Glendora Natural History Website Data Compiled by Dick Swinney
Image used for spacing

PLANTS OF THE SAN GABRIEL MOUNTAINS

A Work in Progress


by

Dick Swinney & Andrew C. Sanders

Copyright: January 2012


Part I


Abbreviations: Many of the terms used on voucher labels have been given standard abbreviations for use in this publication. Some abbreviated terms on labels have conversly been assigned there full name in cases where two or more abbreviated words were being used together and thus possibly leading to confusion.

Abbreviated terms:

+ = California is the only state in the United States that this species occurs, whether native or non native. It is also not found in Canada, Mexico or Puerto Rico.

 

adjacent - adj.

approximately - c.

Baja Californica – Baja CA

boulevard - blvd.

California - CA

California Native Plant Society - CNPS

California Rare Plant Rank - CRPR

campground - cmpgrd.

canyon - cyn.

confluence - confl.

conservation - cons.

Consortium of California Herbaria - CCH

county - co.

creek - cr.

determined - det.

district – distr.

east - e.

elev. - elevation

feet - ft.

First Vouchered Specimen - FVS

fork - fk.

Forest Service - FS

freeway - fwy.

headquarters – hdqtrs.

Headwater(s) – hdwtr(s).

highway - hwy.

immediate - imm.

information - infor.

junction - jct.

Los Angeles - LA

Mediterranian – Medit.

meters - m.

miles - mi.

misapplied – misappl.

more or less - +/-

mount & mountain - mt.

national - natl.

north - n.

other collectors - et al.

peak - pk.

population - pop.

propulsion – prop.

Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden - RSABG

recognized - recog.

Recreation – rec.

road - rd.

San Bernardino - SB

San Dimas Experimental Forest - SDEF

San Gabriel Mountains - San Gab. Mts.

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - SBBG

south - s.

South America – S Am.

species - sp.

street - st.

subspecies - ssp.

temperature – temp.

The Jespon Manual - TJM

trail - tr.

tributary - trib.

University of California, Riverside - UCR

vicinity - vic.

west - w.

yards - yds.

Note: Standard abbreviations have been used for each month of the year.


The impetus for this study began with my publication of the Glendora Foothills Plant Checklist - San Gabriel Mountains, 1994. I began collecting plants in the eastern San Gabriel Mountains, other then Glendora, on September 28, 1991 and have continued to the present. An update to the Glendora plants is available on my web page as well as my publication of Vascular Plants of the South Hills, 2006. The initial intention was to complete a survey of the San Bernardino County portion of the San Gabriel Mountains, which is under the jurisdiction of the San Bernardino National Forest (SBNF). As years of plant collecting went by, the desire to extend the project to the eastern one-half of the San Gabriel Mountain Range evolved. To allow researchers from the two separate counties to more readily examine material from their county of interest, I included separate treatments for each taxa for both the Los Angeles County and the San Bernardino County. After the collection phase of the Plants of the Eastern San Gabriel Mountains was nearly finished, I desired to continue westward through the entire east-west block of the San Gabriel Mountains. The Liebre Mountains which are included within the San Gabriel Mtountains on most maps, are not included in this publication.

Discussion and explanation regarding the exclusion of the Liebre Mountain portion of this mountain range, will be entertained at a future date. The Liebre Mountain Block, projects to the north-west, between the Tehachapi Mountains to the immediate west and the Mojave Desert to the north and east. A large number of plant species found in the Liebre Mountains are not found in the main east-west block that lies to the immediate south. Many of these plants of course are found in the surrounding Mojave Desert areas to the north and east. A comparative study between the floral elements of the Liebre Mountains in contrast to main east-west block of the San Gabriel’s, will not be attempted at this time. Such a study would be of great value to the understanding of the floras present in both areas. The lesser degree of the coastal influence in the Liebre Mountains, of course would be a major consideration to examining the sources of climatic differences.


The plants that appear in this publication include searches of the databases of the Consortium of California Herbaria, RSABG and UCR Herbaria. These three databases include most of the 14 thousand plants I have collected from the San Gabriel Mountains from 1967 to 2009. There are an additional 4400 plants from 2010-2011, presently being processed at UCR. The complete collection is housed at the UCR Herbarium. As many of the plants available on the database of RSABG have not yet been entered into the Consortium Database, it was necessary to also perform separate searches of the RSABG database. My searches of the RSABG database are not yet complete.


Two separate historical reviews of plant collecting in the San Gabriel Mountains, were completed by the author in February of 2010. Both of these reviews are based on the selection of the first voucher specimen collected for each taxa. Both of these are posted on my website. I will shortly begin updating these puplications, as several hunded taxa have been added to The Plants of the San Gabriel Mountains since the time of their publication. A separate review was made for both the Los Angeles and San Bernardino County portions of the San Gabriel Mountains. All plants from the San Bernardino County portion review appear in this study. Only plants that are recorded from within the boundary of this survey were chosen for inclusion from the Historical Review of Plant Collecting in the Los Angeles County Portion of the San Gabriel Mountains.


As with the plants of the Glendora project and the Plants of the Eastern San Gabriel Mountains, Andrew C. Sanders, Curator of the UCR Herbarium has been responsible for the identification/verification of the plants. Others that participated in the identification process included G.K. Helmkamp, Mark Hershkovitz, Mark S. Brunell, Mitch Provance, S.D. White, Steve Boyd, Tim Ross, Orlando Mistretta, Robert Thorne, J.M. Porter, Joshua M. Brokaw, Harlan Lewis, Richard K. Rabeler, J.L. Strother, Tom Chester, G.C. Tucker, LeRoy Gross, S. Galen Smith, Peter F. Zika, Jeff M. Saarela, Oscar Clark, James L. Reveal, D. H. Wilken and Elizabeth Kempton. Copies of most of the plants were also included for the RSA herbarium and were processed with the same identification label as ones interred into the UCR collection.


Andrew has completed the processing of 11,700 plants of my San Gabriel Mountain collection and they are currently posted on the Consortium of California Herbaria as well as the databases at RSABG and UCR Herbaria. I collected four thousand four-hundred plants, mostly from the western San Gabriel Mts., during 2010-2011. These have not yet been processed.


I have compiled one-hundred and sixteen plant surveys from the eastern San Gabriel’s which are currently available on my website under the heading of East San Gabriel Mountain Sensitive Areas. I will continue adding surveys of specific areas to the San Gab. Mts. Miniflora as time goes by. A complete collection of the plants of each location is made during at least two different seasons.


Description of study area boundaries:

North boundary:

This begins at the junction of the Santa Clara River at Dry Creek at Bouquet Junction in Santa Clarita. It procedes eastward along the Santa Clara River, north of Soledad Canyon Road. It continues along the canyon bottom of Santa Clara Wash eastward through Langre, Ravenna, southern Acton and Vincent, until it reaches Carson Messa. Here it continues on the north side of the Messa until it intercepts the California Aqueduct. The boundary stays on the south side of the aqueduct until it reaches Barrel Springs at 2.0 miles due north of Little Rock Reservoir on the desert slopes of the San Gabriel’s. Continue east south-east, following approximately 0.5 miles north of Mt. Emma Road and south of the aqueduct. Continue east-south-east until reaching the base of the north slope of Holcomb Ridge in the Valyermo area. Continue east along the base of the north slope of Holcomb Ridge along the 4000 ft. (1220 m.) contour level to Graham Canyon. Continue east south-east to the 4200 ft. (1280 m.) contour line on the east side of Graham Canyon. Continue east along the north base of the San Gabriel foothills until reaching the junction of Hwy. 138 and Sheep Creek Road. Continue southeastward along the crest of Baldy Mesa as it overlooks the town of Phelan to the north and the Cajon Canyon to the south. It terminates at the Cajon Summit at the I-15 Frwy.

West boundary:

It begins in the south at the junction of I-5 and I-210 Freeways. The boundary runs north along Newhall Creek and northward along the east side of San Fernando Road to the Santa Clara River at Dry Creek at Bouquet Junction in Santa Clarita. Here it turns eastward along the Santa Clara River, north of Soledad Canyon Road.

South boundary:

From the junction of the I-210 and I-5 Freeways, eastward on the north side of the I-210 Freeway and Foothill Boulevard Avenues, above the housing and industrial developments, in the foothill areas. At Kagel and Little Tujunga Canyons, the boundary will dip southward across the I-210 Freeway and into the Big Tujunga Basin. It will include the east side of Hansen Dam and its basin including the Haines Canyon Riverbed. This area lies between the Verdugo Mountains on the south and the San Gabriel Mountains on the north. This area could also be included in a treatment of the Verdugo Mountains. The boundary will continue eastward along the Big Tujunga River Channel where is crosses the I-210 Freeway. It will continue eastward, parallel to and north of Foothill Boulevard Avenue in Sunland, Tujunga and La Crescenta. Continue eastward to Loma Alta Park, north of Devil’s Gate Dam. Continue eastward north of Altadena to Farnsworth Park and then southeastward to Eaton Canyon Park. Continue eastward in the foothill area north of the residential areas of the town of Sierra Madre until reaching Big Santa Anita Canyon at Arcadia Wilderness Park. The boundary turns southward along the Big Santa Anita Canyon to the north side of the developed areas of Monrovia, Duarte. The boundary line veers slightly to the south along the mouth of the San Gabriel River to the I-210 Freeway, south of Foothill Boulevard. This includes Los Angeles County Flood Control Property, the majority of which contains undisturbed alluvial deposits along the San Gabriel River. On the east side of the San Gabriel Wash, continue eastward along the base of the foothills in Azusa/Glendora. The boundary continues eastward along the south-facing San Gabriel foothills of San Dimas, LaVerne, Claremont and Upland. The boundary will run along the south side of San Antonio Dam and continue eastward north of the cities of Rancho Cuccamonga and Etiwanda until reaching Lytle Creek Wash. The boundary runs just north of the I-210 Freeway until it reaches Glen Helen Regional Park area in Devore, known as Muscupiabe. It extends to the southern region of Muscupiabe, adjacent to the Cajon Wash.

East boundary:

From Cajon Summit at I-15 in the north, the boundary runs southward along the I-15 Freeway at Hwy. 138. It continues on the west side of the I-15 at the east bank of the Cajon Wash until reaching the far southern portion of Glen Helen Regional Park, in the Devore area still referred to as Muscupiabe.


Choosing to delineate the northeastern boundary of the San Gabriel Mountains by selecting the southern-most ridgeline of Baldy Mesa, from Pinon Hills in the west to Cajon Summit in the east, is admittedly arbitrary. Defense of a more northerly development of boundary lines on Baldy Mesa, extending north into the town of Phelan and along the I-15 Freeway in the east, could be made with some convincing arguments. My major concern was finding a defensible boundary line in the far-eastern area, where the elevation is much more consistent, as it joins the floor of the southern Mojave Desert. I would imagine that careful consideration of the boundaries between the several plant communities in this area would become an integral part of a determination of a more northerly boundary line.


Nominate species: These are species without further subspecific names. When a species has further subspecific names, some entries below also list the species itself without the subspecific name. There can be several reasons for this. First, some of the plants listed under this category may not have yet been determined to subspecific level….. Second, some plants may not be classifiable to the subspecific level, especially when the subspecific names correspond only to the extremes of the variation in the species.


If there are very few entries of the nominate species along with the subtaxa, it becomes more likely that this is the case. Plants having a high number of records for the nominate species which also include one or more subtaxa, increases the chances that some of these are actually the nominate species.

Many collectors retain more than one specimen per voucher number. Duplicate plants are often sent to other herbaria rather than being retained at the same Herbarium. The Consortium and specific herbaria databases need to be scanned to see if there is more than one herbarium listed with the specimen. If so, check to see if both/all specimens of the same voucher-number agree to the subspecific level. One specimen may be determined to species only and the others to a specific subtaxa. Many older specimens of one hundred years or more, still have these discrepancies. This is a prevalent condition, as most herbaria don’t regularly check to see if specimens that have been sent out, have received a different ID determination. I currently have __ specimens that have received entirely different species determinations by different herbaria. I regularly send this list of discrepancies to the herbaria involved to let them know of the need for further verification. This is to be expected, and should be monitored carefully.


All plant names used in this publication, unless otherwise stated, conform to “The Jepson Manual: Vascular Plants of California, Second Edition, 2012”.


Information included with each entry:

Elevation: When the elevation was not found in the Consortium of CH, I made no attempt to try and determine one. In cases for a very specific location, the determination of elevation should be close, but to alleviate the chance of error, these plants will not be used in discussion of elevation ranges for the species. When consulting the Consortium of CH for elevation data, make sure you look to see if another specimen is listed for that voucher number, if there is no elevation listed. For voucher numbers that include two or more specimens, make sure you check all the specimens shown for that voucher number, if any of the standard information is missing. Data may be omitted on one specimen that is present on another. This is especially true for elevation. Often, the elevation will be listed in feet on one specimen, and be listed in meters for another specimen of that same voucher number. Obviously they should both match. Elevation is listed for only one of the specimens for one given voucher number, a majority of the time. It is possible that the elevation was not searched for long enough, for some species listed as not being given an elevation.

Range of months listed: This indicates the month the voucher specimens were collected. The months were selected only from specimens collected within the study area. No attempt is made to indicate which reproductive structures accompanied the voucher specimen. It could have included dried fruits, which could have remained on the plant long after its active reproductive period.

Abundance rating: This is a relative determination, based on the number of voucher entries available and my experience with each taxa within the survey area. The ratings are: Abundant, common, fairly common, uncommon, rare.

Relative geographical orientation (Section): The following three terms will be used to describe the relative location of each location in relationship to its proximity to the coastal side of the mountains. These three terms will be referred to as sections.

Sections:

montane: The central, higher areas of the main east-west San Gabriel Mountain block.

cismontane: The coastal side of the mountains.

transmontane: The desert or northern side of the mountains.

Cajon Pass: Since it would not necessarily be appropriate to qualify the plants found within the central Cajon Pass area as being montane, this special category will be used regardless of the plants location within Cajon Pass. This will also include plants from the lower Lone Pine Canyon area. Plants found in the far north and south areas could safely be determined as transmontane and cismontane, but to be consistent, this fourth category will be used.

No ranges of elevation will be used at this time to help specify the range of the four sections.

FVS: First Vouchered Specimen: Unless there is only one record for a specific taxa, the FVS will be included for each county. If the record is already included in the general species treatment, only the date will be given. The remainder of the data can be found in the above treatment. If the record is not mentioned above, the entire data will be listed following the date.

General treatment:

Rare to Uncommon: Plants with less then ten entries will normally be described by displaying all the available individual voucher label data. Basic voucher data will include: collector(s), location, date and elevation. Occasionally, additional information will be presented.

Uncommon: Many uncommon plants will have too many records to include all data. A list of locations only may be given for these species without the rest of the basic data.

Fairly Common to Abundant: The basic data label information for the specimens with the lowest and highest elevation records, will be displayed for each county. The range of months collected will be noted, and the relative abundance rating will be given.

Records by the author: My specimens will be listed first, without collector name. These references will be followed by the category of Other records. Generally, any species without the collector indicated, will be from my collection.

Intergradation: Used as stated in the TJM-2012 under the treatment of individual species. Of those listed, only the intergrading taxa that actually exist within the San Gab. Mts. area, will be cited.

Synonyms: Those used in TJM-2012 are cited here. Another primary source wast he GRIN Taxonomy of Plants, Germplasm Resources Information Network.

Place of origin: If the spp. is not native to the San Gab. Mts., the most likely place(s) of origin are listed. The two primary sources used were TJM-2012 and GRIN Taxonomy of Plants, Germplasm Resources Information Network.

Additional data: some information relative to the San Gabriel Mountain plants found within TJM-2012 is included under taxa descriptions.


California Rare Plant Ranks: CRPR

1A Plants presumed extinct in California.

1B Plants Rare, threatened, or endangered in California & elsewhere.

2 Plants rare, threatened, or endangered in Calif., but more common elsewhere.

3 Plants about which we need more information. A Review List.

4 Plants of limited distribution. A Watch List.

CBR Considered but refected


The CNPS Threat Rank is an extension added onto the CRPR & designates the level of endangerment by a 1-3 rnking with 1 being the most endangered and 3 being lest endangerement present for all 1B’s, 2’s, 3’s and 4’s.


Threat Ranks:

    1. Seriously threatened in CA (over 80% of occurences threatened/ high degree & immediacy of threat)

    2. Fairly threatened in CA (20-80 % occur threatened/moderate degree and immediacy of threat)

    3. Not very threratened in CA (, 20% of occurences threatened/low degree & immediacy of threat or no current threats known)


Global Ranking (G)

G1 Less than 6 viable element occurrences (populations for species) OR less than 1,000 individuals OR less than 809. 4 hectares (ha) (2,000 acres [ac])

G2 6 to 20 element occurrences OR 809.4 to 4,047 ha (2,000 to 10, 000 ac).

G3 21 to 100 element occurrences OR 3,000 to 10,000 individuals OR 4,047 to 20,235 ha (10,000 to 50,000 ac).

G4 Apparently secure; this rank is clearly lower than G3 but factors exist to cause some concern (i.e. there is some threat, or somewhat narrow habitat).

G5 Population or stand demonstrably secure to ineradicable due to being commonly found in the world.

GH All sites are historic; the element has not been seen for at least 20 years, but suitable habitat still exists.

GX All sites are extirpated; this element is extinct in the wild.

GXC Extinct in the wild; exists in cultivation.

G1Q The element is very rare, but there is a taxonomic question associated with it.


Subspecies Level

Subspecies receive a T-rank attached to the G-rank. With the subspecies, the G-rank reflects the conditions of the entire species, whereas the T-rank reflects the global situation of just the subspecies or variety.


_______________


CNPS R-E-D Code (This ranking is no longer in use. It has been replaced by the CRPR system shown above.)

R – Rarity

1 Rare, but found in sufficient numbers and distributed widely enough that the potential

for extinction is low at this time.

2 Distribution in a limited number and occasionally more if each occurrence is small.

3 Distributed in one to several highly restricted occurences or present in such small numbers that it is seldom reported.


E – Endangerment

1 Not endangered.

2 Enangered in a part of its range.

3 Endangered throuout its range.


D – Distribution

  1. More or less widespread outside CA.

  2. Rare outside CA.

  3. Endemic to CA.


State and Fed. Status:

For each taxon with official status under the state and/or Fed. Endangered species acts, the plants status is presented. The definitions conform to those found in DA State law and Fed. regulatlions. The CNPS R-E-D Code is listed for a majority of the sensistive taxa, but this ranking has been discontinued and replaced by the system described above.


Place name discrepancies and location descriptions:

There are many references to Horsethief Canyon as being located in the San Gabriel Mountains. Horsethief Canyon is actually located in the San Bernardino Mountains, within 3.1 miles east of Cajon Pass at Cajon Junction (junction of Highway 138 & I-15 Freeway). If the specimen was collected in the San Gabriel Mountains, then the location is most likely Horse Canyon, which is within 6.2 miles west of Cajon Pass. The location names listed on the voucher data section will be listed as shown on the voucher.


Big Dalton Canyon Wilderness Park was formerly called Glendora Wilderness Park. Both names may be found in this publication.


The El Encanto area, north of Azusa, is now the home of the El Encanto Azusa Canyon Wilderness Park. It has had at least 3 names between 2000 and 2009.


Swarthout Valley references are often listed with the spelling of Swartout Valley. It is possible that some early maps displayed this spelling. Specimens as early as 1900 have it spelled both ways. The spelling, displayed on the voucher labels have been retained for this publication.


Johnson’s Pastures north of Claremont has been spelled a number of ways, which were included as written on data labels.


Lodgepole Picnic Area was formerly referred to as Whitethorn Picnic Area. It is located at Dorr Cyn. at the Angeles Crest Hwy., on the north slope of Throop Peak, southeast of Dawson Saddle


The San Bernardino National Forest portion of the east San Gabriel’s was often referred to as the San Bernardino Mountains, in the 1800 and early 1900 hundreds. This made the determination of Cajon Pass locations difficult, as there were two Cajon Passes and Cajon Summits after 1860. One is in the San Gabriel Mountains and one is in the San Bernardino Mountains. Although the San Gabriel Mountain Cajon Pass was also referred to by many during the early years as being in the San Bernardino Mountains. During the 1800 and early 1900’s, the entire San Gabriel Mountain Range was commonly referred to as the San Antonio Mountains and less commonly the Sierra Madre Mountains. This last reference may have been more in use for the western portion of the San Gabriel Mountains.


Cajon Pass: Up until 1860, the Cajon Pass route turned to the east, near the present day Cajon Junction, and passed through the San Bernardino Mountains through Summit Valley. If Cajon Summit is indicated prior to 1861, it is in the San Bernardino Mountains at the west end of Horsethief Canyon and Summit Valley. Even if upper Cajon Pass is indicated on plant voucher data-labels, it’s still uncertain if the location is below or above the Cajon Junction, which is the separating point of the two upper routes.


Between 1861 and 1875, a new route went northward near the present course today. During this time, it was a toll road. By 1875, the toll road was in disrepair. In 1882, the charter for the Toll Road expired and the route became public. If the upper Cajon Pass or Cajon Summit was referred to after 1861, it may have been in either the San Gabriel or San Bernardino Mountains, since there were now two Cajon Summits and two Cajon Passes. Between 1861 & 1875, the upper northern route as well as the lower portion between Devore and Cajon Junction, would most likely have been referred to as the Cajon Toll Road. Only the eastern Cajon Pass during this time was not subject to a toll tax. In the first few years of the toll road, the toll levied on each wagon was one dollar. Locations after 1861 need to be examined for further detail to determine which Cajon Pass or Cajon Summit is being referred to. Regardless of the date used, just the reference to Cajon Pass does not indicate whether it was the southern portion, shared by both routes, or the upper portion, which now had a north and an east branch. One was in the San Gabriel Mountains and the other in the San Bernardino Mountains. Technically, most of the northern route runs between the two mountain ranges and finally terminates at the summit on the San Gabriel Mountain side. The lower portion of the northern route could be placed in either mountain range, knowing that it actually lies in between them both.


At the dawn of the 20th Century and the automobile, the Cajon Pass Road continued to remain in service. It was now a macadam-surfaced road and was maintained by the county of San Bernardino. In 1915, the Cajon Pass was adopted as a State Highway by the State Highway Commission and designated as part of Legislative Route number 31. The route was paved in 1916 and was open for general automotive traffic. It was adopted as part of the new National US Highway 66 and an original US Highway in 1926.


The paved route was then expanded into a new two-lane Cajon Pass Route in 1932 and was co-signed with the extended US Highway 395, after 1934. It became US Highway Blvd. or Cajon Pass, the remnant of US 66/US 91/US 395, before the construction of the I-15 Freeway in 1969.


The above information regarding the Cajon Pass/Summit Area, was taken from US 66, 91, 395 Photo Gallery, Cajon Pass, copyright 2004-2010-Cameron Keiser http://www.gbcnet.com/ushighways/us395/395pics3.html (or ..4.htm.)



Last Update: July 6, 2012



Note: I’m currently unable to adjust the indentation of some of the following fern families. The indentation discrepencies are currently a product of the HTML transfer, and will hopefully will be corrected soon.



Lycophytes


Selaginaceae Spike-Moss Family

Selaginella asprella Maxon., Bluish Spike-Moss

Status: CRPR 4.3 S3.3

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 3801 ft. (1159 m.), at the Hogback, San Antonio Cyn., L.C.

Wheeler, Dec. 17, 1932, to 8000 ft. (2439 m.), at s. slope of Mt.

Williamson, L.C. Wheeler, Oct. 6, 1966; Jan., Apr.-Dec.; rare; montane,cismontane

Other records (location only):

ridge due n. of Big Horn Ridge and s. of San Antonio Ridge, high spot on ridge, above Coldwater Cyn., 0.5 miles w. of Sulphur Springs Campground; San Antonio Cyn.; Chilao Flats; Islip Trail near Hawkins-Islip Divide-Mt. Hawkins; trail from Islip Saddle to S. Fk. Big Rock Cr., 0.5-0.7 mi. downstream from saddle, s. of Reed Spring; 2.5 miles s. of Mt. San Antonio summit; n. side, Little Rock Cr. at Cooper Cyn., Burkhart Tr.; Divide between W. Fork Bear Cr. & Devil’s Cyn.; Devil’s Cyn.; E. Fork San Gabriel Cyn., 0.5 mi. upstream from Alder Gulch; Bear Cyn., off W. Fork San Gabriel River, at Angeles Crest Hwy. at Jarvi. Memorial area; Mt. Waterman; Fish Fk. of E. Fork San Gabriel River, between 6th & 7th falls.

FVS: I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Cyn., July 28, 1917, 5750 ft. (1752 m.)

SBCo.: From 4599 ft. (1402 m.), at Grizzly Gulch, cyn. immediately n. of Chalk Pk. (Pk. 6098 ft.), c. 0.5 miles w. of N. Fork Lytle Cr., R.G. Swinney, July 19, 1996, to 8662 ft. (2641 m.), at “Etiwanda Pk.”, c. 0.9 mi. n.e. of Cucamonga Pk. on same ridge, R.G. Swinney, June 22, 2000; Mar., June, July, Oct.-Dec.; Rare; montane, cismontane

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, “Cascade Cyn.”, off San Antonio Cyn., Dec. 10, 1932,

4799 ft. (1463 m.); I.M. Johnston, w. end of Ontario Pk., Mar. 24, 1918,

5996 ft. (1828 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Cucamonga Wilderness, June 25, 1968, 6500 ft. (1982 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Middle Fk. Lytle Cr., Oct. 12, 1975, 4200 ft. (1280 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Ontario Pk., Nov. 15, 1931, 4800 ft. (1463 m.); F.W. Peirson, summit of Ontario ridge, above Kelley’s Cabin, July 18, 1922, 8350 ft. (2546 m.); I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Cyn., July 28, 1917, 5747 ft. (1752 m.)

FVS: July 28, 1917

Selaginella bigelovii Underw., Little Club Moss, Bushy Spikemoss

CA & Baja Ca, Mex.

LACo.: From 751 ft. (229 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., w. of Roberts Cyn., on n. side of San Gabriel River channel, R.G. Swinney, Dec. 6, 2008, to 4697 ft. (1432 m.), at Red Box Picnic Area on Angeles Crest Hwy., (Hwy. 2), Red Box Station, Angeles Crest Hwy. & Mt. Wilson/Red Box, Ruth Kirkpatrick, July 30, 2001; Jan.- Oct., Dec.; fairly common; cismontane

FVS: L.R. Abrams, Eaton’s Cyn., Dec. 18, 1898

SBCo.: From 1476 ft. (450 m.), near Claremont, (San Antonio Cyn.), M.E. Jones & W.W. Eggleston, Apr. 3, 1924, to 6000 ft. (1829 m.), at w. end of Ontario Pk., I.M. Johnston & Linda Gibson, Mar. 24, 1918; Feb.-Dec.; Fairly Common; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Apr. 1, 1917, I.M.Johnston, Charcoal Cyn. Fk., Cucamonga Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 4497 ft. (1371 m.)

Selaginella watsoni Underw., Watson’s Spikemoss

LACo.: Kratka Ridge, 0.3 miles e. of Cedar Springs, just s. of Conservation Camp 37, Sep. 12, 2008, 6849 ft. (2088m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: “Etiwanda Pk.” (Pk. 8662), c. 0.8 miles n.e. of Cucamonga Pk. on same ridge, July 22, 2005, 8630 ft. (2631 m.)

Other records: None found.


Ferns


Aspleniaceae Spleenwort Family

Asplenium vespertinum Maxon, Western Spleenwort

Status:

CRPR 4.2 S3.2 G3?

CA & Baja Ca, Mex.

LACo.: George L. Moxley, San Gabriel Cyn., Nov. 28, 1920, no elev. given;

Edward L. Smith, upper Palmer Cyn., Feb. 20, 1957, 2496 ft. (761 m.); F.W. Peirson, W. Fork San Gabriel River, June 21, 1921, 2000 ft. (610 m.); F.W. Peirson, Eaton Cyn., Dec. 28, 1919 & June 21, 1921, 1998 ft. (609 m.); A.J. McClatchie, near Pasadena, Millard’s Cyn., Mar. 1894, no elev. given; Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, So. Calif. Edison Transmission Line Corridor (Seg.6, structure 75 per Trip Survey 2008), W. Fork of San Gabriel River, Shortcut Cyn., May 15, 2008, 1200 ft. (366 m.); Joseph A. Ewan, E. Fork Big Santa Anita Cyn., May 30, 1931, no elev. given.; F.W. Peirson, Eaton Cyn., Dec. 28, 1919 and June 21, 1921, 1998 ft. (609 m.); A.J. McClatchie, near Pasadena, Millard’s Cyn., Mar. 1894, no elev. given

FVS: Mar., 1894

SBCo.: Status

I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Mts., Cucamonga Cyn., between 2nd & 3rd. falls, June 7, 1919, 3000 ft. (915 m.), also same data on Apr. 1, 1917

FVS: Apr. 1, 1917


Azollaceae Mosquito Fern Family

Azolla filiculoides Lam.

LACo.: Little Rock Creek, 0.2 mi. n. of LR. Reservoir in cyn. bottom, Sep. 9, 2008, 3120 ft. (951 m.), currently being processed at UCR (March, 2009); east end of Hansen Lake near stream/lake confl., shallow water in Big Tujunga Wash, June 29, 2010, 1010 ft. (308 m.) (not yet processed)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., c. 1/4 mi. upstream from Dam, Dec. 14, 1946; Sam Tyson, San Dimas Cyn., San Dimas Reservoir, July 7, 1943; LeRoy Gross, Tujunga Ponds, w. of I-210 Frwy., in Big Tujunga Wash, City of Sunland, Sep. 20, 1998, 1200 ft. (365 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Soledad Cyn., Santa Clara River, Sep., 21, 1968, 1740 ft. (530 m.); J.C. Roos, Big Tujunga Cyn., w. end of San Gabriel Mts., Mar. 7, 1942, 1499 ft. (457 m.); Jerome S. Horton, surface of San Dimas Reservoir, July 28, 1938, 1499 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: July 28, 1938

SBCo.: P.H. Raven, Cajon Cyn. Station, Cajon Campground., Sep. 17, 1961, 2600 ft. (793 m.)

Blechnaceae Deer Fern Family

Woodwardia fimbriata Sm., Giant Chain Fern

[synonyms: W. chamissoi Brack. and W. radicans (L.) Sm. misappl.]

LACo.: From 366 ft. (152 m.), at Monrovia Cyn. Wilderness Park, just below Monrovia Cyn. Falls on the w. side of the cyn bottom, R.G. Swinney, Feb. 26, 2009, to 4002 ft. (1220 m.), at Falling Spring Resort, San Gabriel Cyn. Rd., below resort but above rd. in spring falls, R.D. Keys, May 6, 973; Jan.-May, July-Dec.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Harley P. Chandler, Palmer’s Cyn., Claremont, Apr. 12, 1897, 2398 ft.

(731 m.)

SBCo.: From 2001 ft. (610 m.), at mouth of Day Cyn., at n. end of Etiwanda Ave., John Wear & N. Moorhatch, Apr. 20, 1994, to 4500 ft. (1372 m.), at N. Fk. of Barrett Cyn., 0.5 miles n.e. of Barrett Village and Barrett-Stoddard Rd., R.G. Swinney, June 15, 1996; Apr.-June, Sep.-Nov.; uncommon, approaching montane at Middle Fk. Lytle Cr. and N. Fork of Barrett Cyn., cismontane; N. Fork of Barrett Cyn. with the largest pop. in the E. San Gabriels, near 4600 ft.

FVS: Sep. 20, 1931, L.C. Wheeler, San Gab. Mts., Barrett Cyn. off San Antonio Cyn., 5198 ft. (1280 m.)


Dennstaedtiaceae Bracken Family

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn var. pubescens Underw., Bracken

LACo.: From 1300 ft. (396 m.), Little Dalton Cyn., Glendora, D. Taylor, May 1952, to 6757 ft. (2061 m.), Big Pine Meadow, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 16, 2008; Jan., Mar.-Oct., Dec.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: Dec. 6, 1892, O. Kenney, San Gab. Mts., moist ravines

SBCo.: from 1860 ft. (567 m.), R.G. Swinney, s. side of mouth of Lytle Cr. Cyn., c. 100 meters n. of Devore Rd., 0.8 miles s.w. of Sierra Ave. & Lytle Cr. Rd. Jct., Mar. 15, 1993, to 7200 ft. (2134 m.), R.G. Swinney, 0.4 mi. due e. of Baldy Notch, in unnamed cyn. at jct. with Stockton Flats Rd., Oct. 7, 1992

FVS: July 20, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Middle Fk. Lytle Cr., San Antonio Mts.,

6747 ft. (2057 m.)

Dryopteridaceae Wood Fern Family

Cyrtomium falcatum (L.f.) C. Presl, Holly Fern

Native to e. Asia.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, near center of Las Flores Cyn., Dec. 24, 1972, 2500 ft. (762 m.)

SBCo.: L.L. Kiefer, n. of Claremont (Stoddard ? Cyn. trib. of San Gorgonio Cyn., c. 1 mile up, between 1st & 2nd falls) (most likely referring to San Antonio Cyn.- added 2011), May 21, 1967, 2998 ft. (914 m.)

Dryopteris arguta (Kaulf.) Watt, California Wood Fern

common below 5000 ft. especially in chaparral & southern oak woodland, LACo.: From 1000 ft. (305 mm.), at Van Tassel Cyn., n. of Duarte, ANF Rd. 1N36/SCE access rd., Justin M. Wood, Nov. 20, 2008, to 6000 ft. (1829 m.), at Crystal Lake, Glen Johnson, May 3, 1949; all months; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Dec. 24, 1884, O.D. Allen, near Pasadena (Arroya Seco), no elev. given (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. Boundary)

SBCo.: From 2001 ft. (610 m.), at Lytle Cr. Cyn., near mouth, Eugene Cardiff, Apr. 23, 1950, to 4599 ft. (1402 m.) at Stoddard Pk., south of Barrett Village & w. of Stoddard Flat, R.G. Swinney, June 15, 1996; Jan., Apr.-Aug.; common; montane, cismontane

FVS: spring, 1904, G. Ross Robertson, San Gab. Mts. region, Lytle Cr., 2000 ft. (610 m.)

Polystichum imbricans (D.C. Eaton) D.H. Wagner, Narrowleaf Swordfern

LACo.: e. slope of Pacifico Mt., at Fountainhead Spring, June 2, 2009, 6599 ft. (2012 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: Lost Creek Cyn., trib. to Icehouse Cyn., e. of Sheep Flat, w. of Shortcut Ridge, July 22, 1994, 6599 ft. (2012 m.); unnamed trib. to Lytle Cr., 2.7 miles n. of Devore Rd.. & c. 1 mile w. of Lytle Cr., Aug. 2, 1993, 3601 ft. (1098 m.); Middle Fk., Lytle Cr., along the stream, c. 300 meters w. of Stone House Crossing, Sep. 26, 1992, 4451 ft. (1375 m.)

Other records:

D.H. Wagner, Take left fk. of trail at Water Supply Meadow, above Camp Baldy & 1.5 mi. above Meadow, 2000, 6301 ft. (1921 m.)

FVS: Sep. 26, 1992

+Polystichum imbricans (D.C. Eaton) D.H. Wagner ssp. curtum (Ewan) D.H. Wagner, Narrow-leaf Sword Fern

LACo.: From 1699 ft. (518 m.), at W. Fork of San Gabriel River, 0.5-0.75 meters w. of Bear Cr., L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 8, 1946, to 5107 ft. (1557 m.), at Condor Pk., (88 deg. E (and) 195 min. distant from summit), Tim Ross, July 16, 1992; Jan.-Mar., May-Sep., Dec.; uncommon; near montane at Condor Pk. & Mt. Lowe.

FVS: Dec. 31, 1860, W.H. Brewer, San Gab. Mts., Camp # 4, 3998 ft. (1219 m.)

SBCo.: From 3519 ft. (1073 m.) at Day Cyn., c. 1.1 miles n.w. of mouth of the cyn., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 30, 1994, to 8500 ft. (2591 m.) at Ontario Pk. plant on w. slope, P.A. Munz, July 18, 1922; Jan.-Mar., May-Sept., Dec.; uncommon; near montane at Condor Pk. & Mt. Lowe, cismontane

FVS: June, 1883, S.B. Parish & W.F. Parish, Lytle Cr., (Mt.) no elev. given

Polystichum imbricans (D.C. Eaton) D.H. Wagner ssp. imbricans (D.C. Eaton) D. H. Wagner, Narrow-leaf Sword Fern

LACo.: From 3200 ft. (976 m.), at Trail Cyn., c. 3 miles into cyn. from beginning of packtrail, Robin S. Collins, May 28, 1973, to 5960 ft. (1817 m.), at c. 100 m. downstream from Upper Fish Fk. Campground, R.G. Swinney, July 29, 1998; May-Aug.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: Aug. 2, 1903, C.F. Baker, San Antonio Cyn., Claremont

SBCo.: From 3200 ft. (976 m.) at Deer Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, Nov. 6, 1932, to 6800 ft. (2073 m.) at Lost Cr. Cyn., south trib. to Icehouse Cyn., east of Sheep Flat, R.G. Swinney, July 22, 1994; Apr., June-Aug., Nov.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: June 7, 1919, I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Cyn. (Charcoal Cyn. Fk.),

3998 ft. (1219 m.)

Polystichum munitum (Kaulf.) C. Presl, Western Swordfern

LACo.: John Dittes & Chris W. Hiams, Upper Big Tujunga River (Wikiup), 1/3 mile downstream of bridge to Camp Colby, Apr. 28, 1989; M.B. Dunkle, San Antonio River Cyn., June 13, 1933, 3000-3100 ft. (915 m.); J. Nickoloff, n. of Mt. Wilson Trail on n.e. face, Mar. 1, 1973, 3398 ft. (1036 m.); Peter Kamb, Colby Cyn., Feb. 1, 1947, 3798 ft. (1158 m.); Joseph Andorfer Ewan, Sawpit Cyn., July 9, 1931, 4198 ft. (1280 m.)

FVS: July 9, 1931

SBCo.: No records found.

Polystichum scopulinum (D. C. Eaton) Maxon, Mountain Hollyfern

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Big Rock Cr., branch at Angeles Crest Hwy., July 16, 1968, 6900 ft. (2104 m.); L. Keifer, 8 miles e. of jct. of Hwy. 39 & Hwy. 2, June 1, 1963, 6997 ft. (2133 m.); F.W. Peirson, cyn. on divide between Little Rock Cr. trib. & Bear Cr., June 17, 1921

FVS: June 17, 1921

SBCo.: Lost Cr., a south trib. of Icehouse Cyn., w.-facing cyn. wall , July 22, 1994, 6800 ft. (2073 m.)

Other records: L.C. Wheeler, n.e. slope of Mt. San Antonio, headwaters of W. Fork of North Fk. Lytle Cr., July 15, 1968, 3900 ft. (2713 m.)

FVS: July 15, 1968


Equisitaceae Horsetail Family

Equisetum arvense L., Common or Field Horsetail

LACo.: From 850 ft. (259 m.) at 0.8 mi. upstream from mouth of San Gabriel River at first bridge, n. side, L.C. Wheeler, Oct. 21, 1946, to 6521 ft. (1988 m.), at Vincent Gap, c. 350 meters s.e. of parking area at spring near cyn. bottom, R.G. Swinney, Sep. 4, 1998; May-Oct.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

Prairie Fk Cyn., 0.5 miles w. of Cabin Flats Campground, July 10, 1998, 5199 ft. (1585 m.); May-Oct.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

Other records:

Joseph Andorfer Ewan, below Charlton Flats, Price Mt. region, June 16, 1932, 4995 ft. (1523 m.); P.A. Munz, San Antonio Cyn., wet medow on hillside below Camp Baldy, July 17, 1922, 4198 ft. (1280 m.); R.F. Thorne, wet, sandy margin of E. Fork Alder Cr., Charlton Flat Burn of 1954, July 2, 1969, 5200 ft. (1585 m.)

FVS: July 17, 1922, P.A. Munz, San Antonio Cyn., wet meadow on hillside below Camp Baldy, 4198 ft. (1280 m.)

SBCo.: From 2454 ft. (747 m.) at Cajon Pass, Cajon Wash near “Blue Cut” & “Keenbrook”, c. 4-5 rd. miles s. of Cajon Jct., Scott D. White, Apr. 16, 1994,to 3250 ft. (991 m.) at Glen Ranch, Lytle Cr., L.C. Wheeler, Oct. 27, 1951

c. 0.6 miles s.w. of jct. of Swarthout Cyn. Road & Cajon Rd., Aug. 12, 1996,

2640 ft. (805 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr., Miller Narrows, near Ranger Station, July 13, 1967,

2775 ft. (846 m.)

FVS: Feb. 1, 1896, S.B. Parish, Lytle Cr., 997-1499 ft. (304-457 m.)

Equisetum xferrissii Clute), Ferriss’ Horsetail

Hybrids between E. hyamale x E. laevigatum, reproducing vegetatively from fragmented stems.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., Sep. 5, 1931, 1597 ft. (487 m.); Jerome S. Horton, above Flume 3, San Dimas Cyn. (SDEF-added 2010), June 19, 1936, 2496 ft. (761 m.); Geo. L. Moxley, Santa Anita Cyn., May 31, 1915; R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, 2 miles up Lower Tujunga Rd. from Forestry Hdqts., June 17, 1971, c. 1500 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: May 31, 1915

SBCo.: I.M. Johnston, fork of Lytle Cr., Coldwater, San Antonio Mts., Aug. 24, 1917, 6498 ft. (1981 m.)

Equisetum hyemale L. ssp. affine (Engelm.) Calder Roy L. Taylor, Common Scouring Rush, Horsetail

LACo.: From 1063 ft. (324 m.), east of Hansen Dam, entered at Orcos Ave., parked at Orcas Park, hiked e. of this park along river & just n. of Wentworth St., but not as far as Tujunga Ponds, LeRoy Gross & Wayne Lowe, Aug. 8, 2000, to 6501 ft. (1982 m.) at spring at Big Cienega, c. 0.6 miles n.e. of Deer Flat Cmpd., along S. Hawkins Rd. (FSR 3N07.2), Valerie Soza & Laura Moore, June 14, 2000; Feb.-Oct., Dec.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

Other records: (locations only)

Liveoak Cyn., Big Rock Cr. & Holcomb Cyn. jct., Evey-Palmer Cyn. Firebreak, Palmer Cyn., Santiago Cyn., San Gabriel Cyn., W. Fork San Gabriel River, Graveyard Cyn., San Dimas Cyn., N. Fork San Gabriel River

FVS: Oct. 31, 1915, Albert J. Perkins, Big Tujunga, Sierra Madre Mts.

SBCo.: From 2640 ft. (805 m.), at Cajon Pass, 0.6 miles s.w. of Swarthout Cyn. Road, jct. with Cajon Rd., R.G. Swinney, Nov. 10, 2008, to 7000 ft. (2134 m.), at 0.4 mi. due east of Baldy Notch, in unnamed cyn., at jct. with Stockton Flats Rd., R.G. Swinney, Sep. 7, 1992; Apr.-Sep.; uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

Other records: (locations only)

Lone Pine Cyn., above Clyde Ranch; Sheep Creek Cyn.; Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Cr.; Day Cyn., (burn 1970); “Epipactis Cyn.”, unnamed cyn. draining ENE to Lone Pine Cyn.; branch cyn. of Cucamonga Cyn.

FVS: Aug. 24, 1917, I.M. Johnston, fk. of Lytle Cr., Coldwater, San Antonio Mts., 6498 ft. (1981 m.)

Equisetum laevigatum A. Braun, Smooth Horsetail or Scouring Rush

(synonym: E. funstonii A.A. Eaton)

LACo.: From 1200 ft. (366 m.), at Little Dalton Cyn., above Glendora, J. Godsil, Apr. 28, 1952, to 7200 ft. (2195 m.) w. of Wrightwood, Blue Ridge Tr., small cyn. that is trib. of Sawmill Cyn. from n.w., 0.9 miles s.e. of Hwy. 2, R.G. Swinney, June 25, 1997; Apr.-Oct.; uncommon; transmontane at confl. of Holcomb Cyn. Creek, between Big Rock Cr. Rd. and mouth of Holcomb Cyn., T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., 4115-4200 ft. (1255 m.), montane, cismontane

Other locations from R.G. Swinney:

Fern Cyn., SDEF; Grand View Cyn.; upper Fish Fork drainage; Dawson Pk. Ridge; Sand Rock Cr.; w. of Wrightwood, meadow at Big Pines; Government Cyn.; Vincent Gap; upper E. Fork San Gab. River, nameless trib. from east, imm. north of Alder Gulch; Sulphur Spring Cmpgrd. area; Mount Baldy Rd. on w. shoulder, c. 1/4 mile s.w. of Mt. Baldy Rd. Jct. with Glendora Mt. Road

Other records: (locations only)

lower Pine Flats; San Dimas Cyn.; Santa Anita Cyn.; San Gabriel River; Jackson Lake; Bichoto Cyn.; Little Fish Fk., Fish Fk. Camp; Big Rock Cr. & Holcomb Canyon Jct.; Crystal Lake-Big Clienaga Spring; Cobal Cyn.; Liveoak Cyn.

FVS: May 30, 1915, S.B. Parish, Santa Anita Cyn.

SBCo.: springs, meadows, streams, uncommon

From 3440 ft. (1049 m.), at Cajon Pass area, 0.6 miles s. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd. at Sheep Cr. Truck Trail, FS Road 2N56, R.G. Swinney, June 11, 1994, to

7200 ft. 2195 m.) at Mt. Baldy Ski area, upper San Antonio Cyn., c. 1/4 air miles w. of Mt. Baldy Notch, alongside rd. to Notch (FS Road 3N01), V. Soza & LeRoy Gross, June 11, 2001; Pinon Hills, c. 0.25 miles s. of Oak Springs Ranch in Oak Springs Cyn., July 6, 1995, 5399 ft. (1646 m.); S. Fork of W. Fork Lytle Cr., 1 mile s.w. of Stockton Flat, Aug. 5, 1997, 6599 ft. (2012 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, Chapman Ranch, above Baldy Village, San Antonio Cyn., May 29, 1969, 4460 ft. (1360 m.)

FVS: Nov. 22, 1931, Freda Detmers, Camp Cajon, Cajon Pass, 2952 ft. (900 m.)

Equisetum telmateia Ehrh. var. braunii (Milde) Milde, Giant Horsetail

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Liveoak Cyn., July 1933, 2250 ft. (686 m.), plus June 21,

1931; J. Ewan, near Fern Lodge, Big Santa Anita Cyn., Oct. 10, 1930, 3198 ft. (975 m.); F.G. Floyd, Big Santa Anita Cyn., May 5, 1931; F.G. Floyd, Clamshell Cyn., Apr. 14, 1931; L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., Aug. 27, 1931, 1250 ft.

(381 m.) (several entries for San Dimas Canyon); L.C. Wheeler, Fish Cyn., W. Fork below Falls, May 5, 1933, 1300 ft. (396 m.); F. Youngberg, San Dimas Cyn. Park, Apr. 1934; F.W. Peirson, Arroyo Seco, Pasadena, Apr. 25, 1920, 1350 ft.

(411 m.); Harvey Kennedy, San Dimas Cyn., Feb. 13, 1949, 2000 ft. (609 m.);

Harley P. Chandler, Palmer Cyn., Claremont, Apr. 7, 1897, 2496 ft. (761 m.)

FVS: Apr. 7, 1897

SBCo.: No records found.

Ophioglossaceae Adder’s-Tongue Family

All of the following records on the three species of Botrichium are from the same area in Coldwater Canyon, with the exception of one record from the headwater of w. fork of N. Fork Lytle Cr. This record is also near Coldwater Canyon. Further examination of these voucher specimens is recommended to verify there are actually three seperate species.


Botrychium crenulatum W.H. Wagner, Scalloped Moonwort

Status:

LACo.: No records found

SBCo.: Status: Sensitive

4 records by I.M. Johnston from Coldwater Fk. of LytleCr. Between 6500-7000 ft. (1982-2134 m.), in 1917; 1 record by P.A. Munz on July 20, 1922 at 7000 ft.; 1 record by R.F. Thorne on July 31, 1971 at 7000 ft.; L.C. Wheeler, hdwtr. of W. Fork of N. Fork Lytle Cr., July 15, 1968, 8900 ft. (2713 m.)

FVS: Aug. 21, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Cr., 7000 ft. (2134 m.)

Botrychium minganense Victorin, Mingan Moonwort

(synonym: B. lunaria var. minganense)

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: F.W. Peirson, Cienaga at Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Cr., July 20, 1922,7000 ft. (2134 m.)

Botrychium simplex E. Hitchc., Little Grapefern

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: L. Kiefer, n. of Baldy Notch, hdwtrs. of Coldwataer Fk. of Lytle Cr. bank on e. side of stream, Aug. 15, 1963, 7196 ft. (2194 m.); P.A. Munz, Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Cr., July 20, 1922, 6996 ft. (2133 m.)

FVS: July 20, 1922

Polypodiaceae Polypody Family

Polypodium californicum Kaulf., California Polypody

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

cliffs and rock outcrops, shaded, several plant communities

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at San Gabriel River Wash, Azusa, between Foothill Blvd. & San Gabriel Valley Gun Club, S.D. White & Pam Devries, no date given, to

3841 ft. (1171 m.), at Fern Cyn. Falls, c. 1.7 miles e. of confl. with upper E. Fork San Dimas Cyn., R.G. Swinney & Dave Larson, June 25, 1999; Jan.-Nov.; common; ______

FVS: Apr. 12, 1897, H.P. Chandler, Palmer’s Cyn., Claremont, 2398 ft. (731 m.)

SBCo.: From 1700 ft. (518 m.), at 5 miles n. of Upland, Cucamonga Cyn., near its mouth, Walter Stewart, Feb. 14, 1948, to 3109 ft. (948 m.), at Lytle Cr. Cyn., unnamed side cyn. from w., 2 miles n. of San Sevaine Rd., near the Hitching Ranch, R.G. Swinney, July 14, 1993; Feb.-July; uncommon

Stoddard Cyn. Falls, east trib. of San Antonio Cyn., 0.9 miles ENE of Shinn Rd., Apr. 15, 1998, 3001 ft. (915 m.)

Other records:

John Wear & N. Moorhatch, at n. end of Etiwanda Ave., Day Cyn., Apr. 20, 1994

2001 ft. (610 m.)

FVS: June 7, 1919, I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Cyn., no elev. given

Polypodium scouleri Hook. & Grev., Leathery Polypody

LACo.: Edwin Kline, Arroyo Seco, Apr. 26, 1925

SBCo.: No records found.


Pteridaceae Brake Family

Adiantum aleuticum (Rupr.) Paris, Five-finger Fern, Aleutian Maidenhair

LACo.: upper Fish Fork with the largest and tallest populations

From 2499 ft. (762 m.), at E. Fork, Santa Anita Cyn., 200 yards downstream from falls, L.C. Wheeler, Jan. 4, 1970, to 7000 ft. (2134 m.), at upper Fish Fk., of E. Fork of San Gabriel River, c. 0.7 miles w. of jct. of Fish Fork Tr. on W. Dawson Pk. Ridge, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 14, 1999; all months; rare; montane, cismontane at Fern Cyn. (SDEF)

Other records from R.G. Swinney:

Fern Cyn. Falls, c. 1.7 miles e. of confl. with upper E. Fork of San Dimas Cyn., with Dave Larson, June 25, 1999, 3841 ft. (1171 m.); Clark Culch, c. 75 meters e. of confl. with E. Fork San Gabriel River, July 28, 1999, 3250 ft. (991 m.); upper Coldwater Cyn., 2.1 miles n.e. of confl. with Dry Gulch, Sep 16, 2000, 5838 ft. (1780 m.) (above the 2 lowest waterfalls-visited location by coming down from a spot s.w. of W. Mt. Baldy summit-added 2010)

Other records:

F.W. Peirson, Eaton Cyn., s. base of San Gabriel Mts., Dec. 28, 1919, 3500 ft. (1066 m.); Many records from Fern Cyn.

FVS: Mar. 1, 1915, Darley F. Howe, San Dimas Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: riparian, rare, elev.

First waterfall in Dog Bone Cyn., west trib. of N. Fork Lytle Cr., imm. south of Alpine Cyn., n.w. of Dawson Pk., Aug. 21, 1996, 7839 ft. (2390 m.); N.W. Fk. of W. Fork Lytle Cr., c. 1 mi. due w. of Stockton Flat, 1 mile n.e. of Mt. Harwood, Aug. 5, 1997, 6799 ft. (2073 m.)

Other records:

I.M. Johnston, rather common on cyn. walls above 6th falls & about “Twin Fall Fks.”, Cucamonga Cyn., July 22, 1925, 4002 ft. (1220 m.); S.B. Parish, Lytle Cr. Falls, 1880, no elev. given

FVS: 1880

Adiantum capillus-veneris L., Venus-hair Fern, Southern or Common Madenhair

LACO.: From 748 ft. (228 m.), e. of Fish Cr., in calcareous spring in rock wall,

F.W. Peirson, Mar. 6, 1921, to 4198 ft. (1280 m.), at upper E. Fork San Gabriel River, nameless trib. from the east, imm. north of Alder Gulch, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 05, 1998; Mar.-Dec., fairly common at wet cliff areas

Other records by R.G. Swinney – locations only:

Fern Cyn., SDEF; upper E. Fork San Gabriel River

the following tributaries of the E. Fk. of San Gabriel River: Falls Gulch, Allison Gulch, Clark Gulch, Alder Gulch; Cattle Cyn.; San Dimas Cyn (Main Fk. & E. Fork); Spruce Cyn., Lewis Paul Cyn. Falls; lower San Gabriel Cyn. (e. of El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park; Lodi Cyn. (to be posted); Roberts Cyn.; San Antonio Cyn.

Other locations:

Palmer Cyn., Mystic Cyn., Fish Creek Cyn., North Fk. San Gabriel River, Fish Fork, Lower Graveyard Cyn., West Fk. San Gabriel River, upper Evey Cyn., Big Santa Anita Cyn.

FVS: Aug. 22, 1895, Minnie Reed, San Gab. Mts., Sierra Madre Mts.

SBCO.: From 2250 ft. (686 m.), at Cucamonga Cyn., north of Cucamonga Cr. Percolation Basin, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 30, 1994, to 7216 ft. (2200 m.), at Middle Fk. of W. Fork Lytle Cr., due n. of Mt. Harwood, c. 1 mile w. of Stockton Flat, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 19, 1996; Apr.-Nov.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

Other records by R.G. Swinney:

E. Fork San Sevaine Cyn., at 2nd major waterfall, 1 mi. due s. of Grapvine Spring, Apr. 4, 1997, 3001 ft. (915 m.); Lytle Creek Cyn., unnamed side cyn. from the w., 2 miles n. of San Sevaine Rd. near Hitching Ranch, July 14, 1993, 3109 ft. (948 m.)

Other records:

Lyman Benson, San Antonio Cyn., Stoddard Canyon, Nov. 23, 1944, 5000 ft. (1524 m.)

FVS: Nov. 23, 1944

Adiantum jordanii C.H. Mull., California Maiden-hair

L.A. Co.: From 1197 ft. (365 m.), at Little Dalton Cyn., W. Bertsch, Apr. 19, 1954, to 3280 ft. (1000 m.) at Rincon Cyn., n.e. of Azusa, 0.6 air miles s.w. of Hwy. 39 at Rincon Station, R.G. Swinney, May 21, 2000; Feb.-May; rare; cismontane

FVS: May 14, 1929, L.E. Hoffman, Pacoima Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Argyrochosma jonesii (Maxon) Windham, Jones’ False Cloak Fern

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Little Rock Cr., Feb. 22, 1933

SBCo.: No records found.

Aspidotis californica (Hook.) Nutt. ex Copeland, California Lacefern

CA & Baja Ca, Mex.

LACo.: From 699 ft. (213 m.), at Santa Anita Wash, F.W. Peirson, Apr. 26, 1920, to 2398 ft. (731 m.), at Palmer’s Cyn., Claremont, Harley P. Chandler, Apr. 12,1897; all months, rare; cismontane

Other records (Locations only):

Glendora, Mystic Cyn.; Wolfskill Cyn., above La Verne, SDEF; Water Cyn. (trib. of San Gabriel Cyn.); Little Dalton Cyn., Glendora; Fish Creek Cyn.; San Dimas Cyn.; North Thompson Cr. Dam; lower Graveyard Cyn. (joins the lower E. Fk., San Gabriel River; Big Santa Anita Cr.; Lodi Cyn., SDEF; upper end of upper reservoir, San Gabriel River Cyn.; Spanish, above Monrovia; Evey Cyn., above Upland

FVS: 1884, O.D. Allen, at base of San Gab. Mts., Little Santa Anita Cyn.

SBCo.: Ora Clark, near Camp Baldy, Oct. 14, 1928; I.M. Johnst., above Upland (Evey Cyn.), Feb. 4, 1917, 2496 ft. (761 m.)

FVS: Feb. 4, 1917

Cheilanthes covillei Maxon, Beady Lipfern, Coville’s Lipfern

Uncommon in rock outcrops throughout

LACo.: From 1900 ft. (579 m.), near mouth of Bear Cyn., off Soledad Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, May 23, 1967, to 7500 ft. (2287 m.), at s.e. side of Mt. Waterman, headwaters of Little Bear Cr., L.C. Wheeler, Aug. 9, 1967; Feb., Apr.-Dec.; uncommon, scattered; all 3 sections

Other records (locations only):

summit of Lookout (Antonio) Mt.; upper Fish Fk.; upper E. Fork San Gabriel River; nameless e. tributary, imm. north of Alder Gulch; mouth of Mescal Cyn.; Largo Vista area; Valyermo, Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Pk., Holclomb Cyn; Little Rock Cr.; Barley Flats; Shoemaker Cyn., (trib. of E. Fork San Gabriel Cyn.); Browns Flat, SDEF; San Dimas Cyn.; North Fork San Gabriel River; Chilao Flats; Crystal Lake Rd., below Soldier Cr. Crossing; s.e. side of Mt. Waterman; Quail Spring, Maher Cyn.; Bichoto Cyn.; s.e. side of Mt. Emma; San Antonio Cyn.; Grandview Cyn.; above Little Sycamore Cmpgrd., Big Rock Cr.; upper Stoddard Cyn.; Glendora Ridge Rd., c. 2 miles w. of Sunset Pk.

FVS: Dec. 31, 1860, Wm. H. Brewer, San Gab. Mts., 3998 ft. (1219 m.)

SBCo.: From 2000 ft. (610 m.), at mouth of San Antonio Cyn., Lyman Benson, Nov. 23, 1944, to 8662 ft. (2641 m.), at “Etiwanda Pk.”, c. 0.9 miles n.e. of Cucamonga Pk. on same ridge, R.G. Swinney, June 22, 2000; Apr.-Aug.; uncommon, scattered on rockly outcrops, cliffs

Records by R.G. Swinney – loctations only:

S.Fk. Lytle Cr.; Stoddard Pk.; San Antonio Cyn. drainage

Other records –locations only:

Mt. Baldy Ski Area; n. of Mt. Baldy Village; Cajon Pass; Ontario Pk.; Cucamonga Cyn. (Charcoal Cyn. Fork); Day Cyn.; Stoddard Cyn.; Icehouse Cyn.; Coldwater Fk. of Cattle Cyn.

FVS: Apr., 1878, William Stout, Cajon Pass, no elev. given

Cheilanthes newberryi (D.C. Eaton) Domin, Newberrys’ Lipfern

(synonym: Notholaena newberryi)

CA & Baja Ca, Mex.; Hybrids uncommon with C. covillei (C xfibrillosa)

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Fish Cyn., Sep. 30, 1932, 1000 ft. (304 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Notholaena californica D.C. Eaton, California Cloak Fern

LACo.: Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., w. of Roberts Cyn., on n. side of San Gabriel River Channel, Dec. 6, 2008, 751 ft. (229 m.)

Other records:

L. Kiefer, entrance to cyn., just e. of cmpgrd., Placerita Cyn. State Park, Dec. 30, 1963, 997 ft. (304 m.); L.L. Keifer, W. Fork San Gabriel River, w. of bridge, Mar. 3, 1963, no elev. given; W.G. Webb, Fish Cyn., Mar. 13, 1932, 1750 ft. (534 m.)

FVS: Mar. 13, 1932

SBCo.: No records found.

Notholaena californica D.C. Eaton, ssp. californica, California Cloak Fern

Gene flow with N. californica ssp. leucophyyla Windham, need study to determine if subtaxa is warrented.

LACo.: From 751 ft. (229 m.), at San Gabriel Cyn., w. of Roberts Cyn., on n. side of San Gabriel River, R.G. Swinney (det. to sp. only, most likely ssp. californica, as L.C. Wheeler collected specimen at same location, det. as N. californica ssp. californica, need to verify), Dec. 6, 2008, to 1750 ft. (534 m.), at Fish Cyn., W.G. Webb, Mar. 13, 1932; Feb, Mar, May-July, Dec.; rare; cismontane

Other records:

L.L. Kiefer, W. Fork San Gabriel River, w. of bridge, Mar. 3, 1963; There are 8 records from these 4 locations; L.C. Wheeler, San Gabriel Cyn., June 26, 1932, 997 ft. (304 m.)

FVS: June 26, 1932

SBCo.: No records found.

Notholaena californica D.C. Eatjon ssp. leucophylla Windham, California Cloak Fern

Gene flow with N. californica ssp. californica, need study to determine if subtaxa is warrented.

LACo.: Scott D. White & Brian Leatherman, Santa Clara River Watershed, Upper Oak Springs Cyn., above existing Gravel Quarry, Jan. 14, 1997, 1902 ft. (580 m.); J.C. Roos, Placerita Cyn., e. of Newhall, Nov. 23, 1946, no elev. given

FVS: Nov. 23, 1946

SBCo.: No records found.

Pellaea andromedifolia (Kaulf.) Fee, Coffee Fern, Coffee Cliffbrake

(synonym: P.andromedifolia ssp. andormedifolia) Further study is needed to determine if the subtaxa status is warranted. Listed below and indented.

LACo.: From 1000 ft. (305 m.), at Fish Cyn., Ervin H. Miller, Mar. 27, 1934,to

4000 ft. (1220 m.), at Smith Mt., along Bear Cr. Trail, L.C. Wheeler, May 24, 1968;

Feb-June, Sep.; fairly common; cismontane

FVS: May, 1896, T.G. Bergesch, Pasadena, Eaton Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: From 1500 ft. (457 m.), at Deer Cyn., n. of Cucamonga, Max E. Dadgley, May 15, 1948, to 7800 ft. (2378 m.), at Dog Bone Cyn., west trib. of N. Fk. Lytle Cr., imm. s. of Alpine Cyn., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 21, 1996; Jan.-Nov.; uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Apr. 1, 1917, I.M. Johnston, (Chevcoa) (Charcoal-added 2009) Fork, Cucamonga Cyn., 1280 ft. (390 m.)

Pallaea mucronata (D.C. Eaton) D.C. Eaton, Bird’s-foot Fern, Birdfoot Cliffbrake

LACo.: From 688 ft. (210 m.), at Azusa, San Gabriel River Cyn., 1.6 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., at El Encanto Dr., confl. with Van Tassel Cyn., R.G. Swinney, Nov. 30, 2008, to 7961 ft. (2427 m.), at summit of Iron Mt., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 13, 1998; Feb.-Aug., Nov.; uncommon; all 3 areas

FVS: Feb. 23, 1913, Albert J. Perkins, Mt Wilson Trail, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 2608 ft. (795 m.), at w. side of Lytle Cr. Cyn., Rd., near Hitching Ranch, 200 meters n. of USFS Rd. 2N79, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 25, 1993, to 8662 ft. (2641 m.), at “Etiwanda Pk.”, c. 0.9 miles n.e. of Cucamonga Pk. on same ridge, R.G. Swinney, June 22, 2000; Apr.-July, Dec.; uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS:

+Pallaea mucronata (D.C. Eaton) D.C. Eaton ssp. californica (Lemmon) Windham, Bird’s-foot Fern, California Cliffbrake

LACo.: From 4500 ft. (1372 m.) at Aliso Cr. at Tie Cyn., R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, June 29, 1971, to 9000 ft. (2744 m.), at Mt. San Antonio, Devil;s Backbone, R.F. Thorne, M.Z. Thorne et al., June 12, 1971; May-Aug., Nov; uncommon; transmontane, montane

FVS: May 26, 1923, P.A. Munz, Vincent Gulch, high ridge, 6996 ft. (2133 m.)

SBCo.: From 5747 ft. (1752 m.), at San Antonio Cyn., I.M. Johnston, July 28, 1917, to 8800 ft. (2683 m.), at Old Baldy) Mt. Baldy), A.J. Stover, Oct. 22, 1944; Jan., June, July, Sep., Oct.; uncommon; montane, Cajon Pass

FVS:

Pallaea mucronata (D. Eaton) D. Eaton var. mucronata, Birdfoot Cliffbrake

LACo.: From 1259 ft. (384 m.), at Big Tujunga Wash, 200 meters n.w. of corner of Wescott Ave. and Grove Str., Sunland District, Joseph Marlowe Koofe, Jan. 19, 2001, to 7600 ft. (2317 m.), at Pine Mt. Ridge, L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 4, 1967; Feb, Apr.-June, Aug., Sep.; Uncommon; all 3 areas

FVS: 1885, O. Kenney (no collector name appeared on the label, but appears to be an O. Kenney collectioin based on specimen label type and accession number), Eaton Cyn.

SBCo.: From 2000 ft. (610 m.), at Cajon Cyn., Lyman Benson, Mar. 25, 1932, to

6000 ft. (1829 m.), at 6.9 miles s. of Lone Pine Cyn. Rd. at USFS Rd. 3N31, c. 200-400 yards w. in steep cyn., R.G. Swinney, June 22, 1993; Mar.-June, Oct.-Dec.; uncommon-rare; all 4 sections

FVS: Mar. 25, 1932

+Pentagramma pallida (Weath.) Yatsk., Windham & E. Wollenw., Pale Silverback Fern

(synonym: P. triangularis (Kaulf.) Maxon var. pallida Weath.

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, W. Fork Rubio Cyn., Dec. 2, 1919, 2447 ft. (746 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Pentagramma triangularis (Kaulf.) Yatsk., Windham & E. Wollenw. ssp. maxonii (Weath.) Yatsk., Windham & E. Wollenw., Maxon’s Goldback Fern

LACo.: Steve Boyd, & Thomas Elias, Rincon-Red Box Rd., s. of Rincon

Forest Station, n. of Glendora, Apr. 14, 1987, no elev. given; Scott D. White & Brian Leatherman, Santa Clara River Watershed, Upper Oak Springs Cyn., above existing gravel Quarry, Jan. 14, 1997, 1902 ft. (580 m.); May N. Ackley, Big Tujunga, Apr. 27, 1927, no elev. given.

FVS: Apr. 27, 1927

SBCo.: No records found.

Pentagramma triangularis (Kaulf.) Yatsk., Windham & E. Wollenw. ssp. triangularis, Goldenback Fern

LACo.: From 840 ft. (256 m.), at San Gabriel Cyn., along old road/trail at El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, 0.2 mi. upstream from park admin. building, R.G. Swinney, May 30, 2008, to 4000-6060 ft. (1219-1847 m.), at ridge descending northward from Mt. Gleason between the upper reaches of Moody Cyn. & Arrastre Cyn., T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, May 31, 1990; Jan.-May, July; Fairly Common; cismontane, many plant communities

FVS: Nov., 1890, Anonym., Wilson’s Trail

SBCo.: From 2070 ft. (631 m.), at c. 210 meters n. of Glen Helen Parkway, 0.9 miles e. of Lytle Cr. Rd., R.G. Swinney, June 11, 1994, to 3600 ft. (1098 m.), at unnamed trib. to Lytle Cr., 2.7 miles n. of Devore Rd., c. 1 mile w. of Lytle Cr., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 2, 1993; Apr.-Aug.; rare; cismontane

Other records:

Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 2, 1971, 2600 ft. (793 m.); I.M. Johnston, Charcoal Fk., Cucamonga Cyn., Apr. 1, 1917, 4248 ft. (1295 m.)

FVS: Apr. 1, 1917

Pentagramma triangularis (Kaulf.) Yatsk., Windham & E. Wollenw. ssp. viscosa (D.C. Eaton) Yatsk., Windham & Wollenw., Silverback Fern

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: Smith & Witt, et al., Santa Anita Cyn., Feb. 7, 1949, 1600 ft. (488 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Pteris cretica L., Cretan Brake

Native range uncertain, widely scattered in tropics & subtropics.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Millard Cyn., July 11, 1947, 1351 ft. (412 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

+Pteris tremula R. Br., Australian Brake

Native to Australasia & Fiji.

LA.Co.: L.L. Keifer, Monrovia Cyn., c. 1/8 mi. above the falls, Apr. 15, 1967,

900 ft. (579 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Pteris vittata L., Ladder Brake

Native to Africa, tropical & temperate Asia and Austrailia.

L.A. Co.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at Azusa, San Gabriel River Wash, on levee, between Foothill Blvd. crossing & San Gabriel Valley Gun Club (now vacant-added 2010), S.D. White & Pam Devries, no date given, to 2496 ft. (761 m.), n. of Altladena (Millard Cyn., c. 1 mi. above Millard Camp), L.L. Keifer, Apr. 1, 1967; Feb., Apr.-June, Sep.-Dec.; uncommon; cismontane

Records by R.G. Swinney:

Duarte, Fish Cyn. Falls, 12 plants growing on granite cliffs to the S.E. of the falls, June 9, 1998, elev. 1480 ft. (451 m.); mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 0.25 mi. e. of admin. building at El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, on s. side of the “Old San Gabriel Cyn. Rd.” at seep, n.w.-facing cliff, abundant here only, June 26, 2008, 800 ft. (244 m.); L.C. Wheeler observed only 1 clump of this species here, high on w.-facing cliff on Oct. 25, 1966; San Gabriel River Cyn., on w. river bank at El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, e. of Parking Lot, June 26, 2008, 840 ft. (256 m.); Monrovia Cyn. Wilderness Park, at & near Waterfall, Feb. 26, 2009,

1200 ft. (326 m.)

Other records:

S.D. White & Pam Devries, San Gab. River Cyn., n. of Azusa, parallel to Hwy. 39, below Morris Dam, Nov. 25, 1997, 850 (+ or - 50) ft., (250 m.) also, David M. Hutt, Sep. 30, 1959, 1300 ft. (396 m.) and Lawrence L. Keifer, Nov. 10, 1963, 1197 ft. (365 m.); Scott D. White, San Gabriel River Cyn., n. of Azusa Cyn. bottom & adj. slopes below San Gabriel Reservoir, May 8, 1997, 1200 ft. (366 m.); LeRoy Gross, Monrovia Cyn., just below the first waterfall, above Monrovia Mt. Park, Sep. 30, 2000, 1700 ft. (518 m.); Orlando Mistretta & Mike Hammitt, Monrovia Cyn., May 29, 1991, no elev. given; Kay H. Beach, stream at Shelter House (just above Flume V.) SDEF, San Dimas Cyn., Dec. 15, 1943, no elev. given

FVS: Dec. 15, 1943, Kay H. Beach, stream at Shelter House, (just above flume, V) SDEF, San Dimas Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Thelypteridaceae Thelypteris Family

Thelypteris puberula (Baker) Morton var. sonorensis A.R. Sm., Sonoran Maiden Fern

Status: CRPR 2.2 S2.2? G5T3

LACo.: Glendora, W. Fork of Harrow Cyn., dry stream bottom in normal years, chaparral, coastal sage scrub, very little riparian veg., 7 plants in 3 locations at 1601 ft. (488 m.), c. 0.25 miles n. of Harrow Cyn. Debris Basin, Oct. 18, 1997. No plants were found in Aug. 2008, perhaps due to removal of most of the cyn. bottom vegetation during the 2005 heavy winter and the enlarged canopy of Ficus carica which has now covered most of the area of the previous population; this was the only known current location in the San Gabriel Mts.

Last known collection besides Glendora, is May 22, 1971 in Fish Cyn., by R.F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Rogers Cyn. (should be: Robert’s Cyn.-added 2010), Dec. 20, 1931, 1246 ft. (380 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Water Cyn., Aug. 22, 1968, 1700 ft. (518 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Fish Cyn., Sep. 30, 1932, 1100 ft. (335 m.); Geo. L. Moxley, Fish Cyn., Nov. 8, 1925, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, Fish Cyn., May 22, 1971, c. 1100 ft. (335 m.); Kessler, Fish Cyn., Oct. 1925, no elev. given; Robert Kessler, San Gabriel Mts., 1925, 2500 ft. (762 m.); L.L. Kiefer, Monrovia Cyn., c. 1/8 mi. below first falls at least 1/2 mi. above 2nd., Apr. 15, 1967, 1699 ft. (518 m.); J.C. Nevin, Santa Anita Cyn., no date or elev. given; Ernest Braunton, Eaton Cyn., San Gabriel Mts., 1907, no elev. given

FVS: 1907, Ernest Braunton, Eaton Cyn.

SBCo.: No records found.


Woodsiaceae Cliff Fern Family

Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ssp. cyclosorum Rupr., Subarctic Ladyfern

(synonym: A. filix-femina var. californicum Butters] Highly variable but named vars. in w. N. America seem indistinct.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Little Rock Creek, c. 1 mi. downstream from Cooper Cr., Sep. 1, 1954; M.B. Dunkle, San Antonio Cyn., June 17, 1933

FVS: June 17, 1933

SBCo.: No records found.

Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh., Brittle Bladder Fern

Riparian, montane coniferous, chaparral, rocky places, usually shaded and moist; uncommon

LACo.: From 1600 ft. (487 m.) at Mapleleaf Cyn., J.R. Shevock, Mar. 28, 1971, to 8020 ft. (2445 m.), at Wrightwood area, Flume Cyn., at spring, c. 200 meters n. of Guffy Campground, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 16, 1999; Feb.-June, Aug.-Oct.; rare; all 3 areas

FVS: June 5, 1906, H.E. Hasse & Davidson, Big Rock Cr.,among pines, 5000 ft. (1523 m.)

SBCo.: From 3109 ft. (948 m.) at Lytle Creek Cyn., unnamed side cyn. from the west, 2 miles n. of San Savaine Rd. near Hitching Ranch, R.G. Swinney, July 14, 1993, to 9250 ft. (2820 m.) at Mt. San Antonio, n. slope, F.W. Peirson, Sep. 15, 1920, Lytle Creek Cyn.; Apr., June-Sep.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: June 7, 1919, I.M. Johnston, Charcoal Cyn., fork of Cucamonga Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 4497 ft. (1371 m.)



Gymnosperms


Cupresaceae Cypress Family

(Taxodiaceae – Bald Cypress Family)

Calocedrus decurrens (Torr.) Florin, Incense Cedar

LACo .: From 1299 ft. (396 m.), at Arroyo Seco, Pasadena, n. of Jet Prop. Lab., Transect 2, John F. Green, July 17, 2003, to 7000 ft. (2134 m.), at mts. above Claremont, D.L. Crawford, June 31, 1915; Jan., Apr.-Aug., Dec.; Uncommon (locally common); transmontane at Big Rock Cr., Anstruther Davidson, July 4, 1893, no elev. given, montane, cismontane at Arroyo Seco; Dense stands of old trees in Bear Cyn, Bear Flat, Bear Gulch, Coldwater Cyn., Jesus Cyn., Holcomb Cyn.(Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park ); Little Jimmy Spring area and other locations.

Other records:

Grandview Cyn.; Icy Springs, tributary of Big Rock Cr.

South Fk., Big Rock Cr.; 1 mile w. of Big Pine Jct.; Buckhorn Campground; Charlton Flat; swampy area in Prairie Fk.; Crystal Lake; Big Santa Anita Cyn., c. 1 mile n. of Arcadia, 100 yards below the weir at Hoegees Camp

FVS: Apr. 30, 19112, Huron H. Smith, top of Mt. Wilson, 6681 ft. (2037 m.)

SBCo.: From 2001 ft. (610 m.), at Glen Helen Regional Park, 3.3 meters w. of service rd., half way between the off-rd. race track to the south & main park area to the north, growing at base of waterfall in shallow ravine, R.G. Swinney, Jan. 6, 1994, to 8200 ft. (2500 m.), near Kelly’s Cabin (Ontario Pk.), I.M. Johnston, July 30, 1917; Jan., July, Sep.-Nov.; uncommon (common locally); montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass at Glen Hellen Regional Park, at streamside.

Dense stands of old trees s.w. of Cedar Flats, Middle Fk. of Lytle Creek (Commanche Cmpgrd.), Ice House Cyn., San Sevaine Flats, upper Falling Rocks Cyn. and other locations.

FVS: July 30, 1917

Hesperocyperus nevadensis (Abrams) Bartel, Piute Cypress

[synonyms: Cupressus nevadensis and Callitropsis nevadensis and Cupressus macnabiana A. Murray var. nevadensis Abrams and Cupressus arizonica Greene ssp. nevadensis (Abrams) A.E. Murray

Native in SN (Kern, Tulare Cos.) in CA

Status: CRPR 1B.2 S22 G2

LACo.: T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, Ball Flat, 1500 m. due n. of Jackson Lake between the Boulder Cyn & Mescal Cr. drainages, June 18, 1990, 5720 ft. (

1744 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Hesperocyperus stephensonii (C.B. Wolf) Bartel ssp. arizonica, Cuyamaca Cypress

[synonyms: Hesperocyperus arizonica (Greene) Bartel and Callitropsis arizonica ssp. arizonica and Cupressus arizonica Greene ssp. arizonica misappl.

Native to Cuyamaca Mts. & n.w. Baja CA, Mex.

Status: CRPR 1B.1 S1.2 G1

LACo.: Scott D. White, Clear Cr. Area, roadside & hiking trail, s. side of Angeles Forest Hwy., c. 0.2 miles w. of jct. with Angeles Crest Hwy., July 27, 2004,

3500 ft. (1067 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Juniperus californica Carriere, California Juniper

LACo.: From 570 ft. (174 m.), at Irwindale, San Gabriel Wash, just n. of I-210 Frwy and s. of Huntington Dr. (Footlhill Blvd.-added 2010), Valerie L. Soza & Gary Wallace, Jan 6, 2000, to 6160 ft. (1878 m.), at Ball Flat, n. of Jackson Lake, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 8, 2008; Jan.-July, Sep.-Nov.; common in the transmontane foothill areas in the Pinyon-Juniper Woodland and Joshua Tree Woodland plant communities, range restricted to the mouth of San Gab. Cyn. and the Hansen Dam Basin along the Big Tujunga Wash, on the cismontaine side, in Coastal Sage Scrub and Chaparral

FVS: June 28, 1897, J.H. Barber, Kentucky Spring

SBCo.:

From 2080 ft. (634 m.), at mouth of Lytle Cr., c. 100 meters n. of Devore Rd. , 200 meters e. of Lytle Cr. Rd., R.G. Swinney, Nov. 14, 1992, to 5599 ft., at 0.5 miles n.e. of Sheep Cr. Rd. at Hwy. 2, between Sheep Cr. Rd. & Hwy. 2, R.G. Swinney, June 1, 1994; Mar.-June, Sep.-Dec.; Common in the transmontane foothill areas in the Pinyon-Juniper Woodland and Joshua Tree Woodland plant communities. Range restricted to the mouth of Lytle Cr. Cyn. on the cismontane side, in Coastal Sage Scrub and Chaparral plant communities. Last record at the mouth of Cucamonga Cyn. and nearby area was 1916 by I.M. Johnston.

FVS: May 28, 1914, W.L. Jepson, Cajon Pass, 3598 ft. (1097 m.)

Juniperus occidentalis Hook., ssp. australis Vasek, Western Juniper

(synonym: J. grandis R.P. Adams)

LACo.: Iron Mt. summit, n.w. of Mt. Baldy Village, Apr. 25, 1997, 7888 ft.

(2405 m.); e. end of Big Horn Ridge, s.w. of Mt. San Antonio, ridgetop, Aug. 9, 1999, 9161 ft. (2793 m.)

Other records:

B.C. Templeton, Mt. Baldy, Aug. 21, 1932, no elev. given

FVS: Aug. 21, 1932

SBCo.: From 7757 ft. (2365 m.), at Icehouse Cyn., A.B. Cossey, no date given, to 9479 ft. (2890 m.), at Mt. Harwood summit, R.G. Swinney,Aug. 22, 1995; May, July-Oct.; rare; montane

Records by R.G. Swinney:

E. of Wright Mt. summit, c. 200 meters s.e. of e. end of Blue Ridge Mtwy., July 12, 1993, 8049 ft. (2454 m.); n. of Pine Mt. c. 1/4 mile n. of pk. on w. side of Devil’s Backbone trail, Aug. 10, 1995, 9200 ft. (2805 m.); Dawson Pk., Aug. 10, 1995, 9480 ft. (2890 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, s. side of Blue Ridge, Sep. 5, 1967, 7902 ft. (2409 m.); near Devil’s Backbone (“Baldy”), Aug. 16, 1918, 7997 ft. (2438 m.); Eleanor McClung, Mt. Baldy, May 29, 1937, no elev. given; I.M. Johnston, N. Fork San Antonio Cyn. (Old Gold Ridge Mine), July 28, 1917, 7997 ft. (2438 m.)

FVS: July 4, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Devil’s Backbone, 9000 ft. (2743 m.)

Juniperus osteosperma (Torr.) Little, Utah Juniper

LACo.: T.S. Ross, Fort Tejon Rd., 0.1 mile w. of its jct. with Hwy. 138, 0.25-0.3 miles w. of the co. line, Apr. 27, 1991, 3880 ft. (1183 m.) (just n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: Upper Cajon Cyn., nameless cyn., n. of Circle Mt., s.e. of Controversy Spring, June 3, 1995, 4799 ft. (1463 m.); Pinon Hills, w. of Greene Rd., June 20, 1996, 4986 ft. (1512 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, mesa just east of mouth of Lytle Cr., Mar. 6, 1968, 2300 ft.

(701 m.)

FVS: Mar. 6, 1968

Sequoia sempervirens (Lamb. ex D. Don) Endl., Redwood

Native to Pacific Coast fog zone from Plasket Cr. area, n. of Santa Barbara to Oregon.

LACo.: Winter Cr. at 0.2 (?) miles w. (upstream) fromBig Santa Anita Cyn., 2 trees < 12 ft., on s. side of sream, perhaps naturalized, Aug. 23, 2010, 18780 ft. (570 m.) (not yet processed)

Other records:

Paul M. Inman, c. 1 mile n. of Arcadia, c. 100 yds. below weir at Hoegee’s Camp, May 8, 1983, no elev. given

FVS: May 8, 1983

SBCo.: No records found.

+Sequoiadendron giganteum (Lindl.) J. Buchholz, Giant Sequoia

Native to High Sierra Nevada

Status: CRPR CBR

LACo.: Buckhorn Spring, 50-250 meters s. of Hwy. 2 in cyn. bottom, near large concrete water Tank, on e. side of cyn., dry, no surface water, n.w.-facing slope with montane coniferous forest of Pinus jeffrey (some extremeley large) Abies concolor & Calocedrus decurrens. At least 12 trees - 30-90 ft. (9.2-27 m.) tall, oldest trees most likely planted. Some of the younger trees, possibly from germination (not aware of past fire history); Big Cienaga Spring at Pine Flats, e. of Deer Flats Campground in the Crystal Lake Rec. Area, _____________2010 Sulpher Springs Cmpgrd. area, S. Fork of Littlerock Cr., (near water tank in e. area-added 2011), May 28, 2009, 5199 ft. (1585 m.)

Other records:

Scott D. White, c. 8 miles WNW of Wrightood, E. Fenner Saddle Rd. on Pacific Crest Trail, Aug. 11, 2004, 6799 ft. (1083 m.), small trees, uneven sizes,

c. 2-4 m. tall, locally common, emergent above brush in (evidently) recently burned-over area. Possibly planted here or possibly post-fire seedlings from an unknown seedsource

FVS: Aug. 11, 2004

SBCo.: San Sevaine Flats on San Sevaine (Big Tree Truck) Rd., s.w. of San Sevaine Well, Oct. 17, 1992, 1692 ft. (516 m.), gentle slopes on ridge-top, Yellow Pine Forest with Pinus lambertiana, Abies concolor, Quercus kellloggii & Calocedrus decurrens. Several trees at c. 50 ft. (15 m.), apparently planted among trees at meadow, all trees of similar size.

Other records: None found.

FVS: Oct. 17, 1992


Ephedraceae Ephedra Family

Ephedra nevadensis S. Watson, Nevada Ephedra, Nevada Jointfir

Chaparral, Creosote Bush Scrub, Joshua Tree Woodland, Pinyon-Juniper Woodland

LACo.: From 2401 ft. (732 m.), at Mill Cyn., off Soledad Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, May 5, 1973, to 4900 ft. (1494 m.), at Alimony Ridge, L.C. Wheeler, May 27, 1968; March- June; Fairly common in montane foothill areas

FVS: May 19, 1921, F.W. Peirson, Little Rock Cr., 3100 ft. (945 m.)

SBCo.: From 4961 ft. (1482 m.), n.e. of Wrightwood, Horse Cyn., n.w. of Circle Mt., 100-200 meters e. of Hwy. 2, c. 200 ft. north of Horse Cyn. Rd. (USFS Rd. 3N12), R.G. Swinney, June 12, 1994, to 5248 ft. (1600 m.), at Oak Spring Ranch, Pesach Lubinskky & L. Lubinsky, May 1, 1998; May and June; very few records, perhaps due to producuction of flowers and seeds only during years of good rainfall

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, c. 2.5 miles NNE of Wrightwood at boundary of Nat. Forest, Apr. 23, 1966, 5000 ft. (1524 m.)

FVS: Apr. 16, 1947, Lyman Benson, San Gab. Mts. region, edge of Mojave Desert, 10 miles n.w. of Cajon, 4600 ft. (1402 m.)

Ephedra viridis Coville, Green Ephedra, Morman Tea

LACo.: From 3100 ft. (945 m.), at Soledad Cyn., vic. of Soledad Pass, Soledad Cyn. Road, c. 0.5 miles s. of Sierra Hwy., B. Pitzer, May 23, 1998, to 5799 ft. (1768 m.) at w. end of ridge extending from Big John Pk., above Big John Flat (to the south), R.G. Swinney, June 5, 1999; Apr.-June, Aug., Nov.; Uncommon; Pinyon-Juniper Woodland, Joshua Tree Woodland and Sagebrush Scrub on the montane side; Chaparral & Yellow Pine Forest on the cismontane side in Prairie Fk.

Records by R.G. Swinney:

Big Rock Cr. at Paradise Springs, on Campground property (now Big Rock Creek Camp), May 2, 2008, 4822 ft. (1470 m.); Bob’s Gap near Lime Kiln ruins on e. side of rd., at Holcomb Ridge, Apr. 18, 2001, 4080 ft. (1244 m.); with Vanessa Merritt, s.w. of Pinon Hills, 0.3 miles s. of mouth of Mescal Cyn. & Reservoir, June 12, 1998, 4920 ft. (1500 m.)

Other records:

T.S. Ross, Peter W. Fritsch, et al., Pinyon Ridge, w. half of ridge, June 22, 1990, 5600-6400 ft. (707 m.); Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et al., off Big Pines Hwy. (Rd. N), near Shoemaker Cyn., May 6, 2005, no elev. given; L.E. Hoffman, Holcomb Cr., Nov. 28, 1931, no elev. given (B.C. Templeton with seperate voucher); I.M. Johnston, Prairie Fk., Aug. 25, 1917, 5000 ft. (1524 m.); L.C. Wheeler, imm. west of Caldwell Lake, May 31, 1967, no elev. given

FVS: Aug. 25, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Prairie Fk., 4999 ft. (1524 m.)

SBCo.: Pinyon-Juniper Woodland and chaparral on the montane side; Montane coniferous on the cismontane side at Devil’s Backbone; rare,

n. of Wrightwood; 0.9 miles s.w. of Oak Spring Ranch Rd. jct., c. 800 meters w. of Hwy. 2, s. of prominent old mining operation, June 12, 1994,

5999 ft. (1829 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne & Hj. Eichlen, near e. end of Devil’s Backbone, July 27, 1968,

8600 ft. (2622 m.)

FVS: July 27, 1968


Pinaceae Pine Family

Abies concolor (Gord. & Glend.) Lindl. ex Hildebr., White Fir

[synonyms: A. lowiana (Gordon) A. Murray bis and A. concolor var. lowiana (Gordon) Lemmon]

Records by R.G. Swinney – locations only:

Punchbowl Cyn. (5200 ft.), Iron Mt., Lookout Mt., Mt. Islip, Mt. Williamson, Ross Mt., Sugarloaf Pk., Table Mt. Summit, Telegraph Pk., Throop Pk., Timber Mt., Wright Mt., Cucamonga Pk., Etiwanda Pk., Mt. Harwood, Mt. Burnham, Mt. Lewis, West Mt. Baldy Pk. (1 tree), Mt. Williamson complex, Big Horn Pk., E. & W. Twin Pks., Mt. Waterman, Mt. Hawkins, Middle Hawkins Pk., Saddie Hawkins Pk.; the most common tree in many areas between 6500 and 8500 ft.; montane coniferous, Yellow Pine Forest

LACo.: From 5199 ft. (1585 m.), at Big Rock Cr. site, Fenner Cyn., June Latting, June 24, 1973, to 9899 ft. (3018 m.), at West Baldy Pk., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 27, 1998; Jan., Apr.-Aug., Oct.-Dec.; abundant in montane, uncommon at transmontane highlands

FVS: Oct. 14, 1928, Christina Clark, Mt. San Antonio

SBCo.: From 6038 ft. (1841 m.), at Wrightwood at Wright Lake, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 12, 1996, to 6848 ft. (2088 m.), at Sugarloaf Pk. east & w. summits and saddle between, s. of Icehouse Cyn. Parking Area, R.G. Swinney, July 9, 1996; Mar., June-Nov.; abundant (The elev. range presented here from available records, is inadequate, attempt will be made to make a more complete voucher survey)

FVS: Mar. 15, 1916, L.L. Gardner, Icehouse Cyn., no elev. given

Pinus attenuata Lemmon, Knobcone Pine

Native to San Bernardino Mts., Sierra Nevada, Baja CA, etc.

All the following locations represent planted trees, no documentation of naturalization at these sites is available.

LACo.: I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Cyn., Nov. 21, 1916; J.C. Roos, c. 3 miles s. of Charlton Flats, Angeles Cr. Hwy., Apr. 18, 1942, no elev.; R.F. Thorne, Chilao Flat near entrance, June 26, 1971, 5300 ft. (1616 m.); L.C. Wheeler, w. side of N. Fork, San Gabriel River, near mouth, Oct. 5, 1968, 2025 ft. (617 m.); D. Roche, Mt. Baldy Rd., 1.7 mi. from jct. of Mills Ave. & Mt. Baldy Rd., May 26, 1998,

1900 ft. (579 m.); Brian McColgan, Evey Cyn., 1 mile n. of Padua on Mt. Baldy Rd., May 10, 1988, 3000 ft. (915 m.); Tim Thibault, Mt. Gleason, Sep. 28, 2003, 5589 ft. (1704 m.); R. Patterson, Millard Cyn., Mar. 24, 1965, 1998 ft. (609 m.); Wendell Wood, Switzer’s Camp, Angeles Crest Hwy., 9 mi. beyond jct. with Foothill Blvd., June 24, 1970, 3001 ft. (915 m.); A.C. Sanders & D. Malueg,

2 miles e. of Mt. Gleason at Little Gleason Forestry Plantation on So. Cal. Edison Mesa- Vincent transmission line at tower 7-2, June 24, 1998, 5599 ft. (1707 m.)

FVS: Nov. 21, 1916, I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Cyn.

SBCo.: Stockton Flat , W. Fork. Lytle Cr., Aug. 19, 1996, 5799 ft. (1768 m.)

(8 meter high trees, c. 17 individuals along rd.)

Other records: None found.

Pinus contorta Douglas ex Louden var. murrayana (Balf.) Engelm., Sierra Lodgepole Pine

montane coniferous, the dominant tree in many areas above 8500 ft. (2591 m.)

LACo.: From 8997 ft. (2743 m.), at 1 mile s. of Dawson Saddle on Hwy. 2, Low B. Prigge, Apr. 12, 1970, to 10000 ft. (3049 m.), at Mt. San Antonio, Albert J. Perkins, July 26, 1915 (perhaps in San Bernardino Co., co. line runs through the center of the peak.); Apr., June- Aug., Oct.; (additional voucher specimens needed to reflect their proper distribution and abundance); montane

FVS: July 26, 1915, Albert J. Perkins, Mt. San Antonio, 10000 ft. (3049 m.)

SBCo.: From 8200 ft. (2500 m.), at Devil’s Backbone Trail, between Wright Mt. & Pine Mt., T.S. Ross & Peter W. Fritsch, June 15, 1990, 8200 ft. (2500 m.), to 10037 ft. (3060 m.), at Mt. San Antonio, near summit, F.R. Fosberg and Mildred E. Mathias, June 23, 1931; Jan., May-Sep.; abundant locally above 8200 ft.; montane

FVS:

Pinus coulteri D. Don, Coulter Pine

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

commonly planted throughout the range; native in the L.A. Co. portion only; Chaparral, Yellow Pine Forest, Montane Coniferous, the records listed here represent populations thought to be natural

LACo.: From 1299 ft. (396 m.), at Arroyo Seco, Pasadena, n. of Jet Prop. Lab., Transect 2, John F. Green, July 17, 2003, to 7350 ft. (2241 m.), at ridge, c. 0.5 miles s. of Iron Mt., 4-5 air miles n.w. of Mt. Baldy Village, limited population of mature trees, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 25, 1997, Apr., May, Aug., Nov. Dec., Uncommon; transmontane at Devil’s Punchbowl, montane, cismontane

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Crystal Lake cutoff, c. 1 mile s. of Snow Spring, Bear Cr., s.w. slope of Mt. Islip, Nov. 30, 1966, 5799 ft. (1768 m.); B. Prigge, 24 miles n.e. of La Canada, along Hwy. 2, Dec. 4, 1970, 5396 ft. (1645 m.), (native status uncertain); Lyman Benson, Mt. San Antonio, no elev. given (native status uncertain); L.C. Wheeler, Divide between W. Fork Bear Cyn. & Devil’s Cyn., Aug. 7, 1968,

5900 ft. (1799 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Divide between Punchbowl Cyn. and Watkins Cr., at end of rd., beginning of Burkhart Trail, May 12, 1968, 5200 ft. (1585 m.); L.E. Hoffman, Barley Flats, Sep. 18, 1932, no elev. given

FVS: Sep. 18, 1932, L.E. Hoffman, Barley Flats, no elev. given

SBCo.: It is not certain whether any of the 4 records represent natural populations.

The tree I collected from Clyde Ranch, I learned was planted. It has since blown down. The 8 trees in Horse Canyon Shooting Range area were all near 7 m. high when I collected cones. I now suspect they were planted. The 2 remaining records are from Lyman Benson. Trees on the flat below Baldy are likely planted. His Mt. San Antonio record is without elevation, abundance or specific location. Origin of this specimen is uncertain.

FVS: Oct. 15, 1945, Lyman Benson, Mt. San Antonio, 4301 ft. (1311 m.)

Pinus flexilis James, Limber Pine

LACo.: From 7000 ft. (2134 m.), at Chilao Flats, B.C. Templeton, Dec. 22, 1931, to 9345 ft. (2851m.), just s. of pk. of Mt. Baden-Powel, Robert F. Thorne & J. Dourley, Oct. 3, 1967; Apr.-Aug., Oct., Dec.; rare; montane

Other records:

R.G. Swinney, at summit of Iron Mt., 4-5 airmiles n.w. of Mt. Baldy Village, Apr. 25, 1997, 7888 ft. (2405 m.); June Latting, Throop Pk. Trail, Oct. 16, 1977, 9099 ft. (2774 m.); R.F. Thorne, Throop Pk., Aug. 25, 1971, no elev. given; P.A. Munz, ridge s. of Swartout Valley, Aug. 31, 1923, 8500 ft. (2591 m.); R.F. Thorne, Mt. Hawkins, Aug. 25, 1971, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, summit of Mt. Hawkins, July 26, 1970, 8850 ft. (2698 m.); B.C. Templeton, Chilao Flats, Dec. 22, 1981, no elev. given; G.R. Johnstone, Mt. San Antonio, June 10, 1928, no elev. given; Joseph Andorfer Ewan, N. Baldy (slopes of e. spur), Aug. 6, 1934, 8997 ft. (2743 m.); J. Vlahos, San Antonio Cyn., May 13, 1934, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, Blue Ridge, no date given, no elev. given; J. Haller, n. of summit of Mt. Baden-Powell (near lower edge of Designated Ancient Limber Pines Area), Oct. 7, 1979, 8856 ft. (2700 m.)

FVS: June 10, 1928, G.R.Johnstone, Mt. San Antonio

SBCo.: The 2 records listed in the LA Co. portion for Mt. San Antonio, could possibly have been on the e. side of the county line, and are listed here again.

Joseph Andorfer Ewan, N. Baldy (slopes of e. spur), Aug. 6, 1934, 8997 ft.

(2743 m.); G.R. Johnstone, Mt. San Antonio, June 10, 1928, no elev. given

FVS: June 10, 1928

Pinus jeffreyi Balf., Jeffrey Pine

Yellow Pine & Montane Coniferous Forests

I have observed trees below and above the following elev. records, but these represent known collections:

LACo.: From 4002 ft. (1220 m.) at Devil’s Punchowl County Par, at fork of Punchbowl Cyn. in the n. area, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 22, 2005, to 9361 ft.

(2854 m.), at Mt. Baden-Powell, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 18, 2001; Feb., Apr., July-Oct.; Abundant; all 3 sections

FVS: Dec. 29, 1897, summit of Mt. Wilson, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 6038 ft. (1841 m.), at Wrightwood, Wright Lake, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 12, 1996, to 8954 ft. (2730 m.), at Telegraph Pk., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 11, 1994; May, July, Aug., Dec.; abundant; transmontane, montane, cismontane

FVS: Dec. 15, 1962, Mark Purratt, Mt. San Antonio, 8200 ft. (2500 m.)

Pinus halapensis Mill, Jerusalem Pine, Aleppo Pine

Native to Africa, temperate Asia and Europe.

LACo.: Orlando Mistretta, Litle Rock Cr., slopes e. of creek below Little Rock Dam, July 12, 1995 & Mar. 30, 1994, 3150 ft. (960 m.) (most likely planted-added 2010)

FVS: Mar. 30, 1994

SBCo.: No records found.

Pinus lambertiana Douglas, Sugar Pine

Records by R.G. Swinney – locations only:

Cucamonga Pk., Dawson Pk., Etiwanda Pk., Iron Mt.(on San Antonio Ridge), Mt. Burnham, Mt. Islip, Mt. Lewis, Mt. Williamson & ridge down to 6350 ft., Ross Mt., Sugarloaf Pk., Telegraph Pk., Big Horn Pk., Timber Mt., Lamel Spring,Windy Spring, San Sevaine Flats, Sheep Flats, Bear Flat, Sheep Flats, Falling Rocks Cyn. Kelly’s Camp, Windy Spring

Yellow Pine Forest, montane coniferous

LACo.: From 5000-6000 ft. (1524 m.), at Mt. Wilson, George P. Grant & W. Wheeler, May, 17, 1904 to 9099 ft. (2774 m.), at Throop Pk. Trail, June Latting, Oct. 16, 1977 (the higher record by L.E. Hoffman was collected on E. side of E. Baldy, therefore it is in San Bernardino County); Jan, Apr., May, July-Dec.; fairly common; montane, cismontane

FVS: July 22, 1893, Anstruther Davidson, Mt. Wilson

SBCo.: From 3998 ft. (1219 m.), at San Sevaine Cyn., A. Lewis, Mar. 1, 1933, to 8970 ft. (2735 m.), Telegraph Pk., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 11, 1994, Mar., May, July-Dec.; fairly common; montane

FVS: Mar., 1915, Fred Cox, Icehouse Cyn., no elev. given

Pinus monophylla Torr. & Frem., Singleleaf Pinyon

LACo.: From 3451 ft. (1052 m.), at Little Rock Cr., Orlando Mistretta, July 12, 1995, to 7400f t. (2256 m.), summit of E. Table Mt., w. of Wrightwood, R.G. Swinney, July 2, 1998 and Joseph Andorpher Ewan, w. end of Table Mt., Montaine Cr. (head of), Aug. 3, 1934, 7396 ft. (2255 m.); All months, Common; montane, desert slopes

FVS: June 3-6, 1900, H.M. Hall, Lone Pine Cyn., 4995 ft. (1523 m.)

SBCo.: From 3847 ft. (1173 m.(, on Hwy. 2, 5 miles s. of Wrightwood, sandstone hills, Ira Wiggins, Mar. 9, 1937, to 6800 ft. (2073 m.), at Coldwater Cyn., along Mt. Baldy Rd., off N. Fk. & Lytle Cr., L.C. Wheeler, July 10, 1968; Jan., Mar.-July, Sep., Nov.; Common; montane, desert slopes

FVS: June 17, 1921, P.A. Munz, Lone Pine Cyn., 4999 ft. (1524 m.)

Pinus ponderosa C. Lawson, Yellow Pine, Pacific Ponderosa Pine

Cones collected at Browns Flat (5000 ft., SDEF, 1988) may be P. jeffreyi , variation in characteristics of cones

LACo.: From 2500 ft. (762 m.), in Glendora, tree 8 m. high, Thomas Seerley, Feb. 22, 1948 (record by Kurt Zeiher, May 7, 1949, for Big Dalton Cyn., Glendora, lists 500 ft. ( perhaps should be 500 m.-1640 ft., as lowest Big Dalton Cyn. elev. is 1100 ft.-added 2010), to 7544 ft. (2300 m.), at Islip Trail near Islip-Hawkins Divide, Mt. Hawkins, Hawkins Divide, F.R. Fosberg, Aug. 13, 1931; Feb., Apr.-Aug., Nov.; uncommon; transmontane at Mt. Gleason, montane, cismontane at Mt. Wilson, Switzer Camp & Dalton Cyn. (Glendora)

Other records:

L.E. Hoffman, Swartout Cyn., Nov. 9, 1931, no elev. given; V.V. Giles, Crystal Lake, July 5, 1919, no elev. given; Mark Parratt, Charlton Flats, Apr. 8, 1964, no elev. given; R. Suter, atop Mt. Wilson (25 yds. north of Mt. Wilson Hotel Parking Lot; R. Spengler, Switzer’s Camp, Angeles Crest, May 14, 1965, 2298 ft.

(914 m.); Mark Parratt, Barley Flats, Apr. 8, 1964, 5599 ft. (1707 m.); Joseph A. Ewan, open forest on summit of Mt. Gleason, May 29, 1932, 6199 ft. (1890 m.)

FVS: July 15, 1919, V.V. Giles Crystal Lake, 5701 ft. (1738 m.)

SBCo.: From 4540 ft. (1384 m.), at Ralston Pk. (s.w. of Cajon Jct.-added 2010), R.G. Swinney, July 8, 1995, to 5600 ft. (1707 m.), at Big Pines Rd., from Cajon, Lyman Benson, Apr. 22, 1947; Mar-May, July, Sep.-Dec.; uncommon; montane, Cajon Pass area at Ralston Pk.

Records by R.G. Swinney:

N. Fk. Lytle Cr. at jct. of FS Rd. 3N06 & 3N33, Nov. 2, 1991, 5199 ft. (1585 m.); San Sevaine Flats at San Sevaine (Big Tree Truck) Rd., Oct. 17, 1992, 5550 ft. (1692 m.)

Other records:

Mark Parratt, Mt. San Antonio, Dec. 1 & 15, 1962, no elev. given (14 seperate voucher numbers); Eleanor McClung, Coldwater Cyn., Stockton Flats, May 29, 1937, no elev. given; L.L. Gardner, Icehouse Cyn., Mar. 15, 1916, no elev. given

FVS: Mar. 15, 1916

+Pseudotsuga macrocarpa (Vasey) Mayr, Bigcone Douglas-fir, Bigcone Spruce

LACo.: From 1351 ft. (412 m.), at Mystic Cyn. (Glendora, north trib. of Big Dalton Cyn.,-added 2011) to 6800 ft. (2073 m.), at Santiago Cyn., s. slope of Pacifico Mt. near summit, Orlando Mistretta, July 11, 1995; Jan., Mar.-Oct., Dec.; abundant in its optimum conditions; all 3 sections

FVS: Apr. 30, 1912, Huron H. Smith, top of Mt. Wilson, 6672 ft. (2034 m.)

SBCo.: From 3802 ft. (1159 m.), at Stoddard Cyn., Arthur C. Gibson, Apr. 30, 1971, to 6196 ft. (1889 m.), at slopes of Mt. Baldy, H. L. Mason, June 15, 1927; Feb.-Aug., Oct.; abundant in its optimum conditions; all 4 sections

FVS: June 1-3, 1900, H.M. Hall, Lytle Creek Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 5697 ft. (1737 m.)



Nymphaeales


Nymphaeceae Water Lily Family

Nymphaea odorata Aiton, Fragrent or American White Waterlily

Native to e. N. America.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: 4 records, all from Lost Lake Sag-pond on the San Andreas Fault, lower end (E.) of Lone Pine Cyn., 2770-2791 ft. (845-851 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tillforth; R.G. Swinney; Pete Lounsbury; Lew Davis; June & Oct.; 1972-2008; 1 pop. in 2008 in n.e. area of lake, R.G. Swinney

FVS: June 29, 1972, R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, San Gab. Mts., Lost Lake (Sag-pond on San Andreas Fault), lower end of Lone Pine Cyn., June 29, 1972, 2770 ft. (845 m.)


Magnoliids


Lauraceae Laurel Family

Umbellularia californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt., California Bay, Pepperwood, California Laurel

[synonyms: U. californica var. californica and U. californica var. fresnensis Eastw.]

LACo.: From 840 ft. (256 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 1.4 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., s. side of rd. at spring, 0.5 miles e. of San Gab. Canyon Inf. Station, on Hwy. 39, R.G. Swinney, Dec. 6, 2008, to 7000 ft. (2134 m.), NNE of Glendora on Glendora Mt. Road, Thomas Eakle, Mar. 25, 1971; Jan-July, Sep.-Dec.; common; montane, cismontane

FVS: June 18, 1901, Ernest Braunton, San Gab. Mts. Region, Laurel Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: From 2500 ft. (762 m.), along road to Mt. Baldy Village, c. 5 miles s. of the Village, David Young, May 10, 1969, to 5599 ft. (1707 m.), at Bear Flats, c. 1.7 miles n. of Mt. Baldy Village, E. Fork of Bear Cyn., R.G. Swinney & Cory Wilson, July 25, 1996; Feb.-July, Sep. Oct.; common; montane, cismontane

FVS: 1910, Auretia S. Harwood, near Mt. Ontario (Upland), 3496 ft. (1066 m.)


Sauruaceae Lizard’s-tail Family

(Ranunculaceae –Buttercup Family)

Anemopsis californica (Nutt.) Hook. & Arn., Yerba Mansa

LACo.: mouth of Sandrock Cr., 0.26 air miles s. of Valyermo Post Office, June 9, 2008, 3729 ft. (1137 m.)

Other records:

Marcus E. Jones, Swartout Valley, Sep. 10, 1924, no elev. given; Henry J. & Mrs. Henry J. Ramsey, Big Pines, Palmdale Rd., June 24, 1937, no elev. given; Gale Sphon, Big Rock Cr., June 27, 1959, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Barrel Springs, San Andreas Rift Zone, July 23, 1967 and Apr. 21, 1973, 2880 ft. (878 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Ft. Tejon Rd., 0.5 miles ESE of 106th Street East, Nov. 18, 1967, 3300 ft. (1006 m.); B.C. Templeton, Shoemaker Cyn., near Valyermo, June 22, 1938, no elev. given; Frank W. Peirson, Rock Cr., June 15, 1919, 4248 ft.

(1295 m.)

FVS: June 15, 1919

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn., Sep. 16, 1967, 3401 ft. (1037 m.); Anonym., Lone Pine., Nov. 11, 1933, 2650 ft. (808 m.)

FVS: Nov. 11, 1933



Ceratophyllales


Ceratophyllaceae Hornwort Family

Ceratophyllum demersum L., Hornwort, Coon’s Tail

LACo.: G.R. Johnstone, near Coldbrook, San Gabriel River above the dam, June 26, 1930, 5497 ft. (1676 m.); 7 records from Crystal Lake from June 19, 1921, F.W. Peirson, to June 25, 1990, T.S. Ross et al.

FVS: June 19, 1921, Crystal Lake, 5497 ft. (1676 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.



Eudicots


Adoxaceae Muskroot Family

(Caprifoliaceae – Honeysuckle Family)

Sambucus nigra L. ssp. cerulea (Raf.) R. Bolli, Blue Elderberry

[synonym:s S. nigra L. ssp. canadensis (L.) R. Bolli and S. mexicana DC. misappl.] Variable, in need of study.

LACo.: From 669 ft. (204 m.), at Duarte, Van Tassel cyn., 1.45 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. at Encanto Dr. on Fish Cyn. Road, R.G. Swinney, Jan. 19, 2009, to 7600 ft. (2316 m.), at Mt. Baden-Powell, Marion P. Harthill, Sep. 25, 1971, and at 7603 ft. (2317 m.) along Angeles Crest Hwy. near Lodgepole Picnic Ground, R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, May 10, 1965; Mar.-Oct; common; all 3 sections

FVS: Apr. 24, 1919, F.W. Peirson, small cyn., e. of Rubio Cyn., 1797 ft. (548 m.)

SBCo.: From 1499 ft. (457 m.) at end of Haven Ave., n. of Chaffy College, D.A. Young, May 25, 1969, to 8849 ft. (2698 m.), s.w. of Telegraph Pk., c. 500 m. from summit, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 11, 1994; Mar., May-Oct.; common; all 4 sections

FVS:


Aizoaceae Fig-Marigold or Iceplant Family

Carpobrotus chilensis (Molina) N.E. Br., Sea Fig

Probably native to s. Africa.

LACo.: Lower Ham Cyn. where it runs through San Dimas Golf Course, just above confl. of San Dimas Wash, Apr. 4, 2008, 1200 ft. (366 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L., Crystalline Icepllant

Native to S. Africa.

LACo.: D.L. Crawford, Upper San Dimas Cyn., May 10, 1916, no elev. given.

SBCo.: No records found.

Sesuvium verrucosum Raf., Western Sea-purslane

LACo.: Haja Parikh. & Nathan Gale, Santa Clara River Valley, Newhall Ranch, along Santa Clara River (SCR-Sce (.1) at and below confl. of Protrero Cyn.,

SBCo.: No records found.


Amaranthaceae Amaranth Family

Amaranthus albus L., Tumbleweed, Prostrate Pigweed

Native to c. N. America.

Often fairly common in disturbed places

LACo.: From 630 ft. (192 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel River Cyn., 0.8 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. on e. side of main river channel, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 13, 2009, to 7200 ft. (2195 m.) at W. Blue Ridge, Big Pines Park, B.C. Templeton, July 21, 1932; Mar., May-Nov; fairly common in disturbed areas in montane & cismontane; rare in transmontane

FVS: Aug. 10, 1919, F.R. Fosberg, Crystal Lake, Pine Flats, N. Fork San Gabriel Cyn., 5248 ft. (1600 m.)

SBCo.: From 2001 ft. (610 m.), at Glen Helen Region Park, marsh to the w. of fishing lakes, R.G. Swinney, Nov. 7, 2008, to 6038 ft. (1841 m.), at Wrightwood at Wright Lake, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 12, 1996; June-Nov.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Sep. 8, 1931, Freda Detmers, Lytle Creek Cyn., no elev. given

Amaranthus blitoides S. Watson, Procumbant Pigweed, Mat Amaranth

Native weed in disturbed places, mostly at lower elevations

LACo.: From 630 ft. (192 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel River Cyn., 0.8 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., on e. side of main river channel, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 13, 2009, to 4750 ft. (1448 m.), at upper Coldbrook Cr., L.C. Wheeler, Nov. 21,

1966; May, July, Sep.-Dec.; uncommon; transmontane at Little Rock Cr., Anstruther Davidson, Oct. 1897, cismontane

FVS: Oct. 1897, Anstruther Davidson, Little Rock Cr.

SBCo.: Cajon Wash, c. 300 meters w. of jct. of Cajon Rd. & Kenwood Ave., June 22, 1993, 2270 ft. (692 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne& J. Dourley, Lost Lake, in San Andreas Fault, Oct. 10, 1967, 2750 ft. (838 m.); P.H. Raven, Lost Lake, Lone Pine Cyn., Sep. 17, 1961, 2750 ft.

(838 m.)

FVS: Sep. 17, 1961

Amaranthus californicus (Moq.) S. Watson, California (n) Amaranth

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Little Rock Reservoir, Sep. 6, 1966, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., Sep. 10, 1950, 1425 ft. (434 m.); F.W. Peirson, along Mescal Cr., near Big Pines, July 6, 1922, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Little Rock Res., Sep. 6, 1966, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, Big Pines, July 6, 1922, 6796 ft. (2072 m.)

FVS: July 6, 1922

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Grapevine Cyn., off Lytle Cr., Nov. 4, 1967, 4500 ft.

(1372 m.); R.F. Thorne, Larry E. Buhr. et al., below water tank above San Sevaine Rd. at Grapevine Spring, Oct. 13, 1972

FVS: July 2, 1967, R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, above Baldy Village, San Antonio Cyn., 4450 ft. (1356 m.)

Amaranthus deflexus L., Largefruit Amaranth

Native to S. America, Europe & Asia

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, 2 miles n.e. of LaVerne, along roadside, Aug. 31, 1931, 1250 ft. (380 m.) (at s. boundary of San Gab. Mts.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Amaranthus hybridus L., Smooth Pigweed, Green Amaranth, Prince of Wales Feather

Native to e. N. America.

[synonyms: A. hybridus L. ssp. cruentus (L.) Thell and A. paniculatus L. and A. cruentus L.]

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, upper Coldbrook Cr., Sep. 21, 1966, 4750 ft. (1448 m.);

L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn. Rd. & Sand Cyn., Aug. 13, 1967, 1425 ft. (434 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Little Tujunga Cyn. at Marek Cyn., July 11, 1967, no elev. given; records by L.C. Wheeler at Brooks Ranch and Waldo Wards Grove in Azusa, are from irrigated areas

FVS: Sep. 21, 1966, L.C. Wheeler, upper Coldbrook Cr., 4750 ft. (1448 m.)

SBCo.: Robert F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, San Antonio Cyn., Chapman Ranch above Mt. Baldy Village, July 2, 1967, 4448 ft. (1356 m.) This entry was reported under the synonym A. cruentus, which includes the synonym A. cruentes ssp. cruentus. This could possibly be recognized as a separate taxa not listed in TJM 2012.

Amaranthus palmeri S. Watson, Carelessweed

LACo.: Seven records by L.C. Wheeler, all in irrigated areas

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Glen Helen Park, Cajon Cyn., Oct. 12, 1969, no elelv. given

Amaranthus powellii S. Watson, Powell’s Amaranth

Native to s. U.S. & adj. Mexico.

LACo.: Record by L.C. Wheeler at Waldo Wards Grove in San Gabriel Cyn., is in irrigated area

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Glen Helen Park, Cajon Cyn., Oct. 12, 1969, no elev. given

Amaranthus retroflexus L., Redroot Pigwee or Amaranth

Native to c. & e. N. America.

Uncommon weed in disturbed areas, mostly near residential areas

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn. Wilderness Park, Big Dalton Cyn., June 30, 1939, 1404 ft. (428 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, 0.2 mi. inside mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., Nov. 9, 1968, 760 ft.

(232 m.); L.C. Wheeler, San Gabriel Cyn., at Water Cyn., along w. side of Morris Resevoir, Oct. 5, 1968, 1250 ft. (381 m.);; L.C. Wheeler, head of Los Pinetos Cyn., Aug. 20, 1968, 3600 ft. (1097 m.); L.C. Wheeler, upper Coldbrook Cr., Sep. 21, 1966, 4750 ft. (1448 m.)

FVS: Sep. 21, 1966

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne, Lytle Cr. Ranger Station, at margin of lawn, July 7, 1971,

2719 ft. (829 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Glen Helen Park, Cajon Cyn., Oct. 12, 1969, no elev. given

FVS: Oct. 12, 1969


Anacardiaceae Sumac or Cashew Family

Malosma laurina Nutt. ex Abrams, Laurel-leaf Sumac, Laurel Sumac

s.w. CA & Baja CA, Mex.

Cismontane foothill slopes, distribution limited by succeptibility to frost, mostly below 3000 ft.; Potato Mt., 3422 ft.

LACo.: From 970 ft. (296 m.), at El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, R.G. Swinney, June 12, 2009, to 4500 ft. (1372 m.) at San Antonio Cyn., 1.5 mi. above second tunnel at Mt. Rd. turnoff, on w. side of river above cyn., Fred Brooks, May 7, 1988; May-July; Common; cismontane

FVS: June, 1901, George B. Grant, Sturdevant’s Camp Tr.

SBCo.: Adrian Wolf, Etiwanda, alluvial slope s. of the mts., north of Hwy. 30, & just e. of Day Cr., May, 9, 1997, 1699 ft. (518 m.) (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Pistacia vera L., Pistachio

Native to Iran.

LACo.: Justin M. Wood, Beartrap Cyn. at confl. w/Aliso Cyn., Nov. 21, 2008, 3349 ft. (1021 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Rhus aromatica Aiton, Skunk, Fragrent Sumac

(synonym: R. trilobata Nutt. & all subtaxa) Three synonym vars. are listed below and indented.

LACo.: From 1204 ft. (367 m.), at Glendora, n. of Sierra Madre Ave., w. of Church of the Open Door, R.G. Swinney, July 14, 1989, to 6189 ft. (1887m.), at Granite Mountain, southeasterly slope, T.S. Ross, Aug. 14, 1991 (he collected another speciman here at 6280 ft. (1915 m.), det. as Rhus trilobata var. quinata; Mar.-May, July, Aug.; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: Mar. 22, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Claremont, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

SBCo.: From 1998 ft. (609 m.), at Cajon Pass, H.M. Hall, Apr. 27, 1906, to

5159 ft. (1573 m.), at Phelan Pk., Baldy Mesa, s. of Phelan, R.G. Swinney, June 1, 1996; Mar.-July, Nov.; uncommon, all 4 sections

FVS: Apr. 27, 1906

Synonym: Rhus trilobata Nutt. var. anisophylla (Greene) Jeps., Skunkbush Sumac

LACo.: Michael C. Long, Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, 0.5 mi. n. of parking area, May 19, 1974, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Synonym: Rhus trilobata Nutt. var. pilosissima Engelm., Pubescent Skunkbrush Sumac

[synonym: Rhus trilobata Nutt. var. malacophylla (Greene) Munz]

LACo.: Gary D. Cromwell & David Wheat, Mystic Cyn., 2 miles n.e. of Glendora, May 14, 1971, 2050 ft. (625 m.)

SBCo.: F.W. Peirson, summit of Cajon Pass, May 30, 1921, 3800 ft. (1159 m.); S.B. Parish, Lytle Cr., June 29, 1909, no elev. given;

FVS: June 29, 1909

Synonym: Rhus trilobata Nutt. var. quinata (Greene) Jeps., Skunkbrush Sumac

LACo.: T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, Doe Flat and imm. vicinity, between Graveyard Cyn. & E. Fk. of Susanna Cyn., draining to the lower E. Fork San Gabriel River, Apr. 25, 1991, 2760-2840 ft. (841-866 m.); T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd. et al., Upper Big Tujunga Cyn.: ridge & slopes descending +/- ENE from THORN Triangulation Pt. 5499 ft., toward Big Tujunga Cr. (c. 0.6-1.6 air-miles ENE of Barley Flats), June 8, 1990, 4100-5097 ft. (1250-1554 m.); T.S. Ross, Granite Mt., Aug. 14, 1991, 6280 ft. (1915 m.); T.S. Ross, Big Tujunga Cyn., 310 meters e. of where Coldwater Cyn. meets Big Tujunga Cr., e. side of road to Colby Ranch, July 10, 1992, 3160 ft. (963 m.); A.D.E. Elmer, Acton, Mt. Gleason, June 1902, no elev. given

FVS: June, 1902

SBCo.: c. 0.8 miles s. of jct. of Sharpless Ranch & Lone Pine Cyn. Rd., at FS Rd. 3N29, June 11, 1994, 4280 ft. (1305 m.)

Other records:

T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, “Epipactis Cyn.”, unnamed cyn. draining ENE to Lone Pine Cyn., originating near e. end of Upper Lytle Cr. Ridge (Sheep Cr. Truck Rd., 2N56 drops n.e. ward through lower half of this cyn.), June 18, 1990,

3380-3480 ft. (1030 m.); I.M. Johnston, Day Cyn., upper Sonoran Zone, July 15, 1917, 2750 ft. (838 m.)

FVS: July 15, 1917

Rhus integrifolia (Nutt.) W.H. Brewer & S. Watson, Lemonadeberry, Lemonade Sumac

s.w. CA & Baja CA, Mex.; Hybridizes with R. ovata S. Watson.

LACo.: Abundant near mouth of San Gabriel River, completely absent in some areas, blooming in lower regions by late December

From 590 ft. (180 m.), at San Gabriel River Channel, n.e. of Huntington Dr., Lario San Gabriel River Trail Park, e. of bike path on 2nd. bank, to 3000-3070 ft.

(915 m.), at head of Los Pinetos Saddle & Los Pinetos Spring, T.S. Ross & Walter Appleby, May 30, 1993; (record of 152 m. in Glendora, by Donald W. Harshberger, is s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary); Jan.-June; fairly common; cismontane

FVS: Sep. 1917, Mrs. S. Earle Kelley, Mt. Wilson, no elev. given

SBCo.: Adrian Wolf, alluvial slope s. of mts., n. or Hwy. 30 & just E. of Day Cr.,, Etiwanda Wash, May 9, 1997, 1699 ft. (518 m.) (may be south of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Rhus lancea L. f., Karee, African Sumac

[Searsia lancea (L.f) F.H. Barkley]

Native to s. Africa

LACo.: John F. Green, Arroyo Seco, Pasadena, c. 1 mile n. of Jet Prop. Lab., transect three, July 17, 2003, 1401 ft. (427 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Rhus ovata S. Watson, Sugar Bush, Sugar Sumac

Hybridizes with R. integrifolia.

Mostly below 4000 ft. in cismontane areas, often blooming in lower areas by early December, as at the mouth of San Gabriel River; Ralston Pk. at 4540 ft.; Pine Mt., n. of Azusa, 4539 ft.; Dime Canyon, 2200 ft. (671 m.)

LACo.: From 689 ft. (210 m.), at Azusa, San Gabriel River Cyn., 1.6 miles n. of Foothill Blvd at El Encanto Dr., at confl. with Fish Cyn., R.G. Swinney, Nov. 30, 2008, to 4297 ft. (1310 m.), at divide between E. Fk. San Dimas & San Gabnriel Cyn., 1 mile w. of 4350 Climate Station 35, Jerome Horton, July 18, 1935; Mar.- Aug., Nov.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: June 28, 1902, Marcus E. Jones, near Pasadena, San Gab. Mts.

SBCo.: Ralston Pk., on s. end of ridge, May 23, 1998, 4379 ft. (1335 m.)

Other records:

David Grauer, 12.4 miles n. of I-10 Frwy. on Mt. Ave., Apr. 9, 1991, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne & Lindsay Smith, Lone Pine Cyn., c. 5 miles s.e. of Wrightwood, May 28, 1966, c. 3200 ft. (975 m.); J.W. Tilden, by wash of San Antonio River, near Camp Baldy, May 22, 1959, no elev. given

FVS: May 22, 1959

Rhus viminalis Aiton, White Karree

Native to Africa.

LACo.: LC. Wheeler, on Angeles Forest Hwy., just n. of jct. with Big Tujunga Cyn. Road, June 1, 1969, 3378 ft. (1005 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Schinus molle L. Peruvian Pepper Tree

Native to S. America.

LACo.: Mouth of San Gabriel Cyn. between Foothill Blvd. & I-210 Frwy., c. 300 meters e. of main channel, Dec. 2, 1908, 541 ft. (165 m.) (5 trees s. of Foothill Blvd., 2 trees n. of Foothill Blvd. on e. side of river channel, blooming by Dec.

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., Jan 28, 1933, 1275 ft. (389 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Live Oak Wash near LaVerne, Oct. 22, 1932, no elev. given; LC. Wheeler, San Antonio Cyn., Sep. 8, 1932, 2001 ft. (610 m.); L.C. Wheeler, w. side of mouth of Big Santa Anita Cyn., Dec. 21, 1933, no elev. given; D. Roche, Camp Baldy Rd., 1.1 mi. from jct. of Mills Ave. & Mount Baldy Rd., n. side of rd., May 30, 1998,

1840 ft. (561 m.);; Scott D. White, Big Tujunga Wash; Sunland-Tujunga Area, alluvial fan below San Gab. Mts., s.w. of I-210 Fwy., e. of Hansen Dam & n. of Wentworth St., May 7, 1997, 1050 ft. (320 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Thompson Wash, near LaVerne, Sep. 6, 1932, 1225 ft. (373 m.)

FVS: Sep. 6, 1932

SBCo.: No records, unless either of those by L.C. Wheeler or D. Roche were on the e. side of the county line that runs through San Antonio Cyn.

Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi, Brazilian Pepper Tree

Native to S. America.

LACo.: mouth of San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, c. ____meters n. of I-210 Fwy. in main wash channel on the w. side of the wash,_____________

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Toxicodendron diversilobum (Torr. & A. Gray) Greene, (Western) Pacific Poison Oak

LACo.:

Ccsmontane records:

From 1000 ft. (305 m.), mouth of San Gabriel River at El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 10, 2009, to 4697 ft. (1432 m.), at Pacoima Cyn., upstream from Chimney Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, Aug. 30, 1970; Feb.- June, Aug., Sep.; abundant;

transmontane records:

Lower Sandrock Cr., 1.2 miles SSW of Valyermo Post Office, June 9, 2008, 3841 ft. (1171 m.); Little Rock Cr., 0.2 miles n. of Little Rock Reservoir, Sep. 9, 2008, 3148 ft. (960 m.)

Other transmontane records: None found.

FVS: Apr. 15, 1916, Fred Cox, mts. above Claremont

SBCo.: Very few records available, most likely due to its toxic properties. Abundant in cismontane areas.

Frankish Pk., e. of San Antonio Cyn., Apr. 15, 1996, 4000 ft. (1220 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn. Wash, Sep 16, 1967, 3000 ft. (915 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Middle Fk. Lytle Cr., July 12, 1968, (1341 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr., Miller Narrows, July 13, 1967, no elev. given

FVS: July 13, 1967


Apiaceae Carrot Family

Ammi majus L., Large Bullwort

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.:.: Dave Goodward, Cajon Pass area, Sheep Cr. Truck Trail, c. 0.4 miles s.w. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., Aug. 9, 2010, 3260 ft. (994 m.)

Angelica tomentosa S. Watson, Woolly Angelica

LACo.: with Dave Larson, SDEF, e. half of Brown’s Flat, marginal areas, July 17, 1996, 4350 ft. (1326 m.) (3 additional records from Brown’s Flat from 1918-1936)

Other records:

F.W. Peirson, Cow Cyn., San Gabriel River, July 19, 1921, 2998 ft. (914 m.);

I.M. Johnston, near Browns Flat, Sep. 1, 1918, 4297 ft. (1310 m.)

FVS: Sep. 1, 1918

SBCo.: From 2500 ft. (762 m.), at trib. to Lytle Cr. Cyn., near mouth, R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, June 26, 1969, to 5550 ft. (1692 m.), at San Sevaine Flat on San Sevaine (Big Tree Truck) Rd., Oct. 17, 1992 also L.C. Wheeler on Nov. 4, 1967 at 5500 ft. ( at San Sevaine Well); June-Aug., Oct., Nov.; Rare; near montane at San Sevaine Flats, cismontane

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, C. W. Tilforth, et al., San Sevaine Cow Camp, June 29, 1972,

4756 ft. (1450 m.); Robert F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., Grapevine Spring, July 7, 1971, 4297 ft. (1310 m.) also, Naomi Fraga, Sarah J. DeGroot, et al., near Grapevine Spring, along rd. 1N34, June 30, 2004, 3500 ft. (1067 m.); L.C. Wheeler, divide between Cucamonga Cyn., & Stoddard Cyn., June 16, 1968, 3500 ft. (1067 m.); saddle n.e. of Frankish Pk., at rd. jct., n. of Upland, R.G. Swinney, June 8, 1996, 3500 ft. (1067 m.); I.M. Johnston, W. Fk. Cucamonga Cyn., July 22, 1918, 2998 ft. (914 m.)

FVS: July 22, 1918

Anthriscus caucalis M. Bieb., Bur Chervil

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: From 554 ft. (169 m.), at Azusa/Irwindale, between the I-210 Fwy. & Foothill Blvd. on w. side of San Gabreil River Channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 7, 2009, to 4080 ft. (1244 m.), at Glen Ridge Rd., steep n. slope overlooking Coldwater Cyn. to the north, T.S. Ross, May 8, 1992; Mar.-June; Fairly Common in shaded cyn. bottoms and n.-facing slopes; cismontane

FVS: May 13, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, El Encanto, 850 ft. (259 m.)

SBCo.: E. of Cucamonga Cyn., on FS Rd. 1N35, 0.4 miles n.e. of sign at entrance of mtwy. at gate, Apr. 30, 1994, 2788 ft. (850 m.); E. Fk. San Sevaine Cyn., 100 m. downstream of first major waterfall, c. 1 mi. due s. of Grapevine Springs, Apr. 4, 1997, 2650 ft. (808 m.)

Other records:

James Henrickson, lower Lytle Cr. Wash, c. 2-4 miles n. of I-15 Frwy., May 10, 1958, 2800 ft. (854 m.)

FVS: May 10, 1958

Apiastrum angustifolium Nutt., Wild Celery, Mock Parsley

LACo.: Jerome S. Horton, 1/4 miles s.e. of San Dimas Reservoir, SDEF, May 16, 1939, 1499 ft. (457 m.); Samuel R. Tyson, San Dimas Cyn., May 29, 1942, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, Hills e. of Monrovia Cyn., May 18, 1919, 1500 ft.

(457 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Henniger Flats, May 26, 1918, 2847 ft. (868 m.); Louis Greata, near Eaton Cyn., March 1901, no elev. given

FVS: Sep. 1890, Anstruther Davidson, San Gab. Mts., foothills, Los Angeles (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: 0.9 mi. e. of Lytle Creek near USFS Sycamore Station, 210 m. north of Glen Helen Pkwy., June 11, 1994, 2070 ft. (630 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Glen Helen Regional Park, n.w. end of Muscupiabe, May 9, 1968, 2040 ft. (622 m.); B. Pitzer, Cajon Pass area, mouth of Lone Pine Cyn., Swarthout Cyn. Rd., c. 1.8 rd. miles s. of Cleghorn Rd., w. of I-215 Frwy., where RR tracks cross rd. for first time, c. 0.4 rd. miles s.w. of jct. of Cajon Blvd. & Swarthout Cyn. Rd., May 5, 1995, 2749 ft. (838 m.); Karlin G. Marsh, upper E. Etiwanda Cr., Apr. 27, 1983, no elev. given

FVS: May 9, 1968

Apium graveolens L., Wild Celery

Native to Eurasia.

Rare escape in marshy areas in water or at water’s edge, native to Eurasia

LACo.: SDEF, 1988, Occasional in moist areas in SDEF; Scott D. White, San Dimas Cyn. along San Dimas Cyn. Rd., July 14, 1994, 1299 ft. (396 m.); L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., Oct. 14, 1933, 1750 ft. (534 m.); Paul Neipp, directly n. of San Dimas Ranger Station on San Dimas Cyn. Road, May 19, 1994, no elev. given

FVS: June 21, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Claremont, 1197 ft. (365 m.) (just s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: Springs at confl. of Cajon Wash & Lone Pine Cyn., between e. & w. RR tracks, Aug. 12, 1996, 2640 ft. (805 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn., Nov. 11, 1933, 2650 ft. (808 m.)

FVS: Nov. 11, 1933

Berula erecta (Huds.) Coville, Cutleaf Waterparsnip

Native to Eurasia, Africa. Possibly Toxic, possibly poisonous to livestock.

Rare in marshy areas, native to Eurasia

LACo.: El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park on e. side of channel, at confl. with outlet from pond/spring, just downstream from Hwy. 39 bridge, in shallow water, May 8, 2009, 1000 ft. (305 m.)

Other records: R.F. Thorne, 0.7 miles w. of Soledad Station, Soledad Cyn., wet, sandy flat along Santa Clara River, June 17, 1971, c. 2000 ft. (610 m.); LeRoy Gross, Tujunga Ponds: w. of 210 Frwy. in Big Tujunga Wash, City of Sunland, Sep. 20, 1998, 1200 ft. (365 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Big Tujunga Cyn., near Doske Rd., Oct. 1, 1968, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Soledad Cyn., Santa Clara River, Sep. 21, 1968, 1740 ft. (530 m.)

FVS: Sep. 21, 1968

SBCo.: Cajon Wash, 0.25 miles s. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd. & the jct. with Cajon Wash, Oct. 17, 1992, 2690 ft. (820 m.); Glen Helen Regional Park, Oct. 9, 1994, 2000 ft. (610 m.)

Other records:

P.H. Raven, Cajon Cyn., below Cajon Station at Cajon Campground, Sep. 17, 1961, 2600 ft. (793 m.); R.F. Thorne, Larry E. DeBuhr, et al., due s. of Lost Lake and near Blue Cut, Oct. 13, 1972, 2647 ft. (807 m.), also Scott D. White, May 13, 1997, 2601 ft. (793 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Miller Narrow, Lytle Cr., Sep 7, 1967, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Glen Ranch, Lytle Cr., Oct. 27, 1951, 3250 ft. (991 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn., Nov. 11, 1933, 2650 ft. (808 m.)

FVS: Nov. 11, 1933

Bowlesia incana Ruiz & Pav., Hoary Bowlesia

LACo.: Glendora, Toyon Nature Trail in the South Hills Wilderness Area of South Hills, Apr. 12, 1993, 1004 ft. (306 m.) (just s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Other records:

San Dimas, Lone Hill, P.A. Munz, L.T. Street, et. al., Apr. 19, 1919 (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary); L.C. Wheeler, e. side of Little Tujunga Cyn., 0.75 miles SSE of Herreres Ranch, May 4, 1969, 1801 ft. (549 m.); L.C. Wheeler, LaVerne/Claremont, W. Live Oak Cyn., Apr. 15, 1933, 1600 ft. (488 m.);

FVS: Apr. 15, 1933 [Apr. 19, 1919 (listed above) is possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary]

SBCo.: No records found.

Conium maculatum L., Poison Hemlock

Native to Europe.

Rare, but may be abundant at each location, native to Europe

LACo.: lower Ham Cyn., where it runs through San Dimas Golf Course, just above confl. with San Dimas Wash, Apr. 4, 2008, 1200 ft. (366 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, San Anita Cyn. at W. Fork, Sep. 10, 1933, 1950 ft. (595 m.)

FVS: Sep. 10, 1933

SBCo.: n.e. of Mt. Baldy Village , at Mt. Baldy Rd., on s. side of rd. at Chapman Ranch, July 1, 1994, 4461 ft. (1360 m.)

Other records:

Scott D. White & Michael Honer, along San Antonio Cr., between Mt. Baldy (town) & Icehouse Cyn., June 29, 2004, 4198 ft. (1280 m.); F.W. Peirson, Lytle Cr., May 18, 1920, 3500 ft. (1067 m.)

FVS: May 18, 1920

Cyclospermum leptophyllum (Pers.) Sprague ex Britton & P. Wilson, Marsh Parsley

+/- worldwide, warm temperatures.

LACo.: Azusa/Duarte, San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, 0.4-1 mile n. (upstream) of Puento Largo (Railway-added 2010) Bridge, Apr. 21, 2009, 630 ft. (192 m.); Azusa/Duarte, San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, 0.9-1.5 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., Apr. 21, 2009, 630 ft. (192 m.); confl. of Van Tassel & San Gabriel Cyns., 1.3 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., Azusa/Duarte, Apr. 16, 2009, 600 ft. (183 m.)

Other records:

at least 2 records in the San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, s. of the E.San Gabriel Mts. boundary by Andrew C. Sanders

FVS: Apr. 16, 2009

SBCo.: No records found.

Daucus carota L., Queen Anne’s Lace

Native to Europe, occasioinalyy hybridizing with cultivars.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Lone Pine Cyn., c. 0,6-1.2 miles s.w. of Lost Lake on s. side of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., near Lone Pine Cyn. stream, Oct. 19, 1994, 2880 ft. (875 m.); Sheep Cr., Sheep Cr. Truck Rd., 0.5 miles n. of jct. of FS Rds. 3N31 & 2N56, Lytle Cr. Divide, July 29, 1994, 3400 ft. (1037 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: July 29, 1994

Daucus pusillus Michx., Rattlesnake Weed, American Wild Carrot

LACo.: From 554 ft. (169 m.), Azusa/Irwindale, between the I-210 Fwy. & Foothill Blvd. on w. side of San Gabriel River Channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 7, 2009, to 4500 ft. (1372 m.), at Cow Cyn. Divide, San Antonio Cr. region, F.W. Peirson, June 7, 1919; Apr.-June; uncommon; transmontane at Littlerock Cr., slopes on e. side of cyn., s. of jct. of FS Roads 4N15 and 5N04.3, Orlanto Mistretta, June 6, 1994, 4300 ft. (1311 m.), cismontane

FVS: June 7, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Cow Cyn. Divide, 4500 ft. (1371 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Foeniculum vulgare Mill., Sweet Fennel

Native to s. Europe.

LACo.: From 975 ft. (297 m.), at w. side of San Gabriel Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, Oct. 26, 1946, to 4999 ft. (1524 m.), at Angeles Crest Hwy., 1/5 mi. from Mt. Sally Summit, T.S. Ross, Aug. 16, 1991; Aug.-Oct. Uncommon, abundant in many of the lower elevations to the south of the San Gab. Mts. boudary, such as in the South Hils of Glendora; cismontane

FVS: Aug. 14, 1933, San Dimas Cyn., 1650 ft. (502 m.)

SBCo.: n.w. of Aplewhite FS Station in Lytle Cr. Cyn., c. 300 meters n. of Lytle Cr., along Sheep Cr., at Debris Basin, June 25, 1992, 3478 ft. (1060 m.)

Other records: None found found.

Lomatium dasycarpum (Torr. & A. Gray) J.M. Coult. & Rose, Woolly-fruited Lomatium, Woollyfruit Desertparsley

LACo.: Glendora, Lower Monroe Mtwy & Mystic Cyn. Trail jct., May 7, 1994, 1800 ft. (549 m.); Carr Cyn., 0.4-1.5 miles s.e. of Mt. Emma Rd., upper S. Fork of Carr Cyn., May 6, 2009, 3159 ft. (963 m.)

Other records:

Cromwell & Wheat, 2 mi. n.e. of Glendora (Mystic Canyon, s. of fire break) Apr. 21, 1971, 1824 ft. (556 m.), before construction of Mystic Cyn. Tr.; E. Crow, Glendora Foothills, Feb. 10, 1929; Cromwell & Wheat made 2 different numbered voucher specimens from the above location & date. One was labeled ssp. dasycarpum and the other showed no spp. ranking. Both specimens are therefore most likely ssp. dasycarpum, which means the specimen collected by Swinney at the same location is most likely also ssp. dasycarpum.

FVS: Apr. 21, 1971

SBCo.: No records found.

Lomatium dasycarpum (Torrey & A. Gray) J. Coulter & Rose ssp. dasycarpum, Woollyfruit Desertparsley

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: Fred Cox, Mountains above Claremont, Apr. 14, 1916, no elev. given;

J. Olmstead, n. of Claremont, ).5 mi. north of Johnston’s pasture, Apr. 15, 1959, no elev. given; Robert Thorne, Johnston’s Pasture, Mar. 31, 1971; L.C. Wheeler, LaVerne/Claremont, Live Oak Cyn., Apr 15, 1934, 1600 ft. (488 m.); LeRoyGross & Valerie Soza, San Dimas, w. slope of unnamed peak off of Sycamore Cyn. Mtwy., May 11, 1999, 2240 ft. (683 m.); Frank W. Peirson, foot of Lukeys (Lukens-added 2011) Pk. Trail, Mar. 27, 1919, 1899 ft. (579 m.); P.A. Munz, Claremont, Palmer’s Cyn., May 26, 1918, no elev. given; James Henrickson, c. 1 mile s.e. of Newhall in Whitney Cyn., s.e. of Jct. of San Fernando Rd. & State Hwy. 14, c. 1/2 mile e. of Hwy. 14, Apr. 15, 2000, 1600 ft. (488 m.)

FVS: Mar. 25, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, San Dimas (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary, not listed above)

SBCo.: No records found.

Lomatium dissectum (Nutt.) Mathias & Constance var. multifidum (Nutt.) Mathias & Constance, Fern-leaved Lomatium, Carrotleaf Biscuitroot

LACo.: n.w. of Wrightwood at E. Table Mountain Peak, 7400 ft. (2256 m.), May 15, 1993

Other records: F.W. Peirson, Aliso Cr. at Tie Cyn., June 30, 1929, 4451 ft.

(1357 m.)

Swarthout Valley/Wrightwood Area:

R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, above small stream, 1.5 milesw w. of Wrightwood, July 10, 1969, 6396 ft. (1950 m.); F.W. Peirson, Swartout Valley Region, Big Pines, July 6, 1922, 6799 ft. (2073 m.); S. Zona, D. Arias, et. al., Mt. High Ski Resort w. of Wrightwood, June 28, 1989, no elev. given; Orlando Mistretta & R.T. Hawke, Blue Ridge Tr., c. 1/4 mile from trail lead at pines, June 29, 1995, 6800 ft. (2072 m.); P.A. Munz, Swartout Valley, June 17, 1921, 6796 ft. (2072 m.)

FVS: June 17, 1921

SBCo.: Upper Lytle Creek Divide, 5400 ft. (1646 m.), July 2, 1998

Other records:

Lytle Creek/Coldwater Canyon Confluence:

F.W. Peirson,Coldwater Cyn., May 19, 1920, 5497 ft. (1676 m.); I.M. Johnston, Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Cr., July 7, 1918, 5500 ft. (1677 m.); H.M. Hall, Lytle Cr. Cyn., June 1-3, 1900 , 4995 ft. (1523 m.)

FVS: June 1-3, 1900

Lomatium lucidum (Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray) Jeps., Shiny Lomatium, Shiny Biscuitroot

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1000 ft. (305 m.), at Fish Cyn., R.F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, May 22, 1971, to 4500 ft. (1372 m.), at Evey Canon, I.M. Johnston, July 1, 1917; Apr.-July, uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Apr. 4, 1890, H.E. Hasse, San Gab. Mts., brush, foothills of Sierra Madre

SBCo.: From 2040 ft. (622 m.), at e. side of mouth Lytle Cr. Cyn., FS Rd. 1N32, c. 0.25 miles n. of Devore Rd., R.G. Swinney, Mar. 8, 1993, to 4995 ft. (1523 m.), at Lytle Cr. Cyn., H.M. Hall, June 1-3, 1900; Mar.-June; rare; 1 record at

montane, cismontane

FVS: June 1-3, 1900

Lomatium mohavense (J.M. Coult. & Rose) J.M. Coult. & Rose, Mojave Desertparsley

No subtaxa recog. by Jepson-2012. Two ssp. of uncertain status listed below and indented.

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 2690 ft. (820 m.), at c. 0.6 mile s. of Acton, along Soledad Cyn. Rd., low e. to s.e. extending ridge, Mar. 16, 2005, to 6380 ft. (1945 m.), at Pinyon Ridge, 4.4 miles n. of Hwy. 2 at Vincent Gap, at Pinyon Ridge Mtwy., R.G. Swinney, June 17, 2008; Mar.-June; fairly common; transmontane

FVS: 1907, Anstruther Davidson, by Rock Creek, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 3896 ft. (1188 m.), at N. Cajon Summit, Anne M. Alexander & Louise Kellogg, Apr. 19, 1941, to 5114 ft. (1559 m.), at Pinon Hills, Boneyard Pk., e. of Boneyard Cyn., R.G. Swinney, May 8, 1999; Apr.-June; uncommon; transmontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: May 16, 1903, Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, 3802 ft. (1159 m.)

Synonym: +Lomatium mohavense (J.M. Coult. & Rose) J.M. Coult. & Rose ssp. longilobum W.L. Theobald, Mojave Desert Parsley

LACo.: Darley Howe, 2 miles n.w. of Devils Punchbowl, Apr. 30, 1979, 4704 ft. (1434 m.); LeRoy Gross, ridgeline to Mt. Emma & Cyn. s. of this ridge, w. from Mt. Emma (n.w. trending ridge, lower part of ridge line starts to turn s.w.) e. of Mt. Emma Rd., Apr. 28, 2005, 4051 ft. (1235 m.); Vasu Dev. & Barbara Dev, ridge w. of road, c. 0.6 miles s. of Acton, Mar. 30, 2001, no elev. given

FVS: Apr. 30, 1979,

SBCo.: No records found.

Synonym: Lomatium mohavense (J.M. Coult. & Rose) J.M. Coult. & Rose ssp. mohavense, Mojave Desertparsley

LACo.: T.S. Ross, S. D. Boyd, et al., Pinyon Ridge, w. half of ridge, between upper Little Rock Cr., & San Andreas Rift Zone, June 22, 1990, 5600-6400 ft. (1707 m.); Darley Howe, 2 miles n.w. of Devil’s Punchbowl, Apr. 30, 1979,

4704 ft. (1434 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Divide between Punchbowl Cyn. & Watkins, Cr. at end of rd. & beginning of Burkhart Trail, May 12, 1968, 5200 ft. (1585 m.); T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, Ball Flat, 1500 m. due n. of Jackson Lake, June 18, 1990, 5720-5800 ft. (1744 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Little Rock Cr., e. slopes of canyon w. of Basin Campground, May 11, 1994, 4400 ft. 1341 m.); R.F. Thorne & G. Wallace, 1/4 miles n. of Bob’s Gap, 3.5 miles s. of LLano, N. slope of Holcomb Ridge, Apr. 25, 1973, 3800-3900 ft. (1159 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Santiago Cyn., w. slopes of drainage near confl. with Little Rock Cr., Apr. 15, 1994, 3400 ft. (1036 m.); R.F. Thorne, R. Corolini, et al., Grandview Cyn., n. of Mile High Ranch, Mar. 23, 1967, 4500 ft. (1372 m.)

FVS: Mar. 23, 1967

SBCo.: F.W. Peirson, San Bernardino Mts. Region, old rd. though Cajon Pass,, May 12, 1922, 3600 ft. (1098 m.) (possibly e. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Lomatium nevadense (S. Watson) J.M. Coult. & Rose, Nevada Lomatium, Nevada Biscuitroot

Vars. poorly defined.

LACo.: ridge w. of Jackson Flats, 0.4 miles n.w. of Hwy. 2 at Vincent Gap on Pinyon Ridge Mtwy., 100 meters e. of jct. of FS Rds. 4N12 & 3N26, June 17, 2008, 7085 ft. (2160 m.); Grassy Hollow, e. of Jackson Flats, on ridge c. 200 meters n. of entrance to Grassy Hollow Cmpgrd., July 6, 1998, 7200 ft.

(2195 m.); high point of E. Table Mt., Wrightwood Area, July 2, 1998, 7400 ft. (2256 m.); s. of Pinon Hills, c. 0.5 miles n.e. of Table Mt., summit of ridge just w. of co. line, June 13, 1997, 6799 ft. (2073 m.); E. of Table Mt. & n.w. of Wright Ridge, May 27, 1996, 7387 ft. (2252 m.); Carr Cyn., 0.4-1.5 miles s.e. of Mt. Emma Rd., upper S. Fork Carr Cyn., May 6, 2009, 3159 ft. (963 m.)

Other records:

B.C. Templeton, Jackson Lake, May 31, 1932, 5799 ft. (1768 m.); R. Hoffman, Big Rock Cr., May 21, 1929, no elev. given

FVS: May 21, 1929

SBCo.: Blue Ridge,Guffy Cmpgd.; Upper Lytle Creek Divide w. of Goblers Knob & on n.-facing slope s. of Lone Pine Cyn.; Chalk Pk. w. of Lytle Creek; 5560-8100 ft. (1695-2477 m.), May-June

Other records: Soza & Gross, N. slopes of Devil’s Backbone, May 29, 2001; P.A. Munz, Swarthout Valley, Apr. 17, 1921; Thorne & Tilforth, W. Table Mt. Summit, June 29, 1972; F.W. Peirson, Coldwater Cyn., May 19, 1920; 5501-7501 ft. (1677-2287 m.)

FVS: May 19, 1920

Lomatium nevadense (S. Watson) J. Coulter & Rose var. parishii (J.M. Coult. & Rose) Jeps., Parish’s Biscuitroot

LACo.: From 3802 ft. (1159 m.), along Mt. Emma Rd.: 1.9 miles w. of Little Rock Cr. & below the dam., May 11, 1973, to 7600 ft. (2317 m.), at Blue Ridge near Swarthout Valley, F.W. Peirson, July 6, 1922; Mar.-May, July; fairly common; transmontane, montane

FVS: June 14, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Rock Creek Cyn., 5596 ft. (1706 m.)

SBCo.: From 5497 ft. (1676 m.), at Lytle Cr., H.M. Hall, June 1-3, 1901, to

7500 ft. (2287 m.), at summit of Table Mt., above Big Pines, R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, June 29, 1972 and P.A. Munz, Swartout Valley, Apr. 17, 1921; Apr.-June; fairly common; transmontane, montane

FVS: June 1-3, 1900

Lomatium utriculatum ((Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray) J.M. Coult. & Rose, Spring Gold, Common Lomatium

LACo.: R.F. Thorne, Claremont, Johnson’s Pastures, 1800 ft. (548 m.), Mar. 31, 1971, 1800 ft. (548 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Glendora, Bluebird Truckroad, May 3, 1969, 2350 ft., (716 m.); Anon., over top of Dalton Firebreak, SDEF, Apr. 22, 1943, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., May 4, 1969, no elev. given;

L.C. Wheeler, Claremont, Live Oak Cyn., Apr. 15, 1934, 1600 ft. (488 m.),

FVS: Apr. 15, 1934

SBCo.: Karen A. Kirtland, 1 mi. SSE of Phelan, Mar. 31, 19864400 t. (1345 m.)

(this location may be north of the E. San Gabriel boundary)

+Oreonana vestita (S. Watson) Jeps., Woolly Mountainparsley

Status CNPS List: 4 R-E-D Code: 1-1-3 State/Fed. Status none

uncommon in both counties above 7000 ft. at extreme exposures

LACo.: Status: Sensitive

From 5799 ft. (1768 m.), at Burkhart Trail, n. side of Little Rock Cr. at Cooper Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, July 23, 1968, to 10004 ft. (3050 m.), at the summit of Mt. San Antonio, V.W. Steinman, June 17, 1996 and R.G. Swinney, at E. Baldy Pk., July 10, 1992; May-Oct.; uncommon; 3 records in transmontane, montane

FVS: 1880, S.B. Parish, summit of Mt. Baldy

SBCo.: Status:

From 6399 ft. (1951 m.), at ridge & saddle near Pk. 6566 ft., c. 2.5 miles (air) ENE of Telegraph Pk., above N. Fk. Lytle Cr., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 15, 1997, to 10060 ft. (3067 m.), at E. Baldy Pk. at co. line, R.G. Swinney, July 10, 1992; May-Sep.; uncommon; montane

FVS: July 24, 1901, L.R. Abrams, Mt. San Antonio, 9000 ft. + (2744 m. +)

+Osmorhiza berteroi DC., (Mountain) Sweetcicely

(synonym: O. chilensis Hook. & Arn.

LACo.: From 3841 ft. (1171 m.), at Fern Cyn., c. 1.75 miles e. of confl. with Upper E. Fork San Dimas Cyn., R.G. Swinney & Dave Larson, June 25, 1999, to 8050 ft. (2454 m.), Lily Spring, Wayne E. Sawyer, June 25, 1981 and , R.G. Swinney, Lily Spring, n. slope of Mt. Hawkins, 7.5 air miles WSW of Wrightwood, Sep. 15, 2001; June-Oct.; uncommon in montane, cismontane at Fern Cyn. (SDEF)

FVS: July 6, 1918, I.M. Johnston, Prairie Fk. San Gabriel River, 6996 ft.

(2133 m.)

SBCo.: Sheep Mt. Wilderness Area, Prairie Fork. Cyn., c. 0.8 miles s.e. of Prairie Fk. Road (FS Rd. 3N39) & jct. with Prairie Fk. Trail, June 2,1994, 7701 ft. (2348 m.); San Sevaine Flats, c. 200 meters w. of jct. of FS Rds. 1N34D & 1N34, June 16, 1993, 5540 ft. (1689 m.) and at 5320 ft. (1622 m.), near San Sevaine Flats Well; Lost Cr. Cyn., trib. to Icehouse Cyn., e. of Sheep Flat, w. of Shortcut Ridge, July 22, 1994, 6599 ft. (2012 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, San Sevaine Cow Camp, June 13, 1958, 4600 ft. (1402 m.); I.M. Johnston, Upper San Sevaine Flat, Jully 10, 1925, 5399 ft. (1646 m.)

Osmorhiza brachypoda Torr., (California) Sweetcicely

LACo.: From 1197 ft. (365 m.), at San Dimas Cyn., M.N. Ackley, May 1929 and W. Bertsch, Little Dalton Cyn., (n. of Glendora-added 2010), Apr. 21, 1953, to 4500 ft. (1372 m.), at Cold Spring, 2.5 mile s.w. of Camp Baldy on the Glendora Road, Lyman Benson, June 5, 1945; Feb.-June; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Apr. 1899, Thekla Mohr., Eaton Cyn.

SBCo.: From 2650 ft. (808 m.), n. of Fontana, E. Fk. San Sevaine Cyn., 100 m. downstream of first major waterfall (lowest-added 2010), c. 1 mile due s. of Grapevine Spring, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 4, 1997, to 4198 ft. (1280 m.), at wash, riparian zone and slope along San Antonio Cr., between Mt. Baldy (town) and Ice House Cyn., Scott D. White & Michael Honer, June 29, 2004; Apr.-July; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: July 10, 1925, I.M. Johnston, upper San Sevaine Flats, 5400 ft. (1646 m.)

Oxypolis occidentalis J.M. Coult. & Rose, Western Cowbane

LACo.: LeRoy Gross, just below trail from Three Points to Twin Peaks, Nov. 17, 2001, 6301 ft. (1921 m.); L.C. Wheeler, s.w. slope of Mt. Waterman, Aug. 24, 1967, 7100 ft. (2163 m.

FVS: Aug. 24, 1967

SBCo.: No records found.

Pastinaca sativa L. Wild Parsnip

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: Joseph A. Ewan, thoroughly naturalized along stream, Colby’s Ranch, Coldwater Cyn., Barley Flats Trail, 1 mile above Tujunga, July 23, 1933, 3750 ft. (1142 m.) (data from two different voucher labels with the same number.-added 2011)

SBCo.: No records found.

Perideridia gairdneri (Hook. & Arn.) Mathias

LACo.: n.w. of Little Jimmy Cmpgrd., Aug. 27, 2001, 7400 ft. (2256 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Perideridia parishii (Coult. & Rose) Nels. & Macbr.,

LACo.: Horse Flats, 1 air mile NNW of Newcomb’s Ranch, at Hwy 2 (Angeles Crest Hwy.), July 23, 2009

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Perideridia parishii (Coult. & Rose) Nels. & Macbr. ssp. latifolia (A. Gray) Chuang & Constance, Parish’s Yampah

LACo.: From 5200 ft. (1585 m.), at Sulphur Spring, L.C. Wheeler, Aug. 2, 1967 and at to 7544 ft. (2300 m.), at Cienaga, 0.5 miles w. of Windy Camp, n. slope of Mt. Islip, F.R. Fosberg & J. Ewan, Aug. 13, 1931; July, Aug.; rare; near transmontane at Sulphur Springs, montane

FVS: Aug. 9, 1963, Wesley O. Griesel, Hwy. 2 near Mt. Pacifico turnoff, 6000 ft. (1828 m.)

SBCo.: 2 records by R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et. al at San Sevaine Cow Camp, 1433 m & 1448 m., July 7, 1971 & June 29, 1972; L.C. Wheeler, San Sevaine Cow Camp, 1433 m., July 11, 1968, 4700 ft. (1433 m.)

FVS: July 11, 1968

+Perideridia pringlei (J.M. Coult. & Rose) A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr., Adobe Yampah

Status: CNPS List: 4 R-E-D Code: 1-1-3 State/Fed. Status: /C3c

LACo.: Carr Cyn., 0.4-1.5 miles s.e. of Mt. Emma Rd., upper s. fork of Carr Cyn., May 6, 2009, 3159 ft. (963 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, along Mt. Emma Rd., 1/2 mile e. of Little Rock Cr. below the Dam, May 11, 1973, 3400 ft. (1037 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Car Cyn., June 1, 1995, 3350 ft. (1021 m.) & May 2, 1995, 3550 ft. (1082 m.); G.D. Wallace & Ann Hiller, dirt road w. of Mt. Emma Rd., May 18, 1983, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, n. slope of Soledad Pass, not far below Vincent, June 4, 1922, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

FVS: June 4, 1922

SBCo.: No records found.

Sanicula arguta Greene ex J.M. Coult. & Rose , Sharptooth Blacksnakeroot

(synonym: S. simulans Hoover)

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

L.A. Co.: Jerome S. Horton, e. of San Dimas Dam (on Camp to rd.), Apr. 17, 1939, 1699 ft. (518 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Lukens Pk. Trail, Mar. 27, 1919,

1899 ft. (579 m.);Colin M. Wainwright, Claremont, Johnson’s Pastures, Mar. 31, 1971, 1597 ft. (487 m.); R.F. Thorne, Claremont, Johnson’s Pastures, no date, 1800 ft. (549 m.); S.D. White, Duarte/Azusa, Fish Creek Cyn., mouth of cyn. at Cal Mat quarry, upstream to falls, 1000-1400 ft., May 18, 2000; Sam Tyson, San Dimas Cyn., Mar. 26, 1943, 1500 ft. (457 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., May 4, 1969, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, woods along w. bank of Arroyo Seco, Pasadena, May 24, 1923, 1100 ft. (335 m.);

FVS: Mar. 25, 1897, H.P. Chandler, San Dimas (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary, not listed above)

SBCo.: No records

+Sanicula bipinnata Hook. & Arn., Poison Sanicle

Possibly Toxic, but no records of poisoning.

LACo.: P.A. Munz, Lone Hill near Glendora, San Gab. Mts. region, Apr. 11, 1918 (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: No records found.

Sanicula bipinnatifida Douglas ex Hook, Shoe Buttons, Poison Sanicle, Purple Sanicle

LACo.: From 1151 ft. (351 m.), at Glendora/Azusa boundary, foothills 0.6 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., above Yucca Ridge Ave., R.G. Swinney, Apr. 27, 1969, to 2350 ft. (716 m.), at Bluebird Truck Trail, L.C. Wheeler, May 3, 1969; Mar.-May; rare; cismontane

FVS: Mar. 23, 1897, H.P. Chandler, San Dimas

SBCo.: No records found.

Sanicula crassicaulis Poepp. ex DC., Pacific Sanicle, Pacific Blacksnakeroot

Highly variable.

LACo.: From 1079 ft. (329 m.), at Glendora, Wildwood Cyn., Apr. 9, 2008, R.G. Swinney, to 3519 ft. (1073 m.), at So. Calif. Edison transmission line corridor (Seg. 6, structure 107 per TRTP Survey 2008) Upper Fish Cyn., Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, May 16, 2008; Mar.-July; rare; cismontane

Other records: R.F. Thorne, Claremont, Johnson’s Pastures, Apr. 2, 1971, 1800 ft. (549 m.); F. W. Peirson, Monrovia Cyn., May 18, 1919, 609 m.; A.C. & L.C. Gibson, Azusa/Duarte, Fish Cyn., Mar. 18, 1972, 396 m.; L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., June 24, 1936, 2300 ft. (701 m.); L.C. Wheeler, SDEF, Bell Cyn., July 2, 1936, 2800 ft. (854 m.); W. Bertsch, Glendora, Little Dalton Cyn., Apr. 19, 1954, 365 m.

FVS: May 18, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Monrovia Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Sanicula tuberosa Torr., Tuberous Sanicle, Turkey Pea

Variable.

LACo.: From 950 ft. (290 m.), at Fish Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, Mar 5, 1933, to

4398 ft. (1341 m.), below Inspiration Point, Mt. Lowe, F. W. Peirson, June 10, 1920 (record at Big Pines by Ruth Randall in 1931 is higher, but no elev. is given); Mar.-July; uncommon; montane at Big Pines, cismontane

FVS: May 1892, Anstruther Davidson, Millard Cyn.

SBCo.: Baldy Mesa Rd., 0.5 mi. w. of I-215, Apr. 13, 1996, 4241 ft. (1293 m.); Lower Lytle Creek Divide, Apr. 3, 1995, 3401 ft. (1037 m.); 1 mi. SSW of Cajon Jnct. in Cajon Wash, Apr. 29, 1995, 3600 ft. (945 m.)

Other records:

A.C. & L. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 18. 1971, 2500 ft. (761 m.)

FVS: Apr. 18, 1971

Sphenosciadium capitellatum A. Gray, Swamp White Heads, Ranger’s Buttons, Woolleyhead Parsnip

Toxic to livestock but rarely eaten.

LACo.: Buford Cyn., July 16, 1997, 6301 ft. (1921 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, w. of Wrightwood, foot of Holiday Hill Ski Lift, Sep. 17, 1967, no elev. given; Bonnie C. Templeton, Big Pines Park, July 20, 1932, 6850 ft.

(2088 m.)

FVS: July 20, 1932

SBCo.: No records found.

Tauschia arguta (Torr. & A. Gray) J. F. Macbr., Southern Tauschia, Southern Umbrellawort

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1397 ft. (426 m.), at Eaton’s Cyn., Mt. Wilson, Huron H. Smith, May 17, 1912, to 5661 ft. (1726 m.), at easterly & s.e. slopes to the s.w. of Crystal Lake, R.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd., et al., June 25, 1990; Jan., Mar.-Sep.; uncommon; montane near Crystal Lake; cismontane

FVS: Sep. 1890, Anstruther Davidson, Millards Canon, Pasadena, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 2496 ft. (761 m.), at Stoddard Cyn., Arthur C. Gibson & Linda Gibson, Apr. 18, 1971, to 4697 ft. (1432 m.), at lower flats San Sevaine Cow Camp, Robert F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., July 7, 1971; Apr.-July; uncommon; cismontane

FVS:

+Tauschia parishii (J.M. Coult. & Rose) J. F. Macbr., Parish’s Tauschia, Parish’s Umbrellawort

LACo.: From 6521 ft. (1988 m.), at summit of Granite Mt., R.G. Swinney, June 24, 2009 to 8249 ft. (2515 m.), at Mt. Islip, G.D. Wallace, July 5, 1985; Apr.-Aug., Oct.; fairly common; transmontane, montane, cismontane near Brown’s Flats, I.M. Johnston, July 1, 1917, 4500 ft. (1372 m.)

FVS: July, 1893, Anstruther Davidson, Wilson’s Pk.

SBCo.: From 3608 ft. (1100 m.), w. of Cajon Pass, I.W. Clokey, May 15, 1935, to 7000 ft. (2134 m.), at Baldy Lookout of USFS, I.M. Johnston, June 20, 1917; Apr.-July; uncommon; transmontane, montane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June 20, 1917

Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link, Spreading Hedgeparsley

[synonyms: T. arvensis (Guss.) Link ssp. heterophylla (Guss.) A. Thell and

T. arvensis ssp. purpurea)

Native to c. & s. Europe.

LACo.: n. of Azusa, Water Cyn, a trib. from the n. of San Gabriel River Cyn., n. of Morris Dam, May 13, 1997, 1319 ft. (402 m.); San Gabriel Cyn., 1 mi. above (n.e.) of El Encanto Park Office, on shoulder of the old road (dirt service road-added 2011), June 2, 2008, 879 ft. (268 m.)

Other records: Valerie Soza, Azusa, Silver Fish Rd. above Water Cyn., July 5, 2000, 1600 ft. (488 m.); Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, So. Calif. Edison transmission line corridor (Seg. 6, Structure 109 per TRTP Survery 2008), Upper Fish Cyn., May 6, 2008, 3283 ft. (1001 m.); T.S. Ross, Upper Winter Cr. Trail, between Chantry Flat & Hoegee Camp (on Winter Cr., on w. side of Santa Anita Cyn., June 1, 1993, 2549 ft. (777 m.)

FVS: June 1, 1993

SBCo.: No records found.

Torilis nodosa (L.) Gaertn., Knotted Hedgeparsley

Native to Eurasia, especially Medit.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, “Epipactis Cyn.”, unnamed cyn. draining ENE to Lone Pine Cyn., originating near e. end of Upper Lytle Cr. Ridge (Sheep Cr. Truck Rd., 2N56), June 18, 1990, 3378 ft. (1030 m.)

Yabea microcarpa (Hook. & Arn.) Koso-Pol., False Carrot

LACo.: SDEF, 1988, San Dimas Experimental Forest, rare (no documented voucher found); L.C. Wheeler, Liveoak Cyn. Dam, Apr, 24, 1934, 1500 ft.

(457 m.); F.W. Peirson, San Antonio Cyn., LA & SB Co. lines, May 28, 1920, 4400 ft. (1341 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Eaton Cyn., June 1, 1918, 3247 ft.

(990 m.)

FVS: June 1, 1918, F.W. Peirson, Eaton Cyn., 3247 ft. (990 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.


Apocynaceae Dogbane Family

(Ascepiadaceae – Milkweed Family)

Apocynum androsaemifolium L. , Bitter or Spreading Dogbane

LACo.: Dawson Pk. Ridge, (w. side) at spring on NNW-facing slope, c. 100 m. above cyn. bottom c. 0.5 miles n.e. of upper Fish Fork Camp, July 29, 1998, 6921 ft. (2110 m.); Vincent Gap, off trail c. 350 meters s.e. of parking area at spring near cyn. bottom, Sep. 4, 1998, 6521 ft. (1988 m.) (2 previous records: F.W. Peirson & John Dourley); Upper Fish Fk. drainage, c. 200 meters e. of Little Fish Fk. Campground, July 21, 1998, 672f1 ft. (2049 m.) (1 previous record: L.C. Wheeler)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, W. Fk. Devil’s Cyn., c. 1 mile above Campground; Tim Ross, Chilao Flat, Aug. 14, 1991, 5648 ft. (1722 m.); F.W. Peirson, Hunt Cyn., 3 miles e. of Vincent, July 3, 1921, 6596 ft. (2011 m.); John Dourly, just e. from base of Mt. Baden-Powell, Sep. 13, 1968, 6596 ft. (2011 m.); T.S. Ross, Roundtop Mt., Aug. 14, 1991, 5599 ft. (1707 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Vincent Gulch, just below Rock Cr. Divide, July 3, 1921, 6596 ft. (2011 m.)

FVS: July 3, 1921, F.W. Peirson, Vincent Gulch, just below Rock Cr. Divide, 6596 ft. (2011 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Apocynum cannabinum L. Indian Hemp

(synonym: A. cannabinum var. glaberimum A. DC.)

LACo.: From 669 ft. (204 m.), at Van Tassel Cyn., 1.45 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. at El Encanto Dr. on Fish Cyn. Rd., R.G. Swinney, Nov. 30, 2008, to 7501 ft.

(2287 m.), at Upper San Antonio Cyn., I.M. Johnston, Aug. 21, 1917; May-Aug., Nov.; uncommon; all 3 sections

Other locations:

San Dimas Cyn.; Devil’s Punchbowl, Rock Cr.; Devil’s Cyn., trail to Chilao; Yucca Flats, Summer Home Tract at upper end of cyn. of N. Fk., San Gabriel River; upper San Antonio Cyn.; Little Cienaga, below Crystal Lake; Coldwater Cyn.; Tanbark Flats

FVS: July 1, 1897, J.H. Barber, Bear Cyn.

SBCo.: 0.4 mi. due e. of Baldy Notch, in unnamed cyn. at jct. with Stockton Flats; spring in trib. between Baldy Notch service rd. & Baldy Ski Lift, w. of Baldy Notch, Aug. 23, 1994, 7200 ft. (2195 m.); Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Cr., Sep. 14, 1920, 7000 ft. (2134 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne & Selwyn Everist, Cienega near head of Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Cr., July 31, 1971, 7000 ft. (2134 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Coldwater Cyn., at Baldy Rd., off N. Fk. Lytle Cr., July 10, 1968, 6900 ft. (2104 m.); Peter Fritsch & Tim Ross, in draw and along rd. of cyn. north to n.e. of Baldy Notch (the one that drains into Coldwater Cyn.), July 12, 1990, 6424-7400 ft. (1959 m.); I.M. Johnston, upper San Antonio Cyn., Aug. 21, 1917, 7495 ft. (2285 m.); L.R. Abrams, Lytle Cr., July 24, 1901, no elev. given

FVS: July 24, 1901

Asclepias californica Greene, Round-hooded or California Milkweed

(synonym: A. californica ssp. greenei Woodson)

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 2758 ft. (841 m.), at San Antonio Cyn. north of Claremont/Upland, w. side of Mt. Baldy Rd., 0.85 miles n. of Shinn Rd., R.G. Swinney, June 1, 2009, 2758 ft. (841 m.), to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at Lightning (= Blue?) Ridge at the jct. of FS Rd. 3N06 & Angeles Crest Hwy., c. 4 miles n.w. of the San Bern Co. line & 5 miles n.w. of Wrightwood, David Charlton, June 15, 1986; Apr.-Sep.; uncommon; transmontane, montane, cismontane at Upper Big Tujunga Cyn.; ridge and slopes descending +/- ENE from THORN (Triangulation Point-5499 ft.) toward Big Tujunga Cr. (c. 0.6-1.6 air miles ENE of Barley Flats), T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., June 8, 1990, 4100 ft. (1250 m.)

FVS: July 14, 1893, Anstruther Davidson, Rock Cr.

SBCo.: From 1499 ft. (457 m.), at end of Haven Ave., n. of chaffey College, D.A. Young, May 25, 1969, to 6996 ft. (2133 m.), at Mt. San Antonio, L.R. Abarams, July 11, 1902; May-July; uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June, 1899, H.M. Hall, Lytle Creek Cyn., 5747 ft. (1752 m.)

Asclepias eriocarpa Benth., Kotolo, Indian Milkweed, Woollypod Milkweed

CA , NV & Baja Ca, Mex.

LACo.: From 1250 ft. (381 m.), at 2 miles n.e. of LaVerne, L.C. Wheeler, June 4, 1931, to 8249 ft. (2515 m.), at Mount Williams, western ridge, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 9, 2001; June-Aug.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: June 29, 1902, L.R. Abrams, summit Mt. Wilson

SBCo.: 2.2 mi., s.e. of San Sevaine Flats near well, July, 16, 1993, 4770 ft. (1454 m.); Upper N. Fork of Lytle Creek, between Pine Mt. & Wright Mt., Sep. 4, 1995, 7480-8000 ft. (2280-2439 m.); ridge & saddle near pk. # 6566 ft., c. 2.5 mi., ENE of Telegraph Pk.

Other records:

J.C. Roos, mouth of Lytle Creek, June 4, 1949, 2100 ft. (640 m.); W.L. Jepson, borders Mohave Desert, Cajon Pass, May 28, 1914, 2398 ft. (731 m.)

FVS: May 28, 1914

Asclepias erosa Torr., Desert Milkweed

LACo.: Valyermo area, Devils Punchbowl Co. Park, c. 200 m. due s. of Visitor Center, Aug. 15, 2005, 4800 ft. (1463 m.)

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta, along trail, S. Fork of Big Rock Cr., surveying from Reed Spring to Islip Saddle, July 12, 1994, no elev. given

FVS: July 12, 1994

SBCo.: Steve Myers, Cajon Summit (east of N. bound lanes on I-15), Sep. 26, 1988, no elev. given ( just e. of E. San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Asclepias fascicularis Decne., Narrow-leaf Milkweed, Mexican Whorled Milkweed

Generally poisonous to stock.

LACo.: From 1500 ft. (457 m.), at San Dimas Dam, L.C. Wheeler, July 6, 1967, to 6599 ft. (2012 m.), at E. Fork Rd. crossing over the N. Fork of the San Gabriel River, Islip Saddle; T.B. Salvato & Sarah Flack, Aug. 8, 2007; Apr., June-Oct.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: July 2, 1897, J.H. Barber, Bear Cyn.

SBCo.: From 2500 ft. (761 m.), at mouth of Day Cyn., R.F. Thorne, J. Benny, et al., June 23, 1971, to 7301 ft. (2226 m.), at Mt. Baldy Ski Area, Upper Manker Cyn., at Hulcumac Spring, V. Soza & LeRoy Gross; June-Aug.; rare; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June 23, 1971

Asclepias nyctaginifolia A. Gray, Mojave Milkweed

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: S.B. Parish, near summit, Cajon Pass, Mojave Desert, June 15, 1916, no elev. given (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Asclepias verticillata L., Whorled Milkweed

Perhaps the only record from CA

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, mesa on San Andreas Fault Rift Zone, Lone Pine Cyn., Sep 16, 1967, 3050 ft. (930 m.)

+Asclepias vestita Hook. & Arn., Woolly Milkweed

[synonyms: A. vestita var. parishii (Jeps.) Woodson and A. vestita var. vestita]

LACo.: From 4737 ft. (1444 m.), at s. edge of Bob’s Gap, on slopes & roadside & down in wash, Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et al., May 6, 2005, (also det. as Asclepias vestita var. vestita), to 5838 ft. (1780 m.), at e. side of Big John Pk., w. of Mescal Cr., above Big John Flat, R.G. Swinney, June 5, 1999; Apr.-July; rare; transmontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: July 4, 1893, Anstruther Davidson, Rock Cr.

SBCo.: From 3250 ft. (991 m.), at Mormon Rocks, in wash near jct. of Hwy. 138 & Lone Pine Cyn. Rd., W. Wisura, May 18, 2001, to 4815 ft. (1468 m.), at Horse Cyn., n.e. of Wrightwood & n.w. of Circle Mtn., 150 meters w. of State Hwy. 2, due w. of Horse Cyn. Rd., R.G. Swinney, June 12, 1994; May-July; uncommon transmontane, montane s. of Wrightwood, c. 600 meters e. of Guffy Cmpgrd, n. of Pacific Cr. Trail, R.G. Swinney, June 12, 1994, 4800 ft. (1463 m.), Cajon Wash

FVS: May 12, 1892, C.R. Orcutt, Cajon Pass (possibly e. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Cycladenia humilis Benth. var. humilis, Sacramento Waxydogbane

LACo.: Saddle between Pine Mt. & Dawson Pk., Sep. 7, 1998, 9240 ft.

(2817 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

+Cycladenia humilis Benth. var. venusta (Eastw.) Woodson ex Munz, Showy Cycladenia, Sacramento Waxydogbane

LACo.: From 5681 ft. (1732 m.), at Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, n. base of Pk. 6374 ‘ at extreme s.e. corner of park, on an extension of Pleasant View Ridge, R.G. Swinney, June 10, 2008, to 9399 ft. (2866 m.), at summit of Mt. Baden Powell, on s. side of Pk., J.R. Shevock, Oct. 5, 1974, 9394 ft. (2864 m.); June-Oct.; rare; transmontane at Devils Punchbowl Co. Park, montane, near cismontane at Mt. Disappointment

The following represents most of the known locations:

Coldwater Cyn. tributary, 1st cyn. s. of San Antonio Ridge; along Bear Cyn. Tr., c. 1 mi. south of W. Baldy Pk.; Devil’s Punch Bowl Co. Park at Pk. # 6374 ft., n. of Mt. Williamson; ridge c. 400 m. south of Mt. Baden Powel; c. 2.5 km. s.w. of Mt. San Antonio along Baldy Tr.; along trail east of Windy Gap toward Mt. Hawkins; c. 0.3 mi. south of Mount Hawkins Pk.; 3 records for Dawson Saddle, just s. of Lewis Mt.; Joseph Andorfer Ewan, summit Mt. Disappointment, June 17, 1932, 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

FVS: Aug. 20, 1903, Mrs. C.M. Wilder, San Antonio Mt., 7997 ft. (2438 m.)

SBCo.: From 6399 ft. (1951 m.), at ridge & saddle near pk. 6566 ‘, c. 2.5 miles (air) ENE and on same ridge as Telegraph Pk., above N. Fk. Lytle Cr., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 15, 1997, to 10000 ft. (3049 m.), at Mt. San Antonio Summit, Albert J. Perkins, July 26, 1915; Apr., June-Aug.; montane, rare; montane

Additional locations: N. Devil’s Backbone Ridge, s. of Wright Mt.; s. slope of Thunder Mt.; Dawson Peak Ridge Tr. at far n.e. tributary of Upper Fish Fork drainage; Saddle between Pine Mt. & Dawson Pk.; Big Horn Ridge, c. 1.5 mi. s.w. of W. Baldy Pk.; Cucamonga Pk.; s.w. of Wrightwood on Blue Ridge, c. 0.5 mi. west of Guffy Cmpgd; Telegraph Pk. ridge & saddle near Pk. # 6566 ft., c. 2.5 mi. ENE of Telegraph Pk.; saddle between Big Horn Pk. & Cuccamonga Pk.; ridge c. 0.5 mi. east of Cucamonga Pk.; Mt. Harwood; N. Fork of San Antonio Creek

FVS: June, 1897, Anonym., near summit of Baldy, 11480 ft. (3500 m.) (wrong elv., E. Baldy Pk. is 10064 ft. –added 2009)

Funastrum cynanchoides (Decne.) Schltr. ssp. hartweggii Vail) R.W. Holm(Vail) Krings, Climbing Milkweed, Hartweg’s Twinevine

[synonyms: Sarcostemma cynanchoides ssp. hartweggii (Vail) R.W. Holm and F. cynanchoides ssp. heterophyllum (Engelm. ex Torr.) Kartesz,

LACo.: From 699 ft. (213 m.), at Azusa, San Gabriel Cyn. wash, 0.1-0.5 miles w. of San Gabriel River Bike Path parkingt lot, at Azusa Cyn. Rd. (Hwy. 39), c. 0.6 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., R.G. Swinney, Apr. 17, 2009, to 1640 ft. (500 m.), at Claremont, 100 meters e. of Thompson Cr. Dam., Richard Noyes, & L. Arnseth, Apr. 30, 1988; Mar.-May, July, Sep.; rare; cismontane

One record from far e. area at Big Tujunga Wash, e. of I-210 Frwy., LeRoy Gross, Sep. 18, 1998, 1200 ft. (365 m.)

FVS: July 5, 1902, L.R. Abrams, near power house, San Gabriel Cyn.

SBCo.: No records found.

Nerium oleander L., Oleander

Native or naturalized to Medit., Sahara, Arabian Peninsula, s. Asia.

LACo.: mouth of San Gabriel River just n. of I-210 Frwy., Nov. 30, 2008, 581 ft. (177 m.); Glendora, Harrow Cyn. c. 500 m. n. of debris basin, July 14, 1989,

1450 ft. (442 m.)

Other records: Scott D. White, Big Tujunga Wash, Sunland, Tujunga area, s.w. of 210 Frwy., e. of Hansen Dam & n. of Wentworth St., May 14, 1997, 1050 ft. (320 m.); plants recorded at Heaton Flats & confluence of Big Rock Creek & Holcomb Cyn. are most likely persisting at old homesites; L.C. Wheeler, Pacoima Cyn. at Ant Cyn., Apr. 26, 1968, 2224 ft. (678 m.) and Aug. 20, 1968 at 2100 ft. (640 m.)

FVS: Apr. 26, 1968

SBCo.: No records found.

Vinca major L., Greater Periwinkle, Bigleaf Periwinkle

Native probably to Europe.

All parts lethally poisonous, even in small amounts.

LACo.: From 1004 ft. (306 m.), at Big Santa Anita Cyn., between Roberts Dam & Water Trail, Adelina Munoz, Apr. 16, 1988, to c. 4500 ft. (1371 m.), at San Antonio cyn., 1.5 mi. above second tunnel at Mt. Rd. turn off on w. side of cyn. above River, Fred Brooks, May 7, 1988; Mar.-June, Aug., Dec.; uncommon; cismontane, (shaded areas, often in cyns. near old homesites) Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn. Wilderness Park, mouth of Mystic Cyn. at confl. with Big Dalton Cyn., at site of removed cabin, Aug. 9, 1989, 1250 ft. (381 m.) (modified-2010); Glendora, Wildwood Cyn., Apr. 9, 2008, 1079 ft. (329 m.) San Dimas, Spring Cyn. May, 2008 (not yet processed); Monrovia Cyn. Wilderness Park, along cyn. bottom near cabin rentals Mar. 28, 2009, 1200 ft. (366 m.) (modified 2010)

Other records:

G. D. Wallace, San Gabriel Cyn., May 1, 1965, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, escaped along Lytle Creek at Apple White Picnic Grounds, Apr. 4, 1968, no elev. given; also D.L. Ill., Apr. 13, 1985, 1009 m.; Chris Louterbach, Palmer Cyn., 3 mi., north of Foothill Blvd., Mar 18, 1973, 2200 ft. (670 m.); Noyes, Arnseth, Thompson Dam, Apr. 30, 1988, 1722 ft. (525 m.); J. Adams, Little Dalton Cyn., May 9, 1963, 1204 ft. (367 m.);Barry Burnell, San Antonio Cyn. just below the narrows, below Camp Baldy, May 22, 1969, 3500 ft. (1067 m.)

3 records for Cobal Cyn., Claremont:

P.A. Munz, March 1920, 1401 ft. (427 m); R.F. Thorne, March 18, 1971, 1650 ft. (502 m.); L.C. Wheeler Mar. 16, 1946, no elev. given

FVS: Mar. 20, 1920, P.A. Munz, Cobal Cyn., n. of Claremont, 1401 ft. (427 m.)

SBCo.: Confluence of Lone Pine Cyn. & Cajon Wash, Nov. 14, 1992, 805 m.;

Lone Pine Cyn. 1.0 mi. w. of Lost Lake at stream crossing with Swarthout Cyn. Rd., Nov. __, 2008

Other records: L.C. Wheeler, Middle Fork Lytle Creek, near Scotland, July 12, 1968, 3100 ft. (945 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Stoddard Cyn., May,10, 1969, 2400 ft. (731 m.); Freda Detmers, Lytle Creek Cyn., May 10, 1931, no elev. given

FVS: May 10, 1931


Araliaceae Ginseng Family

Aralia californica S. Watson, Elk Clover, California Spikenard

LACo.: From 1750 ft. (534 m.), at San Dimas Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, Aug. 5, 1931, to 5196 ft. (1584 m.), at Alder Gulch, L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 10, 1970 and R.G. Swinney, at Upper Fish Fk. of San Gabriel River, July 24, 1998, (1585 m.); June- Nov.; rare; montane, cismontane

Additional records:

S. Fork of Cow Cyn at & above Fallen Leaf Spring;S. Fork of Fern Cyn, n.e. of Brown’s Flat; upper Coldwater Cyn. at n.e. end of Heaton Flat Trail; Cow Cyn, c. 0.5 mi. west of Cow Cyn. Saddle; Santa Anita Cyn.; Flume 5 N. Fk. San Dimas Cyn.; Soldier Cr., Hwy. 39 n. of Azusa; W. Fk. San Gabriel River between Bear Cr. & Rincon Red Box Rd.; trib. of San Antonio Cyn., w. of Spring Hill; Wolfskill Cyn.; Fish Cyn. at Upper Clamshell Truck Trail.; Alder Gulch; vic. Bear Flats Ranger Station; Dr. H. de Forest, Black Cyn., Arroyo Seco , June 25, 1932, no elev. given

FVS: Aug. 28, 1904, F.W. Peirson, Little Santa Anita Cyn.

SBCo.: From 2750 ft. (838 m.), at Day Cyn., Upper Sonaran Zone, I.M. Johnston, July 15, 1917, to 8151 ft. (2485 m.), at Icehouse Cyn., c. 0.8 miles e. of Icehouse Cyn. Parking Lot, on s. side of stream at spring, R.G. Swinney, July 28, 1994; June-Oct.; rare; montane, cismontane

Additional records:

S. Fork of Lytle Creek, c. 1.6 miles w. of Lytle Creek; Bear Cyn, c. 0.7 mi. north of San Antonio Cyn. Rd.; Bear Gulch, c. 0.3 mi. n. of confl. with Prairie Fork; Timber Gulch spring, c. 0.9 mi. west of Lytle Creek Rd.; Bear Cyn. below Bear Flats; Lytle Cr.; Cucamonga Cyn., 5-6th falls

FVS: Oct., 1893, E.A. Zumbro, branch of Lytle Cr., no elev. given

Hedera helix L., English Ivy

Native to Europe. Sap can cause contact dermatitis, berries & leaves toxic when eaten.

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Canyon, old homesite, July 6, 1989, 1400 ft.

(427 m.)

Other records:

T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, Big Rock Creek just upstream from gaging station, empty, gutted cabin, May 29, 90, 4055 ft. (1235 m.); L.C. Wheeler, LaVerne, Camp Bonita, Sep. 29, 1968, 2000 ft. (610 m.)

FVS: Sep. 29, 1968

SBCo.: Stoddard Cyn, c. 0.2 m. east of Shinn Rd., old homesite, Jan. 15, 1994, 2493 ft. (760 m.) (also det. as H. canariensis); John F. Green, Arroyo Seco, Pasadena, n. of Jet Prop. Lab., Transect # 2, July 17, 2003, 1299 ft. (396 m.)

Other records:

Scott D. White & Michael Honer, San Antonio Creek, between Mt. Baldy & Icehouse Cyn., June 29, 1904, 4199 ft. (1280 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Creek Village, Nov. 4, 1967+

+Hedera canariensis Willd., Canary Island Ivy, Algerian Ivy

[synonym: H. helix L. ssp. canariensis (Willd.) Cout.]

Native to Macronesia, n. Africa.

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Canyon, 0.8 mi. n.e. of Glendora Mt. Rd. (Big Dalton Cyn. Wilderness Park-added 2010), 1350 ft. (412 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: Stoddard Cyn., c. 0.2 miles e. of old abandoned homesite, Jan. 15, 1994, 2480 ft. (760 m.) ( also det. as H. helix)

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides L.f., Floating Marshpennywort

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Fairly common at Glen Helen Regional Co. Park, Cajon Cyn., Devore, developed fishing lakes, Oct 9, 1994, 2000 ft. (610 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Glen Helen Park, Cajon cyn., Oct. 12, 1969, no elev. given, aquatic

FVS: Oct. 12, 1969

Hydrocotyle umbellata L., Manyflower Marshpennywort

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Lone Pine Cyn., Lost Lake, n. side of Lake, Oct. 9, 1994, 2780 ft

(848 m.)

Other records:

L.R. Abrams, Glenn Ranch, Lytle Cr. Cyn., July 14, 1902, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, Lytle Cr., May 18, 1920, 3500 ft.(1067 m.)

FVS: May 18, 1920

Hydrocotyle verticillata Thunb., Whorled Marshpennywort

LACo.: J.C. Nevin, Sana Anita Cyn., 1885, no elev. given

SBCo.: Thorne & Tilforth, Lone Pine Cyn., Lost Lake, June 29, 1972, 2770 ft. (845 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Creek, Sportsman’s Park Glenn Ranch, Nov. 15, 1967, stagnant water; L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn., Lost Lake, Oct. 1,1933

FVS: Oct. 1, 1933


Asteraceae Sunflower Family

Acamptopappus sphaerocephalus (Harv. & A. Gray ex A. Gray) A. Gray, Rayless Goldenhead

Vars. sometimes occur together and intergrade.

LACo.: Valyermo area, s. end of Bob’s Gap, w.-facing slope at jct. of Panorama & Bob’s Gap Rds., May 17, 2001, 4080 ft. (1244 m.); lower Brainard Cyn., 1.4-1.8 miles s. of Mt. Emma Rd., 2.9 miles SSE (164 deg.) of Littlerock, May 12, 2009, 3480 ft. (1061 m.)

Other records:

T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., Little Rock Cr., on s.w. side of Little Rock Cr. Res., June 11, 1990, 3270-3290 ft. (997 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Little Rock Cr., San Gab. Mts., May 21, 1921, 3198 ft. (975 m.)

FVS: May 21, 1921

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, 1.2 mi. s. of Hwy. 138 at Scrub Oak Rd., June 29, 1995,

4622 ft. (1409 m.)

Other records: None found.

Acamptopappus sphaerocephalus (A. Gray) A. Gray var. hirtellus S.F. Blake , Rayless Goldenhead

LACo.: Valyermo area, s. end of Bob’s Gap, w.-facing slope at jct. of Panorama & Bob’s Gap Roads, May 17, 2001, 4080 ft.

Other records:

LeRoy Gross, w. terminus of Holcomb’s Ridge, w. of Big Rock Cr., n. of Fort Tejon Rd., w. of Valyermo Rd. N, May 3, 2005, 3559 ft. (1085 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Little Rock Cr., Santiago Cr., Little Rock Cr. Management Unit, Apr. 15, 1994, 3800 ft. (1159 m.); Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et al., right at the n. end of Bob’s Gap, May 6, 2005, 4700 ft. (1433 m.);; R.F. Thorne, 1/4-1/2 miles n. of Bob’s Gap, n. slope of Holcomb Ridge, c. 2.5 mi. due s. of Llano, May 11, 1973, 3800 ft. (1159 m.); M.N. Ackley, Little Rock Foothills, May 8, 1927, 2998 ft. (914 m.)

FVS: May 8, 1927

SBCo.: Percy C. Everett & E.K. Balls, 12.7 miles w. along State Hwy. 138 from jct. with US Hwy. 395, Cajon Pass, May 22, 1959, 3998 ft. (1219 m.) (also det. as Acamptopappus sphaerocephalus var. sphaerocephalus)

Acamptopappus sphaerocephalus (A. Gray) A. Gray var. sphaerocephalus, Rayless Goldenhead

LACo.: P.A. Munz, Pallett Cr., May 27, 1923, no elev. given; J. Sauer & G. Malanson, Juniper Hills, May 15, 1981, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, 1/4-1/2 miles n. of Bob’s Gap, n. slope of Hollcomb Ridge, c. 2.5 mi. due s. of Llano, May 11, 1973, 3800 ft. (1159 m.); F.W. Peirson, lower part in wash, Little Rock Cr. Cyn., May 9, 1921, 3198 ft. (975 m.)

FVS: May 9, 1921

SBCo.: Percy C. Everett, & E.K. Balls, 12.7 miles w. along State Hwy. 138, from jct. with US Hwy. 395, Cajon Pass, May 22, 1959, 3998 ft. (1219 m.) (also det. as Acamptopappus sphaerocephalus var. hirtellus

Achillea millefolium L., White Yarrow, Common Yarrow

[synonym: A. millefolium L. var. californica (Pollard) Jeps.]

Highly variable polyploid complex.

LACo.: From 1300 ft. (396 m.l), at Monrovia Cyn., F.W. Peirson, May 18, 1919, to 7839 ft. (2390 m.), at Waterman Mt., Ski Runway on e.-facing slope, R.G. Swinney, July 24, 2008; Apr.-July, Sep.; uncommon; montane at Waterman Mt., cismontane

FVS: June 23, 1918, I.M. Johnston, Spring Hill, San Antonio Canyon, 4300 ft. (1310 m.)

SBCo.: Cherry Cyn. Flats (Dry Lake), s.w. base of Sugarloaf Pk., June 18, 1996, 5061 ft. (1543 m.); c. 100 m. s.e. of Spring Hill area, c. 100 m. west of Barrett- Stoddard Rd., July 6, 1994, 4035 ft. (1230 m.); Stoddard Pk., s. of Barrett Village, June 13, 1996, 4600 ft. (1402 m.)

Other records:

D.A. Young, along rd. to Mt. Baldy Village, c. 1.5 mi. from village, May 10, 1969, 2890 ft. (880 m.)

FVS: May 10, 1969

Achyrachaena mollis Schauer, Blow-wives

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, foot of San Dimas Cyn., Apr. 10, 1921, 1397 ft. (426 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Whitney Cyn., May 15, 1967, 1548 ft. (472 m.)

FVS: Apr. 10, 1921

SBCo.: No records found.

Acourtia microcephala DC., Acourtia, Sacapellote

CA & n.w. Baja Ca, Mex.

LACo.: From 997 ft. (304 m.), at w. side of (FS Rd. 1N36, heading s. from Rinco(Rincon-added 2010)-Red Box Rd.), Van Tassel Cyn., Tim Ross & Peter Fritsch, June 20, 1990, to 3601 ft. (1098 m.), in open clearing on Aliso Cr., F.W. Peirson, June 30, 1929; May-Aug.; uncommon; transmontane at Aliso Cr., cismontane

FSC: July 2, 1902, L.R. Abrams, San Gabriel Mts., dry hillsides (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: Ridgetop n.w. of Grande Cielo Buffalo Ranch, w. of Cajon Wash & s. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., June 1, 1996, 3760 ft. (1146 m.); Sheep Creek, F.S. Rd. 2N56, 0.2 mi. s. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., June 25, 1992, 3200 ft. (979 m.)

Other records:

Scott D. White, Muscupiabe Hills, s. of Glen Helen Regional Park along stream, June 23, 1992, 2106 ft. (642 m.); Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, Aug. 19, 1924, no elev. given; I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Cyn., July 22, 1918, 2998 ft. (914 m.)

FVS: July 22, 1918

+Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.) King & H. Robi., Eupatory, Crofton Weed, Sticky Snakeroot

Native to Mexico. Reproduces by asexual seed.

Along permanent or temporary watercourses.

LACo.: From 971 ft. (296 m.), at Azusa, San Gabriel River Cyn., El Encanto Azusa RiverWilderness Park, to 2750 ft. (838 m.), at Little Santa Anita Cyn., w. side along Mt. Wilson Trail, L.C. Wheeler, Dec. 6, 1969; Feb.-Aug., Oct.-Dec.; common; cismontane

FVS: July 9, 1932, Louis C. Wheeler, Rogers Cyn., San Gab. Mts., 1246 ft.

(380 m.)

SBCo.: Cucamonga Cyn., at jct. with Cucamonga Truck Trail (FS Road 1N35), c. 200 yds. north of rd., Apr. 30, 1994, 2755 ft. (840 m.)

Other records:

Steve Boyd & L. Arnseth, Duncon Cyn., s. of Lytle Cr., May 6, 1988, 2296 ft.

(700 m.); first record in San Gabriel Mts. in SBCo. on Apr. 17, 1984 by J. Glazner in Day Cyn., 2975 ft. (907 m.); John Wear & Nathan Moorhatch, mouth of Day Cyn. at n. end of Etiwanda Ave., Oak Summit Project, Apr. 20, 1994, 2200 ft. (610 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Santa Anita Cyn., Dec. 22, 1969, 2750 ft. (838 m.)

FVS: Dec. 22, 1969

Ageratina occidentalis (Hook.) King & H. Rob., Western Snakeroot

LACo.: Upper Fish Fk., San Gabriel River, c. 1 mi. e. (upstream) from Upper Fish Fork Cmpgrd., Oct. 3, 1998, 5500 ft. (2012 m.). Several plants were observed in the cyn. bottom. An addional visit to the site is planned to survey the population. This represents the second record for the San Gabriel Mountains and the second for southern California, south of the Sierra Nevada. Thomas Chester, Mike Crouse & Dave Stith found a population in the San Jacinto Mts. in Tahquitz Cyn., on Aug. 17, 2009, which now makes this the southernmost part of the range for this species.

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta, from confl. of Cooper & Buckhorn Cyns, upstream to falls of Buckhorn Cr., near Campground, July 6, 1992, no elev. given (this represents the first record of this species s. of the Sierra Nevada in southern California)

FVS: July 6, 1992

SBCo.: No records found.

Agoseris grandiflora (Nutt.) Greene, Grand Mountain Dandelion, Bigflower Agoseris

LACo.: n.w. of Wrightwood, e. end of Jackson Flat, July 8, 1998, 7500 ft.

(2287 m.); s. of Pinon Hills, ridge n.e. of Table Mt. near co. line, area burned in summer of 1995, June 13, 1997, 5999 ft. (1829 m.); s.w. of Wrightwood, dry lake adj. to FS Road 3N06 (Blue Ridge Rd.), 0.4 miles e. of Hwy. 2, July 10, 1998,

7380 ft. (2250 m.)

Other records:

P.A. Munz & R.D. Harwood, San Dimas Cyn., May 2, 1920, 1499 ft. (457 m.); Kathey Harper, between Pacifico Mt. & Rd. N3, May 17, 1986, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., July 2, 1932, 1600 ft. (487 m.); F.W. Peirson, San Antonio Cyn., June 5, 1919, 4598ft. (1341 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: June 5, 1919

SBCo.: Spring Hill, s.w. of Barret Village, July 6, 1994, 4040 ft. (1230 m.);

Upper Lytle Creek Divide, 1.2 mi. s. of Lone Pine Rd., May 15, 1993, 5400 ft. (1646 m.); Upper Lytle Creek Ridge, June 30, 1992, 6700 ft. (2043 m.);

Bear Flats, July 12, 1995, 5600 ft. (1707 m.); Cherry Cyn. Flats (Dry Lake), s.w. base of Sugar Loaf Pk., June 18, 1996 & May 31, 1997, 4940-5060 ft.

(1506-1542 m.); Ralston Pk. on s. ridge, May 23, 1998, 4379 ft. (1335 m.);

Pinon Hills, ridge n.e. of Table Mt., near L.A. Co. Line, June 13, 1997, 3877 ft. (1182 m.); May-July; 3877-6700 ft. (1182 m.- 2043 m.)

Other records:

I.M. Johnston, Evey Cyn., San Antonio Mts., May 16, 1917, no elev. given

FVS: May 16, 1917

Agoseris grandiflora (Nutt.) Greene var. grandiflora, Bigflower Agoseris

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, San Antonio Cyn., June 5, 1919, 4398 ft. (1341 m.); Donald R. Bissing, Evey Cyn., along rd. cut, 0.4 mi. form cyn. mouth, May 18, 1973, 2400 ft. (731 m.); F.W. Peirson, Fish Cyn., May 21, 1923, 2600 ft.

(792 m.); C.F. Baker, mts. near Claremont, May 15, 1909, no elev. given;

FVS: May 15, 1909

SBCo.: F.W. Peirson, Camp Baldy, San Antonio Cyn., June 5, 1919, 4500 ft. (1371 m.); R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, San Antonio Cyn., Chapman Ranch above Mt. Baldy Village, July 21, 1967, 4450 ft. (1356 m.); P.A. Munz, Cajon Pass, Lone Pine Cyn., edge of wet meadow, Aug. 30,1923, 5000 ft. (1523 m.); F.W. Peirson, Clyde Ranch, Lone Pine Cyn., Aug. 30, 1923, 4900 ft. (1494 m.);

I.M. Johnston, Evey Canon, San Antonio Cyn., May 6, 1917, no elev. given

FVS: May 6, 1917

Agoseris heterophylla (Nutt.) Greene, Annual Agoseris

LACo.: Brown’s Flat, central area, common here only, July 17, 1996, 4350 ft. (1326 m.)

Other records:

F.W. Peirson, Wright’s Ranch, Swartout Valley, July 7, 1922, 6050 ft. (1845 m.)

FVS: July 7, 1922

SBCo.: Cherry Cyn. “dry lake”, at s.w. base of Sugar Loaf Pk., e. of San Antonio Cyn.-added 2011), May 31, 1997, 4940 ft. (1506 m.)

Other records:

F.W. Peirson, Swarthout Valley, Wright’s Ranch, July 7, 1922, 6050 ft. (1845 m.)

FVS: July 7, 1922

Agoseris heterophylla (Nutt.) Greene var. heterophylla, Annual Agoseris

Self pollinates.

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, Wrights-Swarthout Valley, July 7, 1922, 6045 ft. (1843 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Agoseris retrorsa (Benth.) Greene, Spear-leaved Mountain Dandelion, Spearleaf Agoseris

LACo.: From 1801 ft. (549 m.), at San Gabriel River, W. Fork, between Bear Cr. & Cogswell Dam, Scott D. White & Justin M. Wood, May 6, 2009, to 8200 ft.

(2499 m.), on summit crest of Mt. Williamson, R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, Nov. 9, 1968; Apr.-July, Nov.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: June, 1902, A.D.D. Elmer, Acton, Mt. Gleason

SBCo.: From 2300 ft. (701 m.), at jct. of Every (Evey-added 2010) Cyn. with San Antonio Cyn., R.F. Thorne, May 29, 1969, to 8400 ft. (2561 m.), at Cucamonga Wilderness, Big Horn Pk., R.G. Swinney, July 1, 1994; May-July; uncommon; transmontane, montane, cismontane

FVS: May 29, 1969

Amblyopappus pusillus Hook. & Arn., Dwarf Coastweed

CA; Baja CA, Mex. & w. S. America

LACo.: Grant & Wheeler, Glendora, May 7, 1904, no elev. given (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: No records found.

Ambrosia acanthicarpa Hook., Annual Bur-sage, Flatspine Bur Ragweed

LACo.: From 640 ft. (195 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 0.8 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. (in main channel-added 2010), R.G. Swinney, Dec. 2, 2008, to 7492 ft. (2284 m.), at Table Mt. West, n. of Big Pines, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 8, 2008; June, Aug.-Dec.; common in disturbed areas and less so in naturalareas; all 3 sections

FVS: Oct. 26, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Rubio Reservoir, s. base of San Gab. Mts.

SBCo.: From 2001 ft. (610 m.), at Glen Helen Regional Park, marsh to w. of fishing lakes, R.G. Swinney, Nov. 7, 2008, to 6038 ft. (1841 m.), at Wright Lake, Wrightwood, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 30, 2008; Oct.-Dec.; uncommon; all 4 sections

FVS: Oct. 8, 1945, Margaret Mardinge, Cajon Pass near Devore, 2499 ft.

(762 m.)

Ambrosia dumosa (A. Gray) Payne, White Bur-sage, Burrowbush

LACo.: Carr Cyn., 1.0 mile e. of Little Rock Cr. and Carr Cyn. confl., 100 meters s. of Mt. Emma Rd., Apr. 29, 2009

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, along Mt. Emma Rd., 1/2 mile e. of Little Rock Cr. below the dam., May 11, 1973, 3400 ft. (1037 m.); R.F. Thorne & G. Wallace, 1/4 mile n. of Bob’’s Gap., 3.5 miles s. of Llano, n. slope of Holcomb Ridge, Apr. 25, 1973,

3800-3900 ft. (1159 m.) also June 21, 1978; R.F. Thorne & Dick Tilforth, n. of Bob’s Gap, June 21, 1978, no elev. given; R.D. Goeden & D.W. Rick, c. 7.5 miles s.e. of Llano, s.w. side of State Hwy. 138, 1.8 mile s.e. of Pearblosom Hwy., Apr. 30, 1970, 3519 ft. (1073 m.);

FVS: Apr. 30, 1970

SBCo.: No records found.

Ambrosia psilostachya DC., Western Ragweed, Cuman Ragweed

(synonym: A. psilostachya DC. var. californica (Rydb.) S.F. Blake)

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Canyon, 1.1 mi. n.e. of Glendora Mt. Rd. at Big Dalton Cyn. Road, 1400 ft. (427 m.); mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., near hwy. 39, n. of bike trail parking area, 1 pop. near water, Dec. 4, 2008, 800 ft. (244 m.); Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn. Percolation Basin (mouth of Big Dalton Cyn.-added 2010), Aug. 23, 1989, 1000 ft. (305 m.)

Other records: R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, Johnson’s Pasture, n. of Claremont, June 30, 1972, 1597 ft.(487 m); Louis C. Wheeler, Big Tujunga at Colby Ranch Rd., Oct. 1, 1966, 3149 ft. (960 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., c. 1/2 mile beyond Oak of the Golden Dream (same locatioin as spring collection), Nov. 11, 1967, 1700 ft. (518 m.); Jerome S. Horton, Dalton Cyn., below Dam, Aug. 27, 1936, 1499 ft. 457 m.)

FVS: Aug. 27, 1936

SBCo.: N. of Rancho Cucamonga, n.w. of Etiwanda Ave., c. 0.5 mi. s. of mouth of Day Cyn., c. 0.25 mi. e. of Day Cyn. Debris Basin, meadow, Aug. 30, 1994, 2360 ft. (720 m.); Lone Pine Cyn., Clyde Ranch, October 23, 2008, 2920 ft.

(890 m.), abundant at this location; Devore, Glen Helen Regional Park, lake & marsh, Nov. 6, 2008, 2000 ft. (610 m.); Swarthout Cyn. Rd. & Cajon Blvd. jnct., Nov. 10, 2008, 2640 ft. (805 m.); Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 1.8 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., n. of Bike Path Parking Lot at Hwy. 39, along flowing aqueduct from water filtration plant

Other records:

R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, Johnson’s Pasture and down Gail Cyn., n. of Claremont, June 30, 1972, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn., Sep. 16, 1967, 3400 ft. (1036 m.)Jerome S. Horton, Dalton (Big-added 2010) Cyn., below Dam, (Big-added 2010) Dalton Cyn. Aug. 27, 1936, 1499 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: Aug. 27, 1936

Ambrosia salsola (Torr. & A. Gray) Strother & B.G. Baldwin, (Common) Burrobrush, Cheeseweed, Cheesbush

(synonym: Hymenoclea salsola Torr. & A. Gray)

Hybridizes with Ambrosia dumosa, vars. intergrade.

LACo.: Bob’s Gap, 3.2 miles s. of Hwy. 138 on e. side of Bob’s Gap Road, Apr. 2, 2009, 4011 ft. (1223 m.)

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, So. Calif. transmission line tower (Seg. 6, str. 5 per TRTP Survey 2008) vic. of Aliso Cyn., w. of Angeles Forest Hwy., Apr. 12, 2008, (11185 m.) (elev. is in error-added 2011); Justin M. Wood, vic. of Littlerock Cr., just s.w. of jct. of Cheseboro Rd. & Mt. Emma Rd., May 10, 2010, 3191 ft. (973 m.); A.C. Sanders, D. Malueg et al., Soledad Pass area at n. foot of the mts., c. 5 miles s.w. of Palmdale, along SCE Mesa-Vlincent Powerline at pole 18-03, just s. of Vincent Substation, June 22, 1998, 3280 ft. (1000 m.); David Charlton, (n.w.) Soledad Pass, Kentucky Springs development, 1 mile s. of Hwy. 14 on Angeles Forest Hwy. (N-3), c. 5 miles (airline) s. of Palmdale, Apr. 7, 1989, 3401 ft. (1037 m.); B.C. Templeton, Shoemaker Cyn., Mar. 22, 1938, no elev. given

FVS: Mar. 22, 1938

SBCo.: Pinyon Hills, s.w. of jnct. of hwy 138 & Sheep Creek Rd., May 29, 1995, 4520-4600 ft. (1378-1402 m.)

Other records: None found

Ambrosia salsola (Torr. & A. Gray) Strother & B.G. Baldwin var. salsola, Cheeseweed, Burrobrush

[synonyms: Hymenoclea salsola Torr. & A. Gray var. salsola and A. salsola var. fasciculata (A. Nelson) Strother & B.G. Baldwin and Hymenoclea salsola var. f (A. Nelson) K.M. Peterson & W.W. Payne and Hymenoclea salsola var. patula (A. Nelson) K.M. Peterson & Payne, illeg.]

LACo.: From 2500 ft. (762 m.), at Littlerock Reservoir, N.C. Cooper, Apr. 21, 1948, to 4736 ft. (1444 m.), at Bob’s Gap at the s. edge of Bob’s Gap on slopes and roadside, and down in wash, Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et al., May 6, 2005; Apr., May, July; uncommon; transmontane

FVS: May 19, 1921, F.W. Peirson, Little Rock Cr., San Gab. Mts., 3100-3198 ft. (945-975 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Ancistrocarphus filagineus A. Gray, Woolly Fishhooks, False Nest Straw

LACo.: upper Brainard Cyn., c. 2 miles s. of Ft. Tejon Road, imm. northwest of Cima Mesa, Juniper Hills, May 13, 2009, 3680 ft. (1122 m.)

Other records:

T.S. Ross, S. D. Boyd, et al., 0.6 miles ESE of Acton; s. edge of Soledad Cyn. Wash: Apr. 30, 1991, 2760-2880 ft. (841-878 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Little Tujunga Cyn., 0.75 miles SSE of Herrers Ranch, Apr. 4, 1969, 1801 ft.

(549 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Aliso Cyn., May 9, 1967, 3100 ft. (945 m.); L.C. Wheeler, head of E. Fork Little Tujunga, May 14, 1975, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Devil’s Cyn., July 22, 1968, 4700 ft. (1432 m.); F.W. Peirson, Arraster (Arrastre-added 2011) Cr., San Gab. Mts., May 10, 1919, 3000 ft. (915 m.)

FVS: May 10, 1919

SBCo.: S.D. White & Tasha LaDoux, Foothills near Cajon Pass, n.w. of jct. of I-15 Frwy. & State Hwy. 138, c. 1 air mile w. of I-15, 1 air mile n. of Hwy. 138, May 13, 2000, 3401 ft. (1037 m.)

Anisocoma acaulis Torr. & A. Gray, Scalebud

LACo.: From 3398 ft. (1036 m.), at Little Rock Cr., n. base of San Gab. Mts., F.W. Peirson, May 19, 1921, to 7501 ft. (2287 m.), n.w. of Wrightwood, e. end of Jackson Flat, burn area of 1997, R.G. Swinney, July 8, 1998; Apr.-July; rare; transmontane, montane

FVS: June 1902, A.D.E. Elmer, Acton, Mt. Gleason

SBCo.: near summit of peak, s.e. of Oak Springs Ranch, s. of Pinon Hills, May, 27, 1996; Baldy Mesa, Phelan Peak, s. of Phelan, Apr. 13, 1996, 5150 ft.

(1570 m.); Pinon Hills, Boneyard Pk., e. of Boneyard Cyn., May 8, 1999, 5114 ft. (1559 m.); upper Cajon Cyn., nameless cyn. north of Circle Mt. & s.e. of Controversy Spring, June 3, 1995, 4799 ft. (1463 m.); Circle Mt. Peak, June 23, 1994, 6721 ft. (2049 m.) & 6800 ft. (2072 m.); Pinon Hills, c. 0.25 miles s. of Oak Springs Ranch in Oak Springs Cyn., July 6, 1995, 5600 ft. (1707 m.)

Other records:

I.W. Clokey & E.G. Anderson, w. of Cajon Pass, May, 15, 1935, 3280 ft.

(1000 m.); P.A. Munz, s. side of Cajon Pass, Apr. 27, 1921, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, s. side of Cajon Pass, May 14, 1924, 4000 ft. (1220 m.); H.M. Hall, June 3-6, 1900, Swarthout Cyn., 6596 ft. (2011 m.)

FVS: June 3-6, 1900

Antennaria dimorpha (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray, Low Pussytoes

LACo.: n.e. of Table Mt., July 2, 1998, 7000 ft. (2134 m.); with Vanessa Merritt, 4.3 mi., n. of Big Pines Hwy. on Table Mt. Rd., June 12, 1998, 6200 ft. (1890 m.); Sulphur Springs Cmpgrd. area, S. Fork Littlerock Cr., May 28, 2009, 5199 ft. (1585 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Pinyon Flat, Apr. 16, 1955, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, Pine Flats, headwaters of Tujunga, June 15, 1921, 5501 ft. (1677 m.)

FVS: June 15, 1921

SBCo.: Coldwater Cyn. between middle & west fks, Aug. 25, 1997, 6400 ft. (1931 m.); Grahm Cyn., 2.4 mi. s. of Ft. Tejon Rd., May 1, 1999, 4400 ft.

(1341 m.)

Other records:

I.M. Johnston, Coldwater Fk of Lytle Creek, July 7, 1918, 6245 ft. (1904 m.) (This is possibly the same location as Swinney’s Coldwater Cyn. record.); Soza & Gross, E. end of Devil’s Backbone, s. of Stockton Flat, May 29, 2001, 7000 ft. (2134 m.); also F.W. Peirson, May 19, 1920, 7000 ft. (2134 m.); H.M. Hall, Lytle Creek Cyn., June 1-3, 1900, 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

FVS: June 1-3, 1900

Antennaria dioica (L.) Gaertn., Stoloniferous Pussytoes

LACo.: No records

SBCo.: Chalk Peak, July 19, 1996, 6075-6089 ft. (1852-1856 m.)

Other records: None found.

Anthemis cotula L., Mayweed, Stinkweed, Dog-fennel, Stinking Chamomille

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 950 ft. (290 m.), at Fish Cyn., R.F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, May 22, 1971, 950 ft. (290 m.), to 2100 ft. (640 m.), at W. Fk. Palmer Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, June 21, 1936: May-Aug.; rare; cismontane

FVS: June 21, 1936, L.C. Wheeler, W. Fork Palmer Cyn., 2099 ft. (640 m.)

SBCo.: Cuccamonga Creek, c. 0.75 mi., s. of Almond Ave., June 11, 1994, 2000 ft. (610 m.)

Other records:

Scott D. White, Muscupiabe Hill, s. of Glen Helen Regional Park, along stream, June 23, 1992, 2106 ft. (642 m.)

FVS: June 23, 1992

+Argyranthemum foeniculum (Willd.) Sch. Bip., Dill Daisy

[synonym: A. anethifolium (Willd.) Webb]

Native to Canary Islands.

LACo.: San Gabriel River, under the Puente Largo Railway Bridge, 0.5 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., on e. side of Encanto Pkwy., w. of (east of-added 2011) El Encanto Park in Duarte, (under 2nd bridge-arch from the west-added 2011), Apr. 7, 2009, 604 ft. (184 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Artemisia biennis Willd., Biennial Wormwood

LACo.: Mike Hammitt & Jason Rick, Arroyo Seco Cyn., c. half way between the debris dam and Oakwilde Picnic Area, along Gabrielino Tr., June 25, 1991,

1797 ft. (548 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Artemisia californica Less., California Sagebrush, Coastal Sagebrush

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

Abundant below 3000 ft. (915 m.) in cismontane areas; Aug.-Dec.

LACo.: From 541 ft. (165 m.), at Irwindale, San Gabriel River Channel, within 70 meters n. of I-210 Frwy., R.G. Swinney, Nov. 30, 2008, to 3100 ft. (945 m.), Aliso Cyn., at c. 1/2 mile e. of Blum Ranch, L.C. Wheeler, Apr. 20, 1973; Jan,Feb., Apr.-July, Oct.-Dec., Abundant; cismontane

FVS: Sep. 15, 1918, F.W. Peirson, near foot of Sister Elsie Pk. Trail (n.w. Mt. Lukens), 2099 ft. (640 m.)

SBCo.: Only 1 record available. This does not reflect the level of abundance.

Richard Noyes, foothills e. of San Antonio Dam, along dirt service road following power pylons, Oct. 11, 1987, 2350 ft. (716 m.)

Artemisia douglasiana Besser, Mugwort, Douglas’ Sagewort

LACo.: From 594 ft. (181 m.), n.e. of E. Huntington Dr., Lario San Gabriel River Trail, Ellen Mackey, Oct. 19, 2006, to 6599 ft. (2012 m.), at E. Fork Rd. crossing over the N. Fork of the San Gabriel River, Islip Saddle, T.B. Salvato & Sarah Flack, Aug. 8, 2007, 6599 ft. (2012 m.); Feb., June-Nov.; fairly common along stream bottoms; transmontane at Santiago Cyn., Orlando Mistreta, Sep. 13, 1994, no elev. given, montane, cismontane

FVS: Aug. 14, 1915, D.L. Crawford, Palmer Cyn., Claremont

SBCo.: From 2401 ft. (732 m.), at Cucamonga, c. 0.5 miles s.e. of mouth of Day Cyn., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 30, 1994, to 6196 ft. (1889 m.), at Wrightwood, M.N. Ackley, Oct. 1928; Apr., July-Oct.; uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Oct. 15, 1922, P.A. Munz, Cucamonga Cyn., 1998 ft. (609 m.)

Artemisia dracunculus L., Tarragon

LACo.: From 1099 ft. (335 m.), at Little Tujunga Wash, 0.5 miles above bridge on the rd. from Sunland to San Fernando, C.B. Wolf, July 2, 1931 to 7550 ft.

(2302 m.), at CA Hwy. 2 between Dawson Saddle and jct. of CA Hwy. 39, 1.6 mi. from Dawson Saddle; Apr., Aug.-Oct.; uncommon; transmontane, montane, cismontane at Big Santa Anita Cyn. & Little Tujunga Wash

FVS: 1915, Miss Mohr., San Gabriel River (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: From 1699 ft. (518 m.), n. of Upland (dry fan near mouth of cyn.), Cucamonga Cyn., P.A. Munz, Oct. 15, 1922, to 7872 ft. (2400 m.), at Sheep Mt. Wilderness, e. hdwtrs. of Prairie Fk. at base of Pine Mt. Ridge, e. end of abandoned dirt rd. at confl. of e. branches of Prairie Fk., Oct. 19, 1994: _______________

Other records-locations only:

meadow at mouth of Day Canyon; Lone Pine Canyon, Clyde Ranch; Spring Hill, s. of Barrett Village; Cherry Cyn. Flats “Dry Lake”, s. of Sugar Loaf Mt.; Cajon Wash near Devore Heights off ramp at old 395; Sheep Mt. Wilderness, e. head water of Prairie Fork, at base of Pine Mt. Ridge; June-Nov.; 2276-7872 ft. (694-2400 m.)

FVS: Aug. 21, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Cr., 7000 ft.

(2134 m.)

Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt., Silver Wormwood, White Sagebrush

LACo.: From 2782 ft. (732 m.), at E. Fork San Gabriel River, canyon c. 200 meters n. of Allison Gulch, R.G. Siwnney, July 28, 1999, to 8020 ft. (2445 m.), at Wrightwood area, Flume Cyn., spring c. 200 meters n. of Guffy Cmpgrd., spring on n.-facing slope; R.G. Swinney, Aug. 16, 1999 (plants collected here by Joseph Andorfer Ewan in 1934, det. as A. ludoviciana ssp. incompta); May, July-Nov.; rare; all 3 sections

FVS: Nov. 11, 1928, Ralph Hoffman, Little Rock Dam, no elev. given

SBCo.: Wrightwood at Wright Lake, Aug. 12, 1996, 6038 ft. (1841 m.); Wrightwood, ridge n. of town, June 20, 1996, 6501 ft. (1982 m.); Prairie Fk., Sheep Mt. Wilderness, e. headwaters at base of Pine Mt. Ridge, e. terminus of abandoned dirt rd. at jct. of furthest e. branches of Prairie Fk., Oct. 19, 1994, 7400 ft. (2256 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Oct. 19, 1994

Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. albula (Woot.) D.D. Keck, White Sagebrush

LACo.: T.S. Ross, s. side of Prairie Fk., in the draw between Columbine Spring & Camp Lupine, Aug. 17, 1990, 6698-6957 ft. (2042-2121 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Santiago Cyn., at jct. of FS Rd. 4N20 with Santiago Cr., Sep. 21, 1994, 4000 ft. (1220 m.); C.B. Wolf, 1 mile e. of Wrightfwood Lodge, Swartout Valley, Oct. 23, 1931, 5996 ft. (1828 m.); Joseph Andorfer Ewan, s. end of Blue Ridge (Guffy Spring), Aug. 4, 1934, 7997 ft. (2438 m.); I.M. Johnston, Pine Mt. Ridge, Aug. 22, 1917, 7997 ft. (2438 m.)

FVS: Aug. 22, 1917, I. M. Johnston, Pine Mt. Ridge, 7997 ft. (2438 m.)

SBCo.: Wrightwood, 10-20 meters w. of Twin Lakes Rd., on n. side of Hwy. 2, along Wash, Aug. 15, 1994, 5799 ft. (1768 m.); Wrightwood, Heath Cyn., c. 1.7 miles s.w. of Lone Pine Cyn., Rd., Aug. 15, 1994, 6799 ft. (2073 m.) (also det. as Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. incompta)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, 0.1 miles s.e. of Guffy Camp, Aug. 29, 1946, 8150 ft. (2485 m.); F.W. Peirson, Ranger Station, Swarthout Valley, Sep. 1, 1923, 5900 ft. (1704 m.)

FVS: Sep. 1, 1923

Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. incompta (Nutt.) D.D. Keck, White Sagebrush

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, Swartout Valley, July 7, 1922, 5897 ft. (1798 m.); Joseph Andorfer Ewan, s. end of Blue Ridge (Guffy Spring), Aug. 9, 1936, 8397 ft.

(2560 m.); A. Munz, Swartout Valley, narrow n.-facing cyn. at old sawmill, Sep. 1, 1923, 6698 ft. (2042 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Little Rock Cr. upstream from Basin Cmpgrd., Oct. 2, 1995, 3400 ft. (1037 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Santiago Cyn., at jct. of FS Road 4N20 with Santiago Cr., Sep. 21, 1994, 4000 ft. (1220 m.); C.B. Wolf, 1 mile e. Wrightwood Lodge, Swartout Valley, Oct. 23, 1931, 5996 ft.

(1828 ); Joseph Andorfer Ewan, s. end of Blue Ridge (Guffy Spring), Aug. 1934, 7997 ft. (2438 m.); I.M. Johnston, Pine Ridge, San Antonio Mts., Blue Ridge, Aug. 22, 1917, 7997 ft. (2438 m.)

FVS: Aug. 22, 1917

SBCo.: The following 2 records also det. as Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. albula

Wrightwood: Heath Cyn., 1.7 mi. s.w. of Lone Pine Cyn. Rd., Aug. 15, 1994, 6800 ft. (2073 m.); w. of Twin Lakes Rd. on n. side of hwy 2 along Wrightwood Wash, Aug. 15, 1994, 5800 ft. (1768 m.)

Other records:

I.M. Johnston, Pine Mt., Aug. 22, 1917, 8000 ft. (2439 m.)

FVS: Aug. 22, 1917

Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. ludoviciana, White Sagebrush

LACo.: R.F. Thorne & John Olmstead, near Camp Lupine, along Prairie Fk., Aug. 26, 1965, 6500 ft. (1982 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Pine Mt. Ridge, Sep. 4, 1967, 7350 ft. (2240 m.); F.W. Peirson, San Gab. Mts., Sep. 1, 1923, 6596 ft.

(2011 m.); Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock Cr., July 6, 1897, 4995 ft. (1523 m.)

FVS: July 6, 1897

SBCo.: No records found.

Artemisia nova A. Nelson, Black Sagebrush

LACo.: Annetta M. & Arthur Carter, open rolling hills, n.w. of Horse Flats, Sep. 13, 1935, 6698 ft. (2042 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Artemisia tridentata Nutt., Great-basin Sagebrush, Big Sagebrush

LACo.: From 5199 ft. (1585 m.) Sulphur Spring Cmpgrd. area, S. Fork Little Rock Cr., R.G. Swinney, Oct. 10, 2008, to 8246 ft. (2514 m.), at crest, Pine Mt. Ridge, I.M. Johnston, Aug. 22, 1917; Aug.-Oct.; uncommon; transmontne, montane

FVS: Aug. 22, 1917, I.M. Johnst., crest of Pine Mt. Ridge, 8246 ft. (2514 m.)

SBCo.: From 2699 ft. (823 m.), at Cajon Pass, Cajon Wash & adj. foothill slopes, +/-, 2-3 road miles s. of Hwy. 138 crossing, ______, to 6229 ft. (1899 m.), at Wrightwood, M.N. Ackley, Oct. 1928; May, Sep.-Nov.; common; montane, Cajon Pass

FVS: May 16, 1903, Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, no elev. given

+Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. parishii (A. Gray) H. M. Holl & Clem., Big Sagebrush

LACo.: T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd., et al., Soledad Cyn. Wash, c. 1/2 mile e. of Acton, Apr. 30, 1991, 2720 ft. (829 m.); Orlando Mistretta, drainage w. of Little Rock Cr. Res., Apr. 5, 1995, 3000 ft. (1006 m.); H.A. Jensen, N. Pinyon Ridge, June 1, 1934, 5497 ft. (1676 m.); H.A. Jensen, Pallet, June 1, 1933, 3798 ft. (1158 m.);

L.E. Hoffman, Arroyo Seco, Mar. 18, 1926, no elev. given (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Mar. 18, 1926

SBCo.: No records found.

Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. tridentata, Basin Big Sagebrush

LACo.: From 3979 ft. (1213 m.), at Santiago Cyn., Orlando Mistretta, Sep. 13, 1994, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at Blue Ridge, R.F. Thorne & J. Dourley, Oct. 10, 1967; June-Oct.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: June 18, 1921, P.A. Munz, head of Swartout Valley, 6796 ft. (2072 m.)

SBCo.: Norman Frazier, Hwy. 138, El Cajon Pass, Apr. 23, 1948, no elev. given; F.R. Fosberg, Lone Pine Cyn.,Nov. 22, 1931, 4592 ft. (1400 m.); F.W. Peirson, N. Fork Lytle Cr., Sep. 15, 1920, no elev. given

FVS: Sep. 15, 1920

Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ssp. vaseyania (Rydb.) Beetle, Mountain Big Sagebrush

LACo.: June Latting, Big Rock Cr. Fire Station, Fenner Cyn., Oct. 6, 1965,

5199 ft. (1585 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Baccharis glutinosa Pers., Saltmarsh Baccharis

(synonym: B. douglassii DC.) The name B. glutinosa was misappl. by N. American botanists to B. salicifolia for many years.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Live Oak Cyn., Oct. 7, 1933, 2300 ft. (701 m.)

SBCo.: Keikth Thompson, Lytle Cr., Feb. 8, 1970, 2598 ft. (792 m.); L.C. Wheeler, San Gab. Mts., Glen Ranch, Lytle Cr., Sep. 16, 1967

FVS: Sep. 16, 1967

Baccharis pilularis DC., Chaparral Broom, Coyotebrush

[synonym: B. pilularis DC., ssp. consuguiniea (DC.) C.B. Wolf.]

LACo.: From 659 ft. (201 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 1 mile n. of Foothill Blvd., R.G. Swinney, Dec. 4, 2008, to 2650 ft. (807 m.), at Angeles Crest Hwy. at Twin Cyn. (Slide Cyn. on bridge), L.C. Wheeler, Oct. 23, 1967; Aug., Oct.-Dec.; rare; cismontane

FVS: Oct. 23, 1967

SBCo.: Lone Pine Cyn., 0.6-1.2 mi. s.w. of Lost Lake on s. side of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., Oct. 19, 1994, 2880 ft. (875 m.)

Other records: Scott D. White, Cucamonga bajada at the e. foot of mts., between Beryl Ave. & Hellman Ave., 3 mi. n. of Foothill Blvd., 1800 ft. (549 m), Mar. 16, 1998

FVS: Oct. 19, 1994

Baccharis pillularis DC. ssp. consuguiniea (DC.) C.B. Wolf., Coyotebrush

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., ¼ miles s.e. of Sierra Hwy., Nov. 11, 1967, 1479 ft. (451 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Pine Cyn., off Arroyo Seco, Oct. 10, 1967,

2276 ft. (694 m.)

FVS: Oct. 10, 1967

SBCo.: No records found.

Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. ssp. salicifolia, Mule Fat

(synonym: B. glutinosa Pers., misappl.)

Abundant throughout in montane & cismontane cnyn. bottoms and water courses, mostly below 3500 ft., all months

LACo.: From 541 ft. (165 m.), at Irwindale, San Gabriel River channel, within 70 meters n. of the I-210 Frwy., R.G. Swinney, Nov. 30, 2008, to 6599 ft. (2012 m.), at E. Fork of Puzzle Cyn. near old homesite at 2800 Deep Cr. Canyon Rd., R.G. Swinney, June 28, 1999; Feb.-June, Aug., Nov., Dec.; uncommon in transmontane, common in cismontane

FVS: Jan 1, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Claremont foothills

SBCo.: From 1860 ft. (567 m.), at s. side of mouth of Lytle Cr. Cyn., c. 100 meters n. of Devore Rd., and 0.8 miles s.w. of Sierra Ave. and Lytle Cr. Road jct., R.G. Swinney, Mar. 15, 1993, to 3200 ft. (976 m.), at San Antonio Cyn., along Mountain Ave., 0.5 mi. above lower San Antonio Ranger Station, along Stoddard Cyn. Creekbed, P. Dinius, Apr. 29, 1987; Mar., Apr., Aug.-Oct.; Uncommon; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS:

Baccharis salicina Torr. & A. Gray, Emory’s Baccharis

(synonym: B. emoryi A. Gray)

LACo.: Glendora, Little Dalton Cyn. Debris Basin on Colby-Dalton Tr., Nov. 11, 1992, 1200 ft. (366 m.)

Other records:

Scott D. White & Brian Leatherman, Santa Clara River Watershed, headwater of Iron Cyn. & Oak Springs Cyn., Jan 29, 1997, 3805 ft. (1160 m.); L.C. Wheeler, trib. to Eaton Wash, Nature Center, Sep. 26, 1967, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, W. Fork San Gabriel River, 0.5 miles e. of Bear Cr., Sep. 9, 1946, 1700 ft. (518 m.); L.C. Wheeler, pond 1/2 mile w. from Barrel Springs, San Andreas Rift Zone, July 23, 1967, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, W. Fork San Gabriel River, 0.5 mi. e. of Bear Cr., Nov. 9, 1946, 1700 ft. (518 m.)

FVS: Sep. 9, 1946

SBCo.: Lone Pine Cyn., 1.2 mi. s. of Lost Lake, Oct. 19, 1994, 2880 ft.

(875 m.); Confluence of Lone Pine Cyn. & Cajon Wash, Nov. 10, 2008, 2640 ft. (805 m.)

Other records: L.C. Wheeler, e. side of Lower Lytle Creek Ridge along Apple White Rd., Sep. 16, 1967, 3000 ft. (914 m.)

FVS: Sep. 16, 1967

Baccharis sarothroides A. Gray, Broom Baccharis, Desertbroom

LACo.: Glendora, e. end of S. Hills, at end of High Country Dr., Sep. 11, 1989, 1000 ft. (305 m.). Most likely introduced along roadside, by 2005 plants fairly common throughout the e. portion of the South Hills, several plants in the central area of South Hills as well; 1 plant in lower Morgan Cyn. in Glendora’s n.e. foothills in 2005, plant was veg., not yet collected.

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Baccharis sergiioides A. Gray, Desert Baccharis

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, W. Fork Red Box Rd., c. 1/2 mile w. of Newcomb Pass Trail, Nov. 26, 1966, 3500 ft. (1066 m.);; Michael Horn, Mescal Cr. Topo, take dirt rd. 4N06, 2.5 miles n. of Hwy. CN4 to Reservoir, e. 1/8 mi. on unnamed dirt rd. to site., Apr. 30, 1991, 4800 ft. (1462 m.) (Mescal Cr.-added 2011); Donna Walker, 2.0 mi. from up in Santa Anita Cyn., on right side of stream, Chantry Flats Ranger Station on Santa Anita Cyn., May 22, 1983, 1998 ft. (609 m.)

FVS: May 22, 1983

SBCo.: No records found.

Bahiopsis laciniata (A. Gray) E.E. Schill. & Panero, San Diego County Viguera, Tornleaf Goldeneye

(synonym: Viguiera laciniata A. Gray)

Status CNPS List: 2 R-E-D Code: 1-2-1 State/Fed. Status: none

LACo.: Long-abandoned gravel pit, Irwindale/Azusa boundary, n. of 210 Frwy., e. of Irwindale Ave., R.G. Swinney, May 4, 1998, 551 ft. (168 m.); also collected by A.C. Sanders, at same approx.. location, Mar. 14, 2003, 520 ft. (159 m.) (just s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 4, 1998

SBCo.: No records found.

Baileya pauciradiata Harv. & A. Gray

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Cecil Hart, Cajon Pass, May 10, 1926, no elev. given. (possibly outside San Gb. Mts. boundary)

Baileya pleniradiata Harv. & A. Gray ex A. Gray, Woolley Desert Marigold

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, 0.5 mi. n. of Boneyard Pk., June 30, 1999, 4681 ft. (1427 m.)

Other records: None found.

Bebbia juncea (Benth.) Greene var. aspera Greene, Sweetbush

LACo.: Azusa/Duarte, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., on w. side of main channel at 1.2 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., 2 pop. within 200 m., 1 in deep sand, 20 + plants on rock-made levee structure., Mar. 31, 2009, 600 ft. (183 m.)

Other records: None found

SBCo.: James Henrickson, San Gab. Mts. region, 12 air miles n.w. of San Bernardino in Lower Lytle Cr. Wash, c. 2-4 miles n. of I-15, May 2, 1985, 2400- 2800 ft. (732-854 m.)

Bidens laevis (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb., Bur-marigold, Smooth Beggartick

LACo.: Hansen Dam Flood Control Basin, e. end of Hansen Lake, n. lake margin at east end of Hansen Lake, Oct. 15, 2010, 1040-1080 ft. (317-329 m.) (not yet processed)

Other records:

(This elevation is below the boundary for the San Gabriel Mts. and therefore must be s. of Azusa, along the river); L.C. Wheeler, Gauging Staiton near Big Tujunga Ranch, Big Tujunga, Sep 23, 1950; LeRoy Gross, Tujunga Ponds, w. of 210 Frwy. in Big Tujunga Wash, City of Sunland, Oct. 16, 1998, 1200 ft. (365 m.);

L.C. Wheeler, San Gabriel River, Oct. 20, 1933, 249 ft. (76 m.)

FVS: Oct. 20, 1933

SBCo.: Devore, Glen Helen Regional Park, along bank of n. most fishing lake,

Oct. 9, 1994, 2000 ft. (610 m.)

Other records:

P.H. Raven, Cajon Cyn. below Cajon Station, at Cajon Cmpgrd., Sep. 17, 1961, 2600 ft. (793 m.)

FVS: Sep. 17, 1961

Bidens pilosa L., Common Beggar Ticks, Spanish-Needles, Hairy Beggartick

(synonym: B. pilosa L. var. pilosa)

Native to the American tropics.

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at San Gabriel River Wash, Azusa, w. of levee between the Foothill Blvd. crossing & the San Gabriel Valley Gun Club., Scott D. White & Pam DeVries, Nov. 25, 1997, to 2299 ft. (701 m.), at Claremont foothills, H.P. Chandler, Jan. 1, 1897; Jan-May, Oct.-Dec.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Jan. 1, 1897

SBCo.: No records found.

Brickellia californica (Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray, California Brickellbush

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at San Gabriel River Wash: Azusa; alluvial from w. of levee, between Foothill Blvd. crossing area, San Gabriel Valley Gun Club, S.D. White & Pam DeVries, to 7961 ft. (2427 m.), at summit of Iron Mt. (on San Antonio Ridge-added 2010), R.G. Swinney, Aug. 13, 1998; May, Aug.-Dec.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: Mar. 24, 1898, Grant, Pasadena, beyond Arroyo Seco, no elev. given (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary) & Aug. 10, 1900, LeRoy Abrams, San Gabriel (Canon) Canyon, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 1998 ft. (609 m.), at base of San Antonio Cyn., S. See, Oct. 17, 1956, to 6960 ft. (2122 m.), at middle branch of W. Fork Lytle Cr., n.e. of Mt. Harwood, c. 0.5 miles w. of Stockton Flat, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 19, 1996; June- Nov.; uncommon ?; montane, cismontane, Cajon Wash

FVS: July 31, 1917, I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Mts., Icehouse Cyn., 7230 ft. (2209 m.)

Brickellia desertorum Coville., Desert Brickelbush

LACo.: Valyermo, Devil’s Punchbowl County Park, Holcomb Cyn., s. of S. Fk. Trail, Aug. 17, 2005, 4599 ft. (1402 m.)

Other records:

Michael Honer, San Antonio Cyn., along Mt. Baldy Rd. between Spruce Cyn & “Hog Back”, June 22, 1904, 2801 ft. (854 m.)

FVS: June 22, 1904

SBCo.: Falling Rock Cyn., 0.8 mi. s. of Ice House Cyn., July 11, 1996,

7239 ft. (2207 m.)

Other records: D.A. Young, Upland, Highland Ave., n. of Mt. Ave., Mar. 11, 1969, 1400 ft. (427 m.)

FVS: Mar. 11, 1969

Brickellia grandiflora (Hook.) Nutt., Tasselflower Brickellbush

LACo.: No records found:

SBCo.: Mabel Esmond, Camp Baldy, Campfire Girls, June 1928, no elev. given

Brickellia incana A. Gray, Wooly Brickellbush

LACo.: Robert H. Gill, base of San Gabriel Dam, Sep. 30, 1959, no elev. given (CCH comment by Andy Sanders, Sep. 24, 2007: Very odd location for this species. Might this be B. nevinii?)

SBCo.: No records found.

Brickellia microphylla (Nutt.) A. Gray, Littleleaf Brickellbush

Vars. intergrade.

LACo.: From 4500 ft. (1372 m.), at Mine Gulch, E. Fork San Gabriel River, L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 12, 1970, to 7550 ft. (2303 m.), at Hwy 2, between Dawson Saddle & jct. of Hwy. 39, 1.6 mi. from Dawson Saddle, Wayne E. Sawyer, Aug. 30, 1981; July-Nov.; Uncommon; transmontane, montane

FVS: Nov. 11, 1928, R. Hoffman, Little Rock Dam, no elev. given

SBCo.: Middle Fork of W. Fork Lytle Creek, Aug. 19, 1996, 6960 ft. (2122 m.); Dog Bone Cyn, a w. trib. of N. Fork Lytle Creek, Aug. 21, 1996, 7880 ft.

(2402 m.); Alpine Cyn, a lower N. Fork trib. of Lytle Creek, Oct. 24, 1998,

7040 ft. (2146 m.)

Other records: V. Soza, LeRoy Gross, Baldy Ski Area, Big Buck Wash, s. of Miner’s Bowl, July 18, 2001, 7501 ft. (2287 m.); F.W. Peirson, N. Fork of Lytle Creek, Sep. 9, 1920, 6000 ft. (1829 m.); I.M. Johnston, Aug. 21, 1917, 5497 ft. (1676 m.)

FVS: Aug. 21, 1917

Brickellia microphylla (Nutt.) A. Gray var. microphylla, Littleleaf Brickellbush

(synonym: B. watsonii B.L. Rob.)

LACo.: Frank W. Peirson, just under the preciptous wall of rock that rises the (probably should be to or to the-added 2011) San Gabriel Pk., Eaton Cyn., Oct. 22, 1921, 555396 ft. (1645 m.); F.W. Peirson, head of Swartout Valley, June 17, 1921, 6800 ft. (2072 m.)

FVS: June 17, 1921

SBCo.: F.W. Peirson, N. Fork Lytle Cr., Sep. 5, 1920, 5996 ft. (1828 m.); I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Cyn., Nov. 17, 1918, no elev. given; I.M. Johnston, upper San Antonio Cyn., Aug. 21, 1917, 5497 ft. (1676 m.)

FVS: Aug. 21, 1917

Brickellia nevinii A. Gray, Nevin’s Brickellbush

Status CNPS List: 4 R-E-D Code: 1-1-3 State/Fed. Status: none

LACo.: Status:

Cismontane locations: From 751 ft. (229 m.), at San Gabriel River Cyn., n. of Azusa, river wash, n. of Hwy. 39, c. 2 rd. miles n. of Foothill Blvd., Scott D. White, May 21, 1997, to 6000 ft. (1829 m.), at Prairie Fk. of E. San Gabriel River, L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 16, 1956

Transmontane locations: Valyermo, Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, Holcomb Cyn., s. of S. Fork Trail, Aug. 17, 2005, 4599 ft. (1402 m.); L.C. Wheeler, S. Fork Big Rock Cr., near mouth, Sep 12, 1953

West-end locations: John Dittes, Big Tujunga Cyn., 2.4 air miles s. of Mt. McKinley, 4.3 air miles w. of Big Tujunga Res., 3.4 air miles n.e. ...(not continued in the remaining voucher label-added 2011), Nov. 3, 2006, 1899 ft. (579 m.); Justin M. Wood, 1.5 air miles n.e. of Big Tujunga Dam where Fall Cr. crosses ANF Rd. (3N27), Nov, 21, 2008, 2624 ft. (800 m.); Peter H. Raven, 1 mile n. of summit above Pacoima Cyn. ( Sand Cr.) Sand Cyn., Sep. 24, 1961, 2398 ft.

(731 m.); R.F. Thorne, Big Tujunga Cyn., June 26, 1971, 1400 ft. (427 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Gold Cyn. Trail, Tujunga Ranger Dist., July 14, 1992, no elev. given; LeRoy Gross, Andrea E. Gutman, et al., Tujunga Ponds, Sep. 8, 2000, 1100 ft. (335 m.)

Cumulative: May- Nov.; Uncommon

FVS: Oct. 10, 1903, C.F. Baker, San Antonio Cyn., near Claremont

SBCo.: No records found.

Brckellia oblongifolia Nutt. var. linifolia (D.C. Eaton) B.L. Rob.

LACo.: Anstruther Davidson, San Gab. Mts., no date, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary.)

SBCo.: Anstruther Davidson, San Gab. Mts., no date, no elev. given. (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary.)

Calendula officinalis L. , Pot Marigold

Native origin unknown.

LACo.: Glendora, Blue Bird Hills, Aug. 25, 1989, 2607 ft. (795 m.) (possibly planted, near homesite-added 2012)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: Wrightwood, Wright Lake, 6039 ft. (1841 m.)

Other records: None found.

Calycoseris parryi A. Gray, Yellow Tackstem

LACo.: Big Rock Cr. at Paradise Springs Camp (now Big Rock Cr. Camp-added 2010), May 2 & 5, 2008, 4822 ft. (1470 m.)

Other records:

Le Roy Gross, w. terminus of Holcomb Ridge, w. of Big Rock Creek, May 3, 2005, 3769 ft. (1149 m.); Vanderplank, Gross & Hoskinson, s. edge of Bob’s Gap on slopes, roadside & down in wash, May 6, 2005, 4736 ft. (1444 m.); P.A. Munz, Head of Sheep Creek, June 18, 1921, 5000 ft. (1524 m.); R.F. Thorne, 1/4-1/2 mi. n. of Bob’s Gap, N. slope of Holcomb Ridge, May 11, 1973, 3800 ft. (1159 m.); Justin M. Wood, Little Rock Cr., downstream of Little Rock Reservoir, within 0.25 mi. of the dam., May 10, 2010, 3168 ft. (966 m.); F.W. Peirson, Little Rock Creek, May 20, 1921, 3201 ft. (976 m.)

FVS: May 20, 1921

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, Oak Springs Cyn., July 6, 1995, 5700 ft. (1738 m.), in burn area of 1994; Pinon Hills, “Oak Hills”, w. end of Sunnyslope Rd., Apr. 3, 1997, 4800 ft. (1483 m.)

Other records:

H.M. Hall, n. slope of Cajon Pass, May 1, 1905, 3496 ft. (1066 m.)

FVS: May 1, 1905

Carduus pycnocephalus L. ssp. pycnocephalus, Italian Plumeless Thistle

Native to Medit.

LACo.: From 554 ft. (169 m.), at Irwindale, between the I-210 Fwy. & Foothill Blvd. on w. side of San Gabriel River Channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 7, 2009, to 2919 ft. (890 m.), at SDEF, Fern Cyn., R.G. Swinney, May 30, 1998; Apr., May, July; rare according to CCH records, I believe the records are inadequate and that the numbers are increasing and would place it as uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Apr. 30, 1988, Richard Noyes & L. Arnseth, Claremont, dry drainage bed, 100 meters e. of Thompson Cr. Dam, 1640 ft. (500 m.)

SBCo.: Salvato & Sanders, c. 0.5 mi. n.w. of Keenbrook at Power line Crossing of Cajon Creek, May 4, 2000, 2499 ft. (762 m.)

Carduus tenuiflorus W. Curtis, Winged Plumeless Thistle

Native to c. Europe.

LACo.: SDEF, 1988, weed, disturbed areas (no documented voucher found)

SBCo.: No records found.

Centauria benedicta (L.) L., Blessed Thistle

(synonym: Cnicus benedictus L.)

Native to Europe.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., c. 0.25 miles e. of Hwy., June 26, 1967, 1499 ft. (457 m.); L.C. Wheeler, San Gabriel Cyn., Sep. 26, 1933, 1197 ft.

(365 m.); Ebert Benjamine, San Dimas Cyn., Apr. 15, 1929

FVS: Apr. 15, 1929

SBCo.: Scott D. White, Cajon Pass, Cajon Wash, just s. of Hwy. 138 crossing, Apr. 16, 1997, 2900 ft. (884 m.)

Centaurea cyanus L., Bachelor’s Button, Garden Cornflower

Native to s. Europe.

LACo.: Glendora, Blue Bird Hills, n.-facing slope of Big Dalton Cyn., just below upper mtwy., Aug. 15, 1989, 2600 ft. (795 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Centaurea melitensis L., Tocalote, Maltese Star-thistle

Native to s. Europe.

LACo.: From 554 ft. (169 m.), at Irwindale, between the I-210 Fwy. & Foothill Blvd. on w. side of San Gabriel River Channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 7, 2009 to 2900 ft. (884 m.), at San Antonio Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 5, 1932; Apr.-June, Sep., Nov.; fairly common throughout, often abundant in disturbed areas; cismontane

FVS: May 31, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Claremont, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

SBCo.: Freda Detmers, Lytle Creek Cyn., May 10, 1993

Centaurea stoebe L. ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek, Spotted Knapweed

(synonym: C. maculosa L.)

Native to Europe.

LACo.: S.D. White, SDEF, Tanbark Flats, Aug. 25, 2000, 2900 ft. (732 m.), also J. Hartman, May 22, 2001

SBCo.: Stoddard Flat, s. of Barrett Village, July 25, 1995 & Nov. 2008,

4450-4480 ft. (1357-1366 m.), number of plants significantly greater in 2008, most likely due to fire in 2005

Other records: None found.

Centromadia pungens (Hook. & Arn.) Greene ssp. pungens, Common Spikeweed or Tarweed

[synonyms: Hemizonia pungens (Hook. & Arn.) Torr. & A. Gray ssp. septentrionalis D.D. Keck and C. pungens ssp. septentrionalis (D.D. Keck) B.G. Baldwin]

LACo.: Steve Boyd & Orlando Mistretta, n. of Sylmar & s. of Santa Clarita, just n. of May Pk., June 10, 1993, 2998 ft. (914 m.); Anstruther Davidson, Little Rock Cr., Sep. 29, 1897, no elev. given

FVS: Sep. 29, 1897

SBCo.: No records found.

Chaenactis artemisifolia (Harv. & A. Gray ex A. Gray) A. Gray, White Pincushion

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 800 ft. (243 m.), near mouth of Fish Cyn., R.F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, May 22, 1971, to 4799 ft. (1463 m.), at San Dimas Cyn., R. Tyson, June 18, 1942; Apr.-June, Aug.; uncommon, most common after fires; cismontane

FVS: May 24, 1897, H.P.C., Fulkerson’s Ranch, Claremont, 2398 ft. (731 m.)

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne, Cucamonga Cyn., along truck trail, June 9, 1971, 2600 ft. (793 m.); W. Bertsch, Mt. Baldy Rd., June 9, 1954, 1998 ft. (609 m.); especially after burns

FVS: June 9, 1954

Chaenactis fremontii A. Gray, (Desert Pincushion or Fremont’s) Pincushion Flower

LACo.: W. Fk. Punchbowl Cyn., near n. boundary of Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, 0.6 miles s.w. of Big Rock Cr. Rd., May 8, 2008, 4146 ft. (1264 m.); e. side of Big John Pk., w. of Mescal Cr. above Big John Flat, June 5, 1999, 5838 ft. (1780 m.); Carr Cyn., 0.5-1.0 mile e. of Littlerock Creek confl., Apr. 29, 2009, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, along Mt. Emma Rd., 1/2 mile e. of Little Rock Cr., below the dam, May 11, 1973, 3400 ft. (1037 m.); LeRoy Gross & Orlando Mistretta, Big Rock Cr., n. & e. of Valyermo Ranger Station, off Big Pines Hwy., May 13, 2003,

3750 ft. (1143 m.); A.C. Sanders, D. Malueg, et al., Soledad Pass area at the n. foot of the mts., c. 5 miles s.w. of Palmdale along SCE Mes-Vincent power lines at pole 18-03, just s. of Vincent Substation, June 22, 1998, 3280 ft. (1000 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Little Rock Cr. (n. base of San Gab. Mts.), May 19, 1921,

3149 ft. (960 m.)

FVS: May 19, 1921

SBCo.: Pinon Hills area, Sheep Creek, 0.8 mi. s. of Hwy 138 on Scrub Oak Rd., May 29, 1995, 4540 ft. (1384 m.)

Other records:

Gross, Fraga, Hogshead, above Upland, Frankish Cyn., s. front of side of mt., May 2, 2005, 2349 ft. (716 m.); R.F. Thorne & L. Smith, slope of ridge between Cajon Cyn. & Lone Pine Cyn. May 30 1966, 3497 ft (1066 m.)

FVS: May 30, 1966

Chaenactis glabriuscula DC., Yellow Pincushion

[synonyms: C. glabriuscula DC. var. curta (A.Gray) Jeps. and C. glabriuscula DC. var. enuifolia (Nutt.) H.M. Hall] Highly variable.

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at confl. of Van Tassel & San Gabriel Cyns., 1.3 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., on the w. bank of the San Gabriel River Channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 16, 2009, to 6199 ft. (1890 m.), n.w. of Jackson Lake at Ball Flat, 0.7 miles n. of Big Pines Hwy., on 4N16, Ball Flats Rd., R.G. Swinney, June 12, 1998; Mar.-June; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: June 28, 1918, F.W. Peirson, foothills e. of (which is about 2 miles n. of Pasadena), Rubio Cyn., 1998 ft. (609 m.)

SBCo: Stoddard Flat, s. of Varrett Village, July 25, 1995, 4451 ft. (1357 m.); Upper Cajon Cyn., unnamed cyn. north of Circle Mt. & s.e. of Controversy Spring, June 3, 1995, 4799 ft. (1463 m.); 1.7-2 miles n.w. of Gobler’s Knob (Upper Lytle Creek Ridge (Blue Ridge), 300 meters n. of Pacific Crest Trail, July 9, 1993, 7400 ft. (2256 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: July 9,1993

Chaenactis glabriuscula DC. var. glabriuscula, Yellow Pincushion

[synonyms: C. glabriuscula var. aurea (Greene) Stocke. and C. glabriuscula var. curta (A. Gray) Jeps. and C. glabariuscula var. tenuifolia (Nutt.) H.M. Hall]

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

Uncommon, mostly in dry cistmontane areas, maybe abundant locally

LACo.: From 800 ft. (244 m.), near mouth of Fish Cyn., R.F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, May 22, 1971, to 7200 ft. (2195 m.), n.w. of Crystal Lake, T. Ross, S.D. Boyd., et al., June 25, 1990, Mar.-July; Uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: 1890, Anstruther Davidson, San Gab. Mts., foothills (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: From 2496 ft. (761 m.), at Lytle Cr. Cyn., H.M. Hall, June 1-3, 1900, to 5497 ft. (1676 m.), at Lytle Cr. Cyn., H.M.. Hall, June 1-3, 1900; Apr.-July; Uncommon; all 4 sections

FVS: June 1-3, 1900

+Chaenactis glabriuscula DC. var. lanosa (DC.) H.M. Hall, Yellow Pincushion

LACo.: T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., ridgetop to the w. of Crystal Lake, (ridge descending SSW from Mt. Islip), June 25, 1990, 6186-6880 ft. (1886-2098 m.);

8 records from Claremont which are all most likely s. of the E. San Gab. Mts. boundary); F.W. Peirson, Little Tujunga Wash, May 30, 1920, 1099 ft. (335 m.)

FVS: May 30, 1920

SBCo.: No records found.

+Chaenactis santolinoides Greene, Santolina Pincushion

(synonym: C. santolinoides Greene var. indurata Stockw.)

Related to C. douglasii var. alpina

LACo.: From 4200 ft. (1280 m.), at Big Rock Cr., P.A. Munz, May 25, 1923, to 9800 ft. (2986 m.), at e. slope W. Baldy Pk., along trail from bowl, R.F. Thorne & Robert Frampton; May-Sep.; uncommon; all 3 areas

FVS: June 12, 1893, Anstruther Davidson, Mt. Disappointment

SBCo.: From 5320 ft. (1622 m.), at Pinon Hills, at jct. of Desert Front Rd.(Oak Spring Rannch Rd.) and Oak Spring Ranch, June 29, 1995, to 9296 ft.

(2834 m.), along w. & upper end of Devil’s Backbone, June 27, 1968; May-Aug., Oct.; uncommon; transmontane, montane

Other records by author-locations only:

Circle Mt. summit; Lone Pine Cyn, Upper Lytle Creek Ridge; Sugarloaf Peak; Timber Mt.;

Other records-locations only:

I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Pk.; L.C. Wheeler, Wildhorse Cyn.; Ross & Fritsch, Devil’s Backbone Tr., between Wright & Pine Mt’s.; Fritsch & Ross, NNE of Baldy Notch; Thorne, Tilforth & Dourley, n.-facing slope of Pine Mt.; I.M. Johnson, Middle Fork of Bear Creek, along Lookout Trail; Fred Burleu, Mt. San Antonio;

FVS: June 3-6, 1900, H.M. Hall, w. of Swarthout Cyn., 6196 ft. (1889 m.)

Chaenactis stevioides Hook. & Arn., Desert Pincushion, Desert Pincushion, Esteve’s Pincushion

[synonyms: C. stevioides var. brachypappa (A. Gray) H. M. Hall and C. stevioides var. stevioides]

LACo.: From 3001 ft. (915 m.), at Littlerock Cr., 0.3 miles n.w. of Littlerock Creek Cmpgrd., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 24, 2009, to 7387 ft. (2252 m.), e. of Table Mt. & n.w. of Wright Ridge, R.G. Swinney, May 27, 1996; Mar.-June; fairly common; transmontane, montane

FVS: June 5, 1906, A. Davidson & Hasse, Rock Cr.

SBCo.: Horse Cyn.; Boneyard Pk.; Pinon Hills, w. of Green Rd., n. of Oak Springs Ranch; 2 mi. w. of Gobler’s Knob, 300 m. north of the Pacific Crest Tr.; Circle Mt. summit; May-July; 4800-7760 ft. (1468-2366 m.)

Other records:

F.C. Vasek, Cajon Cyn., 1.4 mi. south of jct. of Hwy’s. 138 & 2, May 29, 1963,

3510 ft. (1070 m.)

FVS: May 29, 1963

Chaenactis xantiana A. Gray, Xantus’ Chaenactis, Fleshcolor Pincushion

LACo.: From 3500 ft. (1067 m.), at Hunt Cyn., 3 miles e. of Vincent, L.C. Wheeler, May 12, 1967, to 7250 ft. (2209 m.) at summit of Le Montane, n. of Big Pines, n. side of San Gabriel Mts., F.W. Peirson, July 5, 1922; Apr.-July; uncommon; transmontane, montane

FVS: June 9, 1906, A. Davidson & Hasse, Big Rock Cr.

SBCo.: From 4621 ft. (1409 m.), at Baldy Mesa, 1.3 miles n.e. of Hwy. 138 on FS Rd. 3N24, 100-300 meters n.w. of where FS Road 3N24 crosses ridgetop, near Nuss Ranch, R.G. Swinney, June 3, 1995, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at 1.7-2 miles n.w. of Gobblers Knob (upper Lytle Cr. Ridge/Blue Ridge), 300 meters n. of Pacific Crest Trail, R.G. Swinney, July 9, 1993; Apr.-July; uncommon; transmontane, montane

FVS: June 3-6, 1900, H.M. Hall, Swarthout Cyn, San Antonio Mts., 5796 ft. (1767 m.)

Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus (Hook) Nutt., Yellow Rabbitbrush

[synonyms: C. viscidiflorus ssp. latifolius (D.C. Eaton) H.M. Hall & Clem. and C. viscidiflorus ssp. pumilus (Nutt.) H.M. Hall & Clem. and C.viscidiflorus ssp. stenophyllos (H.Gray) H.M. Hall & Clem.]

LACo.: A.C. Browne, Valyermo, Oct. 23, 1955, no elev. given.

SBCo.: No records found.

Cichorum intybus L. Chicory

Native to Europe.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. Village across st. from post office (sunny flat which is kept mowed), July 12, 1968, no elev. given

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., Canada Thistle

Native to Europe.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Foster Ranch, Sycamore Cyn., s. slope Johnstone Peak, (San Dimas-added 2010), July 2, 1968; L.C. Wheeler, Bluebird Truck Trail, (Glendora-added 2010), Apr. 13, 1968, 1476 ft. (450 m.)

FVS: Apr. 13, 1968

SBCo.: No records found.

Cirsium brevistylum Cronquist, Clustered Thistle

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Chantry Flat, Big Santa Anita Cyn., July 17, 1948, no elev. given.

SBCo.: No records found.

Cirsium mohavense (Greene) Petr., Mojave Thistle

(synonym: C. virginense S.L. Welch)

LACo.: I.M. Johnston, Prairie Fk. of San Gabriel River, Aug. 22, 1917, 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Cirsium occidentale (Nutt.) Jeps., Cobwebby Thistle

Variable complex; some plants may not be assignable to var. Needs study.

LACo.: J. Bogdanoff-Lord, Claremont at Baldy Rd., 3.9 mi. NNE of Base Line & Mills Ave’s., May 21, 1989; L.C. Wheeler , Claremont, Palmer Cyn., June 21, 1936, 2300 ft. (701 m.)

FVS: June 21, 1936

SBCo.: Frankish Peak June 8, 1996, 4149 ft. (1265 m.); Ralston Pk., July 8 1996, 4549 ft. (1387 m.)

Other records:

D. Headrick, Cajon Pass, Devore, Kenswood Ave. at old Hwy 15, May 1, 1987, 2263 ft. (69 m.); Salvato & Sanders, Cajon Creek, Cajon Pass, c. 0.5 mi. s. of Bluecutt & C. 0.5 m. n.w. of Keenbrook at Power line Crossing, May 4, 2000, 2499 ft. (762 m.); Goeder & Ricker, Lone Pine Cyn., Swarthout Cyn. Rd., c. 7.5 miles s.e. of Wrightwood, May 21, 1984, 3000 ft. (915 m.); Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 19, 1994, 2650 ft. (808 m.); Thorne, Tilforth, et. al., near Lost Lake, near mouth of Lone Pine Cyn., June 29, 1972, 2768 ft. (844 m.)

FVS: June 29, 1972

+Cirsium occidentale (Nutt.) Jeps. var. californicum (A. Gray) Keil & C. Turner, California Thistle, Cobwebby Thistle

Intergrades with C. occidentale var. venustum in s. Sierra Nevada & s. So. Coast Range

LACo.: From 800 ft. (243 m.), near mouth of Fish Cyn., R.F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, May 22, 1971, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at high point of E. Table Mt., Wrightwood area, R.G. Swinney, July 2, 1998; Apr.-July; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: May 11, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Claremont, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

SBCo.: From 2201 ft. (671 m.), at Lytle Cr. Rd., 2.2 mi. from I-15 offramp at Sierra Ave., D.L. Ill, May 25, 1985, to 4550 ft. (1387 m.), at Ralston Pk., w. of Hwy. 215 (I-15 Fwy.-added 2010), in Cajon Wash, s. of St. Hwy. 138, e. of Lone Pine Cyn. Rd., near jct. Hwy. 138, R.G. Swinney, July 8, 1995; May-July; uncommon; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June 10, 1973, June Latting, Lone Pine Cyn., s.e. of Wrightwood, 3.6 mi. above Hwy 138, 4301 ft. (1311 m.)

+Cirsium occidentale (Nutt.) Jepson var. occidentale, Cobwebby Thistle

(synonym: C. occidentale var. coulteri)

LACo.: Five records from Claremont: Edmund C. Jaeger, Apr. 2, 1926; Lyman Benson, Indian Hill, Mar. 29, 1947, 1400 ft. (427 m.); Mrs. J. Potter, June 6, 1909; P.C. Everett & Balls, June 10, 1960, 1200 ft. (366 m.); Benjamin Store, Blanchard Park May 1952, 1096 ft. (334 m.)

Additional records:

Bob Arthur, Monrovia Cyn, n. Cyn Blvd., 1 mi. from gate, May 10, 1964, 2000 ft. (610 m.), L.C. Wheeler, Pallett Creek, May 12, 1968, 4198 ft. (1280 m.);T.S. Clare, Mrs. Johnstone, Eaton Canyon Rd., Oct. 20, 1929, 3000 ft. (915 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Mt. Gleason Management Unit, Mt. Gleason, Aug. 20, 1992, no elev. given

FVS: Apr. 2, 1926, Edmund C. Jaeger, Claremont, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Cirsium occidentale (Nutt.) Jeps. var. venustum (Greene) Jeps., Venus Thistle, Cobwebby Thistle

Plants with pale corolla, are difficult to separate from C. occidentale var. californicum

LACo.: LC. Wheeler, Pallett Cr., May 12, 1968, 4198 ft. (1280 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Indian Canyon, “Cmpgrd.:, May 24, 1967, 2700 ft. (822 m.)

FVS: May 24, 1967

SBCo.: No records found.

Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten., Bull Thistle

Native to Europe.

Common throughout below 7000 ft., mostly in disturbed areas, native to Eur.

LACo.: From 800 ft. (244 m.), n. of Azusa, parallel to Hwy. 39, along unnamed dirt access rd. to gauging station below Morris Dam, Scott D. White, May 21, 1997, to 4999 ft. (1524 m.), at head of Dry Lake Cyn., at “Dry Lake”, site of CCC Camp in 1930’s, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 7, 1996; Feb.-Aug., Oct.; Fairly Common; cismontane

FVS: July 12, 1933, L.C. Wheeler, mouth of San Antonio Cyn., 2400 ft. (731 m.)

SBCo.: From 2640 ft. (805 m.), at springs at confl. of Cajon Wash & Lone Pine Cyn., between north & s.-bound RR Tracks, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 12, 1996, to 7045 ft. (2148 m.), at Sheep Flats, s. of Icehouse Cyn., c. 1 air mile, n. of Ontario Pk., R.G. Swinney, July 10, 1995; July, Aug., Oct.; Uncommon; transmontane, montane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Oct. 14, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn., Clyde Ranch, no elev. given

Coreopsis tinctoria Nutt., Calliopsis, Golden Tickseed

Native to n.w. & e. US.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Lytle Creek Cyn., 5.3 mi. n. of Devore Rd., June 22, 1993, 2800 ft.

(854 m.)

Other records: None found.

Corethrogyne filaginifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt., California Aster, Common Sandaster

[synonyms: Lessingia filaginifolia (Hook. & Arn.) M.H. Lane and C. filaginifolia var. filaginifolia]

LACo.: From 1225 ft. (373 m.), at Thompson Wash, 2 miles n.e. LaVerne, L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 24, 1932, to 7396 ft. (2255 m.), at Inspiration Lookout along Angeles Cr. Hwy. near jct. with rd. to Blue Ridge Camp, R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, Aug. 29, 1966; May-Dec.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: Sep. 1, 1918, I.M. Johnston, near Browns Flat, 4300 ft. (1311 m.)

SBCo.: From 1750 ft. (534 m.), n. of Etiwanda, bounded on w. by Etiwanda Ave., on the east by E. Ave, on the s. by 24th St., Moureen Pendleton, June 4, 1987, to 7495 ft. (2285 m.), near stream below San Antonio Ski Hut., Peter H. Raven & H.L. Wedberg, Aug. 17, 1957; June-Nov.; common throughout; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Aug. 21, 1917, I.M. Johnston, upper San Antonio Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 5497 ft. (1676 m.)

Cotula australis (Sieber ex Spreng.) Hook. f., Australian (Brass-buttons) Waterbuttons, Australian Cotula

Native to Australia.

LACo.: From 541 ft. (165 m.), at I-210 Fwy. from mouth of San Gabriel Cyn. between Foothill Blvd. & the main river channerl, to 300 meters east, R.G. Swinney, Dec. 2, 2008, to 2099 ft. (640 m.), at Santa Anita Res., 4-acre sediment placement site, e. side of the Channel & 0.4 miles s. of the Elkins Ave. entrance gate, T.B. Salvato & Sandra Murcea, Mar. 28, 2007; Feb..-Dec.; uncommon in disturbed; cismontane; native to Australia

FVS: Mar. 8, 1936, Millard Cyn., 1500 ft. (457 m.)

SBCo.: Muscupiabe “Sycamore Flats”, Mar. 18, 1993, 1961 ft. (598 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Muscupiabe Hills, Mar. 6, 1968, 2200 ft. (670 m.)

FVS: Mar. 6, 1968

Cotula coronopifolia L., Common Brassbuttons

Native to s. Africa.

LACo.: Fay A. MacFadden, Tejunga {Tujunga} Cyn., Apr. 10, 1931, no elev. given.

SBCo.: No records found.

Crepis acuminata Nutt., Long-leaved Hawksbeard, Tapertip Hawksbeard

(synonym: C. acuminata ssp. acuminata)

LACo.: Pine Mt. Ridge, Sep. 7, 1998, 8340-8720 ft. (2543-2659 m.); E. Table Mt. summit, July 17, 1997, 7470 ft. (2277 m.); Far E. head water of Prairie Fk., Oct. 19, 1994, 7872 ft. (2400 m.); summit of Table Mt., n.w. of Wrightwood, July 17, 1997, 7469 ft. (2277 m.); Dawson Pk. Ridge Trail at far n.e. trib. of Upper Fish Fk. San Gabriel River, 1.3 miles w. of Dawson Pk., Sep. 7, 1998, 8279 ft. (2524 m.)

Other records:

R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, upper part of large sloping meadow at Big Pines, July 9, 1969, 6849 ft. (2088 m.); F.W. Peirson, Prairie Fk. San Gabriel River, July 17, 1921, 6596 ft. (2011 m.); I.M. Johnston, Pine Mt. Ridge, Aug. 22, 1922, 8197 ft. (2499 m.) and July 6, 1918, at 7997 ft. (2438 m.); L.R. Abrams, Coldwater Cyn., July 12, 1902

FVS: July 12, 1902

SBCo.: Wright Mt. summit, July 12, 1993, 8470-8505 ft. (2582-2593 m.)

Other records:

Thorne, Tilforth, Dourley, N.-facing slope of Pine Mt., July 28, 1971, 9500 ft. (2896 m.); I.M. Johnston, Pine Mt. Ridge, July 6, 1918, 8000 ft. (2439 m.)

FVS: July 6, 1918

Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr., Smooth Hawksbeard

Native to Europe.

LACo.: Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock Cr., July 6, 1873, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Crepis nana Richardson, Dwarf Alpine Hawksbeard

LACo.: ESE of upper Fish Fork Cmpgd. Fish Fork, San Gabriel River,

Aug. 14, 1999, 7440 ft. (2268 m.)

Other records:

Fred Burlew, Mt. San Antonio, Aug. 1916, no elev. given; Orlando Mistretta, Devils Backbone along trail to Mt. Baldy, July 30, 1991, c. 9000 ft. (2744 m.); Fred E. Burlew, Mt. San Antonio, e. side, a few hundred feet below summit, July 13, 1916

FVS: July 13, 1916

SBCo.: Saddle between Pine Mt. & Wright Mt., Aug. 10, 1995, 8450 ft.

(2576 m.); Middle Branch of W. Fork Lytle Creek, Aug. 19, 1996, 7120 ft.

(2171 m.); Dogbone Cyn., Oct. 24, 1998, 7640 ft. (2329 m.)

Other records:

Fred E. Burlew, Mt. San Antonio, e. side, a few hundred feet below summit, July 13, 1916; & R.E. Riefner, Mt. Baldy Summit, Devils Backbone Tr., Aug. 18, 1996; Orlando Mistretta, w. slope of Telegraph Pk., July 1,1993, 8200 ft. (2499 m.); J.R. Shevock, base of Mt. Harwood on Forest Service Tr. 7W04,

Oct. 8, 1977, 9600 ft. (2927 m.); R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., very steep ridge running n. from Pines Mt. Peak toward Wright Mt., July 28, 1971, 8797 ft. (2682 m.)

FVS: July 28, 1971

Cynara cardunculus L., Cardoon, Artichoke Thistle

Native to s. Europe.

LACo.: Glendora, Bluebird Hill, July 12, 1989, 1300 ft. (396 m.)

Other records:

Valerie Soza, et al., w. of Morris Res., 2.5 mi. along Silver Fish Road (FS Rd. 2N28) from San Gabriel Cyn. Road (Hwy 39), July 5, 2000, 2099 ft. (640 m.)

FVS: July 12, 1989

SBCo.: No records found.

Deinandra fasciculata (DC.) Greene, Clustered Tarweed

[synonym: Hemizonia fasciculata (DC.) Torr. & A. Gray]

CA to central Baja CA, Mex.; reported as a weed in Massachusetts

LACo.: From 1099 ft. (335 m.), at c. 1/2 mile n. of Sierra Madre Ave. on N. Pennsylvania Ave., R.G. Swinney, May 4, 1969, to 2758 ft. (841 m.), at ridge dropping westward from Loop Cyn. Rd. toward Wilson Cyn., T. S. Ross & Orlando Mistretta, May 27, 1993; May-Aug.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Aug. 10, 1915, D.L. Crawford, foothills above Claremont, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records available

Delairea odorata Lem., German Ivy, Cape Ivy

(synonym: Senecio mikanioides Otto ex Walp.)

Native to s. Africa.

LACo.: From 1000 ft. (305 m.), above Irwindale, Fish Cr. Cyn., from the mouth of cyn. at Cal Mat Quarry, upstream to falls, Scott D. White & P. DeVries, May 18, 2000, to 4950 ft. (1508 m.), at Millard Cyn., c. Natl. Forest Boundary, L.C. Wheeler, Dec. 15, 1968 [township/range & elev. are suspect-Soza] or 1699 ft. (518 m.), at Big Santa Anita Cyn., c. 1/4 m. down from the trib. of Winter Cr., e. of Chantry Flats, LeRoy Gross, Dec. 9, 2001; Jan., Feb., Apr.-July, Dec.; rare; cismontane; most likely persisting from old homesites in most cases

FVS: Dec. 15, 1968, L.C. Wheeler, Millard Cyn. at about Natl. Forest boundary, 4950 ft. (1508 m.) (elev.-suspect-Soza)

SBCo.: No records found.

Dieteria canescens (Pursh) Nutt., Hoary-aster, Hoary Tansyaster

[synonym: Machaeranthera canescens (Pursh) A. Gray,

LACo.: Pacifico Mt. Summit, July 29, 2009, 7000 ft. (2134 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Dieteria canescens (Pursh) Nutt. var. canaescens, Hoary-aster, Hoary Tansyaster

[synonym: Machaeranthera canescens (Pursh) A. Gray var. canescens]

Rare in montane coniferous and pinyon-juniper woodland plant communities.

LACo.: From 5997 ft. (1828 m.), at Angeles Crest Hwy. near Three Points, R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., Aug. 11, 1972, to 7492 ft. (2284 m.), at w. summit of Table Mt., n.e. of Big Pine, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 25, 2009; July-Oct.; rare, all 3 areas (Lopez Cyn. by Robert A. Schlising, on Oct. 19, 1971 does not list the elev., it would have the lowest elev.)

Other records:

R.G. Swinney, Table Mtn. Campground area, July 14, 1997, 7240 ft. (2207 m.), and R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, July 9, 1969; R.G. Swinney, confluence of Fenner Cyn. & Big Rock Creek, Aug 14, 2008, 5380 ft. (1640 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Mescal Creek (“very head”), Aug 30 1923, 7295 ft. (2224 m.); P.A. Munz, Swarthout Valley, Aug. 30, 1923, 7300 ft. (2226 m.) (possibly the same location as Peirson’s entry above); I.M. Johnston, Prairie Fk. San Gabriel River; Aug 22, 1917, 6498 ft. (1981 m.); P.A. Munz, n. of Big Pines, Swarthout Valley, Aug. 30, 1923, 7295 m. (2224 m.); Geo. R. Hall, Swarthout Cyn., Sep 1, 1904, 6997 ft. (2133 m.); B.C. Templeton, Ranger Station at Big Pines Rd., Aug. 27, 1932,

6845 ft. (2087 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Lupine Campground, Prairie Fk., Sep. 5, 1967, 6500 ft. (1982 m.)

FVS: Sep. 1, 1904, Geo. R. Hall, Swartout Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 6996 ft. (2133 m.)

SBCo.: D.F. Howe, Cajon Pass, Oct. 21, 1945

Dimorphotheca sinuata DC., African Daisy, Namaqualand Daisy, Glandular Cape Marigold

Native to s. Africa

LACo.: LaVerne, 2.1 mi. n.e. of Wheeler Ave. & Golden Hills Jnct. on Sunset Ridge Rd., along dirt mtwy., Apr. 26, 1998, 1800 ft. (549 m.); Glendora, w. ridge of Mystic Cyn. on shoulder of Poop Out Tr., Apr. 2004, 1350 ft. (412 m.)

Other records: B. Pitzer, Soledad Cyn., vic. of Soledad Pass, Soledad Cyn. Rd., c. 0.5 miles s. of Sierra Hwy., May 23, 1983, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

FVS: May 23, 1983

SBCo.: Cajon Pass, 200 m. s. of Kendall Dr. on Cajon Blvd., Apr. 13, 1996,

1950 ft. (595 m.)

Other records: None found.

Eclipta prostrata (L.) L., False Daisy

(synonym: E. alba (L.) Hassk.)

A weed on all continents.

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn. Debris Basin, Sep. 16, 1989, 1100 ft.

(335 m.), damp soil; San Dimas, San Dimas Cyn, Puddingstone Diversion Dam, Oct. 20, 2008, 1161 ft. (354 m.) damp soil; Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 1.8 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., n. of Bike Trail Parking Lot, along flowing aqueduct of water filtration plant, Dec. 4, 2008, 731 ft. (223 m.), damp soil;

Other records:

John Dittes, Big Tujunga Cyn., c. 2.7 air-miles s. of Mt. McKinley, c. 3.8 air-miles w. of Big Tujunga Res., c. 3.6 air-miles n.e. of Mt. Gleason Jr. High School at edge of Big Tujunga Cr., Nov. 3, 2006, 1647 ft. (512 m.); Scott D. White, Monrovia, Sawpit Cyn., below Sawpit Dam, Oct. 15, 2004, 1299 ft.

(396 m.); LeRoy Gross, Big Tujunga Wash, e. of 210 Frwy., Sep. 18, 1998,

1200 ft. (365 m.); L.C. Wheeler, W. Fork San Gabriel Cyn., Camp Rincon, Oct. 27, 1966, 1499 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: Oct. 27, 1966

SBCo.: Glen Helen Regional Park, developed fishing Lake, Oct. 9, 1994,

2000 ft. (610 m.)

Encelia actoni Elmer, Actons’ (Encelia) Brittlebush

LACo.: From c. 1800 ft. (549 m.), at 1.3 miles e. of jct. of Antelope Frwy. with Soledad Cyn. Rd. along latter, near jct. of Bee Cyn. with Santa Clara River Valley, R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, June 17, 1971, to 6360 ft. (1939 m.), at Pinyon Ridge, e. half of ridge, directly n. of Fenner Cyn., T.S. Ross, Peter W. Fritsch, et al., June 22, 1990; May, June; uncommon; transmontane

FVS: June 13, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Rock Cr., San Gab. Mts., 4248 ft. (1295 m.)

SBCo.: Horse Cyn., n.e. of wrightwood, June 18, 1999, 5420-5600 ft.

(1652-1707 m.); Phelan Pk., Baldy Mesa, s. of Phelan, June 1, 1996, 5159 ft. (1573 m.); n.e. of Wrightwood, Horse Cyn., n.w. of Circle Mt., 100-200 yards e. of State Hwy. 2, c. 200 ft. south of Horse Cyn. Road, June 12, 1994

Other records:

P.A. Munz, s. of Cajon Pass, June 14, 1927, 4002 ft. (1220 m.) (possibly e. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: June 14, 1927

Encelia californica Nutt., California Brittlebush

Native to the nearby coastal areas.

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: Azusa, 0.7 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave. on n. side of San Gabriel River channel, c. 100 meters n. of Hwy. 39, Mar. 19, 2009, 754 ft. (230 m.), several plants naturalizing from nearby landscaping.

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Encelia farinosa A. Gray ex Torr., Incienso, Brittlebush

Native to more arid surrounding desert areas. Commonly planted along hwys.

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at mouth of San Gabriel River, c. 100-350 meters n. of Foothill Blvd., e. bank, R.G. Swinney, Feb. 16, 1998, to 1699 ft. (518 m.), at lower Glendora Ridge Mtwy (1N26) above Azusa, Michael Denslow & S.D. Boyd, May 7, 2003; Feb.-July; rare; cismontane (possibly originating from hydroseeding along San Gabriel River Wash along Foothill Blvd. at Azusa/Duarte. First record on July 8, 1967 by L.C. Wheeler at Van Tassel Cyn, no elev. given - one large mature shrub with numerous seedlings and young plants. Next record on Apr. 22, 1969 by R.G. Swinney at w. side of jct. of Sierra Ave. & Vernon Ave.,Azusa, at 649 ft. (198 m.), this area now subdivided)

FVS: July 8, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, Point of hills between Fish & Van Tassel Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: One record: Sycamore Flat (Muscupiabe) at Devore Rd., hydroseeded with landscaping at road extension, Feb. 18, 1995, 2010 ft. (613 m.)

Other records: None found.

Ericameria albida (A. Gray) L.C. Anderson, Whiteflower Rabbitbrush

[synonym: Chrysothamnus albidus (M.E. Jones ex A. Gray), Greene]

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: M. Anthony, Cajon Grade, Apr. 15, 1954

Ericameria arborescens (A. Gray) Greene, Goldenbush, Goldenfleece

Closely related to E. Parishii.

LACo.: Robert Gill, San Antonio Cyn., Oct. 4, 1959, 3398 ft. (1036 m.); Dietr. H. Witten, 1.0 mile s., along Los Angeles Co. Rd. 3, Tujunga Cyn. Bridge, Aug. 1, 1967; Kay H. Beach, 1 mi. above SDEF, Glendora Mt. Rd. (rd. to Sunset), Oct. 1, 1942, 3500 ft. (1067 m.)

FVS: Oct. 1, 1942

SBCo.: No records found.

Ericameria cooperi (A. Gray) H.M. Hall var. cooperi, Cooper’s Goldenbush

Hybridizes with E. liniarifolia (DC.) Urbatsch & Wussow.

LACo.: From 2749 ft. (838 m.), at Arrastre Cyn.,, n. side of San Gabriel Mts., F.W. Peirson, May 10, 1919, to 4736 ft. (1444 m.), at Bob’s Gap, at the s. edge of Bob’s Gap on slopes and roadside and down in the wash, Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et al., May 6, 2005; Apr.-June; uncommon; transmontane

FVS: May 10, 1919

SBCo.: From 2801 ft. (854 m.), at Cajon Pass Cajon Wash, c. 1-2 miles s. of Hwy. 138 crossing, Scott D. White, May 1, 1997, to 4890 ft. (1491 m.), at ridgetop, c. 4 miles s.e. of Circle Mt., 1.5-1.8 miles w. of Lone Pine Cyn. Rd., R.G. Swinney, June 18, 2000; Apr.-June, Nov.; uncommon; montane at upper Lone Pine Cyn.,Cajon Pass

FVS: May 1, 1885, S.B. Parish & W.F. Parish, Lytle Cr., San Bernardino Mts., Lytle Cr., no elev. given

Ericameria cooperi (A. Gray) H.M. Hall X E. linearifolia (DC.) Urbatsch & Wussow

LACo.: LeRoy Gross, w. terminus of Holcomb Ridge, w. of Big Rock Creek, n. of Fort Tejon Rd., w. of Valyermo Rd., May 3, 2005, 3560-3984 ft.

(1085-1215 m.)

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, Horse Cyn., May 29, 1995, 4500 ft. (1372 m.)

Other records: None found.

Ericameria cuneata (A. Gray) McClatchie, Cliff Goldenbush

LACo.: Waterman Mt., July 24, 2008, 7911 ft. (2412 m.)

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta, along Trail, South Fk. of Big Rock Cr., surveying from Reed Spring to Islip Saddle near Reed Spring, July 12, 1994, 5999 ft. (1829 m.); C.M. Hoak & M.N. Ackley, Big Tujunga Lake, Dec. 7, 1930, 1998 ft. (609 m.)

FVS: Dec. 7, 1930

SBCo.: From 3077 ft. (938 m.), at Cajon Pass, c. 0.75 miles n. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd. on FS Rd. 3N49, R.G. Swinney, Nov. 2, 1991, to 5852 ft. (1784 m.), at Middle Fk. Lytle Cr., major trib. on s. side , c. 350 meters w. of Stone House Crossing, c. 500 m. up trib. to first major fk., R.G. Swinney, Sep. 26, 1992; Sep., Nov.; uncommon; montane, Cajon Pass

FVS:

+Ericameria cuneata (A. Gray) McClatchie var. cuneata , Rock Goldenbush, Cliff Goldenbush

LACo.: From 1801 ft. (549 m.), at San Gabriel River, W. Fk., between Bear Cr. & Rincon Red Box Rd., Scott D. White & Justin M. Wood, Oct. 7, 208, to 8495 ft. (2590 m.), at Mt. Waterman, Fordyce Grinnell, Jr., Sep. 20, 1916; May, June, Aug.- Nov.; rare; all 3 sections

FVS: Aug. 11, 1915, Anstruther Davidson, Ice Cyn.

SBCo.: From 4198 ft. (1280 m.), at wash, riparian zone, and slopes along San Antonio Cr., between Mt. Baldy (town) and Ice House Cyn., Scott D. White & Michael Honer, June 29, 2004, to 6747 ft. (2057 m.), at Middle Fk. Lytle Cr., I.M. Johnston, July 29, 1917; June, July, Sep.-Nov.; rare; montane

FVS: Oct. 1, 1881, S.B. Parish & W.F. Parish, Cucamonga Mts., no elev. given

Ericameria cuneata (A. Gray) McClatchie var. spathulata (A. Gray) H.M. Hall, Cliff Goldenbush

Intergrades with E. cuneata var. cuneata.

LACo.: SDEF, 1988, San Dimas Experimental Forest, rock outcrops and cliffs, (no documented voucher found)

SBCo.: No records found.

+Ericameria ericoides (Less.) Jeps., Mock Heather, California Goldenbrush

Hybridizes with E. nauseosa.

LACo.: Geo.L. Moxley, Arroyo Seco, Pasadena, July 5, 1915, no elev. given; Robert H. Gill, San Antonio Cyn., Oct. 4, 1959, 3398 ft. (1036 m.); Ralph Philbrick, San Antonio Cyn., Sep. 30, 1954, 2299 ft. (701 m.); A.E. Wieslander, Tujunga Cyn., Apr. 10, 1928, no elev. given.

FVS: Apr. 10, 1928

SBCo.: K. Rayburn, 200 yds. south on Mt. Baldy Rd., n. of Upland Fire Station, San Antonio Cyn. Fire Station & Mt. Baldy Rd., May 10, 1980, 2998 ft. (914 m.); Oscar F. Clarke, 0.5 miles n. in the W.-bank of Lytle Cr. Wash, just n. of Devore Cut-Off, in Fontana, Sierra Ave.-Lytle Cr. Wash, Devore & Sierra Madre Ave., Nov. 4, 1969

FVS: Nov. 4, 1969

Ericameria linearifolia (DC.) Urbatsch & Wussow Pall. ex Pursh G.L. Nesom & Baird, Interior Goldenbush, Narrowleaf Goldenbush

Hybridizes with E. cooperi (A. Gray) H.M. Hall.

LACo.: From 1200 ft. (365 m.), at Big Tujunga Wash, e. of 210 Frwy., w. of Big Tujunga Cyn. Rd., LeRoy Gross, May 15, 1998, to 6340 ft. (1933 m.), at Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, Peak 6374 ft. at extreme s.e. corner of Park, on an extension of Pleasant View Ridge, R.G. Swinney, June 10, 2008; Mar.-June; fairly common; transmontane, montane

FVS: June 1, 1906, Anstruther Davidson, San Gab. Mts. Reg., Big Rock Cr., no elev. given

SBCo.: From 2001 ft. (610 m.), at Lower Cajon Cyn., F.W. Peirson, Apr. 16, 1919, to 6100 ft. (1890 m.), at Circle Mt. Pk., s.e. of Wrightwood, R.G. Swinney, July 9, 1995; May-July; fairly common; transmontane, montane, cismontane at Lytle Cyn., Lyman Benson, June 12, 1945, 4100 ft. (1249 m.), Cajon Pass

FVS: Apr. 28, 1902; H.M. Hall, San Bernardino Basin region, Cajon Pass,

2001 ft. (610 m.) (elev. could be within the San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & G.I. Baird, Rubber Rabbitbrush

[synonym: E. nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & Baird ssp. nauseosa, Rubber Rabbitbrush]

Highly variable

LACo.: From 5199 ft. (1585 m.), at Big Rock Cr. Fire Station, Fenner Cyn., June Latting, Oct. 6, 1976, to 9118 ft. (2780 m.), at Throop Pk., w. of Mt. Baden-Powell, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 27, 2001; Aug.-Oct.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: Oct. 6, 1976, June latting, Big Rock Cr. Fire Station, Fenner Cyn., 5199 ft. (1585 m.)

SBCo.: From 2637 ft. (804 m.), at confl. of spring from Swarthout Cyn. & Cajon Wash, R.G. Swinney, Nov. 14, 1992, to 6038 ft. (1841 m.), at Wright Lake, Wrightwood, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 30, 2008; Apr.-Aug., Oct.-Dec.; fairly common; transmontane, montane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Nov. 14, 1992 (likely not det. to subspecific level)

Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & G.I. Baird var. bernardina (H.M. Hall) G.L. Nesom & G.I. Baird, Bernardina Rabbitbrush

(synonyms: E. nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & Baird ssp. nauseosa var. bernardina (H.M. Hall) G.L. Nesom & Baird, Rubber Rabbitbrush and

Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pall ex Pursh) Britton ssp. bernardinus (H.M. Hall) H.M. Hall & Clem.]

Sometimes confused with E. nauseosa var. oreophila and E. n. mohavensis.

CA & n. Baja Ca, Mex.

LACo.: From 5297 ft. (1615 m.), at trail along w. slope of Mt. Markan, F.W. Peirson, Sep. 7, 1918, to 8197 ft. (2499 m.), at ridge s. of Swartout Valley, P.A. Munz, Aug. 31, 1923; June, Aug, Sep.; rare; montane, cismontane

FVS: Aug. 1893, H.E. Hasse, Acton no elev. given (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: P.H. Raven & H.L. Wedberg, near San Antonio Ski Hut, Apr. 17, 1957, 8397 ft. (2560 m.); A. Lewis, head of Sheep Cyn., June 14, 1932, 5596 ft.

(1706 m.); Richard Noyes, Ice House Cyn., Sep. 19, 1987, 5796 ft. (1767 m.); Norman Frozren, Hwy 138, El Cajon Pass, Apr. 23, 1988; I.M. Johnston, Pine Mt., Aug. 22, 1917, 7997 ft. (2438 m.)

FVS: Aug. 22, 1917

+Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & G.I. Baird var. ceruminosa (Durand & Hilg.) G.L. Nesom & G.I. Baird, Desert Rabbitbrush

[synonyms: E. nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & Baird ssp. consimilis (Greene) G.L. Nesom & Baird var. ceruminosa (Durand & Hilg.) G.L. Nesom & Baird and Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pall. Ex Pursh) Britton ssp. ceruminosus (Durand & Hilg.) H.M. Hall & Clem.]

LACo.: Steve Boyd, just w. of mouth of San Antonio Cyn., Feb. 3, 1990, no elev. given

SBCo.: C.M. Hoak & M.N. Ackley, Cajon Camp, Oct. 12, 1930, 2896 ft.

(883 m.); R.S. Woglum, Cajon Pass, Sep. 26, 1938; Verne & Adele Lewis Grant, coastal side of Cajon Pass, Oct. 29, 1950, 3000 ft. (915 m.); M. N. Ackley, Wrightwood, Oct. 1928, 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

FVS: Oct., 1928

Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & Baird ssp. consimilis (Greene) G.L. Nesom & Baird, Rubber Rabbitbrush (status uncertain)

LACo.: From 1000 ft. (305 m.), at Glendora, Big Dalton Spreading Grounds (below Big Dalton Cyn. Debris Basin-added 2010), R.G. Swinney, Aug. 23, 1989, to 6813 ft. (2077 m.), at Antonio Pk. (Lookout Mt.) , ridge e. of Cattle Cyn., & w. of the W. Fork Bear Cyn., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 19, 1997; July-Nov.; fairly common ?; all 3 sections

FVS: Sep. 1, 1923, P.A. Munz, Saw Mill, Swartout Vallley, 7300 ft. (2026 m.)

SBCo.: From 3000 ft. (915 m.), at Cajon Pass at Cajon, J.C. Roos, Oct. 11, 1950, to 8945 ft. (2727 m.), at Telegraph Pk., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 11, 1994; June, Aug.-Oct.; fairly common ?; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Aug. 2, 1904, C.F. Baker, San Antonio Cyn., near Claremont, no elev. given

Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & G.I. Baird var. hololeucus (A. Gray) G.L. Nesom & G.I. Baird, White Rabbitbrush, Rubber Rabbitbrush

[synonyms: E. nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & Baird ssp. nauseosa var. hololeuca (A. Gray) G.L. Nesom & Barid and Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pall ex Pursh) Britton ssp. hololeucus (A. Gray) H.M. Hall & Clem]

LACo.: From 1699 ft. (518 m.), at Placerita Cyn., c. 1/2 mi. beyond Oak of the Golden Dream (same location as spring collection), L.C. Wheeler, Nov. 11, 1967, to 5750 ft. (1753 m.), at 10 miles n.w. of Big Pine, Lyman Benson, Nov. 7, 1949; Apr., June, Sep.-Nov.; rare-uncommon; transmontane, montane

FVS: Dec. 1, 1930, B.E. Stark, collected near Wrightwood

SBCo.: From 3000 ft. (915 m.), at Cajon Pass at Cajon, J.C. Roos, Oct. 11, 1950, to 5300 ft. (1616 m.), at Lone Pine Cyn. Pass, Wm. M. Pierce, Oct. 15, 1923; Aug.-Nov.; rare; transmontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Oct. 10, 1923, Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & G.I. Baird var. mohavensis (Greene) G.L. Nesom & G.I. Baird, Mojave Rabbitbrush, Rubber Rabbitbrush

[synonyms: E. nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & Baird ssp. consimilis (Greene) G.L. Nesom & Baird var. mohavensis (Greene) G.L. Nesom & Baird and

Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pall. ex Pursh) Britton ssp. mohavensis (Greene) H.M. Hall & Clem.]

Sometimes intergrades with E. n. var. oreophila & hololeuca.

LACo.: From 3998 ft. (1219 m.), at 7 miles e. of Wrightwood, San Gab. Mts., Hunsaker, Nov. 2, 1962, to 6858 ft. (2091 m.), at Table Mt., near Big Pines Park, B.C. Templeton, Aug. 25, 1932; Jan., Aug.-Dec.; rare; all 3 sections

FVS: Sep. 5, 1928, F.W. Peirson, rd. from Rock Cr. to Big Pines, 4198 ft.

(1280 m.)

SBCo.: ridge & saddle near Pk. # 6566 ft. c. 2.5 mi. ENE of Telegraph Pk.

Other records:

M.N. Ackley, Wrightwood, Oct. 1928, 5996 ft. (1828 m.); L.C. Wheeler, cismontane side of Cajon Pass along main hwy. Nov. 11, 1933, 3998 ft.

(1219 m.); I.M. Johnston, upper San Antonio Cyn., Aug. 21, 1917, 7495 ft.

(2285 m.)

FVS: Aug. 21, 1917

Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & G.I. Baird var. oreophila (A. Nelson) G.L. Nesom & G.I. Baird, Great Basin Rabbitbrush, Rubber Rabbitbrush

[synonyms: E. nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & Baird ssp. consimilis (Greene) G.L. Nesom & Baird var. oreophila (A. Nelson) G.L. Nesom & Baird and

Chrysothamnus nauseosus (Pall. ex Pursh) Britton var. oreophilus (A. Nelson) H.M. Hall and Ericameria nauseosa (Pall. ex Pursh) G.L. Nesom & Baird var. arta (A Nelson) G.L. Nesom & Baird]

May sometimes intergrade with E. n. var. mohavensis.

LACo.: I.M. Johnston, Pine Mt. Ridge, Aug. 22, 1917, 7997 ft. (2438 m.); J. Horton, SDEF, n. of Tanbark Rd. to Fern Cyn., Aug. 12, 1936, 3497 ft.

(1066 m.); P.A. Munz., Swarthout Valley, Sep. 2, 1923, 6645 ft. (2026 m.);

I.M. Johnston, upper San Antonio Cyn., Aug. 2, 1917, 7495 ft. (2285 m.)

FVS: Aug. 2, 1917

SBCo.: No records found

Ericameria palmeri (A. Gray) H.M. Hall, Palmer’s Goldenbush

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: A.H. Gallup, San Antonio Cyn., Mt. Baldy Rd., Oct. 24, 1948, 2598 ft. (792 m.)

+Ericameria palmeri (A. Gray) H.M. Hall var. pachylepis (H.M. Hall) G.L. Nesom, Thick-bracted Goldenbush, Palmer’s Rabbitbrush

LACo.: Robert A. Schlising, Lopez Cyn., n. of Pacoima, Oct. 28, 1971, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., 1/4 mile s.e. of Sierra Hwy., Nov. 11, 1967, 1480 ft. (451 m.)

FVS: Nov. 11, 1967

SBCo.: A.H. Gallup, San Antonio Cyn., Mt. Baldy Rd., Oct. 25, 1948, 2598 ft. (792 m.)

+Ericameria parishii (Greene) H.M. Hall var. parishii, Parish’s Goldenbush, Parish’s Rabbitbrush

Often common after fires.

LACo.: From 1200 ft. (366 m.), Dam in Big Dalton Cyn., above Glendora, Lyman Benson, Sep. 15, 1948 to 7260 ft. ( 2133 m.) at Mt. San Antonio, Baldy, Frank Peirson, Aug. 16, 1918; Auug.-Oct.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: Sep. 1, 1910, Theodore Payne, San Gabriel River near Fallows Camp

SBCo.: From 2194 ft. (669 m.) in San Antonio Cyn., Benjamin C. Stone, Oct. 20, 1952, to 6849 ft. (2088 m.) at both e. and w. summits of Sugarloaf Pk., R.G. Swinney, July 9, 1996; July-Nov.; fairly common; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: July, 1901, L.R. Abrams, Lytle Cr., no elev. given

Ericameria parryi (A. Gray) G.L. Nesom & Barid, Parry’s Goldenbush or Rabbitbrush

[synonym: E. parryi ( A. Gray ) G.L. Nesom & Baird var. parryi]

LACo.: Mt. Waterman, July 24, 2008, 7911 ft. (2412 m.); Winston Pk., July 15, 2008, 7462 ft. (2275 m.); Sulphur Spring Cmpgrd. area, on S. Fork Littlerock Cr., July 22, 2009, 5199 ft. (1585 m.); Pacifico Mt. summit, July 29, 2009, 7000 ft. (2134 m.) Mescal Cyn., 0.8 miles n. of Big Pines Rd., Sep. 6, 1997, 5619 ft.

(1713 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Sep. 6, 1997

SBCo.: No records found.

Ericameria pinifolia (A. Gray) H.M. Hall, Pine-goldenbush, Pinebush

Var. sp. with E. ericoides.

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 567 ft. (173 m.) at San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, just n. of I- 210 Frwy, Soza & Wallace, to 6180 ft. (1884 m.) at ridge top, to w. of Crystal Lake, O. Mistreta, et. all, June 25, 1990; Jan., Feb., Apr.-Dec.; fairly common; cismontane

FVS: June 28, 1892, C.E. Hutchinson, San Gab. Cyn., 2999 ft. (914 m.)

SBCo.: From 1300 ft. (396 m.), n.w. of Claremont, Lyman Benson,Nov. 21, 1944, to 5000 ft. (1524 m.), in San Antonio Cyn., Lyman Benson, Nov. 23, 1944; Feb.-June, Aug.-Dec.; fairly common throughout; cismontane

FVS: Apr. 29, 1902, H.M. Hall, Cajon Pass, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Ericameria suffruticosa (Nutt.) G.L. Nesom, Singlehead Goldenbush

LACo.: SDEF, publication 1988, at Dalton Rd., in the SDEF (no documented voucher found)

SBCo.: No records found.

Ericameria teretifolia (Durand & Hilg.) Jeps., Green or Round-leaf Rabbitbrush

LACo.: Roy Snelling, 2 miles s. of Pearblosum, Oct. 10, 1977, 3500 ft.

(1067 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Little rock Cr., Alimoney Ridge, May 4, 1992,

4800 ft. (1463 m.); T. Craig, hills 3 miles s. of Vincent, border San Gab. Mts., Oct. 9, 1933, no elev. given; R. Hoffman, Little Rock Dam, Nov. 10,11, 1928, no elev. given

FVS: Nov. 10,11, 1928

SBCo.: No records found.

Erigeron bonariensis L., Flax-leaved Horseweed, Asthmaweed

[synonym: Conyza bonariensis (L.) Chronquist]

Native to S. America.

LACo.: Glendora, c. 0.5 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., on Easley Cyn. Rd., June 13, 1969, 1100-1250 ft. (335-381 m.); San Gabriel River, under the Puente Largo Railway Bridge, 0.5 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. on e. side of Encanto Pkwy., w. of

(e. of-added 2011) El Encanto Park in Duarte, 604 ft. (184 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, E. Fork San Gabriel River, c. 0.3 mi. upstream from Alder Gulch, June 26, 1970, 4025 ft. (1227 m.); R.F. Thorne, n.e. of Chantry Flats, along Santa Anita Cr., Apr. 23, 1971, 1800 ft. (549 m.); K.H.B., SDEF, July 3, 1943, no elev. given

FVS: July 3, 1943

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne & J. Dourley, bank above Lost Lake, San Andreas Fault, San Gab. Mts., Oct. 10, 1967, 2750 ft. (838 m.

Erigeron breweri A. Gray, Brewer’s Fleabane

LACo.: From 2499 ft. (762 m.), at SDEF, Middle Fk., Bell Cyn. at debris basin, R.G. Swinney, July 13, 2008, to 9200 ft. (2805 m.), at c. 400 meters s. of summit of Mt. Baden-Powell, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 18, 2001; June-Aug., Oct.; uncommon; transmontane, montane, cismontane

FVS: July 1931, Ruth Randall, Big Pines, no elev. given

SBCo.: Mary Esmond, Camp Baldy, Campfire Girls Camp, June 1928, no elev. given

+Erigeron breweri A. Gray var. bisanctus G.L. Nesom, Pious Daisy, Brewer’s Erigeron

LACo.: C.F. Baker, near Claremont, San Antonio Cyn., Aug. 2, 1903, no elev. given; J. Horton, Cl <?> Station Cuca. Quad, San Dimas-San Gab. Divide, Sep. 20, 1935, 4346 ft. (1325 m.); R.S. Wogham, Glendora, no date given, no elev. given; C.E. Hutchinson, San Gabriel Cyn., June 28, 1892, 2298 ft. (914 m.)

FVS: June 28, 1892

SBCo.: San Sevaine Flats, c. 200 meters s.w. of the jct. of USFS Rds. 1N34D & 1N34, July 16, 1993, 5540 ft. (1689 m.)

Other records: None found

+Erigeron breweri A. Gray var. covillei (Greene) G. Nesom, Coville’s Erigeron

LACo.: From 2400 ft. (732 m.), at Tanbark Flats, in SDEF, S.D. White, Aug. 25, 2000, to 5599 ft. (1707 m.), at Pinyon Ridge: w. half of ridge between upper Little Rock Cr. & San Andreas Rift Zone, T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., June 22, 1990; May-Aug.; rare; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: Aug. 2, 1903, C.F. Baker, mts. near Claremont, 4995 ft. (1523 m.)

SBCo.: Stoddard Flats; Jul. 25, 1995, 4450 ft. (1357 m.)

Other records:

S.D. White, foothills near Cajon Pass: n.w. of jct. of I-15/State Hwy. 138, c. 1 air mile w. of I-15, 1 air mile n. of State Hwy. 138, May 13, 2000, 3400-3600 ft.

(1037 m); D. Charlton, Cajon Wash, Cajon Cyn., e. side of Mormon Rocks, off Hwy. 138, May 27, 1991, 3300 ft. (1006 m.); P.A. Munz, head of Sheep Cr., June 18, 1921, 5000 ft. (1524

FVS: June 18, 1921

+Erigeron breweri A. Gray var. jacinteus (H.M. Hall) Cronquist, San Jacinto Mountains Daisy, Brewer’s Fleabane

Status: CRPR 4.3 S3.3 G5T3

LACo.: I.M. Johnston, summit of Little Baldy, July 6, 1918, 9496 ft.

(2895 m.); F.W. Peirson, summit of Little Baldy, July 21, 1922, 9545 ft. (2910 m.); Robert F. Thorne, s. ridge of summit of Mt. Baden-Powell, Aug. 25, 1971, 9197 ft. (1804 m.); Naomi Fraga & Duncan Bell, summit of Mt. Baden-Powell, June 30, 2008, 9299 ft. (2835 m.); J.R. Shevock, summit of Mt. Baden-Powell, s. side of Pk., Oct. 5, 1974, 9399 ft. (2866 m.); LeRoy Gross, top of Baden-Powell, Aug 22, 1998, 9400 ft. (2866 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Big Rock Cr., branch at Angeles Cr. Hwy., July 16, 1968, 6900 ft. (2104 m.); Wayne E. Sawyer, Crest Trail, c. 0.5 miles s.e. of Little Jimmy Spring, 1.1 miles w. of Mt. Hawkins, July 31, 1981, & Aug. 11, 1981, no elev. given; Anstruther Davidson, Mt. San Antonio, July 1916, no elev. given

FVS: July, 1916

SBCo.: Status: Watch Plant

Dog Bone Cyn.; Aug. 21, 1996; 7800 ft. (2378 m.)

Other records:

L.R. Abrams, Mt. San Antonio, July 24, 1901, 9000 + ft. (2744 + m.)

FVS: July 24, 1901

Erigeron canadensis L., Canadian Horseweed

[synonyms: Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist and Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist var. canadensis]

Fairly common throughout, in disturbed areas and moist places

LACo.: From 800 ft. (244 m.), at El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 0.5 mi. upstream from administration building, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 22, 2008, to 6140 ft. (1872 m.), at Jackson Lake, s. side of Big Pines Hwy., R.G. Swinney Oct. 16, 2008; May-Dec.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: Oct. 16, 1918, Frank W. Peirson, San Gab. Mts., Pacoima Cyn., 1699 ft. (518 m.)

SBCo.: From 2640 ft. (805 m.), at Cajon Pass, 0.6 miles s.w. of Swarthout Cyn. Road, jct. with Cajon Rd., R.G. Swinney, Nov. 10, 2008, to 6038 ft. (1841 m.), at Wright Lake, Wrightwood, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 30, 2008; Aug., Oct., Nov.; Uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Oct. 20, 1952, Joan Godsil, Mt. Baldy, 4500 ft. (1372 m.)

Erigeron divergens Torr. & A. Gray, Spreading Fleabane

(synonym: E. lobatus A. Nelson, misappl.) Variable.

LACo.: c. 0.5 mi. w. of Big Pines Jnct. in Cedar Cyn.; Aug. 6, 1997, 6640 ft. (2024 m

Other Records:

Ruth B. Randall, Big Pines, July 1, 1931, no elev. given; I.M. Johnston, Prairie Fork of San Gabriel River, Aug. 22, 1917, 4999 ft. (1524 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Prairie Fork of San Gabriel River, July 16, 1921, 5097 ft. (1554 m.); Andorfer & Ewen, Mescal Cyn., Aug. 5, 1936, 4795 ft. (1462 m.); P.A. Munz, Mescal Creek, Aug. 31, 1923, 6000 ft. (1829 m.); R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, c. 1 mi. w. of Wrightwood, July 10, 1969, c. 6400 ft. (1951 m.); I.M. Johnston, Prairie Fk., San Gabriel River, Aug. 22, 1911, 1995 ft. (1523 m.)

FVS: Aug. 22, 1911

SBCo.: H.M. Hall, Swarthout Cyn., June 1, 1899

Erigeron foliosus Nutt., Leafy Fleabane (Daisy)

(synonym: E. foliosus var. stenophyllus)

LACo.: From 3401 ft. (1037 m.), at Falls Glulch Waterfall, 100 m. above confl. with Upper E. Fork San Gabriel River, R.G. Swinney Aug. 6, 1998, to 8341 ft. (2543 m.), at Pine Mt. Ridge, c. 1 mile w. of summit of Pine Mt., R.G. Swinney, Sep. 7, 1998; June-Oct.; fairlly common; all 3 sections

FVS: July 21, 1932, B.C. Templeton, Big Pines Park, Angeles Natl. Forest,

1982 ft. (6501 m.)

SBCo.: From 2800 ft. (853 m.), at mouth of Day Cyn., R.F. Thorne, J. Benny, et al., June 23, 1997, to 9520 ft. (2901 m.), at Pine Mt. summit, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 10, 1995; May-Nov.; fairly common; all 4 sections

FVS: May 15, 1923, Marcus E. Jones, San Bernardino Mts. region, Cajon Pass, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary) or June, 1929, M.N. Ackley, crossing of RR, Cajon Pass, 3998 ft. (914 m.)

Erigeron foliosus Nutt. var. foliosus, Leafy Fleabane (Daisy)

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1600 ft. (488 m.), below Johnstone Pk., Samuel R. Tyson, July 7, 1943, to 9646 ft. (2941 m.), at 2 miles n. Baldy, summit of Pine Mt., Frank W. Peirson, Sep. 15, 1920; Jan., Apr.-Sep.; fairly common; all 3 areas

FVS: May, 1897, Thekla Mohr, San Gab. Mts.

SBCo.: near Cedar Glen, Ice House Canyon; Spring Hill; Baldy Ski Lift; July-Aug.; 4034-7200 ft. (1230-2195 m.); rare, cismontane

Other Records:

F.W. Peirson, San Gabriel Wash at Foothill Blvd.; May 12, 1920, 600 ft. (182 m.)

FVS: May 12, 1920

Erigeron philadelphicus L. var. philadelphicus, Philadelphia Fleabane

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Eugene Cardiff, S. Fork Lytle Creek Cyn., Apr. 23, 1950, 3001 ft.

(915 m.); R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., San Sevaine Cow Camp, July 7, 1971, 4700 ft. (1433 m.); H.M. Hall, Lytle Cr., San Antonio Mts., Lytle Cr. Cyn., Apr. 23, 1898, no elev. given

FVS: Apr. 23, 1898

Erigeron sumitrensis Retz., Tropical Horseweed

[synonyms: Conyza floribunda Kunth and Conyza sumetrensis (Retz.) E. Walker and C. bilbaoana J. Remy, misappl.]

Native to S. America.

LACo.: Glendora, Morgan Cyn. Debris Basin, Apr. 17, 2001, 1151 ft. (351 m.)

Other records:

LeRoy Gross & Pamela Conway, Cobal Cyn., north of Claremont, Nov. 15, 2009, 1801 ft. (549 m.); LeRoy Gross, Tujunga Ponds, w. of 210 Frwy. in Big Tujunga Wash, City of Sunland, Oct. 16, 1998, 1200 ft. (365 m.)

FVS: Oct. 16, 1998

SBCo.: Glen Helen Regional Park, marsh to the w. of the fishing lakes, Nov. 7, 2008, 2001 ft. (610 m.)

Other records: None found.

+Eriophyllum ambiguum (A. Gray) A. Gray var. ambiguum, Beautiful Woolly Sunflower

LACo.: LC. Wheeler, Bare Mt. Cyn., off Little Rock Cr., Apr. 17, 1955, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Eriophyllum confertiflorum (DC.) A. Gray, Golden-yarrow or Yellow-yarrow

LACo.: From 554 ft. (169 m.), at Azusa/Irwindale, between l-210 Frwy. & Foothill Blvd., on w. side of San Gabriel River channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 7, 2009, to 7800 ft. (2378 m.), at Will Thrall Pk., w. of Burkhart Saddle, R.G. Swinney, July 16, 2008; Feb.-Aug., Nov.; fairly common; all 3 areas

FVS: May 22, 1923, anonym. Flume Trail, Eaton Cyn., Alltadena, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 2020 ft. (616 m.), at Glen Helen Parkway, s. of Cajon Blvd. at Devore, T.B. Salvato & A.C. Sanders, May 23, 2006, to 8630 ft. (2631 m.), at Etiwanda Pk. (Pk. 8662) c. 0.8 miles n.e. of Cucumonga Pk., R.G. Swinney, July 22, 2005; Mar.-July; common; all 4 sections

FVS: Apr. 12, 1919, P.A. Munz, side cyn., s. side of Cajon Pass, 2499 ft.

(762 m.)

Eriophyllum confertiflorum (DC.) A. Gray var. confertiflorum, Golden Yarrow

LACo.: From 597 ft. (182 m.), at San Gabriel Wash, near Azusa, M.N. Ackley, Apr. 1928, to 8000-8500 ft. (2591 m.), at Blue Ridge, J.T. Howell, July 18, 1947; Feb.-Sep.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: June, 1902, A.D.E. Elmer, San Gab. Mts.

SBCo.: From 2020 ft. (616 m.), at Cajon Wash at Glen Helen Parkway, s. of Cajon Blvd. at Devore, T.B. Salvato & A.C. Sanders, May 23, 2006, to 8630 ft. (2631 m.), at Etiwanda Pk. (Pk. 8662 ft.), c. 0.8 miles n.e. of Cucamonga Pk ( on the same ridge-added 2012); Mar.-Aug.; rare at transmontane, common at montane, cismontane and Cajon Pass

FVS: June 16, 1916, S.B. Parish, San Antonio Cyn., 4995 ft. (1523 m.)

Eriophyllum multicaule (DC.) A. Gray, Manystem Woolly Sunflower

LACo.: M.N. Ackley, Little Rock foothills, May 8, 1927, 2998 ft. (914 m.)

SBCo.: A.C. Sanders, Tracy Tennant, et al., San Gab. Mts., Etiwanda, w. side of Etiwanda Cr. on n. side of Hwy. 30, (Highland Ave.), Mar. 12, 1998, 1450 ft.

(442 m.)

Eriophylum pringlei A. Gray, Pringle’s Woolly Sunflower

LACo.: From 2500 ft. (761 m.), at 1 mile s. of Littlerock, Christopher Davidson, Apr. 1, 1973, to 4799 ft. (1463 m.), at Mescal Cr., take dirt rd. 4N06, 2.5 mles n. of Hwy. CN4 to reservoir., e. 1/8 mile on unnamed dirt rd. to site, Michael Horn, May 7, 1991; Apr., May; rare; transmontane

FVS: May 19, 1921, F.W. Peirson, Little Rock Cr., 3398 ft. (1036 m.)

SBCo.: Sheep Creek, near Pinyon Hills, 0.3 miles s. of Hwy. 138 at Scrub Oak Rd., May 1, 1995, 4440-4580 ft. (1341-1396 m.); Pinon Hills area, Sheep Cr., 1 mile s. of Hwy. 138 on Scrub Oak Rd., May 29, 1995, 4579 ft. (1396 m.)

Other records:

W.L. Jepson, near Cajon Pass, desert side, May 29, 1914; Marcus E. Jones, San Gab. Mts. Region, Cajon Pass, May 16, 1903, 3802 ft. (1159 m.); H.M. Hall, Swarthout Canyon, June 3, 1900, 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

FVS: June 3. 1900

Eriophyllum wallacei (A. Gray) A.Gray, Wallace’s Woolly Daisy, Woolly Easterbonnets

[synonym: Antheropeas wallacei (A. Gray) Rydb.]

LACo.: From 1148 ft. (350 m.), at Tujunga Wash, near Sunland, Tujunga Wash, and Sunland, Peter Kamb, June 26, 1948, 5700 ft. (1738 m.), at Fenner Cyn., Conservation Calmp, Orlando Mistretta, May 25, 1992, Mar.-June; rare in transmontane, cismontane at Big Tujunga Cr.; Carr Cyn., 0.5-1.0 miles e. of Littlerock Creek confl., Apr. 29, 2009, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

Other records:

Christopher Davidson, 1 mile s. of Littlerock, Apr. 1, 1973, 2500 ft. (761 m.); T.S. Ross, Ft. Tejon Rd., 0.1 mile w. of mts., jct with Hwy. 138 ( & hiking +/- s. to SSW) c. 0.25-0.3 miles w. of co. line, Apr. 27, 1991, 3880-3950 ft. (1183 m.); Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et al., at s. edge of Bob’s Gap, on slopes & roadside and down in the wash, May 6, 2005, 4736 ft. (1444 m.); L.C. Wheeler, spring, c. 2/3 mile e. of Juniper Bowl, Juniper Hills, May 12, 1968, 3802 ft.

(1159 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, 3.2 miles s. of Hwy. 138 along Grandview Cyn., Rd., Apr. 20, 1973, 4200 ft. (1280 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Fenner Cyn. Cons. Camp, May 25, 1992, 5700 ft. (1738 m.); LeRoy Gross, Orlando Mistretta, et al., Big Rock Cr., n. & e. of Valyermo Ranger Station, off Big Pines Hwy., May 13, 2003, 3750 ft. (1143 m.)

FVS: Mar. 30, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Big Tujunga Cyn., 1398 ft. (426 m.)

SBCo.: From 2400 ft.-2800 ft. (732 m.), at 12 air miles n.w. of San Bernardino in lower Lytle Cr. Wash, c. 2-4 miles n. of I-15, May 1, 1985, to 4815 ft. (1468 m.), at Horse Cyn., n.e. of Wrightwood and n.w. of Circle Mt., 150 meters w. of St. Hwy. 2, due w. of Horse Cyn. Road (3N12), June 12, 1994; Mar.-June; rare; transmontane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: May, 1901, S.B. Parish & Louis Greata, Cajon Pass, no elev. given

Euthamia occidentalis Nutt., Western Goldenrod or Goldentop, Western Flat-topped Goldenrod

LACo.: From 2000 ft. (610 m.), at Soledad Cyn., c. 8 miles w. of Ravenna, Thos. Craig, Oct. 9, 1933 and at Big Tujunga Cyn. area from the mouth of Vasquez Cr., LeRoy Gross, John Gross, et al., Nov. 11, 2005, to 6140 ft. (1872 m.), at Jackson Lake, s. side of Big Pines Hwy., R.G. Swinney, Oct. 16, 2008; Aug.-Nov.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: Oct. 9, 1933, Thos. Craig, Liebre Mts. Region, Soldead Cyn., about 8 miles w. of Ravenna, 2001 ft. (610 m.)

SBCo.: 2 different sagponds s.w. of Lost Lake in Lone Pine Cyn.; Lost Lake, Lone Pine Cyn.; Clyde Ranch, Lone Pine Cyn.; meadow s.e. of Day Cyn. Debris Basin, Rancho Cucamonga; Aug.-Oct.; 2400-2880 ft. (731-875 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne et. al, due s. of Lost Lake near Blue Cut, Oct. 13, 1972, 2647 ft.

(807 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Lower Lytle Creek Ridge, Sep. 16, 1967, 2998 ft.

(914 m.); P.A. Munz & F.W. Peirson (different conscession numbers), Aug. 30, 1923, 4897-4995 ft. (1493-1523 m.)

FVS: Aug. 30, 1923

Galinsoga parviflora Cav. var. parviflora Small-flower Galinsoga, Gallent Soldier

Native to S. America.

LACo.: Duarte, due w. of mouth of Fish Cyn. on Fish Cyn. Trail, s. spur of s.w. end of Van Tassel Ridge, Feb. 22, 1997, 1300 ft. (396 m.); Azusa/Duarte, San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, 0.4-1 mile n. (upstream) of Puente Largo (Railway-added 2010) Bridge, Apr. 21, 2009, 630 ft. (192 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, 1 1/2 mi. n. of Claremont, Feb 24, 1934, 1197 ft. (365 m.); O.F. Clarke, Pasadena (Altadena) n. end of Lake Ave., Jan. 30, 1977, no elev. given

FVS: Jan 30, 1977

SBCo.: No records available

Gamochaeta calviceps (Fernald) Cabrera, Narrowleaf Purple Everlasting

[synonym: G. falcata (Lam.) Cabrera]

Native to s.e. US.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Kathleen Stockwell, San Bernardino Valley/San Gab. Mts., foothills of Rancho Cucamonga, n. Day Cr. Blvd., under powerlines below mouth of Day Cr. Cyn., June 7, 2003, 2149 ft. (655 m.)

Gamochaeta pensylvanica (Willd.) Cabrera, Pennsylvania Everlasting

Native ? to S. America.

LACo.: Wolfskill Falls, SDEF, May 15, 1999, 1500-2000 ft.

(457-610 m.); Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel River Cyn., 0.8 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. on s. side of main river channel, Mar. 13, 2009, 630 ft. (192 m.); Glendora, “W. Bender Cyn.”, 0.5 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., 1824 ft. (556 m.)

Other records:

Kathleen Stockwell, Palmer Cyn., Claremont, June 11, 2003, 2000 ft. (610 m.);

J. Horton, Tanbark Flats, SDEF, June 7 1937, 2696 ft. (822 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Ward’s Grove, San Gabriel Cyn., May 13, 1967, 860 ft. (262 m L.C. Wheeler, Millard Cyn., Mar. 8, 1936, 1499 ft. (457 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Live Oak Cyn. Dam, Apr. 24, 1934, 1500 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: Apr. 24, 1934

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne, et. al., Day Creek Cyn., July 23, 1971, 3001 ft. (915 m.);

L.C. Wheeler, Meyer Cyn., off Lytle Creek, May 9, 1968, 2300 ft. (701 m.)

FVS: May 9, 1968

Gamochaeta stagnalis (I.M. Johnston) Anderberg. Desert Cudweed

Native to n.w. & c. Mexico.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: San Gab. Mts./San Bernardino Valley, Glen Helen Regioinal Park, c. 600 meters s. of Blockbuster Pavillion parking area, between motorcycle race track & n. parking area, Apr. 15, 1995, 2001 ft. (610 m.)

Other records: None found.

Gamochaeta ustulata (Nutt.) Holub., Spoonleaf Purple Everlasting

(synonyms: Gnaphalium purpureum L., misappl. and Gamochaeta purpurea (L.) Cabrera,

LACo.: Mystic Cyn., Glendora, (Big Dalton Cyn. Wilderness Park-added 2010), May 7, 1994, 1500 ft. (457 m.)

Other records:

T.S. Ross, w. side of San Gabriel Reservoir, May 17, 1992, 1520 ft. (463 m.); Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, S. Calif. Ed. transmission line corridor (Seg. 6, structure 109 per TRTP Survey 2008) Upper Fish Cyn., May 16, 2008; R.F. Thorne, n.e. of Chantry Flats along Sant Anita Cr., Apr. 23, 1971, c. 1800 ft. (549 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Trail Cyn., c. 1/2 way between Tom Lucas Cmpgrd. at BM 3434, July 30, 1967, 3300 ft. (2005 m.); Steve Boyd & Walter Appleby, n. of Sylmar, s. of Santa Clarita, vic. of Los Pinetos Spring, head of Los Pinetos Cyn., Apr. 22, 1993, 2800-3200 ft. (854 m.); T.S. Ross & Orlando Mistretta, Wilson Cyn., along the riparian strip, May 27, 1993, 1929 ft. (588 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Elsmere Cyn., June 26, 1967, 1450-1530 ft. (442-466 m.); L.C. Wheeler, n. side of Sunset Ridge, s. of Millard Cyn., June 16, 1967, 2100 ft. (640 m.); L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., c. 1/4 mi. upstream from Dam., Dec. 14, 1946, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., s.e. of San Dimas Dam, July 6, 1967, 1500 ft. (457 m.); C.J. Kraebel, San Dimas Cyn., Sep. 10, 1931, no elev. given

FVS: Sep. 10, 1931

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne, Day Creek, Rancho Cucamonga, July 23, 1971, 3000 ft. (914 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Dustin Spring, head of E. Etiwanda Cyn., July 11, 1968, 5396 ft. (1645 m.); I.M. Johnson, Deer Cyn Wash, Etiwanda, Apr. 14, 1918, 1200 ft. (366 m.)

FVS: Apr. 14, 1918

Gazania linearis (Thurb.) Druce, Treasureflower

Native to s. Africa.

CA & NM ?

LACo.: lower Ham Cyn., where it runs through San Dimas Golf Course, just above confl. with San Dimas Cyn., Apr. 4, 2008, 1200 ft. (366 m.); Azusa, 400 meters n.e. of San Gabriel River Bike Path Parking Lot, at Hwy. 39 (Azusa Cyn. Rd.), in the San Gabriel River main channel, Mar. 16, 2009, 745 ft. (227 m.) (not yet posted)

Other records: Scott D. White, foothills above Altadena, L.A. Dept. of Public Works “Kinneloa West Debris Basin”, n. terminus of Branbling Lane, Oct. 22, 2003, 1401 ft. (427 m.); James Henrickson, c. 1 mile s.e. of Newhall, in Whitney Cyn., s.e. of jct. of San Fernando Rd. & State Hwy. 14; c. 1/2 mile e. of Hwy. 14, Apr. 15, 2000, 1600 ft. (488 m.)

FVS: Apr. 15, 2000

SBCo.: No records found.

Glyptopleura marginata D.C. Eaton, Carveseed

LACo.: R.F. Thorne & Wallace, 1/4 mi. n. of Bob’s Gap, 3798 ft. (1158 m.)

SBCo.: Sheep Creek, on Scrub Oak Rd., Pinyon Hills, May 29 1995, 4540 ft. (1384 m.)

Other records:

C.R. Orcutt, Cajon Pass, May 14, 1882, no elev. given

FVS: May 14, 1882

Glyptopleura setulosa A. Gray, Holy Dandelion

LACo.: H. Dearing & M. Dearing, Little Rock Cyn., San Gab. Mts., Apr. 9, 1933, no elev. given; Herbert L. Mason, Little Rock Cr., Apr. 26, 1924 (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Apr. 26, 1924

SBCo.: H.Dearing & M. Dearing, near Cajon Pass, Apr. 15, 1930, no elev. given

Gnaphalium palustre Nutt., Western Marsh Cudweed

LACo.: From 1200 ft. (366 m.) in Glendora, ___________, to 7839 ft. (2390 m.), at Waterman Mt., Ski Runway on e.-facing slope, R.G. Swinney, July 24, 2008; May-Sep.; common in moist areas; transmontane, montane at Mt. Baldy Village, cismontane

FVS: Aug. 1, 1915, Anstruther Davidson, Camp Baldy (Mt. Baldy Village),

4198 ft. (1280 m.)

SBCo.: From 3100 ft. (945 m.) at 1 mi. SSW of Cajon jnct., R.G. Swinney, Apr. 29, 1995, to 5500 ft. (1677 m.) at Dustin Spring (incorrect, should be well) at San Sevaine Flat, L.C. Wheeler, Nov. 4, 1967; Apr.-Aug., Nov.; fairly common in moist areas; all 4 sections

FVS: Nov. 4, 1967

Grindelia camporum Greene, Bract or Great Valley Gumweed

[synonyms: G. camporum var. bracteosa (J.T. Howell) M.A. Lane and G. camporum var. bracteosum orth. var. and G. hirsutula var. davyi (Jeps..) M.A. Lane]

LACo.: SDEF, 1988, occasional grassy places, < 2000 ft. (no documented voucher found); F.W. Peirson, roadside, about half dry meadows, Rock Cr., n. slope of San Gab. Mts., Sep. 5, 1928, 4000 ft. (1220 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Bluebird Truck Trail, near Big Dalton Cyn., July 2, 1968, 2401 ft. (732 m.); C.W. Tilforth & W. Wisura, Johnstons Pasture, hills above Claraboya, n. of Pomona, June 13, 1979, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, meadow near mouth of San Dimas Cyn., San Gab. Mts., May 14, 1934, 1450 ft. (442 m.)

FVS: Sep. 5, 1928, F.W. Peirson, rd. side, c. ½ dry meadow, Rock Cr., n slope of San Gab. Mts., 4000 ft. (1220 m.)

SBCo.: No records available.

Grindelia hirsutula Hook. & Arn., Hairy Gumweed

(synonyms: G. hirsutula var. maritima (Greene) M.A. Lane and G. hirsutula tends to flower earlier than G. camporum at a given location.

LACo.: H.P. Chandler, San Dimas, Mar. 14, 1898, no elev. given ?

SBCo.: No records found.

Gutierrezia californica (DC.) Torr. & A. Gray, California Matchweed, San Joaquin Snakeweed

CA & Baja CA, Mex.; Intergrades with G. sarothrae (Pursh) Britton & Rusby.

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at San Gabriel (Azusa) Cyn., 1.5 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. on e. side of Encanto Rd., R.G. Swinney, May 15, 1998, to 2598 ft. (792 m.), at Little Tujunga Rd., 1.2 mi. above jct. with Gold Cr. Rd., P.H. Raven, Sep. 24, 1961; Jan., May-July, Sep.-Dec.; rare; cismontane

FVS: July 5, 1902, LeRoy Abrams, San Gabriel Cyn.,

SBCo.: Cajon Pass, n. end of old Hwy. 395, between E. & W. loops of RR tracks, Oct. 12, 1991, 3001 ft. (915 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, side cyn. w. of Cajon Cyn. near Ralston Peak, Sep 6, 1968,

3100 ft. (944 m.); C.M. Hoak, Cajon Camp, e. side of Cajon Wash, Oct. 12, 1930, 2896 ft. (883 m.) (adj. to boundary)

FVS: Oct. 12, 1930

Gutierrezia microcephala (DC.) A. Gray, Sticky Snakeweed, Threadleaf Snakeweed

LACo.: From 3200 ft. (976 m.), at Little Rock Cr.: slopes e. of Littlerock Res., Orlando Mistretta, Apr. 12, 1994, to 7469 ft. (2277 m.), at summit of (East-added 2011)Table Mt., n.w. of Wrightwood, R.G. Swinney, July 17, 1997 (also det. as G. sarothrae); Mar., Apr., July-Oct.; rare; transmontane

FVS: Sep. 1897, Anstruther Davidson, Little Rock Cr.

SBCo.: Baldy Mesa, n.w. of Nuss Ranch, Nov. 12, 1994, 4881 ft. (1488 m.);

0.8 mi. e. of Sheep Creek Rd. at Snow Line Dr., c. 200 m. south of Snowline , Aug, 31, 1993, 4700 ft. (1433 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Controversey Spring, w. side of Cajon Cyn., Aug, 7, 1968,

4500 ft. (1371 m.); P.A. Munz, SheepCr., San Antonio Mts., Sep. 1, 1923,

4497 ft. (1371 m.); Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, Aug., 10, 1923, no elev given

FVS: Aug. 10, 1923

Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britton & Rusby, Matchweed, Broom Snake-weed

Intergrades with G. californica (DC.) Torr. & A. Gray in c. & s. South Coast.

LACo.: From 600 ft. (182 m.), at San Gabriel Wash, s. base of San Gab. Mts., F.W. Peirson, May 12, 1920, to 7469 ft. (2277 m.), summit of (East-added 2011) Table Mt., n.w. of Wrightwood, R.G. Swinney, July 17, 1997 (also det. as G. microcephala); May, July, Aug., Oct., Nov.; rare; montane cismontane

FVS: July 5, 1902, L.R. Abrams, San Gab. Mts., Azusa

SBCo.: A.C. Sanders, Lower Lytle Cr. Wash, between Verdmont Ranch & Glen Helen Rehabilitation Faacility, Nov. 28, 1987, 1700 ft. (518 m.) (just s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Hazardia squarrosa (Hook. & Arn.) Greene, Sawtooth Goldenbush

LACo.: Gary Kovnat & LeRoy Gross, Gold Cr. Ecological Preserve, South Terrace West Meadow ecotone, Feb. 16, 2003, 2240 ft. (683 m.); F.W. Peirson, San Antonio Cyn., Sep. 14, 1922, 3500 ft. (1067 m.)

FVS: Sep. 14, 1922

SBCo.: Cajon Cyn. at n. end of old Hwy. 395, in trib. on w. side of cyn., 100 yds. east of RR tracks, Oct. 6, 1991, 2959 ft. (902 m.)

Other records:

W.G. Neal, Lytle Cr. Ave., June 22, 1948, no elev. given

FVS: June 22, 1948

Hazardia squarrosa (Hook. & Arn.) Greene var. grindelioides (DC.) W.D. Clark, Saw-toothed Goldenbush, Sawtooth Bristleweed

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1500 ft. (457 m.), at Mystic Cyn., 2 miles n.e. of Glendora, Gary D. Cromwell & David W. Wheat, Apr. 30, 1971, to 4346 ft. (1325 m.) at E. Fork, San Dimas Cyn., Jerome Horton, Sep. 29, 1939; July-Oct.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Oct. 10, 1903, C.F. Baker, San Antonio Canon (Canyon), near Claremont, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 1948 ft. (594 m.) at Devore Cutoff near Cajon Pass, Peter H. Raven, Sep. 24, 1961, to 2959 ft. (902 m.) at Cajon Cyn. at end of old Hwy. 395, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 6, 1991; June-Oct.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Apr. 29, 1902, H.M. Hall, Cajon Pass, no elev. given

+Hazardia squarrosa (Hook. & Arn.) Greene var. squarrosa, Sawtooth Goldenbush

LACo.: C.W. Sharsmith, e. of Big Tujunga Cyn., San Gab. Mts., Sep. 11, 1942, (670 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Hedypnois cretica (L.) Dunn. Cours., Crete Weed, Crotonweed

Native to Medit.

LACo.: San Gabriel River, under the Puente Largo Railway Bridge, 0.5 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. on e. side of Encanto Pkwy, w. (e. of-added 2011) El Encanto Park in Duarte, Apr. 13, 2009, 604 ft. (184 m.); Azusa, San Gabriel River at El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, 1 small pop. on e. side of cyn. bottom on n. side of Hwy. 39 bridge, Mar. 26, 2009, 971 ft. (296 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Mar. 26, 2009

SBCo.: No records found.

Helenium bigelovii A. Gray, Bigelow’s Sneezeweed

LACo.: From 3280 ft. (1000 m.), at Upper E. Fork San Gabriel River, at cliff seep, c. 100 meters below Falls Gulch, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 6, 1998, to 8102 ft. (2470 m.), below Guffy Camp on Blue Ridge, R.F. Thorne & John Olmstead, Aug. 26, 1965, June-Oct.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: July 8, 1918, F.W. Peirson, n.w. of N. Ontario, San Antonio Cyn., 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

SBCo.: From 6396 ft. (1950 m.), at San Antonio Falls, San Antonio Cyn., n. of Manker Flat, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 23, 1994, to 8498 ft. (2591 m.), at e. slope of Mt. San Antonio, Eugene Cardiff & Ken Smith, July 8, 1950; June-Sep.; uncomomon; montane

FVS: July 28, 1927, I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Cyn., (Old Gold Ridge Mine), 8000 ft. (2438 m.)

Helenium puberulum DC., Sneezeweed, Rosilla

LACo.: Juniper Hills, 0.4 mi. s. of jct. of Longview Rd. & Tumbleweed Rd., July 21, 2005, 3990 ft.

Other records:

B.C. Templeton, Prairie Fk., July 21, 1933, 6248 ft. (1905 m.);

Lyman Benson, 1 mi. above mouth of San Antonio Cyn., Oct. 25, 1948, 2600 ft. (793 m.); K.H.B., along rd. below Lysimiters, Tanbark, SDEF, Aug. 11, 1943, 2496 ft. (761 m.); Anstruther Davidson, Camp Baldy, Aug. 1, 1915; Thekla Mohr, N. Fork, San Gabriel River, 1915; L.C. Wheeler, San Antonio Cyn., Sep. 5, 1932, 3500 ft. (1066 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Water Cyn., Aug. 22, 1968, 1900 ft. (579 m.); S.D. White & Dave Bramlet, W. of Mt. Islip, Aug. 11, 1998,

5600-6600 ft. (1707-2010 m.); Thekla Mohr, N. Fork San Gabriel River, 1915, no elev. given; Brewer, “presumably”, San Gab. Mts., Jan 2, 1861 (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Jan 2, 1861, Brewer

SBCo.: 0.25 and 0.6 mi. s. of jnct. of Cajon Wash & Swarthout Cyn Road along Cajon Wash, Aug. 12, 1996 & 17 Oct. 1992, 2640-2680 ft. (805-820 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, 0.2 mi. west of Lytle Creek Village on s. side of cnyn., July 12, 1968, 3100 ft. (945 m.); R.F. Thorne & Larry E. DeBuhr, et. al, due s. of Lost Lake & near Blue Cut, Oct. 13, 1972, (807 m.); R.F. Thorne, J. Dourley, Lost Lake, Oct. 10, 1967, 2750 ft. (838 m.); L.C. Wheeler, E. side of Lower Lytle Creek Ridge, along Aplewhite Rd., e. side, Sep. 16, 1967, 3000 ft. (914 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Coldwater Cyn., off N. Fork & Lytle Creek at Mt. Baldy Rd., July 10, 1968; P.H. Raven mouth of Lone Pine Cyn., Cajon Pass, Sep. 17, 1961,

2647 ft. (807 m.)

FVS: Sep. 17, 1961

Helianthus annuus L., Annual Sunflower, Common Sunflower

Highly variable; hybridizes with several other annual spp.

LACo.: From 541 ft. (165 m.), at Irwindale, San Gabriel River Channel, within 70 meters (N.) of I-210 Frwy., R.G. Swinney, Nov. 30, 2008, to 4100 ft. (1250 m.) at Bob’s Gap & Valyermo Rd., June Latting, Oct. 6, 1976; all year; fairly common throughout; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: July 3, 1902, L.R. Abrams, Sierra Madre

SBCo.: From 1860 ft. (567 m.) at mouth of Lytle Creek, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 15, 1993,to 2798 ft. (853 m.) at mouth of Day Canyon, R.F. Thorne, et. al, July 23, 1971; Mar.-Sep.; fairly common throughout; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: May 27,1914, L. Jepson, at entrance of Cajon Pass, Cajon Cyn., 2198 ft. (670 m.)

Helianthus gracilentus A. Gray, Slender Sunflower

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1460 ft. (445 m.) at mouth of Burro Cyn. near confluence of E. & W. Forks of San Gabriel Cyn., T.S. Ross & Peter Fritsch, June 20, 1990, to

5996 ft. (1828 m.) at Head of South Fork, I.M. Johnston, July 15, 1917; Mar.-Oct.; uncommon on dry slopes; cismontane

FVS: July 6, 1897, J.H. Barber, Mt. Gleason

SBCo.: From 500 ft. (152 m.) at Cucamonga Cyn., I.M. Johnston, May 20, 1917, to 4477 ft. (1365 m.) at Stoddard Flats, R.G. Swinney, July 25, 1995; May-July; uncommon on dry slopes; cismontane

FVS: May 20, 1917

Helianthus nuttallii Torr. & A. Gray, Nuttal’s Sunflower

LACo.: P.A. Munz, Lone Pine Cyn., Aug. 30, 1923, 5000 ft. (1524 m.) (also det. as H. nuttallii Torr. & A. Gray, ssp. nuttallii)

SBCo.: F.W. Peirson, Clyde Ranch, Lone Pine Cyn., Aug. 30, 1923, 4900 ft. (1494 m.)

Helianthus nuttallii Torr. & A. Gray ssp. nuttallii, Nuttall’s Sunflower

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Only 2 records exist, both on Aug. 30, 1923 for Clyde Ranch in Lone Pine Cyn. The one collected by P.A. Munz with voucher # 7652 has 2 sheets. One is labeled as H. nuttallii & the other as H. nuttallii ssp parishii, 5000 ft.

(1524 m.). The one collected by F.W. Peirson with voucher # 4022 has 2 sheets. One is labeled as H. nuttallii & the other as H. nuttallii ssp. nuttallii, 4900 ft.

(1494 m.)

+Helianthus nuttallii Torr. & A. Gray ssp. parishii (A. Gray) Heiser, Los Angeles Sunflower

Status: CNPS List: 1A State/Fed. Status: /C1*

CRPR 1A SH G5TH

Previously thought to be extinct; coastal salt & fresh water marshes.

LACo.: J.M. Porter, Newhall Ranch, Castaic Spring, c. 400 meters s. of the Santa Clara River between Dead End Cyn. & Middle Cyn., Nov. 5, 2006, 3280 ft.

(1000 m.) ( north of the San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo: P.A. Munz, Lone Pine Cyn., Clyde Ranch, Aug. 30, 1923, 5000 ft. (1524 m.); refer to the description above for H. nuttallii ssp. nuttallii.

Helichrysum sp., Licorice Plant

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Ed LaRue, Wrightwood, spontaneous in yard of Ed LaRue, Aug. 5, 1992, no elev. given

Helminthotheca echioides (L.) Holub, Bristly Oxtongue

(synonym: Picris echioides L.)

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 840 ft. (256 m.), at San Gabriel River Cyn., spring 1.5 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave. on Hwy. 39, R.G. Swinney, Nov. 29, 2008, to 1450-1530 ft. (442-466 m.), at Elsmere Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, June 26, 1967; Mar., Apr., June, July, Nov.; rare; cismontane

FVS: June 8, 1929, L.E. Hoffman, Arroyo Seco Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: Cajon Wash, n. of terminus of Cajon Rd., c. 50 meters e. of Cajon stream, Oct. 20, 1994, 2949 ft. (899 m.)

Other records: None found.

Hemizonella minima (A. Gray) A. Gray, Opposite-leaved Tarweed

[synonym: Madia minima (A. Gray) D.D. Keck]

LACo.: Joseph A. Ewan, 0.5 mi. above Horse Flats region, June 15, 1932, no elev. given; Naomi Fraga & Paul Morton, along main trail to summit of Mt. Hillyer, May 18, 2004, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, Charlton Flats burn (of 1954), c.

5250 ft. (1601 m.); R.F. Thorne, near Chilao Cr., upper Chilao Cmpgrd., July 2, 1969, 5300 ft. (1616 m.); Orlando Mistretta & Mark Elvin, Bare Mt. Cyn., head of drainage E. of Pacifico Mt., June 20, 1995, 6450 ft. (1966 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Devil’s Cyn., July 22, 1968, 4700 ft. (1433 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Chilao Cr. Headwaters, June 1, 1968, 5901 ft. (1799 m.); Geo. B. Grant, summit Mt. Wilson, June 17, 1906, 6199 ft. (1890 m.); F.W. Peirson, Pine Flats, headwater of Tujunga Cr., June 14, 1921, 5497 ft. (1676 m.); Peirson, summit of Mt. Wilson, June 10, 1920, 7000 ft. (2134 m.); Anonym., Wilson’s Pk., May 24, 1896, no elev. given

FVS: May 24, 1896

SBCo.: No records found.

Heterotheca grandiflora Nutt., Telegraphweed

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.) at San Gabriel Cyn. Wash & Foothill Blvd, Azusa/Duarte, R.G. Swinney, Jan. __, 2009, to 3200 ft. (976 m.) at Little Rock Cr., just N. of Guard Station, below Dam, Orlando Mistretta, July 12, 1995 and at Big Tujunga at Colby Ranch Rd., L.C. Wheeler, Oct. 1, 1966; Jan., Mar.-May, Sep., Nov.; common, often in disturbed areas; transmontane at Little Rock Cr., below dam, Orlando Mistretta, July 12, 1995, 3201 ft. (976 m.), cismontane

FVS: Oct. 15, 1918, Frank W. Peirson, foot of Echo Mt. Trail, Echo Mt., 1797 ft. (548 m.)

SBCo.: Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, Oct. 10, 1923, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary) (checking for additional records)

+Heterotheca sessiliflora (Nutt.) Shinners., Erect Goldenaster, Sessilelflower False Goldenaster

LACo.: Ellen Mackay & Blake Whittington, Rincon Ranger Station (off Hwy. 39), Oct. 26, 2006, 1463 ft. (446 m.); M.D. Wilcox, Arroyo Seco, Pasadena, n. of Jet Prop. Lab., Aug. 30, 2003, 1250 ft. (381 m.);

FVS: Aug. 30, 2003

SBCo.: No records available.

+Heterotheca sessiliflora (Nutt.) Shinn. ssp. echioides (Benth.) Semple, Erect Goldenaster, Sessilflower False Goldenaster

LACo.: Fordyce Grinnell Jr., San Gabriel Mts., (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: D.F. Howe, Lytle Creek, Sep. 21, 1980

+Heterotheca sessiliflora (Nutt.) Shinn. ssp. fastigiata (E. Greene) Semple, Erect Goldenaster, Sessilelflower False Goldenaster

LACo.: From 840 ft. (256 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 1.4 mile n. of Sierra Madre Ave., south side of rd. at spring, 0.5 miles e. of San Gabriel Cyn. Information Station, on Hwy. 39, R.G. Swinney, Dec. 6, 2008, to 5796 ft.

(1767 m.), at vic. of Prairie Fk. Ranger Statioin, Joseph Andorpher Ewan, Aug. 5, 1934; May, June, Aug.-Oct., Dec.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: July 5, 1902, L.R. Abrams, Azusa (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: From 1699 ft. (518 m.) e. of Day Creek on alluvial slope s. of mts. & n. of Hwy. 30, Adrian Wolf, May 9, 1997, to 6997 ft. (2133 m.) at upper San Antonio Cyn., I.M. Johnston, Aug. 21, 1917; Apr.-Oct.; fairly common; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Aug. 21, 1917

Heterotheca villosa (Pursh) Shinners var. minor (Hook.) Semple, Hairy False Goldenaster

[synonyms: H. villosa var. hispida (Hook.) V.L. Haines and H. villosa var. villosa, misappl.]

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Henniger Flats, Sep. 3, 1970, 2600 ft. (792 m.);

G.C. Fleischman, San Gabriel Cyn., Sep. 9, 1945, no elev. given

FVS: Sep. 9, 1945

SBCo.: G.H. True, Jr., s. of Devore, Lytle Cr. Wash, Apr. 3, 1935, 2398 ft.

(731 m.) (This elev. shold place location within the San Gab. Mts. boundary); James Henreckson, c. 12 air miles n.w. of San Bernardino in lower Lytle Cr. Wash, c. 2-4 miles n. of I-15 Frwy., May 11, 1985, 2401 ft. (732 m.)

Hieracium albiflorum Hook., White Hawkweed

[synonyms: Chlorocrepis albiflora (Hook.) W.A. Weber and H. helleri Gandog and H. siskiyouense M. Peck]

LACo.: From 5241 ft. (1598 m.), at Prairie Fk., 300 meters w. of Cabin Flats Cmpgrd., R.G. Swinney, July 10, 1998, to 6620-8160 ft. (2018-2487 m.), at Mt. High Ski Resort, w. of Wrightwood, S. Zona, D. Arias, et al.,, June 21, 1989; June-Aug.; rare; montane

Records by R.G. Swinney:

Upper Fish Fk. drainage, vic. of jct. of Upper Fish Fk. Trail & Dawsan Pk. Trail, July 21, 1998, 5599 ft. (1707 m.); Upper Cedar Cyn., c. 0.5 miles w. of jct. of Hwy. 2 (on Big Pines Hwy.-added 2011), July 5, 1999, 6281 ft. (1915 m.); c. 100 m. downstream from Upper Fish Fork Cmpgrd., July 29, 1998, 5960 ft. (1817 m.); Cooper Cyn., 1.5 miles n.e. of Burkart Trail Parking Lot along the trail, n.e. of Buckhorn Cmpgrd., July 16, 2008, 5599 ft. (1707 m.); Buford Cyn., 0.5 miles w. of co. line, s. of Hwy. 2 & Swarthout Valley, c. 2 air-miles w. of Wrightwood, July 16, 1997, 6301 ft. (1921 m.)

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta, from confl. of Cooper & Buckhorn Cyns, up +/- upstrream to falls of Buckhorn Cr. near Cmpgrd, July 6, 1992, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, Upper Trail, Vincent Gulch, July 3, 1921, 6500 ft. (1982 m.); P.A. Munz, in side-cyn., Icehouse Cyn., July 18, 1922, 6498 ft. (1981 m.); Anstruther Davidson, Camp Baldy, Aug. 1, 1915, no elev. given; Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock Cr., July 18, 1995, no elev. given

FVS: July 1895, Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock Cr.

SBCo.: Cucamonga, c. 2 mi. e. of Jnct. of Skyline & Almond Ave’s, June 28, 1994, 3802 ft. (1159 m.); Joe Elliott Big Tree Memorial, w. of San Sevaine Flats, July 21, 1993, 5760 ft. (1756 m.)

Other records:

S. Zona et. al., Mt. High Ski Resort, w. of Wrightwood, June 2, 1989,

6620-8160 ft. (2018-2487 m.); I.M. Johnston, Middle Fk., Lytle Creek, July 29, 1917, 6000 ft. (1829 m.)

FVS: July 29, 1917

Hieracium argutum Nutt., Southern Hawkweed

[synonym: H. argutum Nutt. var. parishii (A. Gray) Jeps.]

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1600 ft. (488 m.), at Glendora, Big Dalton Wilderness Park, “Water Pipe Cyn.” = Pavil Cyn.) at second waterfall, R.G. Swinney, July 17, 1989, to

5886 ft. (1795 m.), at Mt. Wilson, Fordyce Grinnell Jr., Aug. 1911; July-Oct., Dec.; rare; cismontane

Records by R.G. Swinney:

Cow Cyn., 0.5 mi., due w. of Cow Cyn. Saddle; Vincent Gulch, 0.6 mi. n. of confluence with Prairie Fork; upper Coldwater Cyn. at n.e. end of Heaton Flats Tr.; confluence of Falls Gulch & E. Fork of San Gabriel River;

Other records:

C.F. Baker, hills near Claremont, Sep. 20, 1903; I.M. Johnston, Fern Cyn., n. of Brown’s Flat, Sep 1 1918; F.W. Peirson, E. Fork of San Gabriel River, July 16, 1921, 4500 ft. (1372 m.); Jerome S. Horton, E. Fork San Dimas Cyn., Aug. 6, 1937, 5097 ft. (1554 m.); I.M Johnson, shaded cliff in Evey Cyn., Aug 25, 1918, 2998 ft. (914 m.)

FVS: Aug. 20, 1892, Anstruther Davidson, Santa Anita Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: Big Tree Truck Rd., c. 2 mi. n.e. of Cucamonga; Stoddard Falls, Stoddard Cyn.; c. 1 mi. w. of Lytle Creek in unnamed tributary at 2.7 mi. n. of Devore Rd.

Other records:

Fred Burlew, Coldwater Cyn., July 1926; L.C. Wheeler, Coldwater Cyn., Aug. 27, 1967, 4300 ft. (1310 m.); I.M. Johnston, Day Cyn. July 15, 1917, 3001 ft.

(915 m.)

FVS: July 15, 1917

Hieracium horridum Fr., Prickly Hawkweed

LACo.: W. Twin Pk., in jumbled large rocks that create the highest point, several clumps of plants in crevices, July 25, 2008, 7750 ft. (2363 m.); Buckhorn Cyn. at 0.7 mi. n. of Burkhart Tr. parking lot, n. of Buckhorn Cmpgd., along Burkhart Tr.; July 16, 2008, 6200 ft. (1890 m.)

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta, from confl. of Cooper & Buckhorn Cyn., up +/- upstream to falls of Buckhorn Cr., near cmpgrd., July 6, 1992, no elev. given

FVS: July 6, 1992

SBCo.: Ontario Pk., among large rocks on n. side, 1 mature plant, several seedlings, Aug. 14, 1995, 8650 ft. (2637 m.); Lost Creek, s. tributary of the main channel of Ice House Cyn., on vertical dirt, w.-facing embankment, 4 plants July 22, 1994, 6599 ft. (2012 m.)

Other records:

Three additional records from Ontario Pk. by: I.M. Johnston, July 30, 1917, F.W. Peirson, Sep. 14, 1923 & R.F. Thorne, Aug. 30, 1965 from 8693-8700 ft. (2649-2652 m.); I.M. Johnston, Icehouse Cyn., shortcut to Kelly’s Cabin, Aug 1, 1925, 6996 ft. (2133 m.); I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Pk., July 30, 1917, 8695 ft.

(2651 m.) (the two records on July 30, 1917 by I.M. Johnston were collected in two different locations but have the same voucher number); F.W. Peirson, Cascade Cyn., Sep 14, 1933, 4500 ft. (1372 m.); I.M. Johnston, Middle Fk. Lytle Creek, July 29, 1917, 6000 ft. (1829 m.)

FVS: July 29, 1917

Hulsea heterochroma A. Gray, Red-rayed Hulsea, Redray Alpinegold

Hybridizes with H. vestita ssp. callicarpha (H.M. Hall) Wilken and H. vestita ssp. parryi.

LACo.: From 3998 ft. (1219 m.), at Lukens Pk., F.W. Peirson, July 3, 1919, to 9299 ft. (2835 m.), near summit of Mt. Baden-Powell, G.F. Pratt, Aug. 01, 1984; June-Aug.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: July 1, 1902, L.R Abrams, near summit of Mt. Wilson

SBCo.: c. 1 mi. w. of Lytle Creek in unnamed tributary at 2.7 mi. n. of Devore Rd., Aug 2, 1993, 3600 ft. (1098 m.); Big Tree Truck Rd., c. 2 mi. n.e. of jnct. of Skyline & Almond Ave’s., Cucamonga, June 28, 1994, 3802 ft. (1159 m.); “Stoddard Falls”, in Stoddard Cyn., Aug. 28, 1998, 3000 ft. (915 m.)

Other records:

V. Soza & LeRoy Gross, Mt. Baldy Ski Area, Big Butch Wash, s. of Miners Bowl, July 18, 2001, 7501 ft. (2287 m.); I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Pk., July 30, 1917, 7997 ft. (2438 m.); I.M. Johnston, Middle Fk. Lytle Creek, July 29, 1917, 6747 ft.

(2057 m.); F.W. Peirson, rd. to Lone Pine Cyn., May 30, 1921, 3250 ft.

(991 m.); Naomi Fraga, et. al., San Sevaine Flats, n.w. of intersection of 1N34 & the rd. to the communication tower, July 12, 2005, 5501 ft. (1677 m.); R.F. Thorne & Lindsay Smith, slope of ridge between Cajon Canyon & Lone Pine Cyn., May 30, 1966, 3496 ft. (1066 m.); I.M. Johnston, near Kelly’s Cabin, July 30, 1917, 7997 ft. (2438 m.)

FVS: July 30, 1917

Hulsea vestita A. Gray, Pumice Alpinegold

LACo.: ridge due n. of Big Horn Ridge, s. of San Antonio Ridge, above & e. of Coldwater Cyn Aug. 27, 1998, 8500-8700 ft. (2591-2652 m.); Juniper Hills, n. side of Pleasant View Ridge between Miller & McClare Cnyn’s., June 16, 2001, 6400 ft. (1951 m.)

Other records:

John Dittes & Gina Hall, n. of Kratka Ridge, c. 1.7 air mi. e. of CloudburstSummit, n. of Angeles Crest Hwy., along Burkhart Tr., between Buckhorn Flat Campground & Cooper Cyn., July 19, 1990, 6196 ft. (1889 m.); Kathy Harper, along unpaved road from Alder Saddle to Pacifico Mt., n.w. of Hwy. 2, May 16, 1986, no elev. given; Rimo Bacigalupi, along USFS Rd. (following the crest Mendenhall Ridge) (10 miles e. of its start at paved road crossing, western crest of ridge between Little Tujunga & Pacoima Cyns.), June 15, 1953, 5097 ft.

(1554 m.)

FVS: June 15, 1953

SBCo.: No records found.

+Hulsea vestita A. Gray ssp. callicarpha (H.M. Hall) Wilken, Beautiful Callicarpha, Pumice Alpinegold

Status: CRPR 4.2 S3.2 G5T3

LACo.: Rimo Bacigalupi & Reino Alava, cliffside along Angeles Crest Hwy. ( State Hwy. 2), along n.w. shoulder of Mt. Islip, July 20, 1958, 7095 ft. (2163 m.); F.W. Peirson, between Pine Flats & Chilao, June 16, 1921, 5497 ft. (1676 m.)

FVS: June 16, 1921

SBCo.: Status: Watch Plant

No records available.

+Hulsea vestita A. Gray ssp. gabrielensis Wilken, San Gabriel Mountains Sunflower, Pumice Alpinegold

Status: CNPS List 4 R-E-D Code 1-1-3 State/Feb. Status: None

CRPR 4.3 S3.3 G5T3

LACo.: Status: Sensitive

From 4002 ft. (1220 m.), at 7.4 miles e. of Bear Divide Station & 14.2 miles w. of Mt. Gleason, J.R. Shevock, July 19, 1974, to 9399 ft. (2864 m.), at summit of Mt. Baden-Powel on s. side of Pk., J.R. Shevock, Oct. 5, 19784; May-Aug., Oct.; rare; transmontane

Other records:

LeRoy Gross, Mistretta, Soza, e. side of Punchbowl Cyn., May 13, 2003, 5199 ft. (1585 m.); George Vowels, Mt. Williamson, June 24, 1969, 7500-8000 ft. (2287- 2439 m.); R.F. Thorne, Tilforth, Dourley, Devil’s Backbone, Mt. San Antonio, July 27, 1971, 9000 ft. (2743 m.); R.F. Thorne, et. al., n. slope of Mt. Waterman near Buckhorn Station, Aug. 11, 1972, 7000 ft. (2134 m.);Valerie Soza & De Groot, c. 0.6 mi. above Cooper Cyn. Trail Camp on e. slope of Winston Pk., June 18, 2003, 6501 ft. (1982 m.)

FVS: June, 1902, A.D.E. Elmer, Acton, Mt. Gleason

SBCo.: Status: Sensitive

T.P. Krantz, above the W. Fork Lytle Creek, proposed expansion to lift I-A of Baldy Ski Area, Aug. 4, 1979, 6901 ft. (2104 m.); R.F. Thorne, Tilforth, Dourley, Devil’s Backbone, Mt. San Antonio, June 12, 1971, 9000 ft. (2743 m.)

FVS: June 12, 1971

+Hulsea vestita A. Gray ssp. parryi (A. Gray) Wilken, Parry’s Sunflower, Pumice Alpinegold

Status: CRPR 4.3 S3.3

LACo.: J.C. Roos, n. slope of Mt. San Antonio, date not given, 9496 ft.

(2895 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

+Hulsea vestita A. Gray ssp. vestita, Pumice Alpinegold

LACo.: June Latting, 1 mi. e. of Whitethorn Spring(presumed near former Whitethorn Campground on Angeles Crest Hwy.), Sep. 6, 1978, 7200 ft.

(2195 m.); J.H. Barber, Mt. Gleason Summit, July 11, 1897, no elev.. given; Dieter H. Wilken, L.A. Co. Rd. N2 between Chilao & Charlton Flats, May 8, 1969, no elev. given; Dieter H. Wiken, 5 miles w., near summit of Mt. Gleason, + Mill Cr. Summit, July 3, 1969, no elev. given

FVS: July 11, 1897

SBCo.: No records found.

Hypochaeris glabra L., Smooth Cat’s-ear

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 540 ft. (165 m.) at San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, below Foothill Blvd., R.G. Swinney, Dec. 2, 2008, to 3000 ft. (914 m.) at jct. of Glendora Mt. Rd. & Glendora Ridge Rd., W.M. Gaunt., Apr. 9, 1966; Mar.-Dec.; fairly common in dry & disturbed areas; cismontane

FVS: Apr. 27, 1934, L.C. Wheeler, Marshall Cr., 1600 ft. (488 m.)

SBCo.: From 1998 ft. (609 m.) at Sycamore Flat & Cajon Cyn, Peter Kamb, May, 15, 1948, to 2719 ft. (829 m.) at Lytle Creek Ranger Station, R.F. Thorne, et al., July 7, 1971; Apr.-July; fairly common in dry & disturbed areas; cismontane

FVS: May 17, 1947, L.C. Wheeler, San Antonio Cyn., no elev. given

Hypochaeris radicata L., Hairy Cat’s Ear

Native to Europe.

LACo.: Tim Ross & Peter Fritsch, near confl. of E. & W. Forks of San Gabriel River (mouth of Burro Cyn.), June 20, 1990, 1460-1528 ft. (445-466 m.)

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Middle Fk. Lytle Cr., near Scotland, July 12, 1968, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

Isocoma acradenia (Greene) Greene var. eremophila (Greene) G.L. Nesom, Alkali Goldenbush, Green-leaved Dune Goldenbush

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: M.N. Ackley, Cajon camp, Oct. 12, 1930, 2919 ft. (890 m.)

Isocoma menziesii (Hook. & Arn.) G.L. Nesom ssp. vernenioides (Nutt.) G.L. Nesom, Coast or Menzies’ Goldenbush

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.; protected sites on dunes, lagoon shores, marshes

LACo.: Jerome S. Horton, SDEF, near San Dimas Park, Oct. 14, 1936; O.F. Clarke, Fontana, w. bank of Lytle Creek Wash, just n. of Devore Cut-off, c. 0.5 mi. north of . of Sierra Ave.; A.H. Gallup, gravelly wash, Mt. Baldy Rd., Oct. 25, 1948, 1401 ft. (427 m.); Scott D. White & Pam DeVries, Big Tujunga Wash: w. of Sunland, s.w. of I-210 Frwy., e. of Hansen Dam, and n. of Wentworth St., Nov. 20-21, 1997, 1050 ft. (320 m.); S.S. Kibby, San Anita Cyn. (Santa Anita Cyn.-added 2011), Dec. 27, 1963, 1998 ft. (609 m.); Valerie L. Soza & LeRoy Gross, n. of fire rd. between Ebey & Doane Cyns, s. of Goldenrod Spring, above Sunland, May 25, 2000, 1800 ft. (548 m.); S.S. Kibby, San Antonio Cyn., Dec. 27, 1963, 1998 ft. (609 m.); P.A. Munz, Lone Hill, Glendora, Nov. 8, 1923, no elev. given

FVS: Nov. 8, 1923

SBCo.: A.H. Gallup, gravelly wash, Mt. Baldy Rd., Oct. 25, 1948, 1400 ft.

(427 m.) (lowest elev. on Mt. Baldy Rd. is 1640 ft. Data says Baldy Rd. at

1400 ft., specimen is perhaps just s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary-added 2009)

Iva axillaris Pursh, Povertyweed

[synonym: I. axillaris Pursh ssp. robustior (Hook.) Bassett]

LACo.: From 3600 ft. (1098 m.), at Pallett Cr., n. base of San Gab. Mts., F.W. Peirson, July 2, 1921, to 5150 ft. (1570 m.), at Caldwell Lake near Valyermo (Sag Pond on the San Andreas Fault), R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, el al., July 20, 1972; May-July, Sep.; rare; transmontane

Records by R.G. Swinney:

Mouth of Sandrock Creek , 0.25 air miles s. of Valyermo Post Office, adj. to irrigated field, June 9, 2008, 3730 ft. (1137 m.); Juniper Hills, 0.4 mi. s. of jnct. of Longview Rd. & Tumbleweed Rd., w. & adjacent to Long View Rd., Mike Booth property, May 21, 2005, 3990 ft. (1216 m.)

Other records:

R. Hoffman, Big Rock Creek, May 19, 1929; Caldwell Lake: L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 15, 1956; R.F. Thorne et. al. July 20, 1972; Mouth of Pallett Creek: P.A. Munz, May 27, 1923 & Frank W. Peirson, July 2, 1921; Wesley O. Griesel, Rd. from Big Pine to Valyermo, May, 28, 1962, 4995 ft. (1523 m.)

FVS: July 4, 1893, Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock

SBCo.: Cajon Wash, 2.9 mi., s.e. of Lone Pine Rd. & State Hwy. 138 Jnct. at USFS Rd. # 3N53, June 21, 1995, 2912 ft. (890 m.); Controversy Spring, upper Cajon Cyn., Oct. 8, 1993, 4599 ft. (1402 m.); also at Controversy Spring: L.C. Wheeler, Sep 7, 1968 & R.F. Thorne et. al., June 21, 1978

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, et al., Controversy Spring, June 21, 1978; L.C. Wheeler, Controversy Spring, Sep. 7, 1968

FVS: Sep. 7, 1968

Lactuca sativa L., Garden Letuce

Only cultivated.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Big Tujunga Cyn. at Trail Cyn., July 30, 1967, 1700 ft.

(518 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Lactuca serriola L., Prickly Lettuce

Native to Europe

LACo.: From 554 ft. (169 m.), at Azusa/Irwindale, between the I-210 Fwy. & Foothill Blvd., on w. side of San Gabriel River channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 7, 2009, to 6145 ft. (1867 m.) at Jackson Flat, R. F. Thorne & J. Dourley, Oct. 10, 1967; Apr.-Nov.; common, mostlly in distrurbed areas; all 3 sections

FVS: July 15, 1915, D.L. Crawford, Palmer Cyn., Claremont

SBCo.: From 2780 ft. (848 m.) at Lost Lake, Oct. 19, 1991, author to 3500 ft. (1066 m.) at Lytle Creek Village, L.C. Wheeler, July 13, 1967; June, July, Oct., Nov.; common, mostly in disturbed areas; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: July 13, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. Village, Lytle Cr., 3500 ft. (1067 m.)

Lagophylla ramosissima Nutt., Branched Lagophylla

[synonyms: L. ramosissima Nutt. ssp. ramosissima and L. ramosissima ssp. congesta (Greene) D.D.Keck]

LACo.: San Dimas Experimental Forest, open places, SDEF, 1988; L.C. Wheeler, Bluebird Truck Tr., near Big Dalton Cyn., July 2, 1968, 2401 ft. (732 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Whitney Cyn., near mouth, June 26, 1967, 1425 ft. (434 m.);

L.C. Wheeler, La Verne, Live Oak Cyn., June 4, 1932, 1700 ft. (518 m.)

FVS: June 4, 1932

SBCo.: Baldy Mesa, 1 mi., w. of 215 on FS Road 3N24, 0.5 mi. w. of Cajon Summit, June 26, 1995, 4398 ft. (1341 m.)

Other records: None found.

Lasiospermum bipinnatum (Thumb.) Druce, Cacoonhead

Native to s. Africa. The only record for N. America.

LACo.: T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, just s. of jct. of Mills Ave. & Mt. Baldy Rd., N. Claremont, May 26, 1992, 1627 ft. (496 m.) (at s. boundary of San Gab. Mts.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Lasthenia californica DC. ex Lindl., California Goldfields

Rare in dry areas throughout

LACo.: From 1299 ft. (396 m.), at Big Dalton Cyn., Samuel R. Tyson, Apr. 22, 1943, to 4736 ft. (1444 m.), off Big Pines Hwy. (Rd. N) near Shoemaker Cyn., along ridge, wash & rosadside, Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et al., May 6, 2005; Mar.-June; rare; transmontane, cismontane

Records by Swinney:

with Vanessa, Merritt, w. of Pinon Hills, 2.1 miles s. of Fort Tejon Rd. at 237th Street E (Mescal Cyn. Road), 0.7 miles n.e. of n. mouth of mescal Cyn. & Reservoir, June 12, 1998, 4520 ft. (1378 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Live Oak Cyn., March 24, 1934, 1550 ft. (473 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Wildwood Ranch,Shuler Cyn., Apr. 14, 1974, 1350 ft. (412 m.); M. Elena Siqueiros, Claremont, n.w. corner of Mills Ave. & Foothill Blvd., Mar. 19, 1994 1351 ft. (412 m.) & Valerio Soza, May 3, 1998; Sula Vanderplank, et. al., off Big Pines Hwy. near Shoemaker Cyn., along ridge, wash & roadside; SDEF, along Garcia Truck Tr., May 13, 1940, collector unknown

FVS: Mar. 24, 1934, L.C. Wheeler, Liveoak Cyn., 1551 ft. (473 m.)

SBCo.: Cajon Wash, c. 1 mi. SSW of Cajon Jnct., off USFS Rd. 3N49, Apr. 29, 1994, (945 m.); Pinyon Hills, “Oak Hills” area, 50-100 m. west of Sunnyslope Rd. & w. of Green Rd., 1.5 mi. n. of Oak Spring Ranch, Apr. 3, 1994, 4799 ft.

(1463 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, Mormon Rocks & Cajon Cyn., Apr. 20 1973, 3400 ft. (1036 m.); Marion P. Harthill, near Cleghom (Cleghorn ?) area, Mar. 28, 1971; F.W. Peirson, foot of mts. near Lytle Cr., Apr. 16, 1919, 1750 ft.

(534 m.) (just s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Apr. 16, 1919

Lasthenia californica Lindl. ssp. californica, California Goldfields

[synonym Lasthenia chrysotoma Fisch & C.A. Mey.) Greene]

LACo.: K. Dobry, Elsmere Cyn., w. San Gab. Mts., Apr. 4, 1991, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Lasthenia coronaria (Nutt.) Ornduff, Southern, Crowned or Royal Goldfields

CA & n.w. Baja CA, Mex.; Rare in open, sunny locations in cismontane areas.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Wash, Feb. 27 1931

Six records from Claremont: 1897-1945, Harley P. Chandler, C.F. Baker, L.C. Wheeler & Lyman Benson; Feb-Aug.; L.A. Greata, Monrovia, Apr. 1, 1902, no elev. given; Frank W. Peirson, Arroyo Seco Cyn., Mar. 27, 1919, 1348 ft. (411 m.); LeRoy Gross, Big Tujunga Wash, e. of I-210 Frwy., Apr. 16, 1999, 1197 ft. (365 m.); F.W. Peirson, Arroyo Seco, near Pasadena, Mar. 3, 1921, 1148 ft.

(350 m.); F.W. Peirson, Arroyo Seco, above Teddy’s, May 7, 1927, 1299 ft.

(396 m.); F.W. Peirson, Rubio Wash, s. base of San Gab. Mts., Mar. 1912, no elev. given

FVS: Feb. 10, 1897(?), Harley P. Chandler, Claremont, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

SBCo.: Cajon Wash Floodplain on w. side of main channel, 100-400 m. south of I- 15 Frwy. & 200-300 m. east of Glen Helen Rd., Mar. 18, 1993, 2040 ft. (622 m.)

Other records: None found.

Lasthenia gracilis (DC.) Greene, Common Goldfields

Highly variable, needs further study.

LACo.: Juniper Hills, 0.4 mi. s. of jct. of Longview Rd. & Tumbleweed Rd., w. & adjacent to Longview Rd., May 21, 2005, 3990 ft.; with Vanessa Merritt, 3 miles w. of Pinon Hills, 2.1 miles s. of Ft. Tejon Rd. at 237th St. E. (Mescal Cyn. Rd.), 0.7 miles n.e. of mouth of Mescal Cyn. at reservoir, between Mescal Cyn. Rd. & Mescal Cr., June 12, 1998, 4520 ft. (1378 m.); Littlerock Cr., 0.3 miles n.w. of Littlerock Cr. Cmpgrd., Apr. 24, 2009, 3001 ft. (915 m.)

Other records: R. Hoffman, Soledad Cyn., Apr. 26, 1929, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Wildwood Ranch, Shuler Cyn., Apr. 14, 1974, 1351 ft. (412 m.); Anonym., Devil’s Gate, Pasadena, May, 1895, no elev. given

FVS: May, 1895

SBCo.: Baldy Mesa Ridge, 1.8 miles n.e. of Hwy. 138, on Rd. 3N24, 0.6 miles e. of point where road crosses ridge, c. 50-150 meters n. of rd., June 10, 1995,

4822 ft. (1470 m.); w. of Cajon Wash & s. of Hwy. 138, c. 1 mile SSW of Cajon Jct., off FS Rd. 3N49, Apr. 29, 1995, 3100 ft. (945 m.); Pinon Hills “Oak Hills” area, 50-100 meters w. end of Sunnyslope Rd., & w. of Green Rd., 1.5 miles n. of Oak Spring Ranch, Apr. 3, 1997, 4799 ft. (1463 m.); Upper Lytle Cr. Divide, 0.3 miles n. of jct. of FS R0ads 3N06 & 3N33, June 24, 1993, 5320 ft. (1622 m.)

Other records:

F.W. Peirson, Cajon Pass, Apr. 16, 1919, 2247 ft. (685 m.); W.L. Jepson, Cajon Pass, May 28, 1914, 3598 ft. (1097 m.)

FVS: May 28, 1914

Layia glandulosa (Hook.) Hook. & Arn., White Layia, Whitedaisy Tidytips

Rare in open, sunny areas with loose soil, on the montane side

LACo.: From 1397 (426 m.), at Big Tujunga Cyn., F.W. Peirson, Mar. 30, 1919, to 8000 ft. (2439 m.), s.e. of Dawson Saddle, S. side of Angeles Crest Hwy. (Hwy. 2), LeRoy Gross & Michael Denslow, June 4, 2003; Feb-July; fairly common in transmontane, rare in montane & cismontane

FVS: Apr. 1, 1902, H.M. Hall, Mescal Cr., s. side of Mohave Desert, 4497 ft. (1371 m.)

SBCo.: From 1499 ft. (457 m.), at end of Haven Ave., n. of Chaffey College, D.A. Young, May 25, 1969, to 7760 ft. (2366 m.), upper Lytle Cr., 2 miles n.w. of Gobler’s Knob, 300 meters n. of Pacific Crest Trail, R.G. Swinney, July 9, 1993; Mar.-July; uncommon at transmontane & Cajon Pass, montane at Upper Lytle Cr. Ridge & Goblers Knob (R.G. Swinney), cismontane at mouth of Lytle Cr., I.M. Johnstone, May 15, 1920, no elev. given

FVS: May 16, 1903, Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, 3802 ft. (1159 m.)

Layia heterotricha (DC.) Hook., Pale-Yellow Layia

LACo.: Anstruther Davidson & Hesse, San Gab. Mts., Big Rock Cr., June 2, 1906, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Layia platyglossa (Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) A. Gray,Coastal Tidytips

(synonyms: L. platyglossa ssp. campestris and L. platyglossa ssp. breviseta)

LACo.: base of west slope of Carson Mesa, 100 meters e. of Angeles Forest Hwy., c. 0.3 miles s. of I-14 Frwy., June 1, 2010, ______, Uncommon (not yet verified, not yet posted on Consortium)

Other records:

H.L. Cogswell, w. slope near bottom of small valley, 2/3 miles n. of San Dimas, Foothill Co. Park (base of San Gab. Mts.), Plot 2, May 8, 1951, 1499 ft. (457 m.); R.F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, Fish Cyn., May 22, 1971, 1100 ft. (335 m.); Mr. & Mrs. Henry J. Ramsey, Foothill Blvd., w. of San Gabriel Bridge, Mar. 4, 1940, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, hill w. of Arroyo Seco-San Gab. Mts., Mar. 27, 1919, 1397 ft. (426 m.); R.F. Thorne & H.C. Gibson, Fish Cyn., May 22, 1971, 1000 ft. (305 m.); H.P.C., Claremont, May 3, 1897, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

FVS: May 3, 1897

SBCo.: H.M. Hall, Rialto to mouth of Lytle Cr. Cyn., San Antonio Mts., June 1-3, 1900, 2496 ft. (751 m.)

Lepidospartum latisquamum S. Watson, Nevada Broomsage

rare from Cajon Pass, near Lone Pine Cyn., & Sheepcreek, to Swarthout Valley, w. of Wrightwood

LACo.: Seven records from Swarthout Valley from 6 different collectors, between Wrightwood & Big Pines, several say near sawmill; July-Sep.; 1923-1967; 6498-6569 ft. (1981-2026 m.)

FVS: Sep. 1, 1923, P.A. Munz, Saw Mill, Swartout Valley, 6645 ft. (2026 m.)

SBCo.: s.w. base of Circle Mt., in Horse Cyn., July 9, 1995 & Aug. 31, 1993, 5800-5880 ft. (1768-1793 m.)

Other records:

Seven records from Sheep Creek, Apr.-Oct., 5248-5497 ft. (1600-1676 m.);

John A. Adams, Wrightwood, Sep. 23, 1967; Randall T. Schuh et. al., e. of Wrightwood on Route 2, two km. west of Rt. 138; Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, Aug. 19, 1824, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Aug. 19, 1824, Marcus Jones, Cajon Pass

Lepidospartum squamatum (A. Gray) A. Gray, Scale-broom, California Broomsage

Toxic to livestock but unpalatable.

LACo.: From 670 ft. (204 m.) at San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, Azusa/Duarte, R.G. Swinney, Nov. 30, 2008, to 6248 ft. (1905 m.) at Big Rock Creek near Vincent Gap, B.C. Templeton, Aug. 26, 1932; all year; common in dry areas; transmontane, montane at Cabin Flats, Prairie Fk., cismontane

FVS: Sep. 20, 1903, C.F. Baker, San Antonio Cyn., near Claremont, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 1300 ft. (396 m.) n.w. of Claremont in alluvium, Nov. 21, 1944, Lyman Benson, to 5497 ft. (1676 m.) at Lone Pine Cyn., Oct. 23, 1931, C.B. Wolf; Feb.-Nov.; common in dry areas; transmontane, montane margin at Lone Pine Cyn., 1.5 miles from summit of rd. to Swartout Valley, C.B. Wolf, Oct. 23, 1931, 5497 ft. (1676 m.), cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Sep. 1, 1923, P.A. Munz, Sheep Cr., San Antonio Mts., 3998 ft. (1219 m.)

+Leptosyne bigelovii (A. Gray) A. Gray, Bigelow’s Coreopsis, Bigelow’s Tickseed

[synonym: Coreopsis bigelovii (A. Gray) Voss]

LACo.: From 3200 ft. (966 m.) at Little Rock Cr., F.W. Peirson, May 19,1921 and at Littlerock Cr., c. 200 m. below (n. of) Litlerock Cr. Dam, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 24, 2009, to 8000 ft. (2439 m.), s.e. of Dawson Saddle, s. side of Angeles Crest Hwy. (Hwy. 2), LeRoy Gross & Michael Denslow, June 4, 2003; Apr-June; fairly common; transmontane, montane

FVS: June 2, 1906, H.E. Hasse & A. Davidson, Rock Creek, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 3400 ft. (1037 m.), at foothills near Cajon Pass, n.w. of jct. of l-15/ St. Hwy. 138, c. 1 air mile w. of I-15, 1 air mile n. of State Hwy. 138, S.D. White, May 13, 2000, to 6140 ft. (1872 m.), near summit of peak s.e. of Oak Springs Ranch, s. of Pinon Hills, R.G. Swinney, May 27, 1996; Mar.-June; uncommon; transmontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Apr. 1, 1885, S.B. & W.F. Parish, Cajon Pass, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary) or May 16, 1903, Marcus E. Jones, San Gab. Mts. region, Cajon Pass, 3802 ft. (1159 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Leptosyne californica Nutt., California Tickseed

[synonyms: Coreopsis californica (Nutt.) H.K. Sharsm. and Coreopsis californica (Nutt. H.K. Sharsmith var. califronica,

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: F.T. Ralph, 9.0 miles e. of jct. with rd. to Valyermo and Big Pines, e. of Pearblossom, 0.6 miles w. of jct. with rd. to Victorville, Apr. 1, 1960, no elev. given; T.S. Ross, Fort Tejon Rd., 0.1 miles w. of its jct. with Hwy. 138 (& hiking +/- S. to SSW), c. 0.25-3.0 miles w. of county line, Apr. 27, 1992, 3880-3 ft.

(1183 m.); P.A Munz, Cobal Cyn., n. of Claremont, Mar. 16, 1925, 1700 ft.

(518 m.); I.M. Johnston, San Gabriel Mts. region, above Claremont, Mar. 29, 1917, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, 3.2 miles s. of Hwy. 138, along Grandview Cyn. Rd., Apr. 20, 1973, 4200 ft. (1280 m.); F.W. Peirson, San Anita Wash, s. base of San Gab. Mts., Apr. 26, 1920, 700 ft. (213 m.); Thekla Mohr, Eaton Cyn., Apr. 1897, no elev. given; H.P.C., Leslie Cyn., Claremont, Mar. 11, 1897, 51797 ft. (548 m.)

FVS: Mar. 11, 1897

SBCo.: F.W. Peirson, San Gab. Mts., w. of Lytle Cr., Apr. 16, 1919, no elev. given; S.B. Parish, summit Cajon Pass, Apr. 12, 1919, no elev. given

FVS: Apr. 12, 1919

+Leptosyne calliopsidea (DC.) A. Gray, Leafstem Tickseed

[synonym: Coreopsis calliopsidea (DC.) A. Gray]

LACo.: H.& M. Dearing, Little Rock Cr., Apr. 9, 1933, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, Walter Wisura, et al., Grassy slopes above Little Rock Cr., below dams, Apr. 20, 1982, 3200 ft. (976 m.); F.W. Peirson, roadside, near Little Rock, May 13, 1917, no elev. given

FVS: May 13, 1917

SBCo.: No records found.

+Leptosyne douglasii DC., Douglas Tickseed

[synonym: Coreopsis douglasii (DC.) H.M. Hall]

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Live Oak Cyn., Apr. 16, 1933, 1400 ft. (427 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Cobal Cyn., May 13, 1933, 1600 ft. (488 m.); M.N. Ackley, Little Rock, May 8, 1926, 2998 ft. (914 m.) (possibly n. of San Gab.. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 8, 1926

SBCo.: No records found.

Lessingia glandulifera A. Gray, Valley Lessingia

LACo.: Graham Cyn., south of Mescal Highlands, June 28, 1999, 4940 ft.

(1506 m.); Big John Flat, n. edge, June 18, 1999, 5419 ft. (1652 m.);

Other records: None found.

FVS: June 18, 1999

SBCo.: Baldy Mesa, June 26, 1995, 4040 ft. (1232 m.); Cucamonga, meadow,c. 0.5 mi. s.e. of Mouth of Day Cyn., Aug. 25, 1994, 2400 ft. (732 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Aug. 25, 1994

Lessingia glandulifera A. Gray var. glandulifera, Sticky Lessingia, Valley Lessingia

[synonyms: L. lemmonii A. Gray var. lemmonii and L. glandulifera var. ramulosissima (A. Nelson) Ferris]

LACo.: From 1099 ft. (335 m.) at San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, L.C. Wheeler, Nov 26, 1933, to 6245 ft. (1904 m.) at Big Pine Park, Clare B. Hardham, Aug. 28, 1936; May-Oct.; uncommon; all 3 sections

Additional records:

Claremont: N.R. Shaw, Claremont, June 19, 1900; L.R. Abrams, July 1901; E.D. Palmer, June 1, 1902; C.F. Baker & Edward L. Greene, Aug 1, 1903; L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 1, 1931; Lyman Benson, Oct. 31, 1948

San Gabriel Cyn. Wash: L.R. Abrams, July 5, 1902, near power house; L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 26, 1933; Henry J. & Mrs. H.J. Ramsey, Aug. 19, 1937

FVS: July 5, 1902, L.R. Abrams, near power house, San Gabriel Cyn.

SBCo.: From 2700 ft. (823 m.) at mouth of Day Cyn. R.F. Thorne, July 7, 1971, to 6901 ft. (2104 m.) at upper Lytle Creek Ridge, Goblers Knob, R.G. Swinney, June 29, 1993; June-Oct.; uncommon-fairly common; transmontane, montane, cismontane at c. 0.5 miles s.e. of mouth of Day Cyn., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 25, 1994, 2401 ft. (732 m.), Cajon Pass

FVS: Sep. 27, 1927, R. Hoffman, Cajon Pass, no elev. given (possibly e. of San Gab. Mts. Boundary)

Logfia depressa (A. Gray) Holub, Herba Limpia, Dwarf Cottonrose

(synonym: Filago depressa A. Gray)

LACo.: Mescal Highlands, 1 mi. s. of Ft Tejon Rd. May 16, 1998, 4289-4420 ft. (1305-1348 m.)

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, So. Calif. Transmission line tower (Seg. 6, structure 23 per TRTP Survey 2008), vic. of Aliso Cyn., w. of Angeles Forest Hwy., Apr. 16, 2008, 3746 ft. (1142 m.); T.S. Ross, Fort Tejon Rd., 0.1 mi. w. of jct. with State Hwy 138, Apr. 27, 1991, 3880-3950 ft. (1183-1296 m.)

FVS: Apr. 27, 1991

SBCo.: No records found.

Logfia filaginoides (Hook. & Arn.) Morefield, California Cottonrose

(synonyms: Filago californica Nutt. and Logfia californica (Nutt.) Holub,

Common in dry, open places

LACo.: From 581 ft. (177 m.), at mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., between I-210 Fwy. & Foothill Blvd., Azusa/Irwindale, 200-300 meters e. of San Gabriel River Channel, R.G. Swinney, Feb. 20, 2009, to 4200 ft. (1280 m.), at Kitter Cyn., slopes w. of main cyn., Orlando Mistretta, Par (Mar.-added 2011) 28, 1995; Feb.- June; fairly common; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: 1918, F.W. Peirson, foothills of Rubio Cyn., 1998 ft. (609 m.)

SBCo.: From 2247 ft. (685 m.) at Cucamonga Creek Percolation Basin, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 30, 1994, to 3734 ft. (1384 m.) at Ralston Pk., R.G. Swinney, July 8, 1995; Apr.-July; uncommon; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: May 15, 1968, L.C. Wheeler, Spring Hill, San Antonio Cyn., 4000 ft.

(1219 m.)

Logfia gallica (L.) Coss. & Germ., Daggerleaf or Narrowleaf Cottonrose

(synonym: Filago gallica L.)

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.) at San Gabriel Cyn. Wash & the I-210 Frwy., R.G. Swinney, Feb. 20, 2009, to 3220 ft. (951 m.), vic. of Wilson Cyn. Saddle, T.S. Ross & Walter Appleby, May 20, 1993; Apr.-June, Oct.; common in dry, waste places and burns; cismontane

FVS: Apr. 27, 1934, L.C. Wheeler, Liveoak Cyn., 1601 ft. (488 m.)

SBCo.: Although only 2 records were found, perhaps uncommon in waste, dry areas and burns.

ridgetop n.w. of Grande Ciello Buffalo Ranch, w. of Cajon Wash ,s. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., June 1, 1996, 3760 ft. (1146 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, Sycamore Flat, 1/8 mi. e. of Sycamore Fire Station, June 5, 1971

FVS: June 5, 1971

Luina serpentina Cronquist, Creeping Silverback

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: M. Peterson, Lost Lake (dry lakeside), July 13, 1972, 3096 ft. (944 m.)

Madia elegans D. Don ex Lindl., (Leafy) Common Madia

[synonyms: M. elegans ssp. densifolia and M. elegans ssp. elegans and M. elegans ssp. vernalis and M. elegans ssp. wheeleri] All 4 synonyms listed below and indented.

LACo.: Dieter H.Wilton, near Mt. Gleason Summit, w. of Mill Cr.Summit, July 15, 1967, 6498 ft. (1981 m.); Frank W. Peirson, San Antonio Cyn., Aug. 16, 1908, 4398 ft. (1341 m.); Sott D. White & Chris Huntley, Mt. Gleason, Sep. 30, 2008, 6501 ft. (1982 m.); J.H. Barber, summit of Mt. Gleason, July 11, 1897, no elev. given

FVS: July 11, 1897

SBCo.: I.M. Johnston, head of S. Fork of Lytle Cr., San Antonio Mts., July 15, 1917, 5996 ft. (1828 m.); I.M. Johnston, Day Cyn., San Antonio Mts., June 15, 1917, 2749 ft. (838 m.)

FVS: June 15, 1917

Synonym Madia elegans D. Don ex Lindl. ssp. densifolia (Greene) Keck, Leafy Common Madia, Showy Tarweed

LACo.: 0.2 mi. s.w. of jnct. of Mt. Baldy Rd. with Glendora Mt. Road, Aug. 23, 1994; Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn., upper area of Dunn Cyn. Trail, May, 12, 2003, 1700 ft. (518 m.)

Other records:

San Antonio Cyn.: Frank W. Peirson, Aug. 16, 1918 & Sep. 17, 1920, 4398 ft. (1341 m.); Frank W. Peirson, at co. line, June 5, 1919, 4400 ft.,

(141 m.); C.F. Baker Aug. 2, 1903, no elev. given

LC. Wheeler, foothills e. of Palmer Cyn., Sep. 1, 1931, 2000 ft. (609 m.)

FVS: Aug. 2, 1903, C.F. Baker, San Antonio Cyn., near Claremont

SBCo.: I.M. Johnston, Day Cyn., July 15, 1917, 2749 ft. (838 m); R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, San Antonio Cyn., July 2, 1967, 4450 ft. (1356 m.); I.M. Johnston, mouth of Cucamonga Cyn., Aug. 8, 1915, 2000 ft. (610 m.)(also det. as M. elegans ssp. elegans)

FVS: Aug. 8, 1915

Synonym Madia elegans D. Don ex Lindl. ssp. elegans, Common Madia

LCo.: D.L. Crawford, Mts. above Claremont June 30, 1915, 4000 ft. (1219 m.);

Orlando Mistretta, Mt. Gleason Management Unit, Mt. Gleason, Aug. 20, 1992, no elev. given; J.C. Roos, Mirror Lake, San Antonio Cyn., boundary between Los Angeles & San Antonio Cyn., (?-added 2011) July 18, 1937, no elev. given

FVS: June 30, 1915, D.L. Crawford, mt. above Claremont, 4000 ft. (1219 m.)

SBCo.: Lymon Benson, 1 mi. s.w. of Camp Baldy drainage area, June 5, 1945, 3500 ft. (1066 m.); R.F. Thorne et. al., San Sevaine Cow Camp, July 7, 1971, 4700 ft. (1432 m.)

FVS: Aug. 8, 1915, I.M. Johnston, mouth of Cucamonga Cyn., 2000 ft. (610 m.)

[also det. as M. elegans ssp. densifolia (Greene) Keck]

Synonym Madia elegans D. Don ex Lindl. ssp. vernalis D.D. Keck, Spring Madia

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn., 0.9 mi. E. of Glendora Mt. Rd. at Big Dalton Cyn. Rd. (Big Dalton Cyn. Wilderness Park-added 2010) May 10, 1989,1378 ft. (420 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: R.S., Woglum, Spring Hill, Apr. 27, 1940;

Synonym *Madia elegans D. Don ex Lindl. ssp. wheeleri (A. Gray) D.D. Keck, Wheeler’s Tarweed

LACo.: Tim Ross, just e. of millitary Reservation near summit of Mt. Gleason, July 16, 1992, 6235 ft. (1901 m.)T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, Mt. Gleason area, north-northeasterly ridge descending from Messenger Peak, May 23, 1990, (6015 ft.), on the watershed divide between Mill Cyn. & Moody Cyn., May 23, 1990, 5000 ft. (1524 m.); L.C. Wheeler, San Antonio Cyn., Aug. 16, 1931, 3000 ft. (915 m.)

FVS: Aug. 16, 1931

SBCo.: Upper San Sevaine Flats, c. 200 m. w. of jnct. of 1N34D with 1N34, July 16, 1993, 5540 ft. (1689 m.)

Other records:

I.M. Johnston, lower & upper San Sevaine Flat, July 10, 1925; L.C. Wheeler, San Antonio Cyn., Aug. 16, 1931, 3000 ft. (915 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Grape Vine Cyn., off Lytle Creek, Nov. 4, 1967, 4500 ft. (1371 m.); I.M. Johnston, head of S. Fork Lytle Creek, July 15, 1917, 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

FVS: July 15, 1917

Madia exigua (Sm.) A. Gray, Threadstem Madia, Small Tarweed

Often confused with Hemizonella minima (A. Gray) A. Gray.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Sunset Ridge by Millard Cyn., n. side, n.e. of Coulter Reservoir, June 16, 1967, 2100 ft. (640 m.); K.H.B., trail to Cattle Cyn., SDEF, May 14, 1940, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, Fish Cyn., May 21, 1923, 3000 ft. (914 m.); F.W. Peirson, W. Fork San Gabriel Cyn., June 21, 1921, 2000 ft.

(609 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Live Oak Cyn., June 4 1932, 1700 ft., (518 m.); F.W. Peirson, Henniger Flats, May 26, 1918, 2847 ft. (868 m.)

FVS: May 26, 1918

SBCo.: No records found.

Madia glomerata Hook., Mountain Tarweed

LACo.: BC. Templeton W. Blue Ridge, Big Pines Park, June 6, 1933, 6849 ft. (2088 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Madia gracilis (Sm.) D.D. Keck, Gumweed, Slender Tarweed, Grassy Tarweed

LACo.: From 1161 ft. (354 m.), at Glendora, 150 meters e. of Big Dalton Cyn. Flood ControlChannel in Wren Cyn., along Wren-Meacham Trail, R.G. Swinney, July 7, 1998, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at 0.8 miles s.e. of jct. of Pine Mt. Ridge & Fish Fk. Trail, R.G. Swinney, July 21, 1998; May-Aug.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: May 24, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Palmer’s Cyn., Claremont, 2398 ft.

(732 m.)

SBCo.: Rare in cismontane dry areas, sometimes in disturbed soil

Lytle Creek Cyn., 2 mi. n. of San Sevaine Rd. near the Hitching Ranch, July 14, 1993, 3100 ft. (948 m.); Frankish Pk., Aug. 7, 1996, 5000 ft. (1524 m.)

Other records:

R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, above Baldy Village, San Antonio Cyn., July 2, 1967,

4450 ft. (1356 m.); F.W. Peirson, San Antonio Cyn., June 5, 1919, 4400 ft.

(1341 m.); I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Cyn., Aug 8, 1918, 2000 ft. (610 m.)

FVS: Aug. 8, 1918

Madia sativa, Molina, Coast Tarweed

LACo.: Ira W. Clokey & B. Templeton, Big Pines Park, June 1, 1932, 6849 ft. (2088 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Malacothrix californica DC., California Desertdandelion

LACo.: John Macdonald, along Big Pines Hwy., c. ½ mile s.e. of Jackson Lake, c. 2.5 meters n.w. of jct. with Angeles Crest Hwy., June 28, 2005, 4100 ft.

(1250 m.); Thos. Craig, near Little Rock Dam, Mojave Desert slope of San Gab. Mts., June 19, 1927, no elev. given

FVS: June 19, 1927

SBCo.: No records found.

Malacothrix clevelandii A. Gray, Cleveland’s Desertdandelion

LACo.: From 1499 ft. (457 m.), at San Dimas Cyn., P.A. Munz & R.D. Harwood, May 2, 1920, to 4995 ft. (1523 m.), at Mt. Lowe, unknown, June 10, 1906; Apr.- July; rare; transmontane, cismontane

Other records - partial:

R.G. Swinney, 2.1 mi. s.w. of Hwy 39 (at Rincon Station) on Rincon -Redbox Rd.; P.A. Munz, San Gabriel Cyn.; Anstruther Davidson, San

Gabriel Cyn.; T.S. Ross, San Antonio Cyn., upper n. side of Hog Back; L.C. Wheeler, Bell Cyn.; L.C. Wheeler, n. side of ridge n. of Cascade Cyn., San Antonio Cyn.; Orlando Mistretta, Cow Cyn., saddle to 2nd. main drainage; F. W. Peirson, forks of San Gabriel River; F.W. Peirson, Fish Cyn.; T. Craif, Bear Cyn. Tr. to Mt. San Antonio; K.H.B. & S.R.T., Chapman Burn, SDEF

FVS: July 1883, Anstruther Davidson, Switzer’s Camp, no elev. given

SBCo.: ridgetop n.w. of Grande Cielo Buffalo Ranch at Cajon Pass, lower Lytle Cr. Divide, June 1, 1996, 3000-3400 ft. (915-1037 m.); Lower Lytle Cr. Divide, June 17, 1995, 3300-3600 ft. (1006-1098 m.); Baldy Mesa, 2.0 mi. n.e. of Hwy. 138 & Lone Pine Cyn. Rd. jnct., May 29, 1995, 3600 ft. (1098 m.); Ralston Pk., May 23, 1998, 4380 ft. (1335 m.)

Other records:

B.Pitzer, Cajon Pass area, mouth of Lone Pine Cyn., at Swarthout Cyn. Rd.; May 5, 1995, 2749 ft. (838 m.); Marcus Jones, Cajon Pass, May 16, 1903, 3800 ft.

(1159 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, Lower Lone Pine Cyn. near jnct. of rd. to Cajon Jnct., June 26, 1969, 3690 ft. (1125 m.)

FVS: Mar. 29, 1901, S.B. Parish, below Cajon Pass, 2499 ft. (762 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Malacothrix coulteri Harv. & A. Gray, Snake’s Head

LACo.: Carr Cyn., 0.3 miles s.e. of Mt. Emma Rd. crossing, e. of Little Rock Cr., May 5, 2009, 3119 ft. (951 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: Marjorie Shaw, upper Cajon Pass, May, 1917 (this may be n.e. of the San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Malacothrix glabrata (A. Gray ex D.C. Eaton) A. Gray, Smooth Desertdandelion

LACo.: From 1600 ft. (488 m.), at San Gabriel Cyn., P.A. Munz, Apr. 23, 1925, to 7200 ft. (2195 m.), at trail from saddle to Mt. Williamson; Crystal Lake, LeRoy Gross & Michael Denslow, June 4, 2003; Mar.-July; uncommon; all 3 areas

FVS: June 1899, H.M. Hall, Swarthout Cyn., 6498 ft. (1981 m.)

SBCo.: From 3500 ft. (1067 m.), at Lytle Cr., F.W. Peirson, May 19, 1920, to 6901 ft. (2104 m.), at w. side of Gobbler’s Knob, 1/3 way up from w. side, burn area of 1992; May-July; uncommon; transmontane, montane, cismontane

FVS: May 19, 1920

Malacothrix saxatilis (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray, Cliff Desertdandelion

Vars. intergrade.

LACo.: Duarte, Van Tassel Cyn., 1.45 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., Encanto Dr./Fish Cyn. Dr., Nov 30, 2008, 669 ft. (204 m.); n. of Azusa, El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, Apr. 15, 2009, 971 ft. (296 m.); Duarte, lower Van Tassel Fire Rd., Van Tassel Cyn., Apr. 16, 2007, 1440 ft. (439 m.)

Other records:

Justin M. Wood & Brandy Wood, Evey Cyn., Trail to Potato Mt., Jan. 2, 2009, 2240 ft. (683 m.)

FVS: Apr. 16, 2007

SBCo.: Baldy Mesa Ridge, 7.5 miles e. of jct. of FS Road 3N24 and Baldy Mesa Ridge at terminus of FS Rd. 3N24 on Baldy Mesa Ridge

Other records: None found.

+Malacothrix saxatilis (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray var. saxatilis, Cliff Desertdandelion

Status: CRPR 4.2 S3.2 G5T3

LACo.: R. Aguayo, 13.5 miles n. of l-210 in Azusa on State Hwy. 39 to gated rd. along W. Fork San Gabriel River, 1.1 miles w. of gate, May 22, 1922, no elev. given

SBCo.: Baldy Mesa Ridge, 7.5 mi. e. of jnct. of Rd. 3N24 & Baldy Mesa Ridge, on Baldy Mesa Ridge, June 26, 1995, 4400 ft. (1341 m.)

Other records: None found.

*Malacothrix saxatilis (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray var. tenuifolia (Nutt.) A. Gray, Cliff Desertdandelion

LACo.: From 1100 ft. (335 m.) +/_ 50 ft., at Big Tujunga Wash: Sunland-Tujunga Area; alluvial fan below San Gab. Mts., s.w. of I-210 Frwy., e. of Hansen Dam & n. of Wentworth St., Scott D. White, May 14, 1997, to 2400 ft. (731 m.), at Upper Winter Cr. Trail at San Olene Cyn., Valerie L. Soza & Kent Hughes, June 17, 1999; May-July; fairly common; montane, cismontane

FVS: May 3, 1920, F.W. Peirson, Big Tujunga Wash, 1099 ft. (335 m.)

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne, Larry E. DeBuhr, et al., due s. of Lost Lake & near Blue Cut, Oct. 13, 1972, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth et al., 1 mile n.w. of Lost Lake, where Lone Pine Cyn. Rd. crosses Lone Pine Cr., June 29, 1972, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., 1 mile n.w. of Lost Lake where Lone Pine Cyn. Road crosses Lone Pine Cr., June, 19, 1972, 2998 ft. (914 m.)

FVS: June 19, 1972

Matricaria discoidea DC., Pineapple Weed, Rayless Chamomile, Disc Mayweed

[synonyms: Chamomilla suaveolens (Pursh) Rydb. and M. matricarioides (Less.) Porter, misappl.]

Native to n.w. N. America, n.e. Asia.

LACo.: LaVerne, Marshall & Live Oak Cyns., Apr. 13, 1998, 1801 ft. (549 m.); Littlelrock Cr., c. 200 m. below (north of) Littlerock Cr. Dam, Apr. 24, 2009,

3159 ft. (963 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Sycamore Flat Cmpgrd., Big Rock Cr., May 3, 1967, 4300 ft.

(1311 m.)

FVS: May 3, 1967

SBCo.: Upland, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 4, 1998, 2450 ft. (747 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. Village, June 12, 1968, 3400 ft. (1037 m.)

FVS: June 12, 1968

Micropus californicus Fisch. & C.A. Mey., Q-tips, False Cotton Seed

[synonym: Bombycilaena californica (Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) Holub]

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Wrightwood, 1.7 miles s. w. of jct. of Oak Spring Ranch Rd. (Desert Frontage Rd.) and Hwy. 2, e. of Sheep Cr., c. 120 meters n. of Hwy. 2, May 28, 1995, 5599 ft. (1707 m.)

Other records: None found.

Micropus californicus Fisch & C.A. Mey. var. californicus, Cottontop, Slender Cottonweed, Q-Tips, False Cotton Seed

[synonym: Bombycilaena californica (Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) Holub var. californica]

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Spring Hill, San Antonio Cyn., May 15, 1968, 4002 ft. (1220 m.) (This is probably e. of the county line in SB. Co.); L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., May 18, 1967, 1699 ft. (518 m.); L.C. Wheeler, San Antonio Cyn., below Hogback, May 28, 1932, 4200 ft. (1280 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Palmer Cyn., Apr. 17, 1934, 1673 ft. (510 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Live Oak Cyn., Apr. 15, 1934, 1601 ft. (488 m.)

FVS: Apr. 15, 1934

SBCo.: w. of Cajon Wash & s. of Hwy 138, c. 1 mile SSW of Cajon Jct., off FS Road 3N49, Apr. 29, 1995, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

Other records: None found.

+Monolopia lanceolata Nutt., Common Hillside Daisy or Monolopia

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, low hill near entrance to Tujunga Cyn., Mar. 30, 1919,

1299 ft. (396 m.); F.W. Peirson, Tujunga Cyn., (low hill at foot) Mar. 28, 1920,

1499 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: Mar. 28, 1920

SBCo.: No records found.

Monoptilon bellidiforme Torr. & A. Gray ex A. Gray, Daisy Desertstar

LACo.: sandy deserts & washes

near Pinon Hills, Mescal Highlands, Graham Cyn., 1.7 mi. n. of Panorama Way, 0.6 mi. s. of Ft. Tejon Rd., May 16, 1998, 4000 ft. (1220 m.)

Other records: R.F. Thorne & G.C. Wallace, Ft. Tejon Rd. near jnct. with Longview Rd., c. 3 miles s. of Pearblossom Rd. Apr. 24, 1973, 3500 ft. (1067 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, 3.2 mi. s. of Hwy 138 along Grandview Cyn. Road, Apr. 20, 1973, 4200 ft. (1280 m.)

FVS: Apr. 20, 1973

SBCo.: No records found.

Nicolletia occidentalis A. Gray, Mojave Hole-in-the-sand Plant

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: Thos. Craig, near Little Rock Dam, June 19, 1927, no elev. given; Anstrutner Davidson, Little Rock Cr., Oct. 1, 1897

FVS: Oct. 1,1897

SBCo.: No records found.

Osmadenia tenella Nutt., Osmadenia, False Rosinweed

[synonym: Calycadenia tenella (Nutt.) Torr. & A.Gray]

s.w. CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: Glendora, 0.5 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., at e. end of Highcrest,

1151 ft. (351 m., May 10, 1969, in burn area of 1968-Johnston Peak Fire-added 2011)

Other records:

Fordyce Grinnell Jr., Arroyo Seco near Pasadena, May 5, 1910, 1197 ft.

(365 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Live Oak Cyn., June 4, 1932, 1700 ft. (518 m.); Lyman Benson, Webb School above Claremont, May 23, 1957, 1597 ft. (487 m.); L.A. Greata, N. Pasadena, Arroyo Seco (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary);

Minnie Reed, Claremont, San Gab. Mts., Aug. 22, 1895

FVS: Aug. 22, 1895

SBCo.: No records found.

+Packera bernardina (Greene) W.A. Weber & A. Love, San Bernardino Ragwort

(synonym: Senecio bernardinus Greene)

Status CNPS List: 1B R-E-D Code: 2-2-3 State/Fed. Status: /C2

CRPR: 1B.2 S2.2 G2

LACo.: Fultz, San Gabriel Mts. Region, Top Tehunga Pass (Tujunga-added 2011), no elev. given.

SBCo.: No records found.

+Packera ionophylla (Greene) W.A. Weber. & A. Love, Tehachapi Butterweed or Ragwort

(synonym: Senecio ionophyllus Greene )

Status: CNPS List: 4 R-E-D Code: 1-1-3 State/Fed. Status: none

CRPR 4.3 S3.3 G3

LACo.: From 4497 ft. (1371 m.), at Big Rock Cr., July 6, 1893, Anstruther Davidson, July 6, 1803, to 8750 ft. (2666 m.), just n. of summit of Mt. Hawkins on saddle between Hawkins & Throop Pk., R.F. Thorne, Aug. 25, 1971; May-Aug.; rare; transmontane, montane

FVS: July 6, 1893, Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock Cr., 4497 ft. (1371 m.)

SBCo.: From 4999 ft. (1524 m.), at Cascade Cyn., (Fk. of San Antonio Cyn., I.M. Johnston, June 23, 1918, to 7747 ft. (2362 m.), at head of Prairie Fk., San Gabriel River, I.M. Johnston, Aug. 24, 1917; June-Aug.; rare; transmontane at ridge n.e. of Table Mt., Pinon Hills area, montane

FVS: June 1-3, 1900, H.M. Hall, Lytle Creek Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 5596 ft. (1828 m.)

+Pentachaeta aurea Nutt., Golden-rayed Pentachaeta, Golden Chaetopappa

(synonym: Chaetopappa aurea (Nutt.) D.D. Keck)

LACo.: Anonym., San Dimas meadow, May 11, 1943, SDEF, no elev. Given; Samuel R. Tyson, San Dimas Cyn., Apr. 24, 1942, 1499 ft. (457 m.);

L.C. Wheeler, E. side San Dimas Cyn., near Dam, June 6, 1936, 1500 ft.

(457 m.); Jerome S. Horton, 1/4 mi. s.e. of San Dimas Res., May 7, 1936,

1597 ft. (487 m.)

FVS: May. 7, 1936

SBCo.: No records found.

Pleiacanthus spinosus (Nutt.) Rydb., Thorn Skeletonweed

[synonyms: Lygodesmia spinosa Nutt. and Stephanomeria spinosa (Nutt.) S. Tomb, Thorn Skeleton Weed]

LACo.: From 7000 ft. (2134 m.), at summit of Table Mt. above Big Pines Ranger Station, R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, July 9, 1969, to 8295 ft. (2529 m.), at summit of Blue Ridge, 3 miles e. of Big Pines, Swartout Valley, F.W. Peirson, Aug. 31, 1923; July-Sep.; rare; transmontane, montane

FVS: July 5, 1922, F.W. Peirson, summit of Blue Ridge, Swartout Valley, 7997 ft. (2438 m.)

SBCo.: No records found. 2 listed in CCH under SB County for Blue Ridge (LA Co.)

Pluchea odorata (L.) Cass. var. odorata, Saltmarsh Fleabane, Sweetscent

LACo.: LeRoy Gross, Tujunga Ponds, w. of I-210 Frwy. in Big Tujunga Wash, City of Sunland, Sep. 20, 1998, 1200 ft. (365 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Pluchea sericea (Nutt.) Coville, Arrow Weed

LACo.: Dr. A. Davidson, Wilsons Pk., June 1892, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Pseudognaphalium beneolens (Davidson) Anderb., Fragrant Everlasting, Wright’s Cudweed

[synonyms: Gnaphalium canescens DC. ssp. beneolens (Davidson) Stebbins & Keil; and Gnaphalium beneolens Davidson and P. canescens (DC.) W.A. Weber ssp. beneolens (Davidson) Kartesz]

LACo.: From 2401 ft. (732 m.), at Glendora Ridge Mtwy., 0.5 miles n. of Glendora Mt. Rd., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 5, 1989, to 8279 ft. (2524 m.), at Dawson Pk. Ridge Trail at far n.e. trib. of Upper Fish Fk., San Gabriel River, 1.3 miles w. of Dawson Pk., R.G. Swinney, Sep. 7, 1998; Mar., June, Sep.; rare; all 3 sections

FVS: Sep. 28, 1938, J. Horton, Tanbark Flats, 2696 ft. (822 m.)

SBCo.: Ball Flat, Sep. 6, 1997, 6150-6200 ft. (1875-1890 m.); 1.6 mi. w. of well at San SeVaine Flats, July 21, 1993, 6000 ft. (1829 m.); Stoddard Flats,

July 24, 1995, 4480 ft. (1365 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Lost Lake Sep 16, 1967, 2800 ft. (853 m.)

FVS: Sep. 16, 1967

Pseudognaphalium bioletti Anderb., Two-color Rabbit-tobacco

(synonyms: Gnaphalum bicolor Bioletti and P. bicolor (Bioletti) Anderb.

CA & Baja Ca, Mex.

LACo.: From 500 + ft. (152 m.), at San Gabriel Wash, at Azusa, I.M. Johnston, Jan 1, 1920, to 3496 ft. (1066 m.), at e.-facing ridge near Hogees Cmpgrd. on Winter Cr., above Chantry Flat in Santa Anita Cyn., C.R. Parks, Sep. 2, 1963; Jan.-June, Sep., Oct.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Jan. 26, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Rubio Cyn., s. base of San Gab. Mts.,

1752 ft. (534 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Pseudognaphalium cailfornicum (DC.) Anderb., California Everlasting, Ladies Tobacco

(synonym: Gnaphalium claifornicum DC.)

LACo.: From _40 ft. (256 m.), at San Gabriel Cyn., El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, w. bank of river, R.G. Swinney, May 30, 200_, to 4398 ft.

(1341 m.), at Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, n.e. of Punchbowl Rd., Sandrock Cr., north of Nature Center, R.G. Swinney, June 18, 2006; Mar.-Aug.; common; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: Feb. 12, 1918, F.W. Peirson, field near foot of Lukens Trail, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 260_ ft. (795 m.), at w. side of Lytle Cr. Cyn. Rd., near Hitching Ranch, 200 meters n. of FS Rd. 2N79, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 25, 1993, to 6399 ft. (1951 m.), between “middle” & W. Fork of Coldwater Cyn., near jnct. of the 2 forks, R.G. Swinney, Aug 25, 1997; Apr.-Aug.; common; cismontane

FVS: Aug. 25, 1918

Pseudognaphalium canescens (DC.) W. A. Weber, Wright’s Cudweed, Everlasting

(synonyms: Gnaphalium canescens DC. and Pseudognaphallium canescens (DC.) W.A. Weber ssp. canescens and Gnaphalium canescens DC. ssp. canescens,

LACo.: Paul Neipp, w. of San Dimas Ranger Station on San Dimas Cyn. Road, May 5, 1994

SBCo.: Ball Flat, Aug. 7, 1996, 6150-6200 ft. (1875-1890 m.); 0.6 mi. w. of Cajon Jct., Apr 29, 1995, 3210 ft. (979 m.); Stoddard Flat, July 25, 1995, 54450-4480 ft. (1357-1365 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: July 25, 1995

Pseudognaphalium leucocephalum (A. Gray) Anderb., White-rabbit Tobacco, White Cudweed

[synonym: Gnaphalium leucocephalum (A. Gray) Anderb]

LACo.: Elizabeth Day Palmer, Arroyo Seco, Aug. 15, 1908, no elev. given (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: No records found.

Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum (L.) Hilliard & B.L. Burtt, Common Cudweed, Jersey Cudweed

[synonym: Gnaphalium luteoalbum L.)

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: From 541 ft. (165 m.), at mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., between Foothill Blvd. & I-210 Fwy., from main river channerl to 300 m. east, R.G. Swinney, Dec. 2, 2008, to 5600ft. (1707 m.), w. of Mt. Islip: just above e. boundary of San Gabriel Wilderness, c. 4 mi. closed section of Hwy. 39, from c. 1.6 miles w. of jct. of Crystal Lake access rd. to junction Hwy. 2, S.D. White & Dave Bramlet, June 29, 1998; Mar.-Aug., Oct.-Dec.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: Aug. 28, 1946, L.C. Wheeler, Caldwell Lake, 5146 ft. (1569 m.)

SBCo.: s.w. of mouth of Lytle Cr. Cyn., 4.8-5.0 mi. w. of Lytle Cr. Rd. at Nealy’s Corner, Mar. 15, 1993, 1801 ft. (549 m.); Glen Helen Regional Park, marsh to the w. of fishing lakes, Nov. 7, 2008, 2001 ft. (610 m.)

Other records:

James Henrickson, 12 air mi. n.w. of San Bernardino in lower Lytle Cr. Wash, c. 2-4 mi. n. of I-15 Frwy.; L.C. Wheeler, Dustin Spring, head of E. Etiwanda Cyn., July 11, 1968, 5400 ft. (1645 m.)

FVS: July 11, 1968

Pseudognaphallium microcephalium (Nutt.) Anderb., White Everlasting, Wright’s Cudweed

[synonyms: Gnaphalium canescens DC. ssp. microcephalium (Nutt.) Stebbins & Keil and Gnaphalium microcephalum Nutt. and P. canescens DC. ssp. microcephalum (Nutt.) Stebbens & Keil]

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 840 ft. (256 m.), at 1.4 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., s. side of road at spring, 0.5 miles e. of San Gabriel Cyn. Inf. Station on Hwy. 39,

R.G. Swinney, Dec. 6, 2008, to 2801 ft. (854 m.), at San Antonio Cyn., along Mt. Baldy Rd. between Spruce Cyn. & “Hog Back”, Michael Honer, June 22, 2004; Mar., May, June, Sep., Dec.; rare-uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Jan. 26, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Rubio Cyn., 1797 ft. (548 m..)

SBCo.: lower Cajon Wash, Sep. 28, 1991, 2220 ft. (677 m.); Middle Fk. Lytle Creek, near Stone House Crossing, Sep. 26, 1992, 4600 ft. (1402 m.)

Other records:

Mark A Elvin & K. VinZant, s. face of Cucamonga Pk. along 1N34, just w. of Day Cr., Aug 25, 2006, 5740 ft. (1750 m.); R.F. Thorne & Selwyn Everist, Cienaga near Coldwater Fork of Lytle Cr., July 31, 1971, 7000 ft. (2133 m.); A.R. Roos, Lytle Creek Cyn., Nov. 8, 1922, 8000 ft. (2439 m.)

FVS: Nov. 8, 1922

Pseudognaphalium stramineum (Kunth.) Anderb., Cottonbatting Plant

(synonyms: Gnaphalium chilense Speng and G. chilense var. confertifolium Greene; and Gnaphalum stramineum Kunth)

LACo.: From 554 ft. (169 m.), at Azusa/Irwindale, between the I-210 Fwy. & Foothill Blvd. on w. side of San Gabriel River Channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 7, 2009, to 7200 ft. (2195 m.) at headwaters of Devils Cyn. , on s. side of Mt. Waterman, L.C. Wheeler, Aug. 9, 1967; Mar.-June, Aug.-Oct.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: Sep. 1, 1904 , G.R. Hall, Swartout Cyn., 6996 ft. (2133 m.)

SBCo.: Lost Lake, Lone Pine Canyon., Oct. 19, 1991, 2781 (848 m.); Icehouse Cyn., c. 1 mile e. of parking lot, July 22, 1994, 1495 ft. (1805 m.); Clyde Ranch, Lone Pine Canyon, Aug. 25, 1994, 4920 ft. (1500 m.); Stoddard Flat, July 25, 1995, 4451 ft. (1357 m.); Cajon Wash & Lone Pine Canyon junction, Aug. 12, 1996, 2640 ft. (805 m.); Cajon Wash, c. 2.9 miles s.e. of Lone Pine llRd. & Hwy. 138, June 21, 1995, 2916 ft. (889 m.); Baldy Mesa, May 29, 1995, 3601 ft. (1098 m.); unnamed trib. of Cajon Wash, 2.7 miles n. of Devore Road., Aug. 2, 1993, 2598 ft. (792 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne & C. W. Tilforth, 4 mi. ENE of Wrightwood (air miles), June 21, 1978, 4556 ft. (1389 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Meyer Cyn., off Lytle Cr., May 9,1968, 2300 ft. (701 m.)

FVS: May 9, 1968

Pseudognaphallium thermali (E.E. Nelson) G.L. Nesom, Wright’s Cudweed

[synonyms: Gnaphalium canescens DC. ssp. thermale (E.E. Nelson) Stebbins Keil and

Pseudognaphallium canescens (DC.) W.A. Weber ssp. thermale (E.E. Nelson) Kertesz,

LACo.: Ball Flat, Sep. 6, 1997, (6150 ft. 1875 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, s.w. side of Mt. Waterman, Aug. 24, 1967, 6700 ft. (2042 m.);

I.M. Jojhnston, N. Fk. San Antonio Cyn., dry ground under pines, July 28, 1917, 7495 ft. (2285 m.)

FVS: July 28, 1917

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne & Selwyn Everist, cienaga near Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Cr., July 31, 1971, 7000 ft. (2133 m.); I.M. Johnston, Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Cr., Aug. 21, 1917, 7000 ft. (2134 m.)

FVS: Aug. 21, 1917

Psilocarphus tenellus Nutt., Slender Woollyheads or Woollly-marbles

(synonym: P. tenellus var. tenellus)

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, e. side of Little Tujunga Cyn., 0.75 miles SSE of Herreres Ranch, May 4, 1969, 1801 ft. (549 m.); L.C. Wheeler, near mouth, e. side Little Tujunga near BM 1227, May 6, 1973, 1300 ft. (396 m.); Gary Kovnat & LeRoy Gross, Gold Cr. Ecological Preserve, S. Terrace W. Meadow Ecotone, Feb. 16, 2003, no elev. given. L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., May 18, 1967, 1948 ft.

(594 m.)

FVS: May 18, 1967

SBCo.: No records found.

Rafinesquia californica Nutt., California Chicory, California Plumeseed

LACo.: From 899 ft. (274 m.), Fish Cyn., R.F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, May 22, 1971, to 4540 ft. (1384 m.), at Pine Mt. n. of Azusa, R.G. Swinney, June 19, 2000; Apr.-July; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: June 4, 1918, F.W. Peirson, foothills e. of Rubio Cyn., (San Gab. Mts. near Altadena), 1998 ft. (609 m.)

SBCo.: Wolfskill Cyn. Falls, SDEF,with Dave Larson, May 15, 1999, 2001 ft. (610 m.); ridgetop n.w. of Grande Cielo Buffalo Ranch, c. 1 mi. w. of Cajon Wash, s. of Swarthout Cyn. Road, June 1, 1996, 3759 ft. (1146 m.); Pine Mt., n. of Azusa, June 19, 2000, 4540 ft. (1384 m.); Carr Cyn., 0.3 miles s.e. of Mt. Emma Rd. crossing, May 5, 2009, 3119 ft. (951 m.); Lower Monroe Cyn., SDEF, Apr. 30, 2008, 2785 ft. (549 m.); Punchbowl Cyn. at n. boundary of Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, confl. of east & west forks of Punchboowl Cyn., 0.3 miles s. of Big Rock Cr., May 5, 2008, 4120 ft. (1256 m.); Ralston Pk. Cajon Pass area, w. of I-215 in Cajon Wash, s. of Hwy. 138, e. of Lone Pine Cyn. Road, Jully 8, 1995, 4540 ft. (1384 m.); Frankish Pk., north of Upland, on summit, June 8, 1996, 4149 ft.

(1265 m.); May-July; 3759-4540 ft. (1146-1384 m)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, n.w. end of Muscupiabe, Glen Helen Regional Park, May 9, 1968, 2040 ft. (622 m.); R.F. Thorne, et. al., Grape Vine Springs, July 7, 1971, 4100 ft. (1250 m.); T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, un-named tributary draining ENE to Lone Pine Cyn., June 18, 1990, 3380-3480 ft. (1030 -1141 m.); Gerad L. Benny & Colin M. Wainwright, Day Cyn., May 24, 1961, 3096 ft. (944 m.)

FVS: May 24, 1961

Ratibida columnifera (Nutt.) Wooti & Standl., Upright Prairie Coneflower

[Ratibida columnaris (Pursh) D. Don var. pulcherirma (DC.) D.J.N. Hind]

Native to N. American prairies, British Columbia to Ontario, s. to Arizona, LA, n. Mexico.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Wright Lake, Wrightwood, Oct. 30, 2008, 6040 ft. (1841 m.)

Other records: None found.

Rigiopappus leptocladus A. Gray, Wireweed

LACo.: Mr. Gaines, Chilao Flats, May 10, 1940, no elev. given.

SBCo.: No records given.

Rudbeckia hirta L. var. pulcherrima Farw., Blackeyed Susan

Native in c. US.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: 100 m. n. of jnct. of San Antonio Falls Rd. & Mt. Baldy Rd., Aug. 23, 1994, 6000 ft. (1829 m.); Wright Lake, Aug. 12, 1996, 6040 ft. (1841 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Aug. 12, 1996

Santolina chamaecyparissus L., Lavender Cotton

Native to Europe.

LACo.: Kelly & David Middleton, Glendora Ridge Rd., 5.7 miles w. of Mt. Baldy Road jct., May 8, 1988, 4000 ft. (1200 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

+Senecio astephanus Greene, San Gabriel Ragwort

Status: CRPR 4.3 S3 G3

LACo.: Robert F. Thorne, Cortelyou Spring, July 2, 1969, 6796 ft. (2072 m.);

Samuel R. Tyson, w. end of 4100 ft. down to saddle of rd., San Dimas Experimental Forest, June 20 1944; F.W. Peirce, Lukens Pk. Trail, July 3, 1919, 2497 ft. (761 m.); Frank W. Peirson, near Inspiration Point (on Mt. Lowe), June 10, 1920, 4497 ft. (1371 m.); Anstruther Davidson, Mt. Wilson Trail, June 18, 1896, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, upper part of Mt. Wilson Trail (now Toll Rd.), no date, no elev. given

FVS: June, 18, 1896

SBCo.: Lower Lytle Cr. Divide, 2.8 mi. s.e. of Lytle Cr. Rd. & Applewhite Rd. jnct., on FS Road 3N31, June 17, 1995, 3600 ft. (1098 m.)

Other records: None found.

+Senecio californicus DC., California Ragwort

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, 3 miles NNE of Claremont, May 1, 1932, 1800 ft. (549 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Cobal Cyn., May 13, 1933, 1600 ft. (488 m.); F.W. Peirson, Big Tujunga Cyn., Mar. 30, 1919, 1348 ft. (411 m.); Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, So. Calif. transmission line corridor (Seg. 6, str. 73 per TRTP Survey 2008, W. Fork of San Gabriel River, Shortcut Cyn., May 15, 2008, 3936 ft.

(1200 m.); I.M. Johnson, above Claremont, Mar. 29, 1917, no elev. given

FVS: Mar. 29, 1917

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Muscupiabe Hills between Lytle Wash & Cajon Wash, summit, s. end of w. north-south ridge, Mar. 6, 1968, 2300 ft. (701 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Meyer Cyn., off Lytle Cr., May 9, 1968, 2300 ft. (701 m.); I.W. Clokey & E.G. Anderson, w. of Cajon Pass, May 15, 1935, 3444 ft. (1050 m.); Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, May 16, 1903, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 16, 1903

Senecio flaccidus Less., Threadleaf Ragwort

LACo.: R.D. Goeden & J. Teernik, above Grandview Cyn., on Big Pines Hwy., July 16, 1996, 5773 ft. (1760 m.) (may not yet be det. to subspecific level)

SBCo.: Pilnon Hills, 1.2 miles s. of Hwy. 138, at Scrub Oak Rd., 1.8 miles w. of jct. of Hwy. 138 & Sheep Cr. Road, June 29, 1995, 4622 ft. (1409 m.)

Other records:

Adrian Wolf, Alluvial slope s. of mts., north of Hwy. 30 & just off Day Cr., Etiwanda Wash, May 9, 1997, 1670 ft. (518 m

FVS: June 29, 1995

Senecio flaccidus Less. var. douglasii (DC.) B.L. Turner & T.M. Barkley, Douglas’ Threadleaf Ragwort, Bush Senecio, Shrubby Butterweed

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

Fairly common throughout in dry areas

LACo.: From 580 ft. (177 m.) in lower San Gabriel Cyn. Wash at jct. with Foothill Blvd., V.V. Giles, July 5, 1936, to 7396 ft. (2255 m.) along Angeles Crest Hwy near jnct. with rd. to Blue Ridge Camp, R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, Aug. 29, 1966; Jan.-Mar., May-Aug., Oct., Dec.; common; all 3 sections

FVS: May, 1892, Anstruther Davidson, Millard Cyn.

SBCo.: From 1699 ft. (518 m.), n. of Hwy 30 & just e. of Day Cr., Etiwanda Wash, Adrian Wolf, May 9, 1997, to 4067 ft. (1524 m.) in San Antonio Cyn., Lyman Benson, Nov 23, 1944; all year; fairly common; transmontane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: July 13, 1902, L.R. Abrams, Lytle Creek Cyn., 4000 ft. (1220 m.)

Senecio flaccidus Less var. monoensis (Greene) B.L. Turner & T.M. Barkely, Smooth Threadleaf Ragwort

LACo.: June Latting, Bob’s Gap & Valyermo Rd., Oct. 6, 1976, 4100 ft.

(1250 m.); T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, Big Rock Spring, imm. vicinity of Big Rock Cr., where crossed by Big Pines Hwy. (Valyermo Rd.), May 29, 1990, 3880-3920 ft. (1183 m.); I.M. Johnston, Prairie Fk., San Antonio Mts., Aug. 23, 1917, 4995 ft. (1523 m.); T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., Upper Big Tujunga Cyn. (c. 0.9-1.4 air- miles ENE of Barley Flats), June 8, 1990, 4198-4799 ft. (1280-1463 m.)

FVS: Aug. 23, 1917

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, side cyn. west of Cajon Cyn., near Ralston Pk., Sep. 6, 1968, 3100 ft. (945 m.); Joseph A. Ewan, near Devore, Cajon Pass, Oct. 17, 1930, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Oct. 17, 1930

Senecio triangularis Hook., Arrowleaf Ragwort

LACo.: Government Cyn., w. of Wrightwood, July 22, 1997, 6800-7200 ft. (2073-2195 m.); Columbine Spring, n. slope of Pine Mt. Ridge, July 14, 1998,

7200 ft. (2195 m.)

Other records:

I.M. Johnson, Fork of San Gabriel River, July 6, 1918, 7000 ft. (2133 m.);

F.W. Peirson, Praire Fork of San Gabriel River, July 17, 1921, 7000 ft. (2134 m.);

I.M. Johnston, Praire Fork of San Gabriel River, Aug. 22, 1917, 6996 ft.

(2133 m.); Zona, et. al.Mt. High Ski Resort, n. slopes of SG Mts., June 21, 1989,

6620-8160 ft. (2018-2487 m.)

FVS: Aug. 22, 1917

SBCo.: No records found.

Senecio vulgaris L., Common Groundsel, Old-man-in-the-spring

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: From 540 ft. (165 m.) between I-210 Frwy. & Foothill Blvd, in San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, R.G. Swinney, Dec. 2, 2008, to 3998 ft. (1219 m.), at Opids Camp, West Fk. San Gabriel River, F.W. Peirson, Oct. 21, 1918; Feb.-June, Sep., Oct., Dec.; uncommon, mostly in disturbed areas; cismontane

FVS: June 1, 1906, Anstruther Davidson, San Gab. Mt. region

SBCo.: E. Fork of San Sevaine Cyn., 100 m. downstdream of 1st. major waterfall, c. 1 mi. due s. of Grapevine Spring, Apr. 4, 1997, 2650 ft. (808 m.); Glen Helen Regional Park, 0.5 mi. w. of Glen Helen Rd. at Forest Service Rd. 3N31, 2201 ft. (671 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Meyer Cyn., off Lytle Creek, Mar. 6, 1968, 2300 ft. (701 m.);

H. Tuma et. al., Old Cajon Pass Rd., 5.7 mi. s. of Old I-15, Apr. 25, 1982;

L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. Village, Lytle Creek, July 13, 1967, 3500 ft. (1066 m.)

FVS: July 13, 1967

Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn., Blessed Milkthistle

Native to Medit.

LACo.: From 699 ft. (213 m.), at Azusa, San Gabriel Cyn. wash, 0.1-0.5 mile w. of San Gabriel River Bike Path parking lot, at Azusa Cyn. Rd. (Hwy. 39), c. 0.6 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., R.G. Swinney, Apr. 17, 2009, to 2400 ft. (731 m.), Foster Ranch, Sycamore Cyn., s. slope Johnstone Pk., L.C. Wheeler, July 2, 1968; Mar.-May, July, Aug.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Mar. 21, 1968, L.C. Wheeler, Brown School for Girls, vic. of stables (Glendora, Church of the Open Door, west trib. to Hook Cyn.-added 2012),

1099 ft. (335 m.)

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Muscupiabe, 1/4 mile s. of Glen Helen Park, Oct. 12, 1969, no elev. given; D.A. Young, n. end of Haven Ave., n. of Chaffey College in Deer Cyn., May 25, 1969, no elev. given; J.A. Adams, Lytle Cr. Rd., 0.25 mi. below Glenn Ranch, June 12, 1965, 4999 ft. (1524 m.)

FVS: June 12, 1965

+Solidago confinis A. Gray, Southern Goldenrod, Nevada Goldenrod

(synonym:s S. confinis A. Gray and S. spectabilis (D.C. Eaton) A. Gray var. confinis (A. Gray) Cronquist,

Rare throughout, confined to permanent seeps, springs, sag ponds, etc., normally well -developed grey-dark soil. All CPC records listed below:

LACo.: From 840 ft. (256 m.), at San Gabriel River Cyn., spring at 1.5 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave. on Hwy. 39, R.G. Swinney, Nov. 29, 2008, to Government Cyn., w. of Wrightwood, 0.75 miles w. of co. line, at Hwy. 2, Blue Ridge Mt. Area, R.G. Swinney, July 22, 1997; July-Nov., uncommon; all 3 areas

FVS: Mar. 10, 1898, H.P.C., Claremont

SBCo.: 1 mi. e. of Lone Pine Cyn. Rd. on Swarthout Cyn. Road, 200 m. s. of rd., Oct. 22, 1991, 2960 ft. (912 m.); Confluence of Lone Pine Cyn. & Cajon Wash, Nov. 14, 1992, 2640 ft. (805 m.); Clyde Ranch, Lone Pine Cyn., Aug. 23, 1994, 4920 ft. (1500 m.); Alpine Cyn., Aug. 21, 1996, 7600 ft. (2317 m.); Bear Flats, July 25, 1996, 5600 ft. (1707 m.); Lower Lytle Cr. Ridge, Cajon Wash tributary, wash s. of Grande Cielo Buffalo Ranch, w. side of Cajon Wash, June 22, 1995, 3200 ft. (976 m.); Middle Branch of W. Fk. Lytle Cr., Aug. 19, 1996, 7280 ft. (2220 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, foot of Holiday Hill Ski Lift, Sep. 17, 1967, 6550 ft. (1997 m.); Eugene Cardiff, Lytle Cr. Cyn., Aug. 30 1950, 3001 ft. (915 m.); L.C. Wheeler, N. Fk. Lytle Cr., Sep 6, 1967, 7000 ft. (2133 m.); Peter M. Ray, vic. Mt. San Antonio (Colujmbine Splring, Upper Teahouse Cyn., San Gab. Mts.), Sep. 14, 1949,

7196 ft. (2194 m.); I. M. Johnston, Coldwater Fk., Lytle Cr., Aug. 21, 1917,

6996 ft. (2133 m.)

FVS: Aug. 21, 1917

Solidago velutina DC., ssp. californica (Nutt.) Semple, Velvety Goldenrod, Threenerve Goldenrod

(synonym: S. californica Nutt.)

LACo.: From 1401 ft. (427 m.) in Big Dalton Cyn. at 1 mi. e. of Glendora Mt. Rd., R.G. Swinney, May 20, 1989, to 9118 ft. (2780 m.), at Throop Pk., w. of Mt. Baden-Powel, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 27, 2001; Mar.-Oct.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: Sep. 1, 1913, Geo. L. Moxley,summit of Mt. Wilson

SBCo.: From 2401 ft. (732 m.) at meadow in Cucamonga, c. 0.5 mi. s.e. of mouth of Day Cyn., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 25, 1994, to 7560 ft. (2305 m.) at Baldy Bowl area, s. of Mt. Baldy E. Pk., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 22, 1995; June-Oct.; uncommon-fairly common; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Aug. 21, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Coldwater Fk. Lytle Cr., 7000 ft. (2134 m.)

Sonchus asper (L.) Hill, Prickly or Spiny Sowthistle

[synonyms: S. asper ssp. asper and S. asper ssp. glaucescens (Jord.) J. Ball and S. nymanii Tineo & Guss]

Native to Europe. Much like S. oleraceus L.

LACo.: From 659 ft. (201 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 1 mile n. of Foothill Blvd., R.G. Swinney, Dec. 4, 2008, to 6600 ft. (2012 m.), at Little Fish Fk., Fish Fk. Camp, L.C. Wheeler, June 27, 1970; Apr.-Aug., Oct.-Dec.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: Nov. 18, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, Middle Fk., Mill Cr., off Big Tujunga, 3500 ft. (1067 m.)

SBCo.: Wright Lake, Aug. 12, 1996, 6040 ft. (1841 m.); Controversy Spring, upper Cajon Cnyn., Oct. 8k, 1993, 4600 ft. (1402 m.); Lost Lake, Oct. 19, 1991, 2780 ft. (848 m.); Lone Pine Cnyn., 0.5 m,. w. of Clyde Ranch., June 22, 1993, 5080 ft. (1549 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. Village, July 13, 1967, 3500 ft. (1066 m.); L.T. Street, Lytle Cr. Cyn., May 30, 1918, no elev. given

FVS: May 30, 1918

Sonchus oleraceus L., Common Sowthistle

Native to Europe. Much like S. asper (L..) Hill

LACo.: From 800 ft. (244 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 0.5 mi. upstream from entrance of old San Gabriel Cyn. Rd. at El Encanto (El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park-added 2011), R.G. Swinney, Oct. 22, 2008, to

5320 ft. (1622 m.), at Prairie Fk. near Cabin Flats Cmpgrd., R.G. Swinney, July 10, 1998; Apr.-Nov.; common; all 3 sections

FVS: May 15, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, Elsmere Cyn., bottom of cyn., near mouth, 1424 ft. (434 m.)

SBCo.: Fairly common throughout from 2000 ft. (609 m.) at Glen Helen Regional Park, R.G. Swinney, Nov. 7, 2008, to 6040 ft. (1841 m.), at Wrightwood Country Club (Twin Lakes), R.G. Swinney, Oct. 16, 2008; Apr.-Oct.; uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: July 23, 1925, I.M. Johnston & Colin M. Wainwright, on the scramble around 3rd. falls (?), (Cucamonga Cyn. ?-added 2009), 3496 ft. (1066 m.)

Stebbinsoseris heterocarpa (Nutt.) K.L. Chambers, Grassland Silverpuffs

[synonym: Microseris heterocarpa (Nutt.) K.L. Chambers] Derived from Microseris douglassii x Uropappus lindleyi.

LACo.: Samuel R. Tyson, San Dimas Cyn., Sycamore Flat, May 8, 1942,

2000 ft. (610 m.); S.B. Parish, near San Dimas, slopes of Lone Hill, Apr. 19, 1919

(possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary); P.A. Munz, dry slopes, San Dimas, May 15, 1922, 1200 ft. (365 m.)

FVS: Apr. 19, 1919

SBCo.: No records found.

+Stephanomeria cichoriacea A. Gray, Silver Rock-lettuce, Chicoryleaf Wirelettuce

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.) in the San Gabriel Cyn. Wash between Foothill Blvd. & San Gabriel Valley Gun Club (mouth of Fish Cyn.), S.D. White & Pam DeVries, no date given, to 6731 ft. (2052 m.) at Antonio Pk. (Lookout Mt..), R.G. Swinney, Aug. 19, 1997; May-Nov.; uncommon in rocky outcrops in dry areas; cismontane

FVS: Aug. 2, 1903, C.F. Baker, near Claremont, San Antonio Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: From 5960 ft. (1817 m.) at San Sevaine Flats, well, R.G. Swinney, July 21, 1993, to 7000 ft. (2134 m.) near San Antonio Falls, Ron Scogins, Sep. 16, 1975; July-Oct.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: Aug., 1881, S.B. Parish & W.F. Parish, Cucamonga Mt., no elev. given

Stephanomeria diegensis Gottlieb, San Diego (Wreathplant) Wire Lettuce

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.; derived from hybridization between S. virgata and S. exigua.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Controversy Springs, upper Cajon Cyn., Oct. 8, 1993, 4600 ft.,

(1402 m.)

Other records: None found.

Stephanomeria exigua Nutt., White-plume, Wirelettuce

LACo.: Largo Vista area, c. 0.5 mi. e. of Largo Vista Rd. at 3.56 mi. s. of Hwy. 138, May 18, 2001, 4210 ft. (1284 m.); E. Fork Puzzle Cyn., at 2800 Deep Cr. Cyn. Road, June 28, 1999, 4600 ft. (1402 m.); Juniper Hills 0.4 miles s. of jct. of Longview Rd. & Tumbleweed Rd. at Mike Booth Property, July 21, 2005, 3988 ft. (1216 m.); Big John Flats, n. of Ball Flats, s. base of Big John Pk., Oct. 7, 2008, 5320 ft. (1622 m.); Ball Flat, n. of Jackson Lake, Oct. 8, 2008, 6160 ft.

(1878 m.); Table Mt. West, n. of Big Pines, Oct. 8, 2008, 7492 lft. (2284 m.)

Other records:

Frank W. Peirson & P.A. Munz, Blue Ridge, Aug. 31, 1923, 8295 ft. (2529 m.);

I.M. Johnston, Prairie Fk., San Gabriel River, Aug 24, 1917, 5996 ft. (1828 m.);

P.A. Munz, ridge s. of Swarthout Valley, Aug 31, 1923, 8446 ft. (2575 m.);

June Latting, Bob’s Gap and Valyermo Rd., Oct. 6, 1976, 4100 ft. (1250 m.);

Geo. R. Hall, Swarthout Cyn., Sep., 1914, 6996 ft. (2133 m.

FVS: Sep., 1914

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, E. of Oak Spring Cyn., ridge imm. s. of Desert Fronage Rd., June 29, 1995, 5480-6120 ft. (1671-1866 m.); Circle Mt. Summit, July 9, 1996, 6840 ft. (2085 m.)

Other records:

Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, Oct. 10, 1923; R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, Lower Lone Pine Cyn. near jnct. to Cajon Jct., June 26, 1969, 3690 ft. (1125 m.)

FVS: Oct. 10, 1923

Stephanomeria exigua Nutt. ssp. coronaria (Greene) Gottlieb, Whiteplume Wirelettuce

LACo.: From 1400 ft. (426 m.), at shallow water at mouth of Big Tujunga Cyn., R.F. Thorne, June 26, 1971, to 8446 ft. (2575 m.), at ridge s. of Swarthout Valley, P.A. Munz, Aug. 31, 1923; June-Sep.; Uncommon; transmontane, montane

FVS: Sep. 1904, Geo. R. Hall, Swartout Cyn.

SBCo.: Circle Mt., n. Pk., s.e. of Wrightwood, July 9, 1996, 6840 ft. (2085 m.)

Other records:

Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, Oct. 10, 1923, no elev. given

FVS: Oct. 10, 1923

Stephanomeria exigua Nutt. ssp. deanei (J.F. Macbr.) Gottlieb, Deane’s Wirelettuce

LACo.: N.R. Shaw, Claremont, June 19, 1900, no elev. given (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, San Bernardino Mts. region (the L.A. Co. portion of the San Gab. Mts. was also called the San Bernardinio Mts. at this time, possibly e. of San Gab. Mts. boundary), Aug. 19, 1924, no elev. given; Margaret Hardinge, Cajon Pass, near Devore, Oct. 8, 1945, no elev. given

FVS: Aug. 19, 1924 or Oct. 8, 1945 (see above description)

Stephanomeria exigua Nutt. ssp. exigua, Small Wirelettuce

LACo.: T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, Granite Mt.: NNE slope, July 24, 1991,

6240 ft. (1902 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, c. 1 mi. down Aliso Cyn. Road, from jct. with Angeles Forest Rd., June 29, 1971, 3700 ft. (1128 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, Soledad Cyn.: c. 1.5 miles e. of jct. of Aliso Cr. Wash & Santa Clara River, June 29, 1971, 2900 ft. (884 m.); F.W. Peirson, Blue Ridge, near Swarthout Valley, Aug. 31, 1923, no elev. given

FVS: Aug. 31, 1923

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, e. of Oak Springs. Cyn., ridge imm. south of Desert Front Rd., June 29, 1995

Other records:

P.A. Munz, Blue Ridge, Swarthout Valley, Aug. 31, 1923, 8450 ft.

(2576 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, Lone Pine Cyn., near jct. of rd., Cajon Jct., June 26, 1969, no elev. given; LeRoy Abrams, Lytle Cr. Cyn., July 15, 1902, 3496 ft. (1066 m.)

FVS: July 15, 1902

Stephanomeria parryi A. Gray, Parry’s Wirelettuce

LACo.: Boneyard Pk., May 8. 1999, 5113 ft. (1559 m.); Largo Vista Area, 0.5 miles e. of Largo Vista Rd., 3.5 mi. s. of Hwy 138, May 18, 201, 4210 ft.

(1284 m.); with Vanessa Merritt, s.w. of Pinon Hills, 0.2 miles due e. of Mescal Cyn. Reservoir, mouth of Mescal Cyn., June 12, 1998, 4750 ft. (1448 m.); lower Sandrock Cr., 0.8 miles SSW. of Valyermo Post Office at Valyermo Rd., June 9, 2008, 3880 ft. (1183 m.); Alimony Ridge, jct. of Alimony Ridge & Alimony Ridge Rd., and to ½ mile upl ridge, May 12, 2009, 4707 ft. (1435 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, 1/4-1/2 miles n. of Bob’s Gap, n. slope of Holcomb Ridge, c. 2.5 mi. due s. of LLano, May 11, 1973, 3800 ft. (1159 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Alimony Ridge, at head of Brainard Cyn., May 27, 1968, 4600 ft. (1402 m.); Samuel B. Parish, Rock Cr., Mojave Desert, June, 1888, no elev. given (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: June, 1888

SBCo.: s. of Pinon Hills, c. 0.75 mi. n.w. of Oak Spring Ranch, June 13, 1997, 5360 ft. (1634 m.)

Other records: None found.

Stephanomeria pauciflora (Torr.) A. Nelson, Brownplume Wirelettuce

[synonyms: Lygodesmia pauciflora (Torr.) Shinners and S. pauciflora var. parishii (Jeps.) Munz] and S. pauciflora var. pauciflora]

LACo.: From 1050 ft. (320 m.), at Big Tujunga Wash; w. of Sunland, s.w. of I-210 Frwy., e. of Hansen Dam, and n. of Wentworth St., Scott D. White & Pam DeVries, Nov. 20-21, 1997, to 7380 ft. (2250 m.), at dry lake at Blue Ridge, s.w. of Wrightwood & 0.4 miles e. of jct. of Hwy. 2 and FS Road 3N06/ Blue Ridge Rd., R.G. Swinney, Sep. 4, 2008; June-Nov., uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: July 28, 1917, I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Cyn., 5497 ft. (1676 m.)

SBCo.: n.E. of Lytle Cr., jnct. of 3N06 & 3N33, Nov 2, 1991, 5200 ft. (1585 m.);

Heath Cyn., Aug 15, 1994, 6200 ft. (1890 m.), Cajon Cyn., s.w. of Hwy 138 & I- 15 E., Aug. 31, 1993, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta, Horse Cyn./Circle Mt. Rehab Project, July 18, 1994, 5800 ft. (1768 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Middle Fk. Lytle Cr., Oct. 12, 1975, 4400 ft.

(1341 m.); Matt Bogdanoff , Mt. Baldy Rd., burn area, Aug 23, 1989; c. 2 mi. NNW of Cajon Jnct., Nov 13, 1994, 3600 ft. (1098 m.); ); I.M. Johnston , San Antonio Cyn. Wash, July 23, 1918, 1197 ft. (365 m.); F.W. Peirson, Lytle Cr., Sep. 15, 1920, 5996 ft. (1828 m.); L.R. Abrams, Lytle Cr. Cyn., July 13, 1919, 4000 ft. (1220 m.); Joseph Adorfer & Ewan, Lone Pine Cyn. Aug. 2, 1934,

(1523 m.); L.C. Wheeler, N. Fork Lytle Cr. & Alpine Cyn., Oct. 12, 1975, 6600 ft. (2011 m.); I.M. Johnston , N. Fork Lytle Cr., Aug 24, 1917; P.A. Munz, Sheep Cr., Sep 1, 1923, 4500 ft. (1372 m.); A.R. Abrams, Lytle Creek Cyn., July 13, 1902,

4000 ft. (1220 m.)

FVS: July 13, 1902

Stephanomeria virgata Benth., Rod Wirelettuce

Common in dry, open, often disturbed areas

LACo.: From 669 ft. (204 m.), at Van Tassel Cyn., 1.45 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. at El Encanto Dr. on Fish Cyn. Rd., R.G. Swinney, Nov. 30, 2008, to 7501 ft.

(2287 m.), n.w. of Wrightwood, e. end of Jackson Flat, R.G. Swinney, Sep. l4, 1998; Feb., July-Nov.; fairly common in disturbed areas and after fires; transmontane at Big Rock Cr. & Sulpher Spring Cmpgrd., montane, cismontane

FVS: June 16, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, Sunset Ridge by Millard Cyn., n. of Coulter Res., 2100 ft. (640 m.)

SBCo.: From 2221 ft. (677 m.) at Cajon Wash, w. of the I-215 Devore Height offramp, R.G. Swinney, Sep. 28, 1991, to 6839 ft. (2085 m.) at Circle Mt. Summit, R.G. Swinney, July 9, 1996; June-Nov.; fairly common in dry, open, often disturbed areas; near transmontane at Controversy Spring, montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Oct. 10, 1923, Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Stephanomeria virgata Benth. ssp. pleurocarpa, (Greene) Gottlieb, Twiggy Wreath Plant, Wand Wirelettuce

Rare in dry, open cismontane areas.

LACo.: Valerie Soza & Laura Moore, Claremont, Bernard Field Station, n.w. corner of Mills Ave. & Foothill Blvd., Aug. 16, 1997, 1348 ft. (411 m.) (s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: Sugarloaf Pk. (e. of San Antonio Cyn. & s. of mouth of Icehouse Cyn.-added 2011), July 9, 1996, 6850-6900 ft. (2088-2104 m.)

Other records: None found.

Stephanomeria virgata Benth. ssp.virgata, Rod Wirelettuce

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1050 ft. (320 m.), at Big Tujunga Wash: w. of Sunland, s.w. of I-210 Frwy., e. of Hansen Dam, & n. of Wentworth St., Scott D. White, Pam DeVries, to 7350 ft. (2240 m.), at Pine Mt. Ridge, L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 4, 1967; Feb., July-Sep., Nov.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: Nov. 2, 1918, F.W. Peirson, Henniger Flats, 2847 ft. (868 m.)

SBCo.: From 2349 ft. (716 m.) at foothills e. of San Antonio Dam, Richard Noyes, Oct. 11, 1987, to 4600 ft. (1402 m.) at Controversy Spring, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 8, 1993; June-Nov.; uncommon, transmontane at Controversy Spring, montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Aug. 13, 1966, L.D. Gottlieb, 0.5 miles s. of Applewhite Rd. on Lytle Creek Rd., 3296 ft. (1005 m.)

Stylocline gnaphalioides Nutt., Everlasting Nest Straw, Mountain Neststraw

(synonym: S. gnaphaloides, orth. var.)

LACo.: From 554 ft. (196 m., at Azusa/Irwindale, between the l-l210 Frwy and Foothill Blvd. on w. side of San Gab. River channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 7, 2009 and at Citrus/Irwindale near jct. of Foothill Blvd. & Irwindale Ave. between gravel pit & San Gabriel River channel, L.F. LaPre & T. Mulroy, Apr. 7, 1986 to 5497 ft. (1676 m.), at Crystal Lake, N. Fork San Gabriel River, F.W. Peirson, June 19, 1921; Mar.-June; near transmontane at Aliso Cyn., montane, cismontane

FVS: May 11, 1897, H.P. Chandler, Claremont, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

SBCo.: c. 1 mi. SSW of Cajon Jnct., off Rd. 3N49, Apr. 29, 1995, 3100 ft.

(945 m.); Lytle Cr. Canyon, c. 200 meters n. of FS Road 2N79 at Lytle Cr. Road, Apr. 25, 1993, 2600 ft. (793 m.)

Other records:

B.G. Pitzer, 1.5 mi. NNW of Cajon Summit, May 96, 1995, 4198 ft. (1280 m.); A.C. Sanders, Cajon Summit, between San Gabriel & San Bernardino Mts., May 26, 1986, 4189 ft. (1277 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, Mormon Rock & Cajon Cyn., Apr. 20 1973, 3400 ft. (1036 m.)

FVS: May 29, 1921, F.W. Peirson, Cajon Pass, 3601 ft. (1098 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Stylocline masoni Morefield, Mason’s Nest Straw

Status: CNPS R-E-D Code State/Fed. Status:

CRPR 1B.1 S1.1

LACo.: Tim Ross, Steve Boyd et al., wash 2600 ft. ESE of Acton (Soledad Cyn.) (easterly extension of the Santa Clara River Wash System), Apr. 30, 1991,

2719 ft. (829 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Stylocline psilocarphoides M. Peck, Peck Nest Straw

LACo.: From 2719 ft. (829 m.), at Soledad Cyn. Wash (easterley extension of Santa Clara River Wash System, broad sandy wash, T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd et. al., Apr. 30, 1991, to 4700 ft. (1433 m.) at n. end of Bob’s Gap, Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et al., May 6, 2003; Apr.,May; rare; transmontane

FVS: Apr. 25, 1973, R.F. Thorne & G. Wallace, n. slope of Holcomb Ridge, ¼ mile n. of Bob’s Gap, 3798 ft. (1158 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Symphyotrichum ascendens (Lindl.) G.L. Nesom, Western Aster

(synonyms: Aster ascendens Lindl.) and Aster adscendens Lindl.)

LACo.: Marcus E. Jones, Swartout Valley, Sep. 10, 1924; A.R. Roos, Lytle Cr. Cyn., Nov. 8, 1922, 3000 ft. (915 m.); Antsruther Davidson, Mt. Baldy, July 1, 1911, 9000 ft. (2744 m.)

FVS: July 1, 1911 (no date shown on voucher label, but # 2604 = Jul. 1911 & # 2610 = July 1, 1911, The voucher # for A. Davidson is # 2608)

SBCo: Hulda Crooks, Wrightwood, Twin Lakes, Nov. 1, 1945, edge of lake, 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

+Symphyotrichum defoliatum (Parish) G.L. Nesom, San Bernardino Aster

(synonyms: Aster defoliatus Parish and Aster bernardinus H.M. Hall)

Status:

CRPR 1B.2 S2 G2

LACo.: I.M. Johnston, Prairie Fk. San Gabriel River, Aug. 23, 1917, 4999 ft. (1524 m.)

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn., Sep. 16, 1967, 3401 ft. (1037 m.)

+Symphyotrichum greatae (Parish) G.L. Nesom, Greata’s Aster

(synonym: Aster greatae Parish) Formerly misspelled A. greatai.

CNPS List: 4 R-E-D Code: 1-1-3 State/Fed. Sttus: /C3c

CRPR 1B.3 S2.3 G2 Southern slopes of the San Gab. Mts. only

LACo.: Rare throughout in perennial moist areas.

From 1100 ft. (335 m.), at 1/4 mi. below falls, Fish Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 30, 1932, to 6600 ft. (2012 m.), at Big Cienega Spring, 1.5 air-miles n.e. of Crystal Lake, John F. Emmel, Sep. 1, 1974; Apr.-Nov.; rare; transmontane at Little Rock Cr., montane, cismontane

Locations only:

San Dimas Cyn.; Bear Creek-Cogswell Dam; Little Dalton Cyn. Debris Basin-Glendora; San Gabriel River Cyn.; Upper Arroyo Seco; Clear Cr.-Angeles Forest Hwy.; Upper E. Fork-San Dimas Cyn.-confl. with Fern Cyn.; Laurel Gulch-1.5 air-miles of Big Tujunga Dam; Pole Cr.; Littlerock Cr.- upstream of confl. with Bare Mt. Cyn.; Eaton Cyn.; Evey Cyn.; Camp Baldy; Coldwater Fk. of (Cattle) Cow Cyn.; Upper end of Cyn. N. Fork San Gabriel River-Yucca Flats; Big Cienega-n.e. of Crystal Lake; Lower Pine Flats-N. Fork; W. Fork San Gabriel River; Santa Anita Cyn; Spanish Cyn.-n.e. of Monrovia; Dark Cyn.; Little Bear Cyn.; above Arroyo Seco- W. Fk. Divide; Millies Orchard-lower Colby Ranch-Coldwater Cyn.; Santiago Cyn. drainage-n.e. of Pacifico Mt.; Middle Fk.-Mill Cr.- off Big Tujunga; Fish Cyn; Graveyard Cyn.; s. slope of Mt. Waterman; Rubio Cyn.; Pacoima Cyn.; Charlton Flats; Johnny Cyn.- Angeles Crest Hwy.; Gold Cyn Trail- Tujunga Ranger Dist.; below Dalton Cyn. Dam (Big Dalton Cyn. Dam-added 2011)

FVS: July 1, 1893, A.J. McClatchie, San Gab. Mts., shady cyn.

SBCo.: Lytle Cr., Pollard & Irving, n.e. of jct. on Pollard, Oct. 19, 1994, 3440 ft. (1049 m.) (currently being rre-examined)

Other records: None found.

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (Willd.) G.L. Nesom ssp. hesperium (A. Gray) G.L. Nesom, White Panicle Aster

[synonym: Aster hesperium A. Gray and Aster lanceolatum ssp. hesperium (A. Gray) Semple & Chmiel]

LACo.: San Dimas Exp. Forest, common in stream woodland, SDEF, 1988. (no documented vouchers found.); Frank W. Peirson, Lone Pine Cyn. at Clyde Ranch, Aug. 30, 1923, 4897 ft. (1493 m.)

FVS: Aug. 30, 1923

SBCo.: Lone Pine Canyon at Clyde Ranch, Aug. 25, 1994, 4920 ft. (1500 m.) not all CPC references to voucher # 3243 list the species.

Other records: 2 additional records for Clyde Ranch:

P.A. Munz & F.W. Peirson, both on Aug. 30, 1923;

I.M. Johnston, Camp Baldy, San Antonio Mts., July 4, 1917, 4198 ft. (1280 m.)

FVS: July 4, 1917

Symphyotrichum spathulatum (Lindl.) G.L. Nesom, Western Mountain Aster

(synonyms: Aster occidentalis (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray and A. spathulatum Lindl.]

Variable.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: P.A. Munz, near Cajon Pass, Lone Pine Cyn., Aug. 30, 1923, 4995 ft. (1523 m.)

Symphyotrichum subulatum (Michx.) G.L. Nesom, Eastern Annual Saltmarsh Aster

[synonyms: Aster subulatus Michx. var. ligulatus Shininers and S. subulatum Michx. var. ligulatum (Shinners) S.D. Sundb.]

LACo.: Azusa, San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, 0.1-0.5 miles w. of San Gabriel River bike path parking lot., at Azusa Cyn. Road (Hwy. 39), c. 0.6 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., Apr. 17, 2009, 699 ft. (213 m.); Big Dalton Cyn. Debris Basin, Glendora, Nov. 1, 2008, 1099 ft. (335 m.); Azusa, San Gabriel River channel, 1.2 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., at mouth of Fish Cyn., Nov. 30, 2008, 669 ft. (204 m.); Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 0.8 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., Dec. 2, 2008, 640 ft. (195 m.); San Gabriel Cyn., between Foothill Blvd. and the I-210 Frwy. from main river channel to 300 meters east, Dec. 2, 2008, 541 ft. (165 m.); Glendora, W. Hook Cyn. Debris Basin, Aug. 24, 1989, 1200 ft. (366 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Aug. 24, 1989

SBCo.: No records found.

Syntrichopappus fremontii A. Gray, Yellowray Fremont’s-gold

LACo.: From 2760-2880 ft. (841-878 m.), at 0.6 miles ESE of Acton, s. edge of Soledad Cyn. Wash, T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., Apr. 30, 1991, to 5199 ft. (1585 m.), summit of Mt. Emma, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 28, 2009; Mar.-June; rare to uncommon; transmontane

FVS: May 8, 1926, F.W. Peirson, Rock Creek, abundant along rd. to Los Angeles Co. Playgrount at about 1 mile, 4297 ft. (1310 m.)

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, “Oak Hills” area, 50-100 m. w. of Sunnyslope Rd. and w. of Green Rd., Apr. 3, 1997, 4800 ft. (1463 m.); Baldy Mesa Ridge, 1.8 mi. n.e. of Hwy 138 on FS Road 3N24, 0.6 miles e. of point where rd. crosses ridge, c. 50-150 meters n. of rd., June 10, 1995, 4820 ft. (1470 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: June 10, 1995

+Syntrichopappus lemmonii (A. Gray) A. Gray, Lemmon’s Syntrichopappus, Pinkray Fremont’s-gold

Status: CNPS List: 4 R-E-D Code: 1-1-3 State/Fed. Status: none

CRPR 4.3 S3.3 G3

LACo.: From 3200 ft. (976 m.), at Little Rock Cr.: n. base of San Gab. Mts., F.W. Peirson, May 19, 1921 and Peter Kamb, above Little Rock-desert foothills of San Gab. Mts., May 6, 1948, to 5100 ft. (1555 m.), at summit of Mt. Emma, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 28, 2009; Mar.-June; rare; tramsmontane

FVS: June 5, 1906, Anstruther Davidson & Hasse, Rock Cr.

SBCo.: 10 records from Cajon Pass & Cajon Pass Summit, several others for the e. & n. sides of Cajon summit, collectors include: S. Carlquist; F.W. Peirson; S. Parish; Dale E. Johnson & J.L. Strother; H.M. Hall & H.P. Chandler; Marcus E. Jones; E.C. Jaeger; Pierce; Apr.-May; 3598-4198 ft. (1097-1280 m.); 1906-1974

FVS: Apr. 27, 1906, H.M. Hall & H.P. Chandler, San Bernardino Mts. Region, Cajon Pass, 4200 ft. (1280 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Tagetes palmeri A. Gray, Lemmon’s Marigold

(synonym: Tagetes lemmonii A. Gray and Tagetes alamensis Rydb.)

Not listed in TJM 2012.

LACo.: mouth of Roberts Cyn., c. 100 meters n. of San Gabriel Cyn., June 24, 2008, 699 ft. (213 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Tanacetum parthenium (L.) Sch.-Bip., Feverfew

[synonym: Chrysanthemum parthenium (L.) Bernh.]

Native to Europe.

LACo.: LeRoy Gross & Sarah M. Siedschlag, along Mt. Lukens Rd. (2N76.2) Rd. Survey for the Natl. Forest, June 4, 2007, 2529 ft. (771 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Millard Cyn., between Cyn. Cr. Rd. & Natl. Forest boundary, June 17, 1975, no elev. given

FVS: June 17, 1975

SBCo.: Barrett Village, s. of Baldy Village, w. of jct. of Barrett Cyn. with N. Fork of Barrett Cyn., June 15, 1996, 3801 ft. (1159 m.); Wrightwood, Wright Lake,

Oct. 30, 2008, 6040 ft. (1841 m.)

Other records:

R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, above Baldy Village, San Antonio Cyn., July 2, 1967,

4450 ft. (1356 m.)

FVS: July 2, 1967

Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg., Common Dandelion

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.) in San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, 1 mile n. of Foothill Blvd., Apr. 13. 2009, R.G. Swinney, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.) at E. Table Mt. Summit, R.G. Swinney, July 2, 1998; Apr., May, July, Aug., Oct.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: May 27, 1924, F.W. Peirson, Colby’s Ranch, 3189 ft. (975 m.)

SBCo.: From 2650 ft. (808 m.) at E. Fk. San Sevaine Cyn., R.G. Swinney, Apr. 4, 1997, to 6040ft. (1841 m.) at Wrightwood, Wrightwood Country Club (Twin Lakes), R.G. Swinney, Oct. 16, 2008; Apr., May, July, Oct.; fairly common; montane, cismontane

FVS: Oct. 14, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn., Clyde Ranch, no elev. given

Tetradymia axillaris A. Nelson var. longispina (M.E. Jones) Strother, Longspine Horsebush

LACo.: From 3096 ft. (944 m.) at Little Rock Reservoir, Gordon H. True, Jr., May 17, 1935 and at Carr Cyn., 0.5 to 1.0 mile e. of Litlerock Creek confl., R.G. Swinney, Apr. 29, 2009, 3100 ft. (945 m.), to 5000 ft. (1524 m.) (elev. supplied by author) at Caldwell Lake, L.C. Wheeler, May 31, 1967; Apr.-May; fairly common; transmontane

FVS: May 30,1919, Albert J. Perkins, Big Rock Cr., San Gab. Mts., no elev. given

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, Boneyard Cyn., May 8, 1999, 4800 ft. (1463 m.); Horse Cyn.,n.e. of Wrightwood, June 23, 1994, 4599 ft. (1402 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne & Dick Tilforth, 2 mi. n.e. of Wrightwood, w. of Sheep Cr., June 21, 1978, 5150 ft. (1569 m.); Lyman Benson, 10 mi. n.e. of Cajon (other vouchers of same data say n.w.-added 2009) , San Gab. Mts., Apr 22, 1947, 4600 ft.

(1402 m.)

FVS: Apr. 16, 1947 (16 or 22 ?)

Tetradymia canescens DC., Spineless Horsebrush

In montane coniferous& pinyon-juniper woodland

LACo.: From 3096 ft. (944 m.), s. of Litlerock- Littlerock Reservoir, Gordon H. True, Jr., May 17, 1935, to 9660 ft. (2945 m.), at summit of Pine Mt., I.M. Johnston, Aug. 22, 1911; June-Oct.; uncommon; montane

FVS: Aug. 22, 1911

SBCo.: From 5146 ft. (1569 m.) at c. 2 mi. n.e. of Wrightwood, w. of Sheep Creek, R.G. Thorne & Dick Tilforth, June 21, 1978, to 9660 ft. (2945 m.) Pine Mt. summit, I.M. Johnston, Aug. 22, 1911; June-Nov.; uncommon; transmontane, montane

FVS: July 13, 1902, L.R. Abrams, Coldwater Cyn., San Antonio Mts., no elev. given (also det. as T. comosa)

Tetradymia comosa A. Gray, Hairy Horsebrush

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn., May 6, 1989, 1400-1600 ft. (427-488 m.)

Other records:

Jerome S. Horton, San Dimas Pk. (Bluebird Mtwy.), SDEF, Oct. 14, 1938,

2496 ft. (761 m.); Justin M. Wood, City of San Dimas, Sycamore Cyn., Falcon Ridge Ranch, June 8, 2009, 1351 ft. (412 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Trail Cyn., Tom Lucas Cmpgrd., July 30, 1967, 3100 ft. (944 m.); L.C. Wheeler, near mouth of Bear Cyn. off Soledad Cyn., May 23, 1967, 1900 ft. (579 m.); L.C. Wheeler, near Thompson Cr. Wash, July 21, 1931, no elev. given; Perter Kamb, Big Tujunga Cyn., at mouth of Delta Cyn., below Trail Cyn., July 13, 1958, 1699 ft. (518 m.);

P.A. Munz, San Dimas Cyn., Mar. 28, 1921, 1800 ft. (549 m.)

FVS: Mar. 28, 1921

SBCo.: From 2000 ft. (610 m.) w. of Lytle Cr., between Riverside Ave. & Sierra Ave., about ¼ mile s. of their jct., n.w. of San Bernardino, Nov. 22, 1971, to

4097 ft. (1249 m.) at flats above Spring Hill, I.M. Johnston, Aug. 1, 1925; Apr.-Aug., Oct. , Nov.; rare; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: July 13, 1902, L.R. Abrams, Coldwater Cyn., San Antonio Mts., no elev. given (also det. T. canescens) and Aug. 1, 1925, I.M. Johnston, flats above Spring Hill, 40997 ft. (1249 m.)

Tetradymia glabrata Torr. & A. Gray, Littleleaf Horsebrush

LACo.: Carr Cyn., 0.5-1.0 miles e. of Littlerock Creek confl., Apr. 29, 2009,

3100 ft. (945 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, Walter Wisura, et al., s. of Emma Mt. Road., just e. of Little Rock Cr., Apr. 20, 1982, 3300 ft. (1006 m.)

FVS: Apr. 20, 1982

SBCo.: No records found.

Tetradymia spinosa Hook. & Arn., Shortspine Horsebrush (check)

LACo.: Big John Flat, June 18, 1999, 5419 ft. (1652 m.)

Other records:

Justin Wood, vic. of Littlerock Cr., just s.w. of jct. of Cheseburo Rd. & Mt. Emma Rd., May 10, 2010, 3919 ft. (973 m.); R. Gustafson & C. Davidson, Ft. Tejon Rd., s. of Little Rock, c. 1.5 miles e. of jct. with 82nd St., Apr. 20, 1977, 3198 ft.

(975 m.); M.N. Ackley, Littlerock Foothills, May 8, 1927, 2998 ft. (914 m .)

F.W. Peirson, Little Rock Creek, May 20, 1921, 3398 ft. (1036 m.)

FVS: May 20, 1921

SBCo.: No records found.

Tetradymia stenolepis Greene, Mojave Cottonthorn

LACo.: T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., Little Rock Cr. Reservoir, June 11, 1990, 3270-3290 ft. (997 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Little Rock Cr., Alimony Ridge, May 4, 1992, 4800 ft. (1463 m.); Steve Myers, Big Rock Cr. Wash, 2.5 miles e. of Pearblosom, June 29, 1988, no elev. given (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: June 29, 1988

SBCo.: No records found.

Tragopogon dubius Scop., Yellow Salsify

Native to Europe.

LACo.: Big Pine Meadow, Oct. 16, 2008, 6760 ft. (2061 m.)

Other records:

T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., e. slope of THORN (Triangulation Pt. 5499-ft.) w. margin of road to Barley Flats (c.) 0.5 air-miles e. of Barley Flats draining to Big Tujunga Cr., June 8, 1990, 5179-5199 ft. (1579-1585 m.)

FVS: June 8, 1990

SBCo.: Lower Lytle Cr. Ridge, June 22, 1995, 3800 ft. (1159 m.); Wright Lake, Aug. 12, 1996, 6040 ft. (1842 m.); Cucamonga, c. 4.7 mi. n.e. of jct. of Skyline & Almond Ave., June 28, 1994, 4820 ft. (1470 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: June 28, 1994

Trichoptilium incisum (A. Gray) A. Gray, Yellowdome

LACo.: David M. Wright, 1.7 miles s.e. along State Hwy. 138 Victorville, growing along roadside, May 3, 1963, 3300 ft. (1006 m.) (possibly just n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary-location ambiguous)

SBCo.: No records found.

Uropappus lindleyi (DC.) Nutt., Lindley’s Silverpuffs

[synonym: Microseris lindleyi (DC.) A. Gray]

LACo.: From 1299 ft. (396 m.), at Fish Cyn., c. 1 mi. downstream from Falls, L.C. Wheeler, Apr. 14, 1946, to 4749 ft. (1448 m.), s.w. of Pinon Hills, 0.2 mi. due e. of reservoir of mouth of Mescal Cyn., R.G. Swinney, June 12, 1998; Mar.-June; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: May 10, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Arraster (Arrastre) Creek, 3001 ft. (915 m.)

SBCo.: w. side of Lytle Cr. Cyn Rd., near Hitching Ranch, Apr. 25, 1993,

2600 ft. (795 m.); w. of Cajon Summit, Apr. 13, 1996, 2400 ft. (1280 m.); Sheep Cr. near Pinon Hills, Scrub Oak Rd., May 1, 1995, 4440 ft. (1354 m.); 1 mi. SSW of Cajon Jnct. Apr 29, 1995, 3100 ft. (945 m.); Ralston Pk., May 23, 1998,

4380 ft. (1338 m.); Baldy Mesa, 2 mi. n.e. of State Hwy. 138 & Lone Pine Cyn. Road, May 29, 1995, 3600 ft. (1098 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Meyer Cyn. off Lytle Cr., May 9, 1968, 2299 ft. (701 m.);

Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 16, 1971, 2600 ft. (792 m.); Jepson, Cajon Pass, May 28, 1914, 3598 ft. (1097 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 28, 1914

Venegasia carpesioides DC., Canyon Sunflower

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1200 ft. (366 m.), at San Dimas Cyn., 0.25 miles n. of Golden Hills Dr. on San Dimas Cyn. Rd., R.G. Swinney, May 25, 1989, to 2299 ft. (701 m.), Bell Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, June 8, 1936; Apr.-July, Nov.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Apr. 10, 1921, F.W. Peirson, s. base of San Gab. Mts., San Dmas Cyn., 1400 ft. (426 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) A. Gray, Golden Crownbeard

LACo.: Scott D. White & Michael Honer, Pomona Valley/San Gab. Mt., foothills City of Claremont, San Antonio Cyn. alluvial fan. n. of Baseline Ave., w. of concrete-lined flood control chanel, June 24, 2004, 1600 ft. (488 m.) (just s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: No records found.

Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) A. Gray ssp. exauriculata (B.L. Rob. & Greenm.0) J.R. Coleman, Golden Crownbeard

Toxic to livestock but unpalatable

LACo.: Henry J. Ramsey, summit, Little Tujunga Cyn. Road., June 27, 1937, no elev. given.

SBCo.: No records found.

Wyethia ovata (Torr. & A. Gray ex Torr.) Witt. Weber], Southern Mule-ears

[synonym: Agnorhiza ovata (Torr. & A. Gray ex Torr.) W.A. Weber]

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 4900 ft. (1493 m.), at E. Fork Alder Cr., off Big Tujunga, L.C. Wheeler, July 21, 1968, to 7501 ft. (2287 m.), at Mt. Williamson, George Vowels, June 24, 1969; June-Sep., Dec.; Uncommon; transmontane, montane, cismontane at Tujunga

FVS: Aug. 28, 1917, Fordyce Grinnell Jr., Pine Flats, 5300 ft. (1616 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Xanthium spinosum L., Spiny Cocklebur

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Reynier Cyn., off San (Sand-added 2012) Cyn., Placerita Cyn. Road, Aug. 13, 1967, 1847 ft. (563 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Elsmere Cyn., near mouth, June 26, 1967, 1425 ft. (434 m.)

FVS: June 26, 1967

SBCo.: No records found.

Xanthium strumarium L., Rough Cocklebur

[synonym: X. strumarium L. var. canadense (Mill.) Torr. & A. Gray]

Native to America.

LACo.: From 670 ft. (204 m.) at San Gabriel River Channel, 2.2 mi. n. of Foothill Blvd., R.G. Swinney, Nov. 30, 2008, to 3201 ft. (976 m.) Little Rock Cr., below Dam, Orlando Mistretta, July12, 1995; July, Sep.-Nov.; uncommon near water courses, debris basins; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: Oct. 25, 1966, L.C. Wheeler, El Encanto, San Gab. River

SBCo.: From 2221 ft. (677 m.) at Cajon Wash, w. of Devore Heights offramp, R.G. Swinney, June 26, 1992, to 2886 ft. (880 m.) at Cajon Cyn. near stream, c. 0.5 m. s. of N. end of old US Hwy 395, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 6, 1991; June, Sep., Oct.; rare; Cajon Pass

FVS: Sep. 17, 1961, Peter H. Raven, below Cajon Station (streamside) Cajon cyn., Cajon Cmpgrd., 2598 ft. (792 m.)

Xylorhiza tortifolia (Torr. & A. Gray)Greene var. tortifolia, Mojave Woodyaster

[synonym: Machaeranthera tortifolia (Torr. & A. Gray) Cronquist & D.D. Keck]

LACo.: From 3001 ft. (915 m.), at Littlerock Cr., 0.3 miles n.w. of Littlerock Cr. Cmpgrd., R.G. Swinney, Apr. 24, 2009, to 4736 ft. (1444 m.), at Bob’s Gap, at the s. edge of Bob’s Gap, on slope and roadside & down in the wash, Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et al., May 6, 2005; Apr., May; rare; transmontane

Other locations:

Bob’s Gap area - 4 records

Littlerock Cr. area - 5 records

Big Rock Cr. - 1 record

W. terminus of Holcomb Ridge, w. of Big Rock Cr. - 2 records

Carr Cyn. - 1 record

FVS: May 17, 1931, Freda Detmers, Big Rock Cr., no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found:


Berberidaceae Barberry Family

Berberis aquifolium Pursh var. aquifolium, Hollyleaved Barberry

(synonym B. piperiana (Abrams) McMinn)

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn., May 11, 1995, 1240 ft. (378 m.) (possibly planted/persisting/near old homesite-added 2012)

Other records:

Timothy Ross & Steve Boyd et. al., Big Rock Cr., just above confl. of Holcomb Cyn. Creek., between Big Rock Cr. Road and mouth of Holcomb Cyn., June 11, 1990, 4113-4198 ft. (1254-1280 m.) (near abandoned cabin/presumed planted/persisting); G.D. Wallace, Bob Gustafson, et al., upper Sawpit Cyn., n. of Monrovia, Apr. 24, 1985, 3001 ft. (915 m.); F.W. Peirson, along small streram bed immediately s. & above Big Pines Center, May 15, 1943, 6996 ft. (2133 m.)

FVS: May 15, 1943

SBCo.: No records found.

+Berberis aquifolium Pursh var. dictyota (Jeps.) Jeps., California Barberry, Shining Netvein Barberry

[synonym: Mahonia dictyota (Jeps.) Fedde] Possibly intergrades with B. pinnata (Laq.) Fedde ssp. pinnata

LACo.: From 1998 ft. (609 m.), at Eaton Cyn., Frank W. Peirson, June 1, 1918, to 3802 ft. (1159 m.), at Millard’s Cyn., Joseph A. Ewan, July 4, 1932; Mar.-July, Sep.; rare; cismontane

FVS: Mar. 1910, Fordyce Grinnel J., San Gab. Mts. in the mts.

SBCo.: Day Cyn., 0.6 mi. n.w. of gaging station at mouth of cyn, Apr. 22, 1995, 3201 ft. (976 m.); Day Cyn., 1.1 mi. n.w. of cyn. mouth, Aug. 30 1994, 3296 ft. (1005 m.); Lower Lytle Cr. Ridge, 1.8 mi. e. of Lytle Cr. Road at Apple White Rd., June 20, 19094, 3116 ft. (950 m.); Sheep Cyn. Road, 0.4 mi. s. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., Apr. 8, 1994, 3296 ft. (1005 m.); Lower Lytle Cr. Divide, 0.7 mi. s. of jct. of 3N31 & 2N51 on Rd. 2N51; 2998 ft. (914 m.); Ridgetop n.w. of Grande Cielo Buffalo Ranch, w. of Cajon Wash, s. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., June 1, 1994,

3760 ft. (1145 m.); Lower Lytle Cr. Ridge area, 3.1 m. s. of jct. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd. & Applewhite Rd., wash s. of Grande Cielo Buffalo Ranch, c. 0.4 mi. w. of Applewhite Rd. in wash bottom, June 22, 1995, 3198 ft. (975 m.)

Other records:

Lyman Benson, Lytle Cyn., May 29, 1945, 2500 ft. (762 m.); F.W. Peirson, Swartout Valley, s. side of rd., short distance w. of Lone Pine Cyn. Divide, Aug. 30, 1923, 5996 ft. (1828 m.); R.F. Thorne, San Sevaine Rd., June 5, 1971,

3800 ft. (1159 m.); H.M. Hall, ridge overlooking Sheep Cr., June 22, 1899,

5996 ft. (1828 m.)

FVS: June 22, 1899

Berberis aquifolium Pursh var. repens (Lindl.) Scoggan, Creeping Barberry

LACo.: J.E. Law, Eaton Cyn. Trail, over Oak Flat, May 22, 1923, no elev. given.

SBCo.: No records found.

+Berberis nevinii A. Gray, Nevin’s Barberry

[synonym: Mahonia nevinii (A. Gray) Fedde]

Status: CNPS List: 1B R-E-D Code: 3-3-3 State/Fed. Status: CE/C1

CRPR 1B.1 S1 G1

Often used in restoration of inadequate documentation, so that planted and natural populations confused; reports of elev. +/- up to 1220 m. based on plantings.

LACo.: Claremont Hills Wilderness Park, 0.2 to 0.6 mi. (by rd.) NNW of n. terminus of Mills Ave., on Cobal Cyn. Road, c. 92 m. n. of jct. of Cobal Canyon Mtwy. & Burbank Cyn. Mtwy., 2 populations within 0.4 mi., specimens collected from s. pop. of 1 plant, upper pop. with 2 plants, Apr. 13, 1998, 1781 ft. (543 m.)

Collected specimen: 5 ft. 8 in. tall, 6 ft. at widest point.

Other collectors at above site, after discovery on Apr. 13, 1998 by author:

Valerie Soza, Steve Boyd & G. D. Wallace, March 28, 2000

Naome Fraga & Lisa Rojas, Apr. 20, 2005, collected after the Padua Fire of 2003

Other records:

Steve Boyd & Mark Elvin, just s. of Mt. Baldy Rd. & w. of Padua Ave., Jan. 25, 1997, 1781 ft. (543 m.); Herbert L. Mason, Pacoima Wash, San Gab. Mts., Apr. 26, 1926, no elev. given; G.D. Wallace & S. Eliason, Lopez Cyn., n. of San Fernando, Feb. 20, 1998, 1499 ft. (457 m.); Frank W. Peirson, 1/2 way form food (foot-added 2011) of mts. to Devil’s Gate, Aroyo Seco, Mar. 28, 1920, 1099 ft. (335 m.); F.W. Peirson, near stream, Arroyo Seco, San Gab. Mts., Mar. 3, 1921, 1099 ft. (335 m.); A. Mottley, Arroyo Seco, Pasadena, Apr. 3, 1920, 1100 ft. (335.3 m.); C.B. Wolf, Pacoima Wash, near bridge on road from Tujunga to San Fernando, May 13, 1931, 1200 ft. (366 m.)

FVS: Mar. 28, 1920, F.W. Peirson, c. ½ way between Devils’ Gate & the mouth of Arroyo Seco, w. of Altadena, 1099 ft. (335 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Berberis pinnata Lag. ssp. pinnata, California Barberry

[synonym: Mahonia pinnata (Laq.) Fedde ssp. pinnata]

Intergrades with B. aquifolium var. dictyota (Jeps.) Jeps.

LACo.: D.L. Crawford, mts. near Claremont, Aug. 14, 1915, no elev. given; C.W. Sharsmith, Eaton Cyn., Dec. 30, 1963, 2198 ft. (670 m.)

SBCo.: Wright Lake, Wrightwood, Oct. 30, 2008, 6038 ft. (1841 m.)

Other records:

Robert F. Thorne & J. Dourley, San Gab. Mts., above rd. leading from Lytle Cr. & down into Cajon Pass, Oct. 10, 1967

FVS: Oct. 10, 1967

Nandina domestica Thumb, Sacred Bamboo

Native to China, Japan.

LACo.: Mike Hammitt & Jason Rick, Arroyo Seco Cyn., between Gould MesaPicnic Area and Oakwild Picnic Area, odl homesite, several young plants seen elsewhere in the vic., away from the homestead site, apparently naturalizing locally, June 25, 1991, no elev. given.

SBCo.: No records found.


Betulaceae Birch Family

Alnus rhombifolia Nutt., White Alder

Higher elev. plants tend to be many trunked and listed as ssp. bernardina in P. Munz, 1974 but not currently recognized. One single-trunked tree and seedlings in Cascade Cyn., having deeply lobed leaves at c. 600 meters e. of FS Road 2N04.2 (Barret-Stoddard Truck Trail, tributary of San Antonio Cyn., R.G. Swinney, July 6, 1994, 4999 ft. (1524 m.). Often abundant along water courses throughout.

LACo.: From 630 ft. (192 m.) in Azusa/Duarte, San Gabriel River Wash at 0. 2 mi. n. of Purente Largo Railway Bridge, in main channel, R.G. Swinney, May 2009, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at Windy Springs, c. 0.3 miles n.w. of Little Jimmy Cmpgrd., on PCT, R.G. Swinney, Sep. 15, 2001; all months; common at riparian; all 3 areas

FVS: June 1891, Anstruther Davidson, Millards Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: From 2001 ft. (610 m.), at Glen Helen Regional Park, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 19, 2009, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at. 1/4 mi. n.w. of Baldy Notch, n. of Stockton Flats Rd., R.G. Swinney, Sep. 6, 1993; Mar., May, July-Nov.; fairly common along stream courses; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: July 23, 1925, I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Cyn., third falls, 3496 ft.

(1066 m.)

Betula occidentalis Hook., Water Birch

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, Rock Cr., June 25, 1925, 6800 ft. (2073 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.


Boraginaceae Borage or Waterleaf Family

(Lennoaceae – Lennoa Family, Hydrophyllaceae – Waterleaf Family)

Amsinckia douglasiana A.DC., Douglas’ Fliddleneck

CA & reported from Maine & Massachusetts

LACo.: Jerome S. Horton, Camp 10 Rd., San Dimas Cyn., Apr. 17, 1939, 1899 ft. (579 m.)

SBCo.: L.E. Hoffman, Swarthout Cyn., July 10, 1927, no elev. given

+Amsinckia eastwoodiae J.F. Macbr., Eastwood’s Fiddleneck

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, vacant lot on s. side of New York Dr., e. of Hill Ave., Altadena, Mar. 26, 1919, no elev. given.; anonym., San Gab. Mts. Region, Alhambra, Mar. 26, 1891, no elev. given

FVS: Mar. 26, 1891

SBCo.: No records found.

Amsinckia intermedia Fisch. & C. Mey., Common Fiddleneck

[synonym: A. menziesii (Lehm.) A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr., var. imtermedia (Fisch. & C. Mey.) Ganders] Hybridizes with A. retrorsa.

LACo.: From 630 ft. (192 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel River Cyn., 0.8 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. on e. side of main river channel, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 13, 2009 , to 5199 ft. (1585 m.), along Sunset Ridge Fire Rd., c. 2 km. southwest of Sunset Peak, V. Soza, LeRoy Gross, et al., May 9, 2002; Feb.-May, July; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Feb. 6, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Claremont, 1597 ft. (487 m.)

SBCo.: Lytle Creek Cyn., c. 0.3 mi. n. of Devore Rd. on FS. Road 1N32,

Mar. 8, 1993, 2041 ft. (622 m.)

Other records:

Peter Kamb, Mouth of Cajon Cyn., Sycamore Flat, May 15, 1948, 1998 ft.

(609 m.); Mark Parraatt, n. of Chaffey College Library, Mar. 24, 1962, 1752 ft.

(534 m.); Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 30 1971, 2460 ft. (750 m.); H.M. Hall, Lytle Cr., June 1899, 5746 ft. (1742 m.)

FVS: June, 1899

Amsinckia menziesii (Lehm.) A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr., Rancher’s Fireweed, Menzies’ Fiddleneck, Small-flowered Fiddleneck, Common Fiddleneck

[synonym: A. micrantha Suksd. and A. menziesii var. menziesii)

LACo.: Richard Noyes & L. Arnseth, Claremont, 100 meters e. of Thompson Cr. Dam, Apr. 30, 1988, 1640 ft. (500 m.); Gary Kavnat & LeRoy Gross, Gold Cr. Ecological Preserve, S. Terrace West Meadow ECOTONE, Feb. 16, 2003,

2240 ft. (683 m.); Middred Solomon, Mt. Wilson, July 12, 1931, no elev. given;

I.M. Johnston, s. of Glendora, Love (Lone) Hill, Apr. 11, 1918, 1197 ft. (365 m.) (if the elev. is correct, it is within the San Gab. Mts. boundary and possibly near the Gordon Cyn. area (added- 2012)

FVS: Apr. 11, 1918

SBCo.: s. of mouth of Lytle Creek Cyn., 4.8 miles w. of Lytle Cr. Road & c. 0.4 miles n. of Front Line, Mar. 15, 1993, 1804 ft. (550 m.)

Other records:

Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 30, 1971, 2460 ft. (750 m.); L.C. Wheeler, e. side of mouth of San Antonio Cyn., 0.5 miles s. of Stoddard Cyn., May 10, 1969, 2350 ft. (716 m.)

FVS: May 10, 1969

Amsinckia retrorsa Suksd.), Rigid Fiddleneck

[synonyms: A. menziesii var. menziesii and A. helleri Brand and A. parviflora A. Heller)

LACo.: Glendora, n.e. jct. of Sierra Madre Ave. & Valley Center, Mar. 33, 1993, 997 ft. (304 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Glendora Ridge Truck Road, Mar. 21, 1968, (610 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Wildwood Ranch, e. of Glendora, Mar. 28, 1974, no elev. given; P.A. Munz, Indian Hill Blvd., 1 mile n. of Claremont, Mar. 2, 1921, 1299 ft. (396 m.);

P.A. Munz, Lone Hill, San Dimas, Mar. 17, 1920, 1000 ft. (304 m.)

FVS: Mar. 17, 1920

SBCo.: Frankish Pk. Summit, Apr. 15, 1996, 4100 ft. (1250 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Mouth of San Antonio Cyn., 0.5 m. s. of Stoddard Cyn., May 10, 1969, 2348 ft. (716 m.)

FVS: May 10, 1969

Amsinckia tessellata A. Gray, Bristly Fiddleneck

LACo.: From 3001 ft. (915 m.), at Littlerock Cr., 0.3 miles n.w. of Littlerock Cr. Cmpgrd., R.G. Swinney, Apr. 24, 2009, to 5838 ft. (1780 m.), at Big John Peak, w. of Mescal Cr. above Big Jolhn Flat, R.G. Swinney, June 5, 1999; Feb., Apr.-June; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane at Cobal Cyn., Edward L. Smith, Feb. 18, 1958, elev. of 60 m. is in error-added 2011)

FVS: Feb. 18, 1958, Edward L. Smith, Cobal Cyn., (60 m.) (elev. in error-added 2012)

SBCo.: Baldy Mesa, 1.3 miles n.e. of Hwy. 138 on Rd. 3N24, just n.e. from where 3N24 crosses ridgetop, near Nuss Ranch, June 3, 1995, 4635 ft.

(1413 m.) (2 additional records from Swinney in 1995-6 for Baldy Mesa); Wye Pk., at Cajon Jct., n.e. of I-215 Frwy./Hwy. 138, Mar. 24, 2008, 3630-3690 ft. (1106-1125 m.)(Just e. of San Gab. Mts. boundary); Mojave Desert/San Gab. Mts., Pinon Hills, Mar. 25, 1967

Other records: None found.

FVS: Mar. 25, 1967

Amsinckia tessellata A. Gray var. tessellata, Devil’s Lettuce, Bristly Fiddleneck

LACo.: From 2240 ft. (683 m.), at Gold Cr. Ecological Preserve, S. Terrace West Meadow Ecotone, Gary Kovant & LeRoy Gross, Feb. 16, 2008, to 4800 ft.

(1463 m.), at Little Rock Cr., Alimoney Ridge, Orlando Mistretta, May 4, 1992; Mar.-June; uncommon; transmontane

FVS: June 7, 1882, S.B. & W.F. Parish, Rock Cr., border of Mojave Desert

SBCo.: From 3400 ft. (1036 m.) at Mormon Rocks & Cajon Cyn., R.F. Thorne, Apr. 20 1973, to 5150 ft. (1570 m.) at Phelan Pk., Baldy Mesa, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 13, 1996; Apr.-June; rare; transmontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Apr. 25, 1947, Lyman Benson, San Gab. Mts. region, edge of Mojave Desert, c. 10 miles n.w. of Cajon, 4599 ft. (1402 m.)

+Amsinckia vernicosa Hook. & Arn., Green Fiddleneck

LACo.: Carr Cyn., 0.6 mi. s.e. of confluence with Little Rock Cr., on dark-brown San Andreas Rift Zone soil, May 5, 2009

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Borago officinalis L., Common Borage

Native to s. Europe.

LACo.: Claremont Hills Wilderness Park, 0.2 to 0.6 mi. (by rd.) NNW of n. end of Mills Ave., on Cobal Cyn. Road, Apr. 13, 1998, 1781 ft. (543 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Cryptantha affinis (A. Gray) Greene, Common Cryptantha, Side-grooved Cryptantha, Quill Cryptantha

Only 3 records available from CCH, 2009. The old record from Templeton is not shown by Munz or Jepson in their California Plant Manuals.

LACo.: B.C. Templeton, Jackson Lake, June 18, 1932, 5799 ft. (1768 m.)

SBCo.: Sheep Cyn., south trib. of Ice House Cyn., due w. of Sheep Flats, July 10, 1995, 6799 ft. (2073 m.); Sheep Flats, s. of Ice House Cyn., July 10, 1995,

7045 ft. (2148 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: July 10, 1995

Cryptantha barbigera (A. Gray) Greene, Bearded Cryptantha

LACo.: From 2998 ft. (914 m.), just w. of Rock Pt. Cmpgrd., Littlerock Reservoir, c. 5.5 miles s.w. of Littlerock, M.A. Piehl, May 30, 1963, to 5501 ft. (1677 m.), at trail up S. Fork of Rock Cr., F.W. Peirson, June 2, 1928; Apr.-June; uncommon-rare; transmontane

FVS: June 2, 1928, F.W. Peirson, trail up South Fk. of Rock Creek, 5501 ft. (1677 m.)

SBCo.: Lower Lytle Cr. Ridge, 1.5 mi. s.w. of jct. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd. & Applewhite Rd., c. 0.8 mi. e. of Glenn Ranch; Pinon Hills, Boneyard Pk., May 8, 1999, 5113 ft. (1559 m.); Cucamonga, Day Cyn., c. 1.3 mi. s.e. of gaging station at mouth of cyn., Apr. 22, 1995, 2362 ft. (720 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Apr. 22, 1995

Cryptantha circumscissa (Hook. & Arn.) I.M. Johnst., Cushion Cryptantha

LACo.: From 2300 ft. (701 m.), at Indian Cyn., near mouth, L.C. Wheeler, May 24, 1967, to 7200 ft. (2194 m), W. Blue Ridge, Big Pines Park, B.C. Templeton, June 1, 1932; Feb.-June; fairly common; transmontane, montane

FVS: May, 1893, H.E. Hasse, Acton (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: From 2900 ft. (884 m.) at Cajon Pass, Cajon Wash, just s. of Hwy. 138, Scott D. White, Apr. 16, 1997, to 6721 ft. (2049 m.) Circle Mt. summit, R.G. Swinney, June 23, 1994; Apr.-July; uncommon; transmontane, montane at Circle Mt. Pk., R.G. Swinney, June 23, 1994, 6721 ft. (2049 m.), cismontane at Chalk Pk. (6089 ft.), Lytle Cr. area between Middle & N. Forks, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 19, 1997, 6065 ft. (1849 m.), Cajon Pass

FVS: June 3-6, 1900, H.M. Hall, Swarthout Cyn., 6498 ft. (1981 m.)

Cryptantha circumscissa (Hook. & Arn.) I.M. Johnston var. circumscissa, Cushion Cryptantha

[synonyms: C. circumscissa (Hook & Arn.) I.M. Johnston var. genuina I.M. Johnston and C. circumscissa (Hook. & Arn.) I.M. Johnston var. hispida (J.F. Macbr.) I.M. Johnst.]

LACo.: A.D.E. Elmer, June 1922, 2719 ft. (829 m.) (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary) Acton, Mt. Gleason (Quad-added 2011),

SBCo.: No records found.

Cryptantha clevelandii Greene, Cleveland’s Cryptantha

LACo.: lowest, large waterfall in Spruce Cyn., a trib. from the w. of San Antonio Cyn., July 30, 1998, 3201 ft. (976 m.); with Dave Larson, upper Fern Cyn., SDEF, from Fern Dam # 1 to # 3, n.e. of Browns Flat, July 21, 1999, 4720 ft. (1439 m.)

Other records:

Scott D. White & Justin M. Wood, San Gabriel River, W. Fork, dirt rd. between Cogswell Dam and fill slope on s. side of Cogswell Reservoir, May 6, 2009,

2381 ft. (726 m.); Scott D. White & Justin M. Wood, San Gabriel River, W. Fork between Bear Cr. & Cogswell Dam, May 6, 2009, 1801 ft. (549 m.); Justin M. Wood, City of San dimas, Sycamore Cyn., Falcon Ridge Rd., Apr. 22, 2009,

1351 ft. (412 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Devil’s Cyn., just above the upper falls, below the Cmpgrd., e. of Windy Gap, May 31, 1968, 3300 ft. (1006 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Hunt Cyn., 3 miles e. of Vincent, May 12, 1967, 3500 ft. (1067 m.)

FVS: May 12, 1967

SBCo.: No records found.

Cryptantha clevelandii Greene var. florosea I.M. Johnst., Coastal Cryptantha, Cleveland’s Cryptantha

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: Justin M. Wood, City of San Dimas, Sycamore Cyn., Falcon Ranch, Apr. 22, 2009, 1351 ft. (412 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Aliso Cyn., c. 0.5 miles e. of Blum Ranch, Apr. 20, 1973, 3100 ft. (945 m.); P.A. Munz & Street, Lone Hill, San Dimas, San Gabriel Mts., Apr. 19, 1919 (possibly just s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary

FVS: Apr. 19, 1919

SBCo.: No records found.

+Cryptantha corollata (I.M. Johnst.) I.M. Johnst., Coast Range Cryptantha

LACo.: R. Hoffmann, Little Rock Dam, Apr. 27, 1929, no elev. given

SBCo.: w. side of Lytle Cr. Cyn. Road, near Hitching Ranch, 200 meters n. of USFS Rd. 2N79, Apr. 25, 1993, 2608 ft. (795 m.)

Other records: None found.

Cryptantha decipiens (M.E. Jones) A. Heller, Gravelbar Cryptantha

LACo.: From 3159 ft. (963 m.), at Carr Cyn., 0.4-1.5 miles s.e. of Mt. Emma Rd., upper S. Fork, Carr Cyn., R.G. Swinney, May 6, 2009, to 4821 ft. (1470 m.), Big Rock Cr., at “Paradise Springs”, on Big Rock Cr. Cmpgrd. property, R.G. Swinney, May 2, 2008; Apr., May; rare; transmontane

FVS: Apr. 26, 1982, Robert Gustafson & G.D. Wallace, Bob’s Gap Rd., c. 3.5 miles s. of jct. with Pearblossom Hwy., 3206 ft. (975 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Cryptantha echinella Greene, Hedgehog or Prickly Cryptantha

LACo.: From 3601 ft. (1098 m.), at Kitter Cyn., near confl. of Kitter Cyn. & Little Rock Cr., Orlando Mistretta, Apr. 25, 1995, to 8400 ft. (2561 m.), at Cucamonga Wilderness, Big Horn Pk., R.G. Swinney, July 8, 1994 and at 8397 ft. (2560 m.), e. of Ontario Pk., P.A. Munz, July 18, 1922 Apr.-Aug., Oct.; rare, transmontane, montane

FVS: July 6, 1918, I.M. Johnson (Johnston-added 2010), Prairie Fk. San Gabriel River, 6996 ft.

(2133 m.)

SBCo.: From 6120 ft. (1866 m.), at Falling Rock Cyn., 0.4 miles s. of Icehouse Cyn., R.G. Swinney, July 9, 1996, to 8469 ft. (2582 m.), within 100 yards s.e. & north of Wright Mt. Summit, R.G. Swinney, July 12, 1993; Apr.-July; rare; montane

FVS: July 30, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Kell’ys Cabin, Ontario Pk., 8197 ft. (2499 m.)

Cryptantha flaccida (Douglas ex Lehm.) Greene, Pale or Weakstem Cryptantha

LACo.: San Dimas Experimental Forest, rare, disturbed areas in chamise, SDEF, 1988, no documented voucher found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Cryptantha holoptera (A. Gray) J.F. Macbr., Winged Cryptantha

Status: CNPS List: 4 R-E-D Code: 1-1-2 State/Fed: Status: none

CRPR CBR

LACo.: M.N. Ackley Little Rock Foothills, May 1926, 2998 ft. (914 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Cryptantha inaequata (A. Gray) J.F. Macbr., Panamint or Winged Cryptantha

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, e. of Oak Springs Cyn., ridge imm. south of Desert Front Rd., June 29, 1995

Other records: None found.

Cryptantha intermedia (A. Gray) Greene, Popcorn Flower, Clearwater Cryptantha

LACo.: From 554 ft. (169 m.), at Azusa/Irwindale, between the I-210 Fwy. & Foothill Blvd. on w. side of San Gabriel River Channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 7, 2009 to 6996 ft. (2133 m.), above Claremont, D. L. Crawford, June 30, 1915; Mar.-June; fairly common, transmontane, montane at w. of Mt. Islip, just above e. boundary of San Gabriel Wilderness, c. 4 mile closed section of Hwy. 39 from c. 1.6 miles w. of jct. of Crystal Lake area rd. to jct. Hwy. 2, cismontane

FVS: Feb. 6, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Claremont, 1597 ft. (487 m.)

SBCo.: From 2099 ft. (640 m.) at Lytle Cr. Wash, just s. of Glen Helen Pkwy., NNW of I-215 Frwy., B. Pitzer, et al., Mar. 8, 1997, to 4897 ft. (1493 m.), between upper & lower San Sevaine Flats, along tr., I.M. Johnston, July 10, 1925; Jan.-July; fairly common; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: May 16, 1903, Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, 3802 ft. (1159 m.)

Cryptantha maritima (Greene) Greene, Guadalupe Cryptantha

LACo.: San Dimas, Fern Cnyn., SDEF, 1988 (not able to find the location of the voucher # or its data.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Cryptantha micrantha (Torr.) I.M. Johnst., Redroot Cryptantha

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 499 ft. (152 m.) at San Gabriel Wash, I.M. Johnston, May 13, 1917, to 6800 ft. (2073 m.), at Bare Mt. Cyn., head of drainage e. of Pacifico Mt. at end of FS Rd. 3N7#, Orlando Mistretta, June 20, 1995; Apr.-May; uncommon; all 3 areas

FVS: June 17, 1906, Geo. B. Grant, Mt. Wilson summit, 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

SBCo.: Rare in sandy soils,

Cajon Wash, c. 1 mi. s.e. of Controversy Spring, c. 1 mi. s. of Hwy. 138, Apr. 20, 1994, 4497 ft. (1371 m.)

Other records:

Four records from Cajon Pass, 2247-3936 ft. (685-1200 m.), Frank W. Peirson, I.M. Johnston, I.W. Clokey & E.G. Anderson, 1919-1935; Barbara Sherdonick, Wash just w. of Littlerock, Apr. 28, 1974, 2801 ft. (854 m.)

FVS: Apr. 16, 1919, Frank W. Peirson, Cajon Pass, 2247 ft. (685 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Cryptantha micrantha (Torr.) I.M. Johnst. var. lepida (A. Gray) I.M. Johnston, Redroot Cryptantha

LACo.: T.S. Ross & Steve Boyd, Mill Cr. Tree Plantation, Tujunga Distr., May 17, 1990, 5291 lft. (1613 m.)

SBCo.: I.W. Clokey & E.G. Anderson, w. of Cajon Pass, May 15, 1935, 3936 ft. (1200 m.); F.W. Peidrson, San Bernardino Mts. region, s. slope of Cajon Pass, Apr. 16, 1919, 2250 ft. (686 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Apr. 16, 1919

Cryptantha micrantha (Torr.) I.M. Johnst. var. micrantha, Redroot Cryptantha # 3449

LACo.: R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth et. al., c. 2.0 mi. s.e. of Valyermo on rd. to Jackson Lake, June 29, 1972, 4700 ft. (1433 m.); Dan S. Cooper, knoll on s. side of Santa Clara River, 1.5 km. w. of Sand Cyn. Road, Santa Clarita, Apr. 21, 2008, 1558 ft. (475 m.)

FVS: Apr. 21, 2008

SBCo.: Sheep Cr. near Pinon Hills, 0.8 mi. s. of Hwy 138 at Scrub Oak Rd. & 70-300 m. w. of Scrub Oak Road, Apr. 5, 1995, 4579 ft. (1396 m.)

Other records:

James Henrickson, c. 2-4 mi. n. of I-15 in Lower Lytle Cr. Wash, May 1, 1985, 2400-2800 ft. (732-854 m.)

FVS: May 1, 1985

Cryptantha micromeres (A. Gray) Greene, Minute-flowered or Pygmyflower Cryptantha

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Tan Bark Flat, San Dimas Cyn., SDEF, June 1, 1936,

2800 ft. (853 m; L.C. Wheeler, San Gab. Mts., c. 1 mile e. of mouth of Little Tujunga Cyn., June 8, 1975, no elev. given; Martha Hilend, Mt. Lowe, May 14, 1929, no elev. given

FVS: May 14, 1929

SBCo.: No records found.

Cryptantha microstachys (Greene ex A. Gray) Greene, Tejon Cryptantha

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1000 ft. (305 m.), at So. foothills above Irwindale, Fish Creek Cyn., from mouth of cyn. at CalMat Quarry upstream to falls, Scott D. White & P. DeVries, May 18, 2000, to 5396 ft. (1645 m.), at south trail to Baldy Lookout, I.M. Johnston, July 8, 1925, :Apr.-July, Sep.; rare; transmontane at Aliso Cyn., montane at Baldy Lookout, cismontane

FVS: Sep. 20, 1903, C.F. Baker, San Antonio Cyn., near Claremont

SBCo.: Controversy Spring, May 1, 1995, 4559 ft. (1390 m.); w. of Cajon Wash & south of Hwy. 138, c. 1 mi. SSW of Cajon Jct., Apr. 29, 1995, 3100 ft. (945 m.); Frankish Pk., June 8, 1996, 4149 ft. (1265 m.); Lower Lytle Cr. Ridge, 1.5 mi. s.w. of jct. of Swarthout Cyn Rd. & Applewhite Rd., Apr. 22, 1995, 3319 ft.

(1012 m.); Ralston Pk. May 23, 1998, 4379 ft. (1335 m.); Cajon Pass, near Sycamore Station, n. of Glen Helen Pkwy., 0.9 mi. e. of Lytle Cr. Rd., June 11, 1994, 2066 ft. (630 m.)

Other records:

Kathleen Stockwell, Upland foothills, Campus Ave. at e. end of 21st. Street, under powerlines, June 10, 2003, 1719 ft. (524 m.); I.M. Johnston, w. end of Ontario Pk., June 28, 1924, 5497 ft. (1676 m.); I.M. Johnston, San Sevaine Cyn., July 11, 1925, 3250 ft. (991 m.); Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn./Evey Cyn., Apr. 16, 1971, 2600 ft. (793 m.); Freda Detmers, Lytle Cr. Cyn., May 10, 1931; L.C. Wheeler, Meyer Cyn. off Lytle Cr., May 9, 1968, 2300 ft. (701 m.)

FVS: May 16, 1903, Marcus E. Jones, San Gab. Mts. region, Cajon Pass,

3802 ft. (1159 m.)

+Cryptantha mohavensis (E. Greene) E. Greene, Mojave Cryptantha

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, jct. of Desert Front Rd. (=Oak Spring Ranch Rd.) and Oak Spring Ranch, June 29, 1995, (5320 ft. (1622 m.) (also det. C. pterocarya var. pterocarya); Pinon Hills area, 0.7 miles s. of Hwy. 138 at Beekly Rd., s. of Yucca Inn, between Horse Cyn. & Sheep Cr., May 1, 1995, 4861 ft. (1482 m.)

Other records: None found

FVS: May 1, 1995

Cryptantha muricata (Hook. & Arn.) Nelson & J.F. Macbr., Pointed Cryptantha

LACo.: From 551 ft. (168 m.) at Irwindale near jct. of Foothill Blvd. & Irwindale Ave., L.F. LaPre & T.W. Mulroy, Apr. 7, 1986; to 8544 ft. (2605 m.) at Crest Tr. above Lily Spring, c. 0.25 mi. w. of Mt. Hawkins, Wayne E. Sawyer, Aug 11, 1981; Mar.-Oct.; abundant; all 3 sections

FVS: June 30, 1902, L.R. Abrams, Mt. Wilson, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 1450 ft. (442 m.) at Etiwanda, w. side of Etiwanda Cr. on n. side of Hwy 30, A.C. Sanders, Mar. 12, 1998, to 8997 ft. (2743 m.) at Telegraph Pk., I.M. Johnston, July 31, 1917; Feb.-Nov.; common; all 4 sections

FVS: May 17, 1914, W.L. Jepson, Cajon Cyn., 2198 ft. (670 m.)

Cryptantha muricata (Hook. & Arn.) Nelson & J.F. Macbr. var. denticulata (Greene) I.M. Johnst., Prickly-nut Cryptantha

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Camp Lupine, Prairie Fk., Sep. 4, 1967, 6500 ft. (1981 m.)

SBCo.: F.R.Fosberg, head of Lone Pine Cyn. June 8, 1932, 6150 ft. (1875 m.); LeRoy Gross, Bill Hogstead, et al., N. Fork Lytle Cr., May 20, 2004, 6301 ft. (1921 m.)

FVS: May 20, 2004

Cryptantha muricata (Hook. & Arn.) Nelson & J.F. Macbr. var. jonesii (A. Gray) I.M. Johnst., Jones Cryptantha

LACo.: Michael Denslow & S.D. Boyd, Glendora Ridge Mtwy. 1N26 west of jct. with Glendora Mt. Road 2N08, May 7, 2003, 2499 ft. l (762 m.); LeRoy Gross, along trail from Charlton Flats Picnic Grounds to top of Vetter Mt., June 9, 2001, 5599 ft. (1707 m.); F.W. Peirson, on road side and in clearing about old mill, Aliso Cr. at Tie Cyn., June 31, 1929, 4398 ft. (1341 m.); T.S. Ross, Steve Boyd, et al., Pinyon Ridge, w. half of the ridge, between upper Little Rock Cr. & San Andreas Rift Zone, June 22, 1990, 5599 ft. (1707 m.); I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Cyn. at “Hog Back”, May 12, 1918, 3700 ft. (1128 m.)

FVS: May 12, 1918

SBCo.: James Henrickson, c. 12 air miles n.w. of San Bernardino in lower Lytle Cr., (Cyn.) Wash, c. 2-4 miles n. of I 15, May 10, 1985, 2401 ft. (732 m.); Frank Vasek, Lone Pine Cyn. (Cajon Cyn) State Hwy. 138, 1.4 miles s. of jct. of Hwy. 138 & Hwy. 2, May 29, 1963, 3510 ft. (1070 m.); F.R. Fosberg, near summit of Cajon Pass, May 21, 1932, 3772 ft. (1150 m.); I.M. Johnston, Cajon Pass, just below Cajon Station, May 15, 1920, no elev. given; P.A. Munz & R.D. Harwood, s. side of Cajon Pass, May 25, 1920, 3500 ft. (1067 m.); Mary F. Spencer, summit El Cajon Pass, May 12, 1917, no elev. given

FVS: May 12, 1917

Cryptantha muricata (Hook. & Arn.) Nelson & J.F. Macbr. var. muricata, Showy Prickly-nut Cryptantha

LACo.: Big Jojhn Flat, s.e. end along cyn. bottom of E. Fork Boulder Cyn., June 18, 1999, 5520 ft. (1683 m.)

Other records:

Scott D. White & Kent Hughes, n. foothills near Acton, bajada slopes & unnamed ephemeral tributaries to Arrastre Cyn., May 16, 2000, 3201 ft. (976 m.); T.S. Ross, Roundtop Mt., Aug. 14, 1991, 6199 ft. (1890 m.); T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd., Yerbo Buena Ridge, Tujunga Ranger Dist., May 14, 1990, 3519 ft. l(1073 m.); T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, Ball Flat , 1500 m. due n. of Jackson Lake, between the Boulder Cyn. & Mescal Cr. drainages, June 18, 1990, 5720 ft. (1744 m.); T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et all, natural depression SSW of Crystal Lake, June 25, 1990, 5550 ft. (1692 m.); David Charlton, Angeles Crest Hwy., several miles n. of Big Pine on shaded e.-facing slope at the base of a roadcut, June 15, 1986, 7000 ft. (2134 m.); T.S. Ross & Steve Boyd, Mill Cr. Tree Plantation, Tujunga Dist., May 17, 1990, 5291 ft. (1613 m.); Joseph A. Ewan, Barley Flats, July 10, 1929,

5625 ft. (1715 m.)

FVS: July 10, 1929

SBCo.: Joy W. Rohrbaach, mouth of Day Cyn., 50 meters n. of jct. of fire rd. & the stream, 1.2 miles n.w. of end of Etiwanda Ave., May 16, 1983, 2800 ft.

(853 m.)

+Cryptantha nemaclada Greene, Colusa Cryptantha

LACo.: upper Fish Fk. drainage, s.-facing slope of Pine Mt. Ridge, 2.1 miles s.w. of Fish Fk. Trail & Pine Mt. Ridge, July 21, 1998, 6839 ft. (2085 m.); Prairie Fk., 300 m. west of Cabin Flats Campground, July 10, 1998, 5241 ft. (1598 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Jully 10, 1998

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, San Sevaine Well, June 14, 1968, 5501 ft. (1677 m.)

Cryptantha nevadensis Nelson & Kern., Nevada Cryptantha

LACo.: From 3500 ft. (1067 m.) at Hunt Cyn., 3 miles e. of Vincent, May 12, 1967, to 4674 ft. (1425 m.), at S. Calif. Edison transmission line tower (segment 6, structure 42 per Trip Survey 2008), vic. of Mill Cr., Apr. 21, 2008; Apr., May; rare; transmontane

FVS: May 10, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Arrastre Cr., n. base of San Gab. Mts.,

3000 ft. (915 m.)

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, w. of Green Rd. & n. of Oak Spring Ranch, June 20, 1996, 4999 ft. (1524 m.)

Other records:

Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, May 16, 1903, 3802 ft. (1159 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 16, 1903

Cryptantha nevadensis A.Nelson & Kennedy var. nevedensis, Nevada Cryptantha

LACo.: Carr Cyn., 0.5-1.0 mile e. of Littlerock Creek confl., Apr. 29, 2009,

3100 ft. (945 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Cryptantha nevadensis A. Nelson & Kennedy var. rigida I.M. Johnst., Nevada Cryptantha

LACo.: From 1900-2200 ft. (579 m.), at Soledad Cyn., canyon bottom & adj. steep n.-facing slope, Scott D. White & Kent Hughes, May 17, 2000, to 5360 ft.

(1634 m.), at Boulder Cyn. Wash, s. of e.-w. road that runs through Big John Flat, Wash bottom in ravine, R.G. Swinney, June 21, 1999; Mar.-July, uncommon; transmontane

FVS: May 20, 1965, R.N. Philbrick, S. Fork Little Rock Cr.

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, w. of Green Rd. & n. of Oak Spring Ranch, June 20, 1996, 4999 ft. (1524 m.); Baldy mesa Ridge Rd., 6.1 mi. e. of jct. of Rd. # 3N24 and Baldy Mesa Ridge, June 22, 1995, 4599 ft. (1402 m.); S. Spring Hill area, n. lof Stoddard Flats, July 20, 1995, 4080 ft. (1244 m.); s. of Cajon Wash & s. of Hwy. 138, c. 1 mi. SSW of Cajon Jct., June 29, 1995, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, Controversy Springs, c. 4 mi. ENE of Wrightwood, June 21, 1978, 4556 ft. (1389 m.); many records for the Cajon Wash area

FVS: May 15, 1920; I.M. Johnston, mouth of Cajon Valley, Cajon Pass, 3500 ft. (1067m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Cryptantha oxygona (A. Gray) Greene, Sharpnut Cryptantha

LACo.: From 2400 ft. (732 m.), at Mll Cyn. off Soledad Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, May 5, 1973, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at high point of E. Table Mt., Wrightwood area, R.G. Swinney, July 2, 1998; Apr.-July; rare; transmontane, montane

FVS: June 15, 1921, F.W. Peirson, trail from Pine Flats to Chilao

SBCo.: near summit of peak s.e. of Oak Spring Ranch, s. of Pinon Hills, May 27, 1996, 6140 ft. (1872 m.)

Other records:

W.R. Bowen, Cajon Cyn., 7 mi. e. of US 395 on State Hwy. 138, May 1, 1962, 3798 ft. (1158 m.); I.W. Clokey, w. of Cajon Pass, May 15, 1935, (3936 ft.

(1200 m.)

FVS: May 15, 1935

Cryptantha pterocarya (Torr.) Greene, Wingnut Cryptantha

LACo.: From 2720 ft. (829 m.), at Soledad Cyn. Wash, c. 1/2 mile e. of Acton, T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., Apr. 30, 1991, to 6580 ft. (2006 m.), at Juniper Hills, top of Pleasant View Ridge, s. of jct. of 104th St. East & Juniper Hills Rd., R.G. Swinney, June 16, 2001; Mar.-June, uncommon; transmontane

FVS: June 4, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Rock Cr., n. slope of San Gab. Mts., 5550 ft. (1692 m.)

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, e. of Oak Spring Cyn., ridge imm. s. of Desert Fron Rd.,

June 2, 1995, 5481 ft. (1671 m.); Baldy Mesa, 1.3 miles n.e. of Hwy. 138 on USFS Rd. 3N24, 100-300 meters n.w. of where 3N24 crosses ridgetop near Nuss Ranch, June 3, 1995, 4622 ft. (1409 m.)

Other records:

Michael Denslow, et. al., Heath Cyn, outside Wrightwood, June 2, 2003, 6399 ft. (1951 m.); S.D. White, near Cajon Pass, n.w. of jct. of I-15 & Hwy. 138, c. 1 air mile w. of I-15., 1 air mile, n. of Hwy. 138

FVS: June 3, 1995

Cryptantha pterocarya (Torr.) Greene var. pterocarya, Wingnut Cryptantha

LACo.: Robert F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, 3.2 miles s. of Hwy. 138, along Grandview Cyn. Rd., Apr. 20, 1973, 4198 ft. (1280 m.); Alimony Ridge, jct. of Alimony Ridge & Alimony Ridge Rd. and to 0.5 miles n.w. up ridge, _______ May 12, 2009, 4707 ft. (1435 m); R.F. Thorne, et. al., c. 3 mi. s. of Pearblossom, near jct. of Valyermo & Pearblossom Rds., May 1, 1970, 3798 ft. (1158 m.)

FVS: May 1, 1970

SBCo.: Pinon Hills area, 0.7 mi. s. of Hwy 138 at Beekley Rd., s. of Yucca Inn between Horse Cyn. & Sheep Cr., May 1, 1995, 4861 ft. (1482 m.)

Other records: None found.

Cryptantha pterocarya (Torr.) Greene var. purpusii Jeps., Purpus’ Cryptantha, Wingnut Cryptantha

LACo.: LeRoy Gross, Ridgeline to Mt. Emma,& cyn. s. of the ridge., w. from Mt. Emma, Apr., 28, 2005 , 4051 ft.(1235 m.); R.F. Thorne, J.P. Simon, et al., c. 3 miles s. of Pearblossom near jct. of Valyermo & Pearblossum Rds., May 1, 1970, c. 3800 ft. (1158 m.)

FVS: May 1, 1970

SBCo.: No records found.

Cryptantha racemosa (S. Watson) Greene, Bushy or Shrubby Cryptantha

LACo.: I.M. Johnson, Claremont Campus by Harwood Hall, May 15, 1918,

1200 ft. (366 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

+Cryptantha similis Mathew & R.H. Raven, Dome or Desert Cryptantha

LACo.: e. side of Big John Pk., June 5, 1999, 5380 ft. (1780 m.); Bob’s Gap near Lime Kilm Ruins, e. side of road, Apr. 18, 2001, 4080 ft. (1244 m.); Big John Flat along E. Fork of Boulder Cyn., June 18, 1999, 5520 ft. (1683 m.); lower Boulder Cyn. Wash, 0.6 mi. s. of Ft. Tejon Rd., (Ave. Y) on 213th St. East, Apr. 5, 1999, 3959 ft. (1207 m.); Graham Cyn., 2.4 mi. s. of Ft. Tejon Rd., c. 200 meters n. of Mescal Highlands, May 1, 1999, 4398 ft. (1341 m.)

Other records:

T.S. Ross, Soledad Cyn. Wash, c. 1/2 mile e. of Acton, Apr. 30, 1991, 2719 ft. (829 m.); Peter (Kamb) Ray, above Little Rock, San Gab. Mts., May 6, 1948, 3198 ft. (975 m.)

FVS: May 6, 1948

SBCo.: near summit of peak s.e. of Oak Spring Ranch, s. of Pinon Hills, May, 27, 1996, (1872 m.); Sheep Cr., near Pinon Hills, 0.8 mi. s. of Hwy 138 at Scrub Oak Rd. & 70-300 m. w. of Scrub Oak Rd., Apr. 5, 1995, 4579 ft. (1396 m.); Controversy Spring, c. 0.4 mi. s. of Hwy 138, Cajon Cyn., May 1, 1995, 4559 ft. (1390 m.); Horse Cyn., n.w. of Circle Mt., 100-200 m. e. of State Hwy 2, c. 200 ft. s. of Horse Cyn. Rd.(FS Road 3N12), June 12, 1994, 4999 ft. (1524 m.); upper Cajon Cyn., c. 1 mi. s.e. of Controversy Spring & c. 1 mi. s. of Hwy 138, c. 1.5 mi. SSE of Mt. Top Jct., Apr. 29, 1994, 4520 ft. (1378 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Apr. 29, 1994

Cryptantha simulans Greene, Pine or Pinewoods Cryptantha

LACo.: From 3746 ft. (1142 m.), at So. Calif. transmission line tower (Seg. 6, structure 23 per TRTP Survey 2008), vic. of Aliso Cyn., w. of Angeles Crest Hwy., Orlando MIstretta & Christina Mistretta, Apr. 16, 2008 to 6999 ft. (2134 m.) on s.w. side of Mt. Waterman, L.C. Wheeler, July 15, 1967 and at summit of Table Mt. above Big Pines Ranger Station, R.F. Thorne, July 9, 1969 and R.G. Swinney, w. of Wrightwood, Blue Ridge Trail area, 0.2 miles s.e. of Hwy. 2 at Blue Ridge Trail, June 25, 1997;Apr.-July; fairly common; transmontane, montane, cismontane at s. side of Devil’s Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, May 30, 1968, 4599 ft. (1402 m.)

FVS: June 1, 1900, H.M. Hall, Swarthout Cyn., 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

SBCo.: From 4080 ft. (1244 m.) at Spring Hill area, n. of Stoddard Flats, R.G. Swinney, July 20, 1995, to 7000 ft. (2134 m.) above Big Pines Ranger Station, R.F. Thorne, July 9, 1969; May-July; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: June 1-3, 1900, H.M. Hall, Lytle Creek Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 5747 ft. (1752 m.)

FVS: June 1-3, 1900

Emmenanthe penduliflora Benth., Whispering Bells

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 1.2 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., Azusa/Duarte, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 31, 2009, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at E. Table Mt. Summit, Wrightwood area, R.G. Swinney, July 2, 1998; Mar., May, July, Aug.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: May, 1897, Thekla Mohr, Eaton Cyn.

SBCo.: From 2749 ft. (838 m.), at Cajon Pass, mouth of Lone Pine Cyn., Swarthout Cyn. Rd., c. 1.8 road miles s. of Cleghorn Rd., w. of I-215 Frwy., where RR tracks cross road for first time, c. 0.4 road miles s.w. of jct. of Cajon Blvd. & Swarthout Cyn. Rd., A. Pitzer, May 5, 1995, to 4779 ft. (1457 m.), at Upper Lytle Cr. Ridge, 2. 9 miles w. of FS Road 2N56, on Sheep Cr. Road, R.G. Swinney, June 18, 1993; Apr.-July; uncommon; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: May 16, 1903, Marcus E. Jones, San Gab. Mts. Region, Cajon Pass,

3802 ft. (1159 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Emmenanthe penduliflora Benth. var. penduliflora, Whispering Bells

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., Azusa/Duarte, 1.2 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., burn area of 2008, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 31, 2009, to

7200 ft. (2195 m.), at W. Blue Ridge, Big Pines Park, B.C. Templeton, Aug. 26, 1932; Apr.-Aug., Oct.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: May 26, 1918, P.A. Munz, Claremont, near mouth of Live Oak Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: From 2600 ft. (793 m.), at Cucamonga Cyn., along truck trail, R.F. Thorne, June 9, 1971, to 4700 ft. (1433 m.), near San Sevaine Cow Camp, R.F. Thorne, July 7, 1971; May-July, Sep.; uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: July 10, 1927, L.E. Hoffman, San Gab. Mts. region, Swartout Cyn., no elev. given

Eriodictyon crassifolium Benth., Thickleaf Yerba Santa

Vars. intergrade +/- distinguished by stem, leaf hairs.

LACo.: Kay H. Beach, on Woods Trail, upper part, Lewis Paul Cyn., May 11, 1943, no elev. given; Benjamin C. Stone, above San Gabriel Dam, Mar. 9, 1953, 2896 ft. (883 m.);

John Dittes, Big Tujunga Cyn., c. 3.7 air-miles n.e. of Verdugo Hills High School, c. 2.5 air-miles s.w. of Condor Pk., c. 2.5 air-miles SSE of Mt. Mckinley, slope above Trail Cyn. Cr., n. of Big Tujunga Rd. ____1732 ft. (528 m.); A.C. Sanders & D. Malueg, Aliso Cyn., under SCE Mesa-Vincent powerline pole, 3-4, just below confl with Beartrap Cyn., June 22, 1998, 3300 ft. (1006 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Johnson Pasture (Johnson’s Pastures-added 2010), near old gravel pits, (vicinity of Claremont), July 22, 1931, 1575 ft. (480 m.)

FVS: May, 1897, Thekla Mohr, Sierra Madre, San Gab. Mts.

SBCo.: No records found.

+Eriodictyon crassifolium Benth. var. crassifolium , Thickleaf Yerba Santa

LACo.: Topperberg, San Antonio Cyn., n. of Pomona, June 1961, no elev. given; Arthur C. Gibson & Linda Gibson, edges of Big Tujunga Wash below Juvenile Det. Camp, Mar. 11, 1972, no elev. givenRimo Bocigalupi ( with Reino Alava), c. 2 miles above Red Box Gap (along Angeles Cr. National Hwy. (Calif. No. 2), on s.-facing slope of Valley Forge Cyn. trib. of W. Fork San Gabriel River, July 21, 1958, 4648 ft. (1417 m Kenneth A. Wilson, Placerita Cyn. Road, c. 2 miles e. of Hwy 6, May 10, 1962, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Kagel Cyn., Apr. 8, 1973, 1948 ft. (594 m.); L.R. Abrams, Little Santa Anita Cyn., July 1, 1902, no elev. given

FVS: Jully 1, 1902

SBCo.: No records found.

+Eriodictyon crassifolium Benth. var. nigrescens Brand, Bicolored or Thickleaf Yerba Santa

LACo.: From 741 ft. (226 m.), Azusa, 0.7 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., on n. side of Hwy. 39, near rd. shoulder, R.G. Swinney, June 12, 2009, to 3749 ft. (1143 m.), at Santiago Cyn., Orlando Mistretta, Steve Boyd, et al., Apr. 29, 1994; Jan.-Aug.; fairly common; cismontane, transmontane

FVS: Mar. 1916, Fordyce Grinnell Jr., Arroyo Seco Cyn.

SBCo.: No records found.

+Eriodictyon parryi (A. Gray) Greene, Sticky Poodle-dog Bush, Common Turricula

[synonym: Turricula parryi (A. Gray) J.F. Macbr.] Often the dominant plant for the first 3 years following wildfires.

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1000 ft. (305 m.), n. of Hwy. 39 & E. of Roberts Cyn., Sandy Leatherman, July 1, 1998, to 7997 ft. (2438 m.), road up to Mt. San Antonio, H. & M. Dearing, July 18, 1937; May-Oct.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: June 28, 1897, J.F. Barber, Kentucky Springs

SBCo.: From 2250 ft. (686 m.), at 1/4 mile n.w. of n. end of Saphire St., along road which becomes Cucamonga Truck Trail, n.e. of Ontario, J.D. Olmsted, Apr. 21, 1959, to 6849 ft. (2088 m.), at Coldwater Cyn., along Mt. Baldy Rd., (off N. Fork Lytle Cr.), L.C. Wheeler, July 10, 1968; Apr.-Oct., abundant locally after fire; all 4 sections

FVS: July 29, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Middle Fk. Lytle Cr., San Antonio Mts.,

6747 ft. (2057 m.)

Eriodictyon trichocalyx A. Heller, Smoothleaf Yerba Santa

LACo.: From 561 ft. (171 m.), 300 yards n. of Hwy. 66, in Irwindale, c. 500 yds. e. of San Gabriel River channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 5, 1969, to 7544 ft.

(2300 m.), along Hwy. 2, between Big Pines & Wrightwood, Almit G. Jones, Aug. 21, 1986; Mar.-Aug., Nov., Dec.; common; all 3 sections

FVS: June 10, 1918, F.W. Peirson, Mt. Lowe, 5196 ft. (1584 m.)

SBCo.: From 1500-2000 ft. (457-610 m.), at w. side of Cucamonga Cyn., c. 608 (6.8 or 6 or 8) miles n.e. of Upland, Stuart Mckinnon, May 1, 1948, to 8561 ft.

(2610 m.), at Ontario Peak, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 14, 1995; Apr.-Aug., Nov.; common; near transmontane at Circle Mt., montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June 23, 1928, M.N. Ackley, San Bernardino Mts., Cajon to Wrightwood, 4995 ft. (1523 m.)

+Eriodictyon trichocalyx A. Heller var. trichocalyx, Hairy Yerba Santa

LACo.: From 1100 ft. (+/- 50 ft. )(335 m.), at Big Tujunga Wash, Sunland-Tujunga area, alluvial fan below San Gabriel Mts., s. of I-210 Frwy., e. of Hansen Dam, & N. of Wentworth St., Scott D. White, May 15, 1997, to 8400 ft. (256 m.), at Cucamonga Wilderness, Big Horn Pk., R.G. Swinney, July 8, 1994; Apr.-Nov.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: June 12, 1892, Anstruther Davidson, Wilson Pk.

SBCo.: From 2250 ft. (686 m.), at 1/4 mile n.w. of n. end of Saphire St., along road which becomes Cucamonga Truck Trail, n.e. of Ontario, J.D. Olmsted, Apr. 2, 1959, to 6901 ft. (2104 m.), at w. summit of Sugarloaf Pk., s. of parking lot of Icehouse Cyn., R.G. Swinney, June 18, 1997; Apr.-Aug., fairly common; near transmontane at Controversy Spring, montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June 16, 1918, S.B. Parish, mouth of Icehouse Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 4995 ft. (1523 m.)

Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia (Benth.) Greene, Eucrypta, Spotted Hideseed

LACo.: Lodi Cyn., SDEF, n. of San Dimas, w. of San Dimas Reservoir, Apr. 10, 2008, 1519 ft. (463 m.); mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., between I-210 Fwy. and Foothill Blvd., Azusa/Irwindale, 200-300 meters e. of San Gabriel River Channel, Feb. 20, 2009, 581 ft. (177 m.)

Other records:

T.B. Salvato & Sandra Murcia, Santa Anita Reservoir, proposed 4-acre sediment placement site, e. side of channel, c. 0.4 miles s. of Elkins Ave. entrance gate, Mar. 28, 2007, 2099 ft. (640 m.); Paul Neipp, directly w. of San Dimas Ranger Station, on San Dimas Cyn. Road, Apr. 21, 1994, no elev. given; C.F. Baker, San Gab. Mts. region, Monrovia, no elev. given; Lyman Benson, Indian Hill, Claremont, Mar. 29, 1946, 1400 ft. (427 m.)

FVS: Mar. 29, 1946

SBCo.: E. Crow, Cajon Pass, Apr. 18, 1928, no elev. given

Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia (Benth.) Greene var. chrysanthemifolia, Eucrypta, Spotted Hideseed

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1250 ft. (381 m.), below entrance to wooded area of San Dimas Cyn., near San Dimas Cr., R.F. Thorne, Apr. 9, 1971, to 2500 ft. (762 m.), at N. Forkk. of San Gabriel River, F.W. Peirson, June 20, 1921; Feb., Apr.-June; fairly common; cismontane

FVS: Mar. 25, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, San Dimas, 1998 ft. (609 m.)

SBCo.: s. side of the mouth of Lytle Creek Cyn., c. 100 meters n. of Devore Rd. & 0.8 miles s.w. of Sierra Ave. & Lytle Cr. Road jct., Mar. 15, 1993, 1860 ft.

(567 m.)

Other records:

Gerald L. Benny, Day Cyn., burned 1970, Apr. 21, 1971, 2800 ft. (854 m.)

FVS: Apr. 21, 1971

Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl., Fragrant or Clasping Heliotrope

Native to Argentina.

LACo.: Scott D. White, n. of Claremont, n. side of Mt. Baldy Rd. near jct. with Padua Ave., Aug. 1, 2001, 1800 ft. (549 m.); Adelina Munoz, San Dimas, Sycamore Cyn., behind San Dimas Cyn. Park., May 14, 1988, 1000 ft. (365 m.); Richard Noyes & L. Arnseth, Claremont, dry drainage-bed 100 meters e. of Thompson Cr. Dam., Apr. 30, 1988, 1640 ft.; (500 m.); Steve Boyd, base of San Gab. Mts. at Padua Hills, just e. of mouth of San Antonio Cyn., Feb. 3, 1990, no elev. given; P.A. Munz, established on vacant lots at Padua Hills, 3 mi. n. of Claremont, Sep. 5, 1954, 1600 ft. (487 m.)

FVS: Sep. 5, 1954

SBCo.: No records found.

Heliotropium curassavicum L. var. oculatum (A. Heller) I.M. Johnst., Alkali or Seaside Heliotrope

LACo.: From 800 ft. (244 m.), at Roberts Cyn., 0.4-0.7 miles n. of San Gabriel Cyn., R.G. Swinney, June 24, 2008, to 5150 ft. (1569 m.), at Caldwell Lake, L.C. Wheeler, Aug. 28, 1946 and R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., Caldwell Lake near Valyermo (Sag Pond on the San Andreas Fault), July 20, 1972 May-Sep.; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: May 27, 1923, F.W. Peirson, Pallett Cr., 3592 ft. (1095 m.)

SBCo.: Lost Lake, Lone Pine Cyn., Oct. 19, 1991, 2781 ft. (848 m.), also L.C. Wheeler, Oct. 1, 1933; c. 0.6 mi. s.w. of jct. of Swarthout Cyn. Road & Cajon Road, Aug. 12, 1996, 2640 ft. (805 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn., Sep. 16, 1967, 3050 ft. (930 m.)

FVS: Sep. 16, 1967

Nama californicum (A. Gray) Bacon, California Fiddleleaf

LACo.: From 2998 ft. (914 m.), at Arraster (Arrastre-added 2011), F.W. Peirson, May 10, 1919, to 5799 ft. (1768 m.), at Bare Mt. Cyn. near summit of Bae (Bare-added 2011) Mt. on n. ridge, Orlando Mistretta, May 23, 1995; May, June; rare; transmontane, cismontane at Coldwater Cyn. off Big Tujunga, L.C. Wheeler, June 13, 1948, 3300 ft. (1005 m.) and F.W. Peirson, at Tujunga Cyn., west end of San Gab. Mts., June 14, 1921, 4100 ft. (1250 m.)

FVS: May 10, 1919, Frank W. Peirson, San Gab. Mts., Arraster (Arrastre-added 2012), 2998 ft. (914 m.)

SBCo.: Marcus E. Jones, San Gab. Mts. Region, Cajon Pass, May 16, 1903, 3802 ft. (1159 m.) (this seems to be the only location collected that day-added 2009); F.W. Peirson, Cajon Pass, May 29, 1921, no elev. given; S.B. Parish & W.F. Parish, near summit, Cajon Pass (In that year, 2 summits existed, the E. summit is in the San Bernardino Mts.), May, 1881, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May, 1881

Nama demissum A. Gray, Purplemat

LACo.: Mescal Highlands, 1 mile s. of Ft. Tejon Rd. & 237th St. jct., May 16, 1998, 3395 ft. (305 m.); Valyermo area, Bob’s Gap, near Limekiln ruins, on e. side of rd., Apr. 18, 2001, 4080 ft. (1244 m.)

Other records:

Robert Gustafson & G.D. Wallace, Bob’s Gap Rd., c. 3.5 miles s. of jct. of Pearblossom Hwy., Apr. 26, 1982, c. 3200’s ft.; R.F. Thorne, 1 miles w. of L.A. Co. line on Route 138, c. 2 miles w. of Desert Springs, May 15, 1963, c. 4000’s (ft.-added 2010) (just n. of E. San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Apr. 26, 1982, Robert Gustafson & G.D. Wallace, Bob’s Gap Rd., c. 3.5 miles s. of jct. with Pearblossom Hwy., c. 3200 ft. (975 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Nama demissum A. Gray var. demissum, Purplemat

(synonym: Nama demissum A. Gray var. deserti Brand)

LACo.: Lower Boulder Cyn. Wash, 0.6 miles s. of Ft. Tejon Rd. (Ave. Y) on 213th Street East, Apr. 5, 1999, 3959 ft. (1207 m.)

Other records:

Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et. al., Bob’s Gap at s. edge of Gap on slopes, roadsides and in wash, May 6, 2005, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, 3.2 miles s. of Hwy. 138 along Grandview Cyn. Road, Apr. 20, 1973, 4200 ft. (1280 m.); LeRoy Gross, Orlando Mistretta, et al., Big Rock Cr., n. & e. of Valyermo Ranger Station, off Big Pines Hwy., May 13, 2003, 3750 ft. (1143 m.); LeRoy Gross, w. terminus of Holiday Ridge, w. of Big Rock Cr. (Wash-added 2010), along n.e. side of hill, n. of Fort Tejon Rd., w. of Valyermo Rd., May 3, 2005, 3559 ft. (1085 m.); Christopher Davidson, 1 mile s. of Littlerock, Apr. 1, 1973, 2500 ft. (761 m.); N.C. Cooper, Little Rock, Apr. 21, 1948, 2499 ft.

(762 m.); F.W. Peirson, Little Rock Cr., May 19, 1921, 3398 ft. (1036 m.)

FVS: May 19, 1921

SBCo.: H.M. Hall, San Antonio Mts. (desert side), June 1899, 6698 ft. (2042 m.)

Nemophila menziesii Hook. & Arn. Baby Blue Eyes

Highly variable, vars. intergrade.

LACo.: From 1350 ft. (412 m.), 2 miles n. Claremont, L.C. Wheeler, Mar. 25, 1932, to 4700 ft. (1433 m.), at San Sevaine Cow Camp (w. of Lytle Cr.), Kirt Taylor, May 27, 1976; Mar.-May; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: Feb. 10, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Claremont, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

SBCo.: From 2001 ft. (610 m.), at mouth of Day Cyn. at n. end of Etiwanda Ave., Oak Summit Project, John Wear & Nathan Moorhatch, Apr. 20, 1994, to 4700 ft. (1433 m.), at San Sevaine Cow Camp, (w. of) Lytle Cr., Kirk Taylor, May 27, 1976; Mar.-May; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: May 16, 1903, Marcus E. Jones, San Gab. Mts. Region, Cajon Pass,

3802 ft. (1159 m.)

Nemophila menziesii Hook. & Arn. var. integrifolia Parish, Baby Blue Eyes

LACo.: From 900 ft. (274 m.), at Fish Cyn.,(n. of Duarte/Azusa-added 2010), R.F. Thorne, May 22, 1971, to 4995 ft. (1523 m.), at head of Arrastre Cyn., Joseph Andorpher Ewan, May 29, 1932 and at 5000 ft. (1524 m.), Joseph A. Ewan, ridge e. of Mt. Gleason, May 29, 1932; Mar.-June; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: July 11, 1902, L.R. Abrams, Little Santa Anita Cyn., 2998-3998 ft. (914-1219 m.)

SBCo.: From 2040 ft. (622 m.), at (Glen Helen Regional Park), n.w. end of Muscupiabe, L.C. Wheeler, May 9, 1968, to 5560 ft. (1695 m.), at Upper Lytle Cr. Ridge, above Lone Pine Cyn., 1.4 miles s. of Lone Pine Rd. on FS Road 3N31, at first switch back, c. 50-1500 meters s. of rd., R.G. Swinney, May 28, 1995; Apr.- July; uncommon; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Apr. 1, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Cyn., 3000 ft. (915 m.)

+Nemophila menziesii Hook. & Arn. var. menziesii, Baby Blue Eyes

LACo.: From 1400 ft. (427 m.), at cyn. n. of Webb School, e. of Liveoak Cyn., G.R. Campbell, Mar. 23, 1952, to 4959 ft. (1512 m.), at 100 meters e. of mouth of Mescal Cyn., in Mescal Heights area, 50 meters e. of 237th St. East, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 14, 1998 (also det. as N. menziesii var. integrifolia); Feb.-May; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: Apr. 26, 1925, Edwin Kline, Arroyo Seco, San Gab. Mts., no elev. given

SBCo.: Pinon Hills area at Sheep Cr., 0.9 miles s. of Hwy. 138 at Scrub Oak Rd., Mar. 25, 1995, 4520 ft. (1378 m.); Lower Lytle Cr. Divide, 0.7 miles n.e. of jct. of Applewhite Rd. & FS Rd. 3N31, Apr. 3, 1995, 3401 ft. (1037 m.); Glen Helen Regional Park, c. 600 meters s. of Blockbuster Pavilion plarking area, between motorcycle racetrack & n. parking area, Apr. 15, 1995, 2000 ft. (610 m.); w. of Cajon Wash & s. of Hwy. 138, c. 1 mile SSW of Cajon Jct., off FS Rd. 3N49, Apr. 29, 1995, 3100 ft. (945 m.); 1.1 miles w. of Glen Helen Rd. on FS Rd. 3N31 (Applewhite Rd.), Apr. 5, 1994, 2319 ft. (707 m.); jct. of Lone Pine Cyn. & Cajon Cyn., c. 100 meters w. of Cajon Wash, Apr. 8, 1994, 2699 ft. (823 m.l); “flats”, immed. s. of Spring Hill, w. of FS Rd. 2N04, Apr. 7, 1995, 4000 ft. (1220 m.)

Other records:

I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Cyn., Apr. 1, 1917, 3000 ft. (915 m.); Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 2, 1971, c. 2600 ft. (793 m.); Barry Burnell, Lytle Cr. Rd., 0.5 miles above Pennstock Firebreak, May 9, 1971, 2600 (ft.) (793 m.)

FVS: Apr. 16, 1947, Lyman Benson, San Gab. Mts. Region, edge of Mojave Desert, 10 miles n.w. of Cajon, 4600 ft. (1402 m.)

Nemophila parviflora Douglas ex Benth., Smallflower Nemophyla

LACo.: Peter Kamb, near Sunset Ridge-Millard’s Cyn., May 25, 1947, 2198 ft. (670 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Nemophila pedunculata Douglas ex Benth., Littlefoot Nemophila

LACo.: W.M. Gauntt, Glendora Mt. Rd., 0.5 miles past fork to Mt. Baldy, Apr. 16, 1966, 3000 ft. (915 m.); Kelly & David Middleton, Glendora Ridge Rd., 4.4 miles n. of Glendora Mt. Rd. & Sierra Madre Blvd. in Glendora, May 8, 1988, 4000 ft. (1220 m.); Valerie Soza & L. Moore, Upper Winter Cr. Trail, June 30, 1999,

2801 ft. (854 m.); LeRoy Gross, ridgeline to Mt. Emma & cyn. south of this ridge, w. from Mt. Emma (n.w. trending ridge, lower part of ridgeline starts to turn s.w.) e. of Mt. Emma Rd., Apr. 28, 2005, 4051 ft. (1235 m.); Cameron Blake, off Angeles Crest Hwy., c. 5 miles n. of La Canada, June 2, 1962, 2600 ft. (793 m.); M.B. Bunkle, San Antonio Cyn., June 17, 1933, no elev. given

FVS: June 17, 1933

SBCo.: No records found.

Nemophila pulchella Eastw., Eastwood’s Baby Blue Eyes

LACo.: L.M. Mayer, Big Tujunga Cyn. Road, c. 1 mile e. of jct. with Mt. Gleason Blvd., c. 1 1/2 mi. from Tujunga, Apr. 5, 1974, no elev. given; L.M. Mayer, 50 ft. from road in Big Tujunga Cyn., c. 5 miles n.e. from the jct. of Foothill Blvd. & Mt. Gleason Avenue, Apr. 21, 1973, 1797 ft. (548 m.);

FVS: Apr. 21, 1973

SBCo.: No records found.

+Nemophila pulchella Eastw. ssp. gracilis (Eastw.) Constance, Eastwood’s Baby Blue Eyes

LACo.: Paul Currie, vic. Altadena (Millard Cyn.), summer, 1969, 1998 ft.

(609 m.) (also det. as N. pulchella var. pulchella)

SBCo.: No records found.

Nemophila spatulata Coville, Sierra Baby Blue Eyes

LACo.: Pine Mt. n. of Azusa, June 19, 2000, 4540 ft. (1384 m.); with Dave Larson, upper Fern Cyn., SDEF, from Fern Dam # 1 to # 3, n.e. of Brown’s Flat,July 21, 1999, 4720 ft. (1439 m.)

Other records:

L.R. Heckard, n.w. Chilao Flat (near Horse Flat Cmpgrd.), May 25, 1971, 5596 ft. (1706 m.)

FVS: May 25, 1971

SBCo.: Phil Lindeman, Lone Pine Cyn., Lone Pine Cyn. Road, 2 mi. from US 395, May 9, 1969, no elev. given

Pectocarya linearis (Ruiz & Pav.) DC. ssp. ferocula (I.M. Johnst.) Thorne, Slender Combseed, Sagebrush Combseed

CA; Baja CA, Mex. & s. S. America; uncommon throughout, clearings, roadsides, grassy areas

LACo.: From 581 ft. (177 m.); at mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., between I-210 Fwy. & Foothill Blvd., Azusa/Irwindale, 200-300 meters e. of San Gabriel River Channel, R.G. Swinney, Feb.20, 2009, to 4700 ft. (1433 m.) at n. end of Bob’s Gap, near Valyermo, Sula Vanderplank, May 6, 2005; Mar.-May; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane at San Gabriel Cyn., & Johnson’s Pastures

FVS: Mar. 28, 1918, P.A. Munz, wash near Palmer’s Cyn.

SBCo.: From 1801 ft. (549 m.) at Rancho Cucamonga, bajada at e. foot of mts. between Beryl Ave. & Hellman Ave., 3 mi. n. of Foothill, Scott D. White, Mar. 16, 1998, to 6871 ft. (2095 m.) at Swarthout Cyn., H.M. Hall, June 3-6, 1900; Mar.-June; rare; montane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June 3-6, 1900

Pectocarya penicillata (Hook. & Arn.) A.DC., Northern Pectocarya, Sleeping Combseed

LACo.: From 551 ft. (168 m.), at City of Irwindale, near jct. of Foothill Blvd & Irwindale Ave., between gravel Pit & the San Gabriel River channel, to 5199 ft. (1585 m.), Sulphur Springs Cmpgrd. area, S. Fork Littlerock Cr., May 28, 2009,

Feb.-May; rare, tramsmontane, cismontane

FVS: Apr. 26, 1929, R. Hoffman, Soledad Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: From 2099 ft. (640 m.) at Lytle Cr. Wash, just s. of Glenn (Glen-added 2010) Helen Pkwy., NNW of I-215, c. 0.5 mi. e. of Sierra Ave., B. Pitzer, et al., Mar. 8, 1997, to 5599 ft. (1707 m.), at Sheep Cr., n.e. of Wrightwood, Swarthout Valley, LeRoy Gross & Valerie Soza, June 9, 2003; Mar.-June; fairly common; transmontane, montane at Swarthout Cyn., H.M. Hall, June 3-6, 1900, 6796 ft. (2072 m.), cismontane at w. side of Lytle Cr. Canyon Rd., near the Hitching Ranch, 200 meters n. of FS Rd. 2N79, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 25, 1993, 2608 ft. (795 m.)

FVS: June 3-6, 1900, H.M. Hall, Swarthout Cyn., 6796 ft. (2072 m.)

Pectocarya recurvata I.M. Johnst., Arched-nut Pectocarya, Curvenut Combseed

LACo.: Scott D. White & Kent Hughes, near Acton, bajada slopes and unnamed ephemeral tributary to Arrastre Cyn., May 16, 2000, 3201 ft. (976 m.); T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., 0.6 miles e. of Acton, s. edge of Soledad Cyn., Wash, Apr. 30, 1991, 2760-2880 ft. (841-878 m.)

FVS: Apr. 30, 1991

SBCo.: James Henrickson, San Gab. Mts., c. 12 air miles n.w. of San Bernardino in lower Lytle Cr. Wash, c. 2-4 miles n. of l-15 Frwy., May 1, 1985, 2400-2800 ft. (738-854 m.)

Pectocarya setosa A. Gray, Round-nut Pectocarya, Moth Combseed

LACo.: From 2760-2880 ft. (841-878 m.), at 0.6 miles ESE of Acton, s. edge of Soledad Cyn. Wash, T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., Apr. 30, 1991, to 5199 ft. (1585 m.), at dry, open sandy, chaparral of Pinyon Flats, 1.6 mi. below Alder Saddle along dry branch of S. Fk. of Little Rock Cr., R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, June 30, 1971; Mar.-June; uncommon; transmontane

FVS: June 1902, A.D.E. Elmer, Acton, Mt. Gleason, 2719 ft. (829 m.)

SBCo.: Sheep Cr. near Pinon Hills, 0.2 i. s. of Hwy 138 at Scrub Oak Rd., May 1, 1995, 4441 ft.(1354 m.); Pinon Hills, 2.2 mi. s. of Hwy 138 & c. 50 m. e. of Green Rd., June 20, 1996, 4940 ft. (1506 m.); Baldy Mesa, c. 2 mi. n.w. of Cajon Summit, 4.2 mi. w. of 215 Fry, June 26, 1995, 4648 ft. (1402 m.); upper Cajon Cyn., c. 1 mile, s.e. of Controversy Spring, c. 1 mi. s. of Hwy 138; Horse Cyn., n.e. of Wrightwood, 150 m. w. of Hwy 2, June 12, 1994,

(1468 m.)

Other records:

S.D. White, Cajon Pass, n.w. of jct. of I-15 & Hwy. 138, c. 1 air mi. w. of I-15, 1 air mi. n. of Hwy 138, May 13, 2000, 3401 ft. (1037 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Controversy Spring, May 9, 1968, 4549 ft. (1387 m.); Scott D. White, Cajon Pass, Cajon Wash, just s. of Hwy 138 crossing, Apr. 11, 1997, 2900 ft. (884 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, Mormon Rocks & Cajon Cyn., Apr. 20 1973, 3401 ft. (1037 m.); H.M. Hall, San Antonio Mts., Lytle Creek Cyn., 4497 ft. (1371 m.)

FVS: June 103, 1900

Phacelia affinis A. Gray, Limestone Scorpionweed (Phacelia)

LACo.: Orlando Mistretta, Santiago Cyn., canyon & slopes decending w. slope of Santiago Cyn., c. 1 mile s.w. of confl. with Little Rock Cr., Apr. 11, 1995, 3600 ft. (1098 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Oak Spring, Oak Spring Cyn., off Little Tujunga, July 01, 1968, 2601 ft. (793 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Arraster (Arrastre-added 2011) Creek, May 10, 1919, 3473 ft. (914 m.);

FVS: May 10, 1919

SBCo.: s.w. of Cajon Summit, c. 200 meters s. of south-bound I-215 Frwy. (now I-15 Frwy.-added 2010), at FS Rd. 3N53, Apr. 13, 1996, 3578 ft. (1091 m.)

Other records: None found.

Phacelia austromontana J. Howell, Southern Sierra Phacelia

LACo.: From 5996 ft. (1828 m.), at S. Fork Rock Cr., F.W. Peirson, June 02, 1928, to 9000 ft. (2744 m.), at Mt. San Antonio, Devil’s Backbone, R.F. Thorne, June 12, 1971; May-Sep.; rare; transmontane, montane

FVS: June 7, 1906, Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock Cr. at Lowell Mines, 7000 ft. (2296 m.)

SBCo.: From 5960 ft. (1817 m.), at 1.6 miles n. of jct. of FS Road 3N33 & 3N06, N. Fork Lytle Cr., due w. of Shade Cmpgrd., R.G. Swinney, June 24, 1993, to 8997 ft. (2743 m.), at Devil’s Backbone, I.M. Johnston, July 4, 1917; May-July; rare; montane

FVS: June 1-3, 1900, H.M. Hall, Lytle Creek Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 6196 ft. (1889 m.)

Phacelia bicolor S. Watson var. bicolor, Twocolor Phacelia

LACo.: A.D.E. Elmer, Acton, (possibly just n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary), June 1902, no elev. given

SBCo.: Marion P. Harthill, Wrightwood, May 22, 1972, 4300’s (ft.-added 2010)

Phacelia brachyloba (Benth.) A. Gray, Shortlobe Phacelia

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at Azusa, San Gabriel River near Van Tassell Cyn. confl., 1.2 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. on e. side of El Encanto Pkwy., R.G. Swinney, May 9, 2009, to 5080-5760 ft. (1548-1756 m.), at e.-w. ridge, c. 1400 meters n. of Mt. Gleason, ridge separating the hdwtrs. of Arrastre Cyn. from upper west trib. of Gleason Cyn., T.S. Ross, June 4, 1990; Apr.-Sep.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: June 12, 1892, Anstruther Davidson, Wilson’s Trail

SBCo.: From 2600 ft. (793 m.), at Lytle Cr. Rd., 1/2 mile above Pennstock Firebreak, Barry Burne, May 9, 1971, to 4799 ft. (1463 m.), at end of Etiwanda Spur Rd., ridgetop between E. Etiwanda Cyn. & Henderson Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, June 14, 1968; Apr.-June; uncommon; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: May, 1880, Daniel Cleveland, Cajon Pass (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary) or May 30, 1918, L.T. Street, Lytle Creek Cyn., no elev. given

Phacelia californica Cham., California Phacelia

Intergrades with P. imbricata.

LACo.: V. Duran, Buckhorn, July 25, 1933, 6498 ft. (1981 m.)

SBCo.: M.N. Ackley, Wrightwood, June, 1929, 6196 ft. (1889 m.)

Phacelia campanularia A. Gray, Desertbells, Desert Bluebells

LACo.: Littlerock Cr., just below Littlerock Cr. Dam, trib. cyn. to the east, Apr. 24, 2009, 3280 ft. (1000 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: Alva Watry, Sheep Cyn., May 10, 1931, no elev. given.

Phacelia cicutaria Greene, Caterpillar Phacelia

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: upper Cajon Cyn., unnamed cyn. north of Circle Mt., s.e. of Controversy Spring, June 3, 1995, 4799 ft. (1463 m.)

Other records:

H.M. Hall, Sarthout Cyn., June, 1899, 6498 ft. (1981 m.)

FVS: June, 1899

Phacelia cicutaria Greene var. hispida (A. Gray) J. Howell, Caterpillar Phacelia

LACo.: From 630 ft. (192 m.), at Azusa/Duarte, San Gabriel Cyn. wash, 0.4-1 mile n. (upstream) of Puente Largo (Railway-added 2010) Bridge, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 21, 2009, to 6160 ft. (1878 m.), at Camp Verdugo Pines & vicinity, northerly draw draining to Jackson Lake, Tim Ross & Steve Boyd, June 18, 1990; Mar.-June, Aug., Dec.; abundant; all 3 sections

FVS: May 24, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Palmer’s Cyn., Claremont, 1998 ft.

(609 m.)

SBCo.: From 2070 ft. (631 m.), at c. 210 meters n. of Glen Helen Parkway, 0.9 miles e. of Lytle Cr. Road, R.G. Swinney, June 11, 1994, to 6498 ft. (1981 m.), at Swarthout Cyn., H.M. Hall, June 1899; Apr. Aug.; common; all 4 sections

FVS: June, 1899, H.M. Hall, Swarthout Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 6498 ft.

(1981 m.)

Phacelia cryptantha Greene, Limestone Phacelia, Hidden-flower Scorpion-weed or Phacelia

LACo.: From 3001 ft. (915 m.), at Littlerock Cr., 0.3 miles n.w. of Litlerock Cr. Cmpgrd., R.G. Swinney, Apr. 24, 2009, to 6580 ft. (2006 m.), at Juniper Hills, top of Pleasant View Ridge, s. of jct. of 104th St. E. & Juniper Hills Rd., R.G. Swinney, June 16, 2001; Apr.-June; rare; transmontane

FVS: May 25, 1923, P.A. Munz, Big Rock Cr., 4198 ft. (1280 m.)

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, at jct. of Desert Front Rd. (Oak Springs Ranch Rd.) & Oak Springs Ranch, June 29, 1995, 5320 ft. (1622 m.); upper Cajon Cyn., unnamed cyn. n. of Circle Mt., s.e. of Controversy Spring, June 3, 1995, 4800-6000 ft. (1463-1829 m.)

Other records:

Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, May 16, 1903, no elev. given

FVS: May 16, 1903

Phacelia curvipes S. Watson, Curve-stem Phacelia

LACo.: From 3200 ft. (976 m.), Bob’s Gap Rd. at c. 3.5 miles s. of jct. with Pearblossom, Robert Gustafson, Apr. 26, 1982, to 7478 ft. (2280 m.), n.w. of Wrightwood, w. half of Jackson Flat, R.G. Swinney, July 8, 1998; Apr.-Aug.; uncommon; transmontane, montane

FVS: June 7, 1906, Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock Creek, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 4002 ft. (1220 m.), at “flats” imm. s. of Spring Hill, w. of FS Rd. 2N04, (Barrett-Stoddard Truck Trail), n. of Stoddard Pk., R.G. Swinney, Apr. 1, 1995, to 8,954 ft. (2730 m.), at Telegraph Pk., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 11, 1994;

Mar.-Aug.; uncommon; transmontane, montane, rare in cismontane, n. slopes of Cajon Pass, F.W. Peirson, May 29, 1921, 3598 ft. (1097 m.) (possibly outside E. San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 17, 1920

Phacelia davidsonii A. Gray, Davidson’s Phacelia

LACo.: From 4000 ft. (1219 m.), at Kentucky Springs Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, Apr. 7, 1973, to 7902 ft. (2409 m.), at Hwy. 2, Big Pines in vicinity of Dawson Saddle, at mile marker 56.54, Kathy Harper, May 16, 1986; Mar.-Aug.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: May 25, 1896, A.J. McClatchie, Wilson’s Pk.

SBCo.: From 2300 ft. (701 m.), at jct. of Evey Cyn. with San Antonio Cyn., R.F. Thorne, May 29, 1969, to 8469 ft. (2582 m.), within 100 yards s.e. & n. of Wright Mt. Summit, R.G. Swinney, July 12, 1993; Apr.-July; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: June 1-3, 1900, H.M. Hall, Lytle Creek Cyn., 4995 ft. (1523 m.)

Phacelia distans Benth., Common Phacelia, Distant Phacelia

LACo.: From 551 ft. (168 m.), near jct. of Foothill Blvd. & Irwindale Ave., between gravel plit & San Gabriel River channel, L.F. Lapre & T. Mulroy, Apr. 7, 1986, to 6380 ft. (1945 m.), at Pinyon Ridge, 4.4 miles n. of Hwy. 2 at Vincent Gap, at Pinyon Ridge Mtwy., 1.6 miles w. of pk. 6535, R.G. Swinney, June 17, 2008; Feb.-June; common; transmontane, montane at Pinyon Ridge, R.G. Swinney, June 17, 2008, 6535 ft. (1945 m.), cismontane

FVS: June 3-6, 1900, H.M. Hall, Swarthout Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

SBCo.: From 2001 ft. (610 m.), at mouth of Lytle Cr. Cyn., c. 100 meters n. of Devore Rd., c. 100 m. w. of Sycamore Ranger Station, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 25, 1993, to 5159 ft. (1573 m.), at Phelan Pk., Baldy Mesa, s. of Phelan, R.G Swinney, June 1, 1996; Mar.-June; common;transmontane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June 103, 1900, H.M. Hall, Lytle Creek Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 2496 ft. (761 m.)

+Phacelia douglasii (Benth.) Torr., Douglas’ Phacelia

LACo.: 100 meters e. of mouth of Mescal Cyn., in Mescal Heights area, 50 meters e. of 237th St. East, Apr. 14, 1998, 4959 ft. (1512 m.)

Other records:

N.C. Cooper, Little Rock Reservoir, Apr. 21, 1948, 2500 ft. (762 m.); Darley F. Howe, desert side of Angeles Crest Hwy., May 2, 1948, 5196 ft. (1584 m.); David Charlton, Soledad Pass, Kentucky Springs develop., 1 mile s. of Hwy. 14 on Angeles Forest Hwy. (N-3), c. 5 mi.(airline) s. of Palmdale, Apr. 7, 1990, 3401 ft. (1037 m.); A.C. Sanders, D. Malueg, et al., Soledad Pass area at the n. foot of the mts., c. 5 miles s.w. of Palmdale, along SCE Mesa-Vincent powerline at pole 18-03, just s. of Vincent Substation, June 22, 1998, 3280 ft. (1000 m.); Tim Ross, Steve Boyd., et al., c. 1/2 mile e. Acton, Soledad Cyn., Wash, Apr. 30, 1991, 2719 ft. (829 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Kentucky Springs Co. Park, Apr. 29, 1973, no elev. given; Albert J. Perkins, Alder Cr., 2 miles e. Loonies Ranch (Loomis Ranch-added 2011), Apr. 8, 1925, no elev. given;

FVS: Apr. 8, 1925

SBCo.: Lyman Benson, flat, just below Camp Baldy, May 6, 1947, no elev. given

Phacelia egena (Greene ex Brand) J.T. Howell, Kaweah River Scorpionweed or Phacelia

Intergrades with P. imbricata & P. hastata.

LACo.: From 2998 ft. (914 m.), at 10 miles s.e. of Palmdale - Little Rock River Cyn., Elizabeth E. Morse, May 7, 1940, to 7495 ft. (2285 m.), at mt. summit above Big Pines, Table Mt., R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., June 29, 1972; May-Aug.; rare; transmontane, montane

FVS: Aug. 12, 1896, H.M. Hall, head of Swrthout Cyn., 6797 ft. (2072 m.)

SBCo.: Horse Cyn., 2.2 miles ESE of Hwy. 2, at FS Road 3N12, Aug. 31, 1993, 5800 ft. (1768 m.)

Other records:

Valerie Soza & Sarah J. DeGroot, Prairie Fk., s.e. of Cabin Flat, June 11, 2003, no elev. given

FVS: Aug. 31, 1993

Phacelia fremontii Torr., Fremont’s Phacelia

(synonym: P. hallii Brand)

LACo.: From 2720 ft. (821 m.), at Soledad Cyn. Wash, c. 1/2 mile e. of Acton, T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., Apr. 30, 1991, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at summit of E. Table Mt., Wrightwood area, R.G. Swinney, July 2, 1998; Mar.-Aug.; uncommon; transmontane, montane, cismontane at upper E. Fork San Gabriel River, at cliff seep, c. 100 m. below Falls Gulch, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 6, 1993, 3280 ft.

(1000 m.)

FVS: 1895, H.M. Hall, Swarthout Cyn.

SBCo.: Pinon Hills area at Sheep Cr., 0.9 miles s. of Hwy. 138 at Scrub Oak Rd., Mar. 25, 1995, 4520 ft. (1378 m.); Upper Lytle Cr. Divide, 1.2 miles s. of Lone Pine Rd., on FS Road 3N31, May 15, 1993, 5399 ft. (1646 m.); Horse Cyn., n.e. of Wrightwood, n.w. of Circle Mt., 150 meters w. of Hwy. 2, due w. of Horse Cyn. Road (3N12) entrance, June 12, 1994, 4815 ft. (1468 m.); Pinon Hills, peak. 6150 ft., s.e. of Oak Springs Ranch, May 27, 1996, 6100 ft. (1860 m.); Baldy Mesa, 1.3 miles n.e. of Hwy. 138 on FS Road 3N24, 100-300 meters, n.w. of where FS Road 3N24 crosses ridgetop, near Nuss Ranch, June 3, 1995, 4620 ft.

(1409 m.); Baldy Mesa, Phelan Pk., south of Phelan, Apr. 13, 1996, 5150 ft.

(1570 m.); ridgetop & peak n.w. of Grande Cielo Buffalo Ranch, w. of Cajon Wash & s. of Swarthout Cyn. Road, June 1, 1996, 3749 ft. (1143 m.)

Other records:

Dr. L.M. Newlon, w. of Cajon Pass, Apr. 7, 1922, no elev. given (perhaps s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary); Margorie Shaw, upper Cajon Pass, May 1917, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, Mormon Rocks & Cajon Cyn., Apr. 20, 1973, no elev. given; S.D. White, Wrightwood area, alluvial benches of Sheep Creek & adj. lower +/- e.-facing mt. slope, Apr. 30, 1998, 5400-5800 ft. (1646 m.); Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, May 16, 1903, no elev. given; 3749-6100 ft. (1143-1860 m.); Mar.-June; Rare

FVS: May 16, 1903

Phacelia grandiflora (Benth.) A. Gray, Largeflower Phacelia

CA & Baja CA, Mex.; abundant after fires

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at Duarte/Azusa, 1.3 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. on e. side of El Encanto Pkwy. on e. side of main channel, San Gabriel River, burn area of 2008, RG. Swinney, Apr. 16, 2009, to 4540 ft. (1384 m.), at Pine Mt., n. of Azusa, R.G. Swinney, June 19, 2000; Apr.-July; uncommon; often abundant after fires; cismontane

FVS: Apr. 29, 1920, P.A. Munz, San Dimas Cyn. 1499 ft. (457 m.)

SBCo.: F. Hughes, El Cajon Pass, Apr. 6, 1935, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Phacelia hastata Douglas ex Lehm., Mountain Phacelia, Silverleaf Phacelia

Subssp. Intergrade.

LACo.: Pacifico Mt. summit, July 29, 2009, 7000 ft. (2134 m.)

Other records:

V. Duran, Buckhorn, July 25, 1933, 6498 ft. (1981 m.); Justin M. Wood, Mill Cr. Summit, Heliport, just s.e. of ranger station on Pacifico Mt. Rd. (3N17.4), June 1, 2009, 5189 ft. (1582 m.); I.M. Johnston, Prairie Fk. San Gabriel River, July 6, 1918, 6750 ft. (2058 m.)

FVS: July 6, 1918

SBCo.: Wright Mt. Summit, July 12, 1993, 8469 ft. (2582 m.)

Other records: None found.

Phacelia hastata Douglas ex Lehm. var. compacta (Brand) Cronquist, Compact Phacelia

LACo.: Tim Ross & Steve Boyd, near jct. of Pacifico Mt. Rd. x Roundtop Truck Rd., July 24, 1991, 6235 ft. (1901 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

+Phacelia hubbyi (J.F. Macbr.) L.M. Garrison, Caterpillar Phacelia

[synonym: P. cicutaria Greene var. hubbyi (J.F. Macbr.) J.T. Howell]

Status: CNPS R-E-D Code State/Fed. Status

CRPR 4.2 S3.2 G3

LACo.: San Dimas, lower Shay Cyn., Apr. 17, 2008, 1200 ft. (366 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, between Little Tujunga & Oliver Cyns., May 6, 1973, 1825 ft.

(556 m.); Justin M. Wood, City of San Dimas, Sycamore Cyn., Falcon Ridge Ranch, June 8, 2009, 1351 ft. (412 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Oliver Saddle, May 14, 1975, no elev. given; Frank W. Peirson, Tujunga Cyn., Mar. 28, 1920, 1499 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: Mar. 28, 1920

SBCo.: No records found.

Phacelia humilis Torr. & A. Gray var. humilis, Southern Sierra Phacelia, Low Phacelia

(synonym: Phacelia humilis Torr. & A. Gray var. lobata Davidson)

LACo.: with Cody Clarke, 1.5 miles SSW of Dawson Saddle, jct. of S. Fork Big Rock Cr. & Hwy. 2, near turn-out/parking area, Aug, 22, 2001, 7560 ft. (2305 m.)

Other records:

Anstruther Davidson & Hasse, Big Rock Cr., at Lowell Mines, June 7, 1906,

7000 ft. (2134 m.)

FVS: June 7, 1906

SBCo.: No records found.

Phacelia imbricata Greene, Imbricate Phacelia

LACo.: From 1679 ft. (512 m.), n. of San Dimas, s.e.-facing ridge w. of San Dimas Cyn. Road, c. 300 meters n. of Golden Hills Rd. & 400 meters w. of stream, R.G. Swinney, May 19, 2000, to 7085 ft. (2160 m.), at ridge w. of Jackson Flats, 0.4 miles n.w. of Hwy. 2, at Vincent Gap, on Pinyon Ridge Mtwy., 100 meters e. of jct. of FS Roads 4N12 & 3N26, R.G. Swinney, June 17, 2008; May-July; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: June 16, 1928, J.T.Howell, Fish Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: From 2900 ft. (884 m.), at Cajon Pass, Cajon Wash, just s. of Hwy. 138 crossing, Scott D. White, Apr. 16, 1997, to 6501 ft. (1982 m.), at Wrightwood, ridge n. of town, R.G. Swinney, June 20, 1996; Apr.-June, Aug.; uncommon; all 4 sections

FVS:

+Phacelia imbricata Greene ssp. imbricata, Imbricate Phacelia

Intergrades with P. imbricata ssp. patula and P. californica and P. egena.

LACo.: From 1522-1558 ft. (464-475 m.), at Brown’s Gulch, drawing to San Gab. Cyn., at base of San Gabriel Dam, T.S. Ross, May 24, 1992, to 7400 ft.

(2256 m.), at Lightning (=Blue?) Ridge at the jct. of Forest Rd. 3N06 and Angeles Crest Hwy., c. 4 miles n.w. of the San Bernardino Co. line, & 5 miles n.w. of Wrightwood, David Charlton, June 5, 1986; May-June; fairly common in many areas; all 3 sections

FVS: July 10, 1915, D.L. Crawford Live Oak Cyn., Claremont

SBCo.: n. of Wrightwood, w. of Hwy. 2, 0.9 miles s.w. of Oak Springs Ranch Rd. from road jct., c. 800 meters w. of Hwy. 2, June 12, 1994, 5999 ft. (1827 m.); 200 yards s. of Joe Elliott Big Tree Memorial, July 21, 1993, 5760 ft. (1756 m.)

Other records:

Colin M. Wainwright, Day Cyn., June 9, 1971, 3600 ft. (1098 m.); R.F. Thorne, mouth of Day Cyn., July 7, 1971, c. 2900 ft. (884 m.); R.F. Thorne, base of s.w.-facing rocky slope, just above turnoff to Icehouse Cyn., July 27, 1968; R.F. Thorne & Dick Tilforth, Controversy Springs, c. 4 miles ENE of Wrightwood (by air), June 21, 1978, 4560 ft. (1390 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Big Tree Truck Trail to halfway between San Sevaine Flats and Buck Point, July 11, 1968, 6500 ft. (1982 m.); L.R. Heckard, just above Camp Baldy, San Antonio Cyn., June 30, 1956, 4497 ft. (1371 m.)

FVS: June 30, 1956

Phacelia imbricata Greene ssp. patula (Brand) Heckard, Imbricate Phacelia

If recognized taxonomically, plants in San Gab. Mts. with decumbent stems, corolla pale lavender, assignable to P. oreopola Heckard ssp. oreopola.

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 2198 ft. (670 m.), at Eaton Cyn., F.W. Peirson, June 1, 1918, to 8295 ft. (2529 m.), near Blue Ridge Campground (above Swartout Valley), L.R. Heckard, June 16, 1953; May-Aug., Oct.; fairly common; montane

FVS: July 11, 1897, J.H. Barber, summit of Mt. Gleason

SBCo.: I.M. Johnston, San Gab. Mts. region, San Bernardino Co., July 15, 1917, 5996 ft. (1828 m.) (possibly outside E. San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Phacelia ivesiana Torr., Ives’ Phacelia

Status: CRPR: CBR

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Peter Kamb w. of Cajon Pass, , May 15, 1948, 3496 ft. (1066 m.)

Phacelia lemmonii Gray

(synonyms: P. polysperma Brand and P. heterosperma Parish)

LACo.: Valyermo area, Big Rock Creek, Big Rock Cr. Camp (Paradise Springs, Aug. 11, 2005, 4720 ft. (1439 m.); Juniper Hills, jct. of Tumbleweed Rd. & Long View Rd. (131st Street East), in ravine west of Long View Rd., June 2, 2001, 3979 ft. (1213 m.); E. Fork Punchbowl Cyn., near n. boundary of Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, 0.6 miles s. of Big Rock Cr. Road, May 12, 2008, 4169 ft. (1271 m.); Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, lower Holcomb Cyn., Aug. 22, 2005, 4198 ft. (1280 m.); Big Rock Cr., at (Paradise Springs) Big Rock Cr. Camp, Aug. 11, 2005, 4720 ft. (1439 m.); Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, w. tributary of W. Fork Punchbowl Cyn., 0.4 miles n.e. of Nature Center, June 4, 2008, 4359 ft.

(1329 m.)

Other records:

Five records for (Rock Cr.) Big Rock Cr.: Anstruther Davidson; S.B. Parish; LeRoy Abrams & Ernest Alexander McGregor 1887-1908; J.C. Roos, creekbed on s. side of Mojave Desert, above Valyermo, May 31, 1937, no elev. given

FVS: June, 1887, Rock Cr., border Mohave Desert, Samuel Parish, no elev. given (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: No records found.

+Phacelia longipes A. Gray, Longstalk or Scorpionweed Phacelia

Status: CRPR: CBR

LACo.: From 879 ft. (268 m.), at San Gabriel Cyn., 0.3 mi. above (east) of El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park office, on sholder of dirt service rd., R.G. Swinney, June 2, 2008, to 7550 ft. (2302 m.) at CA Hwy. 2, between Dawson Saddle & jct. of CA Hwy 39, 1.6 mi. from Dawson Saddle, Wayne E. Sawyer, June 11, 1981; Apr.-Aug.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: June, 1887, Samuel B. Parish, Rock Cr., no elev. given

SBCo.: From 2745 ft. (837 m.), at c. 12 air miles n.w. of San Bernardino, in lower Lytle Cr. Wash, c. 2-4 miles n. of I-15, along aqueduct on slopes east of wash, James Henrickson, May 12, 1985, to 8000 ft. (2439 m.), at 0.5 miles e. of San Antonio Falls, P.A. Munz, July 7, 1948; Apr.-July; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: 1880, S.B. Parish & W.F. Parish, Cucamonga Mt., no elev. given

Phacelia minor (Harv.) Thell, Wild Canterbury Bells

CA & Baja CA, Mex.; abundant after burns

LACo.: From 741 ft. (226 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel River Cyn., 0.7 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., on n. side of Hwy. 39, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 12, 2009, to 5838 ft. (1780 m.), at ridgetop to the s.w. of Crystal Lake (ridge desending SSW from Mt. Islip, T. Ross, June 25, 1990; Mar.-June; fairly common; transmontane at Little Rock Cr., slopes e. of cr., below Littlerock Dam, Orlando Mistsretta, Mar. 30, 1994, 3250 ft. (991 m.), montane at Vincent Gulch, 2.5 miles ESE of summit of Mt. Baden-Powell, c. 0.6 mi. above confl. with San Gabriel River, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 1, 1998, 4681 ft. (1427 m.), cismontane

FVS: Mar. 22, 1897, H.P.C., Claremont, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

SBCo.: From 1800 ft. (549 m.), at Deer Cyn., n. of Cucamonga, Max E. Badgley, May 15, 1948, to Lower Lytle Cr. Divide, Applewhite Rd., 0.7 miles n.e. of jct. with FS Rd. 3N31, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 22, 1996; Mar.-July; fairly common; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: May 15, 1948

+Phacelia mohavensis A. Gray, Mojave Phacelia

Status:

CRPR 4.3 S3.3 G3Q

LACo.: From 4950 ft. (1509 m.), at head of Little Rock Cr., 0.5 mi. downstream from Alder Saddle, Orlando Mistretta, July 11, 1995, to 8050 ft. (2454 m.), at Lily Spring, Wayne E. Sawyer, June 16, 1981; June-Aug.; rare; transmontane, montane, several records near cismontane between Charlton Flats & Chileo

FVS: June 3-6, 1900, H.M. Hall, Swarthout Cyn., San Antonio Mts., no elev. given

SBCo.: Upper Lytle Cr., 1.6 miles n. of jct. of FS Roads 3N06 & 3N33, c. 400 meters w. of cmpgrd., June 24, 1993, 5960 ft. (1817 m.); Bighorn Pk., n.w. of Cucamonga Pk., July 11, 1995, 8430 ft. (2570 m.); Upper Lytle Cr. Ridge above Lone Pine Cyn., 1.4 miles s. of Lone Pine Rd., on 3N31 at 1st switchback, c. 60- 80 meters s. of road, May 28, 1995, 5642 ft. (1720 m.); San Sevaine Flats, c. 200 meters w. of jct. of FS Roads 1N34D & 1N34, June 16, 1993, 5540 ft. (1689 m.)

Other records:

H.& M. Dearing, crest above Manker’s Flat, San Antonio Mt., July 5, 1937,

7495 ft. (2285 m.); H.M. Hall, Swarthout Cyn., San Antonio Mts., June, 1899, 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

FVS: June, 1899

Phacelia mutabilis Greene, Changeable Phacelia

Intergrades with P. hastata Douglas ex Lehm.

LACo.: Horse Flats, 1 air mile NNW of Newcomb’s Ranch at Hwy. 2 (Angeles Crest Hwy.), July 29, 2009, 5642 ft. (1720 m.); Winston Pk. summit [s. of Dawson Saddle at Angeles Crest Hwy. (Hwy. 2), July 15, 2008, 7462 ft. (2275 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: July 15, 2008

SBCo.: No records found.

Phacelia parryi Torr., Parry’s Phacelia

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., July 2, 1932, no elev. given; Anstruther Davidson, San Gab. Mts., July, 1910

FVS: July, 1910

SBCo.: No records found.

Phacelia pedicillata A. Gray, Specter Phacelia, Pedicellate (Scorpionweed) Phacelia

LACo.: Peter Kamb, above Little Rock, May 6, 1958, 3198 ft. (975 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Phacelia ramosissima, Douglas ex Lehm., Branching Phacelia

[synonyms: 3 vars. included below are indicated by TJM-2012 but not recognized. A fourth included var. below is not listed in TJM-2012, all 4 vars. below are indented.]

LACo.: R.F. Thorne, n. of Shoemaker Cyn., between Mile High & Valyermo, May 1, 1973, 4398 ft. (1341 m.)

SBCo.: Cajon Cyn., Cajon Rd. & Kenwood Ave., n.e. of jct., Cajon Wash between l-215 Frwy. (now I-15 Frwy.-added 2010) & Cajon Rd., June 10, 1995, 2400 ft. (732 m.); w. side of Lytle Cr. Canyon Rd., near the Hitching Ranch, 200 meters n. of FS Road 2N79, Apr. 25, 1993, 2608 ft. (795 m.); 200 meters n. of Lytle Cr. Road, at 1.2 km. (0.7 mi.) w. of Sierra Ave. & Lytle Creek Jct., June 18, 1993, 2001 ft. (610 m.); Bear Flats, c. 1.7 miles n. of Mt. Baldy Village, E. Fork Bear Cyn., July 25, 1996, 5599 ft. (1707 m.)

Other records:

Randall T. Schuh, Cassis, et al., Cajon Cyn., 2 km. northwest of I-15 Frwy. on Route 138, May 18, 2004, 3500 ft. (1076 m.); Scott D. White, Muscupiabe Hills, s. of Glen Helen Regional Park, along a stream, June 23, 1992, 2106 ft. (642 m.)

FVS: June 23, 1992

Synonym Phacelia ramosissima Dougals ex Lehm. var. australis Munz, Branching Phacelia (apparently referring to var. austrolitoralis Munz, Branching Phacelia)

LACo.: L.E. Hoffman Pacoima Cyn., May 18, 1929, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Synonym Phacelia ramosissima Lehm. var. latifolia (Torr.) Cronquist, Branching Phacelia

LACo.: From 1571 ft. (479 m.), at w. margin of Hwy. 39 & on disturbed slope descending into Brown’s Gulch, T.S. Ross, May 24, 1992, to 8100 ft. (2470 m.), along Blue Ridge near upper end of Holiday Hill Ski Lift, R.F. Thorne, Aug. 26, 1965; May-Aug., Oct.; fairly common; montane, cismontane

FVS: Aug. 2, 1903, C.F. Baker, San Antonio Cyn., near Claremont

SBCo.: Cherry Cyn. “Flat” (“Dry lake”), at s.w. base of Sugarloaf Pk., June 18, 1996, 5058 ft. (1542 m.); Prairie Fk., Sheep Mt. Wilderness, e. headwater at base of Pine Mt. Ridge, e. terminus of abandoned dirt road at jct. of farthest e. branch of Praire Fork, Oct. 19, 1994, 7872 ft. (2400 m.);

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Meyer Cyn., off Lytle Cr., May 9, 1968, 2299 ft. (701 m.); R.F. Thorne, near San Sevaine Cow Camp, July 7, 1971, 4700 ft. (1433 m.); Richard Noyes, Icehouse Cyn., Sep. 19, 1987, no elev. given; Kelly McAndrew, 10 miles n.e. of Claremont on roadside of Baldy Road, just n. of Shinn Rd., May 9, 1992, 3200 ft. (976 m.); Beth Nelson, n. of Fontana, San Sevaine Rd., off Lytle Cr. Road, 1.6 miles n. of I-15 Frwy., May 5, 1991, 2201 ft. (671 m.); I.M. Johnston, mouth of San Antonio Cyn., May 6, 1917, no elev. given

FVS: May 6, 1917

Synonym Phacelia ramosissima Lehm. var. ramosissima, Branching Phacelia (not listed in TJM-2012)

LACo.: s.w. of Wrightwood, “dry lake”, adj. to FS Road 3N06 (Blue Ridge Rd.), 0.4 miles e. of Hwy. 2, July 10, 1998, 7380 ft. (2250 m.)

Other records:

R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, c. 1.5 miles w. of Wrightwood (above small stream), July 10, 1969, 6396 ft. (1950 m.); R.F. Thorne & John Olmstead, along ridge near upper end of Holiday Hill Ski Lift, Blue Ridge, Aug. 266, 1965, 8095 ft. (2468 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Cow Cyn. Road 2N29 E - from saddle to 2nd main drainage, June 12, 1992, no elev. given; Orlando Mistretta & R.T. Hawke, Lightening Ridge Trail, Blue Ridge, June 29, 1995, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, upper part of large sloping meadow at Big Pines, July 9, 1969, 6850 ft. (2088 m.); Jerome S. Horton, above Dalton Canyon CCC Camp, Dalton Watershed, 1397 ft. (426 m.), July 18, 1936, 1397 ft. (426 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Big Tujunga Cyn., at Trail Cyn., July 30, 1967, 1699 ft. (518 m.); I.M. Johnston, Prairie Fk. of San Gabriel River, July 6, 1918, 6796 ft. (2072 m.

FVS: July 6, 1918

SBCo.: Stoddard Flats, July 25, 1995, 4480 ft. (1366 m.); side cyn. on w. side of Cajon Wash, 2.1 miles s. of jct. of FS Roads. 3N49 & 3N53, 2.9 miles s.e. of Lone Pine Road & Hwy. 138 at FS Road 3N53, w. side of far west RR tracks, June 21, 1995, 2920 ft. (890 m.); Bear Flats, n. of Baldy Village, July 12, 1996, 5600 ft. (1707 m.); Lower Lytle Cr. Ridge, 1.8 miles e. of Lytle Cr. Rd. at Applewhite Rd., June 20, 1994, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

Other records:

M.B. Dunkle, San Antonio River Cyn., May 17, 1933, 3000-3100 ft. (915 m.)

FVS: May 17, 1933

Synonym Phacelia ramosissima Douglas ex Lehm. var. subglabra M. Peck, Branching Phacelia

LACo.: w. of Wrightwood, c. 0.25 miles e. of Hwy. 2, c. 300 meters n. of Guffy Rd. (FS Road 3N06 ), June 26, 1997, 7600 ft. (2317 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, 1.5 miles w. of Wrightwood, July 10, 1969, c. 6400 ft. (1951 m.)

FVS: July 10, 1969

SBCo.: No records found.

+Phacelia suaveolens Greene ssp. keckii (Munz & I.M. Jojhnst.) Thorne, Keck’s Phacelia

LACo.: M.B. Dunkle, upper San Gabriel Cyn., July 11, 1933, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Phacelia tanacetifolia Benth., Lacy Phacelia

LACo.: R.F. Thorne, R. Carolin, et al., Grandview Cyn., n. of Mile High Ranch, Mar. 23, 1967, 4500 ft. (1372 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Carr Cyn., Mar. 24, 1995, 3500 ft. (1067 m.); R.F. Thorne, grass slopes above Little Rock Cr., below dams, Apr. 20, 1982, c. 3200 ft. (976 m.); H. Dearing & M. Dearing, Little Rock Cyn., Apr. 9, 1933; R. Gustafson & C. Davidson, Ft. Tejon Rd., south of Littlerock, c. 1.5 miles e. of jct. with 82 ND ST., Apr. 20, 1977, 3198 ft. (975 m.); Thomas E. Higley, 20 miles n.e. of Azusa along the E. Fork of San Gabriel River, Apr. 20, 1974, 1499 ft. (457 m.); James Henrickson, 9 miles s.w. of Little Rock, 0.2 miles s. of Mt. Emma Rd., along Hwy. N3, May 12, 1973, 3897 ft. (1188 m.); Peter Kamb, Big Tujunga Cyn. at Wildwood, July 13, 1948 1797 ft. (548 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Tujunga Cyn., San Gab. Mts., Mar. 28, 1920, 1499 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: Mar. 30, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Tujunga Cyn., 1500 ft. (457 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Phacelia viscida (Benth.) Torr., Tacky Phacelia

CA & reported from Connecticut

LACo.: E.S. Spalding, Fish Cyn., May 2, 1923, no elev.; San Dimas Exp. Forest, occasional, SDEF, 1988 (record not found in CCH)

SBCo.: No records found.

Pholisma arenarium Nutt. ex Hook. Desert Christmas Tree

LACo.: B.C. Templeton, near Little Rock, Apr. 30, 1946, no elev. given, parasitic on Hymenoclea salsola; B.C. Templeton, near Little Rock, May 7, 1938, no elev. given, parasitic on Hymenoclea salsola (the 2 records for B.C. Templeton possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary); H.E. Hasse, & Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock Cr., June 6, 1906, no elev. given, no host plant given

FVS: June 6, 1906

SBCo.: No records found.

Pholistoma auritum (Lindl.) Lilja, Blue Fiestaflower

LACo.: From Azusa, El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, May 8, 2009, 1000 ft. (305 m.), to 1597 ft. (487 m.), at San Dimas Cyn., M.N. Ackley, May 26, 1929; Mar.-May; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Mar. 29, 1917, I.M. Johnston, above Claremont

SBCo.: San Sevaine Flats, near well, July 16, 1993, 5320 ft. (1622 m.)

Other records: None found.

Pholistoma auritum (Lindl.) Lilja var. auritum, Blue Fiesta Flower

LACo.: with Dave Larson, Wolfskill Cyn., above La Verne & San Dimas, SDEF, May 15, 1999, 1801 ft. (549 m.); Big Dalton Cyn. Wilderness Park, 1.2 miles n.e. of Glendora Mt. Rd. on Big Dalton Cyn. Road, May 3, 1990, 1401 ft. (427 m.)

Other records:

F.W. Peirson, Monrovia Cyn., May 18, 1919, 1246 ft. (380 m.); F.W. Peirson, Fish Cyn., May 21, 1923, 2600 ft. (793 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Burbank Cyn., (n. of Claremont-added 2010), May 8, 1931, no elev. given; Samuel R. Tyson, San Dimas Cyn., May 22, 1942, no elev. given; J.D. Olmstead, W. Fork San Dimas Cr. to Wolfskill Falls, 1960 Johnstone Pk. Burn, Apr. 30, 1962, 1500-2000 ft.

(457 m.); I.M. Johnston, Evey Cyn., north of Claremont, May 6, 1917, 2500 ft. (762 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Elsmere Cyn., near mouth, May 15, 1967, 1450 ft.

(441 m.); I.M. Johnston, above Claremont, Mar. 29, 1917, no elev. given;

FVS: Mar. 29, 1917

SBCo.: No records found.

Pholistoma membranaceum (Benth.) Constance, White Fiesta Flower

LACo.: From 2760-2880 ft. (841-878 m.), at 0.6 miles ESE of Acton, s. edge of Soledad Cyn. Wash, T.S. Ross, Apr. 30, 1991, to 4300 ft. (1311 m.), at Valyermo area, ridgetop c. 500 meters e. of s. end of Bob’s Gap, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 18, 2001; Mar.-May; uncommon; transmontane

FVS: Mar. 27, 1932, L.E. Hoffman, Big Rock Cr., no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Plagiobothrys arizonicus (A. Gray) Greene ex A. Gray, Arizona Popcornflower

Intergrades with P. canescens var. canescens and P. nothofulvus.

LACo.: From 1200 ft. (366 m.), at Glendora, Poopout Trail, Big Dalton Cyn. Wilderness Park, c. 100 yards n. of jct. of Glendora Mt. Rd. & Big Dalton Cyn. Rd., to 4841 ft. (1476 m.), at mouth of Mescal Cyn. c. 50 meters s.e. of Mescal Cyn. Reservoir, w. side of stream, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 14, 1998; Mar.-May; rare in transmontane, cismontane at Glendora, Poop Out Trail

FVS: Apr. 4, 1939, H. Dearing & M. Dearing, Little Rock Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found:

+Plagiobothrys canescens Benth., Grey or Valley Popcornflower

LACo.: Claremont, Johnson’s Pastures, n. of Via Santa Catorina & Mt. Ave., Apr. 8, 1999, 1601 ft. (488 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Wildwood Ranch, Shuler Cyn., Apr. 14, 1974, 1351 ft. (412 m.); Anstruther Davidson, Azusa, Apr. 2, 1897; James Henrickson, 1 mile s.e. of Newhall, Whitney Cyn., s.e. of jct. of San Fernando Rd. & State Hwy. 14, c. 1/2 mile e. of Hwy. 14, Apr. 15, 2000, c. 1600 ft. (488 m.); L..R. Abrams, San Gabriel Wash, near Azusa, Mar. 13, 1903

FVS: Mar. 13, 1903

SBCo.: s.w. of mouth of Lytle Cr. Cyn., 4.8-5.0 mi. w. of Lytle Cr. Road (Nealy’s Corner), 0.4 mi. n. of Front Line Mtwy., Mar. 15, 1993, 1801 ft. (549 m.)

Other records:

A.C. Sanders, et. al., Etiwanda, Bajada, w. side of Etiwanda Cr. on n. side of Hwy. 30 (Highland Ave.), Mar. 12, 1998, 1450 ft. (442 m.)

FVS: Mar. 15, 1993

Plagiobothrys collinus (Phil.) I.M. Johnst., Cooper’s Popcornflower

LACo.: Sulplhur Springs Cmpgrd area, S. Fork of Littlerock Cr., May 28, 2009, 5199 ft. (1585 m.)

Other records: No records found.

SBCo.: W. of Cajon Wash & s. of Hwy 138, c. 1 mi. SSW of Cajon Jct. at FS Road 3N49, Apr. 29, 2005, 3100 ft. (945 m.); Cajon Cyn., Mormon Rocks, s.w. of Forest Service Station, Apr. 13, 1996, 3401 ft. (1037 m.)

Other records:

T.B. Salvato, A.C. Sanders, Cajon Pass, c. 0.5 mi. s. of Bluecut & c. 0.5 mi. n.w. of Keenbrook at powerline crossing, Cajon Cr., May 4, 2000, 2499 ft. (762 m.); Steven R. Hill, vicinity of Lost Lake, w. of I-15, Lost Lake Rd., Apr. 25, 2001,

2831 ft. (863 m.)

FVS: Apr. 13, 1996

Plagiobothrys collinus (Philbr.) I.M. Johnston var. fulvescens (I.M. Johnst.), Rough-stemmed or Cooper’s Popcornflower

LACo.: R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, S. Fork Little Rock Cr., 1.8 mi. below Alder Saddle in Pinyon Flats area, June 30, 1971, no elev. given; D.D. Keck, Johnstons Pastures, 2 miles n. of town (Claremont-added 2010), May 3, 1922, no elev. given, also, R.F. Thorne, Apr. 2, 1971, 1800 ft. (549 ); Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, So. Calif. transmission line tower (Seg. 6, structure 23 per TRTP Survey 2008), vic. of Aliso Cyn., west of Angeles Forest Hwy., Apr. 16, 2008, 3746 ft. (1142 m.) and Apr. 14, 2008, at Seg. 6 structure 18, at 4067 ft. (1240 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Santiago Cyn., slopes w. of main cyn., Apr. 28, 1995, 4500 ft. (1372 m.); F.W. Peirson, trail from Pine Flats (Charlton Flats-added 2010) to Chilao, June 15, 1921, no elev. given

FVS: June 15, 1921

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne, near Chilao Cr., upper Chilao Cmpgrd., July 2, 1969, c. 5300 ft. (1616 m.); I.M. Johnston, mouth of Cajon Valley, Cajon Pass, May 15, 1920, 3496 ft. (1066 m.)

FVS: May 15, 1920

Plagiobothrys collinus (Phil.) I.M. Johnst. var. ursinus (A. Gray) Higgins, Bear Valley or Cooper’s Popcornflower

CA & Mex. ?

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Cajon Cyn., Mormon Rocks, s.w. of US Forest Service Station

(c. 300 m.-added 2009), Apr. 13, 1996, 3401 ft. (1037 m.)

Other records: None found.

Plagiobothrys nothofulvus (A. Gray) A. Gray, Foothill Snowdrops, Rusty Popcornflower

LACo.: From 1300 ft. (396 m.), at Big Dalton Cyn., Sam Tyson, Apr. 22, 1943, to 2350 ft. (716 m.), at Bluebird Truck Trail, L.C. Wheeler, May 3, 1969; Mar.-May; rare; cismontane (elev. no given for L.C. Wheeler, May 4, 1969, Placerita Cyn.) (all other records are between Glendora & Claremont and s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary, including Glendora’s South Hills)

FVS: Apr. 11, 1918, P.A. Munz, Lone Hill near Glendora, San Gabriel Mts.

SBCo.: Peter Kamb, mouth of Cajon Cyn., Sycamore Flat, May 15, 1948,

1998 ft. (609 m.)

Plagiobothrys tenellus (Nutt. ex Hook.) A. Gray, Pacific Popcornflower

LACo.: Horse Flats, 1 air mile NNW of Newcomb’s Ranch at Hwy. 2/Angeles Crest Hwy., June 2, 2009, 5642 ft. (1720 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Chilao Guard Station, May 12, 1946

FVS: May 12, 1946

SBCo.: W. of Cajon Wash & s. of Hwy 138, c. 1 mi. SSW of Cajon jct., off FS Road 3N49, Apr. 29, 1995, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

Other records:

Lyman Benson, Cajon Cyn., Cajon Cr. watershed, Mar. 25, 1932, 2000 ft.

(610 m.)

FVS: Mar. 25, 1932


Brassicaceae Mustard Family

Arabis eschscholtziana Ledeb., Mountain Rockcress

[synonym: A. hirsuta (L.) Scop. var. glabrata Torr. & A. Gray]

LACo.: Orlando Mistretta & Christina Mistretta, So. Calif. transmission line tower (Seg. 6, structure 115 per TRTP Survey 2008), vic. of Van Tassel Cyn., Apr. 19, 2008, 1906 ft. (581 m.)

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., San Gab. Mts., region, San Sevaine, Cow Camp, July 7, 1971, 4700 ft. (1432 m.)

Arabis holboellii” Horlem, Holboell’s Rockcress

LACo.: Summit of Table Mt. East, Wrightwood area, July 2, 1998, 7400 ft.

(2256 m.); Summit of Iron Mt., Aug. 13, 1998, 7961 ft. (2427 m.)

Other records: Justin M. Wood, Mill Cr. Summit, Heliport just s.e. of Ranger Station on Pacifico Mt. Rd., June 1, 2009, 5189 ft. (1582 m.)

FVS: Aug. 13, 1998

SBCo.: The following specimen is listed on CPC-2009, as San Gabriel Mts. The location reads Wildhorse Cyn. This is in the San Bernardino Mts. Perhaps, however, he meant Horse Cyn., in which case it would actually be in the San Gabriel Mts. Wildhorse Cyn. is on the e. side of Cajon Pass while Horse Cyn. is on the w. side.; L.C. Wheeler, between Wildhorse Cyn. & Cajon Cyn., May 9, 1968, 4999 ft. (1524 m.)

Arabis pycnocarpa M. Hopkins var. pycnocarpa, Hairy-Fruit Rock-Cress, Creamflower Rockcress

[synonym: A. hirsuta (L.) Scop. var. pycnocarpa (M. Hopkins) Rollins]

LACo.: No record found

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne et. al., San Sevaine Cow Camp, July 7, 1971, 4700 ft. (1432 m.)

Athysanus pusillus (Hook.) Greene, Athysanus, Common Sandweed

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, s. of Thompson Cr. Dam, Claremont/LaVerne, Feb. 38, 1931; Barbara Ertter & Jeffry Straclan, S. Fork Big Rock Creek, c. 0.5 mi. n. of South Fork Cmpgrd. on FS Road. 4N11A, May 18, 1980, 4494 ft. (1370 m.); Scott D. White & Justin M. Wood, W. Fork San Gabriel River, large fill slope on the s. side of Cogswell Reservoir, May 6, 2009, 2601 ft. (793 m.); M.N. Ackley, Eaton Wash, Feb. 12, 1928, 1197 ft. (365 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Sierra Madre Trail to Mt. Wilson, Apr. 5, 1919, 2496 ft. (761 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Kitter Cyn., Apr. 25, 1995, 4100 ft. (1250 m.); F.W. Peirson, Arroyo Seco near Pasadena, Mar. 3, 1921, 1148 ft. (350 m.) (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary); San Dimas Experimental Forest, occasional, grassy openings, SDEF, 1988; P.A. Munz, near Glendora, Lone Hill, Apr. 11, 1918

FVS: Apr. 11, 1918

SBCo.: None found.

Barbarea orthoceras Ledeb., American Yellowrocket

LACo.: From 4995 ft. (1523 m.), at Smith Mt., A.J. McClatchie, July 4, 1896, to 6901 ft. (2104 m.), at Big Pines Rec. Area, Wesley O. Griesel, May 26, 1963; May-July; rare; montane, cismontane at Smith Mt.

Other records:

8 additional records for the Big Pines area

2 additioinal records for Jackson Lake area

P.A. Munz, Head of Swartout Valley, June 17, 1921, 6800 ft. (2072 m.); S. Zona, et. al., Mt. High Ski Resort, w. of Wrightwood, June 28, 1989, 6619-5157 ft.

(2018-2487 m.)

FVS: July 4, 1896, A.J. McClatchie, at Smith Mt., 4995 ft. (1523 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

+Boechera arcuata (Nutt.) Windham & Al-Shehbaz, Elegant Rockcress, Arching Rockcress

[synonym: Arabis sparsiflora Nutt. var. arcuata (Nutt.) Rollins]

LACo.: From 3047 ft. (929 m.), at cyn. of Upper Big Tujunga Cr., c. 0.25 mi. downstream of ridge to Camp Colby, on upper slope above cr. bank, John Dittes & Chris Williams, Apr. 29, 1989, to 6599 ft. (2012 m.), at Little Fish Fk., Fish Fk. Camp, L.C. Wheeler, June 28, 1970; Apr.-June; rare; all 3 areas

FVS: Mar. 13, 1898, anonym., San Dimas Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: Orlando Mistretta, Icehouse Cyn., Chapman Tr., June 7, 1993, 6429 ft. (1960 m.); B.C. Templeton, Lone Pine Cyn. (in or near Wrightwood, based on elev. & county) near Ranger Station, May 15, 1933, 5999 ft. (1829 m.)

FVS: May 15, 1933

Boechera breweri (S. Watson) Al-Shehbaz, Brewer’s Rockcress

(synonym: Arabis breweri S. Watson var. pecuniaria, Rollins)

LACo.: No record found.

SBCo.: F.R. Fosberg, Mt. San Antonio Tr., from divide, June 23, 1931, 8200 ft. (2500 m.); Anstruther Davidson, Mt. San Antonio, July 1, 1916, no elev. given

FVS: July 1, 1916

Boechera californica (Rollins) Windham and Al-Shehbaz, California Rockcress

(synonym: Arabis sparsiflora Nutt. var. californica Rollins)

CA & Mex.

LACo.: From 1499 ft. (457 m.), at disturbed ground, near Santa Anita Cyn. Road, R.F. Thorne, Apr. 23, 1971, to 7502 ft. (2287 m.), at View Pt. near Big Pines, Wesley O. Griesel, May 26, 1963, 7501 ft. (2287m.); Mar.-Aug.; rare; all 3 sections

FVS: May 15, 1914, F. Myocom, Rubio Cyn. above 2400 ft. (731 m.)

SBCo.: From 2300 ft. (701 m.), near jct. of Evey Cyn. with San Antonio Cyn., R.F. Thorne, May 29, 1969, to 7495 ft. (2285 m.), at Manker Flats, G.R. Johnstone, May 26, 1928; Apr.-July; rare; 2 records at transmontane margin, montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Apr. 4, 1918, I.M. Johnston San Antonio Cyn. Wash, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

Boechera perennans (S. Watson) W.A. Weber, Perennial Rockcress

(synonym: Arabis perennans S. Watson)

LACo.: Robert Gustafson & G.D. Wallace, Bob’s Gap Rd., c. 3.5 miles s. of jct. with Pearblossom Hwy., Apr. 26, 1982, 3200s ft. (976’s m.); R.F. Thorne, E.W. Tilforth et al., S. slope of Table Mt., above Big Pines, July 29, 1969, 6950 ft. (2119 m.)

FVS: July 29, 1969

SBCo.: Cajon Wash, c. 1 mile s.e. of Controversy Spring, c. 1 mile s. of Hwy. 138, Apr. 29, 1994, 4520 ft. (1378 m.)

Other records:

D.A. &Young, San Gab. Mts. region, end of Haven Ave., 2 mi. north of Chaffey College, May 10, 1969, 1500 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: May 10, 1969

Boechera platysperma (A. Gray) Al-Shehbaz, Pioneer Rockcress

(synonym: Arabis platysperma A. Gray)

LACo.: San Antonio Ridge, 0.9 miles w. of Mt. Baldy, e. of saddle, Aug. 31, 1998, 8200 ft. (2500 m.); gentle slope between Big Horn Ridge & ridge imm. to the north, s. of San Antonio Ridge, Aug. 27, 1998, 8679 ft. (2646 m.); Mt. Williamson complex, second pk. from Mt. Williamson to the east, on Mt. Williamson ridge (data modified-added 2011), Aug. 9, 2001, 8243 ft. (2513 m.); Cucamonga Wilderness, Big Horn Pk., July 8, 1994, 8400 ft. (2561 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: July 8, 1994

SBCo.: “Etiwanda Pk.”, c. 0.9 miles n.e. of Cucamonga Pk. on same ridge, June 22, 2000, 8662 ft. (2641 m.); Thunder Mt. Ridge, w. of Thunder Mt. Peak, July 14, 1995, 7961 ft. (2427 m.); Sheep Flats, s. of Icehouse Cyn., c. 1 air mile n. of Ontario Pk., July 10, 1995, 7045 ft. (2148 m.); E. San Antonio Pk., e. of Mt. Baldy Summit, Aug. 28, 1995, 10001 ft. (3049 m.); Etiwanda Pk. (Pk. 8662 ft.), c. 0.9 miles n.e. of Cucamonga Pk., July 22, 2005, 8630 ft. (2631 m.); Cucamonga Wilderness, Big Horn Pk., July 8, 1994, 8400 ft. (2561 m.)

Other records:

I.M. Johnston, vic. of Kellys Cabin, Ontario Park (Peak- not park-added 2011), July 30, 1917; 8197 ft. (2499 m.)

FVS: July 30, 1917

The following was recorded as Arabis platysperma A. Gray var. platysperma, Broad-seeded Rock-cress, Pioneer Rockcress. (ssp. platysperma is not present in the current species treatment, status uncertain)

LACo.: Pallet Mt. (summit-added 2011), 0.5 miles e. of Burkhart Saddle, 5 miles n. of Buckhorn Flat Cmpgrd., July 3, 2008, 7639 ft. (2329 m.)

Other records: R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., n.-facing ridge of Mt. San Antonio along trail to Dawson Pk., July 27, 1971, c. 9600 ft. (2927 m.); Marcus E. Jones, n. of Claremont, June 28, 1931; R.F. Thorne & Larry E. DeBuhr, ridge running e. from pk. of Mt. Islip, Aug 18, 1972, 7900 ft. (2407 m.); Wayne E. Sawyer, crest Tr. above Lily Spring, c. 0.25 mi. w. of Mt. Hawkins; L.C. Wheeler, s.w. side of Mt. San Antonio, Sep. 13, 1967, 9900 ft. (3017 m.); Fred Burlew, Mt. Islip, July 1926, no elev. given; Orlando Mistretta, Mt. Baldy, July 30, 1991,

8000 ft. (2439 m.); F.W. Peirson, South Trail to “Baldy” (Mt. San Antonio), Sep. 12, 1920, 9250 ft. (2820 m.)

FVS: Sep. 12, 1920

SBCo.: E. San Antonio Pk., east of summit, Aug 28, 1995, 10001 ft. (3049 m.); also Marcus Jones, July 8, 1926 & R.F. Thorne, H.J. Hitchen, July 27, 1968; Big Horn Pk., July 8, 1994, 8400 ft. (2561 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, rocky summit of Ontario Pk., Aug. 3, 1965, 8693 ft.

(2649 m.); R.F. Thorne, et. al., n-facing ridge of Mt. San Antonio along tr. to Dawson Pk., July 27, 1971, 9600 ft. (2927 m.);Peter Fritsch & T.S. Ross, in draw & along rd. of cyn. north to n.e. of Baldy Notch, July 12, 1990, 7400 ft., 1959 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Icehouse Cyn., Chapman Tr., June 7, 1993, 6870 ft.

(2093 m.); Valerie Soza & Sarah J. DeGroot, Timber Mt., c. 0.5 mi. n. of Icehouse Saddle, June 6, 2003, 8000 ft. (2439 m.); Marcus E. Jones, San Antonio Pk., July 8, 1926, no elev. given; I.M. Johnston, vicinity of Kelly’s Cabin (Ontario Pk.), July 30, 1921, 8197 ft. (2499 m.)

FVS: July 30, 1921

Boechera pulchra (S. Watson) W.A. Weber, Tower Mustard, Beautiful Rockcress

(synonym: Arabis pulchra M.E. Jones ex S. Watson)

LACo.: From 2381 ft. (726 m.), at W. Fk. San Gabriel River, dirt rd. between Cogswell Dam & fill slope on s. side of Cogswell Reservoir, to 7200 ft. (2195 m.) at ridge n.e. of Table Mt., c. 0.4 mi. w. of San Bernardino Co. line, R.G. Swinney, June 13, 1997; Feb.-Aug.; common; all 3 sections

FVS: May 21, 1893, H.E. Hasse, Acton no elev. given (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: From 3500 ft. (1067 m.) at 3.2 mi. along rd. (Lone Pine Cyn.) running from Cajon n.w. to Wrightwood, D. Stottenberg, Apr. 23, 1966, to 8495 ft.

(2590 m.) at Swartout Valley (Head), P.A. Munz, June 18, 1921; Mar.-June; fairly common; transmontane, montane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June, 1887, S.B. Parish, Old Baldy Mt., no elev. given

The following subtaxa are not recog. by TJM2, status uncertain:

Synonym Arabis pulchra M.E. Jones ex S. Watson var. gracilis M.E. Jones, Beautiful Rockcress

LACo.: T.S. Ross, San Gab. Mts. region, Mojave Desert, Fort Tejon Rd., 0.1 mile w. of its jct. with Hwy. 138 (& hiking south to SSW) c. 0.25-0.3 miles w. of co. line, Apr. 27, 1991, 3880 ft. (1183 m.); R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, summit of Table Mt. above Big Pines Ranger Station, July 9, 1969, 7000 ft. (2134 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Big Rock Cr., ¾ miles n. of Big Rock Springs, Apr. 17, 1968, 3798 ft. (1158 m.)

FVS: Apr. 17, 1968

SBCo.: LeRoy Gross & Valeri Soza, Sheep Creek, n.e. of Wrightwood, Swarthout Valley, close to the e. side of wash, n. of Angeles Crest Hwy. (2), at end of abandoned dirt rd. that was a dump site, June 9, 2003, 5599 ft. (1707 m.)

Synonym Arabis pulchra M.E. Jones ex S. Watson var. pulchra, Beautiful Rockcress)

LACo.: From 2760-2880 ft. (841-878 m.), at 0.6 miles ESE of Acton, s. edge of Soledad Cyn. Wash, T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., Apr. 30, 1991, to 4800 ft. (1463 m.), at Little Rock Cr., Alimoney Ridge, Orlando Mistretta, May 4, 1992; Mar.-June; rare; transmontane

FVS: Apr. 17, 1955, L.C. Wheeler, Little Rock Cr. at confl. with Bare Mt. Canyon, no elev. given

SBCo.: P.A. Munz, Swartout Valley (head), June 18, 1921, 8495 ft. (2590 m.)

Boechera repanda (S. Watson) Al-Shehbaz, Repand Rock-cress, Yosemite Rockcress

(synonyms: A. repanda and A. repanda var. greenei Jeps.)

LACo.: San Antonio Ridge, 1.1 mi. w. of Mt. Baldy, e. of saddle, w.-facing slope, Aug. 31, 1998, 7921 ft. (2415 m.); Dawson Pk. Ridge, Dawson Ridge Tr., Sep 7, 1998, (2756 m.); Pine Mt. Ridge, 0.2-0.3 mi. w. of Camp Lupine Tr., July 14, 1998, (2247 m.); Lily Spring, n. slope of Mt. Hawkins (7.5 miles WSW of Wrightwood, Sep. 15, 2001, 8049 ft. (2454 m.)

Other records:

LeRoy Gross & Michael Denslow, Tr. from Islip Saddle to S. Fork Big Rock Cr., 0.5-0.7 mi. down tr. from saddle, before Reed Spring, June 4, 2003, 6301 ft.

(1921 m.); Marcus E. Jones, San Antonio Pk., July 8, 1926

FVS: July 8, 1926

SBCo.: Sheep Flats, s. of Icedhouse Cyn., July 10, 1995, 7045 ft. (2148 m.); ridge between Dog Bone & Alpline Cyns., above N. Fk. Lytle Cr. & n.e. of Dawson Pk., Aug. 21, 1996, 7121 ft. (2171 m.); Upper Lytle Cr. Ridge near Gobler’s Knob, saddle between 2 ridgetops at w. end of Sheep Cr. Truck Rd., June 30, 1992, 6481 ft. (1976 m.); Upper Lytle Cr. Divide, w. side of Gobler’s Knob at notch, June 29, 1993, 6701 ft. (2043 m.)

Other records:

I.M. Johnston, Upper San Antonio Cyn., no date given, 7495 ft. (2285 m.); S.B. Parish, Icehouse Cyn., June 16, 1918, 6996 ft. (2133 m.); H.M. Hall, Lytle Creek Cyn., June 1 & 3, 1900, 5796 ft. (1767 m.)

FVS: June 1-3, 1900

The following var. is not recognized by TJM2, status uncertain:

Synonym Arabis repanda S. Watson var. repanda, Repand Rock-cress, Yosemite Rockcress

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, n. slope of Mt. Waterman, June 16, 1921, 6498-7498 ft.

(1981-2286 m.), also R.F. Thorne et. al.; R.F. Thorne, Lily Spring on n.w. slope of Mt. Hawkins, Aug. 25, 1971; R.F. Thorne, near Windy Spr., n. slope of Mt. Islip, Aug 25, 1971, 7396 ft. (2255 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Pine Mt. Ridge, Sep. 4, 1967, c. 7350 ft. (2240 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Santiago Cyn., n. slope of Pacifico Mt., May 31, 1994, 6650 ft. (2027 m.); T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd., Camp Verdugo Pines & vic., northerly draw draining to Jackson Lake, June 18, 1990, 6160-6280 ft. (1878 m.); F.W. Peirson, Rock Cr., n. slope of San Gab. Mts., June 14, 1919, 5600 ft. (1707 m.)

FVS: June 14, 1919,

SBCo.: Lost Creek Cyn., s. trib. of Ice House Cyn., e. of Sheep Flat, July 22, 1994, 6599 ft. (2012 m.)

Other records:

V. Soza & LeRoy Gross, Mt. Baldy Ski area, Big Butch Wash, s. of Miners Bowl, July 18, 2001, 7501 ft. (2287 m.); V. Soza & LeRoy Gross, n. slopes of Devil’s Backbone, s. side of Stockton Flat, May, 29, 2001, 6350 ft. (1936 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Episcopel Camp, Wrightwood, June 3, 1992; Marcus E. Jones, San Antonio Pk., July 8, 1926; I.M. Johnston, w. end Ontario Pk. Ridge, Aug. 1, 1925,

8197 ft. (2499 m.); R.F. Thorne, rocky, e.-facing slope above Middle Fk. Cyn. Lytle Cr., along Cucamonga Pk. Trail, June 26, 1966, 7495 ft. (2285 m.); R.F. Thorne, talus slope near upper end of Icehouse Cyn., June 2, 1966, 7200 ft. (2195 m.); T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, upper San Antonio Cyn., n.e. end of Manker Flat, 1600 meters WSW of Mt. Baldy Notch, June 27, 1993, 6400 ft. (1951 m.); Peter Fritsch & T.S. Ross, in draw & along rd. of cyn. north to n.e. Baldy Notch, July 12, 1990, 7400 ft. (1959 m.); I.M. Johnston, Coldwater Fk. Lytle Cr., Aug. 21, 1917, 6796 ft. (2072 m.)

FVS: Aug. 21, 1917

Boechera sparsiflora (Nutt.) Dorn, Elegant Rock-cress, Sicklepod Rockcress

(synonyms: Arabis sparsiflora Nutt. and A. sparsiflora Nutt. var. sparsiflora)

LACo.: Marshall & Live Oak Cyn. drainages, La Verne, Apr. 13, 1998, 1801 ft. (549 m.); Wolfskill Falls, above La Verne/San Dimas, SDEF, May 15, 1999,

2001 ft. (610 m.), with Dave Larson; Monrovia Cyn., Monrovia Canyon Wilderness Park, Apr. 1, 2009, 1361 ft. (415 m.)

Other records:

Jerome S. Horton, San Dimas Ridge above Flume # 5, SDEF, Apr. 20, 1936, 2198 ft. (670 m.); H.L. Cogswell, w. side of Bell Cyn., SDEF, June 8, 1951, 2798 ft. (853 m.); June Latting, Big Rock Cr. Fire Station, Fenner Cyn., Oct. 6, 1976, 5199 ft. (1585 m.); Carl Epling et. al., Swartout Valley, May 16, 1931; Wayne Lau & Jun Hu, Millard Canyon, Cmpgrd., 2 miles n. of Altadena up the stream 1 mi. after Millard Cmpgrd., Apr. 30, 2000, 1699 ft. (518 m.); W.G. Webb, Arroyo Seco, Apr. 17, 1935, no elev. given; Orlando Mistretta & Peter L. Morrell, Shortcut Cyn. OVH area paralleling Big Tujunga, June 4, 1992, 3802 ft. (1159 m.); R. Hoffmann, Big Rock Cr. , Paradise Camp, May 18, 1928

FVS: May 18, 1928

SBCo.: near Cucamonga , Day Cyn., 0.6 m. n.w. of gaging station at mouth of cyn.; Sugarloaf Pk., e. & w. summits & saddle between, s. of Icehouse Cyn. parking area; w. of Cajon Wash & s. of Hwy 138, c. 1 mi., SSW of Cajon Jct.; Chalk Pk. between N. Fork & Middle Fk. Lytle Cr.; Lone Pine Cyn., c. 300 m. s. of Lone Pine Cyn. Rd. & 4 miles w. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., c. 0.5 mi. above Clyde Ranch; w. side of Lytle Cr. Cyn. Rd. near Hitching Ranch, 200 m. n. of FS Road 2N79; upper Lytle Cr. Divide, 1.2 m. s. of Lone Pine Rd. on FS Road 3N31; Frankish Pk., e. of San Antonio Cyn.; Ralston Pk., Cajon Pass area; Apr.-Aug.; 2608-6849 ft. (795-2088 m.)

Other records:

Eugene Cardiff, S. Fk. Lytle Cr. Cyn., Apr. 23, 1950, 3001 ft. (915 m.)

FVS: June, 1929, M.N. Ackley, Lytle Cr., 3998 ft. (1219 m.)

Boechera xylopoda Windham & Al Shehbaz, Bigfoot Hybrid Rockcress

(B. pulchra x B. perennans)

(synonym: Arabis pulchra M.E. Jones ex S. Watson var. gracilis)

LACo.: R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, summit of Table Mt. above Big Pines Ranger Station, July 9, 1969, 7000 ft. (2154 m.); T.S. Ross, Ft. Tejon Rd., 0.1 miles w. of its jct. with Hwy. 138, c. 0.25-0.3 miles w. of the co. line, Apr. 27, 1991, 3880 ft. (1183 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Big Rock Cr., 3/4 miles n. of Big Rock Springs, Apr. 17, 1968, 3800 ft. (1159 m.)

FVS: Apr. 17, 1968

SBCo.: LeRoy Gross & Valeri Soza, San Gab. Mts. region, Sheep Cr., n.e. of Wrightwood, Swarthout Valley, close to the e. side of wash, n. of Angeles Crest Hwy. (2), at end of abandoned dirt rd. that was a dump site, June 9, 2003,

5599 ft. (1707 m.)

+Brassica fruticulosa Cyr., Mediterranean Cabbage

Native to s.w. Europe and n.w. Africa.

Listed in TJM-1993 as not naturalized. The oldest records listed below are 1994 by the author. It is now definitely naturalized in the N. Upland area, n. of Baseline & in Claremont/San Antonio Cyn. area. TJM2 recognizes its naturalized status.

LACo.: Valerie Soza, et. al., s. side of Cobal Cyn., Claremont Hills Wildrness Park., Mar. 28, 2000, 1700 ft. (518 m.); S.D. White, Evey Cyn., Feb. 4, 2001, 2400-2800 ft. (732-854 m.) & Steve Boyd, et. al., at Evey Cyn., June 11, 1993; Justin M. Wood & Brandy N. Wood, Evey Cyn. trail to Potato Mt., Jan 2, 2009, 2240 ft. (683 m.); K. Dobry, Elsmere Cyn., Apr. 4, 1991, no elev. given

FVS: Apr. 4, 1991

SBCo.: Cucamonga, c. 200 ft. n. of 19th St., c. 0.5 mi. w. of Sapphire Street, Jan. 26, 1994, 1620 ft. (494 m.); Cucamonga, Cucamonga Cr., c. 100 m. s. of W. Almond Ave. (dirt extension), Jan. 26, 1994, 2139 ft. (652 m.)

Other records:

Scott D. White & Michael Honer, San Antonio Cr. between Mt. Baldy Village & Ice House Cyn., June 29, 2004, 4198 ft. (1280 m.); Scott D. White, Cucamonga, bajada at e. foot of mts., between Beryl Ave. & Hellman Ave., 0.3 rd. mi. n. of Foothill Blvd., Apr. 22, 1998, 1758-1837 ft. (536-560 m.)

FVS: Jan. 26, 1994

Brassica juncea (L.) Czern., India Mustard

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: Scott D. White & Justin Wood, Glendora at Brodiaea (Reserve) at end of N. Loraine Ave., Mar. 27, 2008, 1551 ft. (473 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch, Black Mustard

Native to Europe

LACo.: From 620 ft. (189 m.) at San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, Azusa/Durate, under Puente Largo Railway Bridge, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 2009, to 2798 ft. (853 m.), at N. Fk. Dark Cyn., off Arroyo Seco at Angeles Crest Hwy., L.C. Wheeler, May 9, 1967 Mar.-May; uncommon throughout, locally abundant; cismontane

FVS: May 18, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, Divide between Raynier & Placerita Cyn., 1998 ft. (609 m.)

SBCo.: W. Bertsch, Mt. Baldy Rd., June 9, 1954, 1998 ft. (609 m.)

Brassica rapa L., Turnip, Field Mustard

(synonyms: Brassica rapa L. var. sylvestris and B. rapa L. var. rapa)

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 1197 ft. (365 m.), at Webb Cyn., n. of Claremont, R.F. Thorne, Mar. 26, 1973, to 6860 ft. (2090 m.) at Big Pines Park, B.C. Templeton, July 20, 1933; Feb.-July; uncommon, mostly in disturbed areas; montane, cismontane

FVS: Mar. 1918, F.W. Peirson, Altadena

SBCo.: Gerald L. Benny & Colin M. Wainwright, Day Cyn., adjacent to gauging station, Apr. 2, 1971, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, Chapman Ranch, above Mt. Baldy Village, July 2, 1967, 4450 ft. (1357 m.)

FVS: July 2, 1967

Brassica tourmefortii Gouan, Asian Mustard

Native to Medit. and s.w. Asia.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Kelly McAndrew, 6 miles n. of Claremont, 35 feet n.e. of mt. road, 1 mile n.w. of Euclild Rd., May 9, 1992, 2800-3000 ft. (854 m.)

Camelina microcarpa Andrz. ex F.C., Littlepod False Flax

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, Swartout Valley Ranger’s Cabin, July 7, 1922, 5900 ft. (1798 m.)

SBCo.: No records found:

Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik., Shepherd’s Purse

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.) at mouth of San Gabriel River, Azusa/Duarte, R.G. Swinney, Feb. 16, 1998, to 6862 ft. (2092 m.) at Big Pines Park, w. of Wrightwood, B.C. Templeton, June 17, 1932; all year; uncommon in disturbed areas; montane, cismontane

FVS: Feb., 1888, H. Twining, Rincon

SBCo.: Stoddard Cyn., e. trib. of San Antonio Cyn., Apr. 4, 1998, 2450 ft.

(747 m.)

Other records:

R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, Chapman Ranch, above Mt. Baldy Village, July 2, 1967,

4450 ft. (1357 m.); Vivian Manns, Lytle Cr. at Applewhite Cmpgd., Apr. 12, 1963, 3411 ft. (1040 m.)

FVS: Apr. 12, 1963

Cardamine californica (Nutt.) Greene, Tooth Wort, Milkmaids

[synonyms: Dentaria californica Nutt. and C. californica var. cardiophylla (Greene) Rollins and C. californica var. cuniata (Greene) Rollins and C. californica var. integrifolia (Nutt.) Rollins and C. californica var. sinuata (Greene) O.E. Schulz and C. pachystigma var. dissectifolia (Detling) Rollins.] Two of these synonyms will be listed below and indented.

LACo.: From 1351 ft. (412 m.), at Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn. Wildernes Park, 1 mile e. of Glendora Mt. Rd., e. side of rd., R.G. Swinney, Mar. 14, 1990, to

2919 ft. (890 m.), at SDEF, Fern Cyn., R.G. Swinney, May 30, 1998; Jan.-Mar., May, July, Dec.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Dec. 16, 1907, W.R. Dadley, Deer Park Cyn. (near Monrovia), no elev. given

SBCo.: San Antonio Cyn. area, FS Rd. 2N04, Barrett-Stoddard Truck Rd. at Barrett Cyn., Apr. 1, 1995, 3920 ft. (1195 m.)

Other records:

I. Johnston, Cascade Cyn., (e. trib. of San Antonio Cyn.), June 15, 1917,

4497 ft. (1371 m.)

FVS: June 15, 1917

Synonym +Cardamine californica (Nutt.) Greene var. californica, Milkmaids

LACo.: From 1150 ft. (351 m.), at Big Dalton Cyn., Glendora, Lyman Benson, Mar. 25, 1945, to 6000 ft. (1828 m.), at mts. above Claremont, Moist Cyn., D.L. Crawford, Mar. 1, 1916; Jan.-Mar., May; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Mar. 19, 1910, Fordyce Grinnell Jr., Arroyo Seca (Seco-check)_____ Cyn.,

SBCo.: San Antonio Cyn., area, FS Road 2N04, (Barrett-Stoddard Truck Rd.), at Barrett Cyn., Apr. 1, 1995, no elev. given

Other records: None found.

Synonym Cardamine californica (Nutt.) Greene var. integrifolia (Nutt.) Rollins, Milkmaids

LACo.: T.S. Ross, Brown’s Gulch, draining to San Gabriel Cyn. at the base of San Gabriel Dam, May 24, 1992, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, n.w. slope of Smith Mt., along Bear Cr. Trail, May 24, 1968, no elev. given; Frank W. Peirson, Arroyo Seco, May 21, 1918, no elev. given; Frank W. Peirson, Pacoima Cyn., Oct. 16, 1918, 1797 ft. (548 m.); Geo. Moxley, Pacoima Cyn., near San Fernando, Mar. 11, 1917, no elev. given; L.E. Hoffman, Arryo (Arroyo-aded 2011) Seco, Angeles Natl. Forest, Mar. 18, 1926, no elev. given; Darley F. Howe, San dimas cyn., Mar. 1, 1915.

FVS: Mar. 1, 1915

SBCo.: D.D. Keck, cyn. 0.5 mi. above Devore Cyn., Pass, Dec. 23, 1924, no elev. given (location vague-possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Cardamine hirsuta L., Hairybittercress

Native to Europe.

LACo.: Azusa/Irwindale boundary, mouth of San Gabriel River Cyn., 100-400 meters n. of I-210 Fwy., 300 meters e. of river channel, Mar. 20, 2009, 581 ft.

(177 m.); Azusa (added-2010), El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, off Hwy. 39, Feb. 20, 2009, 1000 ft. (305 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Feb. 20, 2009

SBCo.: No records found.

Cardamine oligosperma Nutt., Little Western Bittercress

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., c. 100-350 meters n. of Foothill Blvd., e. bank, R.G. Swinney, Feb. 16, 1998, to 2919 ft. (890 m.), above San Dimas/LaVerne, SDEF, Fern Cyn.,R.G. Swinney, May 3, 1998; Feb.-May; rare; cismontane

FVS: Mar. 20, 1932, L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., 1699 ft. (518 m.)

SBCo.: S.D. White & Christine Mukai, Cucamonga, bajada w. of Beryl Ave., imm. south of Heritage Park, c. 3 road mi. n. of Foothill Blvd., Apr. 22, 1998,

1804 ft. (550 m.)

+Caulanthus amplexicaulis S. Watson, Claspingleaf Wild Cabbage or Caulanthus

[synonyms: C. amplexicaulis var. barbarae (J.T. Howell) Munz and C. amplexicaulis var. amplexicaulis]

LACo.: From 1900 ft. (579 m.) at mouth of Bear Cyn., off Soledad Cyn., May 23, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, to 9000 ft. (2743 m.) at w. Baldy Pk. on ridge running e. toward Old Baldy, July 27, 1971, R.F. Thorne, et. al.; Apr.- Aug.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: May, 1893, H.E. Hasse, Acton (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: Falling Rock Cyn., 0.4 mi. s. of Icehouse Cyn., July 9, 1996; Lost Cr. Cyn., south trib. to Icehouse Cyn., e. of Sheep Flats, July 22, 1994, 6599 ft.

(2012 m.); Cucamonga, FS Road 1N34 (Big Tree Truck Rd.), c. 4.7 mi. n.e. of jct. of Skyline & Almond Ave’s., June 28, 1994, 4820 ft. (1469 m.); N. Fk. Lytle Cr., 1.6 mi. n. of jct. of FS Road 3N33 & 3N06, c. 350-450 m. due w. of Shade Cmpgd., June 24, 1993, 5956 ft. (1816 m.); Middle Fk. of W. Fork of Lytle Cr., due n. of Mt. Harwood, c. 1 mi. w. of Stockton Flat, Aug, 19, 1998, 7282 ft.

(2220 m.); ; Thunder Mt. Ridge, w. of Thunder Mt. Pk., July 14, 1995, 7961 ft. (2427 m.); Baldy Bowl area, near Sierra Ski Hut, in small trib. with springs, July 13, 1995, 8039 ft. (2451 m.)

Other records:

F.R. Fosberg & Mildred E. Mathias, Mt. San Antonio, tr. from divide, June 23, 1931, 8200 ft. (2500 m.); I.M. Johnston, Ontario Pk., w. end, June 5, 1917,

5999 ft. (1829 m.); I.M. Johnston, upper San Antonio Cyn., July 3, 1917, 6750 ft.

(2057 m.), plus 2 additional records from San Antonio Cyn.; R.F. Thorne, above Middle Fk. Canyon Lytle Cr., along Cucamonga Pk. Trail, June 20, 1966, 7500 ft.

(2287 m.); Peter Fitsch & T. Ross, In draw and above rd. of cyn., n. to n.e. of Baldy Notch, July 12, 1990, 6424-7400 ft. (1959-2256 m.); F.W. Peirson, Icehouse Cyn., June 4, 1919, 5250 ft. (1600 m.); Scott D. White, San Antonio Cyn., below Santa Ana Falls, June 29, 1997, 6301 ft. (1921 m.), three additional records from the San Antonio Cyn. area; Robert F. Thorne, et. al., Devil’s Backbjone, Mt. San Antonio, June 12, 1971, 9000 ft. (2744 m.); S.B. Parish Icehouse Cyn., June 16, 1918, 5996 ft. (1828 m.); H.M. Hall, Lytle Cr., June 1-3, 1900, 4499-5999 ft. (1524-1829 m.)

FVS: June 1-3, 1900

Caulanthus cooperi (S. Watson) Payson, Cooper’s Jewelflower, Cooper’s Wild Cabbage

LACo.: From 3591 ft. (945 m.), at Aliso Cyn., c. 0.5 miles e. of Blum Ranch, L.C. Wheeler, Apr. 20, 1973, to 4300 ft. (1311 m.) at drainage w. of Little Rock Cr. Res., Orlando Mistretta, Apr. 5, 1995; Apr., May; uncommon in transmontane

FVS: Apr. 9, 1937, Lewis S. Rose, 6 miles s.e. of Llano, 3398 ft. (1036 m.)

SBCo.: Sheep Cr. near pinon Hills, 0.3 & 0.8 mi. s. of Hwy. 138 at Scrub Oak Rd., Apr. 5, 1995 & May 1, 1995,

Other records: None found

+Caulanthus heterophyllus (Nutt.) Payson, San Diego Wild Cabbage

[synonyms: C. heterophyllus var. heterophyllus and C. heterophyllus var. pseudosimulans E. Buck, ined.] Both listed below & indented.

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: s. trib. of San Antonio Cyn., between Evey & Spruce Cyns., June 25, 2000, 3080 ft. (939 m.)

Other records:

P.A. Munz, San Gabriel Cyn., Apr. 23, 1925, 1600 ft. (488 m.); F.W. Peirson, Fks. of San Gabriel River, Apr. 23, 1925, 1750 ft. (533 m.) (both collectors above may have been collecting together at same location); LeRoy Abrams, Mt. Wilson Trail, no date, 2998 ft. (914 m.)

FVS: Apr. 23, 1925

SBCo.: near Cucamonga, Day Cyn., 0.9 mi. n.e. of gaging station at mouth of cyn., Apr. 22, 1995, 3421 ft. (1043 m.)

Other records:

Benny & Wainwright, Day Cyn., May 12, 1971, 2798-3139 ft. (853-957 m.)

FVS: May 12, 1971

Synonym Caulanthus heterophyllus (Nutt.) Payson var. heterophyllus, San Diego Wild Cabbage

LACo.: P.A. Munz, San Gabriel Cyn., Apr. 23, 1925, 1600 ft. (488 m.); P.A. Munz & R.D. Harwood, San Dimas Cyn., Apr. 21, 1920, 1500 ft. (457 m.); F.W. Peirson, forks of San Gabriel River, Apr. 23, 1925, no elev. given; Anstruther Davidson, Rubio Cyn., Los Angeles, San Gab. Mts., May 1893, no elev. given

FVS: May, 1893

SBCo.: Barry Burnell, San Gab. Mts. region, Lytle Cr. Rd., 0.5 mi. above Pennstock Firebreak, May 9, 1971, 2600 ft. (792 m.)

Synonym Caulanthus heterophyllus (Nutt.) Payson var. pseudosimulans R.E. Buck, ined., San Diego Wild Cabbage (based on minor flower color differences)

Status: CRPR: CBR

LACo.: Frank W. Peirson, Tujunga Cyn., Mar. 30, 1919, 1397 ft. (426 m.); Frank W. Peirson, c. Rubio Cyn. (n. outskirt s. of Altadena), June 4, 1918, 1998 ft.

(609 m.); Harley P. Chandler, Claremont, Apr. 12, 1897, 1998 ft. (609 m.)

FVS: Apr. 12, 1897

SBCo.: No records found.

+Caulanthus inflatus S. Watson, Desert Candle

LACo.: Carr Cyn., 0.3 mi. s.e. of Mt. Emma Rd. crossing, (on dark-brown San Andreas Rift Zone soil,-added 2011), May 5, 2009, 3119 ft. (951 m.)

Other reocrds:

L.C. Wheeler, 40th St. E. between the California Water Project Const. & Barrel Springs Rd., Apr. 20, 1973, no elev. given

FVS: Apr. 20, 1973

SBCo.: No records found.

Caulanthus lasiophyllus (Hook. & Arn.) Greene, California Mustard

[synonyms: Guillenia lasiophyllus (Hook. & Arn.) Greene and Thelypodium lasiophyllum (Hook. & Arn.) Greene

Highly variable in fl. size & seed number.

LACo.: From 630 ft. (192 m.), Azusa/Duarte, San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, 0.4-1 mile n. (upstream) of Puente Largo (Railway-added 2010) Bridge, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 21, 2009, to 5241 ft. (1598 m.), at Prairie Fk. of San Gabriel River, 300 meters w. of Cabin Flats Cmpgrd., R.G. Swinney, July 10, 1998; Apr., May, July, Aug.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: May 27, 1919, F.W. Peirson, hills w. of Arroyo Seco, 1397 ft. (426 m.)

SBCo.: Sheep Cr. near Pinon Hills, 0.8 mi. s. of Hwy 138, at Scrub Oak Rd. & 70-300 m. w. of Scrub Oak Rd., Apr. 5, 1995, 4579 ft. (1396 m.); w. of Cajon Wash & s. of Hwy 138, c. 1 mi. SSW of Cajon Jct., off FSRd. 3N49, Apr. 29, 1995, 3100 ft. (945 m.); lower Lytle Cr. Ridge, 11 mi. s.w. of jct. of Swarthout Cyn. Road & Applewhite Rd., c. 0.75 miles e. of Applewhite Cmpgrd., Apr. 22, 1995, 3001 ft. (915 m.)

Other records:

Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 15, 1971, 2500 ft. (761 m.); Gerald L. Benny, et. al., Day Cyn., Apr. 14, 1971, 3198 ft. (975 m.)

FVS: Apr. 14, 1971

Caulanthus major (M.E. Jones) Payson, Slender Wild Cabbage

(synonyms: C. major var. nevadensis Rollins and C. major var. major)

LACo.: W. of Wrightwood, c. 0.5 mi. n.w. of E. Table Mt. Summit, June 13, 1997, 6799 ft. (2073 m.), record by F.W. Peirson, at summit, at head of Le Montaine Cr., is the same location as author’s record at 0.5 mi. e. of E. Table Mt. Summit; Head of Cedar Cyn., ridge c. 200 m. n. of Big Pines Hwy., 0.5 mi. w. of jct. of Hwy. 2 & Big Pines Hwy., July 5, 1999, 7619 ft. (2323 m.); w. of Wrightwood, E. Table Mt. Summit, July 2, 1998, 7400 ft. (2256 m.)

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta, Table Mt., Sunrise Ski Area, June 28, 1993; F.W. Peirson, Le Montaine summit at head of Le Montaine Cr., July 5, 1922, 7002 ft. (2135 m.); T.S. Ross & Peter W. Fritsch, Big Rock Cr. Cyn., 120 meters NNW of Icy Springs, around a stone building that has been gutted by fire-The Webber Cabin, June 11, 1990, 5680 ft. (1732 m.); F.W. Peirson, Rock Cr., June 17, 1918, 5497 ft. (1676 m.); Joseph Ewan & Nesta Ewan, 1.5 mi. below head of Cedar Cyn. off Mescal Cr., Aug. 2, 1936, no elev. given; Gale Sphon, Big Rock Cyn., Icy Springs, June 27, 1959, no elev. given; Anstsruther Davidson, Big Rock Cr., July 4, 1893, no elev. given

FVS: July 4, 1893

SBCo.: Ridge n.e. of E. Table Mt., just e. of the LA/SB Co. boundary, June 13, 1997, 5999 ft. (1829 m.); W. Fork of Acorn Cyn., c. 0.25 mi. due n. of FS Road 3N06 on Blue Ridge, Aug. 6, 1999, 7000 ft. (2134 m.); Upper Lytle Cr. Divide, 1 mi. n.w. of Goblers Knob, c. 75 m. n. of Pacific Crest Tr., July 9, 1993, 6940 ft.

(2116 m.); s.w. slope of Circle Mt. & Summit, June 23, 1994, 6760-6796 ft. (2061-2072 m.); Wrightwood, 100 m. n. of Hwy 2, c. 200 m. w. of Twin Lakes Rd., June 11, 1994, 5717 ft. (1743 m.); s. of Oak Springs Ranch, c. 200 m. s. of Desert Front Rd. at s. entrance to O.S Ranch, May 27, 1996, 5576 ft. (1700 m.)

Other records:

Michael Denslow, et. al., s. of Wrightwood in minor drainage of Heath Cyn., June 2, 2003, 6501 ft. (1982 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Episcopal Camp at Wrightwood, June 3, 1992

FVS: June 3, 1992

Descurainia incisa (Engelm.) Britton ssp. incisa, Mountain Tansymustard

[synonym: D. incana (Bernh. ex Fisch. & C.A. Mey.) Dorn ssp. incisa (Engelm. ex A. Grant) Kartesz & Gandh.]

LACo.: Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock Cr., July, 1893

SBCo.: No records found.

Descurainia adenophora (Woot. & Standl.) O.E. Schulz, Blunt Tansymustard

[synonym: D. obtusa (Greene) O.E. Schulz ssp. adenophora (Woot. & Standl.) Detling]

LACo.:

Records for Crystal Lake, N. Fork San Gabriel River:

F.R. Fosberg & J. Ewan, Aug. 10, 1931, 5300 ft. (1616 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Aug. 2, 1932, 5501 ft. (1677 m.); T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd., et al., June 25, 1990, 5501 ft. (1677 m.); R.F. Thorne & M. Z. Thorne, July 19, 1967, 5550 ft. (1691 m.); F.R. Fosberg, Aug. 11, 1931, 5248 ft. (1600 m.)

Additional records:

Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock, July 4, 1893

FVS: July 4, 1893

SBCo.: No records found.

Descurainia pinnata (Walter) Britton, Western Tansymustard

ssp. hallictorum, intermedia and menziesii, represent a heterogeneous mixture of intermediates with D. pinnata and its hybrids with other ssp. They are listed below and indented.

LACo.: From 3159 ft. (963 m.), at Littlerock Cr., c. 200 m. below (north of) Littlerock Cr. Dam, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 24, 2009, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.) at summit of E. Table Mt., Wrightwood area, R.G. Swinney, July 2, 1998; Apr.-Aug.; fairly common in transmontane, uncommon in cismontane

FVS: Jan 25, 1919, Frank W. Peirson, Arroyo Seco, San Gab. Mts., 1246 ft.

(380 m.)

SBCo.: 0.2 mi. s. of Hwy. 138 on Beekley Rd., 1 mile s.w. of Phelen near Yucca Inn., Mar. 25, 1995, 4441 ft. (1354 m.); Controversy Spring, USFS Rd. 3N37, c. 0.4 mi. s. of Hwy 138, Cajon Cyn., May 1, 1995, 4559 ft. (1390 m.); Upper Lytle Cr., 1.6 mi. n. of the jct. of FS Road 3N06 & 3N33, c. 400 m. w. of Shade Cmpgrd., June 24, 1993, 5960 ft. (1817 m.); c. 300 m. s. of Lone Pine Cyn. Road, c. 4 mi. w. of Swarthout Cyn. Road, June 22, 1993

Other records: None found.

FVS: June 22, 1993

Descurania pinnata (Walder) Britton ssp. glabra (Woot. & Standl.) Detling, Western Tansymustard

LACo.: T.S. Ross, Fort Tejon Rd., 0.1 miles w. of jct. with Hwy. 138, c. 0.25-0.3 miles w. of co. line, Apr. 27, 1991, 3880-3950 ft. (1183 m.) (may be n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary); Steven R. Hill & K. Kramer, s. side of Hwy. 138, just e. of Palmdale & c. 1 mile w. of Little Rock, w. side of Little Rock Wash, Apr. 22, 2001, 2821 ft. (860 m.) ( at far n. end of San Gab. Mts. boundary); LeRoy Gross, Orlando Mistretta, et al., Big Rock Cr., n. & e. of Valyermo Ranger Station, off Big Pines Hwy. May 13, 2003, 3749 ft. (1143 m); Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et al., off Big Pines Hwy. (Rd. N), near Shoemaker Cyn., along ridge, wash & roadside, May 6, 2005, 4736 ft. (1444 m.); R.F. Thorne, A.C. Gibson, et al., c. 2 miles s. of Hwy. 138, 8 miles ESE of Pearblossum on Grandview Cyn. Road, Apr. 17, 1970, 3900 ft. (1189 m.); Ruth B. Randell, Recreation Ground, Big Pine, Swartough (Swarthout Valley-added 2010), July 9, 1931, no elev. given

FVS: July 9, 1931

SBCo.: LeRoy Gross & Valerie Soza, Sheep Cr., n.e. of Wrightwood, Swarthout Valley, June 9, 2003, 5600 ft. (1707 m.)

Synonym Descurainia pinnata (Walter) Britton ssp. halictorum (Cockerell) Detling, Western Tansymustard

LACo.: Orlando Mistretta, Alimony Ridge, Juniper Hills, May 4, 1992, 4800 ft. (1463 m.); Sula Vanderplank, et. al., off Big Pines Hwy (Rd. N), near Shoemaker Cyn., May 6, 2005, (1444 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Fenner Cyn. Conservation Camp, May 25, 1992, 5700 ft. (1738 m.); LeRoy Gross, Orlando Mistretta, et al., Big Rock Cr., n. & e. of Valyermo Ranger Station, off Big Pines Hwy., May 13, 2003, 3750 ft. (1143 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Right Star Mine, s. of Acton, May 21, 1992, no elev. given; Orlando Mistretta, Little Rock Cr. Management Unit Carr Section, Mar. 24, 1995, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Big Rock Cr., 3/4 miles n. of Big Rock Springs, Apr. 17, 1968, 3800 ft. (1158 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Hunt Cyn., 3 miles e. of Vincent, May 12, 1967, 3500 ft. (1067 m.); F.W. Peirson, Big Pines Camp, July 6, 1922, 6849 ft. (2088 m.); Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, So. California transmission line tower (Seg 6, Structure 18 per TRTP Survey-2008), vic. of Aliso Cyn., w. of the Angeles Forest Hwy., Apr. 14, 2008, 4067 ft.

(1240 m.); Grinnell, Pacoima Cyn., Apr. 3, 1921 (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Apr. 3, 1921

SBCo.: Cajon Wash, c. 1 mi. s.e. of Controversy Spring, c. 1 mi. s. of Hwy 138, Apr. 29, 1994, 4497 ft. (1371 m.); Upper Lytle Cr., 1.6 mi. n. of jct of USFS Rd. 3N06 & 3N33, c. 400 m. w. of Shade Cpgd., June 24, 1993, 5960 ft. (1817 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, Cajon Cyn., 2 miles n.w. of Devore, Apr. 20, 1973,

3400 ft. (1036 m.); Gerald L. Benny & C.M. Wainwright, Day Cyn., Apr. 21, 1971, 2400 ft. (732 m.)

FVS: Apr. 21, 1971

Synonym Descuraina pinnata (Walter) Britton ssp. intermedia (Rydb.) Detling, Western Tansymustard

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Aliso Cyn., e. of Acton, c. 1 mi. downstream from Wagon Wheel Ranch, May 9, 1967, 3500 ft. (1067 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Little Rock Cr., slopes e. of cr., opposite confl. with Kitter Cyn., May 13, 1994, 4600 ft. (1402 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Little Rock Cr., slopes e. of Little Rock Reservoir, May 8, 1992, 3500 ft. (1067 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Hunt Cyn., 3 miles e. of Vincent, May 12, 1967, 3500 ft. (1067 m.)

FVS: May 9, 1967

SBCo.: No records found.

Synonym Descuraina pinnata (Walter) Britton ssp. menziesii (DC.) Detl., Western Tansymustard

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, Big Pines Camp, July 6, 1922, 6849 ft. (2088 m.)

T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., Soledad Cyn. Wash, c. 1/2 mile e. of Acton, Apr. 30, 1991, 2720 ft. (829 m.); Ernest Braunton, Glendora, Jan 15, 1903, no elev. given (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary); F.W. Peirson, foot of Arroyo Seco Cyn., Pasadena, Jan 25, 1919, 1246 ft. (380 m.); F.W. Peirson, at Altadena, San Gab. Mts., Mar. 1918, no elev. given; Anonym., above Claremont, Mar. 10, 1898, no elev. given;

FVS: Mar. 10, 1898

SBCo.: Controversy Spring, FS Rd. 3N37, c. 0.4 mi. s. of Hwy. 138, Cajon Cyn., near Mt. Top Jct., May 1, 1995, 4559 ft. (1390 m.)

Other records:

S.D. White, Wrightwood area, Sheep Cr. & adj. lower e.-facing slopes,

Apr. 30, 1998, 5400-5800 ft. (1646-1768 m.); R.F. Thorne & c.W. Tilforth, Mormon Rock & Cajon Cyn., Apr. 20, 1973, 3400 ft. (1036 m.)

FVS: Apr. 20, 1973

Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl., Herb Sophia

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: From 3277 ft. (999 m.), at Little Rock Cr., upstream of Little Rock Reservoir to confl. with Santiago Cr., Justin M. Wood, May 10, 2010, to 5290 ft. (1612 m.), at Mill Cr. Tree Plantation, T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, May 17, 1990; Apr.-June; rare; transmontane, montane at Mill Cr., cismontane

FVS: May 17, 1931, Freda Detmers, Big Rock Creek Cyn.

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne & Selwyn Everist, Mt. Baldy Notch, July 3, 1971, 7800 ft. (2378 m.); F.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, Mormon Rocks & Cajon Cyn. Apr. 20, 1973, 3400 ft. (1036 m.); L.C. Wheeler e. side of mouth of San Antonio Cyn., 0.5 mi. s. of Stoddard Cyn., May 10, 1969, 2350 ft. (716 m.); LeRoy Gross & Valerie Soza, Sheep Cr., n.e. of Wrlightwood, Swarthout Valley, June 9, 2003, 5599 ft.

(1707 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Wildhorse Cyn. at Angeles Crest Hwy., May 9, 1968, 4700 ft. (1432 m.)

FVS: May 9, 1968

Draba albertina Greene, Slender Draba

LACo.: Wayne E. Sawyer, Lily Spring, June 16, 1981, c. 8050 ft. (2454 m.);

Robert F. Thorne & DeBuhr, Lily springs area on n. slope of Mt. Hawkins, S. Fork Big Rock Cr., June 28, 1974, 7997 ft. (2438 m.);

FVS: June 28, 1974

SBCo.: No records found.

Draba corrugata S. Watson, Southern California Draba

(synonym: D. corrugata S. Watson var. corrugata)

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 6400 ft. (1950 m.) at c. 1 mi. w. of Wrightwood, along Big Pines Hwy, R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, July 10, 1969, to 1008 ft. (3072 m.) at just below summit of San Antonio Pk., H. Dearing & M. Dearing, July 8, 1937; May-Nov.; uncommon; montane

FVS: July 26, 1915, Albert J. Perkins, Mt. San Antonio, 10000 ft. (3049 m.)

SBCo.: s. of Wrightwood, c. 600 m. e. of Guffy Cmpgrd., n. of Pacific Crest Tr.,

June 12, 1994, 8200 ft. (2500 m.); Pine Mountain, Aug. 10, 1995, 9479 ft.

(2890 m.)

Other records:

Fred Burlew, Mt. San Antonio June, 1916, no elev. given; S.B. Parish, Icehouse Cyn., June 16, 1918, 7495 ft. (2285 m.); I.M. Johnston, Ontario Pk., June 5, 1917, 8495 ft. (2590 m.); P.A. Munz, Cucamonga Pk., June 19, 1922, 7997 ft. (2438 m.); I.M. Johnston, Kelly’s Cabin, Ontario Pk., July 30, 1911, 8495 ft.

(2590 m.)

FVS: July 30, 1911

Draba cuneifolia Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray, Wedgeleaf Draba

[synonyms: D. cuneifolia var. cuneifolia and D. cuneifolia var. integrifolia S. Watson and D. cuneifolia var. sonorae (Greene) Parish]

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, 0.5 miles n.e. of Webb School, LaVerne, edge of San Gab. Mt. foothills, Feb. 28, 1931, 1350 ft. (411 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Kinneloa Cyn., near mouth, Feb. 19, 1950, 1000 ft. (304 m.); Geo. B. Grant, Eaton Wash Mar. 24, 1901, no elev. given (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Mar. 24, 1901

SBCo.: No records found.

Draba lonchocarpa Rydb., Spear-fruited Drabe or Lance-fruited Draba

[synonym: D. vestita ? and D. lonchocarpa Rydb. var. vestita Schulz and D. nivalis Lilj. var. denudata (O.E. Schulz) C.L. Hitchc.]

Status: CRPR ? S1 G4T3SNR

LACo.: Fred Burlew, Mt. San Antonio, June 1, 1915, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Erysimum asperum (Nutt.) DC., Western Wall Flower

Perhaps not det. to var. level. All vars. of E. asperum were reassigned to E. capitatum.

LACo.: Joseph Andorfer Ewan, Mt. Gleason, May 29, 1932, 56997 ft. (1737 m.);

SBCo.: R.L. Webster, s.e. facing slope along old Baldy Rd., 1 mi. below old prisoner road camp, Apr. 28, 1957, 1998 ft. (609 m.)

Erysimum capitatum (Douglas ex Hook.) Greene, Sanddune Wallflower

LACo.: From 745 ft. (227 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel River Cyn., 400 meters n.e. of River Bike Path parking lot at Hwy. 39, Mar. 16, 2009, R.G. Swinney, to 8519 ft. (2591 m.), at Blue Ridge, John Thomas Howell, July 18, 1947; Jan-July; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: Mar. 14, 1897, H.P.C., San Dimas Cyn., roadside, 1998 ft. (609 m.)

SBCo.: From 1998 ft. (609 m.), at mouth of San Anltonio Cyn., B.D. Stack, Mar. 22, 1934 and near jct. of Swartout Cyn. Rd. & Lone Pine Cyn. Rd., F.S. Gereb, Apr. 10, 1968, to 6481 ft. (1976 m.) at Upper Lytle Cr. Ridge near Gobbler’s Knob, saddle between 2 ridgetops at w. end of Sheep Cr. Truck Rd., R.G. Swinney, June 30, 1992; Mar.-July; uncommon; transmontane, montane, cismontane

FVS: July 29, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Icehouse Cyn., San Antonio Mts., 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

Erysimum capitatum (Douglas ex Hook.) Greene var. capitatum, Western Wallflower, Sanddune Wallflower

[synonyms: E. capitatum var. angustatum (Greene) Rossbach and E. capitatum var. lompocense (Rossbach) Kartesz and E. capitatum ssp. angustatum ined. and E. capitatum ssp. capitatum ined. and E. capittum ssp. lompocense ined.]

LACo.: From 740 ft. (226 m.) at mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 75 m. n. of Hwy 39, 0.8 mi. n. of Sierra Madre Ave., Azusa, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 16, 2009, to 6880 ft. (2098 m.), NNE of Pacifico Mt. Summit, (27 deg., 425 min.) & ESE of Sheep Camp Spring (100 deg., 405 min.) at the headwaters of Santiago Cyn.,T.S. Ross, Orlando Mistretta, et al., July 1,1994; Feb-Sep.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: May, 1902, F.G. Reed, Cobal Cyn., n. of Claremont, 1500 ft. (457 m.)

SBCo.: From 1200 ft. (366 m.) at mouth of San Antonio Cyn., B.D. Stark, Aug. 17, 1933, to 8505 ft. (2582 m.) at Wright Mt. summit, R.G. Swinney, July 12, 1993; Mar.-Aug.; uncommon; all 4 sections

FVS: July 20, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Baldy Lookout of US Forest Service, 6000 ft. (1828 m.)

Hirschfeldia incana (L.) Lagr.-Foss., Shortpod Mustard

Generic status uncertain, possibly best included in Erucastrum or expanded Brassica.

(synonym: Brassica geniculata)

Native to Medit.

LACo.: From 540 ft. (165 m.) at mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., just s. of Foothill Blvd., R.G. Swinney, Dec. 2, 2008, to 4100 ft. (1249 m.) at 0.5 mi. WNW of Pine Mt., L.C. Wheeler, Nov 29, 1967; Apr.-Dec.; common; transmontane at Big Rock Cr., 1/4 mile s. of Big Rock Springs, L.C. Wheeler, May 31, 1967, 4000 ft.

(1219 m.), Apr.-June, Sep., Dec.; fairly common, cismontane

FVS: May 18, 1931, L.E. Hoffman, Big Santa Anita Cyn., no elev. given

SBCo.: From 2000 ft. (610 m.) at Glen Helen Regeional Park, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 9, 1994, to 4920 ft. (1500 m.) at Clyde Ranch, Lone Pine Cyn., R.G. Swinney, Oct. 23, 2008; Feb.-Nov.; common; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Nov. 17, 1942, L.C. Wheeler, 0.25 miles n.e. of mouth of Lytle Cr., on rd. to Devode, no elev. given

Lepidium appelianum Al-Shehbaz, Hairy Whitetop

[synonym: Cardaria pubescens (C.A. Mey.) Jarmolenko]

Native to c. Asia.

LACo.: LeRoy Gross & Bruce Campbell, Blue Ridge Rd. (3N06), & Rd. (3N39), top of Praire Fk., east. of Lupine Cmpgrd., June 29, 2006

SBCo.: No records found.

Lepidium didymum L. Lesser Swinecress

[syononym: Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm.]

Native to S. America.

LACo.: San Dimas, Puddingstone Diversion Dam, at mouth of San Dimas Cyn., Mar. 26, 2008, 1161 ft. (354 m.); San Gabriel Cyn., along old road/trail at El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, May 30, 2008, 840 ft. (256 m.); San Gabriel River, under the Puente Largo Railway Bridge, 0.5 meters n. of Foothill Blvd. on e. side of Encanto Pkwy. w. of (e. of-added 2011) El Encanto Park in Duarte, 604 ft. (184 m.)

Other records: Justin M. Wood, City of San Dimas, Sycamore Cyn., Falcon Ranch, Apr. 22, 2009, 1351 ft. (412 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Georges Gap on divide between Clear Cr. & Arroyo Seco, Apr. 9, 1972, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Millard Cyn., c. Natl. Forest boundary, Apr. 9, 1973, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., Apr. 19, 1969, 1800 ft. (548 m.)

FVS: Apr. 19, 1969

SBCo.: A.C. Sanders, Tracy Tennant, et al., Etiwanda, w. side of Etiwanda Cr., on n. side of Hwy. 30 (Highland Ave.), Mar. 12, 1998, 1450 ft. (442 m.) (at far s. boundary of San Gab. Mts.)

Lepidium draba L. Heart-podded Hoary Cress, Whitetop

[synonym: Cardaria draba (L.) Desv.]

Native to Europe.

LACo.: J.B. Walker, Glendora Ridge Rd., 12 km. west of Baldy Village, Mar. 30, 1995, 3936 ft. (1200 m.); Gary Kovnat & Le Roy Gross, Gold Cr., Ecological Preserve, S. Terrace, W. Meadow Ecotone, Apr. 25, 2004, no elev. given; T.S. Ross, Glendora Ridge Rd. on the divide between Upper E. Fork San Dimas Cyn. & Lower Cow Cyn., drawing toward the latter, Apr. 21, 1992, 4320 ft. (1317 m.); Kelly Middleton & David Middleton, Glendora Ridge Rd., 4.4 miles w. of Mt. Baldy Rd. Jct., May 8, 1988, 4002 ft. (1220 m.)

FVS: May 8, 1988

SBCo.: No records found.

Lepidium flavum Torr., Yellow Pepperweed

(synonym: L. flavum var. felipense C.L. Hitchc.)

LACo.: N.C. Cooper, Little Rock Cr., Apr. 21, 1948, 2500 ft. (761 m.); Lewis S. Rose, 6 miles s.e. of Llano, Apr. 9, 1937, 3398 ft. (1036 m.)

FVS: Apr. 9, 1937

SBCo.: No records found.

Lepidium fremontii S. Watson, Desert Pepperwood

(synonyms: L. fremontii ssp. fremontii and L. fremontii var. stipitatum Rollins)

LACo.: Little Rock Cr., just below Littlerock Cr. Dam, in trib. cyn. to the east, Apr. 24, 2009, 3280 ft. (1000 m.); Carr Cyn., 200 m. s. of Mt. Emma Rd., 0.3 mi. e. of Little Rock Cr., Apr. 2009; Le Montaine Cyn., c. 0.25 miles s. of Camp Jubilee Rd., May 22, 1999, 5281 ft. (1610 m.); Bob’s Gap, e. end of Hollcomb Ridge, Apr. 18, 2001, 4198 ft. (1280 m.); Mescal Cyn., w. of Pinon Hills, 2.3 mi. n. of jct. of Hwy 2 & Mescal Cyn. Rd., July 6, 1998, 5399 ft. (1646 m.); Mescal Highland, 1 mile s. of Ft. Tejon Rd. & 237th St. jct., May 16, 1998, 4280 ft.

(1305 m.); Littlerock Cr., just below Littlerock Cr. Dam, in trib. canyon to the east, Apr. 24, 2009, 3280 ft. (1000 m.); Mescal Highlands, w. of Pinon Hills, May 16, 1998, 4280 ft. (1305 m.);

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, et. al., Grandview Cyn. Rd., c. 3 mi. s. of Hwy 138 on Grandview Cyn. Rd., Apr. 17, 1970, 4200 ft. (1280 m.); R.F. Thorne & G. Wallace, Jct. of Pallett Cr. & Longview Rd., c. 4 mi. s. of Pearblossum, Apr. 24, 1973, 3850 ft. (1174 m.); Big Rock Creek: LeRoy Gross, et. al., May 13, 2003, 3749 ft.

(1143 m.); Little Rock Creek: F.W. Peirson, May 19, 1921; Orlando Mistretta, Apr. 12, 1994; Thorne et. al., Apr. 20 1982; & N.C. Cooper, Apr. 21, 1948; Bob’s Gap: R.F. Thorne et. al., Apr. 20, 1982; Sula Vanderplank et. al., May 6, 2005; H.M. Hall, vic. of Rock Cr., May 1, 1902, 3500 ft. (1067 m.)

FVS: May 1, 1902

SBCo.: Sheep Cr., w. of Pinon Hills at Scrub Oak Rd., 0.8 mi. s. of Hwy 138, Apr. 5, 1995, 4579 ft. (1396 m.)

Other records:

K. Waln., Cajon Cyn., Mormon Rocks, May 4, 1978

FVS: Apr. 5, 1995

Lepidium latiflolium L., Perennial or Broadleaved Pepperweed

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: LeRoy Gross, Devil’s Gate Reservoir, n.e. of San Rafael Hills, in Arroyo Seco River Channel, just w. of Altadena, Oct. 05, 2002, 1099 ft. (335 m.)

SBCo.: n.e. corner of Cajon Jct., w. base of Wye Pk., adjacent to I-215 Frwy on its e. side, July 8, 2005, 3220 ft. (just e. of E. San Gab. Mts. boundary in the San Bernardino Mts.)

Other records: None found.

Lepidium nitidum Nutt., Shining Pepperweed

[synonyms: L. nitidum var. nitidum and L. nitidum var. howellii C.L. Hitchc. and L. nitidum var. oreganum (Greene) C.L. Hitchc.]

LACo.: Azusa, 0.7 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave. on n. side of San Gabriel River Channel, c. 100 meters n. of Hwy. 39, Mar. 19, 2009, 754 ft. (230 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, 0.4 miles s.w. Big Cieneja (Cienega-added 2010) on ridge on s. side of Big Dalton Cyn., near mouth, Apr.1, 1969, 2100 ft. (640 m.)

FVS: Apr. 1, 1969

SBCo.: No records found.

Lepidium ramosissimum A. Nelson, Bourgeau’s Pepperweed

[synonym: L. ramosissimum var. bourgeanum (Thell.) Rollins]

LACo.: T.S. Ross & Peter Fritsch, mouth of Burro Cyn. near confl. of E. & W. Fk. San Gabriel River, June 20, 1990, 1460-1530 ft. (445-466 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Lepidium strictum (S. Watson) Rattan, Upright Pepperweed

LACo.: LeRoy Gross, John Gross, et al., Valley Forge Cmpgrd., in W. Fork of San Gabriel River, Apr. 27, 2002, 3467 ft. (1057 m.); T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, Live Oak Cmpgrd., Tujunga Ranger Dist. at confl. of Sand & Bear Cyns. (draining to the Santa Clara River, c. 3.5 miles north), May 15, 1990, 2119-2198 ft.

(646-670 m.)

FVS: May 15, 1990

SBCo.: No records found.

Lepidium virginicum L., Pepperweed

LACo.: Iron Fk., weast trib. of East Fk. San Gabriel River, c. 200 m. above confl. with San Gabriel River, July 28, 1999, 3119 ft. (951 m.); upper East Fk., San Gabriel River, at cliff seep, c. 100 m. below Falls Gulch, July 6, 1998, 1000 ft. (305 m.); Claremont, 0.5-1.0 miles n.e. of Padua Hills Resturaunt, on Padua Dr., Apr. 11, 1998, 2519 ft. (768 m.); Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn. Wilderness Park, 0.4 miles e. of Glendora Mt. Road, Apr. 26, 1989, 1200 ft. (366 m.)

Other records:

J. Adams, Claremont, Thompson’s Wash, n. end of Indian Hill Blvd., Mar. 20, 1965, 1397 ft. (426 m.); K. Hultgren, San Antonio Cyn., May 23, 1968, no elev. given; J. Olmstead, Johnson’s Pastures, with s.w. drainage along Thompson Cr., 1 & 1/4 miles n.w. of jct. of Indian Hill & Baseline, n.w. Claremont, Mar. 17, 1958, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Tanbark Flats, Pomona, SDEF, June 26, 1936, 2598 ft. (792 m.); R. Hoffman, Soledad Cyn., July 7, 1928, no elev. given; Frank W. Peirson, hills w. Arroyo Seco, Mar. 3, 1921, 1397 ft. (368 m.)

FVS: Mar. 3, 1921

SBCo.: I.J. Condit, near Upland, San Antonio Cyn., c. 1910, no elev. given

Lepidium virginicum L. var. menziesii (DC.) Thell, common name uncertain

[synonyms: L. virginicum var. pubescens (Greene) Thell. and L. virginicum var. robinsonii (Thell.) C.L. Hitchc.,] Both ssp. of L. virginicum listed below and indented.

Synonym Lepidium virginicum L. var. pubescens (Greene) Thell., Hairy Pepperweed, (status uncertain)

LACo.: From 1000 ft. (305 m.) at San Gabriel Cyn., P.A. Munz, Apr. 23, 1925, to 6140 ft. (18872 m.), at Jackson Lake, s. side of Big Plines lHwy., R.G. Swinney, Oct. 16, 2008; Feb.-June, Oct.; uncommon; transmontane at Sulphur Spring Cmpgrd area, S. Fk. Little Rock Cr., R.G. Swinney, Oct. 10, 2008, 5199 ft. (1585 m.), montane at Jackson Lake, cismontane

FVS: Mar. 17, 1920, R.D. Harwood, 0.5 miles n. of San Dimas, 1200 ft. (366 m.)

SBCo.: Mouth of Day Cyn., Apr. 22, 1995, 3201 ft. (976 m.); Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 4, 1998, 2450 ft. (747 m.); southernmost trib. from the west of E. Fk. of Etiwanda Cyn., Apr. 5, 1997; 0.3 mi. e. of Lytle Cr. Rd., jct. of Meyer & Lytle Cr. Cyns., Apr. 5, 1994, 2201 ft. (671 m.); San Antonio Cyn., Apr. 16, 1994, 2601 ft. (793 m.)

Other records:

Uncommon from 2001ft. (610 m.) at Mouth of Day Cyn., Apr. 20 1994, John Wear & Nathan Moorhatch, to 5501 ft. (1677 m.) along Holcomb Cr, where crossed by 3N16, July 3, 1979

FVS: June 18, 1932, F.R. Fosberg, Hogsback, San Antonio Cyn., 4264 ft.

(1300 m.)

Synonym +Lepidium virginicum L. var. robinsonii (Thell.) C.L. Hitchc., Robinson’s Pepperweed (status uncertain)

Status:

CRPR 1B.2 S2.2 G5T2?

LACo.: mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., Azusa/Duarte, Mar. 2009; El Encanto Wilderness Park, San Gabriel Cyn., Feb. 20, 2009

Other records:

R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, San Dimas Cyn., along creek near Nat. Forest boundary, Apr. 9, 1971, 1250 ft.. (380 m.); Steve Boyd, T.S. Elias, ridge between Pine Mt. & Silver Mtn., s. of Rincon-Red Box Rd., n. of Glendora, Apr. 14, 1987, no elev. given; T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, lower Graveyard Cyn., trib. of San Gabriel River, Apr. 25, 1991, 1680-1740 ft. (512-5305 m.); unknown, Big Tujunga Cyn., c. 2.4 air-miles s.e. of Mt. McKinley, c. 4.3 air-miles n.e. of Mt. Gleason Junior Highschool, Delta Flat Picnic Area, alluvial terrace, n. of Big Tujunga Cr., Feb. 23, 2008, 1735 ft. (529 m.); G.F. Orr, S. Fork San Gabriel Cyn., Mar. 29, 1956, 1400 ft. (426 m.); H.J. Ramsey, North Craig Ave, Altadena, Jan 9, 1938, no elev. given; Geo. L. Moxley, Pacoima Cyn., near San Fernando, Mar. 11, 1917, no elev. given;

FVS: Mar. 11, 1917

SBCo.: San Antonio Cyn., e. side of wash, near cliff, Apr. 16, 1994, 2600 ft.

(793 m.)

Synonym Lepidium virginicum L. var. virginicum, Pepperweed

LACo.: Thos. Craig, near Little Rock Dam, June, 19, 1927, no elev. given; T.S. Ross, Horse Flats, Aug. 16, 1991, 5642 ft. (1720 m.); LeRoy Gross & Bruce Campbell, Blue Ridge Rd. (3N06) and Rd. 3N39, top of Praire Fk., e. of Lupine Cmpgrd., June 29, 2006; V. Soza & LeRoy Gross, Santa Anita 1999 Fire area, between Little Santa Anita & Santa Anita Cyns., Apr. 18, 2001, 2401 ft. (732 m.); Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, So. Calif. Edison transmission line corridor (Seg. 6, structure 106 per TRTP Survey 2008) Upper Fish Cyn., May 16, 2008, 3287 ft. (1002 m.) and (Seg. 6, structure 102 along divide between Monrovia Cyn. & Fish Cyn. at 3723 ft. (1135 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Kinneloa Cyn., Mar. 23, 1947, no elev. given; Orlando Mistretta, Krakta Ridge, Spring by rd., July 67, 1992, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, summit of Mt. Wilson, Nov. 2, 1918, no elev. given

FVS: Nov. 2, 1918

SBCo.: No records found.

Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv., Sweet Alyssum

Native to Medit., Europe.

LACo.: From 541 ft. (165 m.), at mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., between Foothill Blvd. & the I-210 Frwy., from main river channel to 300 meters east, R.G. Swinney, Dec. 2, 2008, to 2750 ft. (838 m.), at Little Santa Anita Cyn., w. side along Mt. Wilson Trail, L.C. Wheeler, Dec. 6, 1969; Jan.-June, Oct.-Dec.; rare; cismontane

FVS: Jan. 13, 1929, Benjamine Rice, Sierra Madre, San Gab. Mts.

SBCo.: Glen Helen Regional Park, Oct. 9, 1994, 2001 ft. (610 m.); Lytle Cr. Cyn., Rd. 1N32, c. 0.25 m. north of Devore Rd., Mar. 8, 1993, 622 ft. (190 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, July 13, 1967 & R.F. Thorne, Apr. 14, 1968; L.C. Wheeler, San Antonio Cyn., Oct. 26, 1969; Mark Parratt, just n. of Campus Library, Chaffey Collerge, Upland, Mar. 11, 1960, 1752 ft. (534 m.)

FVS: Mar. 11, 1960

Lunaria annua L., Moonwort, Annual Honesty

Native to Europe.

LACo.: Big Santa Anita Cyn., upstream from Sturtevant Falls, Aug. 2010

Other records:

Bill Kelley, naturalized in Big Santa Anita Cyn., below Chantry Flat, June 1,1983, no elev. given; R.C. Wrightman & J.L. Johnson, First Water Resort (Santa Anita Cyn.-added 2011), May 4, 1973, no elev. given

FVS: May 4, 1973

SBCo.: J.A. Adams, San Bernardino Mts. region, Lytle Cr. Rd., 0.25 mi. below Glenn Ranch, June 12, 1965, 5000 ft. (1524 m.)

Nasturtium officinale W.T. Aiton, Water Cress

[synonym: Rorippa nasturtium aquatica (L.) Hayeck]

LACo.: From 660 ft. (201 m.) at mouth of San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, Azusa/Duarte, 1 mi. n. of Foothill Blvd., R.G. Swinney, Dec. 4, 2008, to 4592 ft. (1400 m.), below Camp Baldy, San Antonio Cyn., F.R. Fosberg, June 18, 1932; Apr.-July; common in water courses; all 3 sections

FVS: June 18, 1932, F.R. Fosberg, below Camp Baldy, San Antonio Cyn.,

4592 ft. (1400 m.)

SBCo.: From 2000 ft. (609 m.) at Glen Helen Regional Park, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 9, 1994, to 4198 ft. (1280 m.) at San Antonio Cyn. between Mt. Baldy Village & Ice House Cyn., Scott D. White & Michael Honer, June 29, 2004; Apr.-Aug.; fairly common in water courses; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Apr. 16, 1919, F.W. Peidrson, Cajon Pass, San Gab. Mts., 2247 ft.

(685 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Raphanus raphanistrum L., Jointed Charlock, Wild Radish

Native to Medit. Europe. Hybridizes with R. sativus to produce swarms highly variable in fl. color and fruit constriction.

LACo.: Michael Denslow, Glendora Ridge Mtwy., 1N26, w. of Glendora Mt. Rd., May 7, 2003, 2499 ft. (762 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Glendora, ridge s. of mouth of Big Dalton Cyn., Apr. 13, 1968, 1574 ft. (480 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Glendora, mesa between Little Dalton & Englewild Cyns., May 13, 1967, 1223 ft. (373 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Kagel Cyn., Apr. 8, 1973, 2200 ft. (670 m.); Doris (Hoover) Bowers, LaVerne Hills, Apr. 5, 1954, 1050 ft. (320 m.)

FVS: Apr. 5, 1954

SBCo.: Nor records found.

Raphanus sativus L., Cultivated Radish

Native to Medit. Europe. See note under R. raphanistrum.

LACo.: mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., just n. of I-210 Frwy., Mar. 2009, 550 ft.

(168 m.); Azusa, e. of Irwindale Ave., & n. of I-210 Fwy., Mar. 6, 2009, 499 ft.

(152 m.)

Other records:

J. Doughty, Graveyard Cyn., jct. of San Gabriel Cyn. Rd. & entrance to Follows Camp; Lyman Benson, Claremont, Mar. 27, 1948, 1200 ft. (366 m.); Robert Perkins, San Antonio Cyn., Mar. 24, 1935; L.C. Wheeler, 1/4 mi. n. of El Encanto, San Gabriel Cyn., no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Glendora, between Little Dalton & Engelwild cyns., May 13, 1967, 1225 ft. (373 m.); T.B. Salvato & Sandra Muncia, Santa Anita Reservoir, proposed 4 acre sediment placement site, e. side of the channel & 0.4 miles s. of the Elkins Ave. entrance Gate, Mar. 28, 2007, 2099 ft. (640 m.); L.E. Hoffman, Arroyo Seco Cyn., Mar. 18, 1926, no elev. given

FVS: Mar. 18, 1926

SBCo.: R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, Chapman Ranch, above Mt. Baldy Village, July 2, 1967, 4450 ft. (1357 m.)

Rorippa curvipes Greene, Bluntleaf Yellowcress

(synonym: R. curvipes var. truncata (Jeps.) Rollins, Bluntleaf Yellowcress

LACo.: T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., vic. of Crystal Lake, June 25, 1990, 5501 ft. (1677 m.); R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, e. shore of Crystal Lake at upper end of cyn. of N. Fk. of San Gabriel River, Aug. 29, 1966, 5500 ft. (1677 m.); F.R. Fosberg & J.A. Ewan, Crystal Lake, N. Fk. of San Gabriel Cyn., Aug. 11, 1931, 5248 ft. (1600 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Crystal Lake, N. Fk. San Gabriel River, Aug. 2, 1932, 5500 ft. (1677 m.); F.W. Peirson, Crystal Lake, June 19, 1921, 5497 ft. (1676 m.)

FVS: June 19, 1921

SBCo.: No records found.

Rorippa curvisiliqua (Hook.) Besser ex Britton, Curvepod Yellowcress

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn. Debris Basin, Apr. 30, 2008, 1118 ft.

(341 m.); San Dimas, San Dimas Cyn., Puddingstone Diversion Dam, Oct. 20, 2008, 1161 ft. (354 m.); Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 1 mile n. of Foothill Blvd., Dec. 4, 2008, 659 ft. (201 m.); mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 0.7-1.2 miles n. and n.e. of Foothill Blvd., Azusa/Duarte, Mar. 31, 2009, 620 ft. (189 m.)

Other records: A.C. Sanders, Irvine/Azusa, long-abandoned gravel pit, e. of Irwindale Ave., s. of Fojothill Blvd., n. edge of 210 Frwy., San Gabriel River Channel, May 26, 2003, 522 ft. (159 m.); S.D. White, San Gabriel River Cyn., n. of Azusa, cyn. bottom & adj. slopes below San Gabriel Reservoir, May 8, 1997,

1200-1400 ft. (365-425 m.) (also det. as R. palustris);

FVS: May 8, 1997

SBCo.: Kathleen Stockwell, Upland Campus Ave., at e. end of 21st Street, under powerlines, June 10, 2003, 1719 ft. (524 m.)

Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser, Bog Yellowcress

Highly variable.

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn. Debris Basin, June 10, 1989, 1099 ft.

(335 m.) (also det. as R. curvisiliqua)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, San Dimas Cyn., near San Dimas Cr., Apr. 9, 1971, 1250 ft. (381 m.)

FVS: Apr. 9, 1971

SBCo.: No records found.

Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser ssp. palustris , Marsh Yellow-cress, Western Bog Yellowcress

[synonym: R. palustris (L.) Besser ssp. occidentalis (S. Watson) Abrams]

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn. Debris Basin, June 16, 1989, 1099 ft.

(335 m.); Azusa/Duarte, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn. , 1 mi. n. of Foothill Blvd, in main channel, Dec. 4, 2008, 660 ft. (210 m.); San Dimas, Puddingstone Diversion Dam, Oct. 20, 2008, 1160 ft. (354 m.)

Other records:

Scott D. White, San Gabriel River Cyn., below San Gabriel Reservoir, May 8, 1997, 1200 ft. (366 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, San Dimas, below entrance to wooded area of San Dimas Cyn., near San Dimas Creek, Apr. 9, 1971, 1250 ft. (380 m.)

FVS: Apr. 9, 1971

SBCo.: No records found.

Sinapis arvensis L. Charlock Mustard

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: Arthur C. & Linda Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 18, 1971, 2450 ft.

(746 m.); L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., Mar. 23, 1934, 1400 ft. (426 m.);

FVS: Mar. 23, 1934

SBCo.: No records found.

Sisymbrium altissimum L., Jim Hill Mustard, Tall Tumble Mustard

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 1601 ft. (488 m.), n. of Sylmar & s. of Santa Clarita, with the Tujunga Ranger Dist, w. edge of forest on ridge dividing Whitney Cyn. & Placerita Cyn., Steve Boyd & Orlando Mistretta, May 11, 1993 to 8000 ft. (2439 m.) at Blue Ridge Cmpgrd. (1.5 air mi. SSE of Big Pine), and the Reservoir at top of Chisolm Ski Run along Resevoir maintenance Rd., 0.7to 1.2 mi. s. of Angeles Crest Hwy. on Forrest Rd. 3N06, David Charton, June 15, 1986; Apr.-Oct.; fairly common in transmontane & montane, rare in cismontane

FVS: Apr. 6, 1919, F.W. Peirson, in old wash & on n. side of New York Ave. Altadena

SBCo.: Fairly common from 2270 ft. (692 m.) at Cajon Wash, 300 m. w. of jct. of Cajon Rd. & Kenwood Ave., R.G. Swinney, June 22, 1993, to 7000 ft. (2133 m.) at cienaga near Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Creek, July 31, 1971, R.F. Thorne & Selwyn Everist; Apr.-Aug.; fairly common; all 4 sections

FVS: July 7, 1918, I.M. Johnston, Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Cr., San Antonio Mts., 5747 ft. (1752 m.)

+Sisymbrium erysimoides Desf., Mediterranean Rocket

Native to Europe.

LACo.: N. of Azusa, El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, off Hwy. 39, Feb. 20, 2009, 1000 ft. (305 m.); mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., between I-210 Fwy. & Foothill Blvd., Azusa/Irwindale, 200-300 meters e. of San Gabriel River Channel, Feb.20, 2009, 581 ft. (177 m.); Azusa/Duarte, San Gabriel Cyn. wash, 0.4-1 mile n. (upstream) of Puente Largo (Railway-added 2010) Bridge, Apr. 21, 2009, 630 ft. (192 m.); Glendora, 0.8 mi. e. of Glendora Mountain Rd. at Big Dalton Cyn. Rd., Apr. 28, 1989, 1351 ft. (412 m.)

Other records:

Michael Denslow & S.D. Boyd, n. of Azusa, at end of Glendora Ridge Mtwy. (1N26) in small unnamed cyn. just above small avocado orchard, May 7, 2003,

899 ft. (274 m.)

FVS: Apr. 28, 1989

SBCo.: S.D. White, Rancho Cucamonga, bajada at eastern foot of the mts., between Beryl Ave. & Hellman Ave., 3 road mi. n. of Foothill Blvd., Mar. 16, 1998, 1801 ft. (549 m.)

Sisymbrium irio L., London Rocket

Native to Europe.

LACo.: In disturbed areas

From 741 ft. (184 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel River Cyn., 0.7 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., on n. side of Hwy 39, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 12, 2009, to 3401 ft. (1037 m.) at drainage w. of Little Rock Creek Res., Orlando Mistretta, Apr. 5, 1995; Feb.-June; fairly common; transmontane at drainage w. of Little Rock Cr., Res., Orlando Mistretta, Apr. 5, 1995, 3401 ft. (1037 m.)

FVS: June 15, 1944, K.H.B., Tanbark Flat, above Glendora, SDEF, 2496 ft.

(761 m.)

SBCo.: Glen Helen Regional Park, s. of e. park entrance, in Cajon Wash, 0.7 mi. s. of Devore Rd., Mar. 17, 1993, 1961 ft. (598 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, e. side of mouth of San Antonio Cyn., 0.5 mi. s. of Stoddard Cyn., May 10, 1969, 2350 ft. (716 m.); R.F. & M.Z. Thorne, Chapman Ranch, above Mt. Baldy Village, July 2, 1967, 4450 ft. (1357m.)

FVS: July 2, 1967

Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop., Hedgemustard

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: From 741 ft. (226 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 0.7 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave. on n. side of Hwy. 39, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 12, 2009, to

4300 ft. (1311 m.) at Sycamore Flat Cmpgrd., L.C. Wheeler, May 03, 1967;

May-Nov.; uncommon; transmontane at Sycamore Flat Cmpgrd, Big Rock Cr., cismontane

FVS: May 30, 1891, Anstruther Davidson, Millards Cyn.

SBCo.: near Cucamonga, Day Cyn., 0.6 mi. n.w. of gaging station at mouth of cyn., Apr. 22, 1995, 3201 ft. (976 m.); n.w. of Fontana, e. of San Sevaine Cyn. bottom on Bullock Spur Rd., Apr. 4, 1997, 2450 ft. (747 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, near jct. of Evey & San Antonio Cyn’s, May 29, 1969, 2300 ft.

(701 m.); Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 16, 1971, 2450 ft. (747 m.); Marcus E. Jones, San Antonio Peak, June 28, 1931, no elev. given

FVS: June 28, 1931

Sisymbrium orientale L., Oriental Mustard, Indian Hedgemustard

Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: From 741 ft. (226 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel River Cyn., 0.7 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave. on n. side of Hwy. 39, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 12, 2009, to 6760 ft. (2061 m.), at Big Pines, Big Pines Meadow, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 25, 2009; Mar.-July; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: May 18, 1930, Joseph A. Ewan, Live Oak Cyn. near LaVerne, no elev. given

SBCo.: Fairly common throughout from 2201 ft. (671 m.) at Cajon Wash, w. of Devore Heights offramp from I-215 & old State Hwy. 39, June 25, 1992, author to 3651 ft. (1113 m.) s.w. of Cajon summit, 0.8 mi. n. of F.S. Rd. 3N53 on FS Rd. 3N21, c. 200 m. s. of I-215 on F.S. Rd. 3N21, from Baldy Mesa, May 27, 1996, author; Mar.-July; fairly common; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: May 18, 1930, Joseph A. Ewan, Live Oak Cyn., near LaVerne, no elev. given

Stanleya pinnata (Pursh) Britton var. pinnata, Desert Princesplume

LACo.: From 3001 ft. (915 m.), at Littlerock Cr., 0.3 miles n.w. of Littlerock Cr. Cmpgrd., R.G. Swinney, Apr. 24, 2009 and at 2998 ft. (914 m.) at Little Rock Foothills, M.N. Ackley, , May 8, 1927, to 5802 ft. (1903 m.), at Hwy. 2, c.1.0 miles e. of Wrightwood, Wayne P. Armstrong, , June 26, 1982; Apr.-June; uncommon-rare; transmontane

FVS: 1897, J.H. Barber, Soledad Cyn.

SBCo.: Controversy Springs, at head of Cajon Cyn., s.e. of Mt. Tp Jct., 0.5 miles s. of Hwy. 138 on FS Rd. 3N37, Oct. 8, 1993, 4599 ft. (1402 m.); Slover Cyn., c. 100 meters s. of Lone Pine Cyn. Rd., July 12, 1993, 5868 ft. (1789 m.); Wrightwood, Sep. 12, 1992 at 6068 ft. (1850 m.) & July 12, 1993 at (1789 m.); Controversy Spring at head of Cajon Cyn., 0.5 mi. s. of Hwy 138 at USFS Rd. 3N37, Oct. 8, 1993, 4599 ft. (1402 m.)

Other records:

W. Wisura, Mormon Rocks, in wash near jct. of Hwy 138 & Lone Pine Cyn. Rd., May 18, 2001, 3250 ft. (991 m.); Rimo Bacigalupi & Reino Alava, Horse Cyn., n.w. of e. terminus of Angeles Crest Hwy 2, July 20, 1958, 4838 ft. (1475 m.); Randall T. Schah, Cossis, et al., just E. of Wrightwood on Route 2, site L5, May 18, 2004, 5576 ft. (1700 m.); Joseph Andorpher Ewan, lower Swartons Valley (Swarthout Valley-added 2011), at head of Sheep Creek, Aug. 2, 1934, 5996 ft. (1828 m.); J. Ewan, SheepCreek, Aug. 8, 1936, 5248 ft. (1600 m.); Rimo Bacigalupi with Reino Alava, 1 mile n.w. of E. terminus Angeles Crest Hwy. (Calif. No. 2) (in Horse Cyn.), July 20, 1958, 5724 ft. (1475 m.); A.W. Jacobs, Lone Pine Cyn., Aug. 8, 1938, 5497 ft. (1676 m); Joseph Andorfen Ewan, lower Swarthout Valley, head of Sheep Cr., Aug. 2, 1934, 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

FVS: Aug. 2, 1934

Streptanthella longirostris (S. Watson) Rydb., Longbeak Streptanthella

LACo.: Christopher Davidson, Juniper Hills, toward Devil’s Punchbowl, Apr. 7, 1973, 3500 ft. (1066 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Streptanthus bernardinus (Greene) Parish, Laguna Mountain Jewelflower

Status CNPS List: 1B R-E-D Code: 2-1-3 State/Fed. Status: /C3c

CRPR 4.3 S3

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: upper San Sevaine Flats, c. 200 m. w. of jct. of USFS Rd. 1N34D & 1N34, July 16, 1993, 5540 ft. (1689 m.)

Other records:

I.M. Johnston, between upper & lower San Sevaine Flats, July 16, 1925, 5000 ft. (1524 m.); Naomi Fraga, LeRoy Gross, et al., San Sevaine Flats, n.w. of jct. of 1N34 and the rd. to the communication towers, July 12, 2005, 5501 ft. (1677 m.);

I.M. Johnston, Head of S. Fk. Lytle Cr., July 15, 1917, 2719 ft. (829 m.)

FVS: July 15, 1917

Thlaspi sp., Pennycress

LACo.: Valyermo area, Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, lower Punchbowl Cyn., Aug. 15, 2005, 4398 ft. (1341 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Thlaspi arvense L., Field Pennycress

Native to Europe.

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, Henniger’s Falt (Flat-added 2011), Feb. 23, 1919, 2800 ft. (854 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Thysanocarpus curvipes Hook., Sand Fringepod

LACo.: From 1200 ft. (366 m.) at Fish Cyn., c. 1 mi. n. of confluence with San Gabriel River, R.G. Swinney, Feb. 8. 1997 and Robert F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, Fish Cyn., May 22, 1971, to 5100 ft. (1555 m.) at S. Fk. Little Rock Cr., 1.8 mi. below Alder Saddle in Pinyon Flats area, R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, June 30, 1971; Feb.-June; uncommon; all 3 sections.

FVS: Feb. 16, 1920, Albert J. Perkins, Glendora, Little Dalton Trail, no elev. given

SBCo.: w. of Cajon Wash & s. of Hwy 138, c. 1 mi. SSW of Cajon Jct., off USFS Rd. SN49, Apr. 28, 1995, 3100 ft. (945 m.); lower Lytle Cr. Ridge, 1.1 mi. s.w. of jct. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd. & Applewhite Rd., c. 0.75 mi. e. of Applewhite Cpgd., Apr. 22, 1995, 3001 ft. (915 m.); Stoddard cyn., e. trib. of lower San Antonio Cyn., Apr. 4, 1998, 2450 ft. (747 m.); Lytle Creek Ridge at Sheep Cr. Rd., 1.5 mi. n.e. of Lytle Cr. Rd., n. side of rd., May 28, 1995, 3460 ft. (1055 m.); w. side of Lytle Cr. Cyn. Rd., near Hitching Ranch, 200 m. n. of USFS Rd. 2N79, Apr. 25, 1993, 2608 ft. (795 m.); first significant cyn. n. of Stoddard Cyn, draining into San Antonio Cyn. from the e., c. 0.25 mi., n. of lower San Antonio Guard Station, Apr. 16, 1994, 3001 ft. (915 m.)

Other records:

B. Pitzer, Cajon Pass area, mouth of Lone Pine Cyn., Swarthout Cyn. Rd., c. 1.8 road. mi. s. of Cleghorn Rd., w. of I-215, where RR tracks cross rd. for 1st time, c. 0.4 rd. miles s.w. of jct with Cajon Blvd. and Swarthout Cyn. Rd., May 5, 1995, 2749 ft. (838 m.); Arthur C. Gibson & Linda Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., 2500 ft.

(761 m.); Gerald L. Benny et. al., Day Cyn., Apr. 14, 1971, 3200 ft. (975 m.)

FVS: Apr. 14, 1971

+Thysanocarpus laciniatus Nutt., Mountain Fringepod

[synonyms: T. laciniatus var. crenatus and T. laciniatus var. hitchockii and T. laciniatus var. laciniatus] All 3 vars. listed beldow and indented.

Highly variable. Probably hybridizes with T. curvipes, resembles the latter when cauline leaf bases lobed.

LACo.: From 1000 ft. (305 m.) at Fish Cr. Cyn., from mouth of cyn. at CalMat Quarry upstream to falls, S.D. White & P. Devries, May 18, 2000, to 4800 ft.

(1463 m.) at Alimony Ridge, Juniper Hills, Orlando Mistretta, May 4, 1992; Mar.-June; common; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: Apr. 1897, Anonym., Eaton’s Cyn.

SBCo.: Pinon Hills area at Sheep Cr., 0.9 mi. s. of Hwy. 138 at Scrub Oak Rd., Mar. 25, 1995, 4520 ft. (1378 m.); Pinon Hills, Oak Hills area, 50-100 m. w. end of Sunnyslope Rd. & w. fo Green Rd., 1.5 mi. n. of Oak Spring Ranch, Apr. 3, 1997, 4799 ft. (1463 m.); Ralston Pk., s. ridge, May 23, 1998, 4379 ft. (1335 m.); w. side of Lytle Cr. Cyn. Rd. near the Hitching Ranch, 200 m. n. of USFS Rd., 2N79, Apr. 25, 1993, 2600 ft. (795 m.)

Other records:

S.D. White, Wrightwood area, Sheep Cr. & adj. lower +/- e.-facing mt. slope,

Apr. 30, 1998, 5400-5800 ft. (1646-1768 m.); S.D. White, near Cajon Pass, n.w. of jct. of I-15/Hwy 138, c. 1 air mi. w. of I-15, 1 air mi. n. of State Hwy. 138, May 13, 2000, 3400-3600 ft. (1037-1098 m.); T.B. Salvato & A.C. Sanders, Cajon Pass, c. 0.05 mi. s. of Bluecut & c. 0.5 mi. n.w. of Keenbrook at powerline crossing of Cajon Cr., May 4, 2000, 2499 ft. (762 m.); J.B. Feudge, n. of Cucamonga, among foothill shrubs, Mar. 4, 1925, 1998 ft. (609 m.); Gerald L. Benny et. al., Day Cyn., Apr. 14, 1971, 3201 ft. (976 m.); Marcy Keys, 50 yds. n. of Mt. Baldy Rd., near L.A. Forest Ranger Station; Apr. 20, 1981, no elev. given; Marcus E. Jones, San Gab. Mts. region, Cajon Pass, 3802 ft. (1159 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 16, 1903

Synonym Thysanocarpus laciniatus var. crenatus

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn. Wilderness Park, Big Dalton Cyn. at 1.4 miles n.e. of Glendora Mt. Road, Apr. 15, 1989, 11551 ft. (473 m.)

Other records:

Steve Boyd & T.S. Elias, Rincon to Red Box rd., s. of Rincon Forest Station, n. of Glendora, Apr. 14, 1987, no elev. given

FVS: Apr. 14, 1987

SBCo.: No records found.

Synonym Thsyanocarpus laciniatus Nutt. var. hitchockii

LACo.: Big Rock Cr. at Paradise Spring, n. of Big Rock Creek. Rd., on Big Rock Creek Cmpgrd. property, May 2, 2008, 3280 ft. (1000 m.)

Other records:

Timothy S. Ross, Big Rock Cr., c. 0.25 miles s. of Big Pines Hwy. between the stream & Big Rock Cr. Road, Apr. 4, 1992, 3959-3969 ft. (1207-1210 m.);

Christopher Davidson, Bob’s Gap Rd., c. 3 mi. toward desert, 3 miles s. of Hwy. 138 (Pearblossom Hwy.), Apr. 7, 1973, 3601 ft. (1098 m.); Wesley O. Griesel, Little Rock Dam, desert foothills of San Gab. Mts., Apr. 7, 1962, 3198 ft. (975 m.)

FVS: Apr. 7, 1962

SBCo.: No records found.

Synonym Thysanocarpus laciniatus Nutt var. laciniatus

LACo.: E.K.Balls & P.C. Everett, 4 miles n. of Claremont, s.w. of San Antonio Dam, Mar. 14, 1958, 1804 ft. (550 m.); Ruth B.Randall, near Mt. Wilson, Big Tejunga (Tujunga-added 2012) Cyn., Aug., 1928, no elev. given

FVS: Aug., 1928

SBCo.: Wye Pk. at Cajon Jct., n.e. of Hwy. 215/138 Jct., Mar. 24, 2008, 3628 ft. (1106 m.) (just e. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Tropidocarpum gracile Hook., Slender Keel Fruit, Dobie Pod

CA & reported from Massachusetts

LACo.: Scott D. White & Kent Hughes, Soledad Cyn., cyn. bottom & adj. steep n.-facing slope, May 17, 2000, 1900-2200 ft. (579-671 m.); Steve Boyd & Orlando Mistretta, n. of Sylmar & s. of Santa Clarita within the Tujunga Ranger District of the Angeles Natl. Forest, w. edge of forest on ridge dividing Whitney Cyn. & Placerita Cyn., May 11, 1993, 1597-2299 ft. (487-701 m.)

FVS: May 11, 1993

SBCo.: Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, May 16, 1903, 3800 ft. (1159 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Turritis glabra L., Tower Mustard or Rockcress

(synonyms: Arabis glabra (L.) Benth. and Arabis glabra (L.) Benth ssp. glabra)

LACo.: From 1000 ft. (305 m.) at foothills above Irwindale, Fish Creek Cyn. from mouth of cyn., upstream to falls, S.D. White & P. Devries, May 18, 2000 and at El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, trib. on s. side of San Gabriel Cyn., 0.1 mile e. of Park office, R.G. Swinney, May 30, 2008 to 6500 ft. (1981 m.) at Big Cienaga Spring above Crystal Lake Rec. Area, R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, July 19, 1967; Apr.-June, Aug.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: June 3-6, 1900, H.M. Hall, Swartout Cyn., 6498 ft. (1981 m.)

SBCo.: e. of Mt. Baldy Village at “Dry Lake” in Cherry Cyn., May 31, 1997,

4940 ft. (1506 m.); c. 100 m. s.e. of Spring Hill Area, c. 100 m. w. of Barrett-Stoddard Rd. (USFS Rd. 2N04) & w. of the Pinus coulteri plantation, July 6, 1994, 4034 ft. (1230 m.); ridgetop n.e. of Grande Cielo Buffalo Ranch, w. of Cajon Wash & s. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., June 1, 1996, 3759 ft. (1146 m.); Bear Flats, n. of Baldy Village, July 12, 1995, 5599 ft. (1707 m.)

Other records:

I.M. Johnston, Lower San Sevaine Flats, July 10, 1925, 4700 ft. (1433 m.); R.F. Thorne, Chapman Ranch, above Baldy Village, San Antonio Cyn., May 29, 1969, 4460 ft. (1359 m.); Lyman Benson, Lytle Cyn., May 29, 1945, 2500 ft. (762 m.);

L.C. Wheeler, at spring, Grapevine Cyn. (off Lytle Cr.) at San Sevaine Rd., June 13, 1968, 4500 ft. (1371 m.)

FVS: June, 1899, H.M. Hall, San Antonio Mts., desert side, 5796 ft. (1767 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)


Cactaceae Cactus Family

Clystocactus sp.

LACo.: Mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 1.4 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave. at Hwy. 39, n. of main river channel, Dec. 6, 2008, 840 ft. (256 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa (Engelm. & Bigelo.) F.M. Kunth, Buckhorn Cholla

Several records are currently listed on the Consortium of California Herbaria. A Thomas Chester publicatioin - http://tchester.org/plants/lists/chollas htm., concludes that C. acanthocarpa var. coloradensis is found only in a narrow corridor along the Colorado River, possibly to the extreme n.e. corner of San Diego Co. The same article concludes that C. acanthocarpa var. major has one valid california location at Videl Junction.. The current references for the San Gabriel’s, refer either to C. echinocarpa or C. californica var. parkeri.

Cylindropuntia californica (Torr. & A. Gray) F.M. Knuth. var. parkeri (J.M. Coult.) J. Rebman, Cane, Valley or Snake Cholla

(synonym: Opuntia parryi Engelm. var. serpentina (Engelm.) L.D. Benson

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: Azusa/Duarte, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., c. 150 m. n. of Puente Largo Railway Bridge , July 1, 2009, 604 ft. (184 m.); San Dimas, San Dimas Cyn., Puddingstone Diversion Dam, July 1, 2009, 1161 ft. (354 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, 0.2 mi. inside mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., Nov. 9, 1968, 760 ft. (231 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Kentucky Springs Cyn., Sep 16, 1968, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, 0.2 mi. inside mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., Sep. 9, 1968, 760 ft. (231 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Vogel Flat, Big Tujunga Cyn., Oct. 1, 1968, 1825 ft.

(556 m.); Joseph A. Ewan, Tujungta Cr. near mouth of cyn., Aug. 23, 1937, no elev. given

FVS: Aug. 23, 1937

SBCo.: Cajon Pass, s.w. of Hwy 138 & I-15 Jct. on e. side of Cajon Wash, Aug. 31, 1993, 3100 ft. (944 m.) A second specimen of this voucher number was determined to be Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa by a second Herbaria. C. acanthocarpa var. coloradensis has since been determined to be confined in California to a narrow strip along the Colorado River.; Lone Pine Cyn., c. 1.2 mi. w. of I-215 on n. side of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., June 2009, _______

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr., June 13, 1968, 2160 ft. (658 m.); Marc Baker, Devore Exit, s.w. of Hwy 215 at Cajon Wash, Feb. 19, 2001, 2050 ft. (625 m.); E. Yale Dawson, Cajon Pass, 1933, no date given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: 1933

Cylindropuntia echinocarpa (Engelm. & Bigelow) F.M. Kunth, Silver or Golden Cholla, Wiggin’s Cholla

[synonyms: Opuntia echinocarpa Engelm. & J.M. Bigelow and Opuntia wigginsii L.D. Benson]

LACo.: confl. of Carr Cyn., & Little Rock Cr., Nov. 13, 2009; confl. of Kentucky Springs & Soledad Cyns., Nov. 13, 2009, 3020 ft. (921 m.); w. base of Tiger Mt., 100-400 meters e. of Angeles Forest Hwy., 1.7 miles s. of Soledad Pass Rd., June 1, 2010, 3520 ft. (1073 m.)

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta, Carr Cyn., near mouth of cyn., June 1, 1995, 3100 ft. (945 m.);

L.C. Wheeler, Grandview Cyn., Sep. 8, 1968, 4800 ft. (1462 m.)

FVS: Sep. 8, 1968

SBCo.: No records found.

Opuntia basilaris Engelm. & Bigelow, Beavertail Pricklypear

LACo.: Paradise Springs (Big Rock Cr.) 100 meters w. of cmpgrd. on n. bank of Big Rock Cr., June 9, 2008, 4681 ft. (1427 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Opuntia basilaris Engelm. & Bigelow var. basilaris, Beavertail Pricklypear

LACo.: I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Wash, w. of Upland, Apr. 21, 1917, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Opuntia basilaris Engelm. & Bigelow var. brachyclada (Griffiths) Munz, Short-Joint Beavertail, Beavertail Pricklypear

Status: CNPS List: 1B R-E-D Code: 3-1-3 State/Fed. Status: /C2

CRPR 1B.2 S3 G5T3

LACo.: Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, Holcomb Cyn., 0.5 miles s. of Big Rock Cr. Rd., May 13, 2008, 4241 ft. (1293 m.); Carr Cyn., 0.4-1.5 miles s.e. of Mt. Emma Rd., upper S. Fork of Carr Cyn., (e. of Littlerock Cr.-added 2011), May 6, 2009,

3159 ft. (963 m.); upper Indian Bill Cyn., a narow mile-long cyn., draining n. from w. end of Pleasant View Ridge, May 20, 2009, 4700 ft. (1433 m.)

Other records:

Edwin F. Wiegand, Valyermo, Mar. 1952, no elev. given; Lyman Benson, jct. of L.A. Co. Route N4 and rd. from Wrightwood to Pearblossum, Apr. 18, 1969,

4497 ft. (1371 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Alimony Ridge, Mar. 28, 1968, 4900 ft.

(1493 m.); L.C. Wheeler, spring at 2/3 mi. e. of Juniper Bowl, Juniper Hills, May 12, 1968, 3800 ft. (1158 m.); L.C. Wheeler, 1/4 mi. upstream from Monte Cristo Cmpgrd., Mill Cr., Apr. 18, 1972, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, Rock Creek, n. slope of San Gabriel Mts., May 26, 1923, 4995 ft. (1523 m.)

FVS: May 26, 1923

SBCo.: Status: Sensitive

n.w. of Wrightwood, Horse Cyn., n.w. of Circle Mt., 100-200 yds. e. of State Hwy 2, c. 200 ft. s. of Horse Cyn. Rd. - USFS Rd. 3N12

Other records:

S.D. White & Tasha LaDoux, foothills near Cajon Pass, n.w. of jct. of I-15 & State Hwy. 138, c. 1 air mi. west of I-15, 1 air mi. n. or Hwy. 138, May 13, 2000, 3400-3600 ft. (1037-1098 m.); Scott D. White, Cajon Pass, Cajon Wash just s. of Hwy. 138, Apr. 11, 1997, 2900 ft. (884 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Controversy Splring, w. side of Cajon Cyn., Sep. 7, 1968, 4500 ft. (1371 m.); C.B. Wolf, Lone Pine Cyn., 2.5 mi. below summit of grade to Swarthout Valley, Nov 8, 1931, 5300 ft. (1616 m.)

FVS: Nov. 8, 1931

Opuntia basilaris Engelm. & Bigelow var. treleasei (J. Coulter) Tourney, Bakersfield Cactus

Status: CNPS List R-E-D Code State/Fed. Status

CRPR 1B.1 S1 G5T1

LACo.: H.G. Rush, desert side of Big Pines Rec. Area, along Hwy., May 12, 1950, 6000 ft. (1828 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill., Barbary Fig

Native to Mexico.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, 0.2 miles n. side mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., Nov. 9, 1968, 760 ft. (231 m.); Lyman Benson, top of alluvial fan above (n. of) Cucamonga, Mar. 22, 1963, 1500 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: Mar. 22, 1963

SBCo.: No records found.

Opuntia littoralis (Engelm.), Cockerell, Coastal Pricklypear

CA & Mex.; highly variable, hybridizes with other spp. of same chromosome number.

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.) at mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., Azusa/Duarte, 0.6 mi. n. of Puente Largo Railway Bridge, on w. side of main channel, R.G. Swinney, May, 2009, to 5500 ft. (1676 m.), at Coldwater Cyn., 1 mile w. of Lytle Cr. Rd., s. of Coldwater stream, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 14, 1993; Mar.-Nov.; fairly common; montane, cismontane

FVS: Mar. 8, 1966, Lyman Benson, western side of Camp Baldy, 4500 ft.

(1371 m.)

SBCo.: Only 3 records are available by CCH-2009, the scant data may be partiallly due to reluctance to collect them. The author will attempt to attain additional records in the near future.

Coldwater Cyn., 1 mile w. of Lytle Cr. Rd., s. of Coldwater stream, Aug. 14, 1993, 5497 ft. (1676 m.)

Other records:

Mira M. Bogen, along n. Fork Lytle Cr., 8.7 mi. n. of I-10 on Sierra Ave, near Village of Scotland, Apr. 11, 1987, 3119 ft. (951 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr., June 13, 1968, 2160 ft. (658 m.)

FVS: June 13, 1968

Opuntia microdasys (Lehm.) N.E. Pfeffer, Bunny Ears, Angel’s-wings

Native to N. Mexico.

LACo.: LeRoy Gross, Big Tujunga Wash, s. front of San Gab. Mts. on a bench between Haines Cyn. & Big Tujunga River, e. of Foothill Blvd., Oct. 6, 2001, 1200 ft. (366 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

+Opuntia xoccidentalis Engelm. & Bigelow [O. littoralis x O. engelmannii x O. phaecantha]

Hybridizes with spp. of the same chromosome number.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, 2 mi. n. of Claremont, July 13, 1931 & May 13, 1932, 1350 ft. (412 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Opuntia phaeacantha Engelm., Brown-spined Prickly-pear, Tulip Pricklypear

LACo.: Big Rock Cr., (Paradise Springs), Big Rock Creek Camp, 100 m. w. of Big Rock Cr. Cmpgrd on n. bank of creek, June 9, 2008, 4680 ft. (1427 m.); observed on ridge between Holcomb Cyn. & S. Fk. Big Rock Creek, June, 2008; observed in Holcomb Cyn., June, 2008

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Big Tujunga Cyn. Rd. at Doske Rd., just e. of Ybarra Cyn., (off Big Tujunga Cyn.-added 2011), Oct. 1, 1968, 1850 ft. (563 m.)

FVS: Oct. 1, 1968

SBCo.: Lyman Benson, Chapman Ranch, 1 mi. above Camp Baldy, San Antonio Cyn., Nov. 25, 1968, 4995 ft. (1523 m.) & L.C. Wheeler, Chapman Ranch, San Antonio Cyn., Sep 14, 1970, no elev. given; LC. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. Village, w. of pasture, July 12, 1968, no elev. given

FVS: July 12, 1968

Opuntia xvaseyi (J.M. Coult.) Britton & Rose [O. littoralis x O. phaeacantha }, Vasey’s Coastal Pricklypear

South Coast & edges of adjacent zones

LACo.: S.D. White, below Morris Dam, May 21, 1997, 800 ft., (244 m.); Scott D. White, Big Tujunga Wash, Sunland-Tujunga area, alluvial fan below San Gab. Mts. s.w. of I-210 Frwy, e. of Hanson Dam and n. of Wentworth St., May 15, 1997, 1050 ft. (320 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Cattle Cyn., ¾ mi. downstream from Coldwater Cyn., Aug. 17, 1967, 2400 ft. (731 m.)

FVS: Aug. 17, 1967

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, foothills on w. side of Cajon Cyn., Sep. 6, 1968, 3050l ft. (929 m.); D.F. Howe, s. slope of Cajon Pass, June 2, 1945, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: June 2, 1945


Campanulaceae Bellflower Family

Githopsis diffusa A. Gray ssp. diffusa, San Gabriel Bluecup

(synonym: G. gilioides Ewan)

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: SDEF, Fern Cyn., May 30, 1998, 2919 ft. (890 m.)

Other records:

K.H.B, SDEF, Fern Cyn., May 4, 1940; P.A. Munz & Frank W. Peirson, San Gabriel Cyn., Apr. 23, 1925, 1600 ft. (488 m.); R.F. Thorne & Arther C. Gibson, Fish Cyn., May 22, 1971, 899 ft. (274 m.); Thos. Craig, Bear Cyn. Trail to Mt. San Antonio, June 8, 1927, no elev. given; Anstruther Davidson, Bonita Camp, San Gabriel Cyn., June 1914, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., May 18, 1967, 1699 ft. (518 m.); Scott D. White & Justin M. Wood, San Gabriel River-W. Fk., large fill slope on the s. side of Cogswell Reservoir, May 6, 2009, 2601 ft. (793 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Big Santa Anita Trail, June 13, 1992, 3496 ft.

(1066 m.); KHB., Fern Cyn., SDEF, May 4, 1940, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, c. 1 mile e. of mouth of Little Tujunga Cyn., June 8, 1975, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, e. side of Little Tujunga Cyn., 3/4 mile SSE Herreres Ranch, May 4, 1969, 1880 ft. (548 m.); Valerie L. Soza & Laura Moore, Upper Winter Cr. Trail, June 30, 1999, 2798 ft. (853 m.); F.W. Peirson, Big Santa Anita Trail, 1.5 miles below Sturdevant’s Camp, June 13, 1921, 3490 ft. (1064 m.); Anstruther Davidson, Wilson’s Trail, June 12, 1892, no elev. given

FVS: June 12, 1892

SBCo.: Sheep Cr. Rd., 1.5 mi. n.e. of Lytle Cr. Rd., w. side of road, May 28, 1995, 3460 ft. (1055 m.); c. 210 m. n. of Glen Helen Parkway, 0.9 mi. e. of Lytle Cr. Rd., June 11, 1994, 2070 ft. (630 m.);

Other records: I.M. Johnston, San Sevaine Flats, July 10, 1925, 4700 ft.

(1432 m.)

FVS: July 10, 1925

+Githopsis diffusa A. Gray ssp. robusta Morin, San Gabriel Bluecup

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, head of E. Fork Little Tujunga, May 14, 1975, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Githopsis specularioides Nutt., Common Bluecup

If this specimen was in fact a ssp, would need to know the previously applied ssp., since it has been seperated into 3 seperate sp.)

LACo.: SDEF, burns, open or disturbed places, oak & chamise chaparral, SDEF, 1988 (No records available on the CCH)

SBCo.: No records found.

Heterocodon rariflorum Nutt., Fewflowered or RareflowerHeterocodon

LACo.: From 1300 ft. (396 m.), at Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn., R.G. Swinney, , to 7000 ft. (2134 m.), at s.w. side of Mt. Waterman, L.C. Wheeler, July 15, 1967; Apr., June, July; rare; cismontane

FVS: June 14, 1921, F.W. Peirson, Trail Fk., San Gab. Mts., 3247 ft. (990 m.)

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Meyer Cyn., off Ltyle Cr., May 9, 1968, 2300 ft. (701m.); I.M. Johnston, lower San Sevaine Flats, July 10, 1925, 4700 ft. (1433 m.)

FVS: July 10, 1925

Lobelia cardinalis L. var. pseudosplendens McVaugh, Cardinal Flower

Seriously Toxic, especially when used as a home remedy.

Status CNPS List: 3 R-E-D Code: ?-?-? State/Ffed. Status: none

LACo.: Marcus E. Jones, Swarthout Valley, Sep. 10, 1924, no elev. given; Martha Hilend, Camp Baldy, San Antonio Cyn., Oct. 1923, no elev. given; Thekla Mohr, N. Fork San Gabriel River, 1915, no elev. given

FVS: 1915

SBCo.: Status:

Swarthout Valley, 1 mi. w. of Lost Lake in Lone Pine Cyn., within 100 m. s. of Swarthout Cyn. Road, Sep. 3, 2009, 3000 ft. (915 m.),

Other records:

LC. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cnyn. Wash, 3000 ft. (915 m.), 9/16/67; R.F. Thorne & Larry E. DeBuhr,1 mi., NNW of Lost Lake where Lon e Pine Cyn. Rd. crosses Lone Pine Cr.,10/13/72, 2950 ft. (899 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Lost Lake, Lone Pine Cyn., Oct. 1, 1933, 2700 ft. (823 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn., Clyde Ranch, Oct. 14, 1967, no elev. given; H.M. Hall, at Dells’ in upper reaches of San Antonio Cyn., c. 0.5 mi. e. of Los Angeles Co. line, Aug. 11, 1896, 3998 ft.

(1219 m.); H.M. Hall, Cajon Pass, Aug. 3, 1895, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Aug. 3, 1895 or Aug. 11, 1896

Lobelia dunnii Greene var. serrata (A. Gray) McVaugh, Dunn’s Lobelia

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1350 ft. (411 m.), at W. Fork San Gabriel River, F.W. Peirson, Aug. 23, 1924, to 5697 ft. (1737 m.), at Vincent Gulch, Joseph Andorfer Ewan, Aug. 5, 1934; May, July-Oct.; rare at seeps, springs, streamsides; all 3 sections

FVS: Aug. 22, 1895, M. Reed, Sierra Madre Mt(s)., top of Claremont

SBCo.: Stoddard Cyn. at Falls, c. 0.9 mi. ENE of Shinn Rd., Apr. 15, 1998,

(915 m.) & Aug. 28, 1998; near Mt. Baldy School, s. of Mt. Baldy Village, c. 75 m. east of San Antonio Cyn., spring, dense marshy meadow, May 31, 1997, 4198 ft. (1280 m.); E. Fork. San Sevaine Cyn. at 2nd major waterfall, c. 1 mi. due s. of Grapevine Spring, Apr. 4, 1997, (915 m.); southernmost trib. from the west of E. Etiwanda Cyn., c. 2 mi. s.w. of San Sevaine Flats, Apr. 5, 1997, 3000 ft. (915 m.); Lytle Cr. Cyn., unnamed side cyn. from the w., 2 mi. n. of San Sevaine Rd. near Hitching Ranch, July 14, 1993, 3109 ft. (948 m.);

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Barrett Cyn., off San Antonio Cyn., Sep. 3, 1933, 4300 ft.

(1310 m.); J.C. Ross, Bonita Falls, Lytle Cr., s. of Scotland Village, July 31, 1948, 3000 ft. (915 m.); P.A. Munz, Cucamonga Cyn., Oct. 15, 1922, 1998 ft.

(609 m.); I.M. Johnson, Cucamonga Cyn., July 23, 1925, 3600 ft. (1097 m.); Harlan Lewis, Lytle Cr. above Glenn Ranch, July 12, 1936, no elev. given; J. Olmstead, 1.5 mi. above left fk. of trail out of Water Supply Meadow, above Camp Baldy, Sep. 30 1959, 6100 ft. (1859 m.); L.A. Abrams, Lytle Cr. Falls (probably referring to Bonita Falls in the S. Fork of Lytle Creek), July 25, 1901 & S.B. Parish & W.F. Parish, June, 1883, no elev. given

FVS: June, 1883

Nemacladus glanduliferus Jeps., Glandular Threadplant

[synonyms: N. glanduliferus Jeps. var. glanduliiferus and N. glanduliferus Jeps. var. orientalis McVauth]

LACo.: Littlerock Cr., c. 200 m. below (north of) Littlerock Cr. Dam, Apr. 24, 2009, 3159 ft. (963 m.)

Other records:

LeRoy Gross, W. terminus of Holcomb Ridge, w. of Big Rock Cr., east &ne. side of hill, north of Ft. Tejon Rd., w. of Valyermo Rd., May 3, 2005, 3559 ft. (1085 m.) (just n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary); T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd., Mill Cr. Tree Plantation, Tajunga District, May 17, 1990, 5291 ft. (1613 m.); F.R. Fosberg, Islip Trail, Mt. Hawkins, Aug. 12, 1931, 7216 ft. (2200 m.) (This was formerlly listed as N. gracilis on the CCH).

FVS: Aug. 12, 1931

SBCo.: No records found.

Nemacladus gracilis Eastw., Slender Nemacladus or Threadplant

Status: CNPS List: 4 R-E-D Code: 1-1-3 State/Fed. Status: none

CRPR S3.3 G3

LACo.: Valerie Soza, Naomi Fraga, et al., w. extension of Waterman Mt. along Waterman Mt. Trail 10W04, c. 0.75 to 2.5 miles ESE from Three Points Trailhead, June 16, 2003, 6501 ft. (1982 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Nemacladus longiflorus A. Gray, Longflower Threadplant

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Sheep Cr., near Pinon Hills, 0.8 miles s. of Hwy. 138 via Scrub Oak Rd., 70-300 meters w. of Scrub Oak Rd. (in wash) Apr. 5, 19;95, 4579 ft. (1396 m.)

Other records: No records found.

Nemacladus longiflorus A. Gray var. breviflorus McVaugh, Longflower Threadplant

LACo.: LeRoy Gross, w. terminus of Holcomb Ridge, w. of Big Rock Cr., May 3, 2005, 3560-3984 ft. (1085-1215 m.); R.F. Thorne & G. Wallace, 1/4 mi. n. of Bob’s Gap, 3.5 mi. s. of Llano, n. slope of Holcomb Ridge, Apr. 25, 1973 & Robert Gustafson & Gary Wallace, Apr. 26, 1982; R.F. Thorne & G. Wallace, Jct. of Pallett Cr. & Longview Rds., 4 mi. s. of Pearblossum, Apr. 24, 1973, 3850 ft. (1174 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, 3.2 mi. s. of Hwy 138, along Grandview Cyn. Rd.; Frank W. Peirson, W. Fk. San Gabriel River, June 21, 1921, 2099 ft. (640 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Indian Cyn., July 24, 1967, 2300 ft. (701 m.); Justin M. Wood, vic. of Littlerock Cr., just s.w. of jct. of Cheseboro Rd. & Mt. Emma Rd., May 10, 2010, 3191 ft. (973 m.); F.W. Peirson, Rubio Cyn. Wash, June 4, 1918, no elev. given

FVS: June 4, 1918

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, 0.1 mi. s. of Hwy 138 at Beekley Rd., near Yucca Inn, May 1, 1995, 4441 ft. (1354 m.); Wrightwood, 1.7 mi. s.w. of jct. of Oak Spring Ranch Rd. (Desert Frontage Rd.) & Hwy 2, e. of Sheep Cr., c. 120 m. north of Hwy 2, May 28, 1995, 5599 ft. (1707 m.); near summit of peak s.e. of Oak Spring Ranch, s. of Pinon Hills, May 27, 1996, 6140 ft. (1872 m.); Sheep Cr. near Pinon Hills, 0.8 mi. s. of Hwy 138 at Scrub Oak Rd. & then 70-300 m. w. of Scrub Oak Rd., Apr. 5, 1995, 4579 ft. (1396 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Apr. 5, 1995

Nemacladus longiflorus A. Gray var. longiflorus, Longclover Threadplant

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, W. Fork San Gabriel River, June 21, 1921, 2099 ft.

(640 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Nemacladus orientalis (McVaugh) Moran, Eastern Threadplanat

(synonym: N. glanduliferus Jeps. var. orientalis McVaugh)

LACo.: Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, N. Fork Mill Creek, FSR 3N27, 2.55 air miles s.w. of jct. with FSR 3N17 (Mt. Gleason Rd.), along S. Calif Edison Transmission Line Corrider), June 10, 2010, 4248 ft. (1295 m.); Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, slopes w. of Angeles Forest Hwy., c. 0.6 miles n. of jct. with Aliso Cyn. Rd., May 20, 2010, 3900 ft. (1189 m.); T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, Mill Cr. Tree Plantation, Tujunga Distr., May 17, 1990, 5291 ft. (1613 m.); F.R. Fosberg, Islip Trail, Mt. Hawkins, Aug. 12, 1931, 7216 ft. (2200 m.)

FVS: Aug. 12, 1931

SBCo.: No records found.

Nemacladus pinnatifidus Greene, Combleaf Threadplant

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: T.S. Ross, E. Fork of San Gabriel River, 740 m. distant from mouth of Shoemaker Cyn., May 17, 1992, 2339 ft. (713 m.); Frank W. Peirson, foothills of Rubio Cyn., June 4,12, 1918, 1998 ft. (609 m.)

FVS: June 4,12, 1918

SBCo.: James Henrickson, c. 12 air miles n.w. of San Bernardino, in lower Lytle Cr. Wash, 2-4 miles n. of I-15 Frwy., May 12, 1985, 2750 ft. (838 m.); I.M. Johnston, Casey Tr. to San Sevaine Flats, July 10, 1925, 2998 ft. (914 m.)

FVS: July 10, 1925

+Nemacladus ramosissimus Nutt., Smallflower Threadplant ?

Burned areas

LACo.: P.A. Munz,& R.D. Harwood, San Dimas cyn., Apr. 21,1920, 1500 ft.

(457 m.); P.A. Munz, San Gabriel Cyn., Apr. 23, 1925, 1600 ft. (488 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Liveoak cyn., Apr. 27, 1934, 1600 ft. (488 m.);; L.C. Wheeler, Bell-W Fork San Dimas Cyn. Divide, June 8, 1936, 2900 ft. (884 m.); F.W. Peirson, Forks of San Gabriel River, Apr. 23, 1925, 1750 ft. (533 m.); Scott D. White & Kent Hughes, Soledad Cyn., cyn. bottom & adj. steep, n.-facing slope, May 17, 2000, 1900-2200 ft. (579- 671 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Indian Cyn., s.w. slope, burned a few yers ago, May 24, 1967, 2598 ft. (792 m.); L.C. Wheeler, e. side of Little Tujunga Cyn., 3/4 miles SSE of Herreres Ranch, May 4, 1969, 1800 ft.

(548 m.); Antstruther Davidson, San Gabriel Cyn., Bonita Camp, June 1, 1914; L.R. Abrams, Wilson’s Pk., June 10, 1901

FVS: June 10, 1901

SBCo.: w. of Cajon Wash & S. of Hwy. 138, c. 1 mi. SSW of Cajon Jct., off FS Rd. 3N49, Apr. 19, 1995, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

Other records:

Gerald L. Benny et. al., n. of Rancho Cucamonga, burn area of 1970, common, Apr. 14, 1971, 2998 ft. (914 m.); T. Craig, Lytle Cr., cut-off over Cajon Pass, San Bernardino Mts., Apr. 28, 1928, no elev. given

FVS: Apr. 28, 1928

Nemacladus rubescens Greene, Desert Threadplant

LACo.: R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, Big Pines, July 9, 1969, 6800 ft. (2073 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Nemacladus secundiflorus G.T. Robbins var. robbinsii, Robbins Nemacladus

Status: CNPS List R-E-D Code State/Fed. Status:

CRPR 1B.2 S2S3 G3T2T3

LACo.: R. Hoffman, Big Rock Cr., May 19, 1929

SBCo.: No records given

Nemacladus sigmoideus G.T. Robbins, Sigmoid Threadplant

LACo.: From 2300 ft. (701 m.), at Indian Cyn., near mouth, L.C. Wheeler, May 24, 1967, to 6501 ft. (1982 m.), at w. extension of Waterman Mt. along Waterman Mt. Trail 10W04 from c. 0.75 to 2.5 miles ESE from Three Points Trailhead, Valerie Soza, Naomi Fraga, et al., June 16, 2003; Apr.-July, uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: June 10, 1901, L.R. Abrams, Wilson’s Pk., no elev. given

SBCo.: Sheep Cr., near Pinon Hills, 0.3 mi. s. of Hwy 138 at Scrub Oak Rd., May 1, 1995, 4441 ft. (1354 m.); near summit of peak s.e. of Oak Springs Ranch, s. of Pinon Hills, May 27, 1996, 6140 ft. (1872 m.); Pinon Hills, e. trib. of Oak Springs Cyn., burn area,, July 6, 1995, 5701 ft. (1738 m.); Ralston Pk., on s. ridge, May 23, 1998, 4379 ft. (1335 m.)

Other records:

Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, May 16, 2003, 3800 ft. (1159 m.) & S.B. Parish & Greata, May, 1901

FVS: May, 1901

Triodanis biflora (Ruiz & Pav.) Greene, Small Venus Lookingglass

LACo.:; Jerome S. Horton, Tanbark Flats, SDEF, June 29, 1937, (822 m.); L. C. Wheeler, Bell Cyn., July 2, 1936, 2800 ft. (853 m.); L.C. Wheeler, vic. of Coulter Reservoir Sunset Ridge, s. of Millard Cyn., n. side of Sunset Ridge, n.e. of reservoir, May 7, 1967, 2050 ft. (625 m.); J.C. Roos, Santa Anita Cyn., May 23, 1942, no elev. given; P.A. Munz & R. D. Harwood, San Dimas Cyn., May 2, 1920, 1500 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: May 2, 1920

SBCo.: No records found:

Triodanis perfoliata (L.) Nieuwl., Clasping Venus’ Looking-glass

LACo.: Anstruther Davidson, San Gab. Mts. Region, Sierra Madre, May 1, 1910, no elev. given.

SBCo.: No records found.


Cannabaceae Hemp Family

Cannabis sativa L. Grass, Hemp, Pot, Marjuana

Possibly native to c. Asia, but cultivated since pre-history.

LACo.: R.F. Thorne, Chantry Flats, above Santa Anita Cyn., Apr. 23, 1971,

2100 ft. (640 m.)

SBCo.: S. Fork Lytle Cr., SSW of Village of Scotland, Aug. 10, 1993, 3000 ft.

(915 m.)

Other records: None found.

+Celtis australis L., Nettle-tree, European Hackberry

Native to s. Europe, s.w. Asia

LACo: Live Oak Cyn., c. 1.6 miles n. of Baseline Rd., 0.8 miles due n. of Live Oak Cyn. Dam, Sep. 27, 1997, 1601 ft. (488 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Humulus lupulus L., European Hop

(synonym: H. lupulus L. var. neomexicanus A. Nelson & Cockerell)

Native to Eurasia

LACo.: R.F. Thorne, Cedar Springs Cr., 0.5 miles e. of Kratka Ridge, along Angeles Crest Hwy., July 2, 1969, 6800 ft. (2072 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.


Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle Family

Lonicera hispidula (Lindl.) Douglas ex Torr. & A. Gray, Pink Honeysuckle

(synonym: L. hispidula var. vacillans A. Gray)

LACo.: Joseph A. Ewan, above Madrono Flats, E. Fork Santa Anita Cyn., July 4, 1933, 3500 ft. (1066 m.); F.W. Peirson, Sturdevants Camp , Big Santa Anita Cyn., Aug. 7, 1951, 3500 ft. (1067 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Mt. Wilson Toll Rd. June 30, 1918, 3798 ft. (1158 m.)

FVS: June 30, 1918

SBCo.: No records found.

Lonicera interrupta Benth., Chaparral Honeysuckle

LACo.: From 3159-3198 ft. (963-975 m.), at Big Tujunga Cyn., 310 meters e. of where Coldwater Cyn. meets Big Tujunga Cr., T.S. Ross, July 10, 1992, to

5999 ft. (1829 m.), at Roundtop Mt., T.S. Ross, Aug. 14, 1991; May-Aug.; uncommon, all 3 sections

FVS: June 27, 1897, J.H. Barber, Aliso Cyn.

SBCo.: Ralston Pk., July i8, 1995, 4550 ft. (1387 m.); Baldy Mesa, 0.4 mi. w. of I-215 Frwy. on rd. 3N24, near Cajon Summit, June 26, 1995, 4379 ft. (1335 m.); Baldy Mesa Ridge, 1.2 mi. n.e. of Hwy 138 on Rd. 3N24, 0.7 mi. w. of point where rd. crosses ridge, near Nuss Ranch, June 10, 1995, 4999 ft. (1524 m.); upper Boneyard Cyn., c. 300 m. s. of Camp Jubilee Rd. jct., Pinon Hills, June 30, 1999, 4797 ft. (1463 m.); Horse Cyn. on ridgetop e. of FS Rd. 3N12 (Horse Cyn. Rd.), c. 0.25 mi. e. of rd. 3N12, Aug 31, 1993, 6399 ft. (1951 m.)

Other records:

Freda Detmers, Lytle Cr. Cyn., Sep. 8, 1931, no elev. given; Ed LaRue, upper S- curves in Lone Pine Cyn. Road, Wrightwood, July 10, 1993, no elev. given;

Anonym., Lytle Cr., 2 mi. above Glenn Ranch, May 24, 1931, no elev. given

FVS: May 24, 1931

Lonicera japonica Thurb., Japanese Honeysuckle

Native to Asia.

LACo.: Bill Kelley, naturalized on hillsides, Big Santa Anita Cyn., June 1, 1983, no elev. given

SBCo.: Glen Helen Regional Park, Oct. 9, 1994, 2000 ft. (610 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. at S. Fork, Bonita Trailer Park, w. side, July 12, 1968,

2900 ft. (883 m.)

FVS: July 12, 1968

+Lonicera subspicata Hook. & Arn., Southern Honeysuckle, Santa Barbara Honeysuckle

LACo.: Pine Mtn., n. of Azusa, June 19, 2000, 4540 ft. (1384 m.)

Other records:

Kathleen Stockwell, foothills n. of Padua Ave., uphill to water resevoirs near Padua Hill Theatre, NNE of Claremont, June 24, 2000, 2001 ft. (610 m.); Jennefer H. Jones & Jay H. Jones, Webb cyn. Rd., June 4, 2006,

1499 ft. (457 m.); Scott. D. White, San Gabriel River, N. of Azusa, parrallell to Hwy 39, along unnamed dirt access rd. to gauging station, below Morris Dam, May 21, 1997, 800 ft. (244 m.)

FVS: May 21, 1997

SBCo.: Cherry Cyn. Flats “Dry Lake” at s.w. base of Sugarloaf Pk.(s. of mouth of Icehouse Cyn.-added 2011), June 18, 1996, 5058 ft. (1542 m.); Stoddard Pk., s. of Barrett Villege & w. of Stockton Flat, June 15, 1996, 4599 ft. (1402 m.); Ralston Pk., s. ridge, May 23, 1998, 4379 ft. (1335 m.); ridgetop n.w. of Grande Cielo Buffalo Ranch, w. of Cajon Wash & s. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., June 1, 1996, 3759 ft. (1146 m.); Bear Flats, n. of Baldy Village, July 12, 1995, 5599 ft. (1707 m.); Lost Lake, c. 150 m. n. of Swarthout Cyn. Road, Lone Pine Canyon, Oct. 19, 1994, 2791 ft. (851 m.); Controversy Spring, head of Cajon Cyn., Oct. 8, 1993, 4599 ft. (1402 m.)

Other records:

Randall T. Schuh, et. al., Cajon Cyn., 2 km. n.w. of I-15 on Route 138, May 18, 2004, 3500 ft. (1067 m.)

FVS: Oct. 8, 1993

+Lonicera subspicata Hook. & Arn. var. denudata Rehder, Southern Honeysuckle, Santa Barbara Honeysuckle

(synonym: L. subspicata Hook. & Arn. var. johnstonii D.D. Keck)

Some plants are still listed on CPC-2009 as L. subspicata var. johnstonii. The ssp. johnstonii does however still exist and applies in L.A. Co. mostly to coastal and island locations. These plants will not be entered here at this time.

LACo.: From (150 m.) ? , mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 200 m. n. of I-210 Frwy, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 2009, _______ , to 6245 ft. (1904 m.), N. Fork San Antonio Cyn., I.M. Johnston, July 28, 1917; Feb.-Sep.; uncommon in montane, common in cismontane

FVS: June 28, 1892, C.E. Hutchinson, San Gab. Cyn., 2999 ft. (914 m.)

SBCo.: From 2099 ft. (640 m.) at w. of mouth of Cucamonga Cyn., R.F. Thorne & R. Carolin, Mar. 17, 1967, to 5697 ft. (1737 m.) at s. trail to Baldy Lookout, I.M. Johnston, July 8, 1915; Mar., June, July, Sep., Oct.; fairly common; transmontane, montane at Ice House Jct. with San Antonio Cyn., cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June, 1884; S.B. Parish & W.F. Parish, Lytle Cr., no elev. given

Symphoricarpos albus (L.) S.F. Blake var. laevigatus (Fernald) S.F. Blake, Common Snowberry

Toxic to humans.

LACo.: From 1319 ft. (402 m.), San Gabriel River main stem across from Morris Dam, between San Gabriel Cyn. Road (Hwy. 39) and Silver Fish Truck Trail, Ellen Mackey & Blake Whittington, Oct. 24, 2006, to 2998-3067 ft. (914-935 m.), between Wilson Cyn. Saddle & Los Pinetos Spring (head of Los Pinetos Cyn.),Tim Ross & Walter Appleby, May 20, 1993; May, July-Oct.; rare; cismontane

Other records:

R.G. Swinney, San Dimas Cyn., Main Fork, c. 100 meters n. of confl. with E. Fork, May 29, 1999, 1801 ft. (549 m.); O. Mistretta, Los Pinetos Spring Cyn. Trail, July 13, 1992, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Los Pinetos Cyn. Spring, Aug. 20, 1968, 2801 ft. (854 m.); L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Canyon, Sep. 6, 1931, 2100 ft. (650 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Oak Spring, Oak Spring Cyn., off Little Tujunga, July 1, 1968, 2600 ft. (793 m.)

FVS: Sep. 6, 1931, L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., 2100 ft. (640 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Symphoricarpos mollis Nutt, Trip Vine, Creeping Snowberry

LACo.: From 1305 ft. (398 m.), at lower San Dimas Cyn. Road, Ellen Mackey & Blake Whittington, Oct. 11, 2006, to 3608 ft. (1100 m.), at So. California Edison transmission line corridor (Seg. 6, Structure 108 per TRTP Survey 2008) Van Tassel Mtwy., Fish Cyn. Drainage, Orlando MIstretta & Christine Mistretta, May 16, 2008; Apr., May, Aug.-Oct.; uncommon; cismontane (highest location is Wilson’s Pk., but the elev. is not recorded)

Other records:

E.L. Brown, May 1894, Live Oak Cyn., c. 1.6 mi. n. of Baseline Rd., 0.8 mi. due n. of Live Oak Cyn. Dam, Sep 27, 1997, 1601 ft. (488 m.); R.G. Swinney, Glendora, 0.2 mi. e. of Big Dalton Cyn. Rd. in Pavil Cyn., June 2009, 1380 ft. (421 m.); I.M. Johnston, Evey Cyn., Aug. 25, 1918, 3000 ft. (915 m.); Gary D. Cromwell & David W. Wheat, Mystic Cyn., 2 mi. n.e. of Glendora at upper fork, Apr. 16, 1971, 1597 ft. (487 m.); Frank W. Peirson, Monrovia Cyn., May 18, 1919, 1499-2998 ft. (457-914 m.)

FVS: May 30, 1889, Anstruther Davidson, Millard’s Cyn., Pasadena

SBCo.: Lower Lytle Cr. Divide, 3.2 mi. s.e. of Lytle Cr. Rd. & Applewhite Road jct., on FS Rd. 3N31, 3300-3600 ft. (1006-1098 m.);

Other records:

R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, trib. to Lytle Creek Cyn., near to mouth, June 26, 1969, 2500 ft. (762 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Meyer Cyn., off Lytle Cr., May 9, 1968, 2300 ft. (701 m.)

FVS: May 9, 1968

Symphoricarpus oreophilus A. Gray var. utahensis (Rydb.) A. Nelson, Utah Snowberry

(synonyms: S. vaccinioides Rydb. and S. utahensis Rydb. and S. tetonensis A. Nelson) Not listed in TJM-2012

LACo.: Orlando Mistretta & S.D. Boyd, Santiago Cyn., drainage n.w. of Pacifico Mt., June 21, 1994, 6200 ft. (1890 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Symphoricarpos rotundifolius A. Gray, Snowberry

LACo.: Icy Springs, trib. of Big Rock Creek, Aug. 13, 2008, 5760 ft. (1756 m.)

Other records:

Peter Kamb, ridge w. of Mt. Watkins, w. of Mt. Hawkins, Sep. 28, 1974, 7997 ft. (2438 m.); Peter Kamb, summit of Mt. Islip, June 30, 1947, 8197 ft. (2499 m.);

FVS: June 30, 1947

SBCo.: No records found.

Symphoricarpos rotundifolius A. Gray var. parishii (Rydb.) Dempster, Parish’s Snowberry

Difficult to distinguish from S. rotundifolius var. rotundifolius A. Gray.

LACo.: From 5199 ft. (1585 m.), at Sulphur Springs Cmpgrd. area, S. Fork Littlerock Cr., R.G. Swinney, May 28, and July 22, 2009, to 9496 ft. (2895 m.), at w. slope of Mt. Baldy, P.A. Munz, Sep. 16, 1917, May-Oct.; uncommon to rare; montane

FVS: Sep. 1904, Geo. R. Hall, Swartout Cyn.

SBCo.: 200 m. s.e. of Cucamonga Wilderness Trailhead at San Sevaine Rd., n.w. of Joe Elliot Big Tree Memorial, July 21, 1993, 6035 ft. (1840 m.)

Other records:

Marcus E. Jones, s. of Antonio Pk., June 28, 1931, no elev. given; I.M. Johnston, head of S. Fork Lytle Cr., July 15, 1917, 8200 ft. (2500 m.); I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Pk., cyn. w. of Manzanita Flats, July 22, 1925, 5996 ft. (1828 m.); R.F. Thorne & Selwyn Everist, cienaga near Coldwater Fk. of Lytle Cr., July 31, 1971, 7000 ft. (2133 m.); L.C. Wheeler, S. Fork Lytle Cr., June 14, 1968, 5500 ft.

(1676 m.); I.M. Johnston, w. end of Ontario Pk., June 23, 1918, 6996 ft.

(2133 m.); I.M. Johnston, Coldwater Fk. Lytle Cr., San Antonio Mts., July 3, 1917, 6996 ft. (2133 m.)

FVS: July 3, 1917

Caryophyllaceae Pink Family

Arenaria serpyllifolia L. var. serpilifolia, Thymeleaf Sandwort

Native to Europe.

LACo.: F.W. Peirson, Colby’s Ranch, May 27, 1924, no elev. given; Marcus E. Jones, Claremont, June 19, 1926, no elev. given (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary); I.M. Johnston, Claremont, Apr. 25, 1918, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

FVS: Apr. 25, 1918

SBCo.: No records found.

Cerastium fontanum Baumg. ssp. vulgare (Hartm.) Greuter & Burdet, Common Mouse-ear Chickweed, Big Chickweed

Native to Europe.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Rincon Ranger Station (W. Fork San Gabriel Cyn.), Oct. 27, 1966,

SBCo.: James Henrickson, Lower Lytle Cr. Wash, 2-4 air miles n. of I-15, May 1, 1985, 2400-2800 ft. (787-918 m.)

Cerastium glomeratum Thuill., Mouse-ear Chickweed, Sticky Chickweed

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 918 ft. (280 m.), at Duarte, lower Van Tassel Cyn., 0.3 to 0.6 miles n.w. (upstream) of confl. with San Gabriel River, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 16, 2009 to 3519 ft. (1073 m.), at So. Calif. Edison transmission line corridor (Seg. 6, structure 107 per TRTP Survey 2008) upper Fish Cyn., Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistsretta, May 16, 2008 fairly common; cismontane

FVS: May 18, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Monrovia Cyn., 1499 ft. (457 m.)

SBCo.: Arthur C. Gibsan, Stoddard cyn., May 12, 1971, 3201 ft. (976 m.); Gerald L. Benny & Colin M. Wainwright, Day Cyn., Apr. 21, 1971, 2800 ft.

(853 m.); Mitch Provance, Rancho Cucamonga, E. Etiwanda Cr., c. 0.5 mi. e. of Etiwanda & Highland Aves., Mar. 12, 1998, 1401 ft. (427 m.); L.C. Wheeler, San Sevaine Cow Camp, June 14, 1968, 4700 ft. (1432 m.)

FVS: June 14, 1968

Eremogone macradenia (S. Watson) Ikonn, Desert or Mojave Sandwort

(synonyms: Arenaria macradenia S. Watson and A. macradenia S. Watson var. parishionum)

LACo.: ridge, c. 400 m. s.e. of summit of Lookout (Antonio) Mt., June 16, 1998, 6081 ft. (1854 m.); Largo Vista area, c. 0.5 mi. e. of Largo Vista Rd. at a point 3.56 miles s. of Hwy 138, May 18, 2001, 4212 ft. (1284 m.); Buford Cyn., 0.5 mi. w. of San Bernardino Co. line, s. of Hwy 2 and Swarthout Valley, c. 2 air mi. w. of Wrightwood, July 16, 1997, 6301 ft. (1921 m.); near Pinon Hills, Mescal Highlands, Graham Cyn., 1.7 i. n. of Panorama Way at Grahmn Cyn. Mtwy., 0.6 mi. s. of Ft. Tejon Rd., May 16, 1998, 4002 ft. (1220 m.); head of Cedar Cyn., ridge c. 200 m. n. of Big Pines Hwy., 0.5 mi. w. of jct. with Hwy 2, July 5, 1999, 7619 ft. (2323 m.); E. Table Mt. summit, Wrigthtwood area, July 2, 1998, 7400 ft. (2256 m.)

Other records:

B.C. Templeton, Taable Mt., near Big Pines Park, Aug 25, 1932, 6858 ft.

(2091 m.); Kathy Harper, Hwy 2, Big Pines in vicinity of Dawson Saddle, at mi. marker 56.54, May 16, 1986, no elev. given; Albert J. Perkins, Crystal Lake, no date given, elev. incorrect ?; Ed LaRue, c. 1.5 air mi. n.e. of Wrightwood, c. 0.125 mi. w. of Hwy 2 on Desert Front Rd., May 21, 1992, 5100 ft. (1555 m.); LeRoy Gross, w. terminus of Holcomb Ridge, w. of Big Rock Cr. along the e. & n.e. side of hill, n. of Fort Tejon Rd., w. of Valyermo Rd., May 3, 1905, 3559 ft. (1085 m.)

FVS: May 3, 1905

SBCo.: Pinon Hills, at jct. of Desert FrontRd., (Oak Springs Ranch Rd.) & Oak Springs Ranch, June 29, 1995, 5320 ft. (1622 m.); Pinon Hills area, 90-150 m. s.w. of jct. of Hwy 138 & Sheep Cr. on ridge extending to Hwy 138, w. of Horse Cyn., May 29, 1995, 4520 ft. (1378 m.)

Other records: No records found.

FVS: May 29, 1995

+ Eremogone macradenia (S. Watson) Ikonn var. arcuifolia (Maguire) R.L. Hartm. & Rabeler, Mojave Sandwort

[synonyms: Arenaria macradenia S. Watson ssp. macradenia var. arcuifolia Maguire and A. macradenia S. Watson var. arcuifolia Maguire and E. macradenis var. kuschei (Eastw.) R.L. Hartm. Rabeler and Arenaria macradenia S. Watson var. kuschei (Eastw.) Maguire]

The following is taken from TJM 2012: Based on recent collections, E. macradenia var. kuschei (Eastw.) R.L. Hartm. & Rabeler, recognized by densely glandular-hairy infl. and sepals, intergrades completely with E. macradenia var. arcuifolia, previously considered largely glabrous (Ross & Boyd 199t Crossosoma 22: 65-71)

LACo.: From 2500 ft. (762 m.), at Soledad Cyn., near Ravenna,G.R. Johnstone, June 22, 1930, to 7250 ft. (2209 m.), at summit of Le Montaine, n. of Big Pines, n. side of San Gab. Mts., F.W. Peirson, July 5, 1922; May-Aug.; uncommon; transmontane

FVS: July 4, 1893, Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock Cr.

SBCo.: Baldy Mesa Ridge, 1.7 mi. n.e. of Hwy. 138 on FS Road 3N24, ridgetop, 0.5 mi. w. of point where rd. crosses ridge near Nuss Ranch, June 10, 1995,

5000 ft. (1524 m.); Pinon Hills, 0.5 mi. w. of Green Rd., at Sunnyslope Rd., c. 200 meters n.w. of end of Sunnyslope, June 2, 1996, 4910 ft. (1497 m.); Baldy Mesa Ridge, 7.8 mi. e. of jct. of rd. 3N24 & Baldy Mesa Ridge, at w. terminus of 3N24, c. 0.2 mi. s. of 3N24 on FS Road 3N53, June 26, 1995, 4240 ft. (1292 m.)

Other records:

W.L. Jepson, Cajon Pass, May 28, 1914, 3598 ft. (1097 m.)

FVS: May 28, 1914

Eremogone macradenia (S. Watson) Ikonn var. macradenia, Mojave Sandwort

(synonyms: Arenaria macradenia S. Watson ssp. macradenia and A. macradenia S. Watson ssp. macradenia var. macradenia)

LACo.: Joseph Andorfer Ewan, n. side of Table Mt. at head of Le Montaine Cr., Swarthout Valley region, Aug. 3, 1934, 7295 ft. (2224 m.); H.M. Hall, Schwartout Cyn. (Swarthout Cyn.,-added 2010), June 1, 1899, 6498 ft. (1981 m.); J.H. Barber, Mt. Gleason Summit, July 11, 1897, no elev. given; Anonym., San Gab. Mts. Big Rock, 1895, no elev. given.;

FVS: 1895

SBCo.: E. LaRue, San Gab. Mts., c. 1.5 mi. (airline), n.e. of Wrightwood, c. 0.125 miles w. of Hwy. 2 on Desert Front Rd., May 21, 1992, 5100l ft. (1555 m.); W.L. Jepson, Cajon Pass, May 28, 1914, 3598 ft. (1097 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 28, 1914

Herniaria hirsuta L. var. cinerea (DC.) Loret & Barrandon, Hairy Rupturewort

[synonym: H. hirsuta ssp. cinerea (DC.) Coutinho]

Native to s. Europe, n. Africa, and s.w. Asia.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Robert F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, et al., Lytle Cr. Ranger Station, July 7, 1971, 2670 ft. (814 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. Ranger Station, Sep. 16, 1968, no elev. given

FVS: Sep. 16, 1968

Herniaria hirsuta L. var. hirsuta, Hairy Rupturewort

(synonym: H. hirsuta L. ssp. hirsuta)

Native to s. Europe; n. Africa; s.w. Asia

LACo.: LeRoy Gross, Michael Denslow, et al., Van Tassel Truck Trail (1N36) close to jct. with Silver Fish Rd. (1N29), May 12, 2003, 3401 ft. (1037 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Loeflingia squarrosa Nutt., Spreading Pygmyleaf

[synonyms: L. squarrosa ssp. squarrosa and L. squarrosa var. artemisiarum (Barneby & Twisselm.) Dorn]

LACo.: Duarte/Azusa, San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, e. side of channel, 1.2 miles n. of Foothill Blvd., Apr. 3, 2009, 600 ft. (183 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Wash, (the elev. given, would place this well above Foothill Blvd.), Apr. 21, 1936, 1200 ft. (366 m.); L. C. Wheeler, San Gabriel Wash (elev. given would place this below the I-210 Frwy, which is generally considerred part of the Coastal Plains & Basins Region), May 26, 1932, 350 ft. (107 m.); LeRoy Gross, ridgeline to Mt. Emma & cyn. s. of this ridge, w. from Mt. Emma (n.w. trending ridge, lower part of ridgeline starts to turn s.w. e. of Mt. Emma Rd., then dropped off ridge, Apr. 28, 2005, 4051 ft. (1235 m.); F.W. Peirson, N. Fork San Gabriel River, June 20, 1921, 2998 ft. (914 m.); T.S. Ross, S.D. Boyd, et al., Soledad Cyn. Wash, c. 1/2 mile e. of Acton, Apr. 30, 1991, 2720 ft. (829 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Canyon, vic. of Oak of the Golden Dream, May 18, 1967, 1570 ft. (478 m.) ; F.W. Peirson, Little Tujunga Wash, w. end of San Gab. Mts., May 3, 1920, 1099 ft. (335 m.)

FVS: May 3, 1920

SBCo.: on w. side of Cajon Wash, flood plain at Glen Helen Regional Park, c.

100 m. n. of Devore Rd., c. 100 m. e. of Glen Helen Road, Mar. 17, 1993, 2001 ft. (610 m.)

Other records: None found.

Minuartia californica (A. Gray) Mattf., California Sandwort

LACo.: Mescal Highlands, 1 mi. s. of Ft. Tejon Rd. & 237th St. jct., May 16, 1998, 4280 ft. (1305 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: Pending verification, Wye Peak, San Bernardino Mts., adjacent to Cajon Pass, just n.e. of Cajon Jct., Mar. 24, 2008, 3670 ft. (1119 m.), 1 pop. on n. side

Other records: None found.

Minuartia douglasii (Torr. & A. Gray) Mattf., Douglas’ Sandwort (Stichwort)

LACo.: From 850 ft. (259 m.), at Fish Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, May 5, 1933, to

7902 ft. (2409 m.), at Hwy. 2, Big Pines in vic. of Dawson Saddle, at mile marker 56.54, Kathy Harper, May 16, 1986; Feb.-July; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: June 7, 1906, H.E. Hasse & A. Davidson, Big Rock Cr.

SBCo.: s. of Barrett Village, Apr. 20, 1996, 4000 ft. (1220 m.); w. of Cajon Wash & s. of Hwy 138, c. 1 mi. SSW of Cajon Jct, off FS Road 3N49, Apr. 29, 1995

(945 m.)

Other records:

Gerald L. Benny et. al., n. of Rancho Cucamonga, burned in 1970, in river bed, Apr. 4, 1971, 2998 ft. (914 m.); Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 16, 1971, 2470 ft. (753 m.); Marcus E. Jones, Cajon Pass, May 16, 1903, 3800 ft.

(1159 m.)

FVS: May 16, 1903

Minuartia nuttallii (Pax) Briq. var. gracilis (B.L. Rob.) Rabeler & R.L. Hartm., Brittle Sandwort

(synonym: M. nuttallii ssp. gracilis (B.L. Rob.) McNeil]

LACo.: e. end of Big Horn Ridge, c. 0.5 mi. s.w. of W. Baldy Pk., Aug. 9, 1999, 9200 ft. (2805 m.); W. Baldy Pk., Aug. 27, 1998, 9899 ft. (3018 m.); ridge due n. of Big Horn Ridge & s. of San Antonio Ridge, above & adjacent to Coldwater Cyn., Aug. 27, 1998, 8498 ft. (2591 m.); E. Pk. on Pleasant View Ridge, Aug. 9, 2001, 8212 ft. (2504 m.); Pleasant View Ridge, saddle at w. end of Mt. Williamson (complex-added 2011), Aug. 9, 2001, 8200 ft. (2500 m.)

Other records:

Frank W. Peirson, divide - Bear Cr. & Little Rock Trib., June 17, 1921, 6796 ft. (2072 m.); Fred Burlew, Mt. San Antonio, Aug. 1916, no elevation given; Orlando Mistretta, Devils Backbone Ridge, June 24, 1993, 8050 ft. (2453 m.); T.P. Krantz & K. Berg, W. San Antonio Pk., Sep. 26, 1980, 9801 ft. (2988 m.); Robert F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., on ridge running e. towards Old Baldy (Mt. San Antonio) W. Baldy Pk., July 27, 1971, 9896 ft. (3017 m.); LeRoy Gross & Valerie Soza, Mt. Baldy Trail form Baldy Village to summmit of Mt. San Antonio, s. of W. Baldy, June 10, 2003, 9499 ft. (2896 m.); R.F. Thorne & Robert Frampton, W. Baldy Pk., June 27, 1971, 9888 ft. (3013 m.); L.C. Wheeler, W. Baldy, Sep. 13, 1967, 9900 ft. (3018 m.)

FVS: Aug., 1916, Fred Burlew, Mt. San Antonio

SBCo.: Mt. Harwood, Aug. 22, 1995, 9479 ft. (2890 m.)

Other records: None found.

Polycarpum depressum Nutt., California Manyseed

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: P.A. Munz, 2 miles n. of Claremont, Mar. 14, 1923, 1400 ft. (426 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Live Oak Cyn. Dam, Apr. 24, 1934, 1500 ft. (451 m.); F.W. Peirson, burned area in hills e. of Rubio Cyn., June 4, 1918, no elev. given

FVS: June 4, 1918

SBCo.: No records found.

Polycarpum tetraphyllum (L.) L. var. tetraphyllum, Four-Leaved Allseed, Fourleaf Manyseed

Nativeto s. Europe.

LACo.: From 554 ft. (169 m.), at Azusa/Irwindale, between the I-210 Frwy. & Foothill Blvd. on w. side of San Gabriel River channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 7, 2009, to 2801 ft. (854 m.), at San Antonio Cyn., along Mt. Baldy Rd. between Spruce Cyn., & “Hog Back”, Michael Honer, June 22, 2004; Mar.-Aug., Oct.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: May 1921, E. Rockwell, Eaton Cyn., 997 ft. (304 m.)

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr., Miller Narrows, July 13, 1967, 2775 ft. (845 m.)

Sagina apetala Ard., Dwarf or Annual Pearlwort

Native to Europe.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Sunset Ridge by Millard Cyn., n. side, n.e. of Coulter Reservoir, June 16, 1967, 2100 ft. (640 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Sunset Ridge, by Millard Cyn., Apr. 23, 1967, no elev. given

FVS: Apr. 23, 1967

SBCo.: No records found.

Sagina decumbens (Elliott) Torr. & A. Gray ssp. occidentalis (S. Watson) Crow, Western Pearlwort

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Jack Easton, Sycamore Flats, between Lytle Cr. Wash & Cajon Wash, May 1, 1988, 2001 ft. (610 m.)

Sagina saginoides (L.) Karst., Arctic Plearlwort

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Dorr Cyn., n.w. side of Mt. Burnham, Aug. 21, 1966, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, headwaters of Devil’s Cyn., on s. side of Mt. Waterman, Aug. 9, 1967, 7000 ft. (2134 m.); F.R. Fosberg & J. Ewan, Little Jimmy Spring, Windy Camp, n. slope of Mt. Islip, Aug. 12, 1931, 7544 ft.

(2300 m.)

FVS: Aug. 12, 1931

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, n.e. slope Mt. San Antonio, headwater of W. Fork of N. Fork of Lytle Cr., July 15, 1968, 3900 ft. (2713 m.); P.A. Munz, Kelly’s Cabin near Ontario Pk., July 18, 1922, 8102 ft. (2470 m.); F.W. Peirson, near a spring at Kelly’s Cabin (Ontario Ridge), July 7, 1918, 8197 ft. (2499 m.)

FVS: July 7, 1918

Silene antirrhina L, Snapdragon Campion, Sleepy Antirrhina or Catchfly

LACo.: From 1500 ft. (457 m.), at Liveoak Cyn. Dam, L.C. Wheeler, Apr. 24, 1934, to 4359 ft. (1329 m.), at Devil’s Punchbowl Co. Park, west trib. of W. Fork Punchbowl Cyn., 0.4 miles n.e. of park hdqts., R.G. Swinney, June 4, 2008; Apr.-June; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: May 14, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Eaton Cyn., 2400 ft. (732 m.)

SBCo.: s. Spring Hill area, n. of Stoddard Flat, July 20, 1995, 4080 ft. (1244 m.)

Other records:

Gerald L. Benny, Day Cyn., burned in 1970, Apr. 16, 1971, 2798 ft. (853 m.)

FVS: Apr. 16, 1971

Silene armeria L., Sweet William Catchfly or Silene

Native to Europe.

LACo.: A.C. Sanders & D. Malueg, along Hwy. 2 at LaCanada at turnoff to SCE Gould Substation, Gould Cyn., Watershed, June 22, 1998, 2001 ft. (610 m.); Robert C. Frampton, Gale Cyn., foothills n. of Claremont, July 15, 1980, 1499 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: July 15, 1980

SBCo.: No records found.

Silene coniflora Otth., Multinerved or Manynerve Catchfly

(synonym: S. multinervia S. Watson)

Native to Asia.

LACo.: P.A. Munz & R.D. Harwwood, San Dimas Cyn., Apr. 21, 1920, 1500 ft. (457 m.); P.A. Munz, San Gabriel Cyn., Apr. 23, 1925, 1600 ft. (488 m.); Frank Peirson, foothills e. Rubio Cyn., June 4, 1918, 1998 ft. (609 m.); Frank W. Peirson, San Gabriel Cyn at forks, Apr. 23, 1925, 1748 ft. (533 m.)

FVS: Apr. 23, 1925

SBCo.: Lower Lytle Cr. Ridge, 1.5 mi. s.w. of jct. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd. & Applewhite Rd., c. 0.8 mi. east of Glenn Ranch, Apr. 22, 1995, 3319 ft. (1012 m.)

Other records: None found.

Silene gallica L., Windmil Pink, Common or Small-flower Catchfly

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 630 ft. (192 m.), at Azusa/Duarte, San Gabriel Cyn. wash, 0.4-1 mile n. (upstream) of Puente Largo (Railway-added 2010) Bridge, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 21, 2009, to 2398 ft. (731 m.), at Eaton Cyn., Frank W. Peirson, May 14, 1919; Mar.-May; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: May 7, 1897, H.P. Chandler, Claremont, 1299 ft. (396 m.)

SBCo.: Cucamonga, c. 0.5 mi. s.e. of gauging station at mouth of Day Cyn., at jct. of Day Cyn. Road & Frontage Fire Rd., Apr. 22, 1995, 2640 ft. (805 m.); s.w. of mouth of Lytle Cr. Cyn., 4.8-5.0 mi. w. of Lytle Cr. Road (Nealy’s Corner) and c. 0.4 mi. n. of Frontline Mtwy., Mar. 15, 1993, 1801 ft. (549 m.); e. mouth of Lytle Cr. Cyn., 80-200 m. west of Sycamore Ranger Station, on the ridge, Mar. 23, 1993, 1993 ft. (621 m.)

Other records:

Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., on cyn. floor near trail, Apr. 15, 1971, 2447 ft. (746 m.)

FVS: Apr. 15, 1971

Silene laciniata Cav., Southern Indian Pink, Cardinal Catchfly

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: ridge on w. side of San Antonio Cyn., between Evey Cyn. & unnamed first cyn. to n., c. 0.5 mi. w. of San Antonio Cyn. Road, June 25, 2000, 3802 ft.

(1159 m.)

Other records: John E. Green, Arroyo Seco, Pasadena, n. of Jet Prop. Lab., transect one, July 17, 2003, 1250 ft. (381 m.); Doris Bouers, Arroyo Seca (Seco-added 20120), Pasadena, June 22, 1957, 1499 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: June 22, 1957

SBCo.: Stoddard Pk., s. of Barrett Village & w. of Stoddard Flat, June 15, 1996, 4599 ft. (1402 m.)

Other records: None found.

+Silene laciniata Cav. ssp. laciniata, Mexican Pink , Southern Indian Pink, Cardinal Catchfly

[synonyms: S. laciniata ssp. major C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire and S. laciniata ssp. brandegeei C.L. Hitchc.Maguire and S. laciniata var. angustifolia C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire and S. laciniata var. latifolia C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire]

LACo.: From 1197 (365 m.), at Little Dalton Cyn., Lyman Benson, May 13, 1947 and at Fish Cyn., somewhat below Falls, R.F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, May 22, 1971, to 4400 ft. (1341 m.), at Mt. Wilson Trail, n. of jct. with Upper Winter Cr. Trail, s.e. side of Mt. Harvard, Valerie Soza & LeRoy Gross; Apr.-Aug.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: June 22, 1910, Fordyce Grinnell Jr., Switzers Tr., 3496 ft. (1066 m.)

SBCo.: Stoddard Pk., s. of Barrett Village & w. of Stoddard Flat, June 15, 1996, 4599 ft. (1402 m.); unnamed trib. to Lytle Cr., 2.4 mi. north of Devore Rd. & c. 1 mi. west of Lytle Cr., Aug 2, 1993, 2699 ft. (823 m.)

Other records:

Gelrald L. Benny, Day Cyn., burned in 1970, Apr. 16, 1971, 3000 ft. (914 m.); R.F. Thorne, San Sevaine Rd., June 5, 1971, 3800 ft. (1159 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, trib. to Lytle Cr. Cyn., near mouth, June 26, 1969, 2500 ft. (762 m.); W. Bertsch, Mt. Baldy Rd., June 9, 1954, 1998 ft. (609 m.); B.C. Templeton, Swartout Cyn., July 10, 1927, no elev. given

FVS: July 10, 1927

Silene lemmonii S. Watson, Lemmon’s Campion (Catchfly)

LACo.: From 3297 ft. (1005 m.), between Dawn Mine & Station, Millards Cyn., F.W. Peirson, May 11, 1920, to 6000 ft. (1829 m.), summit of Mt. Wilson, George B. Grant, June 15, 1906; Apr., May; rare-uncommon; cismontane

FVS: June 14, 1892, Anstruther Davidson, Wilson’s Pk.

SBCo.: Stoddard Flats, s. of Barrett Village, July 25, 1995, 4451 ft. (1357 m.); s. of Barrett Cyn. Village, along Barrett-Stoddard Rd., July 20, 1995, 4002 ft. (1220 m.), also, J. Olmstead, near same location, Apr. 24, 1959

Other records:

I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Cyn. at Charcoal Camp, June 7, 19--, 4697 ft.

1432 m.); Colin M. Wainwright, Day Cyn., June 9, 1971, 3802 ft. (1159 m.); Freda Detmers, Lytle Cr. Cyn., May 10, 1931, no elev. given; James Henrickson, in lower Lytle Cr. Wash, 2.5 mi. n. of I-15, ____, 2600-2800 ft. (853-918 m.); Louis C. Wheeler, Cascade Cyn., off San Antonio Cyn., May 28, 1932, 3647 ft.

(1112 m.); I.M. Johnston, Cascade Cyn. w.end of Ontario Pk., June, 1917,

4401 ft. (1371 m.)

FVS: June, 1917

Silene menziesii Hook.,Menzies’ Catchfly or Campion

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: s. of Barrett Cyn. Village along Garrett-Stoddard Rd., July 20, 1995, (1220 m.) (has also been determined as S. lemmonii - final determination pending)

Other records: None found.

+Silene parishii S. Watson, Parish’s Catchfly

(synonym: S. parishii S. Watson var. latifolia C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire)

LACo.: From 5596 ft. (1706 m.), at trail from San Gabriel Pk. to Mt. Wilson, F.W. Peirson, Sep. 7, 1918 and w. of Mt. Islip, just above e. boundary of San Gabriel Wilderness, c. 4 mile closed section of Hwy. 39 from c. 1.6 miles w. of jct. of Crystal Lake access rd. to jct. Hwy. 2, Scott D. White & Dave Bramlet, Aug. 11, 1998, to 8997 ft. (2743 m.), at w. slope of Baldy, I.M. Johnston, Sep. 16, 1917; July-Sep.; uncommon, montane, cismontane at trail to Mt. Wilson

FVS: Aug. 21, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Pine Mt., 7695 ft. (2346 m.)

SBCo.: n.e. area of Cucamonga Peak, Aug. 14, 1995, 8859 ft. (2701 m.); above first waterfall in Dog Bone Cyn., west trib. of N. Fork Lytle Cr., due s. of Alpine Cyn., n.e. of Dawson Peak, Aug. 21, 1996, 7879 ft. (2402 m.); n. of Pine Mt. Ridge on first saddle n. of Pine Mt., between Pine Mtn. & Wright Mt., Aug. 10, 1995, 8449 ft. (2576 m.); extreme w. end of Middle Fk. Lytle Cr., 0.3 mi. w. of Commanche Cmpgrd., July 20, 1994, 3064 ft. (934 m.); Lost Cr. Cyn., s. trib. of Icehouse Cyn., e. of Sheep Flat, July 22, 1994, 6599 ft. (2012 m.)

Other records:

D.D. Keck, between Kelly’s Cabin & Divide (Icehouse Saddle ?); L.E. Hoffman, Mt. Baldy, Aug. 21, 1932, 9000 ft. (2744 m.); R.F. Thorne, near s. end of Telegraph Pk., ridge along tr. to Timber Mt., Oct. 28, 1967, 8850 ft. (2697 m.);

I.M. Johnston, Middle Fk. Lytle Cr., July 29, 1917, 6996 ft. (2133 m.);

Antstruther Davidson, Icehouse Cyn. Camp Baldy, Aug. 1, 1915, 5497 ft.

(1676 m.)

FVS: Aug. 1, 1915

Silene verecunda S. Watson, San Francisco Campion

[synonyms: S. verecunda S. Watson ssp. andersonii (Clokey) C.L. Hitchc. & Maguire and S. verecunda S. Watson ssp. platyota (S. Watson) C.L. Hitch. & Maguire]

LACo.: From 4599 ft. (1402 m.), at E. Fork Puzzle Cyn., near Old (abandoned) homesite at 2800 Deep Cr. Cyn. Rd., R.G. Swinney, June 28, 1999, to 9496 ft. (2895 m.) at Little Baldy, July 21, 1922, P.A. Munz; May-Nov.; common; transmontane, montane, cismontane at Colby Creek Cyn. Trail, Tujunga Dist., Orlando Mistretta, July 9, 1992

FVS: Anstruther Davidson, Wilson’s Pk., Aug. 20, 1892, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 5320 ft. (1622 m.) at Pinon Hills, jct. of Desert Front Rd.(=Oak Springs Ranch Rd.) & Oak Spring Ranch, June 29, 1995, author, to 9600 ft.

(2927 m.) at base of granitic boulders at Saddle between Mt. Harwood & Mt. San Antonio, along FS Trail 7W04, Oct. 8, 1977, J.R. Shevock; May-Oct.; common; transmontane, montane

FVS: S.B. Parish, n. slopes of Old Baldy, June, 1887, no elev. given

Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke, Bladder Campion, Maidenstears

Native to Europe.

LACo.: Bob Alcom, n. of Glendora along the rd. against the hills, Apr. 25,

1955, no elev. given; George A. Garrettson, Sierra Madre Ave., 1/3 mi. e. of Azusa Ave., Azusa, Apr. 22, 1955, no elev. given

FVS: Apr. 22, 1955

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne & Selwyn Everist, Mt. Baldy Notch, July 31, 1971, 7800 ft. (2378 m.)

Spergula arvensis L., Stickwort, Starwort, Cornspurr Spurry

(synonym: S. arvensis ssp. arvensis)

Native to Europe.

LACo.: San Dimas Experimental Forest, openings, low elevations, SDEF, 1988 (no record found in the CCH)

SBCo.: No records found.

Spergularia bocconi (Scheele) Foucaud ex Merino, Boccone’s Sandspurry

(synonym: S. bocconei orth. var.]

Native to s.w. Europe, Medit.

LACo.: Azusa, 0.7 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave., on n. side of San Gabriel River channel, Mar. 12, 2009, 741 ft. (226 m.); N. of Azusa, San Gabriel River Cyn., El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, Mar. 10, 2009, 971 ft. (296 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Mar. 10, 2009

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., along Cajon Cr. near Cajon Cmpgrd., in Cajon Cyn., June 29, 1972, 2750 ft. (838 m.)

Spergularia marina (L.) Griseb., Salt(Marsh) Sandspurry

(synonym: S. salina J. Presl. & C. Presl.)

LACo.: Glendora, Little Dalton Cyn. Debris Basin, June 14, 1993, 1200 ft.

(366 m.)

Other records: L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., June 26, 1967, 2000 ft. (610 m.)

FVS: June 26, 1967

SBCo.: No records found.

Spergularia rubra (L.) J. Presl. & C. Presl., Red Sandspurry

Native to Medit., Asia.

LACo.: Rincon Cyn., c. 300 m. s.w. of Rincon Rd. entrance and Hwy. 39 at W. Fork San Gabriel Cyn., on plateau w. of Rincon Rd., May 21, 2000, 1801 ft.

(549 m.)

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, So. Calif. Edison transmission line corridor (Seg. 6, structure 108 per TRTP Survey 2008) Van Tassell Mtwy., Fish Cyn. drainage, May 16, 2008, 3608 ft. (1100 m.); F.W. Peirson, summit of Echo Mt., May 11, 1920, 3201 ft. (976 m.)

FVS: May 11, 1920

SBCo.: No records found.

Spergularia villosa (Pers.) Camb., Hairy Sandspurry

Native to s. S. America.

LACo.: K.H. B., Tanbark Flats, above Glendora, SDEF, at Lysimeters, Nov. 19, 1943, 2496 ft. (761 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Stellaria media (L.) Vill., Common Chickweed

Native to s.w. Europe.

LACo.: From 581 ft. (177 m.), at mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., between I-210 Fwy. & Foothill Blvd., Azusa/Irwindale, R.G. Swinney, Feb. 20, 2009, to 3841ft.

(1171 m.) at Fern Cyn. at falls, c. 1.7 mi. e. of confluence with upper E. ForkSan Dimas Cyn., June 25, 1999, R.G. Swinney; Mar.-Nov.; uncommon in transmontane, common in cismontane

FVS: Apr. 19, 1919, F.W. Peirson, Pacoima cyn., 1998 ft. (609 m.)

SBCo.: Stoddard Cyn. at Stoddard Falls, Aug. 28, 1998, (915 m.); Glen Helen Regional Park, s. of E. Park entrance in Cajon Wash, 0.7 mi. s. of Devore Rd., Mar. 17, 1993, 1961 ft. (598 m.)

Other records: Arthur C. Gibson Stoddard Cyn., May 12, 1971, 2647 ft. (807 m.)

FVS: May 12, 1971

Stellaria neglecta Weihe, Greater or Common Chickweed

[synonym: S. media (L.) Vill. ssp. neglecta (Weihe) Murb] (this is the latest taxon in use and is most likely the one that should be listed)

Native to Europe.

LACo.: Monrovia Wilderness Park (modified-2011), trail 0-40 meters above cyn. bottom, from park entrance to 0.4 mi. up cyn., Mar. 28, 2009, 240 ft. (378 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Stellaria nitens Nutt., Shining Chickweed

LACo.: ridge overlooking s. end of Mystic Cyn. at Big Dalton Cyn., Apr. 4, 1995, (451 m.)

Other records:

P.A. Munz, San Gabriel Cyn., Apr. 23, 1925, 1600 ft. (488 m.); F.W. Peirson, along trail to Cattle Cyn., no date or elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., May 18, 1967, 1700 ft. (518 m.); K. Dobry, Elsmere Cyn., Apr. 4, 1991, no elev. given; Frank W. Peirson, Henniger Flats, May 26, 1918, 2847 ft. (868 m.)

FVS: May 26, 1918

SBCo.: Lower Lytle Cr. Ridge, 1.1 mi. s.w. of jct. of Swarthout Cyn. Road & Applewhite Road, c. 9.75 mi. e. of Applewhite Cmpgrd., Apr. 22, 1995, 3000 ft.

(915 m.)

Other records:

Arthur C. Gibson, near mouth of Stoddard Cyn., May 19, 1971, 2647 ft. (807 m.)

FVS: May 19, 1971

Stellaria pallida (Duort.) Crep., Lesser or Common Chickweed

(synonym: S. media (L.) Vill. ssp. pallida (Dumort.), Asch. & Graebn., Common Chickweed] (this is the latest taxon in use and is most likely the one that should be listed)

Native to s.w. Europe.

LACo.: mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., between I-210 Fwy. & Foothill, Azusa/Irwindale, 200-300 meters e. of San Gabriel River channel, Feb. 20, 2009, 581 ft. (177 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.


Chenopodiaceae Goosefoot Family

Atriplex argentia Nutt., Silverscale Saltbrush

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Barrell Spring, July 23, 1967

SBCo.: No records found.

Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt., Shad-scale, Fourwing Saltbush

Vars. intergrade.

LACo.: Juniper Hills, 0.4 miles s. of the jct. of Longview Rd. & Tumbleweed Rd., Mike Booth Property, July 21, 2005, 3988 ft. (1216 m.)

Other records:

H.S. Yates, 0.5 mi. west of Valyermo Ranger Station, Rock Creek, Aug. 28, 1936, 3998 ft. (1219 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Caldwell Lake, a sag pond on the San Andreas Fault; Sep. 15, 1956, 5159 ft. (1573 m.); Scott D. White, Clear Cr. area, roadside & Hiking Trail, s. side of Angeles Forest Hwy., c. 0.2 miles w. of jct. with Angeles Crest Hwy., July 27, 2004, 3500 ft. (1067 m.); F.W. Peirson, Soledad Cyn., n. base of San Gab. Mts., July 1, 1921, 1450 ft. (442 m.)

FVS: July 1, 1921

SBCo.: Baldy Mesa Ridge, s. of Phelan, FS Road 3N24, n.e. of Nuss Ranch, Nov. 12, 1994, 4681 ft.(1427 m.); Phelan Pk., Baldy Mesa, s. of Phelan, June 1, 1996, 5159 ft. (1573 m.); Lost Lake, Lone Pine Cyn., Oct. 19, 1991, 2781 ft.

(848 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Oct. 19, 1991

Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt. var. canescens, Shad-scale, Fourwing Saltbush

(synonym: A. canescens ssp. canescens)

LACo.: From 2500 ft. (762 m.), at Ravenna, Soledad Cyn., n. slope of San Gab. Mts., R.F. Thorne, & C. W. Tilforth, June 17, 1971, to 5596 ft. (1706 m.), at 6 mi. west of Jackson Lake on Big Pines-Valyermo Rd., Nov. 7, 1949, Grant D. Brown; May-Nov.; uncommon; transmontane

FVS: June 15, 1986, David Charlton, Lightning (=Blue?) Ridge at jct. of FS Rd. 3N06 & Angeles Crest Hwy., c. 4 miles n.w. of co. line and 5 miles n.w. of Wrightwood, 7400 ft. (2256 m.)

SBCo.: Lower Lytle Cr. Divide, cyn., 0.4 mi. n.e. of jct. with Lytle Cr. Road, on FS Road 2N79, due s. of ponds at Fish Hatchery, June 17, 1995, 2801 ft.

(854 m.); Controversy Springs at head of Cajon Cyn., s.e. of Mt. Top Jct., 0.5 mi. s. of Hwy. 138 on FS Road 3N37, Oct. 8, 1993, 4599 ft. (1402 m.); Baldy Mesa, Phelan Pk., south of Phelan, Apr. 13, 1996, 5176 ft. (1578 m.)

Other records: L.C. Wheeler, Controversy Spring, w. side of Cajon Cyn., Sep. 7, 1968, 4500 ft. (1371 m.)

FVS: Sep. 7, 1968

Atriplex confertifolia (Torr. & Frem.) S. Watson, Shadscale Saltbush

May intergrade with A. canescens.

LACo.: Carr Cyn., 0.3 miles s.e. of Mt. Emma Rd. crossing, May 5, 2009,

3119 ft. (951 m.)

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta, Carr Cyn., near mouth of cyn., June 1, 1995, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

FVS: June 1, 1995

SBCo.: No records found.

Atriplex covillei (Standl.) J.F. Macbr., Coville’s Orach

[synonyms: Endolepis covillei Standl. and A. phyllostegia (Torr. ex S. Watson) S. Watson]

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, San Andreas Rift Zone, Mojave Desert Slope, Barrel Springs, July 23, 1967

SBCo.: No records found.

Atriplex lentiformis (Torr.) S. Watson, Big Saltbush

(synonym: A. lentiformis ssp. lentiformis)

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Sand Cyn., head of Placerita Cyn. Hwy., Placerita Cyn., Road, Sep. 21, 1968, 2000 ft. (609 m.)

SBCo.: Cajon Wash, w. of n. terminus of Cajon Rd., c. 50 m. east of Cajon Wash, Oct. 29, 1994, (899 m.)

Other records: None found.

Atriplex polycarpa (Torr.) S. Watson, Allscale Saltbush

LACo.: R. Hoffman, 2 miles w. of Acton, Aug. 31, 1927, no elev. given (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: No records found.

Atriplex rosea L. Tumbling Oracle (Orach in TJM-2012), Saltweed

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 1800 ft. (549 m.), 1.3 miles e. of jct. of Antelope Valley Frwy., with Soledad Cyn. Rd. along latter, near jct. on Bee Cyn. with Santa Clara River, R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, June 17, 1971, to 7600 ft. (2317 m.), near Lodgepole Picnic Ground, 1.5 miles s.e. of Dawson Saddle along Angeles Cr. Hwy., R.F. Thorne & M.Z. Thorne, July 10, 1969; June-Nov.; rare; transmontane, montane, cismontane at San Antonio Cyn.

FVS: Aug. 30, 1923, P.A. Munz, Lone Pine Cr., Cajon Pass, 4999 ft. (1524 m.) and F.W. Peirson at 4851 ft. (1479 m.) at same location and date.

SBCo.: Cajon Wash, w. of Devore Heights off-ramp from I-215, off old Hwy 395, in wash, June 25, 1992, 2200 ft. (671 m.);

Other records:

Grant D. Brown, Jackson Lake, Big Pines-Valyermo Rd., Nov. 7, 1949, 6498 ft. (1981 m.) also R.F. Thorne, Oct. 10, 1967; P.A. Munz, Cajon Pass, (Lone Pine Cr.), Aug 30, 1923, 4995 ft. (1523 m.); L.C. Wheeler ?, Sportsman’s Park, Glenn Ranch, Lytle Cr., Sep. 15, 1967, no elev. given; Frank W. Peirson, Lone Pine Cyn., Clyde Ranch, Aug. 30, 1923, 4848 ft. (1478 m.)

FVS: Aug. 30, 1923

Atriplex semibaccata R. Br., Australian Saltbush

Native to Australia.

LACo.: Justin M. Wood, ANF Rd. (1N36)/SCE access rd., w. of Van Tassel Cyn., above City of Duarte, Nov. 20, 2008, 1000 ft. (305 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., June 26, 1967, 1800 ft. (548 m.)

FVS: June 26, 1967

SBCo.: Cajon Wash, c. 200 yds. n. of n. terminus of Cajon Rd., on e. side of Cajon Wash in disturbed area, Oct. 29, 1994, 2949 ft. (899 m.)

Other records: None found.

Atriplex serenana A. Nelson var. serenana, Stinking Orach, Bractscale

LACo.: Juniper Hills, 0.4 mi. s. of Jct. of Longview Rd. & Tumbleweed Rd., within 100 m. w. of Longview Rd., July 21, 2005, 3990 ft.

Other records: L.C. Wheeler, Berrell Spring, July 23, 1967, no elev. given

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn., Clyde Ranch, Oct. 14, 1967

FVS: Oct. 14, 1967

+Atriplex suberecta I. Verd., Sprawling or Peregrine Saltbush

Native to Australia.

LACo.: Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 400 meters n.e. of San Gabriel River Bike Parth parking lot at Hwy. 39 (San Gabriel Cyn. Road-added 2011) Mar. 16, 2009, 745 ft. (227 m.); Azusa, San Gabriel River mouth, 0.9 mi. n. of Sierra Madre Ave., n. side of main river channel, Dec. 6, 2008, 750 ft. (229 m.);

Other records: None found.

FVS: Dec. 6, 2008

SBCo.: No records found.

Bassia hyssopifolia (Pall.) Kuntze, Fivehorn Smotherweed

Native to Eurasia; occasionally confused with Kockia scoparia

LACo.: R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., Caldwell Lake near Valyermo (Sag Pond on the San Andreas Fault, July 20, 1972, 5150 ft. (1570 m.); L.C. Wheeler, San Gab. Mts., ½ mi. from Barrel Springs, San Andreas Rift Zone, July 23, 1967, no elev. given.; L.C. Wheeler, Sand Cyn., head of Placerita Canyon. Hwy., Placerita Cyn. Road, Sep. 21, 1968, 2001 ft. (610 m.)

FVS: Sep. 21, 1968

SBCo.:

Chenopodium album L., Pigweed, Lambsquarters

[synonyms: C. album var. album and C. album var. candicans Mag. (excluded) and C. album var. centrorubrum Makino (excluded) and C. album var. microphyllum Boenn. and C. album var. missouriense (Aellen) I.J. Bassett & C.W. Crompton and C. album L var. stevensii Aellen]

(probably with several distinct varieties, resembles Chenopodium berlandieri, C. missouriense and C. strictum)

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 1100 ft. (335 m.), at Fish Cyn., R.F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, May 22, 1971, to 7600 ft. (2317 m.), near Lodgepole Picnic Ground, 1.5 miles s.e. of Dawson Saddle, along Angeles Crest Hwy., R.F. Thorne, July 10, 1969; May-Oct.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: Sep. 8, 1968, L.C. Wheeler(?), Brook Ranch, 3800 ft. (1159 m.)

SBCo.: From 2001 ft. (610 m.), at Glen Helen Regional Park, marsh to w. of fishing lakes, R.G. Swinney, Nov. 7, 2008, to 7800 ft. (2378 m.) at Mt. Baldy Notch, R.F. Thorne & Selwyn Everist, July 31, 1971; Apr., June-Aug., Nov.; uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June 5, 1971, R.F. Thorne, San Sevaine Rd. on s. slope of Grapevine Cyn., 2896, ft. (883 m.)

Chenopodium atrovirens Rydb., Pinyon Goosefoot

(synonym: C. incognitum Wahl p.p.)

+/- like C. pratericola Rydb.

LACo.: Sharon Dougherty, Kratka Ridge, Sep. 7, 2001, 7000 ft. (2134 m.); R.F. Thorne & John Olmstead, along Blue Ridge, near upper end of Holiday Hill Ski Lift, Aug. 26, 1965, 8100 ft. (2470 m.); F.R. Fosberg & J. Ewan, along trail near Big Rock-Bear Cr. Divide, June 12, 1931, no elev. given

FVS: June 12, 1931

SBCo.: Peter Fritsch & T.S. Ross, cyn. n. to n.e. of Baldy Notch, July 12, 1990, 6424-7400 ft. (1959-2256 m.); L.C. Wheeler, mouth of Shade Canyon, N. Fork Lytle Cr., Sep. 7, 1967, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, Blue Ridge, near LA/SB Co. line, Aug. 31, 1923, no elev. given

FVS: Aug. 31, 1923

Chenopodium berlandieri Moq., Pitseed Goosefoot

Generally confused with C. album.

LACo.: From 741 ft. (226 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel River Cyn., 0.7 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave. on n. side of Hwy. 39, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 12, 2009, to 7380 ft. (2250 m.), at Blue Ridge, in dry lake, 0.4 miles e. of jct. of Hwy. 2 & FS Road 3N06/Blue Ridge Rd., R.G. Swinney, Sep. 4, 2008; May-Nov.; uncommon; all 3 sections

locations by Swinney include:

upper n.e. Fork of Cow Cyn., n. of Cow Cyn. Road, c. 0.7 miles n.w. of Cow Cyn. Saddle; Juniper Hills, 0.4 miles s. of jct. of Longview Rd. & Tumbleweed Rd; Big Rock Cr., at Pardise Springs (Big Rock Cr. Camp), Robert’s Cyn., 0.4-0.7 miles n. of confl. with San Gabriel Cyn.; Sulphur Spring Cmpgrd. area; S. Fork Big Rock Cr.; n. of Glendora, mouth of Pine Cyn., east trib. of Big Dalton Cyn.

FVS: Aug. 7, 1937, Henry J. Ramsey & Mrs. Henry J. Ramsey, Sand Cyn., San Gab. Mts., no elev. given (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: From 2750 ft. (838 m.), at Lost Lake, San Andreas Fault, R.F. Thorne & J. Dourley, Oct. 10, 1967, to 6038 ft. (1841 m.), at Wrightwood, Wright Lake, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 12, 1996; June- Oct.; uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Sep. 7, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, mouth of Shade (Slade Cyn.-added 2009), N. Fork Lytle Creek, Sep. 7, 1967, no elev. given

Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. var. sinuatum (Murr) Wahl, Pitseed Gooseberry

LACo.: Henry J. Ramsey, Mrs. Henry J. Ramsey, Altadena, Aug. 29, 1937, no elev. given (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary

SBCo.: No records found.

Chenopodium berlandieri Moq. var. zschackii (Murr.) Murr. ex Asch., Zschack’s Goosefoot

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: c. 0.6 miles s.w. of jct. of Swarthout Cyn. Road & Cajon Rd., Aug. 12, 1996, 2640 ft. (805 m.)

Other records: None found

Chenopodium californicum (S. Watson) S. Watson, California Goosefoot

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1040 ft. (317 m.), at Glendora, 200 meters n. of Sierra Madre Ave. on e. side of Big Dalton Channel, e. of Glendora Mt. Rd., R.G. Swinney, May 11, 1989, to 4736 ft. (1444 m.), off Big Pines Hwy. (Rd. N), near Shoemaker Cyn., Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et al., May 6, 2005; Mar.-May; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: Marcus E. Jones, San Gab. Mts. Region, Cajon Pass, May 16, 1903,

3802 ft. (1159 m.)

SBCo.: From 2040 ft. (622 m.), at mouth of Lytle Cr. Cyn., cyn. behind (150 meters n.w. of), Sycamore Ranger Station, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 23, 1993, to

4999 ft. (1524 m.), at Pinon Hills, w. of Green Rd. & n. of Oak Spring Ranch, R.G. Swinney, June 20, 1996; Feb.-June; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: May 16, 1903, Marcus E. Jones, San Gab. Mts. Region, Cajon Pass,

3802 ft. (1159 m.)

Chenopodium desiccatum A. Nelson, Aridland Goosefoot

LACo.: SDEF, head of Dry Lake Cyn. (w. tributary of San Antonio Cyn.) at “Dry Lake”, site of CCC Camp in 1930’s, Aug. 7, 1996, 4999 ft. (1524 m.); Sulphur Spring Cmpgrd., area on S. Fork Littlerock Cr., July 22, 2009; 5199 ft. (1585 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Devil’s Cyn., July 22, 1968, 4700 ft. (1433 m.); Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, So. California Edison transmission line corridor (Seg. 6, structure 105 per TRTP Survey 2008) Upper Fish Cyn., May 19, 2008, 3234 ft. (986 m.); Tim Ross, Orlando Mistretta, et al., n.e. Tie Summit Station (e. of Angeles Forest Hwy.), July 10, 1990, 5438 ft. (1658 m.); Tim Ross, Colby Cyn., Condor Pk. Quad., Aug. 16, 1991, 3487 ft. (1063 m.); Tim Ross, cyn. 1/5 mi. due e. confl. of Lucas Cr. (Angeles Forest Hwy.), Big Tujunga Cyn., Aug. 16, 1991, 3008 ft. (917 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Big Tujunga at Colby Ranch Road, Oct. 1, 1966, 3200 ft. (975 m.)

FVS: Oct. 1, 1966

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Glen Helen Park, Cajon Cyn., Oct. 12, 1969, no elev. given

Chenopodium fremontii S. Watson, Fremont’s Goosefoot

+/- like C. incanum (not recorded for the San Gab.Mts.)

LACo.: From 3283-3286 ft. (1001-1002 m.), at So. Calif. Edison transmission line corridor (Seg. 6, structure 106 & 109 per TRTP Survey 2008) Upper Fish Cyn., Orlando Mistretta & Christine Mistretta, May 16, 2008, to 8500 ft. (2591 m.), at Blue Ridge, F.W. Peirson, Aug. 31, 1923; June-Oct.; uncommon; transmontane, montane

FVS: Sep. 1904, Geo. R. Hall, Swartout Cyn., 6996 ft. (2133 m.)

SBCo.: From 5399 ft. (1646 m.), at Pinon Hills, c. 0.25-0.5 miles s. of Oak Springs Ranch in Oak Springs Cyn., R.G. Swinney, July 6, 1995, to 8561 ft. (2610 m.), at Ontario Pk., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 14, 1995; June-Oct.; Uncommon

FVS: July 30, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Kelly’s Cabin, San Antonio Mts., Ontario Pk., 8197 ft. (2499 m.)

Chenopodium hians Standl., Hians Goosefoot

(synonym: C. incognitum Wahl)

+/- like C. atrovirens, C. desiccatum, C. leptophyllum.

LACo.: Cedar Cyn., cyn. bottom, 0.75 miles n.w. of Big Pines Hwy., at a point 0.5 miles w. of jct. of Hwy. 2, July 5, 1999, 6120 ft. (1866 m.); dry lake, s.w. of Wrightwood, Blue Ridge, 0.4 miles e. of Hwy. 2 on 3N06, Sep. 4, 1998, 7350 ft. (2241 m.)

Other records:

Valerie L. Soza & LeRoy Gross, Kratka Ridge, upper Little Rock Cr.-Williamson Rock Climbing area, Sep. 14, 1999, 6600 ft. (2012 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Yerba Buena Trail, Tujunga Ranger Distr., Sep. 4, 1992, 4700 ft. (1432 m.); Peter Kamb, Big Tujunga Cyn., (below Trail Cyn. on old rd., July 13, 1948, 1797 ft.

(548 m.)

FVS: July 13, 1948

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, divide n. of Prairie Fk., just about on co. line, but apparently in S.B. County, Aug. 29, 1946, 8130 ft. (2479 m.); I.M. Johnston, Pine Mt., Aug. 12, 1917, 7997 ft. (2438 m.)

FVS: Aug. 12, 1917

Chenopodium leptophyllum (Moq.) Nutt. ex S. Watson, Narrowleaf Goosefoot

+/- like C. hians.

LACo.: 0.8 miles s.e. of jct. of Pine Mt. Ridge & Fish Fk. Trail, July 21, 1998,

7400 ft. (2256 m.)

Other records:

H.A. Wahl, 1 mile w. of Big Pines, Aug. 26, 1966, 6996 ft. (2133 m.); Sharon Doughtery, Kratka Ridge, Sep. 18, 1997, 6799 ft. (2073 m.); L.C. Wheeler, 0.2 mi. inside mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., Nov. 9, 1968, 760 ft. (232 m.); L.C.

Wheeler, n. of Prairie Fk., 1/4 mile s.e. of Blue Ridge Lookout, Aug. 29, 1946, 8400 ft. (2560 m.)

FVS: Aug. 29, 1946

SBCo.: No records found.

Chenopodium missouriense Aellen, Missouri Lambsquarter

[synonym: C. album L. var. missouriense (Aellen) I.J. Bassett & C.W. Crompton] (similar to C. album L.)

Native to c. & e. US.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Altadena, Oct. 28, 1973, no elev. given (possibly south of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

SBCo.: No records found.

Chenopodium muriale L., Nettleleaf Goosefoot

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 604 ft. (184 m.), at San Gabriel River under the Puente Largo Railway Bridge, 0.5 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. on e. side of El Encanto Park in Duarte, R.G. Swinney Apr. 13, 2009, to 6101 ft. (1860 m.), at Hawthorne Youth Camp, c. 6 miles w. of Wrightwood, just n. of Big Pines Hwy., near Jackson Lake (wrong label coordinates), Scott D. White & B. Leatherman, July 25, 2001; Mar.-Aug.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: May 15, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, Elsmere Cyn., bottom of cyn. near mouth, 1424 ft. (434 m.)

SBCo.: Glen Helen Regional Park, marsh to the w. of fishing lakes, Nov. 7, 2008, 2001 ft. (610 m.)

Other records: None found.

Chenopodium pratericola Rydb., Meadow Goosefoot

ssp. needed to determine new taxa. +/- like C. atrovirens.

LACo.: From 1400 ft. (427 m.), at Big Tujunga Cyn., R.F. Thorne & J. Dourely, June 26, 1971, to 7500 ft. (2287 m.), at CA Hwy. 2 between Dawson Saddle and jct. of CA Hwy. 39, 1.8 mi. from Dawson Saddle, Wayne E. Sawyer, July 3, 1981 and n.w. of Wrightwood, e. end of Jackson Flat, R.G. Swinney, Sep. 4, 1998; June-Oct.; rare; montane, cismontane

FVS: Aug. 26, 1966, R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, 15 miles w. Big Pines

SBCo.: 1.6 miles w. of San Sevaine Well on San Sevaine Rd., July 21, 1993, 6000 ft. (1829 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, G. Benny, et al., Day Cyn., July 23, 1971, 3000 ft. (915 m.); R.F. Thorne, C. W. Tilforth, et al., mouth of Day Cyn., July 7, 1971, 2900 ft. (884 m.)

FVS: July 7, 1971

Chenopodium rubrum L., Red Pigweed, Goosefoot

LACo.: R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth, et al., Caldwell Lake (Sag pond on San Andreas Fault), July 20, 1972, 5150 ft. (1570 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Barrel Springs, Sep 17, 1967, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Caldwell Lake, Aug. 28, 1946,

5150 ft. (1570 m.)

FVS: Aug. 28, 1946

SBCo.: No records found.

Chenopodium strictum Roth var. glaucophyllum (Aellen) Wahl., Lateflowering Goosefoot

[synonym: C. album L. var. striatum (Krasan) ? ined.]

Native to e. US.

LACo.: Vincent Gap, off trail c. 350 meters s.e. of parking area at spring near cyn. bottom, Sep. 4, 1998, 6521 ft. (1988 m.)

Other records:

Sharon Dougherty, Kratka Ridge, Sep. 7 & 18, 1997, 6799 ft. (2073 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Brook Ranch, Sep. 8, 1968, 3800 ft. (1159 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Henniger Flats, Sep. 3, 1970, 2601 ft. (793 m.)

FVS: Sep. 3, 1970

SBCo.: No records found.

Chenopodium watsonii A. Nelson, Watson’s Goosefoot

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Big Tujunga at Colby Ranch Rd., Oct. 1, 1966, 3200 ft. (975 m.) no elev. given.; L.C. Wheeler, Millies Orchard, lower Colby Ranch, Coldwater Cyn., Oct. 1, 1966, 3300 ft. (1006 m.)

FVS: Oct. 1, 1966

SBCo.: No records found.

Cycloloma atriplicifolium (Spreng.) J.M. Coult., Winged Pigweed

Native to c. N. America.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, 2 miles n. of Claremont, July 13 & 18, 1932, 1351 ft.

(412 m.) (from Citrus Grove)

SBCo.: No records found.

Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin and Clemants, Mexican Tea

(synonym: Chenopodium ambrosioides L.)

Native to tropical America.

LACo.: From 1063 ft. (324 m.), e. of Hansen Dam, entered at Orcas Ave., parked at Orcas Park, hiked e. of this park along river (just n. of Wentworth St.) but no as far as Tujunga Ponds, LeRoy Gross & Wayne Low, Aug. 8, 2000, to 6599 ft. (2012 m.), at E. Fork Rd. crossing over N. Fork of San Gabriel River, Islip Saddle, T.B. Salvato & Sarah Flack, Aug. 8, 2007; July Aug.; uncommon; montane, cismontane

FVS: Oct. 16, 1918, F.W. Peirson, Pacoima Cyn., 1699 ft. (518 m.)

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr., Miller Narrow’s July 13, 1967

Dysphania botrys (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants, Jerusalem Oak, Goosefoot

(synonym: Chenopodium botrys L.)

Native to Europe and Asia.

LACo.: From 800 ft. (244 m.), at San Gabriel River Cyn., n. of Azusa, parallel to Hwy. 39, cyn. bottom & adj. slopes along unnamed dirt access rd. to gauging station below Morris Dam, Scott D. White, May 21, 1997, to 6760 ft. (2061 m.), at Big Pines Meadow, w. of Wrightwood, s.w. jct of Hwy 2, Table Mt. Road & Big Pines Rd., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 25, 2009; May-Dec.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: July 4, 1936, L.C. Wheeler, 1 mile n.e. of Glendora, 1000 ft. (304 m.)

SBCo.: S.D. White & Michael Honer, wash, riparian zone & slopes along San Antonio Cr., between Mt. Baldy (town) & Icehouse Cyn., June 29, 2004, 4198 ft. (1280 m.); T.B. Salvato & A.C. Sanders, Cajon Wash at Glen Helen Pkwy., s. of Cajon Blvd., at Devore, May 23, 2006, 2020 ft. (616 m.); Adrian Wolf, alluvial slope s. of mts., north of Hwy. 30 & just e. of Day Cr., Etiwanda Wash, May 9, 1997, (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 9, 1997

Dysphania multifida (L.) Mosyakin & Clements, Cutleaf Goosefoot

(synonym: Chenopodium multifida L.)

Native to S. America.

LACo.: Louis C. Wheeler, ridge on s. side of Millard Cyn., Apr. 13, 1947,

2099 ft. (640 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Dysphania pumilio (R. Br.) Mosyakin & Clemants, Clammy Goosefoot

(synonym: Chenopodium pumilio R. Br.)

Native to Australia.

LACo.: From 636 ft. (194 m.), San Gabriel River wash, Azusa/Duarte border, 0.5 miles n. of Puente Largo Railway Bridge, R.G. Swinney, June 27, 2009 to 4100 ft. (249 m.), at ridge ½ mile WNW Pine Mt., L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 19, 1967; Apr.-Dec.; rare; cismontane

FVS: June 8, 1936, L.C. Wheeler, mouth of Bell Cyn., 2000 ft. (609 m.)

SBCo.: Glen Helen Regional Park, marsh to the w. of fishing lakes, Nov. 7, 2008, 2001 ft. (610 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. Ranger Station, gravelly flat adjacent to irrigated land, Sep. 15, 1967, no elev. given

FVS: Sep. 15, 1967

Grayia spinosa (Hook.) Moq., Spiny Hopsage

LACo.: From 2998 ft. (914 m.), at Little Rock Foothills, M.N. Ackley, May 8, 1927, to 4800 ft. (1463 m.), at Little Rock Cr., Orlando Mistretta, Alimony Ridge, Juniper Hills, May 4, 1992; Apr., May; uncommon; transmontane

FVS: May 13, 1917, F.W. Peirson, near village of Little Rock, n. side of San Gab. Mts.,

SBCo.: N.C. Cooper, San Bernardino Mts., Cajon Pass, Apr. 16, 1949, no elev. given (could be e. of the San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Krascheninnikovia lanata (Pursh) A.Meeuse & Smit, Winterfat

LACo.: From 1197 ft. (365 m.), at Little Dalton Cyn.(n. of Glendora-added 2010), W. Bertsch, Apr. 6, 1954, to 4736 ft. (1444 m.), at Bob’s Gap, on slopes and roadside, and down in the wash, Sula Vanderplank, LeRoy Gross, et al., May 6, 2005; Mar.-June; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane at Little Dalton Cyn.

Other records:

7 records from the Little Rock Cr. area; 5 records from Bob’s Gap/Holcomb Ridge area; 2 records from the Big Rock Cr. area; K.A. Wilson, Pearblossom, Valyermo Rd., 2 miles s.e. of 131st. St. E, May 12, 1962, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, R. Carolin, et al., Grandview Cyn., Mar. 23, 1967, 4500 ft. (1372 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Carr Cyn., May 2, 1995, 3400 ft. (1037 m.)

FVS: May 6, 1948, P. Kamb, above Little Rock (desert foothills), 2998 ft.

(914 m.)

SBCo.: Pinon Hills area, Sheep Cr., 0.8 miles s. of Hwy. 138 on Scrub Oak Rd., 80-200 meters w. of rd., May 29, 1995, 4540 ft. (1384 m.)

Other records:

Stephanie Rose, Hwy. 138, 1 mile e. of Pinyon Hills, May 5, 1978,

4002 ft. (1220 m.) (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 5, 1978

Salsola gobicola Lljin, Barbwire Russian Thistle (Current common name uncertain)

[synonyms: S. paulsenii misappl., in part and S. tragus misappl., in part]

Apparently hybridizes with S. tragus and S. paulsenii. Apparently native to Eurasia.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Mescal Cr., just about (s. of) Appletree Flat, Aug. 28, 1946, 6180 ft. (1884 m.), L.C. Wheeler, n. of Prairie Fk., 1/4 mile s.e. of Blue Ridge Lookout, Aug. 29, 1946, 8400 ft. (2561 m.); Roger Minahan, Valyermo, near Big Rock Cr., June 1934, no elev. given

FVS: June, 1934

SBCo.: upper Lytle Cr., 1.6 miles n. of the jct. of FS Roads 3N06 & 3N33, c. 400 meters w. of cmpgrd., June 24, 1993, 5960 ft. (1817 m.)

Other records: None found.

Salsola paulsenii Litv., Barbwire Russian Thistle

Hybridizes with S. tragus. Native to s.e. Europe & c. Asia.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne & J. Dourley, Lone Pine Valley, Oct. 10, 1967, no elev. given

Salsola tragus L., Tumbleweed, Russian Thistle

[synonyms: Salsola australis R. Br. and S. iberica (Sennen & Pau) Botsch ex Czerep.; S. kali L. ruthenica (Iljin) Soo; S. kali L. ssp. tragus (L.) Celak.; S. pestifer A. Nelson]

Extremely variable. Hybridizes with S. paulsenii. Native to Eurasia.

LACo.: From 751 ft. (229 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., w. of Roberts Cyn. on n. side of San Gabriel River channel, R.G. Swinney, Dec. 6, 2008, to 7500 ft. (2287 m.), at CA Hwy. 2 between Dawson Saddle and jct. of CA Hwy. 39, 1.8 mile from Dawson Saddle, Wayne E. Sawyer, July 31, 1981 and at Table Mt. West, n. of Big Pines, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 8, 2008; Feb., June-Dec.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: Feb. 25, 1981, Daniel Curran, San Dimas Cyn. Road, 0.3 miles s. of San Dimas Dam

SBCo.: P.H. Raven, Cajon Pass, just below Cajon Cmpgrd., Sep. 17, 1961, 2647 ft. (807 m.); Mabel Esmond, Camp Baldy, June, 1928, no elev. given

FVS: June, 1928

Suaeda nigra (Raf.) J.F. Macbr., Bush Seepweed, Mojave Seabite

[synonym: Suaeda moquinii (Torr.) Greene]

LACo.: s. of Littlerock (added-2012), Carr Cyn., 0.3 miles s.e. of Mt. Emma Rd. Crossing, May 5, 2009, 3119 ft. (951 m.)

Other records:

record in n. Claremont from irrigated citrus grove.

SBCo.: No records found.


Cistaceae Rock-Rose Family

+Cistus incanus L., Hairy Rockrose

[synonyms: C. villosus L. and C. creticus (L.) Heywood and C. incanus L. ssp. incanus]

Native to s. Europe.

LACo.: From 1825 ft. (556 m.) at Glendora, on ridge at 0.3 miles n. of terminus of Rainbow Drive, w. and adj. to W. “Bender Cyn.” (local use only), R.G.Swinney, Apr. 23, 2005, to 5189 ft. (1582 m.), at Mill Cr. Summit, Heliport kust s.e. of ranger station on Pacifico Mt. Rd., (3N17.4), Justin M. Wood, June 1, 2009; Mar.-Aug.; rare; transmontane/montane at Mill Cr. Ranger Station, cismontane

FVS: Mar. 24, 1971, Arthur C. Gibson, rd. into Cobal Cyn., n.e. of Claremont, 2398 ft. (731 m.)

SBCo.: W. Mouw, Lytle Creek Cyn., along roadside in rocky cyn., c. 10 ft. behind first Smoky the Bear Sign, Apr. 18, 1964, 2499 ft. (762 m.)

+Cistus ladanifer L., Common Gum Cistus

Native to s.w. Europe.

LACo.: From 1679 ft. (512 m.), at Claremont, Palmer Cyn., c. 100 meters e. of Cobal Cyn., R.G. Swinney Apr. 8, 1999, to 5189 ft. (1582 m.), Mill Cr. Summit, Heliport just s.e. of ranger station on Pacifico Mt. Road (3N17.4), June 1, 2009; Mar.-Aug.; uncommon; near transmontane at Mill Cr. Summit, montane, cismontantne

Other records:

R.G. Swinney, Claremont, Palmer, Cyn., c. 100 meters e. of Cobal Cyn., Apr. 8, 1999, 1679 ft. (512 m.) (perhaps same population as that det. as Cistus incanus by Arthur C. Gibson, Mar. 24, 1971); W.M. Gaunt, Glendora Mt. Ridge Rd., 0.5 miles s. of & ? (unreadable), to Mt. Baldy, Apr. 30, 1966, 3000 ft. (915 m.) (also det. as Cistus creticus); Andelina Munoz, Big Santa Anita Cyn., along water trail to fire rd., Apr. 16, 1988, 2001 ft. (610 m.) (also det. as Cistus incanus); Jack Delaini, a few plants scattered along s. side of Johnstone Pk. Rd., at head of cyn., May 9, 1974, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, Chantry Flats, along trail to Santa Anita Cyn., Apr. 23, 1971, 2000 ft. (610 m.); Lori Ackerman & Geral Braden, n. end of W. Fork River, Apr. 22, 1988, no elev. given (also det. as Cistus creticus)

FVS: Mar. 30, 1961, Bland Ewing, Brown Mt. Fire Control Rd., El Prieto Cyn., Altadena, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Cistus laurifolius L., Laurel Rockrose

Native to n. Africa.

LACo.: A.M. Beck, San Gab. Mts., Angeles Crest Hwy., June 3, 1970, 3100 ft. (945 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Cistus salvifolius L., Salvia Cistus

(synonym: C. salvifolius orth. var.)

Native to s. Europe.

LACo.: Orlando Mistretta, Duncan Bell, et al., n. edge of the San Gab. Mts., Soledad Cyn., substation in the vic. of Vincent., May 2, 2008, no elev. given; T.S. Ross & Walter Appleby, southerly daw c. 515 meters SSW of May Cyn. Saddle draining to Wilson Cyn., Apr. 15, 1993, 3316 ft. (1011 m.)

FVS: Apr. 15, 1993

SBCo.: No records found.

+Helianthemum scoparium Nutt., Bisbee Peak Rushrose

(synonym: H. suffrutescens B. Schreib.)

LACo.: From 1160 ft. (354 m.), at Glendora, n. terminus of Glencoe Heights Rd., R.G. Swinney, July 14, 1989, to 2499 ft. (762 m.), above Santa Anita Cyn., Valerie Soza & LeRoy Gross, c. 0.7 miles w. of Santa Anita Dam, May 14, 2001; Apr.-July; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: May 24, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Fulkerson’s Ranch, Claremont, 2398 ft. (731 m.)

SBCo.: From 2000 ft. (610 m.), at 2 miles n.w. of Lytle Cr. Road on dirt frontage rd., Dunn Cyn. Road & Lytle Creek jct., R.G. Swinney, June 18, 1993 and mouth of Day Cyn., at n. end of Etiwanda Ave., John Wear & Nathon Moorhatch, May 12, 1994 to 4600 ft. (1402 m.), at Stoddard Pk., s. of Barrett Village & w. of Stoddard Flat, R.G. Swinney, June 15, 1996; Apr.-Aug., Oct., Nov.; uncommon; Cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June 1-3, 1900, H.M. Hall, Lytle Creek Cyn., 2496 ft. (761 m.)


Cleomaceae Spiderflower Family

(Capparaceae - Caper Family)

Peritoma arborea (Nutt.) H.H. Iltis, Bladderpod, Spiderflower

[synonyms: Cleome isomeris Greene and Isomeris arborea Nutt.] Vars. +/- distinct.

LACo.: Duarte, due w. of Fish Cyn. mouth, s. spur of s.w. end of Van Tassel Ridge, several in area recently cleared of brush along the upper Fish Cyn. Tr., Feb. 22, 1997, 1899 ft. (579 m.); Glendora, 2.5 mi. n.w. of Big Dalton Cyn. Rd. at Glendora Mt. Rd., c. 100 m. below (s.) of rd., 1 plant in small area burned in 1993, perhaps hydro-seeded, Mar. 19, 1994, 1800 ft. (548 m.)

Other records:

Kelly & David Middleton, Glendora Ridge Rd., 8.4 mi. n. of Glendora, May 23, 1988, 3500 ft. (1066 m.); J.C. Roos, n. base of San Gabriel Mts., Big Rock Spring, May 31, 1947, no elev. given

FVS: May 31, 1947

SBCo.: No records found.

Peritoma serrulata (Pursh) DC, Rocky Mountain Beeplant

(synonym: Cleome serrulata Pursh)

Native to Great Plalins, etc. perhaps only a waif in CA.

LACo.: Rimo Bacigalupi & Leroy Custer, mouth of Holcomb Cyn., Aug. 9, 1952, 3897 ft. (1188 m.); P.A. Munz, 1 mile n. of Claremont, Apr. 20, 1924, 1397 ft. (426 m.) (possibly just s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Apr. 20, 1924

SBCo.: No records found.

Cleomella obtusifolia Torr. & Frem., Mojave Stinkweed or Cleomella

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: E.M. Hoak, Cajon Camp, Oct. 12, 1930, 2896 ft. (883 m.)


Convolvulaceae Morning Glory Family

(Cuscutaceae – Dodder Family)

Calystegia longipes (S. Watson) Brummitt, Paiute False Bindweed

Intergrades with C. peirsonii in LA County.

LACo.: Henry J. Ramsey & Mrs. Henry J. Ramsey, Sand Cyn., n. of Pacoima Reservoir, June 27, 1937, no elev. given; T.S. Ross, Moody Cyn. (aka. “The Toilet Bowl of Death”); draining northward from Messenger Flats and Mt. Gleason, June 1, 1990, 3800 ft. (1158-1341 m.); LeRoy Gross, F.S. Road Survey, Santa Clara Divide, along rd. (3N17.6) from N. Fork Saddle Station east to near 34.37875, 118.23062, June 19, 2006, no elev. given; Orlando Mistretta, Mt. Gleason Management Unit, Mt. Gleason, Tujunga Ranger District, Aug. 20, 1992, no elev. given; A.D.E. Elmer, Acton, July 1902, no elev. given

FVS: July, 1902

SBCo.: No records found.

+Calystegia macrostegia (Greene) Brummitt ssp. arida (Greene) Brummitt, Island False Bindweed

Intergrades with C. macrostegia ssp. intermedia and C. occidentalis ssp. fulcrata and probably with C. peirsonii.

(See publication http://tchester. org/plants/analysis/calystegia/macrostegia.html - ssp. “intermedia” & ssp. “tenuifolia” of Calystegia macrostegia, are not distinct from ssp. arida as originally defined.) [those two ssp. will be referred to as C. macrostegia ssp. arida in this publication - they are perhaps environmentally (climatically) induced]. (It will be assumed that in our area, the nominate ssp. has not been det. to the ssp. level and will be included here)

Most common after fires.

LACo.: From 745 ft. (227 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel River Cyn., 400 meters n.e. of River Bike Path parking lot, at Hwy. 39, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 16, 2009, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at E. Table Mt. summit, Wrightwood area, July 2, 1998; Mar.-July, Dec.; common; cismontane

FVS: June 28, 1918, F.W. Peirson, foothills e. of Rubio Cyn., 1899 ft. (579 m.)

SBCo.: From 2401 ft. (732 m.), at c. 12 air miles n.w. of SB. in lower Lytle Cr. Wash, c. 2.4 miles n. of I-15 Frwy, J. Henrickson, May 1, 1985, to 5058 ft.

(1542 m.), at Cherry Cyn., “Flats” (“dry lake”), at s.w. base of Sugarloaf Pk., R.G. Swinney, June 18, 1996; Jan., Apr.-July: fairly common; cismontane

FVS: Apr. 16, 1971, Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., no elev. given

+Calystegia occidentalis (A. Gray) Brummitt ssp. fulcrata (A. Gray) Brummitt, Chaparral False Bindweed

Intergrades with C. macrostegia ssp. arida and C. occidentalis ssp. occidentalis

LACo.: From 2200 ft. (670 m.), at San Dimas Cyn., L.C. Wheeler & C.W. Tilforth, June 24, 1936, to 8300 ft. (2530 m.), at Blue Ridge just w. of Guffy Camp, on ridegtop and slopes above FS Road 3N06, Valerie Soza & Naomi Fraga, June 13, 2003; May-Aug., Oct.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: June 22, 1892, C.E. Hutchinson, San Gabriel Cyn., Coldwater Cyn.,?,

4497 ft. (1371 m.)

SBCo.: From 2401 ft. (732 m.), 12 air miles n.w. of San Bernardino in lower Lytle Cr. Wash, c. 2-4 miles n. of I-15 Frwy., James Henrickson, May 10, 1985, to

5599 ft. (1707 m.), at Bear Flat, n. of Baldy Village, R.G. Swinney, July 12, 1995; May-July; fairly common; montane, cismontane

FVS: May 10, 1985

Calystegia occidentalis (A. Gray) Brummitt, ssp. occidentalis, Chaparral False Bindweed

LACo.: Ruth B. Randall, Rec. Grounds, Big Pines, July 9, 1931, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

+Calystegia peirsonii, (Abrams) Brummitt, Peirsons False Bindweed

Intergrades with C. longipes (coastal mainland) and C. macrostegia and C. occidentalis ssp. occidentalis.

Status: CNPS List: 4 R-E-D Code: 1-1-3 State/Fed. /C2

CRPR 4.2 S3.2 G3

LACo.: From 3210-3230 ft. (978-984 m.), 500 meters NNW of May Cyn. Saddle, T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd., June 30, 1997, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at Lightning [=Blue?] Ridge at the jct. of FS Road 3N06 & Angeles Crest Hwy., c. 4 miles n.w. of the co. line & 5 miles n.w. of Wrightwood, David Charlton, June 16, 1986; Apr.-June; rare; transmontane

FVS: May 25, 1923, P.A. Munz, Big Rock Cr., 4200 ft. (1280 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Convolvulus arvensis L., Orchard Morning-glory, Field Bindweed

Native to Europe.

LACo.: Valerie Soza & Kent Hughes, foothills above Glendora, w. of Colby Tr., at end of Loraine Ave., open flat grassland on ridgetop in clay soil, June 4, 1999, 1200 ft. (366 m.); records by L.C. Wheeler are from irrigated groves and will not be noted. E.S. Spalding, Arroyo Seco, Apr. 26, 1925, (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: Apr. 26, 1925

SBCo.: Lone Pine Valley, Clyde Ranch, s. side of Lone Pine Rd., Aug. 23, 1994, 4920 ft. (1500 m.)

Other records: None found.

Cuscuta californica Hook. & Arn., Chaparral Dodder

(synonym: C. californica Hook. & Arn. var. breviflora Engelm.)

LACo.: From 1050 ft. (320 m.), at Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn. Wilderness Park, Big Dalton Cyn. Spreading Grounds (Percolation Basin-added 2011), R.G. Swinney, Aug. 23, 1989, to 8197 ft. (2499 m.), at ridge s. of Swartout Valley, P.A. Munz Aug. 31,1923; Mar.-Oct.; common; all 3 areas Mar.-Oct.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: June 21, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Claremont, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

SBCo.: From 2801 ft. (854 m.), at Cajon Pass, Cajon Wash, c. 1-2 miles s. of Hwy. 138 crossing, Scott D. White, May 1, 1997, to 7997 ft. (2438 m.), at Pine Mt.; I.M. Johnson, Aug. 22, 1917; Feb., Apr., May, July, Aug.; uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Aug. 22, 1917

Cuscuta californica Hook. & Arn. var. californica, California Dodder, Chaparral Dodder

LACo.: From 699 ft (274 m.), at San Gabriel Cyn., across the river, s. of the gauging station, L.C. Wheeler, July 6, 1967, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), at Blue Ridge, R.F. Thorne & J. Dourley, Oct. 10, 1967; May-Oct.; uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: Aug. 9, 1931, L.C. Wheeler, San Antonio Cyn., 3000 ft. (915 m.)

SBCo.: From 2221 ft. (677 m.), at Cajon Wash, w. of Devore Heights offramp, from old Hwy. 395, at base of mt., w. side of wash, w. of RR Tracks, R.G. Swinney & Mike Riggs, Sep. 28, 1991, to 6720 ft. (2049 m.), at Cucamonga Wilderness Trail, c. 0.7 miles n.w. of trailhead at Big Tree Memorial, c. 200 yards s. of trail., host plant is Eriogonum wrightii & Galium sp., R.G. Swinney, Aug. 18, 1994; June-Oct.; uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: Oct. 20, 1952, Benjamin C. Stone, rd. to Mt. San Antonio in San Antonio Cyn., 2998 ft. (914 m.)

Cuscuta campestris Yunck., Field Dodder

(synonym: C. pentagona Engelm., Fiveangled Dodder) (recent work has shown that C. campestris and C. pentagona are distinct spp., and that the latter does not occur in California)

Worldwide.

LACo.: Glendora, Big Dalton Cyn. Debris Basin, June 24, 1989, 1197 ft.

(365 m.)

Other records:

LeRoy Gross & Wayne Law, Big Tujunga Wash, e. of Hansen Dam, entrered at Orcas Ave., parked at Orcas Park, hiked e. of this park along river but not as far as the Tujunga Ponds (just n. of Wentworth St.), Aug. 8, 2000, 1063 ft. (324 m.);

L.C. Wheeler, Devil’s Gate Dam, Pasadena, Oct. 6, 1965, no elev. given

FVS: Oct. 6, 1965

SBCo.: No records found.

Cuscuta denticulata Engelm., Small-tooth Dodder, Desert Dodder

LACo.: Boulder Cyn. Wash, s. of e.-w. road that runs through Big John Flat, wash bottom in ravine, host plants = Artemissia ludoviciana & Scutellaria siphocampyloides (also det. as Cuscutta indecora)

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta, Little Rock Cr., slopes e. of Little Rock Reservoir, May 8, 1992,

3500 ft. (1067 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Little Rock Cr., just n. of guard station along Little Rock Cr., below dam, July, 12, 1995, 3200 ft. (976 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Barrel Springs, San Andreas Rift Zone, July 23, 1967, no elev. given; K. Brandegee, Ravenna, no date, no elev. given (possibly n. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: July 23, 1967

SBCo.: No records found.

Cuscuta indecora Choisy var. indecora , Large-seeded Dodder, Bigseed Alfalfa Dodder

(synonym: C. indecora var. neuropetala (Engelm.) Hitchc.

LACo.: Boulder Cyn. Wash, s. of e.-w. road that runs through Big John Flat, June 21, 1999, 5360 ft. (1634 m.) (also det. as Cuscuta denticulata)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: San Dimas Experimental Forest, introduced weed, SDEF, 1988; L.C. Wheeler, Cajon Cyn., s.e. of Lost Lake, July 17, 1948, 2699 ft. (823 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Glenn Ranch, Lytle Cr. (Sports Park), Sep. 15, 1967, no elev. given;

L.C. Wheeler, Lost Lake, Lone Pine Cyn., Oct. 1, 1933, no elev. given

FVS: Oct. 1, 1933

Cuscuta subinclusa Durand & Hilg., Canyon Dodder

(synonym: Cuscuta ceanothi Behr)

LACo.: Horse Flats, 1 air mile NNW of Newcomb’s Ranch at Hwy. 2 (Angeles Crest Hwy.), host = Artemisia ludoviciana, July 23, 2009, 5642 ft. (1720 m.); Sulphur Spring Cmpgrd., on S. Fork Littlerock Cr., host = Datisca glomerata, July 22, 2009, 5199 ft. (1585 m.)

Other records:

Tim Ross, between Coldwater Cyn. & Wickiup Cyn., (s. side of Big Tujunga Cr.), July 10, 1992, 3178-3198 ft. (969-975 m.); Albert J. Perkens, Santa Anita Cyn., Siera Madre, Oct. 20, 1912, no elev. given, host plant = Malosma laurina; Anstruther Davidson, Millard’s Cyn., Pasadena, Sep., 1890

FVS: Sep., 1890

SBCo.: San Sevaine Mtwy., 8.3 miles n.e. of Skyline & Olive in Rancho Cucamonga, with Mike Riggs, Aug. 18, 1994, 5370 ft. (1637 m.);

Dichondra micrantha Urb., Dichondra, False Pennywort, Kidneyweed, Asian Ponysfoot

Probable origin is neotropics. Easily confused with D. donelliana Tharp. & M.C. Johnst.

LACo.: Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 0.8 miles n. of Foothill Blvd, in main river channel, Dec. 2, 2008, 640 ft. (195 m.)

Other records:

Andrew C. Sanders, Long abandoned gravel pit on boundary between Irwindale & Azusa, e. of Irwindale Ave, s. of 210 Frwy (which bisects pit) and n. of Santa Fe RR, e. of San Gabrfel River, May 26, 2003, 561 ft. (171 m.) (just s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 26, 2003

SBCo.: No records found.


Cornaceae Dogwood Family

Cornus nuttallii Audubon ex Torr. & A. Gray, Mountain or Pacific Dogwood

LACo.: I.M. Johnstone, Cascade Cyn., w. end, Ontario Pk., June 28, 1924, no elev. given

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, San Sevaine Cow Camp, June 13, 1968, 4600 ft.

(1402 m.)

Cornus sericea L. ssp. occidentalis (Torr. & A. Gray) Fosberg, Western Dogwood

LACo.: W. of Wrightwood, c. 0.5 miles s.e. of Big Pine Forest Service Center on Blue Ridge Nature Trail, c. 100 ft. w. of trail in stream botton, June 11, 1994,

7400 ft. (2256 m.); P.A. Munz, head of Swartout Valley, June 18, 1921, 6800 ft. (2073 m.)

Other records:

P.A. Munz, head of Swartout Valley, June 18, 1921, 6800 ft. (2073 m.)

FVS: June 18, 1921

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, San Sevaine Cow Camp, June 13, 1968, 4600 ft.

(1402 m.)

Cornus sericea L. ssp. sericea, American Dogwood, Redosier Dogwood

LACo.: From 5196 ft. (1584 m.), at woods along Praire Fk., Robert F. Thorne & John Olmsted, Aug. 26, 1965, to 7400 ft. (2256 m.), w. of Wrightwood, Blue Ridge Trail, c. 1.2 miles s.e. of Hwy. 2 in a small canyon trib. to Sawmill Cyn., R.G. Swinney, June 25, 1997; June-Aug.; rare; montane.

FVS: June, 1899, H.M. Hall, San Antonio Mts., Mescal Cr.

SBCo.: F.W. Peirson, 1.5 miles e. of Big Pines, Swarthout Valley, July 5, 1922, 6500 ft. (1982 m.); H.M. Hall, desert side of San Antonio Mts., June 12, 1899, 6498 ft. (1981 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary) (possibly the same H.M. Hall listed for LACo. above)

FVS: June 12, 1899


Crassulaceae Stonecrop Family

Crassula colligata Toelken ssp. lamprosperma Toelken, (no common name found)

Native to s. Australia.

LACo.: Steve Boyd, vicinity of Irwindale, e. of the San Gabriel River, & w. of gravel pits, just n. of Foothill Blvd., c. 600 m. w. of Irwindale Ave., Jan. 17, 2003, 581 ft. (177 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Crassula connata (Ruiz & Pav.) A. Berger, Sand Pygmy-weed

No subtaxa recog. by TJM-2012. Three will be listed below and indented.

LACo.: From 581 ft. (177 m.), at vic. of Irwindale, e. of the San Gabriel River & W. of gravel pits, just n. of Foothill Blvd., c. 600 meters w. of Irwindlae, to 3183 ft.

(970 m.), at Bichota Mesa, N.Fk. San Gabriel River, L.C. Wheeler, Mar. 15, 1968; Mar.-May (no elev. given on voucher, 3183 ft. is high point at Bichota Mesa-added 2010); Mar.-May; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: May 12, 1928, M.N. Ackley, Eaton Wash, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

SBCo.: E. side of mouth of Lytle Cr. Cyn., c. 100 meters n. of Devore Rd., 250 meters w. of FS Road 1N32, Mar. 8, 1993, 2040 ft. (622 m.)

Other records:

Steven R. Hill, vicinity of Lost Lake, straddling the San Andreas Fault, Lost Lake Rd., w. of I-15 Frwy., Apr. 25, 2001; L.C. Wheeler, Meyer Cyn., off Lytle Cr., Mar. 6, 1968, 2300 ft. (701 m.)

FVS: Mar. 6, 1968

Synonym Crassula connata (Ruiz & Pav.) A. Berger ssp. connata, Sand Pygmyweed (status uncertain)

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Sunset Ridge, by Millard Cyn., Apr. 23, 1967, no elev. given.; L.C. Wheeler, Limekilm Cyn., Apr. 30, 1967, 1800 ft. (549 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Altadena, Oak Grove Park, Devil’s Gate Dam, Apr. 26, 1948, 1054 ft. (321 m.)

FVS: Apr. 26, 1948

SBCo.: No records found.

Synonym Crassula connata (Ruiz & Pav.) A. Berger var. erectoides, no common name found (status uncertain)

LACo.: Azusa/Duarte boundary, 1.2 miles north of Foothill Blvd. on e. side of Encanto Pkwy., confl. of Van Tassel & San Gabriel Cyn., at w. bank of San Gabriel River, Mar. 13, 2009, 630 ft. (192 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., Apr. 19, 1969, 1500 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: Apr. 19, 1969

SBCo.: No records found.

Synonym Crassula connata (Ruiz & Pav.) A. Berger var. subsimplex (S. Watson) Bywater & Wickens, common name not found (status uncertain)

LACo.: Ernest Braunton, Glendora (brief data, maybe just s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary-added 2009), Jan. 15, 1903

SBCo.: No records found.

+Crassula tetragona L., Miniature or Chinese Pine lTree

Native to s. Africa.

LACo.: Mike Hammitt & Jason Rick, Arroyo Seco Cyn. between Gould Mesa Picnic Area & Nino Picnic Area, June 25, 1991, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Crasssula tillaea Lester Garland, Moss Pygmy-weed

[synonyms: Crassula muscosa (L.) Roth and Tillaea muscosa L.]

Native to Medit.

LACo.: From 554 ft. (169 m.), at Azusa/Irwindale, between the I-210 Fwy. & Foothill Blvd. on w. side of San Gabriel River Channel, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 7, 2009, to 3520 ft. ( (1073 m.), w. & s.w. of Horse Cyn. Saddle, along on old roadcut (ultimately joining Lower Monroe Rd.) that marks the n.w. boundary of SDEF, T.S. Ross, Apr. 21, 1992; Jan., Mar.-May; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Apr. 23, 1967, L.C. Wheeler, n. slope of sunset ridge at edge of firebrake by Millard Cyn., 1801 ft. (549 m.)

SBCo.: A.C. Sanders, Tracy Tennant, et al., Etiwanda, w. side of Etiwanda Cr. on n. side of Hwy. 30 (Highland Ave.), Mar. 12, 1998, 1450 (442 m.) (just s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

Dudleya abramsii Rose, Abrams’ Liveforever

LACo.: R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, Aliso Cr., 1.5 miles e. of confl., June 29, 1971, 2801 ft. (854 m.)

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne, C.W. Tilforth et al., along Lytle Cr.-Cajon Cyn., Cut-off, c. 2 miles SSW of Lost Lake, June 29, 1972, 2798 ft. (853 m.)

+Dudleya cymosa (Lem.) Britton & Rose, Canyon Liveforever

LACo.: From 2001 ft. (610 m.), at San Dimas Cyn., at waterfall in main fork, c. 600 meters n. of confl. with E. Fk., R.G. Swinney & Dave Larson, May 29, 1999, to 4750 ft. (1448 m.), s.w. of Pinon Hills, 0.2 miles due e. of reservoir of mouth of Mescal Cyn., R.G. Swinney & Vanessa Merritt, June 12, 1998; May-Aug., Oct.; uncommon; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: May 30, 1998, R.G. Swinney, SDEF, Fern Cyn., 2919 ft. (890 m.)

SBCo.: Middle Fk. Lytle Cr., major trib. on s. side, c. 350 meters w. of Stone House Crossing & c. 500 m. up south trib. to first major fk., Sep. 26, 1992,

5852 ft. (1784 m.); N. Fk. Barrett Cyn., 0.5 miles n.e. of Barret Village & Barret-Stoddard Rd., June 15, 1996, 4500 ft. (1372 m.); Coldwater Cyn., Aug. 14, 1993, 6101 ft. (1860 m.); Baldy Bowl area, near Sierra Ski Hut, in small trib. with springs, e. of San Antonio Cyn., e. springs, July 13, 1995, 8039 ft. (2451 m.); Lytle Cr. cyn., 0.1 miles n. of Sycamore Dr. on Lytle Cr. Road on undisturbed bank, several feet above rd., June 23, 1994

Other records:

Orlando Mistretta, Icehouse Cyn., Chapman Trail, June 7, 1993, 6650 ft.

(2027 m.)

FVS: Sep. 26, 1992

+Dudleya cymosa (Lem.) Britton & Rose ssp. crebrifolia K.M. Nakai & Verity, San Gabriel River Dudleya

Status: CNPS List: 1B R-E-D Code 3-1-3 State/Fed. Status: /C2

CRPR 1B.2 S1.2 G5T1 Fish Canyon, San Gab. Mts.

LACo.: S.D. White & P. Devries, s. foothills above Irwindale, Fish Cr. Cyn., from the mouth of cyn. at CalMat. Quarry, upstream to falls, May 18, 2000,

1000-1400 ft. (305-427 m.); W. Wisura & Orlando Mistretta, Roberts Cyn., off San Gabriel Cyn., Aug. 29, 1989, no elev. given; K. Nakai, Fish Cyn., c. 1.5 km. from mouth of cyn., June 24, 1981, 1296 ft. (395 m.)

FVS: June 24, 1981

SBCo.: No records found.

+Dudleya cymosa (Lem.) Britton & Rose ssp. cymosa , Canyon Liveforever

[synonym: D. cymosa ssp. gigantea (Rose) Moran] Variable; needs study. Hybrids with D. lanceolata suspected.

LACo.: Mark Elvin & Anne Marie Ruff, Glendora Ridge Rd. (gate) s. side of rd., on curve, Aug. 1, 1996, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

+Dudleya cymosa (Lem.) Britton & Rose ssp. pumila (Rose) K.M. Nakai, Canyon Dudleya (Liveforever)

Hybrids with D. lanceolata suspected.

LACo.: From 800 ft. (244 m.), at San Gabriel River Cyn., n. of Azusa, cyn. bottom & adj. slopes, below Morris Dam, May 8, 1997, to 8495 ft. (2590 m.), Ontario Ridge, F.W. Peirson, July 7, 1918 and Ontario Park, I.M. Johnston, July 30, 1917; Apr.-Aug.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: July 1901, L.R. Abrams, Wilson’s Trail, 4497 ft. (1371 m.)

SBCo.: From 3198 ft. (975 m.), at Day Cyn., I.M. Johnston, July 15, 1917, to 8662 ft. (2641 m.), at “Etiwanda Pk.”, c. 0.9 miles n.e. of Cucamonga Pk., on same ridge, June 22, 2000; Apr.-Aug.: Uncommon

Locations only: Upper Lytle Cr. Divide; S. Fork Lytle Cr.; W. Fork of trib. to Deer Cyn., 1st major trib. to Deer Cyn.; Ontario Pk. (w. end); San Antonio Falls; Lytle Cr., near Glen Ranch; n. to n.e. of Baldy Notch; Cascade Cyn.; Icehouse Cyn.

FVS: July 15, 1917, I.M. Johnston, Day Cyn., 3201 ft. (976 m.)

+Dudleya densiflora (Rose) Moran, San Gabriel Mountains (Liveforever) Dudleya

(synonym: Stylophyllum densiflorum Rose (basionym)

Status: CNPS List: 1B R-E-D Code: 3-2-3 State/Fed. Status C2

CRPR 1B.1 S1.1 G 1 San Gabriel Mts. only.

LACo.: Confined to narrow range of cyns. centered around lower San Gabriel Cyn.

San Gabriel Cyn., description vague - 2 records by Williams, B.C. Templeton

San Gabriel Cyn., near second river bridge: H.G. Rush

Fish Cyn.: 6 records by Jack Whitehead & Scott E. Haselton, F.W. Peirson, Ervin H. Miller, R.F. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, J.T. Howell

El Enconto area: W. Wisura & Orlando Mistretta

Mouth of San Gabriel Cyn. to 1.0 mi. north of mouth: 3 records by D.F. Howe, Percy Everret, L.C. Wheeler

Roberts Cyn.: L.C. Wheeler, W. Wisura & Orlando Mistretta

Below & above Morris Dam: 2 records by B.C. Templeton, Scott D. White

Mt. Islip: Anstruther Davidson (no date or elev. given)

Apr.-Aug., Oct.; cismontane; elev. range = 449-1447 ft. (152-441 m.)

FVS: 1917, Williams, San Gabriel Cyn.

SBCo.: No records found.

Dudleya lanceolata (Nutt.) Britton & Rose, Lanceleaf Dudleya (Liveforever)

(Synonym: D. cymosa (Lem.) Britton & Rose ssp. minor (Rose) Moran

CA & Baja CA, Mex.; hybrids with D.cymosa, D. pulverulenta and D. saxosa suspected.

LACo.: From 590 ft. (180 m.), at San Gabriel River Wash, Azusa, alluvial fan, e. & w. of levee, Scott D. White, May 22, 1997, to 4500 ft. (1372 m.), at San Antonio Cyn., 1.5 mi. above second tunnel at mountain rd. turnoff, Fred Brooks, May 7, 1988; Apr.-Aug.; common; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: June, 1899, Smith, Claremont, 1200 ft. (366 m.)

SBCo.: From 1523 ft. (610 m.), at 2 miles n.w. of Lytle Creek Rd. on dirt frontage rd., Dunn Cyn. Road & Lytle Creek jct., R.G. Swinney, June 18, 1993, and Lytle Creek Rd. at 1.4 mi. from Nealy’s Corner, S.L. Lockey, May 27, 1973, to 4034 ft. (1230 m.), at c. 100 meters s.e. of Spring Hill area, c. 100 meters w. of Barrett-Stoddard Rd. (FS Rd. 2N04), R.G. Swinney, July 6, 1994; Apr.-July; fairly common; cismontane

FVS: July 1, 1882, S.B. Parish, W.F. Parish, Cucamonga Mt., no elev. given

+Dudleya multicaulis (Rose) Moran, Many-stemmed Dudleya(Liveforever)

Status: CNPS List: 1B R-E-D Code: 1-2-3 State/Fed. Status: /C2

CRPR 1B.2 S2

LACo.: Glendora, e. area of South Hills, e. of Eagle Ridge, n. of new development in protected natural area, May 2, 1990, 800 ft. (244 m.) (S. of San Gab. Mts. boundary.)

Other records:

Jerome S. Horton, San Dimas Cyn., SDEF, May 8, 1937, 1699 ft.

(518 m.); C.W. Tilforth, Jjohnston’s Pasture, May 30, 1971, D.E. Branlet, Johnston’s Pasture, May 5, 1980, R.Moran, Johnston’s Pasture, Mar. 23, 1938; L.C. Wheeler, Marshall Cr., Apr. 27, 1934, 1600’s ft.; O.F. Clarke, near mouth of San Dimas Cyn., June 7, 1977, no elev. given; I.M. Johnston, n. of Claremont, Johnston’s Pasture, May, 1917, 2000’s ft.; Mar.-May

FVS: May, 1917

SBCo.: No records found.

Dudleya pulverulenta (Nutt.) Britton & Rose, Chalk Lettuce (Dudleya)

[synonym: D. pulverulenta (Nutt.) Britton &Rose var. pulverulenta] (hybridizes with D. lanceolata)

LACo.: T.S. Ross, Wilson Cyn., along the riparian strip, May 27, 1993, 1930- 2040 ft. (588 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Limekilm Cyn., Apr. 30, 1967, 2500 ft.

(670-762 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Pacoima Cyn., 1/4 mi. upstream from Dutch Louie Cmpgrd., June 12, 1961, 2348 ft. (716 m.); Michael C. Long, Placerita Cyn., c. 0.7 miles e. of Placerita Cyn. Nature Center, Apr. 1, 1983, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Elsmere Cyn., near mouth, June 26, 1967, 1425 ft. (434 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Placerita Cyn., Apr. 25, 1935, 1499 ft. (457 m.)

FVS: Apr. 25, 1935

SBCo.: Cucamonga Cyn., c. 0.5 miles n. of W. Almond Ave. (dirt extension), June 11, 1994, 2181 ft. (665 m.); Cucamonga Cyn., north of Cucamonga Cr. Percolation Basin, n. of dirt extension of W. Almond, Apr. 30, 1994, c. 2250 ft. (684 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Apr. 30, 1994

+Dudleya saxosa (M.E. Jones) Britton & Rose, Panamint Liveforever

LACo.: with Vanessa Merritt, Mescal Cr., 3 miles w. of Pinon Hills, 2.1 miles s. of Ft. Tejon Rd., at 237th St. East (Mescal Cyn. Rd.), 0.7 miles n.e. of mouth of Mescal Cyn., at Reservoir between Mescal Cyn. Road & Mescal Cr., June 12, 1998, 4520 ft. (13r8 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

+Dudleya saxosa (M.E. Jones) Britton & Rose ssp. aloides (Rose) Moran, Panamint Liveforever

Expected in Baja CA, Mex.; hybrids with D. lanceolata suspected, possible recognition of D. alainae Reiser, in need of study.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Lytle Cr. Cyn., community of Lytle Cr., 0.1 mile n. of Sycamore Dr. on Lytle Cr. Rd. (east rd shoulder on low bank, w.-facing exposure-added 2009), June 23, 1994, 2401 ft. (:1037 m.)

Other records: None found.

Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Poelln., Madagascar Widow’s-thrill

Native to Africa, Madagascar.

LACo.: R.G. Thorne & A.C. Gibson, near mouth of Fish Cyn., May 22, 1971,

800 ft. (243 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Sedum obtusatum A. Gray, Sierra Stonecrop

LACo.: Anstruther Davidson, Mt. Disappointment, June 12, 1893, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Sedum spathulifolium Hook., Yellow or Broadleaf Stonecrop

[synonym: Sedum spathulifolium Hook. ssp. pruinosum (Britton) B. Boivin] (variable, integrating complex)

LACo.: From 1800 ft. (549 m.), at San Gabriel River, W. Fork between Bear Cr. & Cogswell Dam, Scott D. White & Justin M. Wood, May 6, 2009, to 4517 ft.

(1377 m.), at Glendora Ridge Rd., on the divide between Upper E. Fork San Dimas Cyn. and Cow Cyn., 0.65 road-miles w. of Fallen Leaf Spring, T.S. Ross & Annette H. Ross, Nov 22, 1991; Apr.-July, Sep., Nov., Dec.; rare; cismontane

FVS: July, 1893, Anstruther Davidson, Switzers Pk. ?

SBCo.: S. Fork Lytle Cr., c. 75 meters w. of Bonita Falls, June 20, 1994, 3280 ft. (1000 m.); FS Road 1N34 (Big Tree Truck Rd.), c. 100 meters s. of Calamity Cyn. & 2 miles e. of jct. of Skyline & Almond Ave., in Cucamonga, June 28, 1994, 5199 ft. (1585 m.); Stoddard Cyn., c. 0.5 miles s.e. of Stoddard Flats, c. 100 yards e. of Cucamonga Truck Tr. (FS Rd. 1N35), Apr. 30, 1994, 4389 ft.

(1341 m.); mouth of S. Forkk. Lytle Cr., on s. side of creek, SSW of village of Scotland, Aug. 10, 1993, 3001 ft.

(915 m.)

Other records:

I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Cyn., June 7, 1919, no elev. given; I.M. Johnston, Ontario Pk., June 15, 1917, 6196 ft. (1889 m.); Arthur C. Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 30, 1971, 3805 ft. (1160 m.); I.M. Johnston, Day Cyn., July 15, 1917, no elev. given and Colin M. Wainwright, June 9, 1971; I.M. Johnston, San Gab. Mts., w. end of Ontario Pk., June 15, 1917, 6196 ft. (1889 m.)

FVS: June 15,1917 (two entries above)


Cucurbitaceae Gourd Family

Citrullus lanatus (Thurb.) Matsum. & Nakai var. citroides L.H.Bailey Mnsf., Wild Watermelon

[synonym: C. colosynthis var. lanatus (Thumb.) Matsum & Nakai]

Native to s. Africa.

LACo.: T.A. Ross & Orlando Mistretta, E. Fork San Gabriel River, 0.35 miles w. of Williams Flat, Oct. 24, 1990

SBCo.: No records found.

Cucurbita foetidissima Kunth, Calabazilla, Stinking Gourd, Buffalo Gourd, Missouri Gourd

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, Big John Flat, Sep. 7, 1968, 5500 ft. (1677 m.); R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, Acton, Soledad Cyn., June 17, 1971, c. 2700 ft. (823 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Big Tujunga Wash, July 30, 1967, 1400 ft. (426 m.); L.C. Wheeler, 2 miles NNE of LaVerne, dry field, Aug. 22, 1931, no elev. given

FVS: Aug. 22, 1931

SBCo.: Cajon Cyn., Swarthout Cyn. Road, 400 yds. n. (should be w.-change made 2010), of Old Hwy. 395, (at confl with Lone Pine Cyn.-added 2010), Oct. 19, 1991, 2719 ft. (829 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne, et al., mouth of Day Cyn., June 23, 1971, 2499 ft. (762 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Glenn Ranach, Lytle Cr., July 13, 1967, 3200 ft. (976 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Sycamore Valley Ranch, First Camp of Pioneers Monument, July 13, 1967, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Lone Pine Cyn., Nov. 11, 1933, 2650 ft. (808 m.)

FVS: Nov. 11, 1933

Cucurbita moschata Duchesne, Winter Crookneck Squash

Native to Central America or n. S. America

LACo.: Azusa, mouth of San Gab. Cyn., 1.8 miles n. of Sierra Madre Ave. n. of Bike Trail Parking Lot at Hwy. 39, along flowing aqueduct from water filtration plant, Dec. 4, 2008, 731 ft. (223 m.), with fruits up to 20 pounds.

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

+Marah fabacea (Naudin) Greene, California Man-root

(synonym: M. fabaceus orth. var.)

LACo.: Justin M. Wood, vic. of Little Rock Cr., just s.w. of jct. of Cheseboro Rd. & Mt. Emma Rd., May 10, 2010, 3194 ft. (973 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Marah macrocarpa (Greene) Greene, Cucamonga Manroot, Wild-cucumber, Chilicothe

(synonym: M. macrocarpus (Greene) Greene var. macrocarpus) (several vars. based on trivial features of leaves, fruit spines and seeds)

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 679 ft. (207 m.), at Duarte, 1.5 miles n. of Foothill Blvd. at El Encanto Dr., 100-300 meters e. of Fish Cyn. Rd., confl. with Fish Cyn. & San Gabriel River, R.G. Swinney, Jan. 19, 2009, to 4002 ft. (1220 m.), at 1 mi. below Falling Springs Resort, San Gabriel Cyn. Road, 15-20 ft. below rd., R.D. Keys, May 6, 1973; Jan.-July, Sep., Nov.; common; transmontane, cismontane

FVS: Feb. 10, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Claremont, 1197 ft. (365 m.)

SBCo.: s.w. of mouth of Lytle Cr. Canyon, 5 miles w. of Lytle Cr. Road (Nealy’s Corner), and c. 0.4 miles n. of Frontline Mtwy., Mar. 15, 1993, 1841 ft. (561 m.); ridgetop, n.w. of Grande Cielo Buffalo Ranch, w. of Cajon Wash & s. of Swarthout Cyn. Rd., June 1, 1996, 3759 ft. (1146 m.); Baldy Mesa, 1.7 miles n.e. of Hwy. 138 on Rd. 3N24, ridgetop at 0.5 miles w. of point where rd. crosses ridge, near Nuss Ranch, June 10, 1995, 5000 ft. (1524 m.); Frankish Pk., e.-w. running ridgetop, n. of Upland, Apr. 15, 1996, 4080 ft. (1244 m.)

Other records:

AC. Sanders, Tracy Tenant, et al., Etiwanda, w. side of Etiwanda Cr. on n. side of Hwy. 30 (Highland Ave.), Mar. 12, 1998, 1450 ft. (442 m.); Steven R. Hill, Lost Lake, straddling the San Andreas Fault, Lost Lake Rd. w. of I-15 Frwy., Apr. 25, 2001, 2831 ft. (863 m.); Vivian Manns, 3 miles s.e. of Nealey’s Corner on Lytle Cr. Rd. [Riverside Ave.], Apr. 12, 1963, 1601 ft. (488 m.); W.L. Jepson, Cajon Pass, May 28, 1914, 3496 ft. (1066 m.); Mary H. O’Brien, Colin Wainwright, et al., Lone Pine Cyn. Road (3N25), 0.7 miles w. of Hwy. 138, Apr. 14, 1976, no elev. given; Gerald L. Benny, Colin Wainwright, et al., Day Cyn., Apr. 14, 1971, no elev. given; Arthur C. & Linda Gibson, Stoddard Cyn., Apr. 18, 1971, no elev. given; Marcus E. Jones, San Gabriel Mts. region, Cajon Pass, May 16, 1903, no elev. given (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 16, 1903


Datiscaceae Datisca Family

Datisca glomerata (C. Presl) Baill., Durango Root

All parts toxic.

LACo.: From 630 ft. (192 m.), at Azusa/Duarte, San Gabriel Cyn. Wash, 0.4-1 mile n. (upstream) of Puente Largo (Railway-added 2010) Bridge, R.G. Swinney, Apr. 21, 2009, to 6800 ft. (2073 m.), at Cedar Springs, c. 0.5 miles e. of Kratka Ridge, along Angeles Crest Hwy., R.F. Thorne, July 2, 1969 and Cortelyou Springs, R.F. Thorne, Oct. 10, 1967; May-Nov. uncommon; all 3 sections

FVS: June 26, 1897, J.H. Barber, near Acton (Aliso Cyn.), no elev. given

SBCo.: All known locations given below.

Locations only (Swinney):

Stoddard Pk.; Lytle Cr. Divide, n. of Applewhite, Sheep Cyn. Truck Rd., 0.2 miles n. of summit at FS Road 2N56; Grapevine Cyn. on San Sevaine Rd.; North Fk. of Barrett Cyn., 0.5 miles n.e. of Barrett Village & Barrett-Stoddard Road; jct. of Barrett-Stoddard Rd. & Cascade Cyn., 1 cyn. south of Barrett Cyn.; Sheep Cr. Truck Rd. #15, 0.2 miles n. of summit at FS Road 2N56

Other records:

T.B. Salvato & A.C. Sanders, Cajon Pass, c. 0.5 miles s. of Bluecut & c. 05 miles n.w. of Keenbrook, at powerline crossing of Cajon Cr., May 4, 2000, 2499 ft.

(762 m.); T.S. Ross & S.D. Boyd, “Epipactis Cyn.”, unnamed cyn., draining ENE to Lone Pine Cyn. origin near E. end of upper Lytle Cr. Ridge (Sheep Cr. Truck Rd. 2N56 drops n.e.ward through the lower hafl of this cyn.), June 18, 1990, 3378 ft. (1030 m.); I.M. Johnston, Middle Fk. Bear Cr., on Lookout Trail, July 8, 1925, no elev. given

FVS: July 8, 1925


Elaeagnaceae Oleaster Family

Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Russian Olive, Oleaster

(synonym: E. angustifolius L. orth. var.)

Native to temperate Asia.

LACo.: Big Pines Hwy., c. 0.25 miles e. of Appletree Campground, w. of Wrightwood, June 19, 1997, 6219 ft. (1896 m.); Little Jimmy Spring, Sep. 15, 2001, 7400 ft. (2256 m.)

Other records:

T.S. Ross, Big Pines Hwy., c. 900 meters ESE from Jackson Lake, just on the w. side of Upper Mescal Cr. drainage, June 18, 1990, 6159 ft. (1877.6 m.); T.S. Ross, Big Rock Cr., just above confl. of Holcomb Cyn. Cr., between Big Rock Cr. Rd. & mouth of Holcomb Cyn., June 11, 1990, 4115-4200 ft. (1255 m.)

FVS: June 11, 1990

SBCo.: Lone Pine Cyn., w. of Clyde Ranch, 75 meters s. of Lone Pine Cyn. Rd. on Sheep Cr. Truck Rd., Aug. 7, 1997, 4999 ft. (1524 m.)

Other records: None found.


Elatinaceae Waterwort Family

Elatine brachysperma A. Gray, Short-seed Waterwort

LACo.: R.F. Thorne, Crystal Lake Recreation Area, July 19, 1967, 5550 ft.

(1692 m.); F.W. Peirson, Crystal Lake, June 19, 1921, 5497 ft. (1676 m.)

FVS: June 19, 1921

SBCo.: J.C. Roos, Mirror Lake, San Antonio Cyn., July 18, 1937, no elev. given


Ericaceae Heath Family

Arbutus menziesii Pursh, Pacific Madrone

LACo.: Upper Winter Canyon Trail, 1.4 miles n.w. of Chantry Flats, 2 pop. within 100 m., > 30 mature trees, Aug. 6, 2010, , not yet recorded on the Consortium, 3 additioinal pop. totaling 7 plants, within 0.2 mi. to the n.w., also along ___ the Upper Winter Cr. Trail, 3 very large trees within 100 m. below Spruce Grove cmpgrd. in Big Santa Anita Canyon, upper branches not reachable, no vouchers taken.

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Rincon Cyn. at Pine Mt. Truck Trail, Nov. 26, 1966, 2400 ft.

(732 m.); L.C. Wheeler, W. Fk. San Gabriel Cyn. drainage, Pine Mt. Truck Trail, Nov. 26, 1966, 3001 ft. (915 m.); L.C. Wheeler, E. Fork Santa Anita Cyn., Madrone Flat, Jan. 4, 1970, 2900 ft. (884 m.); R.F. Thorne, Chantry Flats, along trail to Santa Anita Canyon, Apr. 23, 1971, 2000 ft. (510 m.); Albert J. Perkins, along trail to Hoegee Campground, Feb. 22, 1931, no elev. given; remaining records are just w. of the survey boundary; V. Soza & L.Gross Helispot off Mt. Wilson Trail, c. 2.7 miles from Trailhead in Sierra Madre, July 15, 1999, 2696 ft. (822 m.); F.W. Peirson, Old Trail to Mt. Wilson, Apr. 5, 1919, 2496 ft. (761 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Little Santa Anita Cyn., along Mt. Wilson Trail, Dec. 6, 1969,

2750 ft. (838 m.); L.R. Abrams, Wilson’s Pk. Trail, Apr. 13, 1901, no elev.; L. Struf, Mt. Wilson Tr., May 19, 1918, no elev. given; Anstruther Davidson, Mt. Wilson Trail, July 18, 1993, no elev. given

FVS: July 18, 1893

SBCo.: No records found.

Arctostaphylos glandulosa Eastw., Eastwood’s Manzanita

Many records of A. glandulosa ssp gabrielensis are reported on the consortium. It is not recognized by the USDA Plant Database. These plants will be treated here.

LACo.: From 2496 ft. (761 m.), Switzer’s Camp, Sue Boergadine, May 26, 1966, to 6996 ft. (2133 m.), Hwy. 2, head of Dorr Cyn., e. of Dawson Saddle, B. Ertter & T. Sholars, May 24, 1987; Mar.-July, Oct.; abundance uncertain, many may not have been det. to subspecific level; montane, cismontane

FVS: Apr. 30, 1924, Raymond J. Dobbs, ½ mi. below Switzers, no elev. given

SBCo.: From 3201 ft. (976 m.), at 2.6 miles w. of Lytle Cr. Rd., at San Sevaine Big Tree Rd., c. 50 meters n. of rd., R.G. Swinney, Sep. 11, 1994, to 5760 ft. (1756 m.), at 200 yards s. of Joe Elliott Big Tree Memorial, R.G. Swinney, July 21, 1993; Apr. June, July, Sep.-Nov.; abundance uncertain, many may not have been det. to subspecific level.

FVS: Aug. 21, 1992, Jon E. Keely & Allen Mossihi, 17 km. south of Lone Pine Cyn. Rd., Upper Lytle Cr. Ridge Rd., 5428 ft. 1655 m.)

Arctostaphylos glandulosa Eastw. ssp. adamsii (Munz) Munz, Adams Manzanita

CA & n. Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: John Thomas Howell, Charlton Flat, Oct. 19, 1942, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Arctostaphylos glandulosa Eastw. ssp. cushingiana (Eastw.) J.E. Keeley, Cushing Manzanita

[synonym: A. glandulosa f. cushingiana (Eastw.) P.V. Wells]

LACo.: From 3421 ft. (1043 m.), at Potato Mt., n.w. of Upland, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 14, 1998 and at 3420-3520 ft. (1042-1073 m.), at w. and s.w. of Horse Cyn. Saddle, along an old roadcut (ultimately joining Lower Monroe Rd.) that marks the n.w. boundary of the SDEF, T.S. Ross, Apr. 21, 1992, to 6560 ft. (2000 m.), at Mt. Gleason (Arcto study site), Jon E. Keeley, Sep. 4, 1978 (Jon Keeley 17 different vouchers on record); Feb.-June, Aug.-Nov.; rare; transmontane/montane at Mt. Gleason, montane, cismontane

FVS: May 26, 1918, F.W. Peirson, summit of Mt. Wilson, no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

+Arctostaphylos glandulosa Eastw. ssp. gabrielensis (P.V. Wells) J.E.Keeley et al., San Gabriel Manzanita

(synonym: A. gabrielensis P. Wells)

Status: CNPS List 1B R-E-D Code: 20203 State/Fed.: /C2

CRPR: 1B.2 S1.2 G5T1, San Gab. Mts. only, Mill Creek Summit area

LACo.:

Orlando Mistretta & Mark Elvin, Mill Cr. Summit, on summit just w. of Angeles Forest Hwy. on Placific Crest Trail, Mar. 30, 1995, no elev. given; T.S. Ross, Big Tujunga Cyn., 310 meters e. of where Coldwater Cyn. meets Big Tujunga Cr., disturbed chaparral, just s. of creek, e. side of rd. to Colby Ranch, July 10, 1992, 3190 ft. (973 m.); Walter Knight & Irja Knight, Mill Creek Cmpgrd. at summit on Rd. N-3 Nov 26, 1986, 4648 ft. (1417 m.); P.V. Wells & Jon E. Keeley, Mill Cr. Summit, divide , Mar. 10, 1986, 4920 ft. (1500 m.); P.V. Wells, Mill Cr. Divide Summit, Aug. 9, 1986, 4920 ft. (1500 m.); Justin M. Wood, Mill Cr. Summit, Heliport, just s.e. of Ranger Station on Pacifico Mt. Rd. (3N17.4), June 1, 2009, 5189 ft. (1582 m.); plant listed on the Consortium for Stoddard Pk. was also det. as A. glandulosa ssp. glandulosa by RSA; L.C. Wheeler, Divide between W. Fork Bear Cr. & Devil’s Cyn., Aug. 7, 1968, 5976 ft. (1822 m.)

FVS: Aug. 7, 1968

SBCo.: No records found.

Arctostaphylos glandulosa Eastw. ssp. glandulosa, Eastwood’s Manzanita

[synonym: A. glandulosa Eastw. ssp. zacaensis (Eastw.) P.V. Wells]

LACo.: From 1998 ft. (609 m.), at Wilson’s Trail, LeRoy Abrams, Apr. 13, 1901, to 6560 ft. (2000 m.), at Mt. Gleason(Arc to study Site), Joe E. Keeley, Sep 4, 1978; Feb.-Nov.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: Apr. 13, 1901

SBCo.: No records found.

Arctostaphylos glandulosa Eastw. ssp. mollis (J.E. Adams) P.V. Wells, Eastwood’s Manzanita

(synonym: A. glandulosa Eastw. ssp. glaucomollis P. Wells)

Status: CRPR: CBR

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: From 1955 ft. (596 m.), at n. side of Sunset Ridge under power line, L.C. Wheeler, June 16, 1967 to 6672 ft. (2034 m.), at top of Mt. Wilson, Huron H. Smith, Apr. 30, 1912; Feb.-Aug., Oct., Nov.; common; montane, cismontane

FVS: May 29, 1892, Anstruther Davidson, Wilson’s Pk.

SBCo.: From 2300 ft. (701 m.), at Muscupiabe Hills between Lytle Wash & Cajon Wash, summit, s. end of west n.-s. ridge, L.C. Wheeler, Mar. 6, 1968, to 5497 ft.

(1676 m.) at upper San Sevaine Cmpgrd., San Sevaine Flats, R.F. Thorne, June 5, 1971; Feb., Apr., June-Sep.; common; all 4 sections

FVS: July 10, 1923, I.M. Johnston, Casey Trail to San Sevaine Flats, 2699 ft. (823 m.)

Arctostaphylos glauca Lindl., Bigberry Manzanita

CA & n.w. Baja Ca, Mex.

LACo.: From 580 ft. (177 m.), at Azusa/Irwindale, 200-300 meters e. of San Gabriel River Channel, between I-210 Frwy. & Foothill Blvd., R.G. Swinney, Feb. 20, 2009 (not yet posted on Consortium), to 6849 ft. (2088 m.), at Big Pines Park, B.C. Tmepleton, June 10, 1932; Jan.-June, Sep., Oct., Dec.; common; all 3 sections

FVS: Aug. 22, 1892, Anstruther Davidson, Wilson’s Pk.

SBCo.: From 2500 ft. (762 m.), at Lytle Creek Cyn., L.R. Abrams, July 15, 1902, to 6800 ft. (2073 m.), at Wrightwood area, unnamed ridgetop, imm. north of town, Scott D. White, May 9, 1998; all months; common; all 4 sections

FVS: July 15, 1902

+Arctostaphylos parryana Lemmon, Parry Manzanita

LACo.: From 4995 ft. (1523 m.), at 1 mi. from Angeles Crest Hwy. below parking area # 12, M. CacArthur, July 16, 1967 and at Aliso Cyn. to Buckhorn Flats Rd., Tie Camp Summit, Carl B. Wolf, May 27, 1936, to 8197 ft. (2499 m.), at s. slope, trail to ski lift, Baldy Summit, E.K. Balls, Aug. 4, 1954; Apr.-Nov.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: July 11, 1897, J.H. Barber, higher slope & summit of Mt. Gleason

SBCo.: From 4995 (1523 m.), at mouth of Icehouse Cyn., S.B. Parish, June 16, 1918, to 8151 ft. (2485 m.), at Cucamonga Pk., R.G. Swinney, July 28, 1994; June, July, Sep. Oct.; Rare

Remainder of records:

A.E. Wieslander, San Antonio Cyn., Snow Crest, Oct. 22, 1938, 5196 ft.

(1584 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Manker Flat, San Antonio Cyn., Sep. 13, 1964, no elev. given; Jerome S. Horton, near Snow Crest Camp, Sep. 30, 1935, no elev. given;

I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Cyn., July 28, 1917, 5497 ft. (1676 m.)

FVS: July 28, 1917

+Arctrostaphylos parryana Lemmon ssp. desertica J.E. Keeley, L. Boykin & A. Massihi, Desert or Parry Manzanita

LACo.: Jon E. Keeley, Allen Massihi, Mill Cr. Summit, e. of Angeles Forest Hwy., Aug. 20, 1992, 4822 ft. (1470 m.)

SBCo.: No records found.

Arctostaphylos parryana Lemmon ssp. parryana, Parry Manzanita

LACo.: From 5363 ft. (1635 m.), at Pinyon Flats, Jon E. Keeley & Melane Baer-Keeley, Oct. 10, 1992, to 6560 ft. (2000 m.), at Angeles Crest Hwy., c. 1.3 km. east of Singing Pines turnoff, Jon E. Keeley, June 14, 1979; Apr., June, Aug., Oct.; uncommon; transmontane, montane

FVS: May 19, 1929, R. Hoffman, Big Rock Cr., Paradise Camp, no elev. given

SBCo.: Jon E. Keeley & Allen Massihi, Angeles Crest Hwy., c. 5 km. northwest of Wrightwood, Aug. 21, 1992, 6593 ft. (2010m.)

+Arctostaphylos parryana Lemmon ssp. tumescens J.E. Keeley et al., Interior Manzanita

Status: CRPR 4.3 S3 G4T3 Listed in TJM2 as San Bern. Co. only.

LACo.: From 3936 ft. (1200 m.), n. of Angeles Crest Hwy. on rd. to Sulphur Springs, n. of Chilao, Jon E. Keeley & Allen Massihi, Aug. 20, 1992 (4 sep. voucher #’s for this location), to 6560 ft. (2000 m.), at dirt rd. between Chilao and Mill Cr. Summit, c. 100 meters n. on side rd. to Pacifico Mt., Jon E. Keeley & Allen Massihi, Oct. 11, 1992 (7 voucher #’s for this location); rare; Apr., Aug.-Oct.; transmontane, montane; all collections from the following areas: Mt. Gleason and road to and including Mill Creek, Mt. Pacifico, Sulphur Springs, Newcomb Ranch, Pinyon Flat.

(approx. 380 voucher #’s by Keeley et al. No other collectors for LA Co.)

FVS: Aug. 20, 1992

SBCo.: No records found.

Arctostaphylos patula Greene, Greenleaf Manzanita

(synonym: Arctostaphylos parryana Lemmon var. pinetorum and A. patula ssp. platyphylla)

LACo.: From 5000 ft. (1524 m.), n.e. of Tie Summit Station and e. of Angeles Forest Hwy., w. drainage that meets Tie Cyn., T.S. Ross, July 10, 1990, to

9361 ft. (2854 m.), at Mt. Baden Powel, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 18, 2001; Jan, Apr.-Oct.; common; transmontane, montane

Locations by author:

Iron Mt. summit, E. Table Mt. summit; Lookout (Antonio) Mountain summit,

ridgetop between Big Horn Ridge & ridge due s. of San Antonio Ridge, high spot on ridge overlooking upper Coldwater Cyn.; Mt. Burnham; Pleasant View Ridge between Pallertt Pk. & Mt. Williamson; Mt. Baden-Powell, Throop Pk., Ross Mt., Mt. Islip; Pk. 6374 in far s.e. area of Devils Punchbowl County Park, c. 0.5 miles s. of Devil’s Chair

Other records – locations only:

Big Pines Park, Buckhorn Campground, summit of N. Baldy, Blue Ridge, below summit of Mt. Hawkins; Cortelyou Spring; n. of Vincent Gap, along Hwy. 2; S.Fk. of Big Rock Cr., near Lily Spring; Kratka Ridge; saddle between Little Bear Cr. & Devil’s Cyn.

FVS: July 12, 1902, L.R. Abrams, Mt. San Antonio, 9000 ft. (2744 m.)

SBCo.: From 5478 ft. (1670 m.), at Icehouse Cyn., H.A. Jensen, Mar. 13, 1933, to 9499 ft. (2896 m.), at Dawson Pk. summit, R.G. Swinney, July 28, 1992; Mar, June- Oct.; common; montane

Locations by author: Timber Mt. (Chapman Pk.); Etiwanda Pk.; Sugarloaf Pk. (east, west & saddle); saddle between Cucamonga Pk. & Big Horn Pk.; Dawson Pk.; Pine Mt.; w. end of Mt. Harwood; ridge & saddle near pk. 6566, c. 2.5 mi. (air) ENE of Telegraph Pk., above N. Fork Lytle Cr.; Telegraph Pk.; s. slope of Thunder Mt.; Ontario Pk.; Falling Rock Cyn., 0.8 miles s. of Icehouse Cyn.

Additional locations:

Icehouse Cyn.; Middle Fk. Lytle Cr.; In draw and along rd. of cyn. north to n.e. of Baldy Notch (the one that drains into Coldwater Cyn.); Devil’s Backbone, between Wright Mt. & Pine Mt.; head of San Antonio Cyn.; top Camp Baldy, Lytle Creek Rd.

FVS: July 31, 1917, I.M. Johnston, around summit of San Antonio Mts., Telegraph Pk., 8997 ft. (2743 m.)

Arctostaphylos pungens Kunth, Mexican Manzanita, Pointleaf Manzanita

LACo.: Antonio Pk. (Lookout Mt.), ridge e. of Cattle Cyn. & west of W. Fork Bear Cyn., Aug. 19, 1997, 6799 ft. (2073 m.)

Other records:

Scott D. White & Justin M. Wood, W. Fork San Gabriel River, large fill slope on the s. side of Cogswell Reservoir, May 6, 2009, 2601 ft. (793 m.); Mrs. S. Earle Kelley, Mt. Wilson, no date, no elev. given; Vernon O. Bailey, e. base of San Antonio Pk., Sep. 3, 1907, 5996 ft. (1828 m.)

FVS: Sep. 3, 1907

SBCo.: No records found.

Arctostaphylos tomentosa (Pursh) Lindl., Woolyleaf Manzanita

LACo.: Raymond J. Dobbs, 1 ½ mi. above Swietzer on Tujunga Trail, no date, no elev. given; Arthur R. Kruckeberg, Colby Cyn. Trail, Mar. 19, 1939, no elev. given

FVS: Mar. 19, 1939 (?) (no date for Dobbs)

SBCo.: No records found.

Chimaphila menziesii (R.Br. ex D. Don) Spreng., Little Prince’s Pine

LACo.: S. Fork of Dry Lake Cyn., w. tributary of San Antonio Cyn., Aug. 30, 1998, 3231 ft. (985 m.); San Antonio Ridge, 1.1 miles w. of Mt. Baldy, e. of saddle, Aug. 31, 1998, 7921 ft. (2415 m.)

Other records:

F.W. Peirson, summit of Mt. Wilson, July 29, 1919, 5701 ft. (1738 m.);

L.R. Abrams, Wilson’s Pk., July 10, 1902, no elev. given

FVS: July 10, 1902

SBCo.: Lytle Creek Cyn., bottom of unnamed side cyn. west of Stockton Flats, July 07, 1992, 6399 ft. (1951 m.)

Other records:

P.A. Munz, ridge e of Ontario Pk., among rocks w. of Kelly’s Cabin, July 19, 1922, no elev. given; I.M. Johnston, near lower ( end?) of short Cut to Kelly’s Icehouse Cyn., Dec. 21, 1917, 7246 ft. (2209 m.)

FVS: Dec. 21, 1917

Phyllodoce breweri (A. Gray) Maxim, Purple Mountainheath

LACo.: Gordon Beisel, summit of Mt. San Antonio, July, 1933, 1149 ft. (3502 m.)

(listed under LACo., most likely referring to E. summit, elev. is in error, summit of E. Peak. is 1064 ft.-added 2010); Geo. B. Grant, Pasadena-mountains, sunny, rocky, Aug. 1902, 10,000 ft. (3049 m.) (East Baldy Pk. is the only pk. that is that high in the San Gab. Mts.)

FVS: Aug. 1902

SBCo.: See Mt. San Antonio entry above for Beisel, the co. boundary line runs right through the center of Mt. San Antonio (East Mt. Baldy)

Pterospora andromedea Nutt., Woodland Pinedrops

LACo.: Table Mt. area, Jesus Cyn., w. of FS Road 4N47, n.w. of Wrightwood, Aug. 6, 1997, 6248 ft. (1905 m.); Throop Pk. Ridge, c. 300 meters s. of Dawson Saddle on Dawson Saddle Trail, Aug. 27, 2001, 8080 ft. (2463 m.); upper Buford Cyn., c. 200 meters n. of Guffy Rd., Blue Ridge Mtn. area, July 23, 1997, 8180 ft.

(2494 m.); Mt. San Antonio Ridge, 1.1 miles w. of Mt. Baldy (W. Peak), e. of saddle, Aug. 31, 1998, 7921 ft. (2415 m.); Mt. Williamson Complex, third pk. from e. on ridge, Aug. 9, 2001, 8243 ft. (2513 m.); Mt. Williamson, w. ridge, Aug. 9, 2001, 8249 ft. (2515 m.); n. slope of Mt. Baden-Powell, c. 2 miles s. of Hwy. 2, at Vincent Gap on trail to pk., Aug. 18, 2001, 8498 ft. (2591 m.); Burkhart Trail on s. side of Cooper Cyn., 1.4 miles n.e. of Burkhart Trailhead parking lot, w. of Burkhart Cyn., July 16, 2008, 5760 ft. (1756 m.)

Other records:

F.W. Peirson, San Antonio Cyn., Sep. 13, 1920, 7495 ft. (2285 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Little Rock Cr., fork n. of pumphouse, July 23, 1968, 6700 ft. (2043 m.)

FVS: Sep. 13, 1920, Frank W. Peirson, San Antonio Cyn., 7495 ft. (2285 m.)

SBCo.: 250 meters n. of jct. of Big Tree Truck Rd. (San Sevaine Rd.) and S. Fk Lytle Cr. Trail, July 21, 1993, 5720 ft. (1744 m.)

Other records:

R.F. Thorne & H. Eichler, Mt. Baldy Notch & Devil’s Backbone, July 27, 1968, 8500 ft. ft. (2591 m.); L.C. Wheeler, vic. of summit of Cucamonga Pk., June 15, 1968, 8800 ft. (2683 m.); I.M. Johnston, s. slope of Cucamonga Peak., cyn. below Manzanita Flats, July 22, 1925, 6301 ft. (1921 m.); I.M. Johnston, vic. Kelly’s Cabin (Ontario Pk.), July 30, 1917, 8000-8498 ft. (2439-2591 m.)

FVS: July 30, 1917

Pyrola asarifolia Michx. ssp. asarifolia, Bog Wintergreen, Liverleaf Wintergreen

(synonym: Pyrola californica Krisa)

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: n.e. area of Cucamonga Peak Aug. 14, 1995, 8859 ft. (2701 m.); Big Horn Pk., n.e. slope, c. 0.25 miles s.e. of Icehouse Saddle, July 8, 1994, 7800 ft. (2378 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: July 8, 1994

Pyrola picta Sm., Whiteveined Wintergreen

Variable, may hybridize with other spp.

LACo.: Pine Mt. Ridge, c. 200 meters e. of Camp Lupine Trail jct. at Fish Fk. Trail, area burned in summer of 1997, July 21, 1998, 7280 ft. (2220 m.); upper Buford Cyn., c. 200 meters n. of Guffy Rd., Blue Ridge Mt. area, July 23, 1997, 8180 ft. (2494 m.); Lamel Springs on n. slope of Mt. Baden-Powell, 1.5 miles s. of Vincent Gap, Aug. 11, 2001, 7790 ft. (2375 m.)

Other records:

Valerie L. Soza & LeRoy Gross, n.w. side of Timber Mt., 0.75 mi. from Icehouse Saddle, May 24, 2000, 7950 ft. (2424 m.); F.W. Peirson, Prairie Fk. San Gabriel River, July 17, 1921, 6996 ft. (2133 m.); F.W. Peirson, on ridges around the head of Coldwater Cyn., up to San Antonio Divide, Sep 14, 1920, 6996 ft. (2133 m.); I.M. Johnston, Middle Fk. Bear Cr. along Lookout Trail, July 8, 1925, no elev. given; P.A. Munz, Swarthout Valley, narrow n.-facing cyn. at old Sawmill, Sep. 1, 1923, no elev.; F.R. Fosberg, s. slope of Mt. Hawkins, near Islip-Hawkens Divide, Aug. 11, 1931, 7544 ft. (2300 m.); F.R. Fosberg, Mt. Islilp, near summit, Aug. 12, 1931, no elev. given; L.E. Hoffman, Mt. Islip, Aug. 14, 1932, 8000 ft. (2439 m.); L.C. Wheeler, n. side of Will Thrall Park (Peak ?-added 2010), halfway between Burkhart Saddle & Mossy Spring, July 23, 1968, no elev. given; Orlando Mistretta & Joe Mistretta, Cooper Cyn., Sep. 22, 1992, 6240 ft. (1902 m.); Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock Cr., June 8, 1906, no elev. given

FVS: June 8, 1906

SBCo.: Falling Rock Cyn., 0.6 miles s. of Icehouse Cyn., below Sugarloaf Peak Saddle, July 11, 1996, 6439 ft. (1963 m.); Baldy Bowl area s. of Mt. Baldy (E. Peak.), Aug. 28, 1995, 8400 ft. (2561 m.); c. ¼ mile n.w. of Baldy Notch, 90 meters e. of FSRd. 3N06, Sep. 6, 1993, 7400 ft. (2256 m.)

Other records:

F.W. Peirson, Icehouse Cyn., June 4, 1919, 7196 ft. (2194 m.); I.M. Johsnton, head of S. Fork, Lytle Cr., July 15, 1917, 6000 ft. (1829 m.); I.M. Johnston, head of Icehouse Cyn., July 30, 1917, no elev. given; I.M. Johnston, s. slope of Cucamonga Pk., canyon w. of Manzanita Flats, July 22, 1925, no elev. given; I.M. Johnston, Middle Fk. Bear Cr., along Lookout Tr., July 8, 1925, no elev. given; I.M. Johnston, Icehouse Cyn., along Shortcut to Kelly’s Cabin, Aug. 1, 1925, no elev. given; P.A. Munz, Icehouse Cyn., July 18, 1922, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, rocky summit of Ontario Pk., Aug. 30, 1965, no elev. given; Richard Noyes, Icehouse Cyn. Saddle, July 23, 1988, 7610 ft. (2320 m.); Orlando Mistretta, trail to Cucamonga Pk., 15 yards e. of Bighorn Saddle, July 26, 1991, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, Icehouse Cyn., July 18, 1922, no elev. given; F.W. Peirson, slope above Coldwater Cienaga, Fk. of Lytle Cr., no elev. given; L.L. Gardner, Kelly’s Cabin, Ontario Pk., May 14, 1916, no elev. given

FVS: May 14, 1916

Sarcodes sanguinea Torr., Snowplant

LACo.: From 4100 ft. (1250 m.), along Big Pines Hwy., c. 1/2 mile s.e. of Jackson Lake, c. 2.5 miles n.w. of jct. with Angeles Crest Hwy., John Macdonald, June 6, 2006, to 9118 ft. (2780 m.), Throop Pk. w. of Mt. Baden Powell, R.G. Swinney, Aug. 27, 2001; May-Oct.; uncommon; transmontane at w. side of Pallett Mt., L.C. Wheeler, July 23, 1968, 7400 ft. (2256 m.), montane

FVS: May 26, 1923, F.W. Peirson, Vincent Gulch, 6501 ft. (1982 m.)

SBCo.: summit of Pk. “8540” on ridge running n.e. from Telegraplh Pk., Aug. 20, 1997, 8541 ft. (2604 m.); n.e. ridge of Pine Mt., one ridge e. of Devil’s Backbone Trail from Wright Mt., Oct. 24, 1998, 8820 ft. (2689 m.); Wright Mt. Summit, July 12, 1993, 8469 ft. (2582 m.); Baldy Bowl Area, s. of Mt. Baldy (E. Peak), Aug. 28, 1995, 8400 ft. (2561 m.); base of s. side of summit of Telegraph Pk., Aug. 11, 1994, 8840 ft. (2695 m.)

Other records:

Abby Sirulnik, Mt. Baldy Notch, May 21, 2000, 7800 ft. (2378 m.); F.W. Peirson, Icehouse Cyn., June 4, 1919, 6966 ft. ( 2133 m.); Peter Fritsch, in draw & along rd. on cyn. north to n.e. of Baldy Notch (the one that drains into Coldwater Cyn.), July 12, 1990, 6426 ft. (1959 m.); I.M. Johnston, Cucamonga Pk., San Antonio Mts., July 30, 1917, 7997 ft. (2438 m.)

FVS: July 30, 1917

Euphorbiaceae Spurge Family

Chamaesyce albomarginata (Torr. & A. Gray) Small, Rattlesnake Weed, Whitemargin Sandmat

(synonym: Euphorbia albomarginata Torr. & A. Gray)

LACo.: From 1475 ft. (450 m.), at Glendora, Colby Fire Break, 100 yards s. of Glendora Mt. Rd. & 50 yards e. of Glendora Wilderness Park boundary (now Big Dalton Cyn. Wilderness Park), R.G. Swinney, May 12, 1989, to 8000 ft.

(2439 m.), at Dawson Saddle, Wesley O. Griesel, June 16, 1961; Mar.-Sep.; fairly common; all 3 sections

FVS: May 11, 1897, Harley P. Chandler, Claremont, 1499 ft. (457 m.)

SBCo.: n.e. of Wrightwood, Horse Cyn., n.w. of Circle Mt., 100-200 yards, e. of State Hwy. 2, c. 200 ft. s. of Horse Cyn. Rd. (FS Road 3N12), June 12, 1994,

2999 ft. (1524 m.); s. of Pinon Hills, c. 0.75 miles n.w. of Oak Spring Ranch, c. 0.25 miles e. of co. line, June 13, 1997, 5360 ft. (1634 m.); Baldy Mesa Ridge, 1.7 miles n.e. of Hwy. 138 on FS Road 3N24, ridgetop at 0.5 miles w. of point where rd. crosses ridge, near Nuss Ranch, June 16, 1995, 4999 ft. 1524 m.)

Other records:

Marcus E. Jones, San Gab. Mts. Region, Cajon Pass, May 16, 1903, 3800 ft. (1159 m.) (possibly outside San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May 16, 1903

Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small, Spotted Spurge (Sandmat)

(synonym: Euphorbia maculata L. and E. supina Raf.]

Native to e. US.

LACo.: From 600 ft. (183 m.), at mouth of San Gabriel River, c. 100-350 meters n. of Foothill Blvd., e. bank, R.G. Swinney, Feb. 16, 1998, to 3523 ft. (1074 m.), at Kinneloa Cyn., Louis C. Wheeler, Sep. 21, 1945; Feb., May, Aug.-Nov.; rare; cismontane

FVS: Sep. 21, 1945

SBCo.: R.F. Thorne & C.W. Tilforth, et al., Lytle Cr. Ranger Station, July 7, 1971, 2719 ft. (829 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. Ranger Station, Sep. 6, 1968, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, San Antonio Cyn., just above confl. with Icehouse Cyn., Sep. 13, 1967, 5000 ft. (1524 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Bighorn Cmpgrd., Stockton Flat, N. Fork Lytle Cr., Sep. 5, 1967, 6000 ft. (1829 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Glen Helen Park, Cajon Cyn., Oct. 12, 1969, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cyn., Ranger Station, July 16, 1948, no elev. given

FVS: July 16, 1948

Chamaesyce melanadenia (Torr.) Millsp., Redgland Spurge

(synonym: Euphorbia melanadenia Torr.)

LACo.: From 971 ft. (296 m.), at Azusa, San Gabriel River Cyn., El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, R.G. Swinney, Mar. 11, 2009, to 5000 ft.

(1524 m.), at San Antonio Cyn., R. Abbott, May 3, 1906; Feb.-July, Oct.-Dec.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: June 14, 1900, W.R. Shaw, Burbank Canon (Canyon-added 2012), no elev. given

SBCo.: No records found.

Chamaesyce polycarpa (Benth.) Millsp. ex Pursh, Smallseed Sandmat

[synonyms: Euphorbia polycarpa Benth. and C. pollycarpa var. hirtella (Boiss.) Millsp. ex Parish]

LACo.: San Dimas Experimental Forest, rare, dry, rocky openings, SDEF, 1988

(not listed in the Consortium)

SBCo.: No records found.

Chamaesyce prostrata (Aiton) Small, Prostrate Sandmat

[synonyms: Euphorbia prostrata Aiton and Euphorbia chamaesyce auct. Non. L.]

Native to W. Indies, S. America.

LACo.: San Gabriel Cyn., along dirt access rd. at 0.2 mles e. of admin. building at El Encanto Azusa River Wilderness Park, May 30, 2008, 840 ft. (256 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: jct. of San Antonio Falls Rd. & Mt. Baldy Rd., e. of rd. at seep area on rd. shoulder, Aug. 23, 1994, 6000 ft. (1829 m.)

Other records:

L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. Ranger Station, July 16, 1948, no elev. given

FVS: July 16, 1948

Chamaesyce serpens (Kunth) Small, Creeping Spurge, Matted Sandmat

(synonym: Euphorbia serpens Kunth)

Native to S. America.

LACo.: Glendora Wilderness Park (now - Big Dalton Cyn. Wilderness Park-added 2010), 1. 6 mile n.e. of Glendora Mt. Rd. at Big Dalton Cyn. Road, July 8, 1989, 1551 ft. (473 m.)

Other records: None found.

SBCo.: No records found.

Chamaesyce serpyllifolia (Pers.) Small, Thymeleaf Spurge or Sandmat

(synonym: Euphorbia serpyllifolia Pers.)

LACo.: Frank. W. Peirson, N. Fork San Gabriel River, June 20, 1921, 1499 ft.

(457 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Jackson Lake, Aug. 27, 1948, 6101 ft. (1860 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Kinneloa Cyn. (Sycamore Cyn.), Sep. 20, 1945, 1099 ft. (335 m.); D.L. Crawford, Claremont, July 1, 1915

FVS: July 1, 1915

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. Ranger Station, July 16, 1948, no elev. given

Chamaesyce serpyllifolia (Pers.) Small ssp. hirtula (Engelm. ex S. Watson) Koutnik, Thymeleaf Sandmat

[synonym: Euphorbia serpylllifolia Pers. var. hirtula (S.Watson) Wheeler]

CA & Baja CA, Mex.

LACo.: No records found.

SBCo.: Lost Lake, c. 150 meters n. of Swarthout Cyn. Road, Lone Pine Cyn., Oct. 19, 1994, 2790 ft. (851 m.)

Other records: None found.

Chamaesyce serpyllifolia (Pers.) Small ssp. serpyllifolia, Thymeleaf Spurge (Sandmat)

(synonym: Euphorbia serpyllifolia Pers.)

LACo.: From 581 ft. (177 m.), at Azusa/Irwindale boundary, San Gabriel River channel, within 75 meters of Foothill Blvd. Bridge, R.G. Swinney, Nov. 30, 2008, to 7449 ft. (2271 m.), at Arrastre Flat, F.W. Peirson, Sep. 1, 1924; June-Sep., Nov., uncommon; cismontane

FVS: June 20, 1921, F.W. Peirson, N. Fork San Gab. River, 1499 ft. (457 m.)

SBCo.: From 2001 ft. (610 m.), at Glen Helen Regional Park, extreme n.w. end of Park (Sycamore Flat), R.G. Swinney, Aug. 18, 1994, to 8699 ft. (2652 m.), just w. of Ontario Pk. summit, I.M. Johnston, Aug. 1, 1925; June-Nov.; uncommon; montane, cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: July 26, 1901, L.R. Abrams, Lytle Creek Cyn., no elev. given

Croton californicus (Mull.) Arg., California Croton

[synonyms: C. californicus Mull. Ar. var. californicus and C. californicus Mull. Arg. var tenuis (S.Watson) S.M. Ferguson]

LACo.: From 659 ft. (201 m.), at Azusa, mouth of San Gabriel Cyn., 1 mile n. of Foothill Blvd., R.G. Swinney, Dec. 4, 2008, to 1876 ft. (572 m.), e. of Lupe Cyn., J.R. Shevock, Dec. 31, 1970; Mar.-May, Sep., Oct., Dec.; uncommon; cismontane

FVS: Oct. 1, 1903, C.F. Baker, Claremont, San Gab. Mts.

SBCo.: James Henickson, 12 air miles n.w. of San Bernardino, in Lower Lytle Cr. Wash, c. 2-4 miles n. of I-15 Frwy., May 1, 1985, 2400-2800 ft. (732 m.): L.C. Wheeler, mouth of Frankish Cyn., 1 mile w. of Cucamonga Cyn., June 25, 1936, no elev. given

FVS: June 25, 1936

Croton setigerus Hook., Turkey-mullein, Dove Weed

(synonym: Eremocarpus setigerus Hook)

Toxic to livestock especially in hay.

LACo.: From 1400 ft. (426 m.), just w. of divide of Kinneloa (“Sycamore”) Cyn., L.C. Wheeler, Sep. 20, 1945, to 4100 ft. (1250 m.), at Bob’s Gap & Valyermo Rd., June Latting, Oct. 6, 1976, June-Aug., Oct., Dec.; rare; tramsmontane, cismontane

FVS: June 21, 1897, H.P.C., Claremont, 1107 ft. (365 m.)

SBCo.: From 2719 ft. (829 m.), at Cajon Cyn., on Swarthout Cyn. Road, 400 yards n. of Old Hwy. 395, R.G. Swinney, Oct. 19, 1991, to 4451 ft. (1357 m.), at Stoddard Flat, s. of Barrett Village, R.G. Swinney, July 25, 1995; June, July, Sep.-Nov.; uncommon; cismontane, Cajon Pass

FVS: June 25, 1936, L.C. Wheeler, mouth of Frankish Cyn., imm. west of Cucamonga Cyn., 2398 ft. (731 m.)

Euphorbia crenulata Engelm., Chinese Caps

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, W. Fork Palmer Cyn. (n. of Claremont-added 2010), June 8, 1964, no elev. given; L.C. Wheeler, Live Oak Cyn., (1/2 mi. above the dam), Apr. 12, 1931 and Jan. 21, 1931, no elev. given; Ernest Braunton, Glendora, May, 1902, no elev. given, (possibly s. of San Gab. Mts. boundary)

FVS: May, 1902

SBCo.: No records found.

+Euphorbia dendroides L., Tree Spurge

Native to Medit. & Canary Islands

LACo.: Scott D. White, J. Wood, et al., Millard Cyn., n. of Altadena via Chancy Trail, in the vic. of jct. with Echo Mt. Lowe Fire Rd.; Hartman, Big Santa Anita Cyn., May 21, 2002, no elev. given; Adelina Munoz, Big Santa Anita Cyn., from Roberts Dam along stream to Water Trail, Apr. 16, 1988, 1000 ft. (305 m.); D.L. Koutnik, above Pasadena, side cyn. of Eaton Wash along New York Dr., 0.25 miles n. of Sierra Madre Blvd., Apr. 20, 1996, 984 ft. (300 m.); S. Granger, Eaton Cyn. near Kinneloa Mesa, n. of New York Dr., Pasadena, Mar. 30, 1981, no elev. given; Pearson, along hillside of New York Ave. in Pasadena, Apr. 21, 1904, no elev. given

FVS: Apr. 21, 1904

SBCo.: No records found.

Euphorbia lathyris L., Caper Spurge, Gopher Plant, Moleplant

Native to Europe.

LACo.: L.C. Wheeler, San Gabriel Cyn., below Waldo Wards Avocado Grove, May 13, 1967, 850 ft. (259 m.); I.M. Johnston, San Antonio Cyn. (Seven Oaks), July 20, 1917 and June 20, 1917, no elev. given

FVS: June 20, 1917

SBCo.: c. 700 meters s.w. of Cajon Rd. at Swarthout Cyn. Rd., on west rd. shoulder, July 29, 1994, 2700 ft. (823 m.); Wright Lake, Wrightwood, Oct. 30, 2008, 6038 ft. (1841 m.); Mt. Baldy Village, Bear Cyn., at stream bottom, c. 10 meters s.w. of Baldy Village Community Church, n. of Mt. Baldy Rd., July 28, 1994, 4198 ft. (1280 m.); 0.1 miles e. of Lytle Cr. Rd., on FS Rd. 1N33, s.e. of “Texas Hill”, Apr. 5, 1994, 2200 ft. (671 m.)

Other records: None found.

FVS: Apr. 5, 1994

Euphorbia lurida Engelm., Woodland Spurge

(synonym: E. palmeri S. Watson)

LACo.: head of Cedar Cyn., ridge c. 200 meters n. of Big Pines Hwy. 0.5 miles w. of jct. of Hwy. 2, July 15, 1999, 7619 ft. (2323 m.); Grandview Cyn., c. 1.1 mile n. of Big Pines Hwy. at All Nations Camp., June 30, 1999, 5199 ft. (1585 m.); ridge n.e. of Table Mt. (East-added 2010), (pk. 7473), c. 0.4 miles w. of co. line, June 13, 1997, 7200 ft. (2195 m.)

Other records:

F.W. Peirson, Swarthout Valley Region, Big Pines, July 6, 1922, 6796 ft. (2072;; B.C. Templeton, near Animal Park, Big Pines, Park, Aug. 25, 1932 and 6800 ft. (2073 m.) and June 19, 1932 at 6501 ft. (1982 m.); Joseph Ewan, Swarthout Valley, July 27, 1936, no elev. given; R.F. Thorne, Table Mt. above Big Pines Ranger Station (W. summit-added 2010), July 9, 1969, 6950 ft. (2119 m.); P.A. Munz, Sawmill, Swarthout Valley, June 18, 1921, 6800 ft. (2073 m.); L.R. Heckard & Michael Morris, c. 3 miles w. of Wrightwood, along Route 2, 0.5 miles w. of Holiday Hill Ski Lifts, 0.5 miles e. of Big Pines Ranger Station, June 13, 1976, 5996 ft. (1828 m.); Anstruther Davidson, Big Rock, July 4, 1893, no elev. given

FVS: July 4, 1893

SBCo.: c. 0.5 miles n.e. of Sheep Cr. Road at Hwy. 2, June 11, 1994, 5599 ft. (1707 m.)

Other records:

LeRoy Gross & Valerie Soza, Sheep Cr., n.e. of Wrightwood, Swarthout Valley, just n. of Hwy. 1 (Hwy. 2-added 2011) (Angeles Crest Hwy.) on e. side of Hwy, on bench above the cr., June 9, 2008, 6837 ft. (1799 m.); M.N. Ackley, San Bernardino Mts., Wrightwood, June 8, 1929, 6498 ft. (1981 m.); P.A. Munz, head of Swartout Valley, May 30, 1922, 6901 ft. (2104 m.)

FVS: May 30, 1922

Euphorbia peplus L., Petty Spurge

Native to Europe.

LACo.: From 348 ft. (106 m.), at Millard Cyn., Louis C. Wheeler, Apr. 15, 1945,

to 2300 ft. (701 m.), at W. Fork Palmer Cyn., (n. of Claremont-added 2010), L.C. Wheeler, June 21, 1936; Feb.-July, Dec.; fairly common; cismontane

FVS: June 30, 1936, L.C. Wheeler, Wolfskill Cyn., 1748 ft. (533 m.)

SBCo.: L.C. Wheeler, Lytle Cr. Village, Lytle Cr., July 13, 1967, 3500 ft.

(1067 m.); L.C. Wheeler, Glen Ranch, Lytle Cr., Oct. 27, 1951, 3250 ft. (991 m.)

FVS: Oct. 27, 1951

Euphorbia spathulata Lam., Warty Spurge

LACo.: Orlando Mistretta, Little Rock Cr., slopes on e. side of cyn. south of jct. of FS Roads. 4N15 & 5N04.3, June 6, 1994, no elev. given;; Samuel R. Tyson, San Dimas Cyn., May 7, 1942; Valerie Soza, Ian Gillespie, et al., SDEF, s.w. of Johnstone Pk., above Wildwood Cyn., May 18, 2000, 2145 ft. (654 m.); Orlando Mistretta, Kitter Cyn., Apr. 25, 1995, 3651 ft. (1113 m.); L.C. Wheeler, San Dimas Cyn., near dam, June 6, 1936, 15